A 'Public' Journey Through Covid-19: Donald Trump, Twitter, And The Secrecy Of U.S. Presidents’ Health, 2021 University of Florida Levin College of Law
A 'Public' Journey Through Covid-19: Donald Trump, Twitter, And The Secrecy Of U.S. Presidents’ Health, Mark Fenster
UF Law Faculty Publications
Donald Trump ignored numerous governance norms in his one term as U.S. President, especially those that prescribe disclosure of official and personal financial information. His brief period of illness from COVID-19, which he broadcast to the world via his Twitter account, revealed the complexity of Trump’s relationship to the concept and norms of transparency that presume information’s necessity for a functional and accountable state. At the same time that Trump offered little in the way of coherent and authoritative information about his health, he also provided an enormous amount of seemingly “inside” and direct accounts of the ...
#Audited: Social Media And Tax Enforcement, 2021 Washington and Lee University School of Law
#Audited: Social Media And Tax Enforcement, Michelle Lyon Drumbl
With limited resources and a diminished budget, it is not surprising that the Internal Revenue Service would seek new tools to maximize its enforcement efficiency. Automation and technology provide new opportunities for the IRS, and in turn, present new concerns for taxpayers. In December 2018, the IRS signaled its interest in a tool to access publicly available social media profiles of individuals in order to “expedite IRS case resolution for existing compliance cases.” This has important implications for taxpayer privacy.
Moreover, the use of social media in tax enforcement may pose a particular harm to an especially vulnerable population: low-income ...
Privacy-As-Property: A New Fundamental Approach To The Right To Privacy And The Impact This Will Have On The Law And Corporations, Sevion Dacosta
CMC Senior Theses
The most popular conception of the right to privacy stems from Warren and Brandeis’s description of privacy as “the right to be left alone.” This theory ultimately points to a more fundamental approach to the right to privacy rooted in property rights. This fundamental approach - which I call privacy-as-property - is what I establish in this paper. I argue that the Lockean concept of property that “every man has a property in his own person” provides the foundation for the right to privacy. Privacy-as-property begins with the fundamental right to control oneself. Because of this intrinsic right, your property right ...
Who Owns The Skies? Ad Coelum, Property Rights, And State Sovereignty, 2021 Georgetown University Law Center
Who Owns The Skies? Ad Coelum, Property Rights, And State Sovereignty, Laura K. Donohue
Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works
In light of the history of the doctrine of ad coelum, as well as the states’ preeminent role (secured by the Tenth Amendment) in regulating property and airspace up to the 500-foot level, it is remarkable that the federal government has begun to claim that it controls everything above the blades of grass. This chapter challenges those statements, demonstrating that history and law establish that property owners, and the states, control the airspace adjacent to the land.
The Fourth Amendment At Home, 2021 University of South Carolina School of Law
The Fourth Amendment At Home, Thomas P. Crocker
Indiana Law Journal
A refuge, a domain of personal privacy, and the seat of familial life, the home holds a special place in Fourth Amendment jurisprudence. Supreme Court opinions are replete with statements affirming the special status of the home. Fourth Amendment text places special emphasis on securing protections for the home in addition to persons, papers, and effects against unwarranted government intrusion. Beyond the Fourth Amendment, the home has a unique place within constitutional structure. The home receives privacy protections in addition to sheltering other constitutional values protected by the Due Process Clause and the First Amendment. For example, under the Due ...
Contracting For Algorithmic Accountability, 2021 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
Contracting For Algorithmic Accountability, Cary Coglianese, Erik Lampmann
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
As local, state, and federal governments increase their reliance on artificial intelligence (AI) decision-making tools designed and operated by private contractors, so too do public concerns increase over the accountability and transparency of such AI tools. But current calls to respond to these concerns by banning governments from using AI will only deny society the benefits that prudent use of such technology can provide. In this Article, we argue that government agencies should pursue a more nuanced and effective approach to governing the governmental use of AI by structuring their procurement contracts for AI tools and services in ways that ...
The "Exceptionalist Trap": Why The Future First Amendment Must Take Fundamental Human Rights Into Account, 2021 University of Texas at Austin
The "Exceptionalist Trap": Why The Future First Amendment Must Take Fundamental Human Rights Into Account, Amy Kristin Sanders
Washington University Journal of Law & Policy
Other countries do not have the same approach to freedom of expression as the United States. The American approach to freedom of expression wields influence around the world. Sanders argues the United States’ unwillingness to consider alternatives to the current categorical approach to free speech can no longer be justified. This Article explores the possibility of better aligning free expression jurisprudence in the United States with other liberal democracies. Sanders argues that alignment will result in the elevation of other human rights in the United States including privacy, dignity, and autonomy.
