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Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Time To Cure Of Incontinence Present At Nursing Home Admission, Donna Z. Bliss, Olga Gurvich, Kay Savik, Lynn Eberly, Susan Harms, Jean F. Wyman 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Time To Cure Of Incontinence Present At Nursing Home Admission, Donna Z. Bliss, Olga Gurvich, Kay Savik, Lynn Eberly, Susan Harms, Jean F. Wyman

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Abstract

As many as half of older people that are admitted to nursing homes (NHs) are incontinent of urine and/or feces. Not much is known about the rate of cure of incontinence present at NH admission, but available reports suggest the rate is low. There have been racial and ethnic disparities in incontinence treatment, but the role of disparities in the cure of incontinence is understudied. Using the Peters-Belson method and multilevel predictors, our findings showed that there were disparities in the time to cure of incontinence for Hispanic NH admissions. A significantly smaller proportion of older Hispanic admissions ...


Managing Classroom Culture: Classroom Demographic Shift Affects Teacher Preparedness, Julie Panebianco 2014 Purdue University

Managing Classroom Culture: Classroom Demographic Shift Affects Teacher Preparedness, Julie Panebianco

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

No abstract provided.


Back To The Basics: Supplying Basic Necessities For Three Honduran Rural Schools, Laura Capps 2014 Purdue University

Back To The Basics: Supplying Basic Necessities For Three Honduran Rural Schools, Laura Capps

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

No abstract provided.


Navigating Chinese And English Multiliteracies Across Domains In Canada: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Children’S Literacy Practices, Xiaoxiao Du 2014 Western University

Navigating Chinese And English Multiliteracies Across Domains In Canada: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Children’S Literacy Practices, Xiaoxiao Du

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Increasing diversity in the globalized world challenges the field of education such as policy development and curriculum design (Suarez-Orozco & Suarez-Orozco, 2009). With more and more students speaking a home language other than English entering schools, numerous studies have examined their English language development with a focus on how they learn to read and write at home and school. However, less is known about culturally and linguistically diverse children’s literacy practices across domains. This study investigated Chinese children’s literacy practices and asked What are Chinese children’s literacy practices at school, home, and in the community? What(linguistic and sociocultural) resources do Chinese children draw upon in their literacy practices? In what ways (if any) do classroom teachers, parents, and communities support Chinese children’s literacy practices?

The study took the social and cultural perspectives toward literacy with a focus on multiltieracies (the New London Group, 1996). In order to examine children’s literacy practices across domains, I employed the case study approach using ethnographic tools such as participant observations and semi-structured interviews to collect data (O’Reilly, 2005; Yin, 2005). Participants included Chinese families and teachers. Data analysis involves data triangulation, constant comparison and critical reflection.

Findings of the study indicate that children’s literacy practices were directed to print literacy in adult-organized literacy events and children’s literacy practices were multimodal in children-initiated literacy events, children drew upon their social, cultural and linguistic backgrounds to explore literacies, and adults provided certain degrees of support based on their understanding and backgrounds.


A Comparison Of Teaching Methods In Taiwan For Young Learners Of English, Marilyn E. Hodgin 2014 Cedarville University

A Comparison Of Teaching Methods In Taiwan For Young Learners Of English, Marilyn E. Hodgin

Master of Education Theses

The purpose of this research is to investigate what instructional methods are effectively being used in Taiwanese primary school classrooms to increase the abilities of students’ speaking and listening of English. The data for this qualitative study was collected from three sources. One was from a short survey of eight local teachers in the sample population. Another was from individual interviews with each of those instructors. The third was personal observations from the English classrooms while teaching in Taiwan. Most of the teachers were from the public schools, but two were private English instructors. Three themes emerged from the coding ...


Encouraging Diversity And Multiculturalism In London, Ontario: A Case Study Of Two Elementary Schools, Abhilasha Duggal 2014 Western University

Encouraging Diversity And Multiculturalism In London, Ontario: A Case Study Of Two Elementary Schools, Abhilasha Duggal

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Elementary school students have diverse learning needs and their academic learning in particular varies between students especially so for students those from culturally non-dominant backgrounds. The focus of my research is on understanding the perceptions and practices of eleven teachers teaching in two schools within the London, Ontario school system, along with the perceptions of two principals and two vice principals in relation to the organizational learning opportunities provided for encouraging multicultural education. This study’s purpose was to explore what teaching strategies were used to support diverse students’ learning within the classroom setting. My data gathering sought to respond ...


Public Education And Teacher Understanding Of Dakota And Lakota Culture, Kiley Theede, Maggie Looft 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Public Education And Teacher Understanding Of Dakota And Lakota Culture, Kiley Theede, Maggie Looft

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This project was designed to collect and to share information in order to better prepare teachers of Native students. This study involved five in-depth, in-person interviews with Dakota and Lakota elders between 40 and 70 years old. Elders provided reflections on experiences of past generations, on their own educational experiences, on the preferred learning methods of Native students, and on their visions for teachers‟ practices and influences on Native children. Through grounded theory, data analysis was conducted to identify themes. Stories and comments from elders were organized around those themes. Future studies might include use of the videotaped interviews in ...


