Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Science and Mathematics Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,564 Full-Text Articles 2,636 Authors 781,478 Downloads 150 Institutions

All Articles in Science and Mathematics Education

Faceted Search

2,564 full-text articles. Page 1 of 67.

Strengthening Elementary Students' Understanding Of Factors, Jordan R. Frotz 2016 University of Montana - Missoula

Strengthening Elementary Students' Understanding Of Factors, Jordan R. Frotz

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

Research on pre-service elementary school teachers’ understanding of the multiplicative structure of the natural numbers demonstrates an under-utilization of unique prime factorization in the identification of a number’s factors. For example, Zazkis and Campbell (1996b) found that a majority of teacher candidates employed trial division to analyze factor-candidates of a number, even when both were presented in prime-factored-form. Recent studies (i.e. Roscoe & Feldman, 2015) have shown that teachers’ understanding of factor can be strengthened by engaging in a sequence of instructional tasks that explore the relationship between a number’s prime factorization and its factors. This study seeks ...


The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand 2015 The College at Brockport

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


What Concerns Are Secondary Mathematics Teachers Experiencing With The Implementation Of The Common Core State Standards For Mathematics And Is There A Relationship Between The Concerns And Professional Development Received?, Suzanne T. Jennings 2015 University of Southern Mississippi

What Concerns Are Secondary Mathematics Teachers Experiencing With The Implementation Of The Common Core State Standards For Mathematics And Is There A Relationship Between The Concerns And Professional Development Received?, Suzanne T. Jennings

Dissertations

Using the Concerns Based Adoption Model (CBAM) as the theoretical framework, this mixed-methods study utilized three research methods, quantitative, profile interpretation, and qualitative to answer the research questions to investigate the concerns teachers were experiencing during the first year of implementing the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM) and to determine if professional development affected those concerns. The Stage of Concern questionnaire which included two open-ended questions was employed to survey 88 secondary Mississippi mathematics teachers. MANOVA was used to investigate any differences in the means of the relative levels of intensity present within the subgroups which are inconclusive ...


The Techno-Numerate Nurse: Results Of A Study Exploring Nursing Student And Nurse Perceptions Of Workplace Mathematics And Technology Demands, Daniel H. Jarvis, Andrea Kozuskanich, Barbi Law, Karey D. McCullough 2015 Nipissing University

The Techno-Numerate Nurse: Results Of A Study Exploring Nursing Student And Nurse Perceptions Of Workplace Mathematics And Technology Demands, Daniel H. Jarvis, Andrea Kozuskanich, Barbi Law, Karey D. Mccullough

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

In this paper, we report on the findings of a research study that sought to answer the following questions: (i) How do current nursing students’ perceptions compare with those of actual working nurses regarding the mathematics and technology demands involved in nursing?; and, (ii) What types of course structures, content, pedagogy, or other recommendations could more effectively prepare nurses for the realities of the workplace in light of mathematics and technology demands? The study involved online open-response questions and semi-structured interviews. Seventy-six participants, including both 4th-year nursing students (n = 8) and working nurses (n = 68), completed the online ...


Stem Education Research: Useful Ideas For College Instructors Using Ballooning, Stacy A. Wenzel 2015 Loyola University Chicago

Stem Education Research: Useful Ideas For College Instructors Using Ballooning, Stacy A. Wenzel

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Stratospheric ballooning is a tool of enormous promise to help STEM college faculty foster highly engaged learning of science for a wide range of students at a wide range of institutions. High altitude ballooning offers a platform for investigating science and engineering across many fields. Ballooning has been used in courses and experiences for not just undergraduate science majors, but also all undergraduates—including future teachers who, in turn, are the key to improving K-12 science education. Technological advances are lowering the cost of and expertise levels required to make launches and analyze data.

Ballooning offers a context within which ...


The “Stratospheric Cricket Keeper” – Developing A Simple“Life-Support” Payload For High-Altitude Balloon Missions, Lucas Kramer, Chad Serba, James Flaten 2015 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

The “Stratospheric Cricket Keeper” – Developing A Simple“Life-Support” Payload For High-Altitude Balloon Missions, Lucas Kramer, Chad Serba, James Flaten

2015 Academic High Altitude Conference

Exposure to the environmental conditions of “near-space” (AKA the stratosphere) is quickly fatal to nearly all forms of animal life. It is even challenging to build a sealable enclosure that can keep insects (crickets) alive through the dramatic and simultaneous pressure and temperature drops experienced during a high-altitude balloon mission. This poster describes the development of a rugged “cricket keeper” in which we were able to fly crickets to the stratosphere and, quoting the words of JFK, “return (them) safely to the earth!” This “life-support” payload had large windows (for the view!) and included Arduino-logged temperature and pressure sensors, an ...


