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The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Political, Economic And Societal Challenges Encountered By Public School Systems In Developing Countries, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

The paper analyzes the challenges and supports that mediate public schools’ ability to initiate reforms and productively respond to competition from private schools. An understanding of impediments can help policymakers better target their attention to the key bottlenecks and the most disadvantaged populations. I conduct a two-step mixed methods analysis. I first conduct qualitative analysis of interview data and descriptive statistics of principal perceptions to describe the barriers to reform that generally affect public schools more frequently than private schools. Then, I analyze whether the barriers (and supports) to reform can be systematically linked to the extent of privatization by ...


Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Experiencing And Responding To Private Competition: The Importance Of Subjectivity And Intermediate Outcomes, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Despite the substantial private schooling growth in developing countries in the past three decades, there has been very little attention to the question on how public schools are experiencing and responding to competition in these contexts. To address this research gap, I conduct a competition-focused analysis using primary survey data collection from two districts with high private market share (Kathmandu and Chitwan) in Nepal. Utilizing descriptive and logistic regression analysis methods I address the following questions in this paper: How do public schools experience private competition, and how do they respond to it? There are two central findings. I find ...


Mathematics Education In East Africa : Towards Harmonization And Enhancement Of Education Quality, Anjum Halai, Geoff D. Tennant Dr 2016 Aga Khan University

Mathematics Education In East Africa : Towards Harmonization And Enhancement Of Education Quality, Anjum Halai, Geoff D. Tennant Dr

Anjum Halai

In the increasingly global and technological world mathematics is seen as a significant gatekeeper of opportunities for social and economic advancement and mobility. Hence, countries and development agencies in the broader sub-Saharan Africa region are looking towards increasing access to relevant and high-quality secondary education as a lever towards economic development. Policy makers and other key decision makers in education look towards improvement in mathematics teaching and learning as a key focus in education reform. In the East Africa region also a number of initiatives have been taken at the national level in the respective countries to improve the quality ...


U101: Global Perspectives A Semester Course For First-Year Students, Chrissie Faupel 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

U101: Global Perspectives A Semester Course For First-Year Students, Chrissie Faupel

Capstone Collection

This capstone paper introduces a special section of the already existing, and quite successful, University 101 programs at the University of South Carolina (USC). U101: Global Perspectives is a semester-long program proposal for first-year students (freshman and transfer students), offered by the Study Abroad Office (SAO) at USC. Functioning as part of the Global Carolina initiative, the USC SAO is committed to providing students with the knowledge and cultural awareness to be responsible and successful citizens in today’s globally integrated world. With the goal of increasing the number of students studying abroad, as well as creating unique opportunities for ...


Traditions And Proficiency Abroad - Spain (Tapas) Program: A High School Study Abroad Program For District 128, Michaela Kendzior 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

Traditions And Proficiency Abroad - Spain (Tapas) Program: A High School Study Abroad Program For District 128, Michaela Kendzior

Capstone Collection

As colleges begin to internationalize campuses and global competencies continue to become a demand in the workforce, secondary schools should also aim to internationalize the curriculum and offer international education opportunities to their students. In an effort to do this, I have created the Traditions And Proficiency Abroad - Spain (TAPAS) Program for Community High School District 128 in Illinois. The TAPAS program is a 20-day summer intensive cultural and language immersion program created to maximize learning potential in D128 students. While the program’s focus is on Spanish language and culture education, the orientation and instructional activities have been designed ...


Education, Emily C. Hannum, Yu Xie 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Education, Emily C. Hannum, Yu Xie

Emily C. Hannum

This manuscript offers an overview of key research in the social sciences regarding links between poverty and education. We begin by discussing conceptual definitions of poverty and education and the ways these concepts have been operationalized in the literature. We then review literatures related to two broad themes: how poverty shapes educational outcomes, and how education affects chances of living in poverty. Within each theme, wherever possible, we consider research at the national, sub-national, and household or individual level.


Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker 2016 ACER

Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker

Dr Tim Friedman

In 2012, the Ministry of Education, Afghanistan, engaged the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) as a partner to support the development of a national learning assessment program in Afghanistan. To achieve this goal, the Learning Assessment unit of the Ministry of Education and ACER have collaborated to design and implement the Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG) program in Afghanistan. MTEG is designed as a long-term monitoring program with one focus on trends in achievement outcomes in single class levels over time, and another focus on the growth of achievement in cohorts throughout the school cycle, from Class 3 ...


