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Systemic Racism In The U.S. Immigration Laws, Kevin R. Johnson 2022 UC Davis

Systemic Racism In The U.S. Immigration Laws, Kevin R. Johnson

Indiana Law Journal

This Essay analyzes how aggressive activism in a California mountain town at the tail end of the nineteenth century commenced a chain reaction resulting in state and ultimately national anti-Chinese immigration laws. The constitutional immunity through which the Supreme Court upheld those laws deeply affected the future trajectory of U.S. immigration law and policy.

Responding to sustained political pressure from the West, Congress in 1882 passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, an infamous piece of unabashedly racist legislation that commenced a long process of barring immigration from all of Asia to the United States. In upholding the Act, the Supreme ...


The Dark Side Of Due Process: Part Ii Why Penumbral Rights And Cost/Benefit Balancing Tests Are Bad, Joshua J. Schroeder 2022 St Mary's University

The Dark Side Of Due Process: Part Ii Why Penumbral Rights And Cost/Benefit Balancing Tests Are Bad, Joshua J. Schroeder

St. Mary's Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Florida Governor Desantis’ Transport Of Migrants To Massachusetts Is A “Crude Political Tactic…Playing With People’S Lives,” Law Expert Says, Rich Barlow, Sarah R. Sherman-Stokes 2022 Boston University School of Law

Florida Governor Desantis’ Transport Of Migrants To Massachusetts Is A “Crude Political Tactic…Playing With People’S Lives,” Law Expert Says, Rich Barlow, Sarah R. Sherman-Stokes

Shorter Faculty Works

Massachusetts officials say Florida may have broken the law by transporting 50 Venezuelan immigrants to Martha’s Vineyard on September 14.

Rachel Rollins, US Attorney for the District of Massachusetts, says she’s reviewing whether the unannounced transport violated laws against human trafficking, coercion, or other crimes. Lawyers and aid workers on the Vineyard report that the immigrants were lied to about jobs and housing awaiting them in Massachusetts, about landing in Boston, and about having to register their new addresses with federal citizenship and immigration officials.


Teitiota V New Zealand, Climate Migration And Non-Refoulement: A Case Study Of Canada’S Obligations Under The Charter And The Iccpr, Mari Galloway 2022 Schulich School of Law, Dalhousie University

Teitiota V New Zealand, Climate Migration And Non-Refoulement: A Case Study Of Canada’S Obligations Under The Charter And The Iccpr, Mari Galloway

Dalhousie Law Journal

Climate change is expected to have an unprecedented impact on human migration and displacement over the next decade. Individuals forced to migrate on the basis of climate change or natural disasters remain, however, on the periphery of international and domestic environmental and refugee protections. Teitiota, a landmark decision by the UN Human Rights Committee (the Committee) in 2020 could, however, point the way toward filling these legal gaps by using the principle of non-refoulement under human rights law to prevent the deportation of those whose lives are at risk. As such, this paper seeks to explore the application of Teitiota ...


The T Visa Process And The Identification Of Victims Of Human Trafficking, Mandalena Prelashi 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The T Visa Process And The Identification Of Victims Of Human Trafficking, Mandalena Prelashi

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) is a contemporary effort to combat human trafficking. In 2000, the Congress enacted the T Nonimmigrant Status (or T visa) in the effort to protect victims of trafficking and to enhance law enforcement’s ability to investigate and prevent these crimes in the U.S. This thesis explores from a legal and social point of view the obstacles, hurdles, and challenges that victims of human trafficking face, when applying for a T visa. I find that (1) victims assess their exploitation as wrong and immoral but not amounting to human trafficking, thus ...


Franco I Loved: Reconciling The Two Halves Of The Nation’S Only Government-Funded Public Defender Program For Immigrants, Amelia Wilson 2022 University of Washington School of Law

Franco I Loved: Reconciling The Two Halves Of The Nation’S Only Government-Funded Public Defender Program For Immigrants, Amelia Wilson

Washington Law Review Online

Detained noncitizens experiencing serious intellectual and mental health disabilities are among the most vulnerable immigrant populations in the United States. The Executive Office for Immigration Review’s (EOIR) creation of the National Qualified Representative Program (NQRP) following a class action lawsuit was an important step in finally bringing meaningful protections to this population. The EOIR pledged to ensure government-paid counsel for those facing removal who had been adjudicated “incompetent” by an immigration judge, as well as other protections for those who had been identified as having a “serious mental disorder” but who had not yet been found incompetent. The NQRP ...


