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All Articles in Basque Studies

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The Distinctively Basque Stone Shelters Of California’S White Mountains, Michael R. Wing, Elizabeth H. Wing, Amin M. Al-Jamal 2022 Archie Williams High School

The Distinctively Basque Stone Shelters Of California’S White Mountains, Michael R. Wing, Elizabeth H. Wing, Amin M. Al-Jamal

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Basque and French shepherds in California’s White Mountains built dry stone shelters that persist today. Despite French names carved on logs associated with a few of these structures, the typical pattern for these shelters is Basque: they closely resemble the cabañas pastoriles (shepherd’s huts) of Bizkaia. A square floor plan with walls about one meter high enclose a single chamber. The stone work is carefully laid to make one wall face. A narrow doorway, often in a corner, faces downhill in any direction except west and can be flanked by low stone “spurs”. A fireplace is usually built ...


Places Beyond Memory: The Affective Landscapes Of Bernardo Atxaga's Días De Nevada, Mark Pleiss 2022 Simpson College, Indianola Iowa

Places Beyond Memory: The Affective Landscapes Of Bernardo Atxaga's Días De Nevada, Mark Pleiss

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This study highlights a heretofore-unexplored narrative device in Bernardo Atxaga’s fiction by highlighting how the author’s representation of spaces surrounding Reno and the Great Basin in Días de Nevada models what Berberich et al. (2016) call affective landscapes. The approach contributes to, and looks beyond, the traditional focus on memory in criticism of Atxaga, and it illustrates the story’s engagement with the emotional experiences of populations in the North American West that are not explored or rarely treated in the author’s other works. Finally, this paper contributes a new conceptual model to studies like Elena Delgado ...


Luisa Etxenike's Trilogy On Terrorism, Agnieszka Gutthy 2022 Southeastern Louisiana University

Luisa Etxenike's Trilogy On Terrorism, Agnieszka Gutthy

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article discusses the themes of the three novels of Luisa Etxenike: El ángulo ciego (Blind Spot, 2009), Absoluta presencia (Absolute Presence, 2018), and Aves del Paraíso (Birds of Paradise, 2019). The novels form a trilogy on ETA terrorism, and each novel is dedicated to a different emotion caused by this violence: fear, guilt, and shame. In her novels Etxenike moves away from the portrayal of terrorists and toward portrayal of the victims. She approaches the theme of ETA violence and of social fragmentation and suffering it has caused emphasizing the culture of blame and fear that this violence instills ...


Creative Becomings: The Ongoing Definition And Redefinition Of Basque Identity In Uruguay, Martín Gamboa 2022 Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay

Creative Becomings: The Ongoing Definition And Redefinition Of Basque Identity In Uruguay, Martín Gamboa

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article describes the presence of cultural traits of Basque tradition in the visual arts and Uruguayan literature of the 20th and early 21st centuries. Likewise, the research deconstructs the concept of “cultural legacy” applied in studies regarding multiculturalism in Uruguay. This approach implied a type of degradation at a cultural level, in which successive generations (first, second, third, and fourth) gradually lost their “original culture”. However, the cultural traits of the Basque ethnic group that appear in the visual arts and literature were shaped by the descendants of the first and second generations. The research demonstrates that certain cultural ...


Joseba Gabilondo. Introduction To A Postnational History Of Contemporary Basque Literature (1978-2000): Remnants Of The Nation. Tamesis, 2019., Belén Rodríguez Mourelo 2022 Penn State Berks

Joseba Gabilondo. Introduction To A Postnational History Of Contemporary Basque Literature (1978-2000): Remnants Of The Nation. Tamesis, 2019., Belén Rodríguez Mourelo

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Joseba Gabilondo. Introduction to A Postnational History of Contemporary Basque Literature (1978-2000): Remnants of the Nation. Tamesis, 2019. xii +338 pp.


Into The Basque Country: The Spiritual Underpinnings Of Eduardo Chillida's Gure Aitaren Etxea, Katherine J.E. Scalia 2021 CUNY Hunter College

Into The Basque Country: The Spiritual Underpinnings Of Eduardo Chillida's Gure Aitaren Etxea, Katherine J.E. Scalia

Theses and Dissertations

In 1988, Eduardo Chillida dedicated his sculpture, Gure Aitaren Etxea, to the victims of the 1937 Spanish Civil War aerial attack on the city of Gernika. This thesis maintains that beyond memorial, the sculpture can be understood as a sacred site and examines the sources of the sculpture’s spiritual dimension, paying particular attention to the work’s underlying Basque influences. Gernika’s cultural significance, the intricacies of the Basque language, and the history of Basque Nationalist ideology are addressed. The paper concludes, however, that while Chillida found great stimulus within his own culture, the sculpture’s ability to serve ...