The Effect Of Cross-Cultural Differences On Team Performance Within An Educational Setting: A Mixed Methods Study, Sevinj Iskandarova 2016 James Madison University

The Effect Of Cross-Cultural Differences On Team Performance Within An Educational Setting: A Mixed Methods Study, Sevinj Iskandarova

Graduate Showcase of Scholarship and Creative Activities

Abstract:

Faculty members’ performance, experience, satisfaction while on a team, and their professional development were investigated to determine the benefits and challenges of cross cultural differences. The sample consisted of full- and part-time faculty members at James Madison University (JMU), located in Harrisonburg, Virginia. The purposes of this mixed methods study (online survey and one-to-one interview) were to determine and measure the effect of cross-cultural differences on team performance, highlight advantages and disadvantages of those cross-cultural differences within the team; and, apply the knowledge learned from this study to enhance team performance within an educational setting. The online survey assessed ...


Whose Reality? A Meta-Analysis Of Qualitative Research In International And Comparative Education, Romina B. da Costa, Stephanie M. Hall, Anne Spear 2016 University of Maryland - College Park

Whose Reality? A Meta-Analysis Of Qualitative Research In International And Comparative Education, Romina B. Da Costa, Stephanie M. Hall, Anne Spear

The Qualitative Report

This meta-analysis seeks to critically examine the qualitative research being published in influential journals in the field of international and comparative education in order to determine whether qualitative research has remained true to the constructivist paradigm and its theoretical and philosophical underpinnings. Decades after the heated paradigmatic debates within the field of education in the 1980’s, we seek to examine whether predictions that the constructivist paradigm would be pushed out by the call for post-positivist, quantifiable, data-driven research have come to fruition. Based on a review of all qualitative research published in the past three volumes of five influential ...


Teaching Australian Literature In A Class About Literatures Of Social Reform, Per Henningsgaard 2016 Portland State University

Teaching Australian Literature In A Class About Literatures Of Social Reform, Per Henningsgaard

Per Henningsgaard

This article presents an intriguing thesis about proximity and identification, distance and empathy based on the experience of teaching Sally Morgan’s My Place to American university students alongside Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle and Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin in a class examining literature as an agent of social change. Indeed, its response to the question, “How does the Australian production of My Place influence its American reception?” will surprise many people. Students more readily demonstrate empathy with characters and are prepared to ascribe their unenviable life circumstances to social structures that propagate oppression when reading ...


Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker 2016 ACER

Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker

Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG)

In 2012, the Ministry of Education, Afghanistan, engaged the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) as a partner to support the development of a national learning assessment program in Afghanistan. To achieve this goal, the Learning Assessment unit of the Ministry of Education and ACER have collaborated to design and implement the Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG) program in Afghanistan. MTEG is designed as a long-term monitoring program with one focus on trends in achievement outcomes in single class levels over time, and another focus on the growth of achievement in cohorts throughout the school cycle, from Class 3 ...


Monitoring Trends In Educational Growth In Afghanistan : Class 6 School Factors 2013, ACER 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Monitoring Trends In Educational Growth In Afghanistan : Class 6 School Factors 2013, Acer

Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG)

In 2012, the Ministry of Education, Afghanistan, engaged the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) as a partner to support the development of a national learning assessment program in Afghanistan. To achieve this goal, the Learning Assessment unit of the Ministry of Education and ACER have collaborated to design and implement the Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG) program in Afghanistan. MTEG is designed as a long-term monitoring program with one focus on trends in achievement outcomes in single class levels over time, and another focus on the growth of achievement in cohorts throughout the school cycle, from Class 3 ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Cultural Diversity Satisfaction Scores Of Undergraduate Students In Online Learning Environment, Orlando Lobaina 2016 Liberty University

A Comparative Analysis Of Cultural Diversity Satisfaction Scores Of Undergraduate Students In Online Learning Environment, Orlando Lobaina

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quantitative, causal-comparative study was to analyze the differences of perceived overall satisfaction scores (organizational structure, technology usage, and curriculum design) between Caucasian, Latino-American, and African-American undergraduate students enrolled in an online program, as measured by the Cultural Diversity Satisfaction Survey (CDSS) instrument. This study compared the differences between three distinct diverse groups for overall satisfaction in an undergraduate online general elective course. The study participants were undergraduate students enrolled in an online general elective course in Virginia, n = 433. The study utilized a one-way ANOVA to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in means ...


