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Science and Mathematics Education Commons

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The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand 2015 The College at Brockport

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Session D-7: Exploration Of Factors That Motivate Students To Engage In Stem, Adrienne Coleman 2015 Illinois Math and Science Academy

Session D-7: Exploration Of Factors That Motivate Students To Engage In Stem, Adrienne Coleman

Professional Learning Day

Join in on the discussion of an exploration into factors that motivate gifted and talented Black and Latino students and programs being created to engage those populations in STEM fields.


Session C-1: Equilibrium, Deb Scarano, Anita White 2015 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Session C-1: Equilibrium, Deb Scarano, Anita White

Professional Learning Day

Find your balance in this hands-on lab session which will allow teachers to try out several simple lab activities that will enable students to better understand equilibrium.


Mathematical Analysis Of Elliptical Path In The Annular Region Between Two Circles, Smaller Inside The Bigger One (Ellipse Between Two Circles By H.C. Rajpoot), Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot HCR 2015 M.M.M. University of Technology, Gorakhpur-273010 (UP) India

Mathematical Analysis Of Elliptical Path In The Annular Region Between Two Circles, Smaller Inside The Bigger One (Ellipse Between Two Circles By H.C. Rajpoot), Harish Chandra Rajpoot Rajpoot Hcr

Harish Chandra Rajpoot H.C. Rajpoot

All the articles have been derived by the author by using simple geometry & trigonometry. These articles are related to the analysis of the elliptical path in the annular region between two circle, smaller inside bigger one & their centers separated by a certain distance. These formula are used to calculate minor axis, major axis, eccentricity & the radius of the third tangent circle touching the smaller circle externally & the bigger one internally. These articles (formula) are very practical & simple to apply in case studies & practical applications of 2-D Geometry.


A Glossary Of Terms For The Evolutionary Tree Model, Yi Kong, Trevor Anderson, Nancy Pelaez 2015 Purdue University

A Glossary Of Terms For The Evolutionary Tree Model, Yi Kong, Trevor Anderson, Nancy Pelaez

PIBERG Instructional Innovation Materials

This Glossary is intended for both teachers and their students who are learning about evolutionary trees. To improve K-14 teachers’ and students’ as well as non-biology major undergraduate students’ understanding of trees, the evolutionary tree model was developed based on professional biologists’ use of evolutionary trees in their scientific publications in 2012-2013. Definitions of terminology in this Glossary are references to published literature listed at the end of this Glossary. In addition to the Glossary and the evolutionary tree model in html format, below as an additional link to a file giving you the Glossary in MSWord format so that ...


How The Shift In High Stakes Testing Impacts Students Of Low Socioeconomic Status In A Suburban Junior High School, Amanda M. Eagan 2015 The College at Brockport

How The Shift In High Stakes Testing Impacts Students Of Low Socioeconomic Status In A Suburban Junior High School, Amanda M. Eagan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research project is a pilot study that analyzed student standardized tests performance across the mathematics standards shift and socioeconomic status (SES). The shift from state standards, most often known as the NCTM standards, to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in the past four years was anticipated to cause performance data to decrease. The National Council of Teachers in Mathematics (NCTM) established guidelines to support the roll out of the CCSS, which many states have adopted across the United States (US). This study examined seventh and eighth grade student performance on New York (NY) State Mathematics tests from 2010 ...


Engaging Teenagers With Science Through Comics, Judy Diamond 2015 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Engaging Teenagers With Science Through Comics, Judy Diamond

DBER Speaker Series

Graphic novels or comics are powerful tools to motivate youth to become interested in science. Embedding science concepts into a story with graphics that appeal to teen culture makes abstract content approachable, stimulates youth interest, and promotes learning. This presentation will discuss the goals of the NIH‐funded World of Viruses and Biology of Human comic series and the research results that support using these approaches.


Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory 2015 Iowa State University

Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences publications and other works

We describe the components of a learning community program for meteorology, geology, and Earth Science undergraduates in a geoscience department. The learning community provides the students with opportunities to interact with each other and with faculty, and it helps them in the transition from high school to a large public university. Enrollment data show that, in addition to being a successful community-building approach, the learning community has a positive impact in major retention to the programs and is well received by the students.


