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The Silmarillion By J.R.R. Tolkien And Shahnameh By Firdausi: A Sadraic Interpretation Of Free Will And Determinism, Mohsen Hanif, Masoud Tadayoni 2022 Kharazmi University, Tehran

The Silmarillion By J.R.R. Tolkien And Shahnameh By Firdausi: A Sadraic Interpretation Of Free Will And Determinism, Mohsen Hanif, Masoud Tadayoni

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Fate, doom, and free will have always proved to be controversial terms among philosophers. The chief problem is whether a deterministic power prescribes the destiny of creatures or they possess pure free will in shaping their destinies. Mulla Sadra, a 17th century Iranian philosopher, believes in a blending of determinism and free will which he develops in the terms of Qaza and Qadar respectively. He introduces a model of fate through which determinism and free will equally participate. Using the human soul as a model, Mulla Sadra points out that people meet their fate through several factors, one of which ...


Aftermaths Of Opposition: Effectiveness Of Repression Against Reformist Islamists In Saudi Arabia, Londyn Lorenz 2022 University of Mississippi

Aftermaths Of Opposition: Effectiveness Of Repression Against Reformist Islamists In Saudi Arabia, Londyn Lorenz

Honors Theses

Saudi Arabia has long been considered a religious, political, and economic hub of the Middle East and North Africa as the home of the two holiest cities in Islam: Mecca and Medina. The kingdom’s leaders, the Al Saud family, have relied on their Islamic clout to remain in power since the 1700s, but their Islamic credentials were called into question following their allowance of American troops on Saudi soil and alliance with Western ideals during and following the Gulf War of the 1990s. Islamist outrage against the throne poured out across the nation, bringing demands for political change and ...


Traumatic Themes In Genesis 17 And 23, Troy M. LaRue 2022 Abilene Christian University

Traumatic Themes In Genesis 17 And 23, Troy M. Larue

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis I explore how Gen 17 and 23 contain themes of trauma. For the purpose of this research, I am combining the disciplines of historical criticism, literary criticism, and trauma theory. Genesis 17 and 23 are narratives of non-typical length in the Priestly source of Genesis. I explain how these narratives fit into the larger Priestly strand in Genesis through a combination of diachronic and synchronic readings. In Gen 17, God reveals himself as El Shaddai to Abraham and enters into a covenant with him promising progeny, land, and blessing. These promises are themes that are particularly meaningful ...


"Is He Not A Maker Of Parables?": Restorative Poetics And Magical Realism In Ezekiel 40–48, Matthew Wells Sapp 2022 Abilene Christian University

"Is He Not A Maker Of Parables?": Restorative Poetics And Magical Realism In Ezekiel 40–48, Matthew Wells Sapp

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The thesis demonstrates that Ezek 40–48 functions as a unified narrative of restoration and that it is profitable to understand its fantastic realism and postcolonial rhetoric as early precursors to the modern magical realism genre. The tools of narrative criticism are utilized to exegete the literary features of Ezek 40–48 and uncover its poetic elements and rhetorical thrust. After this analysis, Ezek 40–48 is viewed as a precursor to modern magical realist texts in a comparative study with Gabriel García Márquez’s novel One Hundred Years of Solitude and Salman Rushdie’s novel Midnight’s Children, paying ...


Tantura, Sheila J. Nayar 2022 University of Utah

Tantura, Sheila J. Nayar

Journal of Religion & Film

This is a film review of Tantura (2022), directed by Alon Schwarz.


Androgyny In The Ancient World: The Intersection Of Politics, Religion And Gender In The Art Of Hatshepsut, Megan N. Reimer 2022 Gettysburg College

Androgyny In The Ancient World: The Intersection Of Politics, Religion And Gender In The Art Of Hatshepsut, Megan N. Reimer

Student Publications

The Pharaoh Hatshepsut is one of the most well-known rulers of ancient Egypt and she has fascinated historians for decades. She ruled Egypt during the 15th century BCE, coming to power after the death of her husband, Thutmose II. Hatshepsut is particularly interesting to historians due to how she was portrayed in her art. Due to how far in the past she ruled, not many pieces of her art have survived; however, in the objects that we do have she is often shown very androgynously or even in came cases distinctly masculine. My research focuses on the many theories as ...