Employee Testing, Tracing, And Disclosure As A Response To The Coronavirus Pandemic, 2021 Saint Louis University School of Law
Employee Testing, Tracing, And Disclosure As A Response To The Coronavirus Pandemic, Matthew T. Bodie, Michael Mcmahon
Washington University Journal of Law & Policy
Testing, tracing, and disclosure is a common workplace safety measure implemented to mitigate the spread of the coronavirus in the United States. The absence of a coordinated national response presented local governments and private businesses with difficult questions regarding operation in the pandemic. This Article analyzes the legal framework for this approach, specifically addressing concerns of invasion into worker privacy. This Article encourages employers to develop their own testing, tracing, and disclosure systems to prevent widespread workplace outbreaks, avoid costly litigation, and preserve their business operations. Steps integral to the system include: providing clear notice to employees about what is ...
No Exit: Ten Years Of "Privacy Vs. Speech" Post-Sorrell, 2021 Vanderbilt Law School
No Exit: Ten Years Of "Privacy Vs. Speech" Post-Sorrell, G.S. Hans
Washington University Journal of Law & Policy
Privacy and free speech are often described as oppositional forces. This Essay analyzes First Amendment jurisprudence emphasizing the ten years after Sorrell vs. IMS Health was decided in 2011. In this Essay, Hans contextualizes First Amendment challenges to privacy laws. Hans cautions that the Supreme Court has moved perilously close towards a jurisprudence under which privacy laws are nearly impossible to craft. Hans demonstrates that the need for privacy regulation can satisfy a strict scrutiny standard of review. Hans argues that the stakes for privacy are incredibly high and warrant careful consideration by the Supreme Court.
Data Governance And The Elasticity Of Sovereignty, 2020 Brooklyn Law School
Data Governance And The Elasticity Of Sovereignty, Roxana Vatanparast
Brooklyn Journal of International Law
Traditionally, the world map and territorially bounded spaces have dominated the ways in which we imagine how states govern, make laws, and exercise their authority. Under this conception, reflected in traditional international law principles of territorial sovereignty, each state would have exclusive authority to govern and make laws over everything concerning the land within its borders. Yet developments like the proliferation of data flows, which are based on divisible, mobile, and interconnected components of data, are not territorially bounded. This presents a challenge to the traditional bases for territorial sovereignty and jurisdiction under international law, which some scholars claim is ...
Easing The Burdens Of A Patchwork Approach To Data Privacy Regulation In Favor Of A Singular Comprehensive International Solution—The International Data Privacy Agreement, Scott Resnick
Brooklyn Journal of International Law
Data privacy has become one of the premier hot-button issues in today’s increasingly digital human experience. Legislatures around the globe have attempted to act swiftly in an effort to safeguard the highly coveted personal information of their citizens and combat misuse at the hands of international businesses operating with an online presence. Since the European Union’s enactment of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in 2018, countries around the globe have been grappling with how best to replicate the EU’s leading data privacy regulation while providing the same or greater level of transparency into data collection practices ...
An Australian Conundrum: Genomic Technology, Data, And The Covidsafe App, 2020 The University of Queensland, TC Beirne School of Law
An Australian Conundrum: Genomic Technology, Data, And The Covidsafe App, David Morrison, Patrick T. Quirk
Pace International Law Review
This paper examines the difficulties that have arisen in Australia in the use of its contact-tracing app. We examine the privacy implications around the use of the app, the wider economic imperative, and the balancing of those concerns against the health threat of the COVID-19 pandemic. We posit that default options are superior in times of emergency and rather than begging for the adoption of lifesaving technology, we suggest that the evidence gathered by behavioral economists provides an apposite and powerful alternative worthy of consideration.
The Jones Trespass Doctrine And The Need For A Reasonable Solution To Unreasonable Protection, 2020 South Texas College of Law, Houston
The Jones Trespass Doctrine And The Need For A Reasonable Solution To Unreasonable Protection, Geoffrey Corn
Arkansas Law Review
Each day that Houston drivers exit from Interstate 45 to drive to downtown Houston, they pass an odd sight. Nestled within some bushes is an encampment of tents. This encampment is very clearly located on public property adjacent to the interstate highway, and equally clearly populated by homeless individuals. While local police ostensibly tolerate this presence, at least temporarily, the sight frequently evokes an image in my mind of a police search of those tents. This thought is especially prominent on the days I am driving to my law school, South Texas College of Law Houston, to teach my federal ...
