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Liberal Feminist Jurisprudence: Foundational, Enduring, Adaptive, Linda C. McClain, Brittany K. Hacker 2022 Boston University School of Law

Liberal Feminist Jurisprudence: Foundational, Enduring, Adaptive, Linda C. Mcclain, Brittany K. Hacker

Faculty Scholarship

Liberal feminism remains a significant strand of feminist jurisprudence in the U.S. Rooted in 19th and 20th century liberal and feminist political theory and women’s rights advocacy, it emphasizes autonomy, dignity, and equality. Liberal feminism’s focus remains to challenge unjust gender-based restrictions based on assumptions about men’s and women’s proper spheres and roles. Second wave liberal legal feminism, evident in Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s constitutional litigation, challenged pervasive sex-based discrimination in law and social institutions and shifted the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Equal Protection Clause to a more skeptical review of gender-based classifications ...


An Overview Of Life And Works Of Jami & His Perception Of Love, LEYLA HAJIMEHDITAJER 2021 Help University Malaysia

An Overview Of Life And Works Of Jami & His Perception Of Love, Leyla Hajimehditajer

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

Abd al-Rahman Jami (817/1414- 898/1492) is regarded as the last grand classical poet of Persian literature and a great Sufi of his time. Towards the end of his life, he compiled his Divan in which one can trace his life pattern that he has divide into three main phases. These include: 1) the period of his childhood and early phases of education, which is reported in Fātiḥah al-Shabāb; 2) his mid-life phase as elaborated in Wāsiṭah al-‘Aqd; and, 3) the last stage of his life, discussed in Khātimah al-Ḥayāt. In the latter, Jami tends to evaluate his ...


Setting The Table For Feast Or Famine: How Education Will Play A Deciding Role In The Future Of Precision Agriculture, Lauren Manning 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Setting The Table For Feast Or Famine: How Education Will Play A Deciding Role In The Future Of Precision Agriculture, Lauren Manning

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Precision agriculture has many names including satellite farming, or site-specific crop management. Early forms of precision agriculture involved creating fertilizer maps, yield measurements, grid sampling, and soil pH content monitoring. Roughly 25 years ago, the advent of global positioning systems, commonly known as GPS, enabled farmers to make more informed decisions about where to plant seed and how much seed to plant. Precision agriculture technologies typically utilize sensors that are placed on tractors, combines, and other farm equipment, and which measure various conditions including seeding rates, soil conditions, and other indicators of production. Over time, this technology has been expanded ...


From The Lab To The Supermarket: In Vitro Meat As A Viable Alternative To Traditional Meat Production, Trae Norton 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

From The Lab To The Supermarket: In Vitro Meat As A Viable Alternative To Traditional Meat Production, Trae Norton

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In 1932, Winston Churchill predicted that 50 years in the future "we shall escape the absurdity of growing a whole chicken in order to eat the breast or wing by growing these parts separately under a suitable medium." Although Churchill's prediction is about 30 years off, in August of 2013, the first ever meat patty grown in vitro was consumed in London, England. With this historic scientific achievement, many are predicting that in vitro meat will be a viable solution to the problems associated with industrial meat production, such as animal cruelty, inefficient natural resource consumption, and pollution. Analysts ...


Putting A Gag On Farm Whistleblowers: The Right To Lie And The Right To Reamin Silent Confront State Agricultural Protectionism, Rita-Marie Cain Reid, Amber L. Kingery 2021 University of Missouri, Kansas City

Putting A Gag On Farm Whistleblowers: The Right To Lie And The Right To Reamin Silent Confront State Agricultural Protectionism, Rita-Marie Cain Reid, Amber L. Kingery

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Whistleblowers play an important role in filling gaps in government food safety systems. Unfortunately, several dominant food-producing states have pursued legislative initiatives that punish farm whistleblowers and silence investigative tactics. First, this research describes various state legislative initiatives that curb criticism of agriculture. The work analyzes the federal food safety system and how these protections limiting agricultural criticism contravene that food safety net. Further, the research analyzes the free speech concerns in the newest protectionist laws. The analysis recommends strategies and future research to improve agricluture safety and protect free speech in an evolving food safety landscape.


