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Disability and Equity in Education Commons

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Evidence-Based Practices In Mentoring Students With Disabilities: Four Case Studies, Norma J. Stumbo 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Evidence-Based Practices In Mentoring Students With Disabilities: Four Case Studies, Norma J. Stumbo

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

Individuals with disabilities are attending postsecondary institutions at higher rates than ever before, although many struggle to adjust in college environments. On one hand, higher education positively correlates with better employment outcomes, while on the other, higher education represents more stringent academic requirements and more diffused disability supports. One intervention used to check the ‘trauma’ of transition from high school to postsecondary education is mentoring. This article describes four successful mentorship programs, in various stages of maturity, which are currently funded by the National Science Foundation. The case studies describe the structure of each program, recruitment strategies, the students involved ...


Increasing Stem Accessibility In Students With Print Disabilities Through Mathspeak, M.D. Isaacson 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Increasing Stem Accessibility In Students With Print Disabilities Through Mathspeak, M.D. Isaacson

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

Individuals with print disabilities have difficulty processing information through visual means and rely heavily on spoken input. Mathematics and fields that have a heavy emphasis on mathematics are difficult for these individuals because of ambiguity inherent in typical everyday spoken renderings of mathematical expressions. MathSpeak is a set of rules for speaking mathematical expressions in a non-ambiguous manner. The present study tested the efficacy of MathSpeak rules for disambiguation of auditory renderings of spoken mathematics. Findings suggest that MathSpeak is efficacious for disambiguating spoken mathematics.


An Exploration Into The Barriers And Facilitators Experienced By University Graduates With Disabilities Requiring Personal Assistance Services, Norma J. Stumbo 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

An Exploration Into The Barriers And Facilitators Experienced By University Graduates With Disabilities Requiring Personal Assistance Services, Norma J. Stumbo

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

The purpose of this preliminary study was to explore the residual barriers and facilitators for a selected group of individuals with severe physical disabilities who had been afforded a comprehensive set of strategies and services aimed at meeting their basic personal as well as academic needs. Their perceptions of both barriers and facilitators, experienced while in school and post-graduation, were the focus of this qualitative research study. Due to the funding source, differences between individuals who majored in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) and non-STEM fields were also explored. Personal interviews were conducted with a stratified random sample of ...


Development Of A Curriculum To Teach The “Soft Skills” Necessary For The Future Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Laboratory Technician Workforce, Annemarie D. Ross, Todd Pagano 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Development Of A Curriculum To Teach The “Soft Skills” Necessary For The Future Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Laboratory Technician Workforce, Annemarie D. Ross, Todd Pagano

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

There is often a particular void in the education of deaf and hard-of-hearing students who intend to become competent working laboratory technicians. Inasmuch as certain basic professional skills (“soft skills”, in this case) are not generally taught in traditional science courses, a new curriculum has been developed in order to enforce these skills. The “soft skills” of focus in this study are safety awareness, technical writing, and teamwork/conflict resolution. The development of the pedagogical tools used to teach these specific “soft skills” are discussed, as well as an assessment of the augmentation in student understanding in each skill area ...


Teacher Training Workshop For Educators Of Students Who Are Blind Or Low Vision, Cary A. Supalo, Thomas E. Mallouk 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Teacher Training Workshop For Educators Of Students Who Are Blind Or Low Vision, Cary A. Supalo, Thomas E. Mallouk

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

The Independent Laboratory Access for the Blind (ILAB) project has developed a suite of speech accessible tools for students who are blind or low vision to use in secondary and postsecondary science laboratory classes. The following are illustrations of experiments designed to be used by educators to introduce them to the ILAB tools, and to demonstrate how these tools can be incorporated into standard laboratory experiments. Information about the Lawrence Hall of Science’s SAVI/SELPH curriculum is also discussed.


Increasing The Accessibility Of Science For All Students, Samantha Langley - Turnbaugh 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Increasing The Accessibility Of Science For All Students, Samantha Langley - Turnbaugh

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

This paper evaluates the accessibility of selected field and laboratory high school science activities, and provides suggestions for increasing accessibility for students with disabilities. We focused on GLOBE (Global Learning Observations to Benefit the Environment) protocols, specifically the new Seasons and Biomes investigation currently being developed as part of the GLOBE program. Five university students with disabilities majoring in science or technology were recruited to test the GLOBE protocols, and 10 protocols were evaluated for accessibility. Based on our results, we make several suggestions with regards to instructions, equipment, safety, outcomes and activity significance that will increase the accessibility of ...


Talking Tools To Assist Students Who Are Blind In Laboratory Courses, Cary A. Supalo, Thomas E. Mallouk 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Talking Tools To Assist Students Who Are Blind In Laboratory Courses, Cary A. Supalo, Thomas E. Mallouk

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

A number of tools and techniques have been developed to assist students with blindness and visual impairment who are studying in secondary and post-secondary science laboratories. Commercial electronic probes and their associated software packages allow real-time viewing and collection of data using a personal computer; however, until now, these data have been inaccessible to students with blindness or visual impairment because of the incompatibility of the data acquisition software with screen-reading software. Recent programming modifications now allow a new level of compatibility, which promotes a greater degree of independence and accessibility to laboratory science for people with visual impairments.


