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Allegheny Pittsburgh Coal V. Webster County: Are Proposition 13'S Days Numbered?, Bruce Stephan 2010 Golden Gate University School of Law

Allegheny Pittsburgh Coal V. Webster County: Are Proposition 13'S Days Numbered?, Bruce Stephan

Golden Gate University Law Review

A taxation system1 similar in practice to California's was ruled unconstitutional by the United States Supreme Court in Allegheny Pittsburgh Coal Co. v. County Commission of Webster County, West Virginia. As a result of this decision, the future of Proposition 13, which has kept property taxes affordable for millions of Californians, is uncertain. This Comment will first. discuss Proposition 13 and the cases which have interpreted it. The Allegheny Court's decision will then be closely analyzed in an attempt to predict the outcome of a constitutional challenge to Proposition 13. Lastly, changes to Proposition 13 will be recommended ...


Minimizing The Harm Of State Fiscal Volatility, David Gamage, Jeremy Bearer-Friend 2010 Berkeley Law

Minimizing The Harm Of State Fiscal Volatility, David Gamage, Jeremy Bearer-Friend

David Gamage

This report’s primary concern is how U.S. state governments should respond to the fiscal volatility created by their balanced budget constraints. Applying the principles of risk allocation theory to this recurring problem, we conclude that states should primarily adjust the rates of broad-based taxes as their economies cycle, rather than fluctuating public spending.


The Judicial Instinct To Harmonize Statutes, Steve R. Johnson 2010 Florida State University College of Law

The Judicial Instinct To Harmonize Statutes, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

Judges like to reach results that harmonize statutory meanings, both meanings within given statutes and meanings among statutes. That inclination applies as fully in tax cases as in nontax cases, and in state and local tax cases as well as in federal tax cases. Effective advocates in state-local tax controversies recognize that judicial tropism and use it, whenever possible, in their clients’ interests.

Part I discusses the harmonization instinct generally. Part II illustrates application of the harmonization approach in state and local cases. Part III notes some limitations on and unsettled questions regarding the harmonization.


Maine's General Sales Tax: An Exploration Of Policy Issues And Options, Sarah Rawlings 2010 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Maine's General Sales Tax: An Exploration Of Policy Issues And Options, Sarah Rawlings

Muskie School Capstones and Dissertations

Introduction The role of sales taxation in states’ economies has been a topic of much discussion and controversy since its inception in some states more than 70 years ago. The sales tax has been a critical component of revenue generation for some 98% of states over the last 50 years, but policy-makers and economists have become concerned in recent years about the dwindling revenues being generated by sales taxation in most states.


When General Statutes And Specific Statutes Conflict, Steve R. Johnson 2010 Florida State University College of Law

When General Statutes And Specific Statutes Conflict, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

It’s no secret that the pace of lawmaking in the United States has accelerated dramatically in recent decades. So much so that one may be forgiven for thinking that the best law reform would be a moratorium on further law reform – - to give citizens, their legal representatives, and government officials the opportunity to catch up with the laws we already have made.

Legislatures, agencies, and courts all have made their contributions to the torrent of lawmaking. The phenomenon has been attributed to various causes, including growing populations, greater population densities as a result of urbanization, rapid technological changes, proliferating ...


Delimitación Téorica Del Delito Penal Fiscal, Bruno L. Costantini García 2010 ITESM Campus Puebla

Delimitación Téorica Del Delito Penal Fiscal, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

Anális de los elementos constitutivos del delito fiscal, la acción delictiva, los grados de ejecución, la consumación y los responsables.

Pretende distinguir el delito penal común del delito penal fiscal con base en sus elementos y pretende aportar una reflexión de la criminalización del delito fiscal en nuestros tiempos, usado por la Autoridad Hacendaria como un medio de represíón y de opresión de los derechos del contribuyente.


La Globalización De La Legislación Cambiaria, Bruno L. Costantini García 2010 ITESM Campus Puebla

La Globalización De La Legislación Cambiaria, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

No abstract provided.


Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García, Norma E. Pimentel Méndez 2010 ITESM Campus Puebla

Protección De Datos Personales, Bruno L. Costantini García, Norma E. Pimentel Méndez

Bruno L. Costantini García

Introducción a la regulación de la protección de datos personales en México.


Is Lost Tax Revenue Property Under Rico?, Steve R. Johnson 2010 Florida State University College of Law

Is Lost Tax Revenue Property Under Rico?, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

The last installment of this column began an examination of the use of the federal civil RICO Act in state and local tax administration controversies. This installment closes the loop by answering questions posed, but not resolved, last time. This column explores whether uncollected tax revenue - or loss of the opportunity to collect tax revenue - constitutes “business or property” under the civil RICO statute. This exploration also takes up the related question whether tax authorities will be able to overcome judicial reluctance to turning RICO into a tax collection statute.

Part I of this column reprises how RICO can come ...


Civil Rico And State And Local Taxes, Steve R. Johnson 2010 Florida State University College of Law

Civil Rico And State And Local Taxes, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

Vast is the garden of state and local taxation, and exotic are some of the blossoms to be found there. This installment of Interpretation Matters will consider one of those curious blooms: use of the civil RICO statute directly or collaterally in state-local tax administration. The U.S. Supreme Court has addressed the state-local tax implications of civil RICO three times in recent years: in the Anza case in 2006, Bridge in 2008, and Hemi, decided on January 25, 2010.

The first section below sketches civil actions under the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act. The next three sections describe ...


The Tax Injunction Act And Federal Jurisdiction: Reasoning From The Underlying Goals Of Federalism And Comity, David Fautsch 2010 University of Michigan Law School

The Tax Injunction Act And Federal Jurisdiction: Reasoning From The Underlying Goals Of Federalism And Comity, David Fautsch

Michigan Law Review

States routinely contest federal jurisdiction when a state tax is challenged in federal district court on federal constitutional grounds. States argue that the Tax Injunction Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1341 (2006), bars jurisdiction and, even if the Tax Injunction Act does not apply, the principals of federalism and comity require abstention. The United States Supreme Court has not squarely addressed the scope of federalism and comity in relation to the Tax Injunction Act, and federal courts of appeal are split. In the Fourth and Tenth Circuits, federalism and comity require federal district courts to abstain even where the Tax ...


Derecho De La Seguridad Social En México, Bruno L. Costantini García 2010 ITESM Campus Puebla

Derecho De La Seguridad Social En México, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

Breve presentación del Derecho de la Segurida Social en México.

¿Qué es?

¿Cómo funciona?

¿Su aplicación?


State Taxation: The Role Of Congress In Defining Nexus, Walter Hellerstein 2010 University of Georgia School of Law

State Taxation: The Role Of Congress In Defining Nexus, Walter Hellerstein

Presentations and Speeches

Testimony before the Subcommittee on Commercial and Administrative Law Regulatory Reform and Oversight to "help us understand the implications of defining nexus."

Currently, States levy a tax on income earned or on a transaction occurring within its borders. The taxpayer is liable only if there exists a nexus or a connection between the State and the activities of the taxpayer. Some taxpayers have expressed concerns that current State tax policies are difficult to navigate, leading to unpredictable tax bills or incurring onerous paperwork. They contend that States utilize an overly broad tax nexus standard to impose unnecessary taxes and urge ...


E-Vat: An Electronically Collected Progressive Consumption Tax, Daniel S. Goldberg 2010 University of Maryland School of Law

E-Vat: An Electronically Collected Progressive Consumption Tax, Daniel S. Goldberg

Faculty Scholarship

This report proposes replacing the income tax with an electronic, progressive consumption tax that couples a credit-method VAT (modified for wages) with a progressive wage tax. I have called this proposal e-VAT (a convenient contraction for an electronic value added tax), because it is based on a business-level-credit VAT and can be collected automatically and electronically at the point of sale.

The essential advantage of e-VAT over the Hall-Rabushka flat tax is that e-VAT’s use of a credit VAT as its foundation facilitates automatic and electronic collection of the tax. A credit VAT lends itself to electronic monitoring and ...


Sparks Nugget: State Tax Exemption Of Food Used By Casinos For Comped Meals, Steve R. Johnson 2010 Florida State University College of Law

Sparks Nugget: State Tax Exemption Of Food Used By Casinos For Comped Meals, Steve R. Johnson

Scholarly Publications

No abstract provided.


Foreword: Rights, Remedies, And Rose, Scott R. Bauries 2010 University of Kentucky College of Law

Foreword: Rights, Remedies, And Rose, Scott R. Bauries

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

In this Foreword to the University of Kentucky’s “Rose at 20” Special Feature, I seek to introduce the three featured articles, as well as to identify two major paradigm shifts in school finance litigation that grew out of the Kentucky Supreme Court’s decision in Rose v. Council for Better Education. The Rose decision is commonly thought of as a bridge between prior education litigation strategies founded primarily on theories of equity or equality and subsequent litigation strategies founded primarily on theories of adequacy. Although the distinction between these two strategies is well-worn, it obscures two important changes to ...


The Difficulty Of Getting Serious About State Corporate Tax Reform, Charles E. McClure 2010 Washington and Lee University School of Law

The Difficulty Of Getting Serious About State Corporate Tax Reform, Charles E. Mcclure

Washington and Lee Law Review

In his Note, Beyond BATSA: Getting Serious About Corporate Tax Reform,1 Quinn Ryan examines several common defects of state corporate income taxes that, in isolation or in combination, create distortions, inequities, and complexity, and argues for federal legislation that would substantially reduce the problems he describes. I will expand a bit on Ryan's analysis, review some history, and argue that neither multilateral state action nor federal legislation-especially legislation that would not make matters worse-is likely to occur.


Beyond Batsa: State Taxation Without State Boundaries?, Neil V. Birkhoff 2010 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Beyond Batsa: State Taxation Without State Boundaries?, Neil V. Birkhoff

Washington and Lee Law Review

In his Note, Beyond BA TSA: Getting Serious About State Corporate Tax Reform, Quinn Ryan provides us with the following: (1) an overview of the problem of diminishing state corporate tax revenues;2 (2) the basic legal principles applicable in administering state corporate income taxes;3 and (3) a history of the development of state tax nexus standards.4 Ryan uses the Business Activity Tax Simplification Act of 2009 (BATSA) to point out where reform is necessary and argues that BATSA is not the answer.6 While Ryan notes the myriad of problems with corporate income tax apportionment statutes 7 ...


Proposition 13 And The California Fiscal Shell Game, Colin H. McCubbins, Mathew D. McCubbins 2010 Duke Law School

Proposition 13 And The California Fiscal Shell Game, Colin H. Mccubbins, Mathew D. Mccubbins

Faculty Scholarship

We study the effects of California’s tax and expenditure limitations, especially Proposition 13. We find that Proposition 13 was indeed effective at reducing both ad valorem property taxes per capita and total state and local taxes per capita, at least in the short run. We further argue that there have been unintended second- ary effects that have resulted in an increased tax burden, undermining the aims of Proposition 13. To circumvent the limits imposed by Proposition 13, the state has drastically increased nonguaranteed debt, has privatized the public fisc, and has devolved the authority to lay and collect taxes ...


Beyond Batsa: Getting Serious About State Corporate Tax Reform, Quinn T. Ryan 2010 Washington and Lee University School of Law

Beyond Batsa: Getting Serious About State Corporate Tax Reform, Quinn T. Ryan

Washington and Lee Law Review

The state corporate income tax system is broken, and only Congress can fix it. The current state of affairs is problematic for states, burdensome for multistate corporations,2 and unfair to smaller, local businesses.3 States are unable to resolve these problems themselves; federal intervention is the only solution.


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