Change In Cultural Competency Among Students During An Intentional Human Relations, Camille McNabb, Samantha Tupy 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Change In Cultural Competency Among Students During An Intentional Human Relations, Camille Mcnabb, Samantha Tupy

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study measured changes in the intercultural competency of undergraduate students in a course, Human Relations in a Multicultural Society. The hypothesis for this study was that the intentional, cross-cultural experiences in the course will have an impact on the cultural competency of each student. This course is taught each semester at a Midwestern public university. The study included 70 undergraduate students between 18 and 35 years old who voluntarily enrolled in the course and represented students in academic majors such elementary education, sports management, social work, mass communications, journalism, and pre- professional studies (e.g., mortuary science, veterinary medicine ...


Second-Language English Fluency Change In Native-Speaker Context, John Zehnder 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Second-Language English Fluency Change In Native-Speaker Context, John Zehnder

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

This study examines the influence of social context on oral proficiency change among English language learners on the campus of an American university. Speech samples were taken from 2 rounds of interviews with 9 East Asian women. These were analyzed using the phonetic analysis program Praat in order to determine each speaker’s rate of stressed syllables at the beginning and end of the study. The change in these rates was used as a proxy for fluency change. This was then compared with each speaker’s social context. The results suggested that English language learners improve their fluency when they ...


Notes On Contributors, 2014 Fordham University

Notes On Contributors

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Hope In Immigrant Youth, Mayra Zarnowsky 2014 Fordham University

Hope In Immigrant Youth, Mayra Zarnowsky

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Finding Their Way In A New Land, Herlinda Cancino 2014 Fordham University

Finding Their Way In A New Land, Herlinda Cancino

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Immigrant Students In High Schools, Patricia Velasco 2014 Fordham University

Immigrant Students In High Schools, Patricia Velasco

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Teaching Language And Culture: The Importance Of Prior Knowledge When Reading Chinese As A Second Language, Yi-Fang Yeh 2014 Fordham University

Teaching Language And Culture: The Importance Of Prior Knowledge When Reading Chinese As A Second Language, Yi-Fang Yeh

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

In this article, the author explores the idea that reading proficiency in a second language involves comprehending the second culture and using it to interpret the world view of the second language. Using cognitive theory, the author examined the relevance of prior knowledge of Chinese language and idioms to understanding text written in Chinese. The nature of Chinese as a second language (CSL) students’ and Chinese as a foreign language students’(CFL) surface and deep knowledge of Chinese idioms as reflected in their responses to journal questions were examined. The author also looked at how the levels of students’ prior ...


Empowering Teachers To Promote Oral Language In Culturally Diverse Classrooms In Ireland, Áine Cregan 2014 Fordham University

Empowering Teachers To Promote Oral Language In Culturally Diverse Classrooms In Ireland, Áine Cregan

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

The importance of oral language development among elementary school students is widely acknowledged, both in the research and in policy documents worldwide. Facility with one particular style of language, decontextualized language, is critical for success in the school context. This style of language is not readily accessible to all students. This study reviews literature findings which indicate that teacher knowledge is imperative for successful teaching of English and reports on an intervention case study in three schools in Ireland in designated disadvantaged contexts. The case study examined the impact of enhanced teacher knowledge on the oral language skills of students ...


Understanding The Language Choices Of Novice Bilingual Teachers During Sheltered English Instruction, Nancy Dubetz 2014 Fordham University

Understanding The Language Choices Of Novice Bilingual Teachers During Sheltered English Instruction, Nancy Dubetz

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

The theories of practice of four novice bilingual teachers regarding their language choices during sheltered English instruction are presented. The investigation followed participants through their preservice program in an urban public university and their first year of teaching in bilingual classrooms. Findings from this study illustrate how theories of practice regarding the use of the native (Spanish) and second (English) languages during sheltered instruction vary among novices and how they change at different points in their individual journeys to becoming bilingual teachers. The novice bilingual teachers in this study used both languages during their sheltered English instruction in different ways ...


Integrating Content And Academic Language Using Balanced Literacy Structures: A Framework For Instruction Of Emergent Bilinguals, Patricia Velasco 2014 Fordham University

Integrating Content And Academic Language Using Balanced Literacy Structures: A Framework For Instruction Of Emergent Bilinguals, Patricia Velasco

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

Teachers working with emergent bilinguals1 face difficult dilemmas. Students who do not receive rigorous content instruction fail to acquire academic language. However, if students do not understand the content or cannot participate in content lessons, they cannot be expected to learn the academic information and the language associated with it. Confronting this challenge requires a sound knowledge of the multiple factors that play a role in developing academic language and its dependency on content area texts. Most importantly, this understanding has to be accompanied by instructional strategies that allow students to gain steady control over academic discourse. In this article ...


Editorial: Bilingual Educators As Professionals: The Need For Standards, Aida A. Nevárez-La Torre 2014 Fordham University

Editorial: Bilingual Educators As Professionals: The Need For Standards, Aida A. Nevárez-La Torre

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Front Matter, 2014 Fordham University

Front Matter

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


Notes On Contributors To This Issue, 2014 Fordham University

Notes On Contributors To This Issue

Journal of Multilingual Education Research

No abstract provided.


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