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2020 Annual Report, Deirdre M. Smith Cumberland Legal Aid Clinic 2021 University of Maine School of Law

2020 Annual Report, Deirdre M. Smith Cumberland Legal Aid Clinic

Cumberland Legal Aid Clinic Annual Report

  • Program Overview 3
  • General Practice Clinic 5
  • Prisoner Assistance Clinic 6
  • Juvenile Justice Clinic 7
  • Refugee and Human Rights Clinic 9
  • Protection From Abuse Program 10
  • Staffing 11


Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady 2021 Dublin City Schools

Pornography: Social, Emotional And Mental Implications Among Adolescents, William Kelly Canady

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

This presentation will explain the historical development of pornography. It will highlight four segments: 1- Porn’s impact on brain development of reward pathways, ultimately increasing the appetite for more porn. 2- Porn can be a false substitute for real intimacy, resulting in decreased sexual satisfaction with a real person and increased verbal and physical aggression. 3- Porn promotes sex trafficking, promotes multiple sex partners and reduced STD prevention. 4- A review of interventions available to assist clients in navigating a lifestyle away from pornography.


Identifying Red Flags And Risk Factors Of Child Sex Trafficking Among Runaway And Incorrigible Children In South Carolina, Sydney Arsenault, Liyun Zhang 2021 University of South Carolina

Identifying Red Flags And Risk Factors Of Child Sex Trafficking Among Runaway And Incorrigible Children In South Carolina, Sydney Arsenault, Liyun Zhang

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Sex trafficking is severely oppressing children in South Carolina, in part due to the difficulty in identifying victim and potential victims. This presentation reveals findings of red flags and risk factors identified from the analysis of runaway and incorrigible incident reports collected from local law enforcement agencies in South Carolina. Applications of the findings will be discussed.


Balancing Between The Controls Of Child Labour And The Rules Of Protection Against Abuse: Study In The Light Of The Saudi Regime, Nasreen Salman Mansour 2021 College of the Arab East for Graduate Studies, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Balancing Between The Controls Of Child Labour And The Rules Of Protection Against Abuse: Study In The Light Of The Saudi Regime, Nasreen Salman Mansour

Journal Sharia and Law

The Saudi child has many of lawful protection in Saudi law. As his protection laws; which the regulator embodied through it types of harming which the child confronted with, prevent him from having all rights securing his physical, psychological, mental and educational growth, and the counterbalance between these laws and the requirements of life which force the child to work in early age for money is very hard. On the one hand laws of child protection from harming stipulate that any work preventing a child from education is illegal, also make financial abuse of child is an offence and makes ...


Protecting Children In The Frontier Of Surveillance Capitalism, Cole F. Watson 2021 Texas A&M University School of Law

Protecting Children In The Frontier Of Surveillance Capitalism, Cole F. Watson

Student Scholarship

This article examines the ongoing technological revolution and its impact on today’s consumers. In particular, this article addresses the promulgation of the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) in the context of “surveillance capitalism”2 and analyzes the harms associated with social media and data collection. Finally, this paper will argue that COPPA should be revamped to better regulate the Internet of 2020. A just society ought to protect children from the lurking perils of social media.


The Guiding Hand Of Counsel, For A Price: Juvenile Public Defender Fees And Their Effects, Hannah R. Gourdie 2021 William & Mary Law School

The Guiding Hand Of Counsel, For A Price: Juvenile Public Defender Fees And Their Effects, Hannah R. Gourdie

William & Mary Law Review

When he was thirteen, Jonathan, a teenager from New Hampshire, was charged with simple assault after a fight with his father. During his hearing in juvenile court, his father refused to pay the $275 New Hampshire public defender fee, and Jonathan—unable to afford the price of counsel—waived his right to an attorney. He was placed on probation and struggled to meet his probation requirements, resulting in his arrest for probation violations. Because the court was deciding whether to detain Jonathan, Jonathan was appointed a juvenile defender. The attorney brought Jonathan’s unstable home life to the judge’s ...


Maturity As A Condition Of Criminal Liability In Islamic Jurisprudence Under The Libyan And The Emirati Legislations, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

Maturity As A Condition Of Criminal Liability In Islamic Jurisprudence Under The Libyan And The Emirati Legislations

Journal Sharia and Law

Maturity is considered as one of the essential conditions for criminal liability; whether the crimes involve Taazer or Hudood or Quesas Crimes.

This study deals with the issue of how Libyan and the UAE Legislation treat with adulthood as a condition of criminal liability.

The research aims to achieve some of the most important goals:

To highlight the methodology of Islamic law to address the issue of maturity as a condition of criminal liability. In addition, this study attempted to assess the methodology of Libyan and Emirati legislators in determining their age of puberty and the extent of their compliance ...