Mathematical Analysis Of Sphere Resting In The Vertex Of Right Pyramid & Polyhedron, Filleting Of The Faces & Packing Of The Spheres In The Vertex, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot HCR 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

Mathematical Analysis Of Sphere Resting In The Vertex Of Right Pyramid & Polyhedron, Filleting Of The Faces & Packing Of The Spheres In The Vertex, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot Hcr

Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot

The generalized formula derived here by the author are applicable to locate any sphere, with a certain radius, resting in a vertex (corner) at which n no. of edges meet together at angle α between any two consecutive of them such as the vertex of platonic solids, any of two identical & diagonally opposite vertices of uniform polyhedrons with congruent right kite faces & the vertex of right pyramid with regular n-gonal base. These are also useful for filleting the faces meeting at the vertex of the polyhedron to best fit the sphere in that vertex. These are used to determine the ...


Discovering And Applying Geometric Transformations: Transformations To Show Congruence And Similarity, Tamara V. Bonn 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

Discovering And Applying Geometric Transformations: Transformations To Show Congruence And Similarity, Tamara V. Bonn

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The use and application of geometric transformations is a fundamental standard for the Common Core State Standards. This study was developed to determine current high school teachers’ prior mathematical content knowledge and develop their content knowledge of transformations and their applications. The design of this study was guided by the questions: “Why is there a level of reluctance amongst secondary teachers when it comes to teaching geometric transformations?” and “How can their content knowledge become deepened to apply geometric transformations to prove that two figures are congruent?” The study provided teachers a chance to gain experience with transformations and use ...


Algebra 1 Students’ Ability To Relate The Definition Of A Function To Its Representations, Sarah A. Thomson 2015 CSUSB

Algebra 1 Students’ Ability To Relate The Definition Of A Function To Its Representations, Sarah A. Thomson

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

One hundred high school Algebra students from a southern California school participated in this study to provide information on students’ ability to relate the definition of function to its representations. The goals of the study were (1) to explore the extent to which students are able to distinguish between representations of functions/non-functions; (2) to compare students’ ability to distinguish between familiar/unfamiliar representations of functions/non-functions; (3) to explore the extent to which students are able to apply the definition of function to verify function representations; and (4) to explore the extent to which students are able to provide ...


Particle Transport, Samantha Slossar, Jamye Babocsi, Chuck Ko 2015 The College at Brockport

Particle Transport, Samantha Slossar, Jamye Babocsi, Chuck Ko

Lesson Plans

The particle transport simulation is designed to help students gain a deeper level of understanding of the relationship between velocity and particle size. Students will be able to manipulate the velocity and particle size to see if the particle will move. The mathematical component will require the students to construct a particle graph using the simulator and Earth Science Reference Table (ESRT).


Analysis Of English Language Learner Performance On The Biology Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System: The Impact Of English Proficiency, First Language Characteristics, And Late-Entry Ell Status, Mary A. Mitchell 2015 University of Massachusetts Boston

Analysis Of English Language Learner Performance On The Biology Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System: The Impact Of English Proficiency, First Language Characteristics, And Late-Entry Ell Status, Mary A. Mitchell

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

This study analyzed English language learner (ELL) performance on the June 2012 Biology MCAS, namely on item attributes of domain, cognitive skill, and linguistic complexity. It examined the impact of English proficiency, Latinate first language, first language orthography, and late-entry ELL status. The results indicated that English proficiency was a strong predictor of performance and that ELLs at higher levels of English proficiency overwhelmingly passed. The results further indicated that English proficiency introduced a construct-irrelevant variance on the Biology MCAS and raised validity issues for using this assessment at lower levels of English proficiency. This study also found that ELLs ...


Adult Education In A Museum Setting Requires Reinforcement, Judy Ann Lowman 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

Adult Education In A Museum Setting Requires Reinforcement, Judy Ann Lowman

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This thesis addresses adult education in a museum setting and measures adult learning during and after a museum visit. While a number of studies have investigated the impact of museum visits on children’s learning, there are few studies on adult learners. This thesis is an initial effort to fill that gap. Qualitative data were gathered through interviews with 24 adult visitors at the Victor Valley Museum in Apple Valley, California. The objective was to determine which exhibits were found to be of greatest interest to the visitor. Follow-up interviews were conducted four weeks later to measure retention. The qualitative ...


