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Vocabulary Size, Background Characteristics, And Reading Skill Of Korean Intensive English Students, Nolan Weil 2017 Utah State University

Vocabulary Size, Background Characteristics, And Reading Skill Of Korean Intensive English Students, Nolan Weil

Nolan Weil

This study examines the relationship between breadth of vocabulary, background experiences in learning English and student skill in the reading of an academic text. The author used the Swansea Levels Tests to estimate vocabulary sizes and collected information on background characteristics via questionnaire from eleven Korean students enrolled in an Intensive English program and five Korean undergraduate students at Utah State University. Eight of the Intensive English students were subsequently trained in a think-aloud procedure and then completed a research task in which they read a 960-word essay. The task required the students to think aloud as they attempted to ...


International Perspectives On Student Behavior: What We Can Learn, Charles J. Russo, Izak Oosthuizen, Charl C. Wolhuter 2017 University of Dayton

International Perspectives On Student Behavior: What We Can Learn, Charles J. Russo, Izak Oosthuizen, Charl C. Wolhuter

Charles J. Russo

The second volume of companion books on comparative student discipline identifies the best practices in dealing with student misconduct, on six continents, in a legally sound manner. It is essential for educators to examine national as well as international practices addressing student misconduct in schools because learner misbehavior often has a detrimental effect on the quality of teaching and learning in elementary and secondary schools. The countries covered are Brazil, China, Malaysia, Turkey and South Africa.


Twenty Years Of Technology Integration And Foreign Language Teaching: A Phenomenological Reflective Interview Study, Nilsa Becho Sullivan, Kakali Bhattacharya 2017 Texas A & M University, Corpus Christi

Twenty Years Of Technology Integration And Foreign Language Teaching: A Phenomenological Reflective Interview Study, Nilsa Becho Sullivan, Kakali Bhattacharya

The Qualitative Report

The evolution of the use of technology in the foreign language classroom has proven to be a challenge. In this paper, we highlight a study whose purpose is to understand how one retired foreign language educator reflected on the ways in which she integrated different modes of technology in her classroom. In this interview study, the participant discussed how technology has evolved in the span of her twenty-year career as a foreign language educator and how she integrated various technologies as they evolved in her classroom. The researchers employed a modified van Kaam method as defined by Moustakas (1994) to ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Graduate Chinese Students’ English Writing Challenges, Papia Bawa, Sunnie Lee Watson 2017 Purdue University

A Phenomenological Study Of Graduate Chinese Students’ English Writing Challenges, Papia Bawa, Sunnie Lee Watson

The Qualitative Report

More students from China are looking to the United States for learning opportunities. However, such students have serious English writing deficiencies. This is due to significant differences between the two languages. This phenomenological study of five Chinese, graduate level students in the United States, informs us of these issues and provides a basis upon which we can explore viable instructional strategies to deal with such issues. The key findings suggest that the participants feel marginalized due to English language deficiencies, which is complicated by a deficiently structured English language instructional system. Based on these findings, several themes are presented that ...


Academic Achievement And Course Taking Among Language Minority Youth In U.S. Schools: Effects Of Esl Placement, Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Chandra Muller 2017 University of Texas at Austin

Academic Achievement And Course Taking Among Language Minority Youth In U.S. Schools: Effects Of Esl Placement, Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Chandra Muller

Lindsey Wilkinson

The 1974 Lau decision requires that U.S. public schools ensure a meaningful education for students learning English. English as a Second Language (ESL) placement is an institutional response to the linguistic needs of these students; however, its academic implications remain largely unexplored. Using nationally representative data from the Educational Longitudinal Study (ELS), the effects of ESL placement on college preparatory course enrollment and academic achievement of language minority students are estimated, first with fixed effects regression models and then with multi-level propensity score matching techniques. While numerous school and individual level factors beyond language proficiency predict ESL placement, a ...


Esl Placement And Schools: Effect On Immigrant Achievement, Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Chandra Muller, Michelle Frisco 2017 University of Georgia

Esl Placement And Schools: Effect On Immigrant Achievement, Rebecca Callahan, Lindsey Wilkinson, Chandra Muller, Michelle Frisco

Lindsey Wilkinson

In this study, the authors explore English as a Second Language (ESL) placement as a measure of how schools label and process immigrant students. Using propensity score matching and data from the Adolescent Health and Academic Achievement Study and the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, the authors estimate the effect of ESL placement on immigrant achievement. In schools with more immigrant students, the authors find that ESL placement results in higher levels of academic performance; in schools with few immigrant students, the effect reverses. This is not to suggest a one-size-fits-all policy; many immigrant students, regardless of school composition ...


Developing Democratic Participation Through Civil Liberties Education In Social Studies Classrooms, Geoffrey L. Earnhart 2017 University of Toledo

Developing Democratic Participation Through Civil Liberties Education In Social Studies Classrooms, Geoffrey L. Earnhart

Learning to Teach

Social studies educators must prepare students for the challenges of a changing world by providing them content knowledge and developing attitudes conducive to participatory citizenship. Most future government policies will have civil liberties implications, thus studying these issues provides a firm foundation for future decision making. Teachers should approach this content using student-centered methods in an open classroom climate in order to build students’ political efficacy that they will need for the future. These techniques equip students to be informed decision makers and encourages them to participatory citizens in later life.


