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The African American Students’ Guide To Stem Career, Robert Palmer, PhD, Andrew Arroyo, Ed.D 2016 Norfolk State University

The African American Students’ Guide To Stem Career, Robert Palmer, Phd, Andrew Arroyo, Ed.D

Robert T. Palmer, PhD

No abstract provided.


1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll 2016 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

1. Types Of Alignment: Presentations & Demos Assignment, Sarah O'Leary-Driscoll

Sequence Alignments

Pairwise Alignment: DNA

Pairwise Alignment: Protein

Multiple Sequence Alignment: DNA

Multiple Sequence Alignment: Protein


An Examination Of Black Male Success In High School Mathematics, David Walters Jr. 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

An Examination Of Black Male Success In High School Mathematics, David Walters Jr.

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects (2014-Present)

For a national sample of Black male students, what is the relative impact of instructional technology on 10th and 12th grade math scores? This dissertation employs two waves of the Education Longitudinal Study (2002 & 2004) and multivariate statistical techniques to explore the relative importance of instructional technology (implementation by teachers and training for teachers), student perception of math ability, teacher and school effects, as well as socioeconomic status on high school math scores for this unique population.

Bourdieu’s cultural and social capital, Coleman’s cultural capital and social action, Martin’s equity-based math education, and Gutierrez’s socio-political mathematics ...


The Interconnectedness Of Relational And Content Dimensions Of Quality Instruction: Supportive Teacher-Student Relationships In Urban Elementary Mathematics Classrooms, Dan Battey, Rebecca A. Neal, Luis Leyva, Karlyn Adams-Wiggins 2016 Rutgers University - New Brunswick/Piscataway

The Interconnectedness Of Relational And Content Dimensions Of Quality Instruction: Supportive Teacher-Student Relationships In Urban Elementary Mathematics Classrooms, Dan Battey, Rebecca A. Neal, Luis Leyva, Karlyn Adams-Wiggins

Rebecca Neal

Scholars assert that the often-impoverished instructional practices found in urban schools are tied to teachers’ negative relationships with African American and Latiná1 students (Ferguson, 1998; McKown & Weinstein, 2002; McKown & Weinstein, 2008; Morris, 2005; Stiff & Harvey, 1988). However, measures of mathematics instructional quality rarely measure relational elements of instruction. This study responds to such shortcomings by analyzing relational interactions in urban elementary mathematics classrooms in tandem with content instruction of teachers who engage in supportive relationships with African American and Latiná students. This study identified teachers with high quality student performance, content instruction, and supportive relationships as defined ...


Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner 2016 The College at Brockport

Metacognition And Student Achievement In Mathematics, Nancy Laistner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today’s students often struggle when solving with mathematical problems on tests. While students may have the content knowledge to solve these problems, often they do not have the ability to identify what content knowledge should be applied and when it should be applied. At times, students make simple computational mistakes or simply give up on problems part way through because they do not feel that they are on the right path. Students need to be equipped with metacognitive strategies which will help them to overcome these issues. This paper discusses metacognition and its’ impact on student achievement in mathematics ...


An Analysis Of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers’ Understanding Of Mathematical Number Sense As Tested On The Timss Assessment, Monica J. Doriney 2016 Kennesaw State University

An Analysis Of Pre-Service Elementary Teachers’ Understanding Of Mathematical Number Sense As Tested On The Timss Assessment, Monica J. Doriney

Doctor of Education in Secondary Education Dissertations

This study investigated pre-service elementary teacher’s performance on released items from the 2011 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 4th grade mathematics assessment. This study combined an error analysis of pre-service teacher’s errors with a chi-square test for association between type of error and question type as well as type of error and type of cognitive domain. Only number sense questions were chosen, and all questions included were rewritten to (1) be in free response form and (2) encourage pre-service teachers to show all of their work when answering the questions.The test was administered over ...


Structural-Symbolic Translation Fluency: Reliability, Validity, And Usability, Matt C. Hoskins 2016 East Tennessee State University

Structural-Symbolic Translation Fluency: Reliability, Validity, And Usability, Matt C. Hoskins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Standardized formative mathematics assessments typically fail to capture the depth of current standards and curricula. Consequently, these assessments demonstrate limited utility for informing the instructional implementation choices of teachers. This problem is particularly salient as it relates to the mathematical problem solving process. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate the psychometric characteristics of Structural-Symbolic Translation Fluency, a curriculum-based measure (CBM) of mathematical problem solving. The development of the assessment was based on previous research describing the cognitive process of translation (Mayer, 2002) as well as mathematical concept development at the quantitative, structural, and symbolic levels (Dehaene ...