The Small-Er Screen: Youtube Vlogging And The Unequipped Child Entertainment Labor Laws, Amanda G. Riggio 2021 Seattle University School of Law

The Small-Er Screen: Youtube Vlogging And The Unequipped Child Entertainment Labor Laws, Amanda G. Riggio

Seattle University Law Review

Family vloggers are among the millions of content creators on YouTube. In general, vloggers frequently upload recorded videos of their daily lives. Family vloggers are unique because they focus their content around their familial relationships and the lives of their children. One set of family vloggers, the Ace Family, has recorded their children’s lives from the day they were born and continue to upload videos of each milestone, including “Elle Cries on Her First Rollercoaster Ride” and “Elle and Alaïa Get Caught Doing What!! **Hidden Camera**.” Another vlogging couple, Cole and Savannah LaBrant, post similar content, including videos titled ...


School “Safety” Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani 2021 Seattle University School of Law

School “Safety” Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani

Seattle University Law Review

In the wake of George Floyd’s murder and efforts to achieve racial justice through systemic reform, this Article argues that widespread “security” measures in public schools, including embedded law enforcement officers, jump constitutional guardrails. These measures must be rethought in light of their negative impact on all children and in favor of more effective—and constitutionally compliant—alternatives to promote school safety. The Black Lives Matter, #DefundthePolice, #abolishthepolice, and #DefundSchoolPolice movements shine a timely and bright spotlight on how the prisonization of public schools leads to the mistreatment of children, particularly children with disabilities, boys, Black and brown children ...


A Fresh Start: The Evolving Use Of Juvenile Records In College Admissions, Eve Rips 2021 Loyola University Chicago School of Law

A Fresh Start: The Evolving Use Of Juvenile Records In College Admissions, Eve Rips

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

Questions about criminal and juvenile records in the college application process are common and frequently fail to account for the unique characteristics of juvenile justice systems. The ways in which colleges and universities ask about juvenile records often encourage applicants to disclose information in spite of statutory protections. These questions fly in the face of the public policy underlying a range of legal safeguards that are intended to help individuals with records from juvenile systems in moving forward and receiving a second chance.

In recent years, a series of legislative and institutional changes have begun to restrict how colleges and ...


Kinship Care In Pennsylvania: Creating An Equitable System For Families, Heidi Redlich Epstein, Lucy Johnston-Walsh, Jennifer Pokempner, Kathleen Creamer, Karissa Phelps 2021 ABA Center on Children and the Law

Kinship Care In Pennsylvania: Creating An Equitable System For Families, Heidi Redlich Epstein, Lucy Johnston-Walsh, Jennifer Pokempner, Kathleen Creamer, Karissa Phelps

Faculty Scholarly Works

Family connection provides one of the most important contributions to the development and identity of children. A child’s family connections help them grow and thrive, provide them identity and security, and are a critical link to culture and traditions.

When experiencing difficult times, family members can support each other in ways no one else can, with the shared goal of keeping the family intact and connected.

When a child’s life is disrupted, calling on the support of family is custom in most communities and can be a great source of comfort for both children and the family. This ...


“Juveniles Are Different”: Easier Said Than Done Resolving Disparities Among Courts Regarding The Constitutionality Of Sentencing Juveniles To De Facto Life-Without-Parole, Audrey Fernandez 2021 FIU College of Law

“Juveniles Are Different”: Easier Said Than Done Resolving Disparities Among Courts Regarding The Constitutionality Of Sentencing Juveniles To De Facto Life-Without-Parole, Audrey Fernandez

FIU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2021 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

Table of Contents


School "Safety" Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani 2021 University of New Mexico - School of Law

School "Safety" Measures Jump Constitutional Guardrails, Maryam Ahranjani

Faculty Scholarship

In the wake of George Floyd’s murder and efforts to achieve racial justice through systemic reform, this Article argues that widespread “security” measures in public schools, including embedded law enforcement officers, jump constitutional guardrails. These measures must be rethought in light of their negative impact on all children and in favor of more effective—and constitutionally compliant—alternatives to promote school safety. The Black Lives Matter, #DefundthePolice, #abolishthepolice, and #DefundSchoolPolice movements shine a timely and bright spotlight on how the prisonization of public schools leads to the mistreatment of children, particularly children with disabilities, boys, Black and brown children ...