The Ftc And Ai Governance: A Regulatory Proposal, 2020 Seattle University School of Law
The Ftc And Ai Governance: A Regulatory Proposal, Michael Spiro
Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law
No abstract provided.
Privacy Vs. Transparency: Handling Protected Materials In Agency Rulemaking, 2020 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School
Privacy Vs. Transparency: Handling Protected Materials In Agency Rulemaking, Christopher S. Yoo, Kellen Mccoy
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Agencies conducting informal rulemaking proceedings increasingly confront conflicting duties with respect to protected materials included in information submitted in public rulemaking dockets. They must reconcile the broad commitment to openness and transparency reflected in federal law with the duty to protect confidential business information (CBI) and personally identifiable information (PII) against improper disclosure.
This Article presents an analysis of how agencies can best balance these often-countervailing considerations. Part I explores the statutory duties to disclose and withhold information submitted in public rulemaking dockets placed on agencies. It also examines judicial decisions and other legal interpretations regarding the proper way to ...
Law Enforcement’S Use Of Facial Recognition Software In United States Cities, 2020 Bridgewater State University
Law Enforcement’S Use Of Facial Recognition Software In United States Cities, Samantha Jean Wunschel
Honors Program Theses and Projects
Facial recognition software is something we use every day, whether it’s a suggested tag on our Facebook post or a faster way to unlock our phones. As technology becomes increasingly pervasive in our lives, law enforcement has adapted to utilize the new tools available in accessory to their investigations and the legal process.
National Cybersecurity Innovation, 2020 California Western School of Law
National Cybersecurity Innovation, Tabrez Y. Ebrahim
West Virginia Law Review
National cybersecurity plays a crucial role in protecting our critical infrastructure, such as telecommunication networks, the electricity grid, and even financial transactions. Most discussions about promoting national cybersecurity focus on governance structures, international relations, and political science. In contrast, this Article proposes a different agenda and one that promotes the use of innovation mechanisms for technological advancement. By promoting inducements for technological developments, such innovation mechanisms encourage the advancement of national cybersecurity solutions. In exploring possible solutions, this Article asks whether the government or markets can provide national cybersecurity innovation. This inquiry is a fragment of a much larger literature ...
Trading Privacy For Promotion? Fourth Amendment Implications Of Employers Using Wearable Sensors To Assess Worker Performance, 2020 California State University Fullerton
Trading Privacy For Promotion? Fourth Amendment Implications Of Employers Using Wearable Sensors To Assess Worker Performance, George M. Dery Iii
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy
This Article considers the Fourth Amendment implications of a study on a passive monitoring system where employees shared data from wearables, phone applications, and position beacons that provided private information such as weekend phone use, sleep patterns in the bedroom, and emotional states. The study’s authors hope to use the data collected to create a new system for objectively assessing employee performance that will replace the current system which is plagued by the inherent bias of self-reporting and peer-review and which is labor intensive and inefficient. The researchers were able to successfully link the data collected with the quality ...
Global Privacy Concerns Of Facial Recognition Big Data, 2020 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
Global Privacy Concerns Of Facial Recognition Big Data, Myranda Westbrook
Facial recognition technology is a system of automatic acknowledgement that recognizes individuals by categorizing specific features of their facial structure to link the scanned information to stored data. Within the past few decades facial recognition technology has been implemented on a large scale to increase the security measures needed to access personal information. This has been specifically used in surveillance systems, social media platforms, and mobile device access control. The extensive use of facial recognition systems has created challenges as it relates to biometric information control and privacy concerns. This concern raises the cost and benefit analysis of an individual ...
From Blockbuster To Big Brother: How An Increase In Mobile Phone Apps Has Led To A Decrease In Privacy Under The Video Privacy Protection Act, 2020 University of Florida Levin College of Law
From Blockbuster To Big Brother: How An Increase In Mobile Phone Apps Has Led To A Decrease In Privacy Under The Video Privacy Protection Act, Carlee Rizzolo
Florida Law Review
Congress enacted the Video Privacy Protection Act (BPPA or the Act) in 1988 to protect consumers by prohibiting video tape service providers from knowingly disclosing their personally identifable information to any person, without first obtaining consent. The VPPA defines "consumer" as any renter, purchaser, or subscriber. However, the Act does not define the term "subscriber." Over the past thirty years, there has been a rapid increase in the use of downloadable apps that allow individuals to watch videos and other online content for free on their mobile phones. Does the sole act of downloading a free app onto a mobile ...