2016 China Food Law Update, Michael T. Roberts, Ching-Fu Lin 2021 University of California, Los Angeles

2016 China Food Law Update, Michael T. Roberts, Ching-Fu Lin

Journal of Food Law & Policy

This update of China food law builds on a unique feature for the Journal of Food Law .& Policy that has been provided since the Journal's inception - separate food law updates for both the United States and European Union. "Recognizing the globalness of the modem food system, these updates have served an invaluable role in keeping scholars and practitioners abreast of the world's leading food regulatory systems." China's emergence as a developed, modem food regulatory system with the potential of being a leading food regulatory system makes sense given its position as a world economic powerhouse. China's ...


Local And State Governments Are Taking The Stage When It Is Fda's Curtain Call - Are Local And State Governments' Safety Warnings Preempted By Federal Law?, Melissa M. Card 2021 Michigan State University, East Lansing

Local And State Governments Are Taking The Stage When It Is Fda's Curtain Call - Are Local And State Governments' Safety Warnings Preempted By Federal Law?, Melissa M. Card

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Eliminated from fad diets, sworn off by celebrities, and frantically reformulated out of processed foods, added sugars have been deemed the new nutritional scoundrel. Recent studies from the American Heart Association, the World Health Organization, and the American Cancer Association demonstrate that the consumption of added sugar leads to increased risks of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and gout. While all foods containing added sugar are deemed unhealthy, Sugary-Sweetened Beverages ("SSBs") are said to be especially toxic by the American health community, by virtue of these beverages' being excessively high in added sugar content, low in satiety, and incomplete in compensation ...


Will Consumers Be In The "Dark" About Labels On Genetically Engineered And Modified Foods?, Hilary Nat 2021 Western Michigan University, Lansing

Will Consumers Be In The "Dark" About Labels On Genetically Engineered And Modified Foods?, Hilary Nat

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In the 1900s, the United States began to sell genetically engineered foods. One of the first genetically engineered foods sold in the United States and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was the Flavr Savr tomato. The tomato's genetic structure was modified to prevent softening which allowed it to ripen after being picked. In the United States, statistics demonstrate that 92% of com, 94% of soybeans, and 94% of cotton sold is genetically engineered. In addition, it is estimated that 75% of the processed foods sold in supermarkets around the United States contain ingredients that are products ...


Energy Drink Regulations: Why The Time For More Fda Authority Is Not Ripe And How States Can Protect Children Without Unjustly Infringing On Adult Autonomy, Larry D. Treat 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Energy Drink Regulations: Why The Time For More Fda Authority Is Not Ripe And How States Can Protect Children Without Unjustly Infringing On Adult Autonomy, Larry D. Treat

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In December of 2011, Anais Fournier ("Anais"), a fourteen-year-old from Maryland, was at the mall with her friends when she drank a twenty-four ounce Monster energy drink. Within twenty-four hours, Anais consumed a second twenty-four ounce energy drink. Together, the two Monster energy drinks Anais consumed contained around 480 milligrams ("mg") of caffeine. A few hours after the second drink, Anais went into cardiac arrest and later died from cardiac arrhythmia. An autopsy found that caffeine toxicity caused Anais's arrhythmia and impeded her heart's ability to pump blood. As it turns out, Anais suffered from a preexisting heart ...


Moving Towards Harmonization Of The Food Safety Standards: Role Of The Tpp And Ttip Agreements, Ksenia A. Petrovets 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Moving Towards Harmonization Of The Food Safety Standards: Role Of The Tpp And Ttip Agreements, Ksenia A. Petrovets

Journal of Food Law & Policy

We are now less dependent on locally available food resources that we have ever been. The continuing industrialization of food production, the advancement in technologies and the rapid development of supply chains granted us the luxury of immediate access to a variety of products originating from local supermarkets all over the world. This, along with the greater level of food production industrialization, inevitably comes the rise of related food safety risks. Because of the enlargement of producing operations, an emerging safety threat in one place may result in a foodborne illness outbreak thousands of miles away from its place of ...


Interpretation Of Concepts From Secondary Issues Based On The Hanbali School Of Thought And Its Applications, Dr. Khalid Al-Harbi 2021 Assistant Professor, College of Sharia and Law At Al-Jouf University, kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Interpretation Of Concepts From Secondary Issues Based On The Hanbali School Of Thought And Its Applications, Dr. Khalid Al-Harbi

Journal Sharia and Law

This study dealt with the interpretation of concepts from secondary issues based on the Hanbali school of thought and its applications. The researcher examined details related to the truth of science, its pillars, the sciences similar to it, its origin, the conditions for graduation by the jurist and the branche issued based on it, and he mentioned Hanbali terms and methods of graduation with contemporary applications.