The Basques Of New Orleans, Koldo San Sebastian 2020 Boise State University

The Basques Of New Orleans, Koldo San Sebastian

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Basques have found their way to many corners of the world, and one of those is the distinctive city of New Orleans in the United States. The relationship of Basques with Louisiana antedates the independence of the United States, and, of course, incorporation of that territory into the American Union. The Basque presence was most evident throughout the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth, when a significant community of Basque mariners resided in New Orleans. This article provides a historical overview of the Basque connection to Louisiana, from the expulsion of the Acadians that sent Basques south ...


Meta-Fiction, Parody, And The [Basque] Apocalypse Revealed To All, Larraitz Ariznabarreta 2020 University of Nevada, Reno

Meta-Fiction, Parody, And The [Basque] Apocalypse Revealed To All, Larraitz Ariznabarreta

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

The literary and cultural scholar Joseba Gabilondo has exerted considerable influence on the field of Basque and Iberian Literary Studies. His scholarly work often generating attention for his opinions expressed about canonical Basque Literature and authors. This article returns to his publication of Apokalipsia guztioi erakutsia. Although the book obtained the “Erein Narratiba” award in 2009, the collection gained no scholarly attention and hardly received any critical reviews. But recent changes have occasioned a second look, an in-depth critical reading, that seems timelier than ever. The literary scholar Gabilondo would, of course, agree; since, as he conceded to Gorka Erostarbe ...


The Canonization Of Carmen: Reflections On A Basque Pastorale, William A. Douglass 2020 Boise State University

The Canonization Of Carmen: Reflections On A Basque Pastorale, William A. Douglass

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This article explores many of the ways in which performance of a modern Basque pastorale, or morality play—an art form with medieval roots—explores issues and conundrums of contemporary Basque society and culture. These include maintenance of the Basque language and identity, the attitude of Basques towards others, notably Spaniards and gypsies, and vice versa, and the survival of Basque rural life in the face of the many challenges to it. Karmen Etxalarkoa Pastorala is but the most recent recounting of the tragedy of Carmen, the quintessential gypsy of Prosper Merimée’s novel and Bizet’s opera. In the ...


Reaching Out: The Basque Transnational Body In The Poetry Of Kirmen Uribe, Enrique Álvarez, Ester Hernández-Esteban 2020 Florida State University

Reaching Out: The Basque Transnational Body In The Poetry Of Kirmen Uribe, Enrique Álvarez, Ester Hernández-Esteban

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

In this paper we explore the contribution of Kirmen Uribe, a Basque writer, artist and cultural activist, to the process of political reconciliation in the Basque country, a socially transforming compromise brought about by the dissolution of the Basque terrorist organization ETA in October 20th, 2011. Uribe achieved literary recognition and public notoriety within the Iberian cultural landscape with the publication of his novel Bilbao-New York-Bilbao in 2008, for which he received the Spanish National Literature Prize for Narrative in the following year. However, we argue that it is with his earlier collection of poems Bistatean Heldu Eskutik ‘Meanwhile ...


Special Focus Introduction: Bodies, Transnationalism And Affect In Recent Hispanic Poetry, Enrique Álvarez 2020 Florida State University

Special Focus Introduction: Bodies, Transnationalism And Affect In Recent Hispanic Poetry, Enrique Álvarez

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Introduction to special focus section: Bodies, Transnationalism and Affect in Recent Hispanic Poetry.


The Differences In Talk About Violence And Terrorism: A Case Study Of Northern Ireland And The Basque Country, McClellan Davis 2020 University of Mississippi

The Differences In Talk About Violence And Terrorism: A Case Study Of Northern Ireland And The Basque Country, Mcclellan Davis

Honors Theses

The Northern Irish and Basque conflicts have been studied throughout the years, as both serve as examples of conflicts involving ethnonationalist terrorist groups and successful disarmaments. While there are similarities, there are also distinctions between the two conflicts. The Irish Republican Army (IRA) and Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) both fought for independence from a larger government, inflicted horrific pain on populations where they considered themselves members, but ultimately both ended without accomplishing their goal of separatism. This thesis seeks to understand the differences within these conflicts and their subsequent peace processes/disarmaments, which I believe contribute to the differences in ...


