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Doe V. Nestle, S.A.: Chocolate And The Prohibition On Child Slavery, Megan M. Coppa 2021 Elisabeth Haub School of Law, Pace University

Doe V. Nestle, S.A.: Chocolate And The Prohibition On Child Slavery, Megan M. Coppa

Pace International Law Review

West Africa is presently home to approximately 1.5 million acres of cocoa farmland, which subsequently produces 70% of the world’s current chocolate supply. Côte d’Ivoire, also known as the Ivory Coast, is one of the largest cocoa producing countries within West Africa.

The increase of farmland and the need to control the deteriorating conditions have always created a demand for farm workers. Regrettably, more than 1.5 million cocoa farm workers in West Africa are currently children. These child workers are exposed to hazardous dust, flames, smoke, and chemicals, are required to utilize dangerous tools that they ...


Lack Of Subject Matter Jurisdiction Or Political Deferral: An Analysis Of Bragg V. West Virginia Coal Association, Crystal Moore 2021 University of Kentucky

Lack Of Subject Matter Jurisdiction Or Political Deferral: An Analysis Of Bragg V. West Virginia Coal Association, Crystal Moore

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Don't You Know That You're Toxic? Cercla Section 113(H) Challenges, Sovereign Immunity, And Perfluoroalkyl Substances In Pennsylvania Drinking Water In Giovanni V. Navy, Stephanie J. Oppenheim 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Don't You Know That You're Toxic? Cercla Section 113(H) Challenges, Sovereign Immunity, And Perfluoroalkyl Substances In Pennsylvania Drinking Water In Giovanni V. Navy, Stephanie J. Oppenheim

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Getting Away With Murder: How California State Law Determined Recovery In First Roundup Cancer Case Johnson V. Monsato Co., Eliza L. Quattlebaum 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Getting Away With Murder: How California State Law Determined Recovery In First Roundup Cancer Case Johnson V. Monsato Co., Eliza L. Quattlebaum

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Seeing Color: America's Judicial System, Elizabeth Poulin 2021 University of Rhode Island

Seeing Color: America's Judicial System, Elizabeth Poulin

Senior Honors Projects

In many eyes, it often seems as though being white in America is easy, or a privilege. Being white in America is considered a safety blanket, with an abundance of opportunities beneath it. Yet, how does a physical difference such as skin color manifest itself as privilege? Noticing color is not wrong, hateful, or oppressive. Even children notice color, and we define them as the ultimate innocence. But in fact, skin color is often a trigger. When the world has preconceived notions about people of color, an oppressive system designed to harm people who have never done anything to deserve ...


Determining The Constitutionality Of Public Aid To Parochial Schools After Espinoza, Anna Bryner 2021 Brigham Young University

Determining The Constitutionality Of Public Aid To Parochial Schools After Espinoza, Anna Bryner

Sigma: Journal of Political and International Studies

No abstract provided.


The Internet And The Hobbs Act: What’S The Connection?, Lucas G. Spremulli 2021 Boston College Law School

The Internet And The Hobbs Act: What’S The Connection?, Lucas G. Spremulli

Boston College Law Review

The Hobbs Act provides a federal alternative to traditional state robbery charges by criminalizing any robbery that affects interstate commerce. Courts have interpreted the Hobbs Act’s commerce element broadly, by requiring the government to demonstrate that a robbery had a de minimis effect on interstate commerce. With this standard, robberies of businesses generally satisfy the statute’s commerce element, but robberies of individuals often do not. This difference between a state and a federal robbery charge is significant, because the Hobbs Act generally carries substantially harsher penal sentences. This Note examines when the use of the internet in the ...


إنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم, 2021 United Arab Emirates University

إنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم

Journal Sharia and Law

تعليق على حكم محكمة العين الجنائية الابتدائية الصادر في 18/9/1991 في شقه المدنية والقاضي بإنابة القضاء القطري في تنفيذ الحكم

تعليق- غير محكم


Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professor Susan Carle In Support Of The Plaintiffs Arguing For Affirmance In Johnson And Tinker V. City Of Boston, Ma, Susan Carle 2021 American University Washington College of Law

Brief Of Amicus Curiae Professor Susan Carle In Support Of The Plaintiffs Arguing For Affirmance In Johnson And Tinker V. City Of Boston, Ma, Susan Carle

Amicus Briefs

This brief is being submitted by a law professor, Susan D. Carle, with more than 30 years of expertise in federal employment and antidiscrimination law, and especially the history and purposes of disparate impact law. She submits this brief to share her expertise with this Court. She is currently Professor of Law and Vice Dean of American University Washington College of Law (organizational affiliation is offered for identification purposes only).


Leslie Salt V. United States: Section 404 Jurisdiction Over Artificial Wetlands, Sylvia Cosby, Christopher Paul 2021 University of Kentucky

Leslie Salt V. United States: Section 404 Jurisdiction Over Artificial Wetlands, Sylvia Cosby, Christopher Paul

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Jurisdiction Over Water Quality On Native American Lands, Charlotte Uram, Mary J. Decker 2021 Landels, Ripley & Diamond

Jurisdiction Over Water Quality On Native American Lands, Charlotte Uram, Mary J. Decker

Journal of Natural Resources & Environmental Law

No abstract provided.


Federalism Limits On Non-Article Iii Adjudication, F. Andrew Hessick 2021 Pepperdine University

Federalism Limits On Non-Article Iii Adjudication, F. Andrew Hessick

Pepperdine Law Review

Although Article III of the Constitution vests the federal judicial power in the Article III courts, the Supreme Court has created a patchwork of exceptions permitting non-Article III tribunals to adjudicate various disputes. In doing so, the Court has focused on the separation of powers, concluding that these non-Article III adjudications do not unduly infringe on the judicial power of the Article III courts. But separation of powers is not the only consideration relevant to the lawfulness of non-Article III adjudication. Article I adjudications also implicate federalism. Permitting Article I tribunals threatens the role of state courts by expanding federal ...