The Vanishing Arab Adult: A Male Coming Of Age Crisis Driving Social And Political Change In The Jasmine And Egyptian Revolutions, Antonio Guirola 2022 Trinity College

The Vanishing Arab Adult: A Male Coming Of Age Crisis Driving Social And Political Change In The Jasmine And Egyptian Revolutions, Antonio Guirola

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


The Bedouin In Arabia: A Nomadic Success, Cole D. Quinn 2022 Gettysburg College

The Bedouin In Arabia: A Nomadic Success, Cole D. Quinn

Student Publications

This paper analyzes the lifestyle of Bedouin tribes in Arabia prior to the rise of Islam. It looks closely at how Bedouin tribes were able to coexist alongside pre-Islamic settlements and secure a dominant position in Arabia. Specifically, this paper covers the Bedouin's practice of pastoralism, tribalism, and militarism, and explains how Bedouin tribes were able to secure and maintain a dominant position in Arabia despite the pressure of neighboring settlements.


Sex, Sovereignty, And The Biological In The Interwar Arab East, Susanna Ferguson 2022 Smith College

Sex, Sovereignty, And The Biological In The Interwar Arab East, Susanna Ferguson

Middle East Studies: Faculty Publications

This article frames the history of anticolonialism in the Arab world as a history of gender, sex, and power. By thinking with early twentieth-century Arab intellectuals, it revises the assumption that the heterosexual body enters into politics primarily as a site of regulation and control. Europeans justified colonialism in the Arab East by arguing that Arabs were like children who needed tutelage before self-rule. Arab writers contested these temporal assumptions through their own theories of human development. Some figured childrearing as a form of temporal engineering through which Arab women would control human and civilizational growth. Others, like cosmopolitan Arab ...


Katayama Hiroko—Jesus And Simon Peter (June 1953), Christopher Southward 2022 Binghamton University--SUNY

Katayama Hiroko—Jesus And Simon Peter (June 1953), Christopher Southward

Comparative Literature Faculty Scholarship

Translation of 「イエスとペトロ」、片山廣子著、昭和28年6月

Source: Aozora Bunko (a digital archive of public-domain Japanese-language works)

General website: https://www.aozora.gr.jp

Current text: https://www.aozora.gr.jp/cards/001346/files/50159_41222.html


The Art Of Brotherhood: Hittite Visual Power And Mycenaean Artistic Hybridity In The Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean, Andrew M. Harvin 2022 Vassar College

The Art Of Brotherhood: Hittite Visual Power And Mycenaean Artistic Hybridity In The Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean, Andrew M. Harvin

Senior Capstone Projects

The Late Bronze Age Eastern Mediterranean possessed an interconnectedness and tumultuous sociopolitical landscape of an unprecedented scale. Archaeological finds regarding conquest or trade have been significant and informative; evidence has allowed for reconstructing "international" contacts and relationships between rulers. The ancient Hittites were anomalous in this regard, as little has been found that suggests they operated on the same levels of mercantile trade as their contemporaries. Rather, Hittite material culture was exported through various diplomatic forms. The specific character of Hittite diplomatic strategy lends itself to the exportation of iconography, reliant on militaristic and political clout, over commercial interactions. This ...


Language Learning Through Interaction: Online And In The Classroom, Andrew J. DeMil, Rachel Kozikowski 2022 University of Tampa

Language Learning Through Interaction: Online And In The Classroom, Andrew J. Demil, Rachel Kozikowski

The Coastal Review: An Online Peer-reviewed Journal

Online language teaching has become a popular alternative to classroom learning (Liu et al; Warschauer and Meskill). This led to research comparing the two learning environments (Young). Regardless of the learning environment, in order to be effective, the second language classroom must be designed to lead learners to acquisition. Studies suggest that collaborative tasks that push learners to negotiate meaning lead to acquisition (Leeser; Loewen and Erlam; Mackey and Philp; Stafford, Bowden, Sanz). Participants in this study were in two environments; a second language classroom in the typical in person classroom format, and a language learning course in an online ...


