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Covid-19 Impacts: How A Global Pandemic Amid The Sunsets Of The Ptc And Itc Made The U.S. Wind And Solar Industries More Resilient, Kimberly E. Diamond 2021 Fordham Law School

Covid-19 Impacts: How A Global Pandemic Amid The Sunsets Of The Ptc And Itc Made The U.S. Wind And Solar Industries More Resilient, Kimberly E. Diamond

Fordham Environmental Law Review

A cataclysmic event is sometimes the necessary catalyst for companies within certain industries to re- examine, radically shift, and replace their standard practices with technologically-advanced alternatives. In the United States, the occurrence of the Coronavirus pandemic (“COVID-19”) during the sunsets of the Production Tax Credit (“PTC”) and the Investment Tax Credit (“ITC”) created a unique confluence of factors that produced a perfect storm tantamount to such a cataclysmic event for companies in the wind and solar industries, particularly developers. Over the years, the domestic utility-scale wind industry has come to rely heavily upon the PTC, while the domestic utility- scale ...


Illegal Discharge: Exploring The History Of The Criminal Enforcement Of The U.S. Clean Water Act, Dr. Joshua Ozymy, Dr. Melisssa L. Jarrell 2021 Fordham Law School

Illegal Discharge: Exploring The History Of The Criminal Enforcement Of The U.S. Clean Water Act, Dr. Joshua Ozymy, Dr. Melisssa L. Jarrell

Fordham Environmental Law Review

The criminal prosecution of defendants that violate federal clean water laws has been ongoing for roughly four decades. Yet, we continue to have a poor understanding of how federal prosecutors use the U.S. Clean Water Act (“CWA”) to charge and prosecute criminals and the outcomes of those prosecutions. We use content analysis to analyze 2,588 federal criminal prosecution case summaries, 1983-2019, to gain a better historical understanding of how the CWA has been used as a prosecutorial tool, to bring out the major themes in the prosecutions, and quantify sentencing outcomes. Findings from the 828 CWA prosecutions undertaken ...


Red Tide: A Blooming Concern For Florida Manatees, Shannon Price Esq. 2021 Fordham Law School

Red Tide: A Blooming Concern For Florida Manatees, Shannon Price Esq.

Fordham Environmental Law Review

Although red tides are a common and natural occurrence around the coast of Florida, within the last few decades they have intensified and become much more deadly. Several identifiable human-caused factors exacerbate the size, concentration, and duration of the harmful algae bloom and disturb the environment’s natural balance. The Florida Gulf Coast provides all the algae’s necessary requirements for survival, the perfect storm to create a resilient super bloom that annihilates its host ecosystem.

This article explains the plight of Florida manatees who, like other marine animals and plants, are being injured or killed by this algae crisis ...


"Eco" Your Own Way: An Argument For State-Specific Climate Change Legislation, Amanda Voeller 2021 Fordham Law School

"Eco" Your Own Way: An Argument For State-Specific Climate Change Legislation, Amanda Voeller

Fordham Environmental Law Review

The consequences of climate change seriously and immediately threaten the American way of life, but proposed federal legislation like the Green New Deal is overly broad, unrealistic, and inefficient. The most effective way for the United States to combat climate change is not with a one-size-fits-all plan like the Green New Deal, but with federal legislation that incentivizes states and cities to enact and enforce individualized, local climate legislation. Different states and cities have different climates, available energy sources, and transportation needs, so the federal government should use financial incentives to encourage states and cities to pass tailor-made bills and ...


The Use Of Regular Militaries For Natural Disasters After A Major Event Where The Military Was Seen As A Failure - The Somalia Effect In The Age Of Black Lives Matters And Covid-19, Donald D.A. Schaefer 2021 Fordham Law School

The Use Of Regular Militaries For Natural Disasters After A Major Event Where The Military Was Seen As A Failure - The Somalia Effect In The Age Of Black Lives Matters And Covid-19, Donald D.A. Schaefer

Fordham Environmental Law Review

This is written as a continuation of Dr. Schaefer’s recent article entitled, “The Use of the Regular Militaries for Natural Disaster Assistance: Climate Change and the Increasing Need for Changes to the Laws in the United States, China, Japan, the Philippines, and Other Countries.” 2 Perhaps few other areas have affected so many people than the Covid-19 pandemic. Coupled with this has been the struggle over the use of force by the military and police in the age of “black lives matters” and the movements that have been transpired as a result. With the increased global warming likely to ...


Is This Seat Taken? African American Male Perceptions Of Ascension In The Federal Office Of Inspectors General Community, Donrich L. Young 2021 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Is This Seat Taken? African American Male Perceptions Of Ascension In The Federal Office Of Inspectors General Community, Donrich L. Young

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

The federal law enforcement community is one that should be diverse and reflect society as a whole. Traditionally, federal law enforcement, and specifically the Office of Inspectors General (OIG) Community, has been occupied by White males at all levels. This qualitative exploratory case study examined the perceptions and lived experiences of eight African American males currently employed in or recently retired from the federal OIG community. The research findings resulted in the emergence of three themes: (1) mentorship, (2) treatment and opportunities, and (3) underrepresentation. The implications and recommendations which evolved from this research study may contribute to the development ...


