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Love With Excuse: Contextualizing Themes In Adaptations Of The Legend Of Tristan And Isolde, Lillianna Wright 2021 Liberty University

Love With Excuse: Contextualizing Themes In Adaptations Of The Legend Of Tristan And Isolde, Lillianna Wright

Senior Honors Theses

The legend of Tristan and Isolde is perhaps the most influential Arthurian romance apart from Lancelot and Guinevere. It has been retold many times, with each iteration responding to its own unique cultural context as well as adopting varying approaches to the medieval traditions of courtly love. The works of Wagner, Malory, and Gottfried von Strassburg all develop different versions of the same three themes: sexuality, the worthiness of love, and death. These various reconstructions of Tristan and Isolde's story blend syntheses of courtly love and historically contemporary approaches to romance, but all three reinventions romanticize it; while Strassburg ...


The Failure Of Chivalry, Courtesy, And Knighthood Post-Wwi As Represented In David Jones’S In Parenthesis, Taylor L. Hubbard 2021 East Tennessee State University

The Failure Of Chivalry, Courtesy, And Knighthood Post-Wwi As Represented In David Jones’S In Parenthesis, Taylor L. Hubbard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis analyzes David Jones’s In Parenthesis to demonstrate the failed notion of chivalry, courtesy, and knighthood in modernity during and after the war. Jones’s semi-autobiographical prose poem recounting his experiences of WWI was published in 1937, nineteen years after the war ended. Jones applied the concepts of chivalry, courtesy, and knighthood to his experiences during WWI through In Parenthesis. Jones used these concepts, which originated in the classical period and the Middle Ages, to demonstrate how they have changed over time, especially given the events of WWI. The best way for Jones to demonstrate the impact of ...


Representations Of Female Agency In Medieval French Literature, Mathilde Pointiere 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Representations Of Female Agency In Medieval French Literature, Mathilde Pointiere

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation examines the different ways authors portray female agency in medieval French literature. In focusing on three medieval writers, Chrétien de Troyes, Heldris de Cornouailles and Christine de Pizan, I contend that female agency arises as a result of trauma or crisis. I define my terms as follows: agency is the capacity and intention of performing actions on one’s own behalf. For a fictional character to have agency, therefore, she must be portrayed as having a sense of control and of being the owner of the action she executes. Additionally, I argue that as women characters assume their ...


Mapping Manuscript Migrations: Building And Using A Linked Open Data Environment For Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Studies, Lynn Ransom, Toby Burrows 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Mapping Manuscript Migrations: Building And Using A Linked Open Data Environment For Medieval And Renaissance Manuscript Studies, Lynn Ransom, Toby Burrows

Digital Initiatives Symposium

“Mapping Manuscript Migrations” is a digital humanities project that brings together three distinct data sets about the histories of more than 215,000 medieval and Renaissance manuscripts for browsing, searching, and visualization. Four leading institutions from Great Britain, France, Finland, and the United States collaborated on this project, pooling their expertise in Semantic Web technologies and medieval manuscript curation and research, as well as contributing their own data from the three contrasting datasets. The Schoenberg Database of Manuscripts at the University of Pennsylvania, the Medieval Manuscripts Catalogue at the University of Oxford, and the Bibale database from the Institut de ...


In The Orbit Of The Sphere: Sacrobosco’S De Sphaera Mundi In Upenn Ms Codex 1881, Aylin Malcolm 2021 University of Pennsylvania

In The Orbit Of The Sphere: Sacrobosco’S De Sphaera Mundi In Upenn Ms Codex 1881, Aylin Malcolm

Manuscript Studies

Johannes de Sacrobosco’s De sphaera mundi was the most popular astronomical text in Europe from the late thirteenth century to the late seventeenth, and a core component of the university curriculum. This essay is the first published study of a remarkable copy of De sphaera in a manuscript recently acquired by the University of Pennsylvania (MS Codex 1881), which includes an unedited commentary on De sphaera and a variety of diagrams. I begin by addressing the textual relationships between this codex and other fifteenth-century copies of the main text and commentary, including both manuscripts and incunables. I then evaluate ...


How Many Glyphs And How Many Scribes? Digital Paleography And The Voynich Manuscript, Lisa Fagin Davis 2021 Medieval Academy of America

How Many Glyphs And How Many Scribes? Digital Paleography And The Voynich Manuscript, Lisa Fagin Davis

Manuscript Studies

It can be safely claimed that there is no medieval script that has been seen, analyzed, and debated more than that of the mysterious and as-yet-unread Voynich Manuscript (Beinecke MS 408). For centuries, bibliophiles, linguists, codicologists, art historians, and amateur cryptologists have pored over the manuscript, examining it from every angle, debating every wormhole, arguing over every stain and crease. Some things we know: the invented script is comprised of carefully-written glyphs without precedent or obvious model; forensic material evidence has determined that the parchment, ink, and pigments date from the early 15th century; the provenance trail is nearly unbroken ...


