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The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand 2015 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin 2015 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

According to the National Education Association, students need to be prepared to be contributing members in global society (2012). Therefore, students need to learn how to collaborate and communicate with peers in a group. So far, competition has been prevalent in the academics of the United States (Shindler, 2009). Cooperative learning provides a teaching approach based on group success. Furthermore, there is a plethora of benefits from the use of cooperative learning in the science classroom. It promotes psychological health and high academic achievement (Johnson, Johnson & Roseth, 2010; Mesch, Johnson and Johnson, 2001). Cooperative learning is also a good approach for student ...


Early Childhood Math Coaching: Relationships And Strategies, Cilla Williams Bercovici 2015 Northeastern University

Early Childhood Math Coaching: Relationships And Strategies, Cilla Williams Bercovici

Education Doctoral Theses

Falling scores in American student achievement in mathematics has prompted renewed interest in elementary math instruction. By their own admission, elementary school teachers, however, are not always comfortable teaching math. On-site math coaches/specialists can help teachers implement best practices and new standards. Since teachers' sense of efficacy has been shown to affect their instructional practices and, in turn, their students' math achievement, coaches' support of such efficacy is essential. This qualitative case study explored the relationships between elementary math coaches and early childhood educators. The goal was to identify the strategies most effective in developing and supporting teachers' sense ...


Effects Of Embedded Study-Skills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks 2015 Walden University

Effects Of Embedded Study-Skills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The target school used embedded study skills in Algebra I classes to improve attitudes toward mathematics. The purpose of this sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was to examine the effect of embedded study-skills instruction on students' attitudes toward mathematics. Metacognitive theory was used for this study's framework. Participants were 28 Grade 9 and 10 students who repeated Algebra I. Quantitative data from the Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory assessed students' pre- and post-instruction attitudes toward mathematics in 4 domains. Data were analyzed using 4 independent samples t tests for students who did and did not receive embedded instruction. Qualitative data were ...


Gender Differences In Experiences Of Tafe It Students: A Work In Progress, Raina Mason, Graham Cooper, Tim Comber, Anne Hellou, Julie Tucker 2015 Southern Cross University

Gender Differences In Experiences Of Tafe It Students: A Work In Progress, Raina Mason, Graham Cooper, Tim Comber, Anne Hellou, Julie Tucker

Raina Mason

In Australia, one of the sources of loss of females in the IT education pipeline occurs at the TAFE (college) level. Female students comprise the majority of early TAFE IT courses and female completion rates for these courses are similar to males. Despite this early success, most females choose to not continue to Diploma level, and through articulation pathways into university IT courses. A survey was conducted to determine possible differences in experiences between male and female TAFE IT students. It was found that more females than males lived alone or with dependents. Female students had higher employment status, higher ...


A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional which poses problems to students in life- like scenarios. The common feature among the many PBL models is “that it a constructivist pedagogy “ (Hill & Smith, 2005, p. 20). Research has indicated that PBL offers many advantages to learning high school science, including that students experience “the nature of authentic inquiry and the different methods of finding answers to their questions” (Chin & Chia, 2006, p. 62). Research also shows that the success of PBL is dependent on the design and the circumstances in which PBL is implemented. This project is a compilation of ...


Shifting To Higher Levels Of Inquiry In The Regents Physics Laboratory, Anthony P. Cali 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Shifting To Higher Levels Of Inquiry In The Regents Physics Laboratory, Anthony P. Cali

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inquiry in the classroom has been interpreted and explained in many different ways. However, at its foundations, inquiry is essentially learning by questioning. In the context of a classroom, inquiry is student lead learning that can occur at various levels of student responsibility. While inquiry based instruction is important in all content areas, this project focuses on using inquiry in the science laboratory. The benefits of inquiry-based instruction are significant and include increases in student engagement, critical thinking skills, creative problem solving, and autonomy in the learning process. While the benefits of inquiry-based instruction are worthwhile, the challenges of developing ...


Collaborative Book Review: Baker, D. P. (2014). The Schooled Society: The Educational Transformation Of Global Culture, Calley Stevens Taylor, Amanda Blain Pritt, Maria Spinosa Ebert, Angel Oi Yee Cheng, Xia Zhao 2014 Lehigh University

Collaborative Book Review: Baker, D. P. (2014). The Schooled Society: The Educational Transformation Of Global Culture, Calley Stevens Taylor, Amanda Blain Pritt, Maria Spinosa Ebert, Angel Oi Yee Cheng, Xia Zhao

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

For many years the discussion of education as a global and social institution has been prevalent in Comparative and International Education. In his book, The Schooled Society, David P. Baker offers up a unique perspective on a much-discussed theoretical framework in which to view education as an institution. Through this work, Baker uses a multidisciplinary approach to explain the influence that mass education has on societies and informs the readers of new educational paradoxes that are being discussed in the field. Not only is The Schooled Society an explanation of educational influence on society, but it also provides reason for ...