Detention Abolition And The Violence Of Digital Cages, Sarah R. Sherman-Stokes 2022 Boston University School of Law

Detention Abolition And The Violence Of Digital Cages, Sarah R. Sherman-Stokes

Faculty Scholarship

The United States has a long history of devastating immigration enforcement and surveillance. Today, in addition to more than 34,000 people held in immigration detention, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) surveils an astounding 296,000 people under its “Alternatives to Detention” program. The number of people subjected to this surveillance has grown dramatically in the last two decades, from just 1,339 in 2005. ICE’s rapidly expanding Alternatives to Detention program is marked by “digital cages,” consisting of GPS-outfitted ankle shackles and invasive phone and location tracking. Government officials and some immigrant advocates have categorized these digital cages ...


The Long Migration Route: Exploring Social Implications For Asylees In The Us And Policy Creation In Transit Countries As A Result Of Immigration Patterns Of African And Haitian Asylum-Seekers Traveling Through Latin America To The United States, Brendan Rupprecht 2022 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

The Long Migration Route: Exploring Social Implications For Asylees In The Us And Policy Creation In Transit Countries As A Result Of Immigration Patterns Of African And Haitian Asylum-Seekers Traveling Through Latin America To The United States, Brendan Rupprecht

Capstone Collection

The number of asylum-seekers from African nations and Haiti traveling from their origin countries, through Latin America, and then to the United States is increasing. This capstone explores why Africans and Haitians are choosing to embark on this journey, what the experience is like for the asylum-seekers (including mapping the physical route taken), and what policies have been developed in transit countries, specifically Panama and Mexico, as a response to this phenomenon. To fulfill the objectives of the study, data was collected by conducting semi- structured interviews with 4 individuals who currently work in the field of international migration and ...


Electronic Arts’ College Videogames In The Name, Image, And Likeness Era, Ryan A. Buchanan 2022 UNH Franklin Pierce School of Law

Electronic Arts’ College Videogames In The Name, Image, And Likeness Era, Ryan A. Buchanan

UNH Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Playing For Keeps: The Need For Name, Image, And Likeness Legislation To Ensure Representation For College Athletes, Campbell Flaherty 2022 University of Pittsburgh

Playing For Keeps: The Need For Name, Image, And Likeness Legislation To Ensure Representation For College Athletes, Campbell Flaherty

UNH Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Editors' Foreword, Ryan A. Buchanan, Jacob M. Rocchi 2022 UNH Franklin Pierce School of Law

Editors' Foreword, Ryan A. Buchanan, Jacob M. Rocchi

UNH Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, Editorial Board 2022 UNH Franklin Pierce School of Law

Table Of Contents, Editorial Board

UNH Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead, Editorial Board 2022 UNH Franklin Pierce School of Law

Masthead, Editorial Board

UNH Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


U.S. Immigration Policies Affecting Mexican And Central American Youth And Their Access To Higher Education, Margaret Elizabeth Tejada 2022 SIT Graduate Institute

U.S. Immigration Policies Affecting Mexican And Central American Youth And Their Access To Higher Education, Margaret Elizabeth Tejada

Capstone Collection

Undocumented Mexican and Central American youth, many of whom hold approved or pending Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS), Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), and Central American Minor Refugee and Parole Program (CAM) applications, are a growing population in the United States who are eager to pursue higher education like their U.S. Citizen and U.S. Lawful Permanent Resident peers. Yet, they are significantly limited by federal, state, and institutional policies that are geared towards the success of students with legal status. Through relevant literature and interviews with policy experts and educators who work directly with these youth and ...


Asylum-Seekers Are Not Bananas Either: Limitations On Transferring Asylum-Seekers To Third Countries, Tally Kritzman-Amir 2022 Boston University School of Law

Asylum-Seekers Are Not Bananas Either: Limitations On Transferring Asylum-Seekers To Third Countries, Tally Kritzman-Amir

Michigan Journal of International Law

Despite the similarities between the movement of people and the movement of goods, many developed nations have maintained high barriers to migration even as barriers to trade have fallen sharply. However, as Jennifer Gordon points out, both bilateral and multilateral treaties governing migration have proliferated within this weaker global patchwork of regulation. For example, the ability of developed states to gain concessions on other matters such as trade or investment has led to the proliferation multilateral agreements, while bilateral agreements have arisen due to a desire to refrain from integrating migrant workers in destination states.

