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Trial By Combat In The Modern World, Michael L. Smith 2022 University of California - Los Angeles

Trial By Combat In The Modern World, Michael L. Smith

Barry Law Review

The ancient practice of trial by combat was abandoned hundreds of years ago and has never been employed in America. Yet this has not stopped litigants and others from demanding trial by combat—a tactic which, while infrequent, implicates deeper questions of the history of American law. In the past several years, several high-profile demands for trial by combat have prompted media attention and caused several commentators to suggest that trial by combat may be an option for civil litigants. Most coverage and commentary only focuses on each instance of trial by combat as they arise—without attention to other ...


Reforming The Methods Used For Obtaining Juvenile Confessions, Melissa Sarsten Polito 2022 Barry University School of Law

Reforming The Methods Used For Obtaining Juvenile Confessions, Melissa Sarsten Polito

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


“Protecting The Superfluous…To Preserve The Necessary”: Whose Is The Power? The Case Of The Cursing Cheerleader: Mahanoy Area School District V. B.L., Lisa Smith-Butler 2022 Charleston School of Law

“Protecting The Superfluous…To Preserve The Necessary”: Whose Is The Power? The Case Of The Cursing Cheerleader: Mahanoy Area School District V. B.L., Lisa Smith-Butler

Barry Law Review

This article explores the free speech rights of students in the public school setting while off-campus in the recently decided Supreme Court of the United States case of Mahanoy Area School District v. B.L. It examines the history of school discipline from the American colonial period to the present, and briefly explores the First Amendment doctrine regarding content regulation. Next, it reviews the line of Supreme Court decisions from Tinker onwards regarding students’ First Amendment rights in the public school setting and then studies decisions from circuit courts. It then considers the various rules proposed by all of the ...


Proving The Negative: Florida's Stand Your Ground Law And The Burden Of Proof, Connor Bishop 2022 Barry University School of Law

Proving The Negative: Florida's Stand Your Ground Law And The Burden Of Proof, Connor Bishop

Barry Law Review

Self-defense and Stand Your Ground laws are controversial subjects in today’s world. On one side, some argue that these laws protect our Second Amendment right to bear arms, protect ourselves, and our loved ones without fear of criminal prosecution. On the other hand, opponents argue that Stand Your Ground laws encourage evermore violent acts and vigilantism. In the center is the controversy of applying the law. From the people who are disproportionately charged and tried to those that avoid prosecution, this country has become a heightened example of the problems with the current state of self-defense. From Zimmerman to ...


The Hale Act Only Fuels The Wheel Of Abuse In The Digital Age, Kathleen Evans 2022 Barry University School of Law

The Hale Act Only Fuels The Wheel Of Abuse In The Digital Age, Kathleen Evans

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


What’S In A Name? The Use Of The Title “Doctor” By Jds In Academia, Charles W. Penrod, Lindsay Fryer 2022 University of West Florida

What’S In A Name? The Use Of The Title “Doctor” By Jds In Academia, Charles W. Penrod, Lindsay Fryer

Barry Law Review

No abstract provided.


All Of The Products, None Of The Liability: Examining The Supreme Court Of Ohio's Decision In Stiner V. Amazon.Com, Inc., Danny O'Connor 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

All Of The Products, None Of The Liability: Examining The Supreme Court Of Ohio's Decision In Stiner V. Amazon.Com, Inc., Danny O'Connor

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Mitigating The Discretion Disaster: How Changes In The Law Can Help Fema Effectuate Its Critical Mission, Paul G. Rando 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

Mitigating The Discretion Disaster: How Changes In The Law Can Help Fema Effectuate Its Critical Mission, Paul G. Rando

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Defense Of Self And Home: The Problems With Limiting Second Amendment Rights For Young Adults Based On Their Age, Andrew White 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

In Defense Of Self And Home: The Problems With Limiting Second Amendment Rights For Young Adults Based On Their Age, Andrew White

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Tipping Point In Ohio: The Primacy Model As A Path To A Consistent Application Of Judicial Federalism, The Honorable Pierre Bergeron 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

A Tipping Point In Ohio: The Primacy Model As A Path To A Consistent Application Of Judicial Federalism, The Honorable Pierre Bergeron

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


Technologically Improving Textualism, Jeffrey W. Stempel, Erik S. Knutsen 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Technologically Improving Textualism, Jeffrey W. Stempel, Erik S. Knutsen

Nevada Law Journal Forum

The textualist approach to construing statutes, regulations, contracts, and other documents remains dominant but has drawbacks, most significantly its tendency to disregard probative evidence of textual meaning in favor of isolated judicial impressions and dictionary definitions. Although a broader, contextual, “integrative” approach to interpretation is preferable, the hegemony of textualism, even extreme textualism, is unlikely to recede soon. Textualism can be substantially improved, however, through effective use of a form of big data—the corpus linguistics approach to discerning word meaning. By enlarging the universe of sources about how words are actually used, corpus linguistics represents a significant improvement over ...


The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith 2022 Purdue University

The Meaning And Malleableness Of Liberty From 1897-1945, Quentin E. Smith

The Purdue Historian

This paper covers how the substance and meaning of liberty changed during the ending years of the Gilded Age (1870-1900) through the beginning ages of the Civil Rights Movement (1954-1968). Economic liberty took shape in the cases Allegeyer v. Louisiana (1897) and Lochner v. New York (1905). Civil liberties would take several more years to come into the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction. The case Gitlow v. New York (1925) began the establishment of incorporation of the Bill of Rights to the states, otherwise known as our fundamental liberties (note: The Supreme Court used selective incorporation, however). In the case U ...