European Union Food Law Update, Nicole Coutrelis 2021 Coutrelis & Associates, Brussels

European Union Food Law Update, Nicole Coutrelis

Journal of Food Law & Policy

On March 31, 2006, the European Commission published Council Regulation (EC) No. 510/2006 On the Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs. This new regulation repealed Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2081/92 On the Protection of Geographical Indications and Designations of Origin for Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs mainly to bring Community law into conformity with the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements and the findings of a recent WTO panel. Under the new Regulation, persons in third countries (non-European Union members) are entitled to address applications for the protection of geographic names and statements ...


United States Food Law Update, Michael Tingey Roberts, Margie Alsbrook 2021 Venable, LLP, Washington D.C.

United States Food Law Update, Michael Tingey Roberts, Margie Alsbrook

Journal of Food Law & Policy

This update summarizes some of the significant changes and developments in food law over the first half of 2006. Not every change in food law is included; instead, this update provides a starting point for scholars, practitioners, food industry members, and policymakers determined to understand the shaping of food law in modern society. Tracing the development of food law through these updates, which appear in each issue of the Journal of Food Law & Policy, also provides historical context for the development of significant food law issues over time. New developments in state law, while certainly important and deserving in attention ...


Creating Balance: Problems Within Dshea And Suggestions For Reform, Jennifer Akre Hill 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Creating Balance: Problems Within Dshea And Suggestions For Reform, Jennifer Akre Hill

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA) was signed into law on October 25, 1994. At the signing, President Clinton endorsed the "intense efforts" of manufacturers and legislators to change the "treatment of dietary supplements under regulation and law." Further, the bill was signed with the hope that it would benefit consumers by permitting more access to dietary supplements and more choices for consumer directed healthcare. In support, politicians on both sides of the aisle claimed the DSHEA as a victory for consumer freedom, populist protection, and preventative medicine.


Beastly Bureaucracy' Animal Traceability, Identification And Labeling In Eu Law, Bernd M.J. van der Meulen, Annelies A. Freriks 2021 Wageningen University, the Netherlands

Beastly Bureaucracy' Animal Traceability, Identification And Labeling In Eu Law, Bernd M.J. Van Der Meulen, Annelies A. Freriks

Journal of Food Law & Policy

This contribution discusses animal traceability, identification and labeling requirements in European Union (EU) law. The requirements are lex specialis to more general requirements in EU food law. The aim is to set out this body of EU law and provide some understanding regarding its background. Along with the article by Margaret Rosso Grossman, it enables the reader to compare the EU system to the United States system.


Animal Identification And Traceability Under The Us National Animal Identification System, Margaret Rosso Grossman 2021 University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Animal Identification And Traceability Under The Us National Animal Identification System, Margaret Rosso Grossman

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The identification of animals has a long history in the United States. Since the late nineteenth century, livestock producers have used brands to mark their animals. Ear tags and other marks now identify individual animals or animals from a specific producer, but not all livestock are identified to facilitate traceability.


Pernicious Loyalty, Andrew S. Gold 2021 William & Mary Law School

Pernicious Loyalty, Andrew S. Gold

William & Mary Law Review

Fiduciary loyalty is generally considered valuable, and in the usual case it is. Yet some of the very features of loyalty that make it valuable also encourage behaviors harmful to beneficiaries, third parties, or society as a whole. Examples include the corporate director whose concern with shareholder wealth maximization leads to considerable environmental harm and the skillful attorney whose zealous representation undermines justice between the parties. In short, actions that are motivated by good-faith fiduciary loyalty may be undesirable in individual cases. I will describe such cases as cases of pernicious loyalty. Outside the law, pernicious loyalty is often limited ...


Medical Board Of California, Ellen Williams, Jonathan Padua, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Medical Board Of California, Ellen Williams, Jonathan Padua, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Board Of Pharmacy, Anna Schwartz, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Board Of Pharmacy, Anna Schwartz, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Veterinary Medical Board, Jordan Bourque, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Veterinary Medical Board, Jordan Bourque, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Department Of Financial Protection And Innovation, Stephanie Mendivil, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Department Of Financial Protection And Innovation, Stephanie Mendivil, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Public Utilities Commission, Madison Orcutt, Rachel Rockwell, Tristan Stidham, R.C. Fellmeth, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Public Utilities Commission, Madison Orcutt, Rachel Rockwell, Tristan Stidham, R.C. Fellmeth, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Department Of Managed Health Care, Alex Ruf, Meena Kaypour, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Department Of Managed Health Care, Alex Ruf, Meena Kaypour, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Board Of Registered Nursing, Kendra J. Muller, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Board Of Registered Nursing, Kendra J. Muller, Debra Jorgensen, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


Contractors State License Board, Sabrina Barr, Bridget Fogarty Gramme 2021 University of San Diego

Contractors State License Board, Sabrina Barr, Bridget Fogarty Gramme

California Regulatory Law Reporter

No abstract provided.


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