Pensar El Límite: El Símbolo Indígena En Los Proyectos Políticos Cubanos De Principios Del Siglo Xix, Jorge L. Camacho 2022 University of South Carolina-Columbia

Pensar El Límite: El Símbolo Indígena En Los Proyectos Políticos Cubanos De Principios Del Siglo Xix, Jorge L. Camacho

The Coastal Review: An Online Peer-reviewed Journal

This article investigates the way in which Cuban literature reflected on indigenous people during the early half of the nineteenth century and uses the symbol of the Amerindians to demonstrate a moral disjuncture between them and the colonizer. In this article, I call attention to the way Cuban independentists and Spanish nationalists used this figure to support their views and thus created a split in the Cuban creole imagination. I start by pointing out that these appropriations started at the end of the 18th century when historian José Martín Félix de Arrate, and poets such as Miguel González and Manuel ...


The Polarization Of The Hamas Movement In Palestine And Its Influence On Indonesian Defense Issues: A Geopolitical And Military Overview, Ahmad Budiman, Mulawarman Hannase 2021 Universitas Indonesia

The Polarization Of The Hamas Movement In Palestine And Its Influence On Indonesian Defense Issues: A Geopolitical And Military Overview, Ahmad Budiman, Mulawarman Hannase

Jurnal Middle East and Islamic Studies

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has implications for the birth of armed groups that continue to

be polarized within Palestine, such as the PLO, Hamas, Fatah, and others to the PNA.

However, one group that exists and has a strong resonance in the Islamic world is Hamas.

The resonance also reached Indonesia. This study will examine the polarization of Hamas and

its military activities which are considered to represent the interests of Palestinian Muslims.

As a result, this has a snowball effect by generating bigger and stronger support which

ultimately affects the issue of Indonesia's national defense., This study uses a ...


Scribes, Scholars, And Scripts: Reviewing Data From Scribes Of The Cairo Geniza, Emily Esten 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Scribes, Scholars, And Scripts: Reviewing Data From Scribes Of The Cairo Geniza, Emily Esten

Manuscript Studies

In spring 2019, the University of Pennsylvania Libraries launched the transcription phase of “Scribes of the Cairo Geniza,” a crowdsourcing project to sort and transcribe Cairo Geniza fragments. This article describes the results of the sorting phase of the project, and initial progress results for the transcription phase of the project.


An Illuminated Manuscript From Late Fourteenth-Century Shiraz In The Bodleian Library, Cailah Jackson 2021 Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies

An Illuminated Manuscript From Late Fourteenth-Century Shiraz In The Bodleian Library, Cailah Jackson

Manuscript Studies

Islamic manuscript illumination production in the eastern Iranian city of Shiraz in the late fourteenth century marked an aesthetic sea-change from mid-fourteenth-century styles that were characterized by polychrome palettes and thick, gold strapwork. The new style of illumination, which was produced under the Muzaffarid dynasty (1314– 93), was distinguished by the dominance of deep blue pigments as well as black and gold and the use of minute floral sprays and ‘baroque- edged’ inscribed cartouches. This profound visual shift eventually developed into the elaborate styles of Timurid, Turcoman and Safavid illumination of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries onwards and is thus ...


Editor's Preface, Jeremy Madsen 2021 Brigham Young University

Editor's Preface, Jeremy Madsen

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2021 Brigham Young University

Front Matter

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


Full Issue, 2021 Brigham Young University

Full Issue

Studia Antiqua

No abstract provided.


The Winged Victory: Nike In Ancient Greece, Megan Mayfield 2021 Brigham Young University

The Winged Victory: Nike In Ancient Greece, Megan Mayfield

Studia Antiqua

The Greek goddess Nike was a popular deity throughout the ancient Greek World. As a symbol of victory, Nike represented triumph within agonistic conflicts. Nike was an important figure in the Greek mind, and while comprehensive studies of who the goddess was and how she was represented through literature and iconography has been conducted, an overview of Nike’s development has not yet been done in English. This paper will follow the development of Nike throughout Greek thought, from her earliest representations and mentions in the Archaic Period through the Hellenistic Era, by focusing on the primary objects and literature ...


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