“Drive-By” Jurisdiction: Congressional Oversight In Court, Daniel Epstein 2021 Pepperdine University

“Drive-By” Jurisdiction: Congressional Oversight In Court, Daniel Epstein

Pepperdine Law Review

On July 9, 2020, in Trump v. Mazars USA, LLP and Trump v. Deutsche Bank AG, the Supreme Court held that the lower courts did not adequately consider the separation of powers concerns attendant to congressional subpoenas for presidential information. Given that the question presented in Mazars concerned whether Congress had a legitimate legislative purpose in subpoenaing the President’s personal records, the Supreme Court’s decision is anything but a model of clarity. The Court simultaneously opined that disputes “involving nonprivileged, private information” “do[ ] not implicate sensitive Executive Branch deliberations” while claiming “congressional subpoenas for the President’s information ...


Consent By Registration: The "Back-Door Thief", Nate Arrington 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Consent By Registration: The "Back-Door Thief", Nate Arrington

Arkansas Law Review

Consider this personal jurisdiction quandary: A growing Arizona company wants to start expanding into other states. The company is incorporated in Delaware and has its principal place of business in Arizona. It decides to make the leap and begins registering to do business in a few surrounding states, including New Mexico. The registration seems straightforward and does not mention anything about jurisdiction. After the registration, but before conducting any business in New Mexico, a Kentucky resident decides to sue the Arizona-based corporation. The suit is based on an alleged tort occurring in Utah, and the plaintiff files the lawsuit in ...


The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, Olivia Merritt 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

The Wall That Trumps Environmental Law: A Review Of The Environmental And Legal Implications Of The U.S.-Mexico Border Wall, Olivia Merritt

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Toto, I'Ve A Feeling The Environment Isn't Safe From Cryptocurrency Anymore: The Degrading Ecological Effects Of Bitcoin And Digital Currencies, Samantha T. Edgell 2021 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Toto, I'Ve A Feeling The Environment Isn't Safe From Cryptocurrency Anymore: The Degrading Ecological Effects Of Bitcoin And Digital Currencies, Samantha T. Edgell

Villanova Environmental Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Ukraine V. The Russian Federation: Navigating Conflict Over Sovereignty Under Unclos, Nilüfer Oral 2021 National University Singapore

Ukraine V. The Russian Federation: Navigating Conflict Over Sovereignty Under Unclos, NilüFer Oral

International Law Studies

Following Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, or according to Russia, its accession following a referendum, Ukraine brought several international cases against the Russian Federation, including two cases under Annex VII of UNCLOS: The Dispute Concerning Coastal State Rights in the Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Kerch Strait in 2016 and The Detention of Three Ukrainian Naval Vessels in 2019. At the center of these disputes is the conflict between Ukraine and Russia over sovereignty of Crimea. Russia contested jurisdiction in all cases invoking different exceptions under UNCLOS, including the argument that the dispute concerns sovereignty over Crimea ...


The Applicable Law To The Divorce Of Moroccans Residing Abroad And Its Effects, Abdul Samad Abbou 2021 PhD in Private Law, Research Professor at the University of Moulay Ismail, Multi-disciplinary College, Errachidia

The Applicable Law To The Divorce Of Moroccans Residing Abroad And Its Effects, Abdul Samad Abbou

Journal Sharia and Law

Divorce is one of the most systems that embodies conflict of laws, which reflected negatively on the organization of divorce Moroccan immigrants, and on the stability of the European community, especially the European judiciary had ruled out the application of the Personal Status Code on divorce for being in breach of the defense and the principle of liberty and equality rights between men and women, which It violates the legal systems of these countries, which derives its authority from the international human rights conventions, and the evolution of the points of attachment in Europe to renounce citizenship officer contributed to ...


Egyptian Public Law Judge: Reviewing Public Economic Policies From Nationalization To Privatization, omar el menshawy 2021 American University in Cairo

Egyptian Public Law Judge: Reviewing Public Economic Policies From Nationalization To Privatization, Omar El Menshawy

Theses and Dissertations

Do public law judges play a role in public economic policies in Egypt? Egypt has witnessed rough changes, leading to the adoption of different public economic policies. Public law judges have played a key role in these economic shifts. However, the efficacy of this role is pending on the satisfaction or dissatisfaction of the government with the courts and the judicial decisions. This paper argues that the government posses the upper hand in dealing with the judicial influence in economic issues in Egypt. The paper scrutinizes the transformation in the judicial attitude towards government economic policies. Specifically, the paper demarcates ...


United States Food Law Update: The Fda Food Safety Modernization Act, Obesity And Deceptive Labeling Enforcement, A. Bryan Endres, Nicholas R. Johnson 2021 University of Illinois

United States Food Law Update: The Fda Food Safety Modernization Act, Obesity And Deceptive Labeling Enforcement, A. Bryan Endres, Nicholas R. Johnson

Journal of Food Law & Policy

The long-awaited enactment of the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA), the most significant amendment to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act in several decades, provides the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with significantly enhanced jurisdiction to close some of the gaps in the domestic food safety system. The enhanced FDA authority, however, will have little impact on the shared governance system at the federal level that involves multiple agencies, as the Act does not address the U.S. General Accounting Office's (GAO) repeated calls for consolidation of the fragmented federal food safety system. Rather, the Act perpetuates ...


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