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002 Transcription Notes, Bill Donner Dr 2021 Kutztown

002 Transcription Notes, Bill Donner Dr

Sikaiana Oral Stories

Notes about transcription and translation for the Sikaiana oral and recorded material.


Asian American And Pacific Islander Presidential Fellows Report, Betty T. Izumi, Bree Kalima 2021 Portland State University

Asian American And Pacific Islander Presidential Fellows Report, Betty T. Izumi, Bree Kalima

OHSU-PSU School of Public Health Faculty Publications and Presentations

Since the 2010 Census, Oregon’s Asian American population has grown by 42.3% and its Pacific Islander population has grown by 57.3%, making these groups the fastest growing in the state (US Census Bureau, 2019; US Census Bureau, 2020a). In the Portland metropolitan area, these populations experienced a growth of 42.1% and 64.7%, respectively (US Census Bureau, 2019; US Census Bureau, 2020a). Although Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPIs) are often lumped together as a monolith, they differ from each other in ethnicity and also culture, politics, socioeconomic status, language, religion, immigration status, and migration and ...


This Is The Way We Rise, Michele M. Desmarais 2021 University of Nebraska at Omaha

This Is The Way We Rise, Michele M. Desmarais

Journal of Religion & Film

This is a review of the short film, This Is the Way We Rise (2019), directed by Ciara Lacy.


01 Traditional Songs Introduction, William Donner 2021 Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

01 Traditional Songs Introduction, William Donner

Sikaiana Traditional Songs

This is an introduction to Sikaiana songs. It includes a discussion of the social cultural context of song composition and singing. There is a discussion of the different features of song production and a list of different song genres. Most of the discussion is concerned with traditional song expression that are part of derived form changes associated with colonialism and modernization.


An Awakening Of The Hawaiian Way Of Life: Framing Kapu Aloha And The Mauna Kea Controversy, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon 2020 Western Oregon University

An Awakening Of The Hawaiian Way Of Life: Framing Kapu Aloha And The Mauna Kea Controversy, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon

PURE Insights

This essay undertakes a framing and melodramatic analysis of the media coverage of Mauna Kea and the Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT). The kiaʻi, known as protestors in the media, have prevailed through the attempts to resume the construction of this large telescope. More specifically, framing of the news media contextualizes the TMT controversy. The framing features selectivity and partiality in the news articles, mainly excluding the Native Hawaiian voice. Then, the melodramatic rhetoric elucidates a frame unique to the Hawaiian people also known as their philosophy of kapu aloha demonstrated in their social media accounts. Melodrama functions as the oppositional ...


Embracing Identity And Culture: Hawaiian Rhetoric In Kumu Hina’S “He Inoa Mana (A Powerful Name)”, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon 2020 Western Oregon University

Embracing Identity And Culture: Hawaiian Rhetoric In Kumu Hina’S “He Inoa Mana (A Powerful Name)”, Kyleigh Manuel-Sagon

PURE Insights

The 1960’s marked the Hawaiian Renaissance as kanaka maoli (native Hawaiian people) experienced a growing interest in Hawaiian language, music, traditional navigation, and hula. Today, kanaka continue to resist colonial oppression and work together to establish their identity as a people through staying connected to their traditions. There are many community leaders that kanaka maoli look up to, one of them being Hinaleimoana Wong-Kalu. She is affectionately known as Kumu Hina who is an educator and community activist. The first section recalls her life story including her life growing up and achievements. Then, the essay delves into a TEDtalk ...


Gaining Entrée Into A Micronesian Islander-Based Community Organization Through Culturally Responsive Team Building And Reflection, S. Robert Spence Jr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Shelley Geil, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr. 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing

Gaining Entrée Into A Micronesian Islander-Based Community Organization Through Culturally Responsive Team Building And Reflection, S. Robert Spence Jr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Shelley Geil, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr.

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Previous researchers reported ethical issues regarding collaborative activities, including needing additional time and financial burden, uncomfortable feelings related with power-sharing, and disempowerment among ethnic minoritized groups. The purpose of this brief article is to describe a critical foundational engagement project approach when gaining entrée into a Micronesian Islander community-based organization to co-develop a culturally relevant main project to improve rates of MI enrollment in early childhood learning (ECL) programs. ECL is an important factor in preventing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and developing resilience from ACEs. We built a sustainable community-academic partnership through culturally responsive team building and leveraged the collective ...


“We Were Queens.” Listening To K¯Anaka Maoli Perspectives On Historical And On-Going Losses In Hawai’I, Antonia R.G. Alvarez, Val. Kanuha, Maxine K.L. Anderson, Cathy Kapua, Kris Bifulco 2020 Portland State University

“We Were Queens.” Listening To K¯Anaka Maoli Perspectives On Historical And On-Going Losses In Hawai’I, Antonia R.G. Alvarez, Val. Kanuha, Maxine K.L. Anderson, Cathy Kapua, Kris Bifulco

School of Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

This study examines a historical trauma theory-informed framework to remember Kānaka Maoli (Native Hawaiian) and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and/or māhū (LGBTQM) experiences of colonization in Hawai`i. Kānaka Maoli people and LGBTQM Kānaka Maoli face health issues disproportionately when compared with racial and ethnic minorities in Hawai’i, and to the United States as a whole. Applying learnings from historical trauma theorists, health risks are examined as social and community-level responses to colonial oppressions. Through the crossover implementation of the Historical Loss Scale (HLS), this study makes connections between historical losses survived by Kānaka Maoli and mental ...