In The Cathedral Of The Devil: Young Witches Of Navarre, 1608-1614, Olivia Louise Vande Woude 2020 College of William & Mary

In The Cathedral Of The Devil: Young Witches Of Navarre, 1608-1614, Olivia Louise Vande Woude

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A witch-hunt in Spain's northern kingdom of Navarre that occurred between 1608 and 1612, and which was overseen by the Spanish Inquisition, was one of the most famous witch persecutions in European history. In the early nineteenth century, Napoleon's troops burned down the inquisition tribunal that handled this witch persecution, and modern scholars consequently believed that the witches' voices were lost to history. Those scholars did not realize that a number of the witches' statements survived Napoleon and are currently held in Madrid's National Historical Archive. The witches' declarations were made not only by adult men and ...


Size Matters: The Values Behind Basque Food, Font And Semiotics, Kerri Lesh 2020 University of Nevada, Reno

Size Matters: The Values Behind Basque Food, Font And Semiotics, Kerri Lesh

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Text production indexes a set of values as semiotics are utilized to market gastronomic products. These values are referenced through the language used, various font styles and sizes, and the food being promoted. The Basque Country has become a “Culinary nation,” world-renowned for its unique culture and gastronomy. This paper looks at how semiotics are used to create value in marketing locally-made wine and cider. A ubiquitously seen Basque font is used for both cider and wine to reference traditional components of Basque culture, while font size on Rioja Alavesa wine labels stresses the distinction between neighboring regions. The use ...


Basque Radical Rock: The Punk Ethos In Basque Identity, Edurne Arostegui 2020 University of Nevada, Reno

Basque Radical Rock: The Punk Ethos In Basque Identity, Edurne Arostegui

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

This paper aims to chart the origins of the so-called Basque Radical Rock movement and its varied use by different social groups, from political organizations of the time to anarchist, marginalized youth needing to express the pessimistic view of their present circumstances. Basque Radical Rock represented a growing sense of modern Basqueness and difference that shaped the scene, moving away from pastoral images toward urban decadence. Although politics did influence the growth and spread of music throughout the Basque Country, many did not feel represented by these causes. The youth’s backlash against socio-economic conditions and their nihilistic view of ...


Silence And Invisibility As Weapons Of Hegemonic Nationalism In Fernando Aramburu's Patria, Olga Bezhanova 2020 Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville

Silence And Invisibility As Weapons Of Hegemonic Nationalism In Fernando Aramburu's Patria, Olga Bezhanova

BOGA: Basque Studies Consortium Journal

Fernando Aramburu’s Patria (2016) has undoubtedly constituted one of the most explosive publishing successes of Spain’s literary market of the recent years. The author depicts Basque nationalism as a flawed product deriving from irrational violent impulses that supposedly lie at the core of the Basque identity, while privileging a hegemonic Castilian nationalism. Aramburu’s perspective, however, is tainted by his geographic and affective distancing from Euskadi, which arises not only from the fact that he has been living in Germany since 1985 but also from his identity as an author who writes only in Spanish. His novel misses ...


Displaced Spaniards Map, Layer Files & Data Tables, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green 2020 Dickinson College

Displaced Spaniards Map, Layer Files & Data Tables, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalins Niños - GIS Maps Data

This zip file contains three folders related to the Displaced Spaniards maps.

The Dislpaced Spaniards folder contains the index, GDB, APRX and other files associated with the GIS mapping.

The Displaced Spaniards Layers folder contains LYRX files for the associated GIS maps.

The third folder contains the associated data tables.


Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green 2020 Dickinson College

Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died in combat. The points have a red gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green 2020 Dickinson College

Non-Combat Birth Location, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

This map demonstrates the birth location for Spaniards who died from non-combat causes. The points have a purple gradient going from lightest to darkest to represent the quantity of Spaniards in a location. The darker the point the more Spaniards are in that location.


Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green 2020 Dickinson College

Tuberculosis, Karl D. Qualls, Alexia Orengo Green

Stalin's Niños - GIS Map PDFs

The map shows the number and location of Spaniards who died from tuberculosis while being displaced in the USSR. The quantity of Spaniards is represented with a gradient point size that increases with the numbers of deaths in a location. The exact number of deaths in a given location is also indicated with an N= #.


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