This paper focuses on a ...


Regional Immigration Enforcement, Fatma Marouf 2022 Texas A&M University School of Law

Regional Immigration Enforcement, Fatma Marouf

Faculty Scholarship

Regional disparities in immigration enforcement have existed for decades, yet they remain largely overlooked in immigration law scholarship. This Article theorizes that bottom-up pressure from states and localities, combined with top-down pressures and policies established by the President, produce these regional disparities. The Article then provides an empirical analysis demonstrating enormous variations in how Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s twenty-four field offices engage in federal enforcement around the United States. By analyzing data related to detainers, arrests, removals, and detention across these field offices, the Article demonstrates substantial differences between field offices located in sanctuary and anti-sanctuary regions, as well ...


Ethno-Nationalism And Asylum Law, Anna R. Welch, Emily L. Gorrivan 2022 University of Maine School of Law

Ethno-Nationalism And Asylum Law, Anna R. Welch, Emily L. Gorrivan

Maine Law Review

The myth that asylum laws were once more equitable and humanitarian is belied by the reality of the system’s racist origins. This Essay explains that the U.S. asylum system, like much of the U.S. immigration system, was designed to disadvantage people of color. Indeed, although former President Trump’s reference to Haiti, El Salvador, and African nations as “shithole countries” while advocating for immigration from “countries like Norway” exacerbated systemic challenges, racism has been deeply ingrained in the U.S. asylum system since its inception. Not only do U.S. laws and policies have a disparate impact ...


The Nebraska Criminal Law Practitioner’S Guide To Representing Non-Citizens In State Court Proceedings, 2022 Edition, Kevin Ruser 2022 University of Nebraska College of Law

The Nebraska Criminal Law Practitioner’S Guide To Representing Non-Citizens In State Court Proceedings, 2022 Edition, Kevin Ruser

The Nebraska Criminal Law Practitioner's Guide to Representing Non-Citizens in State Court Proceedings

I promised myself after I did the long-overdue 2021 revisions to this Guide that I would try my dead level best to do annual updates. Here are the 2022 updates to my Guide.

The updates are not as major as the 2021 updates were. Nevertheless, there have been several important developments to the area of crimmigration law since last year, and I have incorporated those changes into this year’s version of my Guide. Additionally, my thinking continues to evolve on various issues, and this year’s version of the Guide includes that ongoing analysis. Finally, my faithful proofreaders/editors ...


Judgments V Reasons In Federal Court Refugee Claim Judicial Reviews: A Bad Precedent, Sean Rehaag, Pierre-André Thériault 2022 Osgoode Hall Law School

Judgments V Reasons In Federal Court Refugee Claim Judicial Reviews: A Bad Precedent, Sean Rehaag, Pierre-André Thériault

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article offers an empirical examination of policies on the publication of refugee law decisions in Canada’s Federal Court. In 2015, the Court issued a notice describing the Court’s general practice of publishing written reasons in cases that the deciding judge considers as having precedential value and of issuing unpublished judgments in cases that the deciding judge does not view as precedential. In 2018, the Court reversed course and issued a new notice. This time, the Court indicated that all final decisions on the merits will be published.

Drawing on data obtained via automated data scraping processes from ...


Citizenship And The First-Generation Limitation In Canada, Michael Pal, Luka Ryder-Bunting 2022 Univerity of Ottawa

Citizenship And The First-Generation Limitation In Canada, Michael Pal, Luka Ryder-Bunting

Dalhousie Law Journal

This article considers the current Canadian regime for citizenship by descent and what is known as the “first-generation limitation.” In 2009, Parliament legislated to limit the transmission of citizenship by descent. Known as the “first-generation limitation,” the new rules mean that a Canadian parent is only entitled to pass on their citizenship to their children born abroad if the parent themselves became a citizen by birth inside Canada or by naturalization. In other words, if an individual acquired Canadian citizenship by descent, they are not entitled to pass on their citizenship to their children unless those children are born in ...


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