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Wild Gentlemen And Terrible Savages; Hungarian Travellers In Borneo In The Nineteenth Century, Gábor Pusztai 2024 University of Debrecen, Hungary

Wild Gentlemen And Terrible Savages; Hungarian Travellers In Borneo In The Nineteenth Century, Gábor Pusztai

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

In the nineteenth century most of Borneo was terra incognita; an area still to be mapped. In the writings of European travellers, the indigenous people were portrayed as stereotypes. In this article, I briefly examine the representation of the indigenous in the texts of three Western European travellers: the German Karl Bernhard von Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach (1792-1862), commander of the Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL), Ida Pfeiffer (1797-1858), an Austrian traveller, and the Norwegian traveller Carl Bock (1848-1932). I then analyse the texts of three Hungarian travellers: the traveller and scientist, János Xántus (1825-1894), the Hungarian aristocrat and author, Manó Andrássy (1821-1891), …


A Masculine Housewife With Taste; Austrian Traveller Ida Pfeiffer In The Netherlands East Indies (1851-1853), Rick Honings 2024 Leiden University Centre for the Arts in Society (LUCAS), the Netherlands

A Masculine Housewife With Taste; Austrian Traveller Ida Pfeiffer In The Netherlands East Indies (1851-1853), Rick Honings

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

In the spring of 1851, Austrian traveller and writer Ida Laura Pfeiffer (1797-1858) embarked on her second trip around the world. Her overseas travels also took her to the Netherlands East Indies (now Indonesia): to Borneo (now Kalimantan), Java, Sumatra, and Celenbes (now Sulawesi). She described her experiences in her book Mijne tweede reis rondom de wereld (1856b), the Dutch translation of her German book Meine zweite Weltreise (1856a, ‘My second world tour’). In the last decades, much has been written about the perspective of female travel authors. On the one hand, nineteenth-century Western women travellers were curtailed because of …


Under Sundanese Eyes; Raden Ajoe Abdoerachman’S Journey To Europe, Atep Kurnia 2024 Independent researcher

Under Sundanese Eyes; Raden Ajoe Abdoerachman’S Journey To Europe, Atep Kurnia

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

This article examines the travel account written by Raden Ajoe Abdoerachman, the wife of a senior native official, the Regent of Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara), Raden Aria Abdoerachman, who, with his family, was sent at the expense of the colonial government to the Netherlands to study agricultural practices in 1928. The account shows the colonial subject’s admiration for and mimicry of European behaviour and practices, but occasional ironic comments show her ambivalence towards some institutions in the Netherlands while at the same time she also criticises unfair representations of Indonesia.


Letters Of Indonesian Nationalist Sjahrir To His Beloved Maria Duchâteau; A Transcultural Case Of Travel Writing, Kees Snoek 2024 Sorbonne Université, France

Letters Of Indonesian Nationalist Sjahrir To His Beloved Maria Duchâteau; A Transcultural Case Of Travel Writing, Kees Snoek

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

The letters Indonesian nationalist Sjahrir wrote between 1932 and 1940 to his Dutch beloved Maria Duchâteau illustrate a transcultural case of travel writing. They also illustrate how much he was convinced that Western ideas and attitudes could assist Indonesian people to develop and gain sufficient self-confidence to shake off the colonial yoke. Born into an elite Minangkabau family, Sjahrir studied in Java and The Netherlands, before taking up campaigning for a non-cooperative political party which emphasized the importance of education. This article discusses the period between early 1932 and 26 February 1934, before Sjahrir’s arrest and following imprisonment and exile. …


The Colonial Encounter Told Twice; Parallel Accounts Of Carl Bock’S 1879 Expedition To Borneo, Mikko Toivanen 2024 Freie Universität Berlin, Germany

The Colonial Encounter Told Twice; Parallel Accounts Of Carl Bock’S 1879 Expedition To Borneo, Mikko Toivanen

