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Does The Death Penalty Still Matter: Reflections Of A Death Row Lawyer, David I. Bruck 2023 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Does The Death Penalty Still Matter: Reflections Of A Death Row Lawyer, David I. Bruck

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

This talk was given by Professor David Bruck for the Frances Lewis Law Center at Washington and Lee University School of Law, April, 2002. It is a follow-up to “Does the Death Penalty Matter?,” given by Professor Bruck as the 1990 Ralph E. Shikes Lecture at Harvard Law School.


The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler 2023 University of Baltimore School of Law

The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

Through the centuries, capital punishment and torture have been used by monarchs, authoritarian regimes, and judicial systems around the world. Although torture is now expressly outlawed by international law, capital punishment—questioned by Quakers in the seventeenth century and by the Italian philosopher Cesare Beccaria and many others in the following century—has been authorized over time by various legislative bodies, including in the United States. It was Beccaria’s book, Dei delitti e delle pene (1764), translated into French and then into English as An Essay on Crimes and Punishments (1767), that fueled the still-ongoing international movement to outlaw the death penalty. …


Severe Mental Illness And The Death Penalty: A Menu Of Legislative Options, Richard J. Bonnie 2023 rbonnie@virginia.edu

Severe Mental Illness And The Death Penalty: A Menu Of Legislative Options, Richard J. Bonnie

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

In 2003, the American Bar Association established a Task Force on Mental Disability and the Death Penalty to further specify and implement the Supreme Court’s ruling banning execution of persons with intellectual disability and to consider an analogous ban against imposing the death penalty on defendants with severe mental disorders. The Task Force established formal links with the American Psychological Association, the American Psychiatric Association, and the National Alliance on Mental Illness and the final report was approved by the ABA and the participating organizations in 2005 and 2006. This brief article focuses primarily on diminished responsibility at the time …


The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker 2023 Harvard Law School

The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

The American death penalty finds itself in an unusual position. On the ground, the practice is weaker than at any other time in our history. Eleven jurisdictions have abandoned the death penalty over the past fifteen years, almost doubling the number of states without the punishment (twenty-three). Executions have declined substantially, totaling twenty-five or fewer a year nationwide for the past six years, compared to an average of seventy-seven a year during the six-year span around the millennium (1997-2002). Most tellingly, death sentences have fallen off a cliff, with fewer the fifty death sentences a year nationwide over the past …


Typing A Terrorist Attack: Using Tools From The War On Terror To Fight The War On Ransomware, Jake C. Porath 2023 Pepperdine University

Typing A Terrorist Attack: Using Tools From The War On Terror To Fight The War On Ransomware, Jake C. Porath

Pepperdine Law Review

The United States faces a grave challenge in its fight against cyberattacks from abroad. Chief among the foreign cyber threats comes from a finite number of “ransomware-as-a-service” gangs, which are responsible for extorting billions of dollars from American citizens and companies annually. Prosecuting these cybercriminals has proven exceedingly difficult. Law enforcement often struggles to forensically trace ransomware attacks, which makes identifying and prosecuting the perpetrators challenging. Moreover, even when prosecutors can identify the perpetrators of these attacks, the ransomware gangs are headquartered in foreign adversarial nations that do not extradite criminals to the United States. Finally, ransomware gangs are governed …


Elder Abuse In Canada: Dimensions And Policy Responses, Taylor Marekovic 2023 University of Windsor

Elder Abuse In Canada: Dimensions And Policy Responses, Taylor Marekovic

Major Papers

Elder abuse and neglect continues to be a gray area when it comes to convicting perpetrators such as family, friends, strangers, and caregivers who commit any form of physical, psychological, financial, neglect, or sexual abuse towards an elder. This is due to the legal definition being vague and non-transparent. The legal and health systems rely on two different definitions of what is deemed to be elder abuse and neglect in Canada when reviewing or assessing allegations of such abuse. Elder abuse and neglect increased throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, during which Ontario and the rest of Canada experienced staffing shortages in …


