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Time Decay: Assets, Authoritarianism, And Anxiety About The Future, Jack Davies 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Time Decay: Assets, Authoritarianism, And Anxiety About The Future, Jack Davies

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article identifies a basic formula in the Freudo-Marxist take on twentieth-century authoritarianism. This is the incommensurability of inherited past development with the pace and demands of industrial social life, damming up a tremendous excess that seeks reactionary outlet. Authoritarianism, here, breeds in the contradiction between the symptoms of the Oedipal drama and the commodity form. The implicit “repressive hypothesis” for sexuality and developmentalist teleology make this theorization of authoritarian formations untenable today. This article, however, identifies moments of promise in this literature, and turns to materials available to these thinkers—specifically interwar psychoanalytic theory on anxiety and economic theory ...


Defending “Western” Values: Reactionary Neoliberalism In The Americas, Gabriela Segura-Ballar 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Defending “Western” Values: Reactionary Neoliberalism In The Americas, Gabriela Segura-Ballar

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Right-wing populism and authoritarianism are on the rise globally after the financial crisis of 2008. This reactionary trend has widely channeled anxieties created by neoliberal insecurities into cultural and nationalistic backlash against the ostensible enemies of “Western” values (e.g., immigrants, racial and sexual minorities, feminists, and leftists). President Jair Bolsonaro’s “Brazil above everything, God above everyone” and President Donald Trump’s “Make America Great Again” are the most conspicuous examples of the resurgence of a populist reactionary right in the Americas. This continental trend promotes ultra-nationalism and more coercive neoliberalization processes combined with a reactionary authoritarianism that celebrates ...


Incipient Fascism: Black Radical Perspectives, Alberto Toscano 2021 Goldsmiths, University of London

Incipient Fascism: Black Radical Perspectives, Alberto Toscano

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

The sordid twilight of the Trump presidency raised the stakes of the debate on fascism. While much of the discussion has been magnetised by the legitimacy of analogies with the 1930s, this article argues that a rich and complex tradition of Black radical critique of right-wing authoritarianism provides a vital resource for thinking through the problem of US fascism beyond analogy – beginning with the DuBoisian insight that a racial fascism forged by chattel slavery and settler-colonialism anticipated the ascendancy of European fascisms. The article homes in on Black radical theories of fascism developed in the wake of the movements and ...


Neo-Authoritarianism And The Contestation Of White Identification In The Us, Justin Gilmore 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Neo-Authoritarianism And The Contestation Of White Identification In The Us, Justin Gilmore

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Justin Gilmore’s article "Neo-Authoritarianism and the Contestation of White Identification in the US" examines how the political forces around Donald Trump are often interpreted as an external attack on American democracy, and how the dynamism of these attacks is thought to emanate from various sites of white chauvinism. This article argues that such an interpretation is partial. The upsurge associated with “Trumpism” represents a distinctive contestation of an alternative type of white identity, one that has been elemental for a progressive form of neoliberalism. Although the neoliberal construction of white identification is distinctive, and indeed kinder, its material basis ...


Neo-Authoritarianism Without Authority, Massimiliano Tomba 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Neo-Authoritarianism Without Authority, Massimiliano Tomba

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article examines two aspects of neo-authoritarianism. The first is mainly diagnostic and concerns the nature of authoritarianism as a phenomenon of transition. The article investigates tensions and conflicts between temporalities. It pays attention to the asynchronous nature of change which, alongside the social structural level of changes, also the psycho-social level, intervene politically in different forms. There are social strata that are strangers in their own country and do not share the same present with others. For them, looking to the past is the only way to imagine a different future. If they are looking for values and authority ...


A Trumpian Mechanism, Emmett Peixoto 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

A Trumpian Mechanism, Emmett Peixoto

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In 2016, a liar made a hypocrite appear worse and thereby won the US presidency. How did a liar, which is traditionally deemed something worse than a hypocrite, manage to do this? This article offers an answer. It does so by uncovering a peculiar mechanism, a Trumpian mechanism, at the heart of Trump’s relations with his critics. The mechanism explains how Trump benefited from wrong-footing his critics and is thus essential for understanding Trump’s success. The article offers a few key examples of this mechanism working against Trump’s political opponents, e.g., Trump’s (first) impeachment. It ...


