Addressing The Empty Chair: A Standard For The Sufficiency Notices Of Nonparty Fault, 2022 West Virginia University College of Law
Addressing The Empty Chair: A Standard For The Sufficiency Notices Of Nonparty Fault, Mckenna Meadows
West Virginia Law Review
No abstract provided.
A Simple Model Of Torts And Moral Wrongs, 2022 Postdoctoral Fellow, Project on the Foundations of Private Law, Harvard Law School
A Simple Model Of Torts And Moral Wrongs, Steven Schaus
Notre Dame Law Review
According to the “standard model” of torts and moral wrongs—the model implicit in leading moral theories of tort law—tort law imposes genuine duties that are distinct from, and only roughly coincide with, our preexisting moral duties. A “tort,” on this model, is a distinctive kind of wrong, the breach of a tort-generated duty. In this Article, I suggest that moral theories of tort law start with a simpler story—one that dispenses with a distinct domain of tort-generated duties. According to what I call the “simple model” of torts and moral wrongs, tort law aims to recognize and ...
Immigration Detention And Illusory Alternatives To Habeas, 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law
Immigration Detention And Illusory Alternatives To Habeas, Fatma Marouf
The Supreme Court has never directly addressed whether, or under what circumstances, a writ of habeas corpus may be used to challenge the conditions of detention, as opposed to the fact or duration of detention. Consequently, a circuit split exists on habeas jurisdiction over conditions claims. The COVID-19 pandemic brought this issue into the spotlight as detained individuals fearing infection, serious illness, and death requested release through habeas petitions around the country. One of the factors that courts considered in deciding whether to exercise habeas jurisdiction was whether alternative remedies exist, through a civil rights or tort-based action. This Article ...
Sovereign Immunity Or: How The Federal Government Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Discretionary Function Exception, 2022 Boston College Law School
Sovereign Immunity Or: How The Federal Government Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Discretionary Function Exception, Tristen Rodgers
Boston College Law Review
The doctrine of sovereign immunity generally bars suits against the federal government. The Federal Tort Claims Act, however, waives sovereign immunity for a broad class of tort claims against the United States. It contains several exceptions, including the discretionary function exception that precludes suit against the federal government if the underlying conduct involved individual judgment or choice. In 2021, in Shivers v. United States, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit held that the discretionary function exception to the Federal Tort Claims Act applies even where the plaintiff alleges that the conduct at issue violated the U ...
Tort Law Implications Of Compelled Physician Speech, 2022 Loyola University Chicago, School of Law
Tort Law Implications Of Compelled Physician Speech, Nadia N. Sawicki
Indiana Law Journal
Abortion-specific informed consent laws in many states compel physicians to communicate state-mandated information that is arguably inaccurate, immaterial, and inconsistent with their professional obligations. These laws face ongoing First Amendment challenges as violations of the constitutional right against compelled speech. This Article argues that laws compelling physician speech also pose significant problems that should concern scholars of tort law.
State laws that impose tort liability on physicians who refuse to communicate a state-mandated message often do so by deviating from foundational principles of tort law. Not only do they change the substantive disclosure duties of physicians under informed consent law ...
Proving Racism: Gibson Bros. Inc. V. Oberlin College And The Implications On Defamation Law, 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law
Proving Racism: Gibson Bros. Inc. V. Oberlin College And The Implications On Defamation Law, Liam H. Mcmillin
University of Cincinnati Law Review
No abstract provided.
The Great Escape: Exploring Chapter 11’S Allure To Mass Tort Defendants, 2022 Louisiana State University Law Center
The Great Escape: Exploring Chapter 11’S Allure To Mass Tort Defendants, Natalie R. Earles
Louisiana Law Review
The article explores Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings as a defense strategy used by mass tort defendants to escape unfavorable litigation and proposes the U.S. Congress to revise the Bankruptcy Code to disincentivize the misuse of bankruptcy power.
"The Right To Protest For Right": Reaffirming The First Amendment Principle That Limits The Tort Liability Of Protest Organizers, 2022 Boston College Law School
"The Right To Protest For Right": Reaffirming The First Amendment Principle That Limits The Tort Liability Of Protest Organizers, Allison R. Ferraris
Boston College Law Review
On December 16, 2019, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held in Doe v. Mckesson that a court could hold DeRay Mckesson liable for damages to a police officer whom an unidentified assailant injured at a 2016 Black Lives Matter protest that Mckesson helped organize. Mckesson did not cause the officer’s injuries, and he did not order, encourage, or incite the protestors at the demonstration to act violently. The Fifth Circuit held that Mckesson could be liable only because he played a role in organizing the demonstration. In 1982, the U.S. Supreme Court set ...
