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Nonpatentability Of Business Methods: Legal And Economic Analysis, Peter Menell, Michael Meurer 2022 University of California Berkeley School of Law

Nonpatentability Of Business Methods: Legal And Economic Analysis, Peter Menell, Michael Meurer

Faculty Scholarship

In this brief filed in Bilski vs. Kappos, pending before the U.S. Supreme Court, we argue that the "useful Arts" limitation of the the Intellectual Property Clause of the U.S.Constitution restricts the scope of Congress's patent power to technological advances. Beyond this constitutional limitation, Congress has not extended patent protection to business methods. The subject matter provision of the 1952 Patent Act merely codified existing subject matter categories and limitations, including the exclusion of business methods. The First Inventor Defense Act of 1999 did not alter this limitation on patentable subject matter. It did not amend ...


State Crypto Regulation: Competing Priorities Shaping Different Outcomes, John T. Bender 2022 Seattle University School of Law

State Crypto Regulation: Competing Priorities Shaping Different Outcomes, John T. Bender

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

“Cryptomania” is approaching fever pitch. Public officials, practitioners, and investors alike are becoming convinced that what began as a thought experiment has given rise to a full-fledged movement that is here to stay. This movement could potentially transform the modern financial system as we know it.

Today, crypto assets and related platforms are increasingly being adopted to store, secure, and transmit massive amounts of monetary value worldwide. Enforcement agencies like the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Commodity Futures and Trading Commission have ventured into the fray by employing existing legal regimes to regulate in this new frontier. At the ...


Degree Of Satisfaction Of Elderly About The Services Provided To Them In Social Care Houses In White Beds Association, Yousef Mohammed Al-Shurman, Ferdous Hasan Omari 2022 Al-Balqa Applied University

Degree Of Satisfaction Of Elderly About The Services Provided To Them In Social Care Houses In White Beds Association, Yousef Mohammed Al-Shurman, Ferdous Hasan Omari

Al-Balqa Journal for Research and Studies البلقاء للبحوث والدراسات

This study aims at identifying the degree of satisfaction of the elderly about the (social, health, entertainment, psychological) services provided to them in social care houses. The sample of the study includes all residents of the White Beds Association for the care of the elderly in Amman. The researcher designed a questionnaire to use in the interviews with the elderly. The questionnaire has four items, and each item includes a group of questions about the service provided to them. The researcher interviewed all the members of the White Beds Association, whose health condition allowed this, (75 elderly people: 44 men ...


Ransomware, Cyber Sanctions, And The Problem Of Timing, Christine Abely 2022 New England Law | Boston

Ransomware, Cyber Sanctions, And The Problem Of Timing, Christine Abely

Boston College Law Review

This essay argues that the lack of a federal blanket prohibition against ransomware payments undermines the purpose and effectiveness of the U.S. sanctions regime. The U.S. cyber-related sanctions program suffers from an essential problem of timing: often payments to malicious cyber actors are not prohibited until those actors have been named to the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List (SDN) maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control in the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Yet those actors generally are not so designated until they have been identified as malicious through a completed or attempted attack ...


The Future Of Ai Accountability In The Financial Markets, Gina-Gail S. Fletcher, Michelle M. Le 2022 Vanderbilt University Law School

The Future Of Ai Accountability In The Financial Markets, Gina-Gail S. Fletcher, Michelle M. Le

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law

Consumer interaction with the financial market ranges from applying for credit cards, to financing the purchase of a home, to buying and selling securities. And with each transaction, the lender, bank, and brokerage firm are likely utilizing artificial intelligence (AI) behind the scenes to augment their operations. While AI’s ability to process data at high speeds and in large quantities makes it an important tool for financial institutions, it is imperative to be attentive to the risks and limitations that accompany its use. In the context of financial markets, AI’s lack of decision-making transparency, often called the “black ...


A True Sense Of Security: How Kirschner V. J.P. Morgan Chase Illustrates The Failings Of The Reves Family-Resemblance Test And The Need To Recognize Some Syndicated Loans As Securities For The Sake Of The Financial System, Aidan D. Mulry 2022 Brooklyn Law School

A True Sense Of Security: How Kirschner V. J.P. Morgan Chase Illustrates The Failings Of The Reves Family-Resemblance Test And The Need To Recognize Some Syndicated Loans As Securities For The Sake Of The Financial System, Aidan D. Mulry

Brooklyn Law Review

Following the 2008 financial crisis, Congress implemented a number of reforms aimed at ensuring that such a man-made disaster—fueled by greed and willful ignorance—is not permitted to happen again. On the surface, these reforms appear to be a success; however, under the surface, there is currently a capital market that is effectively ignored, not only by the reforms passed in the wake of the financial crisis, but by virtually all securities regulation. This capital market, which revolves around so-called syndicated loans, is estimated to be larger than the subprime-mortgage collateralized debt obligations market was at its apex, and ...


