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Call For Manuscripts!, 2018 Rochester Institute of Technology

Call For Manuscripts!

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

No abstract provided.


Parts Of The Whole: Hands On Statistics, Dorothy Wallace 2018 Dartmouth College

Parts Of The Whole: Hands On Statistics, Dorothy Wallace

Numeracy

In this column we describe a hands-on data collection lab for an introductory statistics course. The exercise elicits issues of normality, sampling, and sample mean comparisons. Based on volcanology models of tephra dispersion, this lab leads students to question the accuracy of some assumptions made in the model, particularly regarding the normality of the dispersal of tephra of identical size in a given atmospheric layer.


Review Of Painting By Numbers: How To Sharpen Your Bs Detector And Smoke Out The "Experts" By Jason Makansi, Denis Voytenko 2018 University of South Florida

Review Of Painting By Numbers: How To Sharpen Your Bs Detector And Smoke Out The "Experts" By Jason Makansi, Denis Voytenko

Numeracy

Makansi, Jason. 2016. Painting By Numbers: How to Sharpen Your BS Detector and Smoke Out the "Experts". Tucson, AZ: Layla Dog Press. 196 pp. ISBN 978-0-9984259-0-0.

Jason Makansi’s book, Painting By Numbers: How to Sharpen Your BS Detector and Smoke out the "experts," aims to get people to start thinking more about the errors in models and data presented to them on a daily basis. The book is written in a friendly and accessible way without excessive jargon. Throughout the book, Makansi provides the reader with twelve commandments to follow to be able to evaluate questionable claims along with ...


Models As Weapons: Review Of Weapons Of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality And Threatens Democracy By Cathy O’Neil (2016), Samuel L. Tunstall 2018 Michigan State University

Models As Weapons: Review Of Weapons Of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality And Threatens Democracy By Cathy O’Neil (2016), Samuel L. Tunstall

Numeracy

Cathy O’Neil. Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy (New York, NY: Crown) 272 pp. ISBN 978-0553418811.

Accessible to a wide readership, Cathy O’Neil’s Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy provides a lucid yet alarming account of the extensive reach of mathematical models in influencing all of our lives. With a particular eye towards social justice, O’Neil not only warns modelers to be cognizant of the effects of their work on real people—especially vulnerable groups who have less power to fight back—but also ...


Why I Believe People Need Painting By Numbers, Jason Makansi 2018 Pearl Street

Why I Believe People Need Painting By Numbers, Jason Makansi

Numeracy

Jason Makansi. Painting By Numbers: How to Sharpen Your BS Detector and Smoke Out the Experts (Tucson AZ: Layla Dog Press, 2016). 196 pp. ISBN 978-0998425900.

This piece briefly introduces my Painting By Numbers, which aims to take the core messages of the QL/QR community from academic and professional circles to the rest of the citizenry. I describe the book in the context of the critical need for the most basic numeracy tools to help consumers of news, information, and analysis—delivered through traditional and contemporary social media outlets—determine where a reported numerical result lies on the scale ...


Quantitative Map Literacy: A Cross Between Map Literacy And Quantitative Literacy, Ming Xie, H. L. Vacher, Steven Reader, Elizabeth Walton 2018 University of South Florida

Quantitative Map Literacy: A Cross Between Map Literacy And Quantitative Literacy, Ming Xie, H. L. Vacher, Steven Reader, Elizabeth Walton

Numeracy

We define quantitative map literacy (QML), a cross between map literacy and quantitative literacy (QL), as the concepts and skills required to accurately read, use, interpret, and understand the quantitative information embedded in a geospatial representation of data on a geographic background. Long used as tools in technical geographic fields, maps are now a common vehicle for communicating quantitative information to the public. As such, QML has potential to stand alongside health numeracy and financial literacy as an identifiable subdomain of transdisciplinary QL.

What concepts and skills are crucial for QML? The obvious answer is, “It depends on the type ...


Increasing Statistical Literacy By Exploiting Lexical Ambiguity Of Technical Terms, Jennifer J. Kaplan, Neal Rogness 2018 University of Georgia

Increasing Statistical Literacy By Exploiting Lexical Ambiguity Of Technical Terms, Jennifer J. Kaplan, Neal Rogness

Numeracy

Instructional inattention to language poses a barrier for students in entry-level science courses, in part because students may perceive a subject as difficult solely based on the lack of understanding of the vocabulary. In addition, the technical use of terms that have different everyday meanings may cause students to misinterpret statements made by instructors, leading to an incomplete or incorrect understanding of the domain. Terms that have different technical and everyday meanings are said to have lexical ambiguity and statistics, as a discipline, has many lexically ambiguous terms. This paper presents a cyclic process for designing activities to address lexical ...