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

When the Scandinavian explorer Carl Bock, commissioned by the Dutch colonial authorities, undertook to make an expedition overland through Borneo in 1879, the island retained a sense of the exotic in the European imagination. Audiences were especially hungry for tales of the island’s headhunting Dayak inhabitants, a demand that Bock was happy to meet. In fact, he wrote two distinct narratives of the expedition: the Dutch-language report he had been tasked to write for the Dutch but also a longer, more entertainment-focused English-language travelogue for a broader audience. Comparing the two accounts, clearly based on the same underlying text but …


Between Tourist And Traveller; The Reverend Marius Buys In The Preanger (1887-1890), Achmad Sunjayadi 2024 Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia

Between Tourist And Traveller; The Reverend Marius Buys In The Preanger (1887-1890), Achmad Sunjayadi

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

This article presents the postcolonial analysis of the travel account and guidebook of Marius Buys (1837-1906), a Dutch clergyman. He not only devoted himself as a priest but also travelled in several parts of the Dutch East Indies, such as Java, Sumatra, and Sulawesi in the years 1878-1885. After returning to the Netherlands due to illness in 1885, he returned to the Indies in 1886 and was assigned to Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Java. In May 1887 he posted in Bandung West Java (the Preanger regencies), where he remained until his return to the Netherlands in 1890. As a result of …


A Shot In The Volcano; A Humorous Travelogue About Java By Dé-Lilah (1896), Olf Praamstra 2024 Leiden University

A Shot In The Volcano; A Humorous Travelogue About Java By Dé-Lilah (1896), Olf Praamstra

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

In 1899 Dé-Lilah, pseudonym of Lucy van Renesse-Johnston (1862-1906), published a travel story in two parts, Mevrouw Klausine Klobben op Java (Mrs Klausine Klobben on Java). It was an account of an early tourist trip she had made in 1896. According to Van Renesse, she undertook her journey to do environmental research on Java as well as ethnographic research on the native and European inhabitants of the island. But that was just a pretext for a woman who travelled alone to climb volcanoes, visit shrines and talk to the various inhabitants of Java. She was able to do so because …


Tourist Cycling Trips In The Tropics; The Ideological Landscape Of Recreational Bike Rides In The Former Netherlands East Indies At The End Of The Nineteenth Century, Nick Tomberge 2024 Universiteit Leiden

Tourist Cycling Trips In The Tropics; The Ideological Landscape Of Recreational Bike Rides In The Former Netherlands East Indies At The End Of The Nineteenth Century, Nick Tomberge

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

Although previous research shows that the introduction of bicycles drove recreational travel in Western Europe, North America, and Australia, to this day, little is known about tourist cycling in other parts of the world. Nevertheless, a broader geographical context is desirable: the study of the early days of tourist cycling in former European colonies in Southeast Asia can enhance our understanding of the strong political dimensions of tourist travel in a colonial context, as it is interconnected with the project of imperialism, technological change, and modernity. This article examines the early days of tourist cycling in the former Netherlands East …


Suryadi (2023), "Baginda Dahlan Abdoellah; Konteks Sejarah Dan Kisah Hidup 'Hulpleraar' Bahasa Melayu Pertama Di Universiteit Leiden Dan Aktivis Perhimpunan Hindia", Abd Rahman Hamid 2024 Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung, Indonesia

Suryadi (2023), "Baginda Dahlan Abdoellah; Konteks Sejarah Dan Kisah Hidup 'Hulpleraar' Bahasa Melayu Pertama Di Universiteit Leiden Dan Aktivis Perhimpunan Hindia", Abd Rahman Hamid

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

No abstract provided.


Jane Ahlstrand (2022), "Women, Media, And Power In Indonesia", Ani Widyani Soetjipto, Arnold A.E. Masinambow 2024 Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Indonesia

Jane Ahlstrand (2022), "Women, Media, And Power In Indonesia", Ani Widyani Soetjipto, Arnold A.E. Masinambow

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

No abstract provided.