The Implementation Of Project-Based Learning (Pjbl) In An Earth Science Classroom: The Effectiveness Of Pjbl In Teaching Students About Sustainable Energy, Jeremiah E. Johnson 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

The Implementation Of Project-Based Learning (Pjbl) In An Earth Science Classroom: The Effectiveness Of Pjbl In Teaching Students About Sustainable Energy, Jeremiah E. Johnson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) (NRC, 2013) have developed a framework for more effective pedagogical approaches in the science classroom that advance student engagement in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM). The framework is cited in developing student understanding of three major aspects of learning: “understanding of science concepts, their identities as learner of science, and their appreciation of scientific practices and crosscutting concepts” (NGSS, 2012).The framework explains that the most effective way of transmitting these aspects of learning is through “investigation, collection and analysis of evidence, logical reasoning, and communication of information” (NGSS, 2013). Project-Based Learning (PjBL ...


Hypothesis Generation And Testing: A Template For Biomedical Research, Michael Hoffmann 2014 SelectedWorks

Hypothesis Generation And Testing: A Template For Biomedical Research, Michael Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

This argument map provides a template for the testing of hypotheses in biomedical research. It can be used in science education to direct students' attention to all components that need to be clarified to justify a scientific hypothesis in a specific experimental setting, including the justification of appropriate sample sizes in experiments, determination of background theories, description of experimental design, data collection methods, significance level, etc. To use this template, go to http://agora.gatech.edu/, search for argument map 3363, and copy the map.


Analysis Of Students’ Misconceptions And Error Patterns In Mathematics: The Case Of Fractions, Zoe A. Morales 2014 Florida International University

Analysis Of Students’ Misconceptions And Error Patterns In Mathematics: The Case Of Fractions, Zoe A. Morales

South Florida Education Research Conference

This study analyzed three fifth grade students’ misconceptions and error patterns when working with equivalence, addition and subtraction of fractions. The findings revealed that students used both conceptual and procedural knowledge to solve the problems. They used pictures, gave examples, and made connections to other mathematical concepts and to daily life topics. Error patterns found include using addition and subtraction of numerators and denominators, and finding the greatest common factor.


Gifted Students In Mathematics: A Problem Solving Approach To Enrichment, Caylin DePuy 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Gifted Students In Mathematics: A Problem Solving Approach To Enrichment, Caylin Depuy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In the United States mathematically gifted students frequently go unnoticed and most often receive the same education as their at-level peers (Ysseldyke, Tardrew, Betts, Thill, Hannigan, 2004). There is very limited funding available for gifted students and the identification and classification varies by state, often being decided by school district (National Association, 2014). Gifted American students are exposed to less challenging problems than those in other countries and, as a result, are falling behind in academic performance (Ross, 1993). This curriculum is designed to supplement the existing Geometry curriculum by offering eight unique, challenging problems that can be used for ...


A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 7 Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Rebecca K. Logan 2014 The College at Brockport: State University of New York

A Curriculum Project On Expressions And Equations In Mathematics 7 Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Rebecca K. Logan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As our nation is in a time of educational reform, a curriculum project on Expressions and Equations in the Mathematics 7 curriculum is appropriate as it is aligned to the Common Core State Standards.

The created study of Expressions and Equations in Mathematics 7 addresses the New York State Standards from the Expressions and Equations Domain and includes student learning objectives that demonstrate understanding of solving equations through a modeling approach. Studies have concluded that when students are able to touch and manipulate mathematics, they learn best (Raymond & Leinenbach, 2000). A table of contents is provided for easy access to each lesson plan, worksheets, and assessments needed for the 9-day unit plan. In addition, each lesson plan includes the goal for the lesson, the instructional outcomes, and the New York State Common Core Learning Standards that are addressed.

The validity of this curriculum project was assessed by the author of the unit plan as the created lessons were implemented in the author’s classroom in October 2014. Furthermore, the validity of the curriculum project was measured by two cooperating veteran teachers that critiqued the unit plan though a questionnaire.

The paradigm shift from the NCTM standards to the Common Core State Standards provides opportunities for educators to re-design their teaching in the classroom; this curriculum project on Expressions and Equations is created to be a ...


An Activity Aimed At Improving Student Explanations Of Biological Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez 2014 Purdue University

An Activity Aimed At Improving Student Explanations Of Biological Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez

PIBERG Instructional Innovation Materials

This document is intended for use by instructors and their students. The activity contains steps to introduce students to the MACH model involving analyzing and discussing explanations about biological mechanisms. Initially, students read modified articles about biological mechanisms during class, although instructors may prefer to assign readings outside of class before the activity. During the activity, students are required to analyze the readings for evidence of research methods, analogies, context, and mechanisms. In so doing, students learn how to integrate the information pertaining to each of the MACH model components into a coherent explanation about their biological mechanism. After performing ...