Malay Minorities In The Tenasserim Coast, Ma Tin Cho Mar, Pham Huong Trang 2020 Department of South East Asian Studies, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Malay Minorities In The Tenasserim Coast, Ma Tin Cho Mar, Pham Huong Trang

ASEAN Journal of Community Engagement

This paper discusses the Malay Minorities of the Malay Minorities in the Tenasserim Coast. And Tanintharyi Division is an administrative region of Myanmar at present. When we look closely at some of the interesting historical facts, we see that this region is “Tanao Si” in Thai, or Tanah Sari in Malay. This region belonged to Tanah Melayu, or Malay Peninsula, which was part of the Sultanate of Kedah. It was occupied first by the Ayutthaya Kingdom and later by Burma. Moken people of the Austronesian-speaking tribes who live on the coast and on the islands of the Andaman Sea up ...


Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers 2020 Washington State University College of Nursing in Vancouver

Building Safe Didactic Dialogues For Action Model: Mobilizing Community With Micronesian Islanders, Connie K. Y. Nguyen-Truong Dr., Jacqueline Leung Dr., Kapiolani Micky, Jennifer I. Nevers

Asian / Pacific Island Nursing Journal

Background: Despite mandates by the United States (U.S.) government to ensure the inclusion of women and minorities in federally funded research, communities of color continue to participate less frequently than non-Latinx Whites. There is limited research that examines maternal health outcomes and early childhood resources. PI have grown substantially in a county in the Pacific Northwest region of the U.S. (from 4,419 to 9,248, of which 52% are female). About 62.7% of PI women are not accessing prenatal care in the first trimester, and this is substantially higher than the national target of 22.1 ...


The Efficacy Of Political Apology Within A Settler-Colonial Framework, Hannah M. Bauer 2020 University of South Carolina - Columbia

The Efficacy Of Political Apology Within A Settler-Colonial Framework, Hannah M. Bauer

Senior Theses

Government apologies issued for American settler-colonialism, instances of mis-racialization, and instances of misrepresentation of Native American peoples – such as the joint resolutions passed by President Clinton and the 103rd Congress and President Obama and the 111th Congress – reflect the strategies used to justify the United States’ removal and assimilation policies. These same strategies are evident in the ways which historic and modern media representations transform Native Americans into a monolithic racial ‘other.’ Trump’s evocation of “Pocahontas” as a racial slur and Warren’s participation in a DNA test during Donald Trump and Elizabeth Warren’s debate over ...


Desegregation Through Entertainment: Rodgers And Hammerstein’S South Pacific As An Instrument Of Military Policy, Leana Sottile 2020 Chapman University

Desegregation Through Entertainment: Rodgers And Hammerstein’S South Pacific As An Instrument Of Military Policy, Leana Sottile

Voces Novae

In the aftermath of the Second World War, the 1949 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical South Pacific became a staple of mainstream popular culture. However, the musical also served a specific function within the American military where its usage by the United Service Organizations and Department of Defense was widespread. This case study examines how South Pacific arguably served a way to ease the blow of desegregation on the military by other means, in this case, entertainment. This was achieved by combining the show’s progressive views on racial tolerance with the prevalent wartime nostalgia and romanticism in the piece. All ...


“Oceania Is Us:” An Intimate Portrait Of Chamoru Identity And Transpacific Solidarity In From Unincorporated Territory: [Lukao], Maressa Park 2020 College of the Holy Cross

“Oceania Is Us:” An Intimate Portrait Of Chamoru Identity And Transpacific Solidarity In From Unincorporated Territory: [Lukao], Maressa Park

The Criterion

Guåhan’s history of Spanish colonization and inflicted genocide, Japanese occupancy, and American militarization poses profound effects on CHamoru land, rights, physical health, and language survival. These include instances of “celebration colonialism” such as Liberation Day, in which CHamorus celebrate the date that the United States dropped 124 tons of bombs on Guåhan to liberate them from the Japanese ([lukao] 44). Through an analysis of his 2017 anthology from unincorporated territory: [lukao], this essay examines how Dr. Craig Santos Perez casts light on the complex inheritance of native CHamorus via an intimate portrait of diasporic CHamoru identity. Furthermore, I argue ...


Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles 2020 University of Ottawa

Promising Practices For Boating Safety Initiatives That Target Indigenous Peoples In New Zealand, Australia, The United States Of America, And Canada, Mitchell Crozier, Audrey R. Giles

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Boating-related incidents are responsible for a significant number of the drowning fatalities that occur within Indigenous communities in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada. The aim of this paper was to identify promising practices for boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples within these countries and evaluate past and ongoing boating safety initiatives delivered to/with Indigenous peoples within these countries to suggest the ways in which they – or programs that follow them - may be more effective. Based upon evidence from previous research, boating safety initiatives that target Indigenous peoples in New Zealand, Australia, the USA, and Canada should ...


The Island Earth Field Studio: A High School Summer Program On Polynesian Voyaging In Hawaii, Andrea M. Bachmann 2020 SIT Graduate Institute/SIT Study Abroad

The Island Earth Field Studio: A High School Summer Program On Polynesian Voyaging In Hawaii, Andrea M. Bachmann

Capstone Collection

The Island Earth Field Studio is a ten-day program for high school students to learn about Polynesian voyaging in Hawaii as a framework to understand non-Western knowledge systems. The program design is grounded in research on the historical significance of voyaging and informed by current literature on adolescent development and place-based pedagogy.

To further refine the program, a needs assessment was conducted using a combination of surveys and interviews with parents and educators in the continental United States (mainland) as well as interviews with local partners in Hawaii. The assessment revealed that cultural learning and community building were viewed by ...


Self · Ish: Examining And Reshaping Filipino & Filipinx Identities Within The Continental United States And Hawai’I Via Post-Colonial Literature, Kiana Anderson 2020 Linfield College

Self · Ish: Examining And Reshaping Filipino & Filipinx Identities Within The Continental United States And Hawai’I Via Post-Colonial Literature, Kiana Anderson

Senior Theses

This thesis explores a conversation between the “self” and Filipino culture to examine the ways the Filipino diaspora exists in literature amongst colonization and trauma. Through literary texts spanning across time and geographical locations, like Elaine Castillo’s America Is Not the Heart and Jessica Hagedorn's Dogeaters, I interrogate the cultural and psychic meanings associated with the concept of home within the context of these hybrid histories. By examining the neo-canonical literature of some of these authors, I interrogate their sense of self, voices and visions via the languages, symbols, cultural frameworks and emotions that are prevalent within the ...


Sociolinguistics And Insider/Outsider Status In Hawai'i, Elissa M. Uithol 2020 Cedarville University

Sociolinguistics And Insider/Outsider Status In Hawai'i, Elissa M. Uithol

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

Prior to the rise of tourism in Hawai’i, the Hawaiian economy was largely driven by plantations. As labor was imported to work these plantations, a rich, multiethnic culture developed on the islands, producing a similarly diverse linguistic situation. What began as a pidgin blend of several languages for the purpose of communication between workers and supervisors has since developed into a language unique to the islands: Hawaiian Creole English (HCE). Social status in Hawai’i has long been influenced by a person’s manner of speech, as evidenced by elite Standard English (SE) schools founded to educate children of ...


Wai Puna: An Indigenous Model Of Māori Water Safety And Health In Aotearoa, New Zealand, Chanel Phillips Ph.D. 2020 University of Otago, NZ

Wai Puna: An Indigenous Model Of Māori Water Safety And Health In Aotearoa, New Zealand, Chanel Phillips Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Māori (the indigenous peoples of Aotearoa, New Zealand) are intimately connected to wai (i.e., water) yet are overrepresented in New Zealand’s drowning statistics each year. On average Māori account for 20-24% of all preventable and non-preventable drowning fatalities, despite comprising only 15 percent of New Zealand’s population. Drowning remains a significant issue posing a threat to whānau (i.e., families) through premature death being imminent and whakapapa (i.e., genealogy) being interrupted. There is limited research that has examined Māori and indigenous understandings of water safety within the literature and limited studies that have investigated the issue ...


From Korongata To Tuhikaramea, 2020 Brigham Young University

From Korongata To Tuhikaramea

Mormon Pacific Historical Society

Sidney J. Ottley was a young carpenter in Murray, Utah, when he was called by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to service a mission in New Zealand. With three other missionaries he arrived in Auckland, December 2, 1912, and was immediately assigned to teach at a little mission primary school in Korongata, near Hastings, in Hawke's Bay. He had no previous teaching experience and later remembered that he had never planned on acquiring any. But the Mormon Church had been operating small schools such as this as early as 1886 and this is where mission president ...


Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone 2020 Bernice P. Bishop Museum

Impacts Of Invasive Rats On Hawaiian Cave Resources, Francis G. Howarth, Fred D. Stone

International Journal of Speleology

Although there are no published studies and limited data documenting damage by rodents in Hawaiian caves, our incidental observations during more than 40 years of surveying caves indicate that introduced rodents, especially the roof rat, Rattus rattus, pose significant threats to vulnerable cave resources. Caves, with their nearly constant and predictable physical environment often house important natural and cultural features including biological, paleontological, geological, climatic, mineralogical, cultural, and archaeological resources. All four invasive rodents in Hawai‘i commonly nest in cave entrances and rock shelters, but only the roof rat (Rattus rattus) habitually enters caves and utilizes areas in total ...


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