Disrupting Dominant Discourses: A (Re)Introduction To Social Practice Theories Of Adult Numeracy, Helen M. Oughton 2018 University of Bolton

Disrupting Dominant Discourses: A (Re)Introduction To Social Practice Theories Of Adult Numeracy, Helen M. Oughton

Numeracy

The role of dominant discourse in constructing a deficit view of adult numeracy is examined, using reports from recent international surveys of adult skills as illustrative examples. Social practice theory is introduced as an alternative perspective for examining the ways adults actually use numeracy in their daily lives and work. This perspective suggests the test items used by large-scale surveys such as PIACC are only proxies for real-life numeracy skills, and that performance in such tests may misrepresent the numeracy skills of adults. Instead, social practice theory suggests that adults may have informal, situated numeracy practices that serve them adequately ...


Students’ Use Of Optional Online Reviews And Its Relationship To Summative Assessment Outcomes In Introductory Biology, Shana K. Carpenter, Shuebur Rahman, Terry J.S. Lund, Patrick I. Armstrong, Monica H. Lamm, Robert D. Reason, Clark R. Coffman 2018 Iowa State University

Students’ Use Of Optional Online Reviews And Its Relationship To Summative Assessment Outcomes In Introductory Biology, Shana K. Carpenter, Shuebur Rahman, Terry J.S. Lund, Patrick I. Armstrong, Monica H. Lamm, Robert D. Reason, Clark R. Coffman

Monica H. Lamm

Retrieval practice has been shown to produce significant enhancements in student learning of course information, but the extent to which students make use of retrieval to learn information on their own is unclear. In the current study, students in a large introductory biology course were provided with optional online review questions that could be accessed as Test questions (requiring students to answer the questions before receiving feedback) or as Read questions (providing students with the question and correct answer up-front). Students more often chose to access the questions as Test compared with Read, and students who used the Test questions ...


A Tale Of Two Courses: Exploring Teacher Candidates’ Translation Of Science And Special Education Methods Instruction Into Inclusive Science Practices, Sami Kahn, Ryan Pigman, Jennifer Ottley 2018 Ohio University

A Tale Of Two Courses: Exploring Teacher Candidates’ Translation Of Science And Special Education Methods Instruction Into Inclusive Science Practices, Sami Kahn, Ryan Pigman, Jennifer Ottley

Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities

Early childhood educators teach science to all students, including students with disabilities. Strategies for accommodating students with disabilities in science, including familiarity with equitable frameworks such as Universal Design for Learning (UDL) are therefore a critical aspect of early childhood teacher candidates’ pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Such strategies are often emphasized in special education courses that are offered separately from science methods courses. This practice assumes that teacher candidates can synthesize and transfer those practices into their science lesson planning. To explore how teacher candidates actually assimilate the instruction on inclusive science that is taught in their preparation coursework, this ...


Sotl 101: An Introduction To The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning, Andy Gavrin 2018 Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis

Sotl 101: An Introduction To The Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning, Andy Gavrin

Scholarship of Teaching and Learning Workshop

In this workshop held at Marian University Dr. Andy Gavrin discusses the power of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL), how SoTL research is completed, and how to develop one's own plan for conducting SoTL research in the classroom.

Dr. Andy Gavrin is Associate Professor and Chair of Physics at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), and a member of IUPUI’s University College faculty. He is a co-developer of the Just-in-Time Teaching method, and a “serial adopter” of educational technologies. He is a Fellow of the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) and winner of the AAPT ...


Concentration, Amount And Counting By Weighing, Julian Tyson 2018 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Concentration, Amount And Counting By Weighing, Julian Tyson

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

Concentration, Amount and Counting by Weighing

UMass Amherst STEM Ed Institute Saturday Workshop 2/3/2018

Julian Tyson, Professor Emeritus, Department of Chemistry. Tyson@chem.umass.edu

Session 1. Introductions.

Ice-breaker: The elementarity contest.

Setting the scene: “How much arsenic do we eat?” Why do we want to know? The Consumer Reports articles (Nov 2012 and Nov 2014)

Dealing with really big and really small numbers.

Session 2. Amount, concentration

Solids, liquids and gases. The “parts per” concept.

Session 3. Counting by weighing

The count equation. Rice grains (the bottle content problem), atoms and molecules.. Chemical formulas and balanced chemical ...


Air Pressure, Clouds, And Weather, Laura Shofield 2018 Bartlett Community Partnership School, Lowell Public Schools

Air Pressure, Clouds, And Weather, Laura Shofield

Science and Engineering Saturday Seminars

1) What are basis characteristics of the atmosphere?

2) What is the horizontal and vertical movement of air in a “High” and “Low?”

3) How do clouds form and what can they tell us?

