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Disability and Equity in Education Commons

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Exploration Of Classroom Seating Arrangement And Student Behavior In A Second Grade Classroom, Kate Simmons, Laura Carpenter, Schronna Crenshaw, Vanessa M. Hinton 2015 Georgia Southern University

Exploration Of Classroom Seating Arrangement And Student Behavior In A Second Grade Classroom, Kate Simmons, Laura Carpenter, Schronna Crenshaw, Vanessa M. Hinton

Georgia Educational Researcher

The purpose of this study was to determine if a specific classroom seating arrangement can contribute to students being on or off-task while completing independent work within the general education setting of an inclusive second grade class. In this study, three classroom seating arrangements were compared in a second grade classroom. These seating arrangements were cluster seating, horseshoe seating, and row seating. There were specific targeted off-task behaviors that were to be observed: inappropriate talking, students out of their seats without permission, students not following directions, and students not starting independent work promptly. Data were collected using three methods: observation ...


Accessibility In Teaching Assistant Training: A Critical Review Of Programming From Ontario’S Teaching And Learning Centres, Marie Vander Kloet 2015 Western University

Accessibility In Teaching Assistant Training: A Critical Review Of Programming From Ontario’S Teaching And Learning Centres, Marie Vander Kloet

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

It is increasingly understood that university education must be accessible to persons with disabilities. The responsibility to make the university accessible is arguably shared by all of us and yet, the extent to which it has become fully accessible is certainly suspect. By undertaking qualitative, discursive analysis of websites, online texts and other materials provided by Ontario’s teaching and learning centres, this paper seeks to do two things. First, it provides a critical overview of the types of training currently available at Ontario universities for teaching assistants on accessibility and teaching. This review will outline initiatives directed towards compliance ...


Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson 2015 Western Oregon University

Heritage Learner To Professional Interpreter: Who Are Deaf-Parented Interpreters And How Do They Achieve Professional Status?, Amy Williamson

Master's Theses

Individuals who have one or more deaf parent can be considered heritage learners of a signed language (Compton, 2014; Valdes, 2005). These individuals have had language brokering experiences (Napier, in press) before entering a formal program or attending any training to become an interpreter. Despite the experiences and skills they bring to the classroom and the profession of ASL/ English interpreting, deaf-parented interpreters anecdotally say that educational opportunities do not account for their specific needs and skill-set. The relationship between demographic characteristics of ASL/English interpreters who have one or more deaf parent, including their linguistic environments during formative years ...


Deaf-Hearing Interpreter Teams: Navigating Trust In Shared Space, Laurie Reese Reinhardt 2015 Western Oregon University

Deaf-Hearing Interpreter Teams: Navigating Trust In Shared Space, Laurie Reese Reinhardt

Master's Theses

This mixed-method study was designed to explore whether role function inequalities among Deaf and hearing interpreters contribute to trust issues within Deaf-hearing interpreter teams. The initial hypothesis stated that role functionality, when not clearly delineated, contributes to the formation and perpetuation of mistrust within Deaf-hearing interpreter teams. Llewellyn-Jones & Lee’s (2014) axes of role-space functionality include interaction management, consumer alignment, and the “presentation of self” and address the interpreters’ interface with the consumers in an interpreted event. The data did not support the presence of explicit issues of trust when the team moved outward to interact with consumers. Survey data ...


Act Like A Lady: The Impact Of Gender Identity On American Sign Language – English Interpreters, Grace B. Artl 2015 Western Oregon University

Act Like A Lady: The Impact Of Gender Identity On American Sign Language – English Interpreters, Grace B. Artl

Master's Theses

In this study, trends in gender-related traits among practitioners of American Sign Language – English interpreting are investigated. The impact of gender identity on practitioners’ perceptions of their role and professional experiences is also explored. Limited research exists to address issues of gender within the American Sign Language – English interpreting field but is largely focused on differences in discourse among male and female practitioners. Data for this study was collected through quantitative and qualitative means: an online survey incorporating the Bem Sex-Role Inventory and interviews with five practitioners of American Sign Language – English interpreting. A review of related literature supported the ...


The Impact Of Co-Teaching On General Education Students In Seventh Grade Math, Kenneth Lamar James 2015 Liberty University

The Impact Of Co-Teaching On General Education Students In Seventh Grade Math, Kenneth Lamar James

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Federal legislation has mandated that all students, including students with disabilities, perform at or above a certain level on standardized tests. Students with disabilities consistently have scored below the required minimum score. Educators have begun implementing co-teaching strategies in the general education classroom in order to better serve the students with disabilities. This has caused concern among some parents and other educators as to how the inclusion of special education students in the general classroom will affect the achievement of general education students. This quantitative study is designed to gather data from the math section of the Criterion Referenced Competency ...