Toxic Promises, 2022 Victoria University of Wellington
Toxic Promises, Shmuel I. Becher, Yuval Feldman, Meirav Furth-Matzkin
Boston College Law Review
Sellers often make manipulative and dishonest claims about their products and services. Such claims, which are more likely to be present in oral interactions, substantially influence consumers’ choices. We term these claims “toxic promises.”
This Article argues that the law currently underestimates, and does not properly respond to, the social harms that toxic promises generate. Insights from behavioral ethics suggest that even ordinary, law-abiding sellers can frequently make such manipulative assertions. At the same time, contracting realities might lead consumers to rely heavily on these toxic promises. When consumers discover that they have been manipulated, it is often too late ...
Rationing Healthcare During A Pandemic: Shielding Healthcare Providers From Tort Liability In Uncharted Legal Territory, 2022 Florida International University
Rationing Healthcare During A Pandemic: Shielding Healthcare Providers From Tort Liability In Uncharted Legal Territory, Frederick V. Perry, Miriam Weismann
University of Miami Business Law Review
As the coronavirus pandemic intensified, many communities in the U.S. experienced shortages of ventilators, ICU beds, and other medical supplies and treatment. There was no single national response providing guidance on the allocation of scarce healthcare resources. There has been no consistent state response either. Instead, various governmental and nongovernmental state actors in several but not all states formulated “triage protocols,” known as Crisis Standards of Care, to prioritize patient access to care where population demand exceeded supply. One intended purpose of the protocols was to immunize or shield healthcare providers from tort liability based on injuries resulting from ...
Fertility Fraud: The Child's Claims, 2022 University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa
Fertility Fraud: The Child's Claims, Fredrick E. Vars
Boston College Law Review
A shocking number of fertility doctors surreptitiously use their own sperm during insemination procedures. Courts and commentators have explained how medical malpractice and common-law tort claims can provide the mother with remedies. The children of fertility fraud have received less attention. This Essay is the first to systematically analyze the potential claims of these children, whose identities may be shattered by discovering the truth about their biological father. It concludes that creative use of existing common-law torts can provide remedies for children of fertility fraud.
Patient Decision Aids Improve Patient Safety And Reduce Medical Liability Risk, 2022 University of Maine School of Law
Patient Decision Aids Improve Patient Safety And Reduce Medical Liability Risk, Thaddeus Mason Pope
Maine Law Review
Tort-based doctrines of informed consent have utterly failed to assure that patients understand the risks, benefits, and alternatives to the healthcare they receive. Fifty years of experience with the doctrine of informed consent have shown it to be an abject catastrophe. Most patients lack an even minimal understanding of their treatment options. But there is hope. Substantial evidence shows that patient decision aids (PDAs) and shared decision making can bridge the gap between the theory and practice of informed consent. These evidence-based educational tools empower patients to make decisions with significantly more knowledge and less decisional conflict than clinician-patient discussions ...
High Anxiety: Forcing Medical Marijuana Patients To Choose Between Employment And Treatment, 2022 Boston College Law School
High Anxiety: Forcing Medical Marijuana Patients To Choose Between Employment And Treatment, Robert M. Lydon
Boston College Law Review
The vast majority of states recognize the potential medical benefits of marijuana in treating debilitating medical conditions. To date, thirty-six states have legalized consumption of medical marijuana and eleven have done the same for low-tetrahydrocannabinol variations of the cannabis plant. Marijuana still remains illegal under federal law, however, subjecting it to stringent regulation since the Controlled Substances Act became law in 1971. Despite this, the wave of state legalization has essentially left the federal government in the past when it comes to marijuana policy. This federal prohibition poses unique problems for medical marijuana patients seeking employment. The current status of ...
Proposed Bill In Missouri Senate To Lower Personal Injury Statute Of Limitations To Two Years, 2022 Saint Louis University School of Law
Proposed Bill In Missouri Senate To Lower Personal Injury Statute Of Limitations To Two Years, Sarah Thompson
SLU Law Journal Online
The Missouri legislature is considering a bill that would drastically lower the statute of limitations for personal injury claims. What factors should be considered when determining the length of a statute of limitations? In this article, Sarah Thompson discusses the interests that are at stake, some arguments in support, and some arguments in opposition to lowering statutes of limitations.