Preface, Editors Wacana 2024 Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia

Preface, Editors Wacana

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

No abstract provided.


Cross-Cultural Encounters Of Italian Travellers In The Malay World; A Perspective On The Languages Spoken By The Local Populations, Antonia Soriente 2024 Department of Asian, African, and Mediterranean studies, University of Napoli “L’Orientale”, Italy

Cross-Cultural Encounters Of Italian Travellers In The Malay World; A Perspective On The Languages Spoken By The Local Populations, Antonia Soriente

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

This paper describes the encounters that Italian travellers, explorers, and traders had with the peoples of the Malay world at the turn of the century. In particular, it focuses on the linguistic descriptions and observations made by Italian explorers of the languages spoken in the places they visited and included in their travel writings. In addition to the pioneering work of Pigafetta, the Italian scribe who followed Magellan on his voyage around the world and produced the first “Italian-Malay vocabulary” in 1521, other linguistic descriptions and observations were made by Giovanni Gaggino, a merchant who compiled an Italian-Malay dictionary in …


Cross-Cultural Encounters In Polish And Russian Travelogues About Colonial Indonesia, 1870s-1910s, Tomasz Ewertowski 2024 Shanghai International Studies University, China

Cross-Cultural Encounters In Polish And Russian Travelogues About Colonial Indonesia, 1870s-1910s, Tomasz Ewertowski

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

This article explores cross-cultural encounters and identities discourses in selected Polish and Russian travelogues about the Netherlands East Indies. Poles and Russians could travel to the Netherlands East Indies thanks to advantages afforded Europeans by the colonial system. Their occupations (for example, a privileged tourist, colonial scientist, diplomat) often made them suitable imperial agents. They defined themselves as Europeans but, as Eastern Europeans, they occupied an ambiguous position: Russians came from a land-based, economically backward “empire of the periphery“ (Boris Kagarlitsky 2008); Poles came from a semi-peripheral European nation subjected to foreign rule and, from their common experience of subjugation, …


Wandering Through The Exotic Battle Zone; American Journalists’ Travel Accounts Of Indonesia During The Dutch-Indonesian War, Muhammad Yuanda Zara 2024 History Study Programme, Yogyakarta State University, Indonesia

Wandering Through The Exotic Battle Zone; American Journalists’ Travel Accounts Of Indonesia During The Dutch-Indonesian War, Muhammad Yuanda Zara

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

This study analyses rarely examined English-language reportage and travel accounts on Indonesia created by two American journalists, Johnny Florea (Life) and Robert Sherrod (Time), after their visits to Indonesia between late-1945 and early-1946. The study finds that the travel accounts deliver a commentary on the course of the Dutch-Indonesian war and reveal the journalists’ fascination with Indonesian society and nature as well as their sympathy with Indonesians’ struggle for independence. However, the accounts also show that, as Westerners, they are guilty of various inaccuracies, a lack of knowledge, and cultural judgements rooted in the colonial past. It …


"Merdeka"! And The Dynamics Of Extreme Violence; The First Year Of The Indonesian Revolution Through The Eyes Of Three Dutch Journalists, Coen van 't Veer 2024 Leiden University, the Netherlands

"Merdeka"! And The Dynamics Of Extreme Violence; The First Year Of The Indonesian Revolution Through The Eyes Of Three Dutch Journalists, Coen Van 'T Veer

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

In the first year after World War II, there was a power vacuum in Indonesia. The Indonesians had declared their independence. The Allies had assigned the administration of the former Dutch colony to the British. The Dutch thought they could continue their colonial ambitions. It was a year of utter chaos and extreme violence. While most Dutch journalists remained in Jakarta, three went to the war zones: two of them as reporters and the other as a soldier. The analysis of three texts on the first year of the Indonesian War of Independence by Dutch eyewitnesses shows the importance of …


Preface, Editors Wacana 2024 Faculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia

Preface, Editors Wacana

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

No abstract provided.