The researcher found the appropriate meaning for graduating the branches on the branches, determining the year of the emergence of the graduation science, stating the most famous types, and the methods of referencingg and ...


الخدمات المصرفية غير الريوية ووصفها الشرعي- د. الطيب محمد حامد التكينة, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

الخدمات المصرفية غير الريوية ووصفها الشرعي- د. الطيب محمد حامد التكينة

Journal Sharia and Law

وبعد ، فإن المصارف التجارية خدمات كثيثرة خالية من الربا، تحتاج إلى إفرادها بالبحث والشرح، بالقدر الذي يجليها ويميزها عن غيرها من الخدمات الربوية ثم تكييفها وردها إلى العقود التي تنتمي إليها .

والبحث يشمل الحسابات الجارية (الودائع تحت الطلب، أو الودائع الجارية) ، ويشمل التحويلات الداخلية، وبيع وشراء العملات.

وقد وقع اختيارات لهذه الخدمات ، لأهميتها من ناحية، ولارتباطها مع بعضها كما يتضح من البحث من ناحية أخرى.


قضايا فقهية تتعلق ببنوك الحليب البشري - أ.د. محمود أحمد أبو ليل, Professor Mahmoud Ahmed Abu Leil 2021 Professor of Islamic Jurisprudence at the College of Law, United Arab Emirates University and the Mufti of the Judicial Department - Abu Dhabi

قضايا فقهية تتعلق ببنوك الحليب البشري - أ.د. محمود أحمد أبو ليل, Professor Mahmoud Ahmed Abu Leil

Journal Sharia and Law

إن الحليب هو الغذاء الرئيسي للطفل في أيامه الأولى ، وبه قوام حياته واكتمال نموه، والحليب البشري خير أنواع الحليب وأعظمها فائدة للوليد، وأكثرها ملاءمة له، ورفقاً به، إذ هو الذي خلقه الله في أثداء الأمهات لحكمة تغذية الأطفال، ولذلك أمر الله الوالدات بالإرضاع ، فقال سبحانه : والوالدات يرضعن أولادهن حولين كاملين لمن أراد أن يتم الرضاعة.

وشرع جل وعز الإجارة في الرضاع اهتماماً بشأنه، وتشجيعاً عليه عند الحاجة إليه فقال في كتابه: فإن أرضعن لكم فأتوهن أجورهن وأتمروا بينكم بمعروف وإن تعاسرتم فسترضع له أخرى.

وقد يحصل أحياناً أن لا يتوفر للطفل حليب من أمه إما لموتها عند الولادة أو لعدم ...


مفهوم العرف في الشريعة الإسلامية - أ.د. حسنين محمود حسنين, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

مفهوم العرف في الشريعة الإسلامية - أ.د. حسنين محمود حسنين

Journal Sharia and Law

ماجاء في الأثر تعودوا الخير، فإن الخير عادة، والشر لجاجة، هذا بالمقارنة بين العرف والعادة من حيث اللغة نجد أن العادة هي أحد معاني العرف فإنها الأمر المتكرر ، والمتكرر هو المتتابع ، والأمر إذا تكرر يكون مألوفاً مستحسناً ، والمتتابع والمألوف كلاهما من معاني العرف.


أثر مرض الموت في عقود المعاوضات في الفقه الإسلامي - بحث مقارن - أ.د. أنور محمود دبور, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

أثر مرض الموت في عقود المعاوضات في الفقه الإسلامي - بحث مقارن - أ.د. أنور محمود دبور

Journal Sharia and Law

لايصح الاعتراض علىعقود المعاوضلات التي ينشئها المريض مرض الموت إلا لم تدخلها المحاباة، لأن حقوق الدائنين والورثة تتعلق بقيمة التركة، وقيمة التركة لا تقل بالمعاوضة الخالية من المحاباة، إذ أن مايخرج من التركة يدخل نظير قيمته فيها، فلا ضرر - حينئذ - على الدائنين أو الورثة.