Open Education At The Boston Library Consortium, Charlotte Roh 2015 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Open Education At The Boston Library Consortium, Charlotte Roh

Charlotte Roh

This presentation was a lightning talk for the annual Boston Library Consortium (BLC) Networking Day. It discusses the Open Education Initiative (OEI) at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and open education movement around the country, including student involvement and assessment outcomes.


An International Student's Perspective: Navigating Identities And Conducting Ethnographic Fieldwork In The U.S., Rama Cousik 2015 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

An International Student's Perspective: Navigating Identities And Conducting Ethnographic Fieldwork In The U.S., Rama Cousik

Professional Studies Faculty Publications

Researchers that conduct fieldwork outside of their home country oftentimes experience challenges and situations that are not described in textbooks. While some encounters may be affirmational, other experiences can challenge identities and interrogate assumptions. In this narrative, I recount my experiences as a novice ethnographer. I am from India and at that time, I was conducting research in an elementary school in the U.S. From the first day of entering the field, I discovered a process of internal transformation. I hope that by sharing my experience other ethnographers will embrace their own process of reflexivity.


Delayed Gratification Behavior Among Elementary School Children: An Intervention Model, Nadine A. Joseph 2015 University of the Southern Caribbean

Delayed Gratification Behavior Among Elementary School Children: An Intervention Model, Nadine A. Joseph

Journal of Research Initiatives

In the 1960s, Walter Mischel conducted the first study on delayed gratification behavior (Goleman, 1995; Mischel, Shoda & Rodriquez, 1989). Since then, many other follow-up studies have been done to prove what sociologists call ‘the delayed gratification pattern’ (see Funder, Block & Block; Logue & Chavarro 1992). These studies propose that participants who are able to delay gratification around of the age of four were better adjusted and more dependable during their adult lives. Studies conducted to assist participants who were unable to delay gratification could not be uncovered. In this study, researchers invited parents and teachers to use intervention techniques over a one school year period to shape waiting behavior among 100 first year elementary school children who were unable to delay gratification for 20 minutes ...


The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Physical Education Programs In Selected Preschools In Central North Carolina, Andrea Woodson-Smith, Gloria Holden 2015 North Carolina Central University

The Strengths And Weaknesses Of Physical Education Programs In Selected Preschools In Central North Carolina, Andrea Woodson-Smith, Gloria Holden

Journal of Research Initiatives

The purpose of this research was to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of selected preschool physical education programs in Central North Carolina and to analyze the available teaching resources for preschool physical education teachers who teach children who are developmental delayed. Data were gathered by using a revised version of the Evaluation of K-12 Physical Education Programs: A Self-Study Approach. The Likert-type scale questionnaire survey was administered to elementary physical education teachers and the preschool staff. The results of the study revealed the areas in preschool physical education programs that needed improvement and noted the areas of priority. The research ...


Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait McKinney 2015 Iowa State University

Mental Noise, Devon O'Brien, Luke Elzinga, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

College can be a big change from the high school routine, and students deal with stress every day. But at what point do the stresses of school and life become more than just daily struggles? Every day, Heather Rennerfeldt would open her books to study. She would read a few lines, and instantly the panic would set in. Her heart would race and the sweating couldn’t be stopped, either. The only thing Heather could do to end it was shut her book and walk away. But it didn’t stop there. She looked like any other college student, and ...


A Historical Perspective On The Revolution Of Science Education For Students Who Are Blind Or Visually Impaired In The United States, Cary A. Supalo Dr. 2015 Cary Alan Supalo

A Historical Perspective On The Revolution Of Science Education For Students Who Are Blind Or Visually Impaired In The United States, Cary A. Supalo Dr.

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

The following was an invited presentation given by Dr. Cary A. Supalo to the National Federation of the Blind of Illinois annual state convention that was held in Chicago, Illinois on Saturday, October 28, 2011. These remarks were slightly modified for the Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities.

Cary A. Supalo

What does the term Revolution mean? To some it can simply mean change. To others, it can mean drastic change, and still to others, revolution is no more than a descriptor for something else. In this context, I believe revolution refers to a time of significant change ...


Efficacy Of The Picture Exchange Communication Systemin Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Reagan Blason 2015 Chapman University

Efficacy Of The Picture Exchange Communication Systemin Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Reagan Blason

Student Research Day Abstracts and Posters

The increasing diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) each year affect many families worldwide and are a major concern to therapists, healthcare workers, and educators. Many children diagnosed with ASD will never go on to develop functional speech or will have limited communication, as well as impaired social-communication skills. Limited communication makes education and therapy difficult for these children and their caregivers. Language therapy and interventions aim to improve social-communication and speech in these children, so it is crucial to find the most efficient interventions. The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) is a common tool used to assist communication in ...