4) How are temperature, pressure and clouds related?

5) Applying concepts to real-time data


From Worldviews To Classrooms: Framing Evolution Acceptance In Pre-Service Science Teachers In The Southeastern United States, Amanda Glaze 2018 Georgia Southern University

From Worldviews To Classrooms: Framing Evolution Acceptance In Pre-Service Science Teachers In The Southeastern United States, Amanda Glaze

Georgia Educational Researcher

Research demonstrates that teachers' acceptance or rejection of evolution impacts whether they teach evolution in their classrooms. Furthermore, factors such as religiosity and nature of science understanding impact acceptance or rejection. What is absent from the literature is an exploration of experiences that inform choices made regarding acceptance or rejection, experiences that illuminate the counter-intuitive relationships demonstrated in quantitative studies. For this reason, we explore the lived experiences that inform the worldviews of Pre-Service Secondary Science Teachers (PSSTs) and how those worldviews might inform their acceptance or rejection of evolution. Coding and pattern analysis informed themes within the data explaining ...


The Importance Of Automaticity Development In Mathematics, Austin T. Baker, Josh Cuevas 2018 University of North Georgia

The Importance Of Automaticity Development In Mathematics, Austin T. Baker, Josh Cuevas

Georgia Educational Researcher

This study examined whether students were reaching automaticity with single digit multiplication facts. A fourteen question interview was used to collect data. The first three questions asked the student basic information about themselves and their current math teacher. The next seven questions were math facts. The math facts chosen for the interview were a range of difficulty, starting with a simple problem like 1 x 9 and increasing in difficulty to 6 x 9. The last four questions were open-ended with the intent of gaining insight into whether the students were using strategies to complete the problems or if they ...


Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart 2018 W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research

Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Argumentation In The High School Science Classroom: Underutilized And Misunderstood, Jillian R. Richmond 2017 University of Toledo

Argumentation In The High School Science Classroom: Underutilized And Misunderstood, Jillian R. Richmond

Learning to Teach

Argumentation is a crucial part of discourse in the scientific field, but is rarely found in the science classroom. This raises the questions of why teachers are not using argumentation, as well as what benefits argumentation provides in the science classroom. Argumentation is not widely used in the science education field due to lack of teacher knowledge about integration techniques and teachers’ fear of unruly class discussions. However, research shows that students benefit in many ways from argumentation based learning by allowing students to work through real world problems to develop higher level thinking skills. This paper discusses the importance ...


Scientific Inquiry And The Impact On Classroom Environment, Heather K. Leckie 2017 The University of Toledo

Scientific Inquiry And The Impact On Classroom Environment, Heather K. Leckie

Learning to Teach

Scientific inquiry is an instructional strategy that requires students to engage in scientific problem solving by identifying a problem, designing an investigation, and supporting conclusions with evidence. The demand for the use of inquiry in the classroom is shown by the number of national and state standards that include inquiry as a requirement. Depending on the topic, inquiry in the classroom can range from structured to open. A classroom that engages in scientific inquiry creates an environment where students feel confident taking risks, collaborating, supporting conclusions with evidence and considering different positions. This article examines the foundations of scientific inquiry ...


Project-Based Learning As An Alternative To The Pedagogy Of Poverty In Low-Income Schools, Shannon N. Giesige 2017 University of Toledo

Project-Based Learning As An Alternative To The Pedagogy Of Poverty In Low-Income Schools, Shannon N. Giesige

Learning to Teach

The pedagogy of poverty is a phrase coined by Martin Haberman in 1991 to describe the didactic teacher-centered learning that takes place in most urban, low-income schools. This form of teaching is based on assumptions that teachers, administrators, and parents make about the students they are teaching and the students’ goals, aims and capabilities. This manuscript discusses why teachers turn to the pedagogy of poverty and how project-based learning offers a workable alternative in a low-income, urban environment. It examines how project-based learning can improve student self-efficacy and academic performance, as well as exploring what this method asks of teachers.


Making Scientific Inquiry Activities Accessible To Students With Autism, Alonna Ackerman 2017 University of Toledo

Making Scientific Inquiry Activities Accessible To Students With Autism, Alonna Ackerman

Learning to Teach

In light of the major trend within science education of focusing on inquiry-based activities, students with autism may face difficulties in the classroom due to barriers such as problems with communication, social situations, and desire for routine (Hedges et al., 2014). Though research regarding inquiry-based science education for students with autism is scarce, explicit instruction appears to be a promising option for elementary students (Knight et al., 2012). Additionally, Applied Behavior Analysis and Self-Regulated Strategy Development have proven useful in other content areas (Casey et al., 2014; Ryan et al., 2011; Szapacs, 2006). Extrapolating from this data, the author discusses ...


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