Authoritarianism And Ideology, Asad Haider 2021 Purdue University

Authoritarianism And Ideology, Asad Haider

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In “Authoritarianism and Ideology,” Asad Haider approaches the problem of authoritarianism by considering the classical question of tyranny, as framed by Spinoza, and how this can be traced to the Marxist theory of ideology. A fundamental axis of the debate over ideology in twentieth century Marxism was the phenomenon of fascism, theorized in highly influential but also markedly different ways by figures like Wilhelm Reich and Theodor Adorno. A close reading of two major texts—Reich's Mass Psychology of Fascism and Adorno's contributions to The Authoritarian Personality—provides a basis for conceptually elaborating different directions that can be ...


Introduction: New Faces Of Authoritarianism, Asad Haider, Massimiliano Tomba 2021 Viewpoint Magazine

Introduction: New Faces Of Authoritarianism, Asad Haider, Massimiliano Tomba

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Covid-19 On Elementary Students' Use Of Language Online, Emma Polen 2021 Duquesne University

Effect Of Covid-19 On Elementary Students' Use Of Language Online, Emma Polen

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

The COVID-19 pandemic ushered in an unprecedented period of online communication among children. This paper aims to exemplify how the reliance on digital communication platforms compelled by COVID-19 affected elementary students’ use of language. Within the study, children used primarily visual language on digital sites with friends. There were two main forms of primary research in this study. The first consisted of a survey of 16 parents of elementary school children in my school district. The second was an observation of Zoom chat room activity among three eight-year-olds. Both methods of conducting research build on the existing understanding that digital ...


Improving Reader Motivation With Machine Learning, Tanner A. Bohn 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Improving Reader Motivation With Machine Learning, Tanner A. Bohn

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis focuses on the problem of increasing reading motivation with machine learning (ML). The act of reading is central to modern human life, and there is much to be gained by improving the reading experience. For example, the internal reading motivation of students, especially their interest and enjoyment in reading, are important factors in their academic success.

There are many topics in natural language processing (NLP) which can be applied to improving the reading experience in terms of readability, comprehension, reading speed, motivation, etc. Such topics include personalized recommendation, headline optimization, text simplification, and many others. However, to the ...


Storytelling As Inclusive Teaching Strategy, Novia Pagone, Kerri Morris, Deborah James 2021 Governors State University

Storytelling As Inclusive Teaching Strategy, Novia Pagone, Kerri Morris, Deborah James

GSU Research Day

No abstract provided.


Correlation Between Reading Motivation And Engagement And Student Reading Outcomes In Title One Elementary Schools, TaShenna Renee Wiggins 2021 Liberty University

Correlation Between Reading Motivation And Engagement And Student Reading Outcomes In Title One Elementary Schools, Tashenna Renee Wiggins

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The following research described a correlational study to examine whether there was correlation between reading motivation and reading engagement on students’ outcomes on the HMH Reading Inventory® in Title I schools for students reading below grade level in grades three through five. Additionally, the research indicated the importance of utilizing motivation and engagement to increase reading achievement. The purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship between reading motivation and reading engagement to reading outcomes in grades three through five for students who are not reading on grade level in Title I elementary schools in the Southeast section ...


Emotions In Academic Writing/Care-Work In Academia: Notes Towards A Repositioning Of Academic Labor In India (& Beyond), Anuj Gupta 2021 University of Arizona

Emotions In Academic Writing/Care-Work In Academia: Notes Towards A Repositioning Of Academic Labor In India (& Beyond), Anuj Gupta

Academic Labor: Research and Artistry

In this article I seek to reflect on a rupture that happened in my college-level writing classroom in India when a student chose to write about her experience of rape and accompanying life-long trauma in a literacy narrative assignment. This rupture, and the ways in which I struggled to engage with it, were initially discomforting but eventually led to strong convictions about the need to reposition academic writing and labor in Indian universities in a manner that sees the epistemic value of emotions in academic writing and the ethical value of care-work in academia as essential ingredients required to create ...


An Experimental Study To Investigate The Use Of A Language Portfolio In Developing Students’ Autonomous Learning And Reflective Thinking Skills, Khikmatullo Urazbaev 2021 Westminster International University in Tashkent, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

An Experimental Study To Investigate The Use Of A Language Portfolio In Developing Students’ Autonomous Learning And Reflective Thinking Skills, Khikmatullo Urazbaev

Philology Matters

Present day educational systems around the world strongly focus on developing students’, graduates and professionals’ autonomous learning skills, reflective thinking skills and self-assessment skills. In many studies related to the above-mentioned skills development, portfolio pedagogy is a central subject of discussion. The aim of the study was to experimentally test the potential of the Uzbek Model of European language portfolio in promoting pre-service English teacher training program for students’ autonomous learning, and reflective thinking skills. The experimental study on portfolio implementation was carried out among first-year students of three local universities in Uzbekistan. 651 students from three sample institutions took ...