The Durham Latin Prose “Brut” To 1347 With A Continuation To 1348: A Nationalistic Chronicle Of England And Its Manuscripts, Trevor Russell Smith 2021 University of Leeds

The Durham Latin Prose “Brut” To 1347 With A Continuation To 1348: A Nationalistic Chronicle Of England And Its Manuscripts, Trevor Russell Smith

Manuscript Studies

This article re-examines the unedited Durham Latin Prose “Brut” chronicle and its manuscript tradition in light of the discovery of a previously unknown manuscript. The Durham “Brut” covers the history of England from its legendary origins through the English victories over Scotland and France in 1346–47. The chronicle’s later years are related to those in two other important late-medieval chronicles, the Anonimalle Chronicleand the Lanercost Chronicle, and for a short section of John of Washington's later chronicle. Only one witness of the Durham “Brut” was known until 2011, when another was identified with a 1347–48 continuation ...


Litterae Florissae In English Manuscripts In The Late Twelfth/Early Thirteenth Century, Sara J. Charles 2021 University of London

Litterae Florissae In English Manuscripts In The Late Twelfth/Early Thirteenth Century, Sara J. Charles

Manuscript Studies

This article examines a group of manuscripts produced in England in the late twelfth/early thirteenth century and compares their artistic penwork, particularly looking at litterae florissae and linefillers. Some of these manuscripts have already been linked by their decorated initials, and were thought to be produced in a workshop in Oxford. By looking closely at the style of flourished letters, it was possible to identify a precise standard of creating letterforms, further linking these manuscripts to one production centre in Oxford. English litterae florissae and linefiller styles have not received much academic analysis to date, but finding similarities between ...


Opening The Text In The Floreffe Bible (London, Bl Add Ms 17738): From Ways Of Seeing To Ways Of Touching, Dominic Marner 2021 University of Guelph

Opening The Text In The Floreffe Bible (London, Bl Add Ms 17738): From Ways Of Seeing To Ways Of Touching, Dominic Marner

Manuscript Studies

The Floreffe Bible is a two-volume bible now housed in the British Library (Add MSS 17737 and 17738). It is a wonderful example of the complex relationship between text and image and between the sophisticated interplay of exegesis and imagination. This study explores the interspatial, intertextual and interactive aspects of a hole in the parchment on folio 180r/v. The hole both illustrates the text which surrounds it and to provides a portal or aperture into the text below possibly providing the viewer/reader with an opportunity to recreate a miracle of Christ by quite literally touching his garment. Likewise ...


Gender Roles Reviewed Through Shakespeare's Twelfth Night With 21st Century Applications, Hannah Lewis 2021 Olivet Nazarene University

Gender Roles Reviewed Through Shakespeare's Twelfth Night With 21st Century Applications, Hannah Lewis

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This thesis focuses on a modern-day adaptation of Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night which aims to address negative gender stereotypes that are still in existence today. Through Shakespeare’s use of character representation and language, he creates a story that confronts the issue of gender stereotypes in the Elizabethan age. However, much is to be said about how gender roles in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night is applicable to the 21st century. In this thesis, gender roles in both the Elizabethan age and the 21st century are explored in depth to provide examples of gender stereotypes. Thus, the study of ...


As Above, So Below: Italian Amuletic Practices Following The Black Death, Danielle Pigeon 2021 Southern Methodist University

As Above, So Below: Italian Amuletic Practices Following The Black Death, Danielle Pigeon

Art History Theses and Dissertations

This thesis explores the production of amuletic rings in the Italian peninsula following the arrival of Yersinia pestis during the mid-fourteenth century. By examining patterns of ornamentation on a selection of Italian rings, I establish connections to the trauma experienced by individuals left in the wake of the plague and argue that these objects offered a sacralized model of protective adornment to counteract the threat of a fatal and seemingly unstoppable illness. Italian amuletic rings can thereby be read as a material response to the anxieties of mass death and bodily horrors that accompanied outbreaks of the Black Death.

The ...


El Libro De Las Tres Razones, Obra «Estoriada», Mario Cossío Olavide 2021 Universidad de Alcalá

El Libro De Las Tres Razones, Obra «Estoriada», Mario Cossío Olavide

Translat Library

This article offers a typology of the five different kinds of lacunae present in Manuscript 6376 at the Biblioteca Nacional de España in Madrid, which contains most of the works of Juan Manuel. This article identifies the kinds of lacunae affecting the Libro de las tres razones and suggests that some of those blank spaces were meant to be devoted to illuminations that were never executed. This article also suggests that the Libro de las tres razones, as it stands before us now, is an incomplete copy of a lost historiated exemplar in which the author developed a visual support ...


13 Musical Instruments In Early Drama: Tudor Plays, Mary Remnant 2021 Western Michigan University

13 Musical Instruments In Early Drama: Tudor Plays, Mary Remnant

Early Drama, Art, and Music

A study of musical instruments in early Tudor plays that serves as a supplement to the author's "Musical Instruments in Early English Drama"; published in Material Culture and Medieval Drama (1999).


14 Drama And Authority During The Reign Of Queen Mary, Peter Happé 2021 Western Michigan University

14 Drama And Authority During The Reign Of Queen Mary, Peter Happé

Early Drama, Art, and Music

An otherwise unpublished study of drama and the English regime in the reign of Mary Tudor.


12 St. Martin's Clowns: The Miracle Of The Blind Man And The Cripple In Art And Drama, Martin W. Walsh 2021 Western Michigan University

12 St. Martin's Clowns: The Miracle Of The Blind Man And The Cripple In Art And Drama, Martin W. Walsh

Early Drama, Art, and Music

A reprint, with revisions, of a study of the miracle of the healing of a pair of beggars by St. Martin, originally published in Early Drama, Art, and Music Review 17, no. 1 (Fall 1994).


Remix The Manuscript: A Chronicle Of Digital Experiments (2015-2020), Michelle Warren 2021 Dartmouth College

Remix The Manuscript: A Chronicle Of Digital Experiments (2015-2020), Michelle Warren

Other Faculty Materials

Remix the Manuscript is a digital humanities research project centered around a single medieval manuscript, the Dartmouth Brut Chronicle (Rauner Codex MS 003183). This ongoing experiment with digital tools uses this one example to explore one broad question: How are the digital tools available today determining what we will know 100 years from now about things that happened 1000 years ago?


Transmuting John Gower: Elias Ashmole’S Hermetic Reading Of Gower’S Jason And The Golden Fleece, Curtis Runstedler 2021 Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen

Transmuting John Gower: Elias Ashmole’S Hermetic Reading Of Gower’S Jason And The Golden Fleece, Curtis Runstedler

Accessus

This article examines Elias Ashmole’s alchemical reading of John Gower’s tale of Jason and the Golden Fleece in the Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652). I argue that this tale can be read as alchemical and connects to the Renaissance humanist tradition of reading classical stories as alchemical as well as Book IV of the Confessio Amantis, in which Gower depicts alchemy as the ideal form of human labour. Jason, representing the aspiring adept in this reading, is aided by his lover Medea, who represents a master alchemist with her supernatural powers, and through his intensive labours he is successful ...


John Gower's Magical Rhetoric, Georgiana Donavin 2021 Westminster College

John Gower's Magical Rhetoric, Georgiana Donavin

Accessus

In Book 6 of the Confessio Amantis, telling the “Tale of Ulysses and Telegonus,” John Gower says of the former, “He was a gret rethorien / He was a gret magicien,” thereby capturing deep connections between rhetoric and magic. The seriously flawed necromancers of Book 6 exemplify only negative connections, however. Ulysses, by embracing verbal trickery and deploying his knowledge of the liberal arts for inferior aims, fails as both hero and speaker. Worse than Ulysses is Nectanabus, whose deceitful “carectes” seem to serve as a critique against spoken enchantments. Later in Book 7, however, Gower recuperates a concept of magical ...


Magic, Religion, And Science: A Special Issue, Eve Salisbury 2021 Western Michigan University

Magic, Religion, And Science: A Special Issue, Eve Salisbury

Accessus

Preface to a special issue of Accessus on magic, religion, and science in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period.


Reading The Old Norse-Icelandic Maríu Saga In Its Manuscript Contexts, Daniel Najork 2021 Arizona State University

Reading The Old Norse-Icelandic Maríu Saga In Its Manuscript Contexts, Daniel Najork

Northern Medieval World

Maríu saga, the Old Norse-Icelandic life of the Virgin Mary, survives in nineteen manuscripts. In the extant manuscripts Maríu saga rarely exists in the codex by itself. This study restores the saga to its manuscript contexts in order to better understand the meaning of the text within its manuscript matrix, why it was copied in the specific manuscripts it was, and how it was read and used by the different communities that preserved the manuscripts.


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