Pedagogical Applications Of Instant Messaging Technology For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Students In The Science Classroom, Todd Pagano, Larry K. Quinsland 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Pedagogical Applications Of Instant Messaging Technology For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Students In The Science Classroom, Todd Pagano, Larry K. Quinsland

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

For deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals, the emergence of Instant Messaging technology and digital pagers has been perhaps one of the greatest liberating communication technological breakthroughs since the advent of the TTY. Instant Messaging has evolved into an everyday socially compelling, portable, and “real time” communication mode for students. The focus of this paper is on the pedagogical implications of using Instant Messaging technology to promote student learning and on the process of implementing the technology in order to engage deaf and hard-of-hearing students, both in and out of the science classroom. Applications include in-class learning activities (in homogeneous and heterogeneous ...


Video-Tutorials For Tech Sign Vocabulary In Astronomy, Judy Egelston-Dodd, Simon Ting 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Video-Tutorials For Tech Sign Vocabulary In Astronomy, Judy Egelston-Dodd, Simon Ting

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

This article describes the mediated American Sing Language (ASL) presentation of technical vocabulary and definitions within the context of a web-based astronomy course for first year students at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf at Rochester Institute of Technology (Rochester, NY). Deaf students showed achievement gains with fewer astronomy misconceptions. Also, student ratings of instructor ASL skill, as reported on the student rating system, were higher after students used the ASL vocabulary videos.


Gender Differences In Perceived Value Of A Program To Promote Academic And Career Success For Students With Disabilities, Sheryl Burgstahler 2014 Rochester Institute of Technology

Gender Differences In Perceived Value Of A Program To Promote Academic And Career Success For Students With Disabilities, Sheryl Burgstahler

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

This article reports the results of a retrospective survey of participants in an exemplary transition program for college-bound youth with disabilities. The study compared how male and female participants perceived changes in themselves in the areas of academic skills, social skills, Internet skills, levels of preparation for college and employment, levels of awareness of career options, and personal characteristics during the course of their participation; values of program components; and impact of program participation on their lives. In accordance with conventional gender stereotypes, significantly more boys indicated initial interests and/or career goals in the fields of science, technology, engineering ...


Preparing Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders For Employment, Princess M. Cullum, Demetria Ennis-Cole 2014 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Preparing Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorders For Employment, Princess M. Cullum, Demetria Ennis-Cole

Online Journal for Workforce Education and Development

The work experiences and job histories of adults with ASD were examined to determine whether or not they corroborate findings in the literature. Incidences of ASD are on the rise, and children diagnosed with ASD will become adults who will need employment opportunities. Most employers are using a variety of technology tools to increase productivity, communicate, perform record-keeping tasks, save time and money, and conduct business. Individuals with ASD gravitate toward technology, and employment opportunities that capitalize on the use
technology may allow them to be productive in the
workplace. Semi-structured interviews using
open-ended questions reviewed and approved by
founders ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Inclusive Environments From The Perspective Of Rural Middle School General Education Teachers Of Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, James Barr 2014 Liberty University

A Phenomenological Study Of Inclusive Environments From The Perspective Of Rural Middle School General Education Teachers Of Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, James Barr

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This phenomenological study explored the shared experience of rural middle school general education teachers of students diagnosed with emotional and behavioral disorders (EBD) in inclusive classrooms. The study began by examining related issues associated with inclusive environments. Data analysis was structured around phenomenological organizational methods: that there exists within the phenomenon a descriptive experience, and within that experience there are voids of possible explanation and interpretation. The research incorporated observations, interviews, and documents as forms of data collection. This inquiry sought to uncover the ways in which general education teachers who serve students diagnosed with emotional and behavioral disabilities find ...


Becoming An Inclusive Educator: Applying Deleuze & Guattari To Teacher Education, Loraine M. McKay, Suzanne Carrington, Radha Iver 2014 Edith Cowan University

Becoming An Inclusive Educator: Applying Deleuze & Guattari To Teacher Education, Loraine M. Mckay, Suzanne Carrington, Radha Iver

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

New ways of thinking are required in teacher education to promote beginning teachers as change agents in education. Twenty years after the Salamanca Statement (UNESCO, 1994) that called for schools to provide equitable opportunities for all children, teaching practices in many classrooms are informed by the deficit view of learning. Beginning teachers need to be prepared to challenge the ideological influences that operate in schools. Deleuze and Guattari’s (1987) model of the rhizome is used to report one beginning teacher’s journey as she learnt to negotiate structural and personal obstacles to create an inclusive learning environment. Data from ...


Universal Design And Cognitions Of Choice: An Integrated Approach To Effective Substance Misuse Treatment Efforts, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D. 2014 Pacific University

Universal Design And Cognitions Of Choice: An Integrated Approach To Effective Substance Misuse Treatment Efforts, Clarissa E. Steffen Ed.D.

Faculty Scholarship (COE)

Having the ability to exercise critical thinking at a conscious level of choice versus impulsively responding may support the difference between health and continued substance misuse during periods of vulnerability. Cognitions of Choice offers twenty four critical thinking skills that are connected to three levels of developmental choice that engages self-dialog between automatic thinking, meta-thinking, and conscious thought patterns. By the time many individuals make their way into treatment and recovery programs the likelihood of their presenting with physical disabilities and mental health conditions is heightened. Incorporating the principles of Universal Design into program development allows for full access for ...


The Effectiveness Of Independent Reading And Self-Selected Texts On Adolescent Reading Comprehension: A Quantitative Study, Sarah Horne 2014 Liberty University

The Effectiveness Of Independent Reading And Self-Selected Texts On Adolescent Reading Comprehension: A Quantitative Study, Sarah Horne

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Striving adolescent readers often find themselves with little or no support once they enter high school. The success of independent reading programs that target students' reading levels and accommodate student interest at the elementary level is well-documented. As students progress throughout their school years, such freedom is traditionally replaced with a strict adherence to lists of canonical classics of literature, most of which are well above a struggling reader's independent reading level. This study explored the value of such an independent reading program that addresses both student interest as well as student reading ability at the secondary level and ...


Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer 2014 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Is Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy An Effective Treatment For Autism? A Review, Daniel Dunleavy, Bruce A. Thyer

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Objectives: We review outcome studies regarding the effectiveness of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). Method: Studies were identified through electronic bibliographic databases and manual searches of article reference lists. Results: A total of 8 studies met eligibility criteria, consisting of three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), one quasi-experimental study involving a comparison group, two pre-experimental one-group pretest–posttest studies, and two single-system designs. Studies reviewed did not offer credible evidence to suggest that HBOT is an effective treatment for autism. Conclusion: It is premature to call HBOT an effective treatment for Autism and ASD. Individuals clinically treated ...


Student Retention In Stem: Exploration Of The Gender Gap, Olha Ketsman, Carolina C. Ilie 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Student Retention In Stem: Exploration Of The Gender Gap, Olha Ketsman, Carolina C. Ilie

DBER Speaker Series

Prior research indicates that there are small numbers of women in STEM areas and in physics in particular; the latter may suggest that women who have potential to contribute to physics choose other careers. This presentation examines the gender gap in STEM with a focus on physics. We discuss a that was survey administered to undergraduate science students at one primarily undergraduate college in the United States, the factors that impacted student decisions in physics, and recommendations to increase student retention.


Call For Papers - Book Of Readings On : Approaches To Early Childhood, Literacy And Special Needs Instruction In Developing Societies, Dr Williams Emeka Obiozor, Dr Ngozi Anyikwa 2014 SelectedWorks

Call For Papers - Book Of Readings On : Approaches To Early Childhood, Literacy And Special Needs Instruction In Developing Societies, Dr Williams Emeka Obiozor, Dr Ngozi Anyikwa

Dr Williams Emeka Obiozor

CALL FOR PAPERS Approaches to Early Childhood and Special Needs Instruction in Developing Societies By Williams Emeka Obiozor, EdD. Ngozi E. Anyikwa, PhD. Faculty of Education Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka - Nigeria For book Chapters…..Forward/Submit your ABSTRACTS & FULL PAPERS to: onestreetprojects@gmail.com, and copy ngozianyikwa@yahoo.com Submission Deadline: August 30, 2013. Publication date: January 2014.


Idea Class Actions After Wal-Mart V. Dukes, Mark C. Weber 2014 DePaul University

Idea Class Actions After Wal-Mart V. Dukes, Mark C. Weber

Mark C. Weber

Wal-Mart v. Dukes overturned the certification of a class of a million and a half female employees alleging sex discrimination in Wal-Mart’s salary and promotion decisions. The Supreme Court ruled that the case did not satisfy the requirement that a class have a common question of law or fact, and said that the remedy sought was not the type of relief available under the portion of the class action rule permitting mandatory class actions. Over the last two years, courts have struggled with how to apply the ruling, especially how to apply it beyond its immediate context of employment ...


Lulac V. Richards: The Class Action Lawsuit That Prompted The South Texas Border Initiative And Enhanced Access To Higher Education For Mexican Americans Living Along The South Texas Border, Ricardo Ray Ortegón 2014 Northeastern University

Lulac V. Richards: The Class Action Lawsuit That Prompted The South Texas Border Initiative And Enhanced Access To Higher Education For Mexican Americans Living Along The South Texas Border, Ricardo Ray Ortegón

Education Doctoral Theses

This case study examined the trials and tribulations a predominantly Mexican-American community in South Texas went through to obtain higher education opportunities for its residents. This study focuses on the LULAC v. Richards lawsuit and the South Texas Border Initiative. In 1987, the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) filed a class-action lawsuit on behalf of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) and other Mexican American organizations and individuals. The lawsuit was filed against the State of Texas claiming that higher education leaders discriminated against Mexican Americans living along the south Texas border by not offering ...


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