Book Review: Ridge, Natasha. (2014). Education And The Reverse Gender Divide In The Gulf States: Embracing The Global, Ignoring The Local. New York, Ny: Teachers College Press. 216 Pp., Isbn: 978-0-8077-5561-7., Theresa C. Bodon 2016 Sam Houston State University

Book Review: Ridge, Natasha. (2014). Education And The Reverse Gender Divide In The Gulf States: Embracing The Global, Ignoring The Local. New York, Ny: Teachers College Press. 216 Pp., Isbn: 978-0-8077-5561-7., Theresa C. Bodon

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

BOOK REVIEW: Ridge, Natasha. (2014). Education and the Reverse Gender Divide in the Gulf States: Embracing the Global, Ignoring the Local. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. 216 pp., ISBN: 978-0-8077-5561-7.


Twitter In A Spanish Conversation Course (And Maybe In Yours), Pilar Munday 2016 Sacred Heart University

Twitter In A Spanish Conversation Course (And Maybe In Yours), Pilar Munday

Pilar Munday

Dr. Pilar Munday describes her use of twitter in teaching students Spanish language and culture at Sacred Heart University.


Cultivating Leaders Of Indiana, Annagul yaryyeva, Jennifer Sdunzik 2016 Purdue University

Cultivating Leaders Of Indiana, Annagul Yaryyeva, Jennifer Sdunzik

Engagement and Service-Learning Summit

"Cultivating Leaders of Indiana" was developed to establish connections between the Purdue student body and the Frankfort community. By engaging high school students in workshops that focused on local, national, and global identities, the goal of the project was to encourage students to appreciate their individuality and to motivate them to translate their skills into a global perspective.Moreover, workshops centering on themes such as culture, citizenship, media, and education were designed to empower our project participants to embrace their sense of social value and responsibility not only in their immediate communities but also globally.


Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar 2016 Purdue University

Pax Populi: Utilizing Technology And Education As A Means To Achieve Peace, Anand Balar

Engagement and Service-Learning Summit

This project of Pax Populi was presented to the students in the Honors course called Beyond Afghanistan taught by Dr. Brite as an opportunity to do service learning. The goal of Pax Populi as taken from their mission statement is to “put the tools of peacemaking into the hands of ordinary people through initiatives that advance peace through education and economic development within a framework of human rights.”

The tool we used in this case was Skype web conferencing to communicate with an Afghan tutee the students were individually partnered up with to teach English skills to whether they be ...


Counter-Discourses And Alternative Knowledge: Rural Chinese Female Students Accommodating And Resisting The Discourse Of Quality (Suzhi) At Higher Education Institutions In China, Lifang Wang 2016 Syracuse University

Counter-Discourses And Alternative Knowledge: Rural Chinese Female Students Accommodating And Resisting The Discourse Of Quality (Suzhi) At Higher Education Institutions In China, Lifang Wang

Journal of Inquiry and Action in Education

This article, based on a qualitative research study with 66 rural female students attending five public universities and one public college in China, examines how these students negotiated the dominant discourse of quality (suzhi), which represents them as lacking in capacity and knowledge. Since the 1980s when China started implementing its economic reforms, the Chinese state has constructed the discourse of quality to ascribe China’s underdevelopment to the low quality of its population, said to hinder China’s attempts to catch up with the more advanced Western economies. My research findings show how these students have been systematically marginalized ...


Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Private schools have grown tremendously in developing countries. Education systems that adopt market-based principles, through the adoption of charter, voucher or public-private partnerships of varying degrees, are also on the rise globally. These developments suggest that there needs to be more investigation on the roles, responsibilities and regulations governing these entities, and how these developments affect systemwide quality and equity. In the burgeoning literature on the issue of rising private school growth, there is very limited analysis from the perspective of private sector actors. 

In this paper, I respond to this research gap by analyzing private schooling growth in the ...


Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Private Schooling Characteristics, Roles And Grievances, Priyadarshani Joshi

Priyadarshani Joshi

Private schools have grown tremendously in developing countries. Education systems that adopt market-based principles, through the adoption of charter, voucher or public-private partnerships of varying degrees, are also on the rise globally. These developments suggest that there needs to be more investigation on the roles, responsibilities and regulations governing these entities, and how these developments affect systemwide quality and equity. In the burgeoning literature on the issue of rising private school growth, there is very limited analysis from the perspective of private sector actors. 

In this paper, I respond to this research gap by analyzing private schooling growth in the ...


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