On Mathematics And Culture: Insights From An International School, M. Sencer Corlu, Burcu Alapala 2015 Bilkent University

On Mathematics And Culture: Insights From An International School, M. Sencer Corlu, Burcu Alapala

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

We explore the factors that influence the relationship between mathematics and culture in the international school context. First, we share some thoughts about international schools in general and the international mathematics curriculum implemented at the middle grades level at our school in particular. Second, we present some interesting snapshots from our culturally-diverse mathematics classrooms.


How Can Mathematics Students Learn To Play?, Christopher K. Storm, Holly Zullo 2015 Adelphi University

How Can Mathematics Students Learn To Play?, Christopher K. Storm, Holly Zullo

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

When we teach mathematics, we strive to teach students to think like mathematicians. In this paper we discuss one particular mathematical habit of mind that students do not naturally display. More specifically our study of voting patterns in data collected from classroom voting questions indicates that the undergraduate students who were in the classes using these questions did not understand the significance of counterexamples to statements, or lacked the ability to construct them, or both. Searching for counterexamples to disprove statements is a natural habit of mind for professional mathematicians. In this paper we give examples, and make some recommendations ...


Recreational Mathematics – Only For Fun?, Lovisa Sumpter 2015 Dalarna University

Recreational Mathematics – Only For Fun?, Lovisa Sumpter

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

In this paper, I explore recreational mathematics from two perspectives. I first study how the concept appears in educational policy documents such as standards, syllabi, and curricula from a selection of countries to see if and in what way recreational mathematics can play a part in school mathematics. I find that recreational mathematics can be a central part, as in the case of India, but also completely invisible, as in the standards from USA. In the second part of the report, I take an educational historical approach. I observe that throughout history, recreational mathematics has been an important tool for ...


Improving Project Success In An Online Mathematics Course, David Shoenthal 2015 Longwood University

Improving Project Success In An Online Mathematics Course, David Shoenthal

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

With more mathematics courses migrating to online environments, it is important to know whether these courses are comparable to their face-to-face counterparts. To that end, in two different years, I taught an online and a face-to-face section of the same finite mathematics course. After analyzing the data regarding differences in the two sections for the first year, I incorporated changes intended to improve the consistency of project success between the two sections as well as the overall success of the class projects in the online section. My main tool was mimicking the interaction of group members and providing immediate instructor ...


On The Persistence And Attrition Of Women In Mathematics, Katrina Piatek-Jimenez 2015 Central Michigan University

On The Persistence And Attrition Of Women In Mathematics, Katrina Piatek-Jimenez

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

The purpose of this study was to investigate what motivates women to choose mathematics as an undergraduate major and to further explore what shapes their future career goals, paying particular attention to their undergraduate experiences and their perceptions of the role of gender in these decisions. A series of semi-structured, individual interviews were conducted with twelve undergraduate women mathematics majors who were attending either a large public university or a small liberal arts college. This study found that strong mathematical identities and enjoyment of mathematics heavily influenced their decisions to major in mathematics. At the career selection stage, these women ...


Vehicles On The Road To Reform, Julie Thomas, Sandra B. Cooper 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Vehicles On The Road To Reform, Julie Thomas, Sandra B. Cooper

DBER Speaker Series

Though elementary teacher educators introduce new, reform‐based strategies in science and mathematics methods courses, researchers wondered how novices negotiate reform strategies once they enter the elementary school culture. Given that the extent of parents’ and veteran teachers’ influence on novice teachers is largely unknown, this grounded theory study explored parents’ and teachers’ expectations of children’s optimal science and mathematics learning in the current era of reform. Data consisted of semi‐structured, open‐ended interviews with novice teachers (n=20), veteran teachers (n=9), and parents (n=28). Researchers followed three stages of coding procedures to develop a logic ...


How The Shift In High Stakes Testing Impacts Students Of Low Socioeconomic Status In A Suburban Junior High School, Amanda M. Eagan Ms. 2015 The College at Brockport State University of New York

How The Shift In High Stakes Testing Impacts Students Of Low Socioeconomic Status In A Suburban Junior High School, Amanda M. Eagan Ms.