Day-By-Day: Higher Education In Afghanistan, David J. Roof 2015 Ball State University

Day-By-Day: Higher Education In Afghanistan, David J. Roof

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This paper examines higher education in Afghanistan. Based on qualitative research, including interviews with key policymakers and stakeholders, the paper examines the primary issues, challenges, progress, and future vision for higher education in the country. The research reveals that one of the most significant issues in the country in the post-Taliban era is female participation in higher education. It also shows the importance of alternative forms of higher education, such as two-year institutions, private education, and technical/vocational education. The paper also discusses the emergence of quality assurance mechanisms and international partnerships with other universities. Regarding the future direction and ...


Identical Circles Touching One Another On A Whole (Entire) Spherical Surface, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot HCR 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

Identical Circles Touching One Another On A Whole (Entire) Spherical Surface, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot Hcr

Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot

All the articles discussed & analysed here are related to all five platonic solids. A certain no. of the identical circles are touching one another on a whole (entire) spherical surface having certain radius then all the important parameters such as flat radius & arc radius of each circle, total surface area & its percentage covered by all the circles on the sphere have been easily calculated by using simple geometry & table for the important parameters of all five platonic solids by the author Mr H.C. Rajpoot. These parameters are very useful for drawing the identical circles on a spherical surface & for ...


The Representation Of Professional Females In Math And Science Textbooks Used In Public School Education Curriculums, Whitney Stiles 2015 SUNY Plattsburgh

The Representation Of Professional Females In Math And Science Textbooks Used In Public School Education Curriculums, Whitney Stiles

Psychology Master's Theses

No abstract provided.


Reflection Of A Point About A Line & A Plane In 2-D & 3-D Co-Ordinate Systems, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot HCR 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

Reflection Of A Point About A Line & A Plane In 2-D & 3-D Co-Ordinate Systems, Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot Hcr

Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot

All the articles are related to the reflection of any point about a line in 2-D co-ordinate system and about a line & a plane in 3-D co-ordinate system. Point of reflection about a line or a plane can be easily determined simply by applying the procedures explained or by using formula derived here. These formulas are also useful to determine the foot of perpendicular drawn from a point to a line or a plane in 3-D space. All these derivations are based on the application of simple geometry.


Assessing Impact Of Exposure To Cyberphysical Systems On Student Interest In Information Technology Careers, Mayari I. Serrano Anazco 2015 Purdue University

Assessing Impact Of Exposure To Cyberphysical Systems On Student Interest In Information Technology Careers, Mayari I. Serrano Anazco

College of Technology Masters Theses

The main purpose of this project is to determine if the use of Information Technology (IT) tools, specifically cyberphysical devices, in outreach sessions will promote interest of young individuals in pursuing IT careers. The Diversity office of Purdue’s College of Technology offers a number of outreach sessions to a variety of target populations throughout the year. Each department in the college has an opportunity to present a session related to a field of study offered by the department. The research was carried out thru the Spring 2015 semester during the DOiT and Vision outreach programs offered through the college ...


How Does Tutoring To Develop Conceptual Understanding Impact Student Understanding?, Kelsey Cummings 2015 Bridgewater State University

How Does Tutoring To Develop Conceptual Understanding Impact Student Understanding?, Kelsey Cummings

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Moving College Students To A Better Understanding Of Substrate Specificity Of Enzymes Through Utilizing Multimedia Pre-Training And An Interactive Enzyme Model, Mounir R. Saleh 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Moving College Students To A Better Understanding Of Substrate Specificity Of Enzymes Through Utilizing Multimedia Pre-Training And An Interactive Enzyme Model, Mounir R. Saleh

Dissertations

Scientists’ progress in understanding enzyme specificity uncovered a complex natural phenomenon. However, not all of the currently available biology textbooks seem to be up to date on this progress. Students’ understanding of how enzymes work is a core requirement in biochemistry and biology tertiary education. Nevertheless, current pre-college science education does not provide students with enough biochemical background to enable them to understand complex material such as this. To bridge this gap, a multimedia pre-training presentation was prepared to fuel the learner’s prior knowledge with discrete facts necessary to understand the presented concept. This treatment is also known to ...


Novelty Or Knowledge? A Study Of Using A Student Response, Tasha M. Thames 2015 The University of Southern Mississippi

Novelty Or Knowledge? A Study Of Using A Student Response, Tasha M. Thames

Dissertations

The advancement in technology integration is laying the groundwork of a paradigm shift in the higher education system (Noonoo, 2011). The National Dropout Prevention Center (n.d.) [JS1] claims that technology offers some of the best opportunities for presenting instruction to engage students in meaningful education, addressing multiple intelligences, and adjusting to students’ various learning styles. The purpose of this study was to investigate if implementing clicker technology would have a statistically significant difference on student retention and student achievement, while controlling for learning styles, for students in non-major biology courses who were and were not subjected to the technology ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress