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Time Decay: Assets, Authoritarianism, And Anxiety About The Future, Jack Davies 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Time Decay: Assets, Authoritarianism, And Anxiety About The Future, Jack Davies

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article identifies a basic formula in the Freudo-Marxist take on twentieth-century authoritarianism. This is the incommensurability of inherited past development with the pace and demands of industrial social life, damming up a tremendous excess that seeks reactionary outlet. Authoritarianism, here, breeds in the contradiction between the symptoms of the Oedipal drama and the commodity form. The implicit “repressive hypothesis” for sexuality and developmentalist teleology make this theorization of authoritarian formations untenable today. This article, however, identifies moments of promise in this literature, and turns to materials available to these thinkers—specifically interwar psychoanalytic theory on anxiety and economic theory ...


Defending “Western” Values: Reactionary Neoliberalism In The Americas, Gabriela Segura-Ballar 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Defending “Western” Values: Reactionary Neoliberalism In The Americas, Gabriela Segura-Ballar

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Right-wing populism and authoritarianism are on the rise globally after the financial crisis of 2008. This reactionary trend has widely channeled anxieties created by neoliberal insecurities into cultural and nationalistic backlash against the ostensible enemies of “Western” values (e.g., immigrants, racial and sexual minorities, feminists, and leftists). President Jair Bolsonaro’s “Brazil above everything, God above everyone” and President Donald Trump’s “Make America Great Again” are the most conspicuous examples of the resurgence of a populist reactionary right in the Americas. This continental trend promotes ultra-nationalism and more coercive neoliberalization processes combined with a reactionary authoritarianism that celebrates ...


Incipient Fascism: Black Radical Perspectives, Alberto Toscano 2021 Goldsmiths, University of London

Incipient Fascism: Black Radical Perspectives, Alberto Toscano

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

The sordid twilight of the Trump presidency raised the stakes of the debate on fascism. While much of the discussion has been magnetised by the legitimacy of analogies with the 1930s, this article argues that a rich and complex tradition of Black radical critique of right-wing authoritarianism provides a vital resource for thinking through the problem of US fascism beyond analogy – beginning with the DuBoisian insight that a racial fascism forged by chattel slavery and settler-colonialism anticipated the ascendancy of European fascisms. The article homes in on Black radical theories of fascism developed in the wake of the movements and ...


Neo-Authoritarianism And The Contestation Of White Identification In The Us, Justin Gilmore 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Neo-Authoritarianism And The Contestation Of White Identification In The Us, Justin Gilmore

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Justin Gilmore’s article "Neo-Authoritarianism and the Contestation of White Identification in the US" examines how the political forces around Donald Trump are often interpreted as an external attack on American democracy, and how the dynamism of these attacks is thought to emanate from various sites of white chauvinism. This article argues that such an interpretation is partial. The upsurge associated with “Trumpism” represents a distinctive contestation of an alternative type of white identity, one that has been elemental for a progressive form of neoliberalism. Although the neoliberal construction of white identification is distinctive, and indeed kinder, its material basis ...


Neo-Authoritarianism Without Authority, Massimiliano Tomba 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

Neo-Authoritarianism Without Authority, Massimiliano Tomba

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

This article examines two aspects of neo-authoritarianism. The first is mainly diagnostic and concerns the nature of authoritarianism as a phenomenon of transition. The article investigates tensions and conflicts between temporalities. It pays attention to the asynchronous nature of change which, alongside the social structural level of changes, also the psycho-social level, intervene politically in different forms. There are social strata that are strangers in their own country and do not share the same present with others. For them, looking to the past is the only way to imagine a different future. If they are looking for values and authority ...


A Trumpian Mechanism, Emmett Peixoto 2021 University of California, Santa Cruz

A Trumpian Mechanism, Emmett Peixoto

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In 2016, a liar made a hypocrite appear worse and thereby won the US presidency. How did a liar, which is traditionally deemed something worse than a hypocrite, manage to do this? This article offers an answer. It does so by uncovering a peculiar mechanism, a Trumpian mechanism, at the heart of Trump’s relations with his critics. The mechanism explains how Trump benefited from wrong-footing his critics and is thus essential for understanding Trump’s success. The article offers a few key examples of this mechanism working against Trump’s political opponents, e.g., Trump’s (first) impeachment. It ...


Authoritarianism And Ideology, Asad Haider 2021 Purdue University

Authoritarianism And Ideology, Asad Haider

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In “Authoritarianism and Ideology,” Asad Haider approaches the problem of authoritarianism by considering the classical question of tyranny, as framed by Spinoza, and how this can be traced to the Marxist theory of ideology. A fundamental axis of the debate over ideology in twentieth century Marxism was the phenomenon of fascism, theorized in highly influential but also markedly different ways by figures like Wilhelm Reich and Theodor Adorno. A close reading of two major texts—Reich's Mass Psychology of Fascism and Adorno's contributions to The Authoritarian Personality—provides a basis for conceptually elaborating different directions that can be ...


Introduction: New Faces Of Authoritarianism, Asad Haider, Massimiliano Tomba 2021 Viewpoint Magazine

Introduction: New Faces Of Authoritarianism, Asad Haider, Massimiliano Tomba

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


The Ever-Accessible Evergreen: Ernst Jandl’S Poetry From Every Conceivable Angle (Essay Originally Written In German As "Das Immer-Zugängliche Immergrün: Ernst Jandls Dichtkunst Aus Jedem Denkbaren Blickwinkel"), Amanda Gillette 2021 Susquehanna University

The Ever-Accessible Evergreen: Ernst Jandl’S Poetry From Every Conceivable Angle (Essay Originally Written In German As "Das Immer-Zugängliche Immergrün: Ernst Jandls Dichtkunst Aus Jedem Denkbaren Blickwinkel"), Amanda Gillette

Senior Scholars Day

In the 75 years of his life, experimental poet Ernst Jandl became a successful and critically acclaimed author in both Austria and Germany. Jandl was famous for his experiments with language and convention in the form of sound poems and visual poems (known as concrete poetry), and particularly for his political poetry. For a poet who published more than thirty collections over a period of 35 years, it stands to reason that Jandl's poems can be analyzed from different perspectives, so today, literary critics and analysts interpret Jandl’s poetry through a multitude of lenses. However, most who examine ...


Persian Elements In Kashmiri Marsiya (Elegy): A Case Study Of Sang (Stone), Mufazil Ali Malla, Barkat Ali Latoo 2021 university of kashmir

Persian Elements In Kashmiri Marsiya (Elegy): A Case Study Of Sang (Stone), Mufazil Ali Malla, Barkat Ali Latoo

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Marsiya or elegy poetry is a literary genre that is often sung whenever a dear person has died. Marsiya has a visionary and secularist outlook. The knowledge keeps countries alive, both politically and socially, and economically. In the Shia sect of Islam, the act of writing and proposing elegy on Imam Hussain A.S. Martyrdom finds an important place, although it is not entirely restricted to it. In Northwest India, by the end of the 11th century, Persian-Arabic words were developed and the languages spoken at the time were brought to the Indian language. Kashmir has been said to have ...


Alfred Corn, Translator. The Duino Elegies, By Rainer Maria Rilke. Norton, 2021., Jeremy Glazier 2021 Ohio Dominican University

Alfred Corn, Translator. The Duino Elegies, By Rainer Maria Rilke. Norton, 2021., Jeremy Glazier

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Alfred Corn, translator. The Duino Elegies, by Rainer Maria Rilke. Norton, 2021. 112 pp.


Lydie Salvayre, Maintenant Même, Warren Motte, Lydie Salvayre, Bernard Wallet, David Lopez, Marie Cosnay, Mahir Guven, Stéphane Bikialo 2021 University of Colorado Boulder

Lydie Salvayre, Maintenant Même, Warren Motte, Lydie Salvayre, Bernard Wallet, David Lopez, Marie Cosnay, Mahir Guven, Stéphane Bikialo

Zea E-Books

Warren Motte, «Dans le vif du vivant»

Lydie Salvayre et Warren Motte, «Une conversation avec Lydie Salvayre»

Lydie Salvayre, «Deux artistes»

Lydie Salvayre, «Projet en cours»

Lydie Salvayre, «Quatre photos»

Bernard Wallet, «Lydie Salvayre, écrivain baroque’n’roll»

David Lopez, «Almuerz»

Marie Cosnay, «Diamant brut»

Mahir Guven, «À propos de Lydie Salvayre»

Stéphane Bikialo, «Éloge de la fuite»

«Ouvrages de Lydie Salvayre»


Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), maryam zehtabi sabeti moqaddam 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, And Motrebs: A Comparative Study Of Sex Work In Iranian Film And Fiction From The Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) To The Islamic Revolution (1979), Maryam Zehtabi Sabeti Moqaddam

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation titled “Prostitutes, Temporary Wives, and Motrebs: A Comparative Study of Sex Work in Iranian Film and Fiction from Constitutional Revolution (1906-1911) to the Islamic Revolution (1979)” brings together the web of images and narratives in sociocultural and historical texts and films that create and maintain the identity of sex workers as articles of mass consumption and sustain dominant practices and policies. By studying how these women, their body, and their sexuality are perceived, shown, and regulated in art and literature—which are ciphers of the society at large—my research exposes the tightly knit relationship between patriarchy, capitalism ...