Sexualizing And Pathologizing The Other; Reading Doctor Julius Karel Jacobs’S Travel Account To Bali In The Nineteenth Century, Gani A. Jaelani 2024 Universitas Padjadjaran

Sexualizing And Pathologizing The Other; Reading Doctor Julius Karel Jacobs’S Travel Account To Bali In The Nineteenth Century, Gani A. Jaelani

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

Since their arrival in the seventeenth century, through the nature of their calling – from the examination of the sick and efforts to acquire knowledge of local medicines – European physicians in the Netherlands East Indies inevitably encountered the local people and their customs. When contact intensified with more frequent journeys into the hinterland, these physicians produced knowledge of the natural world, the culture, and the customs of the region. However, when reading, the travel account of Doctor Julius Karel Jacobs, a Dutch colonial official physician to Bali in 1881, we are offered another perspective. This article discusses how the …


Setting Sails To Sundry Shores; Transnational Memories Of The Netherlands East Indies In The Eyes Of Danish Writer Aage Krarup Nielsen, Arnoud Arps 2024 University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands

Setting Sails To Sundry Shores; Transnational Memories Of The Netherlands East Indies In The Eyes Of Danish Writer Aage Krarup Nielsen, Arnoud Arps

Wacana, Journal of the Humanities of Indonesia

The Danish travel writer Aage Krarup Nielsen (1891-1972) journeyed to the Netherlands East Indies on multiple occasions. Even though his translated work was popular in the Netherlands and beyond, so far it has been paid scant attention in the fields of travel-writing studies and the study of Netherlands Indies literature. Yet, it is valuable in its views on transnational power dynamics within the Netherlands East Indies society. This article examines two distinct patterns in Krarup Nielsen’s 1928 travelogue, Mellem kannibaler og paradisfugle (Between cannibals and birds of paradise): the comparisons he makes between the different ethnicities and nationalities …


Afterword And After The Ward: The Poetry Cure, Abriana Jette, Margarita Sverdlova 2024 Kean University

Afterword And After The Ward: The Poetry Cure, Abriana Jette, Margarita Sverdlova

Journal of Creative Writing Studies

What impact might poetry have on an individual's psychosomatic system? This piece connects current research in occupational therapy with the acts of writing, listening, and reading poetry.


Perceptions Of Emergency Physician Professionalism Among Healthcare Providers And Patients: A Multicenter Study In Thailand And The Us, Khuansiri Narajeenron MD, MHPE, Tanawat Tarapan MD, Jasmina Dukovic, Krongkarn Sutham MD, Intanon Imsuwan MD, Ar-aishah Dadeh MD, Tanyaporn Nakornchai MD, Deena Bengiamin MD, Bharath Chakravarthy MD, MPH, Craig Anderson PhD, MPH, Somchit Eiam-Ong PhD, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont MD, MS 2024 Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, The Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand

Perceptions Of Emergency Physician Professionalism Among Healthcare Providers And Patients: A Multicenter Study In Thailand And The Us, Khuansiri Narajeenron Md, Mhpe, Tanawat Tarapan Md, Jasmina Dukovic, Krongkarn Sutham Md, Intanon Imsuwan Md, Ar-Aishah Dadeh Md, Tanyaporn Nakornchai Md, Deena Bengiamin Md, Bharath Chakravarthy Md, Mph, Craig Anderson Phd, Mph, Somchit Eiam-Ong Phd, Wirachin Hoonpongsimanont Md, Ms

Chulalongkorn Medical Journal

Background: Universal standards for emergency physician professionalism (EPP) amongst different groups of healthcare workers do not exist.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of EPP among attending physicians (APs), emergency medicine (EM) residents, first- and fourth-year medical students (MS1s and MS4s, respectively), EM nurses and emergency department (ED) patients.

Methods: A multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted at seven university-based EDs in Thailand and the US from July 2016 - January 2018. We created 39 cards (13 core elements) describing behaviors derived from a global literature review. Subjects ranked each card from the most to least important for …


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