Then And Now: An Analysis Of Broad-Based Merit Aid Initial Eligibility Policies After Twenty Years, William K. Ingle, Jason R. Ratliff 2015 University of Louisville

Then And Now: An Analysis Of Broad-Based Merit Aid Initial Eligibility Policies After Twenty Years, William K. Ingle, Jason R. Ratliff

Kentucky Journal of Higher Education Policy and Practice

Using Hall’s framework of policy changes, we sought to document and classify changes in initial eligibility and award provisions of broad-based merit aid scholarship programs at inception and present day. Our analysis revealed five first-order changes, two second-order changes, and only one third order change. Although the policy settings, instruments, and goals remained static in five states, the scholarship dollars in four of them have not kept up with increases in overall cost of attendance.


Effective Practices For Developing Academic Language And Writing Skills In English Language Learners In The Elementary School Setting, Jenna N. Emadzadeh 2015 Dominican University of California

Effective Practices For Developing Academic Language And Writing Skills In English Language Learners In The Elementary School Setting, Jenna N. Emadzadeh

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

With an increased population of English Language Learners (ELLs), educators are in need of programs and strategies that help their students learn academic content while learning to understand, speak, read, and write English (Duessen, Autio, Roccegrandi & Hanita, 2014). ELLs face several obstacles while learning in an elementary school classroom.

Studies have shown the positive effects of word analysis and vocabulary learning strategies on student achievement (Carlo, August, McLaughlin, Snow, Dressler, Lippman, Lively & White, 2004). Project GLAD is a model of professional development in the area of language acquisition and literacy that focuses on such instruction. According to Echevarria and Short ...


What Is Social Justice? Opening A Discussion, John M. Winslade 2015 California State University - San Bernardino

What Is Social Justice? Opening A Discussion, John M. Winslade

Wisdom in Education

This paper is a record of a discussion on social justice that took place at California State University San Bernardino on January 23, 2013. It addresses the definition of what social justice is, what injustice is, and the significance of a concern for social justice for educators. Multiple viewpoints are included.


Hidden On Campus: The Impact Of Parental Illness On The College Student Experience, Molly Wilensky 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hidden On Campus: The Impact Of Parental Illness On The College Student Experience, Molly Wilensky

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

It is unknown how many traditionally-aged college students experience the impact of parental illness immediately prior to or at some point during their time at an institution. Literature related to attachment and coping and identities/relationships provided a framework for understanding family dynamics and traditional experiences for students transitioning to a collegiate environment. Literature related to familial or parental illness provides some insight regarding the impact of illness on the college student experience; however, this research relies primarily on retrospective studies and quantitative data. What little research exists largely fails to portray the voices and subjective experiences of students coping ...


Giving A Voice To The Parent/Guardians/Caregivers Of Students With Special Needs: Advocacy For Services, Sara Cofiell 2015 Dominican University of California

Giving A Voice To The Parent/Guardians/Caregivers Of Students With Special Needs: Advocacy For Services, Sara Cofiell

Master's Theses and Capstone Projects

Parents/Guardians/Caregivers of students with special needs are often at a loss as how to help their child be successful within the public school system. Communication is the key towards developing any form of path to success; however, the PGC of students with special needs are often limited, or at a loss as how to communicate these demands to the teachers and/or the district administration.

The purpose of this study is to enlighten the guardians of the numerous services that are available either at a school or district level within a suburban K-12 education system. Each district varies ...


Spoken Language To Be Embraced And Avoided Around Disability: Words That Impact Identity And Sense Of Achievement, Jessica M. Rodrigues 2015 SIT Graduate Institute

Spoken Language To Be Embraced And Avoided Around Disability: Words That Impact Identity And Sense Of Achievement, Jessica M. Rodrigues

Capstone Collection

The focus of this capstone is verbal language spoken to or about persons with disabilities. Language in this case study is discussed as words and phrases that are supportive and less supportive of how students see themselves, their identity, and sense of achievement. Three focus groups were held with students at Landmark College in Putney, Vermont to collect samples of their experiences and input their voices into this case study, adding value and depth to the existing literature. Disability is looked at through the lens of multiculturalism; as experiences that people with disabilities have with others and their environment are ...


Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa 2015 Buffalo State College

Distinguishing Originality From Creativity In Adhd: An Assessment Of Creative Personality, Self-Perception, And Cognitive Style Among Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Adults, Jean-Pierre J. Issa

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Theses

Debates over whether Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) relates to high levels of creativity have been hampered by a lack of rigor when defining creativity. The purpose of the present study was to go beyond the rhetoric by empirically investigating creative personality, creative self-perception, and cognitive style among 49 ADHD adults. Comparative analysis to studies of non-ADHD samples revealed distinctive tendencies: A mean group score of 115.71 (SD=18.02) on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) indicated preferences for originality, nonconformity, paradigm-breaking, and low efficiency that was over one standard deviation higher than average non-ADHD population scores. Combined inattentive/hyperactiveimpulsive ...


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