أما إذا اشتمل عقد المعاوضة الذي يبرمه المريض علىمحاباة لمن يتعامل معه فهذا هو الذي يصح للدائنين والورثة الاعتراض عليه في الدقر المحابي به، فمن حق الدائنين الاعتراض علىهذا القدر في حدود ديونهم، فإذا تبقى من هذا القدر شيء بعد سداد الديون كان من حق الورثة الاعتراض على مازاد على ثلث (5) هذا الباقي، لأن المحاباة ...


أحكام الحرب الدولية المشروعة في نظر الإسلام والجوانب الإنسانية المميز لها- أ.د. وهبة مصطفى الزحيلي, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

أحكام الحرب الدولية المشروعة في نظر الإسلام والجوانب الإنسانية المميز لها- أ.د. وهبة مصطفى الزحيلي

Journal Sharia and Law

ليست الحروب في الإسلام دينية أ يمليها التعصب الديني ضد أتباع الديانات الأخرى، فالإسلام دين التسامح الذي يقر بوجود الأمم والشعوب والأديان الأخرى، ولايريد إبادة المخالفين في الدين، ولايجيز الإكراه على الدين أو الاعتقاد، ويتعايش المسلمون مع غيرهم على صعيد راسخ من السلم والأمان، وحرية ممارسة الشعائر الدينية لغير المسلمي، قال الله تعالى " لا إكراه في الدين، قد تبين الرشد من الغي..(سورة البقرة 256 ). وليست الحروب في الإسلام بقصد التسلط على الأمم والسعوب الأخرى، لأن ذلك ظلم، والظلم حرام ممنوع في جميع الأديان. كل أمة في السلم والحرب فلسفة معينة، وضعها الحكما والعلماء والقادة والرؤوساء، وهي تصور الوسائل والغايات ...


"All I Do Is Win": The No-Lose Strategy Of Cafo Regulation Under The Caa, Karl J. Worsham 2021 Harvard, Cambridge

"All I Do Is Win": The No-Lose Strategy Of Cafo Regulation Under The Caa, Karl J. Worsham

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Corporate farms, often known as concentrated animial feeding operations ("CAFO'), provide inexpensive animal products but do so by externalizing the cost of their operation in the form of environmental harms and risks to human health. This article explores one possible approach to mitigating CAFO-caused harms. It argues that CAFO regulation under any one of three Clean Air Act ("CAA ") programs will result in net benefits, not just for air quality, but also for other CAFO-caused harms and thus, that CAA regulation of CAFOs is a no-lose strategy. The article then goes further to conclude that, while regulation under any one ...


Animal Legal Defense Fund V. Otter: Industrial Food Production Simply Is Not A Private Matter, Lucy L. Holifield 2021 University of Arkansas, Little Rock

Animal Legal Defense Fund V. Otter: Industrial Food Production Simply Is Not A Private Matter, Lucy L. Holifield

Journal of Food Law & Policy

About half of the states have either passed or attempted to pass laws aimed at stifling criticism and exposure of factory farms throughout the country. This unwanted exposure is often the result of undercover reporters gaining access to the interior of meat-producing entities by seeking and obtaining employment. Their reports often expose filthy and dangerous conditions, substantial animal abuse, and the incorporation of unfit animal products into the public's food supply.


Regulating The Food Truck Industry: An Illustration Of Proximity And Sanitation Regulations, Nicholas Alvarez 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Regulating The Food Truck Industry: An Illustration Of Proximity And Sanitation Regulations, Nicholas Alvarez

Journal of Food Law & Policy

Manny Hernandez, a Chicago food truck owner, would wake up in the middle of the night and slowly travel by foot around downtown Chicago carrying a 200-foot rope. The rope was used to measure the distance from the doors of brick-and-mortar restaurants to possible parking locations for his food truck. A Chicago ordinance prohibited food trucks from operating within 200 feet of the front door of any brick-and-mortar restaurant. Furthermore, Manny could not just find one spot; he needed to find many spots because Chicago law also stated that food trucks were only allowed to park at one location for ...


Modernizing Discrimination Law: The Adoption Of An Intersectional Lens, Marisa K. Sanchez 2021 St. Mary's University School of Law

Modernizing Discrimination Law: The Adoption Of An Intersectional Lens, Marisa K. Sanchez

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

Abstract forthcoming.


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