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The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer 2023 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Influences Of The Public Health Care System And Education System On The Economic Growth Of Swaziland, Grace Greer

International and Global Studies Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Kingdom of Eswatini, also known as Swaziland, has one of the youngest populations in the world with over 70% of citizens being under the age of 18 years old. This creates a substantial opportunity for economic, social, and educational growth in a country previously plagued with diseases such as HIV/AIDS, poor health care infrastructure cutting off thousands from basic care, and an educational system with a very low attendance rate and an even lower graduation rate. By evaluating the root causes of such issues dating back to the colonial era there is an opportunity to reprioritize health care and …


David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis 2023 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

David Versus Goliath: The Power Of Weakness In Asymmetric Warfare—Lessons From History, Nicholas K. Petaludis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Under what conditions do violent nonstate actors (VNA) succeed against states? Why does David sometimes beat Goliath? Since at least the time of Thucydides and the Peloponnesian Wars, the realist narrative in international relations measures power primarily in relative, coercive, and deterrent terms. Strong states should accordingly face fewer constraints and enjoy more options while pursuing their national interests. Unconventional warfare, and its subsets of terrorism and insurgency, should—given these circumstances, end in VNA failure. Sometimes, however, VNAs find success. By comparing the literature on historical and current case studies, I propose that a set of preconditions and two mechanisms …


Socio-Cultural Status Of Albinism In Africa: Challenging Myths, Concepts, And Stereotypes, Raita Steyn 2022 University of Pretoria, South Africa

Socio-Cultural Status Of Albinism In Africa: Challenging Myths, Concepts, And Stereotypes, Raita Steyn

Journal of Global Awareness

This article analyses the socio-cultural status of Albinism in Africa and the role unchallenged stereotypes, irrational concepts, and unfounded beliefs play in the lives of persons with albinism. Following some beliefs, persons with albinism” do not die but vanish” to later “return as ghosts to haunt the living.” The author discusses this paradox about persons with albinism identified as hunted victims and simultaneously haunting perpetrators. The research examines the concept of albinism being a curse from dead ancestors or theodicy and its association with supernatural powers. By a comparative and diachronic approach, the study challenges unsubstantiated stereotypes. This study aims …


An Ethics Assessment Model For Teaching Global Health Program And Policy Implementation, Valerie Oji, Cheryl Knight, Renuka Mahatara, Vicki Oladoyin 2022 New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine

An Ethics Assessment Model For Teaching Global Health Program And Policy Implementation, Valerie Oji, Cheryl Knight, Renuka Mahatara, Vicki Oladoyin

Journal of Global Awareness

This mixed-method study surveyed and interviewed 60 High Income Country (HIC) US citizens/immigrants and Low-to-Middle-Income-Country (LMIC) citizens of African heritage on their perceptions of mental health services in African communities for implementation and research planning. In this study, ethics was a core emergent theme for global health initiatives and challenges, including political will for ethical change, community gatekeepers, level of government involvement, community-wide participation, public-private sector collaboration, health literacy and education, transparency, continuous monitoring, and consequences for ethical infractions. Based on our findings, we propose an active teaching and learning methodology of problem-based (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL) with multi-level …


Cultural Profile As Determinant Of Work Outcomes In A Collectivist Context, Edward Akoto, Emmanuel Owusu, Prince Gyimah, Augustine Acheampong, Veronica Adu-Brobbey 2022 Henderson State University, USA

Cultural Profile As Determinant Of Work Outcomes In A Collectivist Context, Edward Akoto, Emmanuel Owusu, Prince Gyimah, Augustine Acheampong, Veronica Adu-Brobbey

Journal of Global Awareness

Extant research evidence shows that interpersonal bonds—the bond to the immediate supervisor and work team—have an incremental predictive effect in western settings, neglecting emerging economic and cultural environments. This study, thus, examines the impact of cultural profiles on interpersonal bonds and related performance in an emerging market context. Specifically, the study examines the emergence of profiles based on micro-level psychological collectivism (individualism) and power distance orientations. The study further examines the effect of the emerged profiles on interpersonal bonds and the performance of activities related to the targets of the bonds. A survey questionnaire was used to collect data from …


Effective Community Development In Informal Settlements Through Analysis Of The Kibera Slum In Kenya, Chloe Powell 2022 Bellarmine University

Effective Community Development In Informal Settlements Through Analysis Of The Kibera Slum In Kenya, Chloe Powell