A Tetrahedral Version Of The Mach Model For Explaining Biological Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez 2014 Purdue University

A Tetrahedral Version Of The Mach Model For Explaining Biological Mechanisms, Caleb M. Trujillo, Trevor R. Anderson, Nancy J. Pelaez

PIBERG Instructional Innovation Materials

This document is intended for both instructors and students. Modified from the original MACH model this version, once cut and folded, creates a tetrahedral model that can conveniently be used as a teaching and learning tool to inform and guide students on how to write expert quality explanations of biological mechanisms. Each vertex of the tetrahedron represents a component of the model namely, Methods, Analogy, Context, and How. For a coherent and complete explanation about molecular mechanisms, it is important to integrate information pertaining to all four components of the model. The tetrahedral MACH model has been tested in both ...


Understanding Student Mathematical Ways Of Knowing: Relationships Among Mathematical Anxiety, Attitude Toward Learning Math, Gender, Ethnicity, And Separate And Connected Ways Of Knowing, Andrea L. Burnes 2014 Kennesaw State University

Understanding Student Mathematical Ways Of Knowing: Relationships Among Mathematical Anxiety, Attitude Toward Learning Math, Gender, Ethnicity, And Separate And Connected Ways Of Knowing, Andrea L. Burnes

Dissertations, Theses and Capstone Projects

A quantitative, correlational, survey design with anecdotal qualitative data was used to investigate the relationships among mathematical anxiety, attitude toward learning math, gender, ethnicity, and separate and connected ways of knowing within the context of the mathematics classroom. Participants were 88 student volunteers enrolled in undergraduate mathematics classes at an open admissions technical college in the southeastern United States. Survey data consisted of demographic self-report items, Likert scale items, semantic differential scale items, and one qualitative free-response question. Quantitative data were analyzed by use of either a Spearman Rho, Pearson product moment correlation or an independent samples t-test of significance ...


Teaching Conceptual Understanding Of Mathematics Via A Hands-On Approach, Jessica Korn 2014 Liberty University

Teaching Conceptual Understanding Of Mathematics Via A Hands-On Approach, Jessica Korn

Senior Honors Theses

Given the current developments in the field of mathematics instruction in the United States, conceptual understanding and a hands-on approach in mathematics are two topics of importance. Conceptual understanding of mathematics is often lacking but characterizes the core of what mathematics actually is. Using a hands-on approach presents an effective way to teach conceptual understanding of mathematics. In order to argue this, a presentation of the underlying theories of mathematical understanding and pertinent approaches is given. Then follows an investigation of three studies pertinent to using a hands-on approach in teaching conceptual understanding of mathematics: one related to implementation (Gürbüz ...


The Correlation Between Self-Efficacy And The Academic Success Of Students, Emily E. Taylor 2014 Liberty University

The Correlation Between Self-Efficacy And The Academic Success Of Students, Emily E. Taylor

Senior Honors Theses

Research reveals that gifted students at Springfield Middle School in Williamsport, Maryland possess stronger levels of self-efficacy than average students. For the purpose of this study, the term “gifted students” refers to students who are enrolled in above-grade-level classes at Springfield Middle School. Students must score high in tests and interviews in order to be placed in above-grade-level classes. According to Albert Bandura’s social cognitive theory, increased levels of self-efficacy contribute to a person’s ability to complete a task. Using the Children’s Perceived Academic Self-Efficacy subscale from The Morgan-Jinks Student Efficacy Scale (MJSES), the study conducted at ...


Thinking Critically About Data Consumption: Creating The Data Credibility Checklist, Lisa Zilinski, Megan S. Nelson 2014 Purdue University

Thinking Critically About Data Consumption: Creating The Data Credibility Checklist, Lisa Zilinski, Megan S. Nelson

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

As STEM areas increasingly rely on pre-existing data, either to validate or extend the scientific body of knowledge, students who have baseline knowledge of how to find, evaluate, and access data will have an advantage. Accordingly, undergraduate STEM curricula is increasingly focused on research-based group projects that develop professional skills, building the professional portfolio needed for early career scientists, technologists, and engineers. This project works to develop new tools to implement basic data skills within the undergraduate disciplinary curricula. The first step in this process was to identify the competencies that are likely to be needed by those seeking data ...


A Transcendental Phenomenological Study Of Developmental Math Students' Experiences And Perceptions, Megan Cordes 2014 Liberty University

A Transcendental Phenomenological Study Of Developmental Math Students' Experiences And Perceptions, Megan Cordes

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Current literature suggests the rise of enrollment among United States (U.S.) postsecondary institutions but the decline in graduation rates. While there is extensive quantitative data examining course redesigns and increasing student achievement in developmental math courses, there is limited research examining students' experiences and perceptions within these courses. The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to examine the experiences and perceptions of developmental math students. This study utilized the theoretical framework of Bandura's (1997) social cognitive theory and Tinto's (2012a) retention theory. Research questions focused on the lived experience of struggling within a developmental math course ...


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