Supplemental Action Learning Workshops: Understanding The Effects Of Independent And Cooperative Workshops On Students’ Knowledge, Kathryn M. Morris 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Supplemental Action Learning Workshops: Understanding The Effects Of Independent And Cooperative Workshops On Students’ Knowledge, Kathryn M. Morris

Dissertations

Community colleges enroll more than half of the undergraduate population in the United States, thereby retaining students of varying demographics with extracurricular demands differing from traditional four-year university students. Often in a collegiate lecture course, students are limited in their abilities to absorb and process information presented by their instructors due to content-specific cognitive gaps between the instructor and the student (Preszler, 2009). Research has shown implementation of instructor-facilitated action learning workshops as supplemental instruction may help bridge these cognitive gaps allowing better student conceptualization and dissemination of knowledge (Drake, 2001; Fullilove & Treisman, 1990; Preszler, 2009; Udovick et al., 2002).

The purpose ...


An Investigation Of Selected Variables Related To Student Algebra I Performance In Mississippi, Undray L. Scott 2016 The University of Southern Mssissippi

An Investigation Of Selected Variables Related To Student Algebra I Performance In Mississippi, Undray L. Scott

Dissertations

This research study attempted to determine if specific variables were related to student performance on the Algebra I subject-area test. This study also sought to determine in which of grades 8, 9, or 10 students performed better on the Algebra I Subject Area Test. This study also investigated the different criteria that are used to schedule students into Algebra I. Principals in respondent schools indicated that 8th graders performed better on the Algebra I Subject Area Test, followed by 9th and then 10th grade students. The data indicated that administrators believed that 8th grade student performance ...


Evaluating College Biology Laboratory Accommodations For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments, Barbara Rae Heard 2016 University of New England

Evaluating College Biology Laboratory Accommodations For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments, Barbara Rae Heard

All Theses And Dissertations

Studies show that active participation in science laboratory activities promotes student learning. However, students with blindness and visual impairments (BVI) often confront obstacles to active participation in the required activities of the college biology laboratory. Legislation requires institutions of higher education to provide accommodations for students with disabilities, yet the institutions must also maintain the academic integrity of their courses and programs. While college biology instructors provide specific accommodations, such as tactile models and audible devices, to enable active participation by students with BVI, they do so without research-supported guidelines for best practices. This mixed methods study sought to evaluate ...


Exploring Elementary Students’ Agricultural And Scientific Knowledge Using Evidence Centered Design, Molly R. Brandt 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Exploring Elementary Students’ Agricultural And Scientific Knowledge Using Evidence Centered Design, Molly R. Brandt

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

The public is more disconnected from agriculture than ever. Americans are two to four generations removed from the farm, and a majority of Americans, even in rural agricultural states have no direct link to agriculture. As a result, the public lacks the knowledge and appreciation of the food, fuel, and fiber it demands. The National Center for Agricultural Literacy (NCAL) uses National Agricultural Learning Objectives (NALOs) to measure student’s agricultural knowledge. The purpose of this project is to develop assessments aligned with the NALOs and to use results from the assessments to further understand students’ agricultural literacy. This study ...


Changing The Scholarly Sources Landscape With Geomorphology Undergraduate Students, Heidi Blackburn, Ashlee L.D. Dere 2016 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Changing The Scholarly Sources Landscape With Geomorphology Undergraduate Students, Heidi Blackburn, Ashlee L.D. Dere

Heidi Blackburn

Science is a core discipline in academia yet the focus of most undergraduate technical writing is generally on the data and results, not the literature review. The Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) librarian and a new geology professor at the University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO) collaborated to develop an information literacy session for students in a geomorphology class. Here we outline the background of the campus STEM initiatives and the assignment as well as the library instruction activity, learning outcomes, and assessment components. The activity improved student use of scholarly sources and we provide suggested activity modifications for ...


Successful Female Students In Undergraduate Computer Science And Computer Engineering: Motivation, Self-Regulation, And Qualitative Characteristics, Melissa Patterson Hazley 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Successful Female Students In Undergraduate Computer Science And Computer Engineering: Motivation, Self-Regulation, And Qualitative Characteristics, Melissa Patterson Hazley

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Computer Science (CS) and Computer Engineering (CE) fields typically have not been successful at recruiting or retaining women students. Research indicates several reasons for this shortage but mainly from three perspectives: social issues, exposure/prior knowledge and curriculum issues in K-12 settings. This mixed-methods research addresses a gap in the literature by investigating the motivation and self-regulation behaviors of successful female students who are studying computer science and computer engineering. The findings in phase one of this study indicated that learning and performance approach goals predicted adaptive strategic self-regulation behaviors including strategy use, knowledge building and engagement. Learning avoidance goals ...


Concepts About Sedimentology And Stratigraphy In Undergraduate Geoscience Courses, Bailey Z. Kreager 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Concepts About Sedimentology And Stratigraphy In Undergraduate Geoscience Courses, Bailey Z. Kreager

Dissertations & Theses in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

This two-part study examines sedimentologic and stratigraphic concepts in undergraduate geoscience courses. The first part seeks to identify the various types of interactive engagement strategies used in undergraduate science courses, how they are used and in what fields. It also looks at areas in which the geosciences have excelled in interactive engagement strategies. Published studies describing interactive engagement strategies in college-level courses were collected and coded, which identified six emergent types of interactive engagement strategies: (1) Polling, (2) Full-Class Discussion and Activities, (3) In-Class Group Work, (4) Out-Of-Class Group Work, (5) Online Work, and (6) Other types. Interactive engagement strategies ...