How Discretionary Decision-Making Impacts The Financial Performance And Legal Disclosures Of S&P 500 Funds, Bernard S. Sharfman, Vincent Deluard 2022 Brooklyn Law School

How Discretionary Decision-Making Impacts The Financial Performance And Legal Disclosures Of S&P 500 Funds, Bernard S. Sharfman, Vincent Deluard

Brooklyn Law Review

When investment funds track the S&P 500, the index becomes more than just a list of 500 companies. The focus then becomes the financial and regulatory issues that arise from the discretionary decision-making power of the Index Committee that governs the S&P 500. Based on our empirical research and analysis, this article recommends a new principal risk disclosure under SEC Form N-1A, which we refer to as “selection risk,” to be included in the statutory and summary prospectuses of investment funds that track the S&P 500. This type of risk results when the Index Committee uses its ...


Taking It To The Bank: The Need For A Federal Legislative Safe Harbor For Financial Institutions Offering Services To State-Legal Marijuana-Related Businesses, Andrew Bloomfield 2022 St. John's University School of Law

Taking It To The Bank: The Need For A Federal Legislative Safe Harbor For Financial Institutions Offering Services To State-Legal Marijuana-Related Businesses, Andrew Bloomfield

Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development

(Excerpt)

Imagine that you are a small business owner. Rather than opening a new coffee shop, craft brewery, or chic clothing store, you decide to enter one of the fastest-growing industries in the country: marijuana (also referred to herein as “cannabis”). Your state, Washington, has recently legalized recreational use of marijuana, and your new marijuana-related business (MRB), Plantworks, has joined thousands of other licensed producers to supply the new growing market.

You and your business partner lease 2,500 square feet of industrial workspace in Seattle’s North End and produce several pounds of high-quality “craft” cannabis for distribution to ...


Green, Or Greed? A Fresh Perspective On The Valuation Of Conservation Easements, Alan Feld, Theodore Sims, Jacob Nielson 2022 Boston Univeristy School of Law

Green, Or Greed? A Fresh Perspective On The Valuation Of Conservation Easements, Alan Feld, Theodore Sims, Jacob Nielson

Faculty Scholarship

Charitable contributions of "conservation easements" have since 1980 allowed high-income taxpayers to shelter income from taxation through overvalued deductions. Overvaluation has increased dramatically in the past 20 years: a 2016 study of all easement decisions since 1980 reported that while overvaluation had averaged by a factor of two before 1994, it averaged by a factor of ten for decisions between 1994 and 2016. SOI data disclose that aggregate easement contributions deducted on Schedule A grew from $2.26 billion in 2015 to $6.5 billion in 2018 (the most recent year available). A recent report by supporters of conservation easements ...


Chrismar Hotel Ltd V Stanbic Bank Zambia Ltd Scz Selected Judgment No 6 Of 2017 P. 160, Dunia P. Zongwe 2022 Cornell University Law School

Chrismar Hotel Ltd V Stanbic Bank Zambia Ltd Scz Selected Judgment No 6 Of 2017 P. 160, Dunia P. Zongwe

SAIPAR Case Review

In the first semester of 2008, the appellant, Chrismar Hotel Ltd, needed finance to buy some equipment, including earth-moving equipment. It therefore solicited funds from the respondent bank, Stanbic Bank Zambia Ltd, with which it had held several accounts, obtained credit facilities (for example, mortgages and debentures), and established a longstanding relationship. The respondent bank agreed to lend money to the appellant hotel.

Thus, the hotel and the bank (hereinafter ‘the parties’) entered into eight distinct yet identically worded finance leases. For a total sum of 1.7 million US dollars, the eight leases each specified the amount that the ...