Amanda M Eagan Ms.

This research project is a pilot study that analyzed student standardized tests performance across the mathematics standards shift and socioeconomic status (SES). The shift from state standards, most often known as the NCTM standards, to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in the past four years was anticipated to cause performance data to decrease. The National Council of Teachers in Mathematics (NCTM) established guidelines to support the roll out of the CCSS, which many states have adopted across the United States (US). This study examined seventh and eighth grade student performance on New York (NY) State Mathematics tests from 2010 ...


Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin 2015 The College at Brockport

Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

According to the National Education Association, students need to be prepared to be contributing members in global society (2012). Therefore, students need to learn how to collaborate and communicate with peers in a group. So far, competition has been prevalent in the academics of the United States (Shindler, 2009). Cooperative learning provides a teaching approach based on group success. Furthermore, there is a plethora of benefits from the use of cooperative learning in the science classroom. It promotes psychological health and high academic achievement (Johnson, Johnson & Roseth, 2010; Mesch, Johnson and Johnson, 2001). Cooperative learning is also a good approach for student ...


A Curriculum Project On The Utilization Of The Rule Of Four To Enable Students To Work In Their Zone Of Proximal Development, Valerie L. Kondolf 2015 The College at Brockport

A Curriculum Project On The Utilization Of The Rule Of Four To Enable Students To Work In Their Zone Of Proximal Development, Valerie L. Kondolf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discussed, developed, and written over the course of roughly two-and-a-half-years, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) seek to prepare students to be college- and career-ready (K-12 Blueprint, 2014). Released for implementation in classrooms nation-wide in June 2010, the CCSS are claimed to be “a balance of concepts and skills, with content standards that require both conceptual understanding and procedural fluency” (K-12 Blueprint, 2014, p. 3), as well as address the issue of mathematical curricula being described as “a mile wide and an inch deep” (Common Core State Standards Initiative, 2014). In order to abide by the newly adopted curricula, teachers ...


Exploring Human Resource Development: Adult Learning And Education In The U.S., Andrea N. Smith 2015 University of Georgia

Exploring Human Resource Development: Adult Learning And Education In The U.S., Andrea N. Smith

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

The twentieth century has witnessed an upsurge of Human Resource Development (HRD) activities reflected through globalization and overall economic initiatives to improve the economy. This paper undertakes a critical approach to adult education in the United States and does so through the lens of human resource development issues, trends and policies. Through the use of key reports and other recent literature, adult education is placed in a wider economic development framework. It concludes that there is a future for adult education in the United States with implications for the program to provide a more comprehensive lens for understanding adult education ...


What I Shoulda, Coulda, Woulda Learned In Science Class”: Black American Boys’ Narratives Of Past Science Teachers And Visions For A Culturally Responsive Science Teacher, Althea Hoard 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

What I Shoulda, Coulda, Woulda Learned In Science Class”: Black American Boys’ Narratives Of Past Science Teachers And Visions For A Culturally Responsive Science Teacher, Althea Hoard

Catalyst: A Social Justice Forum

This study follows three Black American, high school boys who participated in a “Men in STEM” book club in an urban school in New York City. Through narrative analysis, the boys describe their vision for a culturally responsive science teacher and connections are made between the boys’ experiences with science teachers and interest in STEM careers. 20 10th grade Black American boys joined the “Men in STEM” book club and three participants are highlighted due to their differing interests in pursuing a STEM major in college. By triangulation of semi-structured interviews, two open-ended questionnaires, and researcher field notes, four ...


Parts Of The Whole: Moderating Competition In The World Of Ideas, Dorothy Wallace 2015 Dartmouth College

Parts Of The Whole: Moderating Competition In The World Of Ideas, Dorothy Wallace

Numeracy

In both biological and mathematical dynamical systems, competition may be moderated by the presence of a top predator of both competing species. Applying this principle in memetics sheds light on why some strategies are more likely than others to promote quantitative literacy in various kinds of institutions.


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