21st Century Reasoning Modalities In Interdisciplinary Stem Education, Bryan Gallant 2016 Georgia Southern University

21st Century Reasoning Modalities In Interdisciplinary Stem Education, Bryan Gallant

Georgia Southern University Research Symposium

The overarching goal of the Institute for Interdisciplinary STEM Education (iå_STEMe) at Georgia Southern University is to improve student engagement and learning outcomes in STEM courses through immersion in authentic, real-world, problem-based and place-based educational settings. To accomplish this goal, iå_STEMe has partnered with 10 middle and high schools located in Georgia to incorporate a series of reasoning modalities developed to meet the requirements of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) to develop STEM literate citizens capable of making informed decisions, and to open up opportunities to fill the growing need for STEM professionals. The reasoning modalities developed are Complex ...


Building Exemplary Teaching Practices: Following The Paths Of New Science Teachers, Elizabeth B. Lewis, Ana Rivero, Aaron Musson, Jia Lu, Lyrica Lucas 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Building Exemplary Teaching Practices: Following The Paths Of New Science Teachers, Elizabeth B. Lewis, Ana Rivero, Aaron Musson, Jia Lu, Lyrica Lucas

Talks and Presentations: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

There are few comprehensive studies of beginning science teachers that describe enacted teaching practices in terms of inquiry-based instruction, classroom discourse, assessment, and curricular choices, and explore how these factors interact with teaching self-efficacy. We conducted a 3-year, longitudinal study of four cohorts of master’s level science teacher education program graduates. We coded and analyzed 319 science lessons of new teachers from student teaching to third year post-program to describe teachers’ enacted practices and gathered annual teaching self-efficacy reports to examine teachers’ beliefs. Our analysis resulted in key findings relevant to future programmatic improvements. First, when we reviewed specific ...


The Impact Of A Story-Based Lesson On Student Learning And Attitudes, Janice Marie Fulford 2016 Western Michigan University

The Impact Of A Story-Based Lesson On Student Learning And Attitudes, Janice Marie Fulford

Research and Creative Activities Poster Day

Recent work by Stephen Klassen draws attention to specific structural elements that are thought to give stories their explanatory power in the context of physics. In this poster we report results of a study based on Klassen’s pioneering work but in the context of evolution. A mixed-method research study was conducted over two semesters at a Midwest university to determine if a story developed from the history of research on industrial melanism over the course of a three day lesson would result in improved student understanding of the concept of natural selection.

The study involved a direct comparison of ...


Reliability And Criterion Validity Of Two Algebra Measures: Translations And Content Analysis-Multiple Choice, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson 2016 Iowa State University

Reliability And Criterion Validity Of Two Algebra Measures: Translations And Content Analysis-Multiple Choice, Anne Foegen, Jeannette R. Olson

Anne Foegen

This technical report summarizes the results of a study in which we examined the technical adequacy of two potential measures for algebra progress monitoring. Eighty-seven students (11 of whom were receiving special education services) completed two forms of a Translations measure and two forms of a Content Analysis-Multiple Choice measure during each of two data collection sessions. In addition, we gathered data on criterion variables including grades, overall grade point average, teacher ratings of student proficiency, and scores on districtadministered standardized tests, as well as a measure of algebra aptitude. We examined both test-retest and alternate form reliability for both ...


Implementation Of Flipped Classrooms In A Non-Major Biology Course, Leah Good 2016 Murray State University

Implementation Of Flipped Classrooms In A Non-Major Biology Course, Leah Good

Scholars Week

With major calls for reform in STEM education from professional organizations (e.g. AAAS, NIH, NSF), studies have found that faculty in higher education can improve student learning by changing their teaching from teacher-centered to student-centered. Change in teaching practice can be difficult, however, especially without significant training. One method of introducing student-centered teaching practices into the classroom is through the use of a flipped classroom model, where students engage in learner-centered activities within the classroom and receive passively-transmitted information outside the classroom. The focus of my study was two-fold, (a) to determine if the flipped classroom method affects student ...


Assessing Student Comprehension In Introductory Biology: A Comparison Of Free-Response And Multiple-True/False Exam Formats, Macy A. Potts, Brian Couch, Joanna Hubbard 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Assessing Student Comprehension In Introductory Biology: A Comparison Of Free-Response And Multiple-True/False Exam Formats, Macy A. Potts, Brian Couch, Joanna Hubbard

UCARE Research Products

Question format is an important consideration when designing instruments to gauge student comprehension. In many lecture-style courses, instructors must decide how to effectively test a large group of students. Two common types of question formats used for introductory biology exams are free-response (FR) and multiple-true/false (MTF). FR questions include a question prompt which students respond to with essay-style answers. Conversely, MTF questions include an opening question stem with accompanying statements to be marked as either true or false. The goal of this study was to determine the advantages and disadvantages of FR and MTF question formats for assessing student ...


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