Undergraduate Theses

Many people have a heart for those living in poverty, but very few have a mind for how to fight poverty well, according to Harvard University Professor Michael Fairbanks. The Kibera slums in Kenya is no exception to the plethora of challenges informal settlements face concerning development, including a lack of security of tenure, corruption, an unhealthy business environment, and a lack of jobs. Kibera has been the subject of numerous studies and development efforts throughout the years and has faced a long history of failed government interventions. In 2020, Kenya received almost $4 billion from the U.S. in official …


11th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2022, University for Business and Technology - UBT 2022 University for Business and Technology in Kosovo

11th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2022, University For Business And Technology - Ubt

UBT International Conference

Welcome to IC – UBT 2022

UBT Annual International Conference is the 11th international interdisciplinary peer reviewed conference which publishes works of the scientists as well as practitioners in the area where UBT is active in Education, Research and Development. The UBT aims to implement an integrated strategy to establish itself as an internationally competitive, research-intensive university, committed to the transfer of knowledge and the provision of a world-class education to the most talented students from all background. The main perspective of the conference is to connect the scientists and practitioners from different disciplines in the same place and make …


Beyond My Name: Ethiopians And Ethiopian Americans Confronting Identity, Language, Culture, And Education, Yeab Kebede 2022 San Jose State University

Beyond My Name: Ethiopians And Ethiopian Americans Confronting Identity, Language, Culture, And Education, Yeab Kebede

McNair Research Journal SJSU

This research project explores the cultural and educational paradigms present in both Ethiopian and American social systems. Ongoing ethnic tensions in Ethiopia have contributed to political instability and social upheaval resulting in shifts in identity formation and language usage in the United States. The central research question focuses on how Ethiopian Americans maintain their cultural practices in relation to American constructs of Blackness. 60 qualitative survey responses were gathered to examine the complexities of identity, language, and education within the Ethiopian diaspora. This demographic is under researched and requires additional inquiry and analysis to further contribute to the field of …


Full Issue, 2022 San Jose State University

Full Issue

McNair Research Journal SJSU

No abstract provided.


Review Of How To Be An Antiracist (An African’S View), Joseph L. Mbele 2022 St. Olaf College

Review Of How To Be An Antiracist (An African’S View), Joseph L. Mbele

The Journal of Social Encounters

No abstract provided.


A Beacon Of Hope In A Troubled Context: Sketches Of The Life Of Mons. Paride Taban, Shepherd And Bridge-Builder, Alberto Eisman Torres 2022 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University

A Beacon Of Hope In A Troubled Context: Sketches Of The Life Of Mons. Paride Taban, Shepherd And Bridge-Builder, Alberto Eisman Torres

The Journal of Social Encounters

Monsignor Paride Taban, Bishop emeritus of the Diocese of Torit in Southern Sudan, is a multifaceted figure. Apart from his role as pastor and religious leader, he is an outstanding peace builder and the co-founder of the New Sudan Council of Churches, one of the most significant civil society institutions during the second civil war (1983 – 2005). This institution spearheaded numerous ecumenical initiatives including development work, humanitarian relief, training of grass-roots leaders and last but not least peace mediation. He is a relentless fighter for peaceful coexistence and tolerance in an environment marked by violence, oppression and impunity and …


An Angry Shepherd: Sudanese Bishop Macram Max Gassis, John Ashworth 2022 Fellow of the Rift Valley Institute, Nairobi, Kenya

An Angry Shepherd: Sudanese Bishop Macram Max Gassis, John Ashworth

The Journal of Social Encounters

Bishop Macram Max Gassis is a near-legendary figure in Sudan since he first spoke out against human rights abuses in his country before a committee of the US Congress in 1988. Targeted by the Islamist military dictatorship which ruled Sudan for thirty years, for protesting enslavement, religious oppression, forced starvation and mass murder in Sudan, he lives in exile, bringing help and hope to his persecuted people.

This essay is condensed from the 2021 book by the same author with the same title.


The Church And Ethnopolitical Conflict In Kenya: 1982-2013, David Tarus 2022 College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University

The Church And Ethnopolitical Conflict In Kenya: 1982-2013, David Tarus

The Journal of Social Encounters

The chapter examines the role of the church in addressing the problem of ethnopolitical conflict in Kenya from 1982 to 2013. Though ethnocentrism within the Kenyan Christian community goes beyond the years cited to the colonial period and the immediate years following independence, the intensity of the problem after 1982 calls for special attention. The single event that marks political change in Kenya is the 1982 attempted coup. Although this was not successful, the coup heightened opposition against Moi’s rule and thus, 1982 marks the beginning of the recent history of Kenya, a history in which three phases may be …