Benign Language On Letters From Debt Collectors And Avoiding Violations Of The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Sebastian West 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Benign Language On Letters From Debt Collectors And Avoiding Violations Of The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, Sebastian West

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Sec's Ice-Cold Take On Climate Disclosure: Is The 2010 Interpretive Climate Guidance Working?, Patrick Dunbar 2022 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Sec's Ice-Cold Take On Climate Disclosure: Is The 2010 Interpretive Climate Guidance Working?, Patrick Dunbar

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Fintech And Anti-Money Laundering Regulation: Implementing An International Regulatory Hierarchy Premised On Financial Innovation, Nicholas A Roide 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law (Student)

Fintech And Anti-Money Laundering Regulation: Implementing An International Regulatory Hierarchy Premised On Financial Innovation, Nicholas A Roide

Texas A&M Law Review

Innovations in financial technology (“fintech”) have rippling effects across global markets. Fintech firms utilizing virtual assets and disintermediating blockchain technology continue to rapidly grow in strength and number. As systemic risk mounts due to the inter-jurisdictional nature of fintech, antimony laundering (“AML”) regulators must search for an international answer to maintain global financial stability and protect consumers against illicit activities. A variety of solutions have appeared within local AML regulatory frameworks. These frameworks tend to function as a hierarchy with three ordered objectives: market integrity, rule clarity, and innovation. However, frameworks often place too much emphasis on market integrity and ...


(Ven)Mo Money, (Ven)Mo Problems? How Money Laundering Permeates Peer-To-Peer Payment Platforms, Rohena Rajbhandari 2022 Boston College Law School

(Ven)Mo Money, (Ven)Mo Problems? How Money Laundering Permeates Peer-To-Peer Payment Platforms, Rohena Rajbhandari

Boston College Law Review

In the last decade, new payment forms known as peer-to-peer (P2P) payments have become widely accepted and mainstream across the United States. Driven by young consumers, these innovative platforms overcame many barriers presented by traditional payment systems. With this innovation, however, comes increased potential for abuse. P2P platforms operate outside of pure banking transactions, allowing for quick payments through either fiat currency or cryptocurrency between individuals, making these applications ripe for criminal activity. Although the United States has robust money laundering laws, P2P platforms do not fully fit within their boundaries, allowing criminals to abuse the system to move and ...


Blockchain Technology For Good, Wulf A. Kaal 2022 University of St. Thomas School of Law

Blockchain Technology For Good, Wulf A. Kaal

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Perkembangan Dan Pembatasan Penggunaan Bank Garansi Sebagai Jaminan Pelaksanaan Oleh Pemerintah Dan Perusahaan Bumn Dalam Pelaksanaan Perjanjian, AZHAR RAHADIYAN ANWAR 2022 Faculty of Law University of Indonesia

Perkembangan Dan Pembatasan Penggunaan Bank Garansi Sebagai Jaminan Pelaksanaan Oleh Pemerintah Dan Perusahaan Bumn Dalam Pelaksanaan Perjanjian, Azhar Rahadiyan Anwar

Technology and Economics Law Journal

The purpose of Banking in Indonesia is to support the development and stability of Indonesia’s economy. To achieve that and according to the rules in Indonesia, Banks have 2 (two) primary function which is to collect fund from the citizen and to distribute fund to the citizen. this kind of function is known as intermediary function of Bank. One of the product of Bank regarding the distribution fund to ctizen manifest in Bank Guarantee. Bank Guarantee is a product of Bank which has the purpose to give guarantee to the benifciary that the principal who request Bank Guarantee to ...


Perkembangan Kejahatan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang Dan Tindak Pidana Pendanaan Terorisme (Tppu Dan Tppt) Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, LYDIA ANGGUN 2022 Faculty of Law University of Indonesia

Perkembangan Kejahatan Tindak Pidana Pencucian Uang Dan Tindak Pidana Pendanaan Terorisme (Tppu Dan Tppt) Di Masa Pandemi Covid-19, Lydia Anggun

Technology and Economics Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Federally Mandated Online Sales Tax: A Logistical Solution For The Future Of E-Commerce, Daniel O'Connor 2022 Depaul University College of Law

Federally Mandated Online Sales Tax: A Logistical Solution For The Future Of E-Commerce, Daniel O'Connor

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Economic Structural Transformation And Litigation: Evidence From Chinese Provinces, To Economic Change And Restructuring, Doug Bujakowski, Joan Schmit 2022 Drake University Law School

Economic Structural Transformation And Litigation: Evidence From Chinese Provinces, To Economic Change And Restructuring, Doug Bujakowski, Joan Schmit

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The "Business Interruption" Insurance Coverage Conundrum: Covid-19 Presents A Challenge, Paul E. Traynor 2022 University of North Dakota School of Law

The "Business Interruption" Insurance Coverage Conundrum: Covid-19 Presents A Challenge, Paul E. Traynor

DePaul Business and Commercial Law Journal

No abstract provided.


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