Misreading Menetti: The Case Does Not Help You Avoid Liability For Your Own Fraud, 2022 South Texas College of Law
Misreading Menetti: The Case Does Not Help You Avoid Liability For Your Own Fraud, Val D. Ricks
St. Mary's Law Journal
Several decades ago, an incorrect legal idea surfaced in Texas jurisprudence: that business entity actors are immune from liability for fraud that they themselves commit, as if the entity is solely responsible. Though the Supreme Court of Texas has rejected that result several times, it keeps coming back. The most recent manifestation is as a construction of Texas’s unique veil-piercing statute. Many lawyers have suggested that this view of the veil-piercing statute originated in Menetti v. Chavers, a San Antonio Court of Appeals case decided in 1998. Menetti has in fact played a prominent role in the movement to ...
Statues Of Fraud : Confederate Monuments As Public Nuisances, 2022 California Western School of Law
Statues Of Fraud : Confederate Monuments As Public Nuisances, Emily T. Behzadi
The deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and countless other African Americans have capitulated a new wave of social activism throughout the United States. Notwithstanding the existence of one of the most infectious diseases of the 21st century, racist and unrestrained police violence continues to plague American society. The unprecedented national uprisings resulting from the brutal killings of African Americans have positioned the U.S. on the precipice of immense social and political change. This transitory period is marked by an amalgamation of social, political, and cultural influences. However, the continued exhibition of Confederate monuments inexorably stymies the ability to ...
The Pandemic And The Public Nuisance: Judicial Intervention In The Era Of Covid-19 And The Collective Right To Public Health, Kyra Ziesk-Socolov
Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice
Amidst the unprecedented disruption caused by COVID-19, workplace lawsuits around the country began to apply a longstanding common law theory in a novel way: employee plaintiffs argued that their employers’ noncompliance with state and federal public health guidance designed to curb the spread of the virus should be enjoined as a public nuisance. Although some of these initial public nuisance suits were dismissed, others successfully forced defendant businesses to either alter their COVID safety practices or temporarily close. This Article explores the first pandemic-era public nuisance suit, Rural Community Workers Alliance v. Smithfield Foods, brought by meatpacking plant workers in ...
Preliminary Damages, 2022 Vanderbilt University Law School
Preliminary Damages, Gideon Parchomovsky, Alex Stein
Vanderbilt Law Review
Historically, the law helped impecunious plaintiffs overcome their inherent disadvantage in civil litigation. Unfortunately, this is no longer the case: modern law has largely abandoned the mission of assisting the least well-off. In this Essay, we propose a new remedy that can dramatically improve the fortunes of poor plaintiffs and thereby change the errant path of the law: preliminary damages. The unavailability of preliminary damages has dire implications for poor plaintiffs, especially those wronged by affluent individuals and corporations. Resource-constrained plaintiffs cannot afford prolonged litigation on account of their limited financial means. Consequently, they are forced to either forego suing ...
Will Products Liability Litigation Help Protect Iot Users From Cyber-Physical Attacks?, 2022 Drake University
Will Products Liability Litigation Help Protect Iot Users From Cyber-Physical Attacks?, J Royce Fichtner, Troy J. Strader
Journal of International Technology and Information Management
While there is an identifiable trend towards protecting consumers from data breaches and data misuses related to IoT devices through new legislation, new regulations, government enforcement actions, and private lawsuits, there has been little progress towards creating similar legally enforceable standards of care for “cyber-physical device security.” This article explores this underdeveloped area of academic inquiry into cyber-physical device security within the context of product liability litigation in the United States. The two questions addressed in this article are: (1) Have there been any successful products liability court decisions in the United States that have held IoT manufacturers liable for ...
Possessing Intangibles, 2022 Indiana University Maurer School of Law
Possessing Intangibles, João Marinotti
Articles by Maurer Faculty
The concept of possession is currently considered inapplicable to intangible assets, whether data, cryptocurrency, or NFTs. Under this view, intangible assets categorically fall outside the purview of property law’s foundational doctrines. Such sweeping conclusions stem from a misunderstanding of the role of possession in property law. This Article refutes the idea that possession constitutes—or even requires—physical control by distinguishing possession from another foundational concept, that of thinghood. It highlights possession’s unique purpose within the property process: conveying the status of in rem claims. In property law, the concept of possession conveys to third parties the allocation ...