Feigned Consensus: Usurping The Law In Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions, Keith A. Findley, D. Michael Risinger, Patrick D. Barnes, Julie A. Mack, David A. Moran, Barry C. Scheck, Thomas L. Bohan 2020 University of Wisconsin Law School

Feigned Consensus: Usurping The Law In Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions, Keith A. Findley, D. Michael Risinger, Patrick D. Barnes, Julie A. Mack, David A. Moran, Barry C. Scheck, Thomas L. Bohan

Articles

Few medico-legal matters have generated as much controversy--both in the medical literature and in the courtroom--as Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), now known more broadly as Abusive Head Trauma (AHT). The controversies are of enormous significance in the law because child abuse pediatricians claim, on the basis of a few non-specific medical findings supported by a weak and methodologically flawed research base, to be able to “diagnose” child abuse, and thereby to provide all of the evidence necessary to satisfy all of the legal elements for criminal prosecution (or removal of children from their parents). It is a matter, therefore, in ...


Reimagining Criminal Justice: Black And Brown Youthin Gang Database Are Guilty Until Proven Innocent, Irish Tapia 2020 Golden Gate University School of Law

Reimagining Criminal Justice: Black And Brown Youthin Gang Database Are Guilty Until Proven Innocent, Irish Tapia

Reimagining Criminal Justice

Young men of color growing up across this nation face a hurdle most of us will never have to imagine. If a student of color is not diverted to the criminal justice system, suspended or expelled, they might nonetheless be labeled and marked as having gang affliations, based solely on the discretion of local law enforcement.This ‘identity’ has significant long-term consequences. The “shared gang database” is real. Individuals named in the database do not have to agree to be listed, and they also do not have control over getting off it. A young man of color in a public ...


Cooperative Federalism And Sijs, Shani M. King, Nicole Silvestri Hall 2020 University of Florida Levin College of Law

Cooperative Federalism And Sijs, Shani M. King, Nicole Silvestri Hall

Boston College Law Review

Recognizing the plight of young immigrants who have suffered abuse, neglect, or abandonment, and cannot be reunited with a parent, Congress has accorded those who qualify Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS). SIJS has created an expedited path for them to permanent residency and, ultimately, citizenship. The statutory scheme Congress crafted is unusual in that it requires each applicant to obtain a state court order finding that they meet the requirements for SIJS before the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service decides whether to confer that status on them. The implementation of this scheme has been fraught with difficulty, representing for ...


Cruel And Unusual: Why The Eighth Amendment Bans Charging Juveniles With Felony Murder, Cameron Casey 2020 Boston College Law School

Cruel And Unusual: Why The Eighth Amendment Bans Charging Juveniles With Felony Murder, Cameron Casey

Boston College Law Review

The intersection of Supreme Court jurisprudence on the Eighth Amendment, felony murder, and juvenile justice supports the conclusion that it is unconstitutional to charge juveniles who did not kill, attempt to kill, or intend to kill with felony murder—a doctrine that allows individuals who unintentionally kill while committing a felony to be charged with murder. The Supreme Court has acknowledged that juveniles are different from adults because they lack maturity and the ability to understand the consequences of their actions. The felony murder doctrine hinges on a defendant’s anticipation of what might occur when carrying out a felony ...


Major Reforms For Minors’ Confessions: Rethinking Self-Incrimination Protections For Juveniles, Maxwell J. Fabiszewski 2020 Boston College Law School

Major Reforms For Minors’ Confessions: Rethinking Self-Incrimination Protections For Juveniles, Maxwell J. Fabiszewski

Boston College Law Review

The right against self-incrimination has been a part of American law since before the enactment of the Fifth Amendment. In the twentieth century, extreme police interrogation methods led the U.S. Supreme Court to institute further protections of this constitutional principle. Most significantly, in 1966, in Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court permanently altered American criminal procedure and culture by extending the now-famous Miranda rights to individuals before custodial interrogation. Over fifty years later, these procedural safeguards to the right against self-incrimination have met virtually universal criticism for their ineffectiveness. Matters are particularly dire for juveniles because the law has ...


Invisible Article Iii Delinquency: History, Mystery, And Concerns About “Federal Juvenile Courts”, Mae C. Quinn, Levi T. Bradford 2020 University of the District of Columbia

Invisible Article Iii Delinquency: History, Mystery, And Concerns About “Federal Juvenile Courts”, Mae C. Quinn, Levi T. Bradford

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

This essay is the second in a two-part series focused on our nation’s invisible juvenile justice system—one that operates under the legal radar as part of the U.S. Constitution’s Article III federal district court system. The first publication, Article III Adultification of Kids: History, Mystery, and Troubling Implications of Federal Youth Transfers, examined the little-known practice of prosecuting children as adults in federal courts. This paper will look at the related phenomenon of juvenile delinquency matters that are filed and pursued in our nation’s federal court system.

To date, most scholarship evaluating youth prosecution has ...


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