Origin Of The Term "Satire" In Fiction, Mukadas Murodova 2021 Pedagogical Institute of Termez State University, Termez, Uzbekistan

Origin Of The Term "Satire" In Fiction, Mukadas Murodova

Philology Matters

The article provides an in-depth analysis of the history of the origin of the term satire types of satire, definitions of the term satire in encyclopedias and scientific dictionaries. Representatives of satire in Russian, English and Uzbek literature are also mentioned. The article also includes opinions of famous scholars on satire, as well as their translation into Uzbek.
The genre of satire has evolved since ancient times and covered almost all types of fiction. The satirist writers exposed the social events of the period in which they lived with humor and satire. They put the final conclusion on their works ...


Linguacultural Aspects Of Rhetoric Discourse In Tourism Advertising, Aziza Kholboboeva 2021 Uzbekistan State World Languages University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Linguacultural Aspects Of Rhetoric Discourse In Tourism Advertising, Aziza Kholboboeva

Philology Matters

This article examines the nature of the discourse of advertising. The focus is on the tourism advertising, which is directed towards the promotion of some product or service to the general public or travelers. The article, however, is not meant to exhaust all the aspects of this particular discourse, or present an answer to all the problems it poses. Rather, it aims at uncovering the basic, essential elements of the most pervasive, influential and inescapable discourse of the XXI century – the advertising text. It focuses on the interaction of language, image and layout, and tries to examine advertising persuasive strategies ...


An Overview Of Automated Translation And Its Linguistic Problems, Zahriddin Xaitqulov 2021 Uzbekistan State World Languages University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

An Overview Of Automated Translation And Its Linguistic Problems, Zahriddin Xaitqulov

Philology Matters

Language, as the information carrier, has become the most significant means for humans to communicate. However, it has been considered as the barrier of communications between people from different countries. The problem of converting a language quickly and efficiently has become a problem of common concern for humanity. In fact, the demand for language translation has greatly increased in recent times due to effect of cross-regional communication and the need for information exchange. Most material needs to be translated, including scientific and technical documentation, instruction manuals, legal documents, textbooks, publicity leaflets, newspaper reports, etc. The issue is challenging and difficult ...


Comparative Analysis Of Mythological Names And Mythologisms In The English And Uzbek Literature, Darmonoy Urayeva, Gulbahor Nazarova 2021 Bukhara State University, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Comparative Analysis Of Mythological Names And Mythologisms In The English And Uzbek Literature, Darmonoy Urayeva, Gulbahor Nazarova

Philology Matters

It is surprising that in English and Uzbek folklore and literature there are similarities in the expression of mythological images, despite the fact that they are from different language systems and different continents far from each other. British folklore is rich in a variety of images, which, with their distinctive features, have a place not only in English but also in world literature. Such images are distinguished by their versatility and have both negative and positive character traits. No matter which world literature we look at, we can find the translation of myths, legends, and fairy tales in that language ...


Semantic Analysis Of Literary Terms By Literary Types In “The Concise Oxford Dictionary Of Literature Terms”, Muhayyo Saidova 2021 Bukhara State University, Bukhara, Uzbekistan

Semantic Analysis Of Literary Terms By Literary Types In “The Concise Oxford Dictionary Of Literature Terms”, Muhayyo Saidova

Philology Matters

The scientific research shows that literary terms in the Germanic languages were not studied uniformly. Literary terms, which were the subject of our research, have hardly been studied in the Slavic, Roman and Germanic languages. Objectives and methods: Therefore, it is relevant to study the terms of philosophy, culture and spirituality, ethics, aesthetics, religion, linguistics and especially literary criticism. The degree of study and significance of literary terms are carried out in the given article. The article also gives information about the dictionary of Chris Baldick –The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms and the significant aspects of literary terms ...


Principles Of Improving Sociolinguistic Competence Among Students Of Philological Universities, Sevara Ziyaeva 2021 Uzbekistan State World Languages University, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Principles Of Improving Sociolinguistic Competence Among Students Of Philological Universities, Sevara Ziyaeva

Philology Matters

Developing sociolinguistic competence of philology students focuses on training and actualization of a certain set of components of sociolinguistic competence - the sociolinguistic paradigm that imposes a specific form on the individual speech behavior depending on the given social environment and the prevailing social and communicative context. The training system for the improvement of sociolinguistic competence of students should be based on didactic and methodological principles, enriched with special sociolinguistic content, which is the basis for the improvement of knowledge, skills, and abilities of students to build their speech behavior based on the speech profile of the interlocutor, taking into account ...


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