Martin Luther King, Jr., Archbishop Desmond Tutu, And The Quest For Justice And Reconciliation, Hak Joon Lee 2022 Fuller Theological Seminary

Martin Luther King, Jr., Archbishop Desmond Tutu, And The Quest For Justice And Reconciliation, Hak Joon Lee

The Journal of Social Encounters

This paper studies Marin Luther King, Jr.’s and Desmond Tutu’s strivings for justice and reconciliation as the leaders of movements against white racist systems in the US and South Africa. Despite their differences in terms of nationality, age, religious denomination, and geography, the paper demonstrates how King’s and Tutu’s quests were grounded in the distinctive communal ethics informed by their Christian faith and their shared spiritual heritage as African peoples, which emphasize community, the ubiquity of religion, the moral order of the universe, and hopefulness. Contrasting their communal approach to a secular rational ethical approach to justice and peace, the …


The Malagasy Ideal Of Fihavanana And Western Ethics, Casey WOODLING 2022 San Jose State University

The Malagasy Ideal Of Fihavanana And Western Ethics, Casey Woodling

Comparative Philosophy

This essay explores various ethical dimensions of the important concept of fihavanana and its role in Malagasy ethics. As a first pass, we can say that fihavanana is a state of peace or harmony that people can achieve with others within their communities; it is modeled on the peace, harmony, solidarity, love, and closeness that is often seen in family ties. Understanding the role that fihavanana plays in the traditional ethics of the people of Madagascar does not come close to providing a complete picture of Malagasy ethics, but fihavanana is arguably the most crucial ethical concept for Malagasy. After …


Resiliency: Experiences Of African American/Black Sign Language Interpreters., Jordan Satchell, Campbell McDermid, Lindsey Totten, Anna Yarborough 2022 University of North Carolina Greensboro

Resiliency: Experiences Of African American/Black Sign Language Interpreters., Jordan Satchell, Campbell Mcdermid, Lindsey Totten, Anna Yarborough

Journal of Interpretation

There is a growing body of literature on the experiences of African American/Black sign language interpreters (Carpenter, 2017; West Oyedele, 2015), but still many challenges faced by this community in the field. For example, many experience isolation in their interpreter education programs and later in the field, and they described the programs they attended as White-centric and oppressive (Carpenter, 2017; Cokey & Schafer, 2016; West Oyedele, 2015). To understand their experiences better, a qualitative study was conducted which involved interviewing ten African American/Black interpreters. The findings indicated many barriers in the field, including racism and discrimination in systems of networking. …


Book Review: The Postcolonial African Genocide Novel: Quests For Meaningfulness, Sabah Carrim 2022 Texas State University

Book Review: The Postcolonial African Genocide Novel: Quests For Meaningfulness, Sabah Carrim

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


How African Immigrants Perceive Blackness Within The American Ideality: The Sensory Woman Art Installation, Nya K. Mbock 2022 Portland State University

How African Immigrants Perceive Blackness Within The American Ideality: The Sensory Woman Art Installation, Nya K. Mbock

University Honors Theses

This honors thesis project aimed to create a multi-sensory mural that nods to the African immigrant experience and the overarching themes of idealistic American values. The purpose of this project aims to give visual and audial representation to the perceptions of African Immigrants on American societal issues/ideologies including topics such as; the lived experience of immigrating, the individual relationships Africans hold towards the subject of immigration, and how community and tribalism are closely interwoven with immigration. The guiding question behind my thesis is: How does the ideality of America become perceived and internalized through the eyes of African immigrants? The …


The Scientific Legacy Of Abu Ja’Far Muhammad Ibn Jarir Tabari, Agzamova Muxabbatxon 2022 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY ОF UZBEKISTAN

The Scientific Legacy Of Abu Ja’Far Muhammad Ibn Jarir Tabari, Agzamova Muxabbatxon

The Light of Islam

The life of Abu Jafar al-Tabari passed during a period when the Abbasid state was weakening and disintegrating, and clashes and disagreements occurred in various parts of the caliphate. Even though, science and education developed, and authoritative works were written in numerous fields. Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari created important works on Islamic studies, especially on tafsir, fiqh, adab, and history. The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the life and scientific heritage of the scientist. The source classification of Tabari’s creativity is given, and the features of his works are studied. The works of the scientist “Kitab tahzib …


Virtual Visits To Places Of Pain: The Digital Kormantin Project, Michael J. Jarvis 2022 University of Rochester

Virtual Visits To Places Of Pain: The Digital Kormantin Project, Michael J. Jarvis

Frameless

No abstract provided.


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