Crying Wolves, Paper Tigers, And Busy Beavers—Oh My!: A New Approach To Pro Se Prisoner Litigation, Justin C. Van Orsdol 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Crying Wolves, Paper Tigers, And Busy Beavers—Oh My!: A New Approach To Pro Se Prisoner Litigation, Justin C. Van Orsdol

Arkansas Law Review

To say that the United States is infatuated with incarceration would be a gross understatement. As a result of “tough on-crime” laws, the United States has “the largest prison population in the world, with more than 2.3 million persons behind bars on any given day” and it “also has the world’s highest per capita rate of incarceration” with a rate that is “five to ten times higher than those of other industrialized democracies like England and Wales . . . . Canada . . . , and Sweden.” Due in part to prison population increases, the conditions of U.S. prisons …


Re-Examining The Landscape Of Employee Drug-Testing In Missouri Post-Amendment 3, Paige Hume 2023 Saint Louis University School of Law

Re-Examining The Landscape Of Employee Drug-Testing In Missouri Post-Amendment 3, Paige Hume

SLU Law Journal Online

In November 2022, Missouri residents voted to ratify Amendment 3 to the state constitution and make the recreational use of marijuana legal. Yet, Missouri is one of only a few states that does not have protections for private employment drug testing. In this article, Paige Hume discusses the landscape of employment drug testing in Missouri, as well as the impact of the new amendment on workers.


Routine Activities And Their Relationship To Crime Among Community Members In Ramallah And Al-Bireh, Younes Ahmed Rabee, Ayed Awad Al-Wareikat 2023 University of Jordan

Routine Activities And Their Relationship To Crime Among Community Members In Ramallah And Al-Bireh, Younes Ahmed Rabee, Ayed Awad Al-Wareikat

Journal of the Association of Arab Universities for Research in Higher Education (مجلة اتحاد الجامعات العربية (للبحوث في التعليم العالي

The study aimed to identify the practical routine activities of individuals and their daily routine activities and their relationship with their being victims of crime, and used the qualitative descriptive approach by conducting fifty personal interviews with victims of crime of all kinds in the past years 2020 in Ramallah and A Bireh governorate, and reached The study found, notably the existence of a relationship between the practical routine activities of individuals of victims of various crimes and their occurrence in crime, and the absence of a relationship between the daily routine activities of victims of various crimes and their …


Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Representative offices are present in Indonesia in order to meet the needs of global economic growth in all countries. Multinational companies expand their business to other countries through relocation policies. The aim is none other than an effort to reduce production costs through a number of comparative advantages possessed by Indonesia as well as seizing such a large market for these products, and through this way multinational companies benefit. The presence of representative offices in Indonesia is regulated by Presidential Decree Number 90 of 2000 concerning Representative Offices of Foreign Companies. Through the Presidential Decree, the government limits the scope …


Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Transfer Pricing refers to pricing transaction within and between enterprises situated in different countries and belong to the same multinational group. Cross-border transaction inevitably affects international taxation, especially when multinational enterprises encounter two or more countries that apply different tax collection systems. Consequently, a Tax Treaty (Perjanjian Penghindaran Pajak Berganda/P3B) is made to resolve issues involving double taxation. However, since the Tax Treaty’s benefits vary by country, the investors or companies tend to abuse the agreement in order to gain the most profitable benefits or incentives. Abusing the benefits of Tax Treaty (P3B) could be categorized as an act against …


Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Amendments to Law No. 4 of 2009 became Law No. 4 of 2009 withdrawing almost all local government authority into central authority. Leaving room for delegation of some of the authority of the Central Government to provincial regional governments for the issuance of IPR and SIPB, even district-city governments no longer have space for authority over coal mineral mining matters. the authority of provincial or district/city regional governments in mining affairs, is a concurrent matter which in its handling involves the central government and regional governments, withdraws most of the authority and does not involve regional governments, of course it …


Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Sexual violence in Indonesia has caused a public’s worry. The bill on the elimination of sexual violence (RUU PKS) is considered very important to be passed. Purpose of this article is to analyze the suitability of the principles in the RUU PKS with Indonesian act of Formulation of Laws and Regulation Number 12 of 2011 (UU P3). The method used in writing this article uses the normative legal research. Results of this study are formal principles in the anti sexual violence bill is appropriate with the UU P3 except the principle of openness. Likewise with the material principles in the …


Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Law Number 37 of 2004 (UUK-PKPU) is a refinement of the old bankruptcy regulation of Faillissementsverordening (Fv) and Law Number 4 of 1998 (UUK). Completion is done in order to meet the needs and solve problems that arise in connection with bankruptcy. However, despite the changes and improvements to the regulation, there are still problems that arise, especially in accelerating the timing of debt collection (acceleration). In the UKK and Fv acceleration is not regulated normatively. So the judge has the discretion to make the discovery of the law differently in each case. In UUK-PKPU acceleration found in the explanation …


Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper discusses the application of pre-emptive rights over tax debt collection in bankruptcy disputes regulated in Article 41 paragraph (3) of Law Number 37 of 2004 concerning the Bankruptcy and Deferral of Debt Payment Obligations displayed by the Directorate General of Taxes. Tax debts outside the bankruptcy process for compulsory taxes are being filed for bankruptcy by requesting the Commercial Court to return all tax liabilities that would harm the interests of the country. In the event that a taxpayer has been declared bankrupt, the Directorate General of Taxes still has the right to overtake and is privileged, requesting …


Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The purpose of this paper is to find out and analyze the position of Indirect evidence used by KPPU in the completion of cartel practices in Indonesia and to analyze indirect evidence in terms of systems of verification in Indonesia. The research method used in this writing is a method of legal research that is prescriptive. The position of Indirect Evidence or evidence in the process of evidence can be accepted as evidence in proof of a cartel case and is evidence that must support the occurrence of alleged cartel practices in terms of price fixing and this indirect evidence …


Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity prices at harvest by storing farmers' harvests in the warehouse. The building manager will issue a Warehouse Receipt as proof of ownership of the goods stored as collateral for the debt that can be transferred by the inventory collateral. Therefore, the government Act No. 9 of 2011 concerning Amendment to Law No. 9 of 2006 concerning the Warehouse Receipt System (SRG Law). This research seeks to answer can the warehouse receipt provisions …


Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

With the present development of technology and the internet, everything has been made easier. One sector that is affected by the development of information and communication technology is Banking, an economic sub-sector that mobilizes public funds. Behind the convenience obtained from the use of Internet Banking, there are also risks that can be used in the use of this service, among others, many violations of law regarding personal data via the Internet and also regarding financial risks suffered by bank customers in the use of Internet Banking The IT criminals cause the Banking industry to be able to prepare security …


Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The case of mangrove damage on the South Coast of West Sumatra in 2016-2017 where the defendant was a Deputy Regent who owned land in the Nagari Mandeh area, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatra. The land was built without an environmental permit. The absence of an environmental permit has emerged because of the mangrove damage. This paper focuses on the absence of environmental permits because there is no stipulation on the types of businesses that are required to have UKL / UPL which should be stipulated by a regional regulation (Perda) by the Regional Government of the Pesisir Selatan Regency. This …


Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani 2023 Universitas Indonesia

Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Environmental law enforcement by regional governments in the context of regional autonomy is an important part of realizing quality environmental protection and management through the formation of regional legal policies. Regional legal policies regarding the protection and management of life-based on statutory regulations at the central level also influence the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the regions. This article aims to review the pattern of environmental law enforcement based on the Law on Environmental Protection and Management, the Regional Government Law, and the Job Creation Act, and discusses the relationship between the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the …


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