Extensive And Intensive Iconography. Goethe’S Faust Outlined, Evanghelia Stead 2021 UVSQ & IUF

Extensive And Intensive Iconography. Goethe’S Faust Outlined, Evanghelia Stead

Artl@s Bulletin

Drawing on a corpus of printed items between countries, compared first-hand, the article examines the mark left by Moritz Retzsch’s 26 outline etchings after Goethe’s Faust (1816) using the distinction between extensive and intensive iconography. In extensive iconography, copied or imitated images build a collective imagination, devaluing the original work, albeit contributing to the play’s aura. That view challenges Walter Benjamin’s influential essay on “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction” (1935). In intensive iconography, inventive artists, inspired by Retzsch, rework images, granting a particular scene genuine reinterpretation. How then should we value ...


Candidates For L’Ecriture Feminine: Analyses Of Austen’S Pride And Prejudice, Woolf’S Night And Day, And Morrison’S Sula, Brooklyn J. Jongeling 2021 University of South Dakota

Candidates For L’Ecriture Feminine: Analyses Of Austen’S Pride And Prejudice, Woolf’S Night And Day, And Morrison’S Sula, Brooklyn J. Jongeling

Honors Thesis

This thesis discusses Hélène Cixous’ ideas on feminine literature, as expressed in her article, “The Laugh of Medusa,” and attempts to apply the goals that she sets out for what feminine literature must look like in order to develop the literary cannon to the novel. In an attempt to pull away from traditional patriarchal images and expectations of feminine lifestyles, I join Cixous’ call for the marginalized to inscribe their voices into the cannon for themselves, and argue that representation of such images in literature is necessary to the development of our biased perceptions to more authentically represent typically marginalized ...


American Absurdity: Reconciling Conceptions Of The Absurd In European And American Literature, Benjamin Spencer 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

American Absurdity: Reconciling Conceptions Of The Absurd In European And American Literature, Benjamin Spencer

Senior Theses

This thesis aims to examine the development of the concept of the absurd in literature across different time periods and cultural contexts. The absurd, as defined by Camus, is the gap between humanity’s desire to understand the world and the impossibility of doing so.

However, the ways in which the absurd is recognized as an aspect of existence depends heavily on the sociological contexts in which an individual lives. By analyzing the works of absurdist authors, filmmakers, and artists across time, we can track the development of these absurdist conceptions in both Europe and American literary movements.

Looking at ...


الأسس الخلافية لتأويل مشكل شعر المعري بين البطليوسي وابن العربي, البشير التهالي 2021 كلية الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية بأكادير، جامعة إبن زهر، المغرب

الأسس الخلافية لتأويل مشكل شعر المعري بين البطليوسي وابن العربي, البشير التهالي

Dirassat

Title : The controversial foundations for interpreting the problem of al-Maari's poetry between Batalyawsi and Ibn al-Arabi

The poetry of Abu Al-Alaa Al-Maari is distinguished for its interactive and argumentative context. In addition, it is rich in interpretative capabilities. In addition, Al-Maari’s poetry has a brilliant interpretive potential that establishes the literary rule. Accordingly, it aims at analyzing the foundations of dispute between Abd Allāh Ibn Muammad al-Baalyawsī and Abu Bakr Ibn al-Arabi who were famous for interpreting poetic discourse. As far as Abu Al-'Ala al-Ma'ari is concerned; the reality of his poetry ...


التمثيل الصوتي للجعل الصرفي في بعض اللغات الأفرسية, عبد المجيد الزهير 2021 ، كلية الآداب والعلوم الإنسانية بأكادير، جامعة ابن زهر، المغرب

التمثيل الصوتي للجعل الصرفي في بعض اللغات الأفرسية, عبد المجيد الزهير

Dirassat

Title : Phonological representation of morpheme realization in some Afro-asian languages

In this article, we will study the phonological representations of many Afro-Asian languages and present the hypothesis of the phonemic origin to analyze morphological realization and its development. It is worth mentioning that historical development of phonological systems recognizes different factors, which are not mere hypotheses. Some of these factors are internal and related to the ability of linguistic speakers, while others are external and adhere to the effect of social variables and the consequences of the interaction between languages. To better understand, this phenomenon we propose comparative differential analysis ...


روايات أگادير, أحمد التوفيق 2021 أستاذ باحث في التاريخ

روايات أگادير, أحمد التوفيق

Dirassat

Title : Tales from Agadir

The city of Agadir is situated in strategic area for the Makhzen and the Iberian expansionists alike. The fusion of local cultures with that of the merchants and the colonizers brought about diversity and solidarity of the social fabric. Such affluence and prosperity is invoked in the tales about Agadir as a city of both resistance and integration.


Númenor And The “Devouring Wave”: Literary, Historical, And Psychological Sources For Tolkien’S Self-Described “Atlantis Complex”, Kristine Larsen 2021 Central Connecticut State University

Númenor And The “Devouring Wave”: Literary, Historical, And Psychological Sources For Tolkien’S Self-Described “Atlantis Complex”, Kristine Larsen

Journal of Tolkien Research

Invited talk delivered to the Hobbit Society at the Honors College of the University of New Mexico on February 10, 2016, expanded from a keynote address delivered at the Tolkien Conference of the University of Vermont on April 15, 2014.


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