China's Food Pagodas: Looking Forward By Looking Back?, Yifei Li, Dale Jamieson 2022 New York University

China's Food Pagodas: Looking Forward By Looking Back?, Yifei Li, Dale Jamieson

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In this Article we provide a close analysis of the Chinese Dietary Guidelines – the Food Pagoda. Our focus on the dietary guidelines is motivated by two main considerations. First, the guidelines represent the most comprehensive, nationwide, state sponsored effort to educate the people of China about food. Like citizens in most countries, Chinese people are presented with numerous, often competing, messages from scientists, food gurus and online influencers. The dietary guidelines are different in that they are backed by an entire suite of governmental resources for nationwide dissemination through hospitals, schools, public billboards, TV and radio ads, among others. Among ...


I Want You To Panic: Leveraging The Rhetoric Of Fear And Rage For The Future Of Food, Iselin Gambert 2022 George Washington University

I Want You To Panic: Leveraging The Rhetoric Of Fear And Rage For The Future Of Food, Iselin Gambert

Journal of Food Law & Policy

"Humanity Is About to Kill 1 Million Species in a Globe-Spanning Murder-Suicide. Only 11 Years Left to Prevent Irreversible Damage from Climate Change." Doomsday headlines like these are terrifying. But are they enough to make us act? The causes of the current climate crisis are many, but the science is clear that the meat and dairy industry shoulders much of the blame. Given the role the animal agriculture industry plays in perpetuating the climate crisis, combined with the harms the industry imposes on the animals and workers within it, politicians and governments—given their degree of power and influence—should ...


The Right To Food Comes To America, Wendy Heipt 2022 WhyHunger

The Right To Food Comes To America, Wendy Heipt

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The people of Maine recently exercised an opportunity no citizen of this country has ever had before: the ability to vote on whether to enshrine a right to food in their state constitution. This Essay provides an overview of Maine’s experience with food rights in order to explain how the state came to occupy this unique position.


France's Organisme De Défense Et De Gestion: A Model For Farmer Collective Action Through Standard Development And Brand Management, Christopher J. Bardenhagen, Philip H. Howard, Marie-Odile Noziéres-Petit 2022 Michican State University

France's Organisme De Défense Et De Gestion: A Model For Farmer Collective Action Through Standard Development And Brand Management, Christopher J. Bardenhagen, Philip H. Howard, Marie-Odile Noziéres-Petit

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Quality-based food production, often with a regional dimension, can provide farmers with new, value added markets. It can also provide consumers with access to place based high-quality products, and may benefit local economies through increased commerce. French Organismes de Défense et de Gestion (ODGs) illustrate a mode of quality-based agri-food business organization. ODGs focus on the development of production standards, as well as management of the intellectual property related to those standards. This mode, which is commonly used in Europe, has not often been used in the United States, despite its potential for regional food system development. The ODG mode ...


Importing Indian Intolerance: How Title Vii Can Prevent Caste Discrimination In The American Workplace, Brett Whitley 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Importing Indian Intolerance: How Title Vii Can Prevent Caste Discrimination In The American Workplace, Brett Whitley

Arkansas Law Review

"If Hindus migrate to other regions on [E]arth, [Indian] Caste would become a world problem." - Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (1916) Imagine it is the year 2020. You are one of the more than 160 million people across India that are labeled as Dalits, formerly known as the “Untouchables." Most Hindus view Dalits as belonging to the lowest rung in the ancient system of social stratification that impacts individuals across the globe called the caste system. Your people have endured human rights abuses for centuries, but luckily, neither you nor a loved one have ever been the victim of one ...


Timing Legal Parenthood, Noy Naaman 2022 University of Toronto, Toronto

Timing Legal Parenthood, Noy Naaman

Arkansas Law Review

When does a parent become a parent? While the literature on Assisted Reproductive Technology (“ART”) has explored the question, who is a parent? scholars in the field have paid less attention to the question “when should the parental status be formalized?” Is it at birth? Is it when a judicial order confers that legal status on an individual? Or, has the legal status of parenthood begun to develop during the time the individual has spent initiating the parental process and consolidated at the child’s birth? Yet, these questions have critical legal and practical implications. The following scenarios illustrate how ...


The Future Of The Allen Charge In The New Millennium, Caleb Epperson 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Future Of The Allen Charge In The New Millennium, Caleb Epperson

Arkansas Law Review

"In matters of truth and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same." Following the death of George Floyd on May 25, 2020, social and political movements grew rapidly nationwide to combat the prevalence of police brutality against African-American communities. The impact of the ongoing Black Lives Matter movement has been observed in both cities across the United States and in related movements internationally. This movement highlights the necessity for police reform and catalyzes the public’s growing call for greater criminal justice reform. To achieve the ...


Can't We Just Talk About This First?: Making The Case For The Use Of Discovery Depositions In Arkansas Criminal Cases, Bryan Altman 2022 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Can't We Just Talk About This First?: Making The Case For The Use Of Discovery Depositions In Arkansas Criminal Cases, Bryan Altman

Arkansas Law Review

“[T]he quest for better justice is a ceaseless quest, that the single constant for our profession is the need for continuous examination and reexamination of our premises as to what law should do to achieve better justice.” From time to time, it is important that we take stock of our legal surroundings and ask ourselves if our procedures are still properly serving us, or if there is need for change and improvement. In this Article, I argue that the time has come for Arkansas to provide the criminal defense bar with the affirmative power to conduct discovery depositions. Arkansas ...


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