Don’T Skirt The Subject: Using Canonical Texts As Opportunities For Race Discussion, Emily Gardner 2017 University of Toledo

Don’T Skirt The Subject: Using Canonical Texts As Opportunities For Race Discussion, Emily Gardner

Learning to Teach

While administrators, parents, and scholars across the nation ceaselessly debate the issue of whether or not racially challenging texts, such as Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, To Kill a Mockingbird, and Heart of Darkness, should be included in English language arts curriculum, many English teachers are left to teach these controversial texts with often insufficient training in how to utilize them in their classrooms. It is the responsibility of teachers to help students become empathetic citizens by developing the skills necessary to navigate through a racially diverse world. Therefore, teachers ought to use texts containing racism as opportunities to open a ...


Hbcus: Accreditation, Governance And Survival Challenges In An Ever-Increasing Competition For Funding And Students, Jerry Crawford II 2017 University of Kansas Main Campus

Hbcus: Accreditation, Governance And Survival Challenges In An Ever-Increasing Competition For Funding And Students, Jerry Crawford Ii

Journal of Research Initiatives

Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) are facing challenges to their continued existence on several fronts. One is fiscally, as federal funding for education has been cut and the responsibility for paying for higher education has been levied on students and parents. Another challenge is the amount of endowment dollars available to them and lastly, there are questions today as to if HBCUs are still needed in a society that has allowed African-Americans to enroll in Predominantly White Institutions (PWIs). Both of these challenges are contingent on the most critical issue – accreditation. The loss of accreditation of units and entire ...


The Looking Glass Effect: A Phenomenological Study Of Graduate Asian Students’ English Writing Challenges, Papia Bawa, Sunnie L. Watson 2017 Purdue University

The Looking Glass Effect: A Phenomenological Study Of Graduate Asian Students’ English Writing Challenges, Papia Bawa, Sunnie L. Watson

Journal of Research Initiatives

Increasingly more students from China are looking to the USA for learning opportunities. Despite being beneficial for both stakeholders, this phenomenon has some deep-rooted issues pertaining to cross cultural language acquisition barriers that may be preventing such learners from reaching their full potential in academic accomplishments. This phenomenological study of five Chinese students in the USA, engaged in the process of English language communication, is a step towards understanding this phenomenon. The study’s findings led to the development of a new metaphorical paradigm (Looking Glass Effect Paradigm) to explain the key issues faced by such learners, a new pedagogical ...


Aboriginal Language And School Outcomes: Investigating The Associations For Young Adults, Anne Guevremont, Dafna Kohen 2017 Statistics Canada

Aboriginal Language And School Outcomes: Investigating The Associations For Young Adults, Anne Guevremont, Dafna Kohen

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Being taught an Aboriginal language at school has generally been associated with positive school outcomes for Aboriginal children but not adults. This study attempted to understand this discordance by examining three possible explanations: (a) confounding variables, (b) a cohort effect, and (c) differences in the timing and duration of Aboriginal language instruction. Confounding variables (school attendance on reserve, parental education, and family residential school attendance) and duration of Aboriginal language instruction (six of more grades) were important contributors; whereas the presence of a cohort effect and the timing of Aboriginal language instruction were not found to be significant. Future studies ...


Factors That Influence The Retention Of Urban, Hispanic High School Male Graduates: A Phenomenological Study, Robin Elliott-Ghalleb 2017 Liberty University

Factors That Influence The Retention Of Urban, Hispanic High School Male Graduates: A Phenomenological Study, Robin Elliott-Ghalleb

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this transcendental phenomenological study was to investigate the factors that contribute to the retention of urban, Hispanic high school male graduates in East Harlem, New York. Originated through the works by W. E. B. Du Bois (1968), Gloria Ladson-Billings (1998) and Derrick Bell (1992) pioneered Critical Race Theory (CRT), which reported that the United States Education system has historically failed to adequately provide access to all students. Hispanics continue to have the lowest rates of high school and college degree attainment. This study’s purpose was to address the phenomenon of low retention rates of urban, Hispanic ...


Differentiating Language Difference And Language Disorder: Information For Teachers Working With English Language Learners In The Schools, Raul F. Prezas PhD, CCC-SLP, Ahyea A. Jo PhD 2017 Jacksonville University

Differentiating Language Difference And Language Disorder: Information For Teachers Working With English Language Learners In The Schools, Raul F. Prezas Phd, Ccc-Slp, Ahyea A. Jo Phd

Journal of Human Services: Training, Research, and Practice

In an era of growing numbers of linguistically and culturally diverse students in the U.S. schools, classroom teachers are in the position of taking the initial role in identifying and assessing bilingual students' language proficiency and development. Oftentimes, teachers and other school personnel face challenges related to adequately meeting the language needs of children who are English Language Learners (ELLs). In many cases, children are often over- or under-identified for language-related support services and assessments. School teachers may benefit from this overview of tips and suggestions related to making important decisions related to the language needs of bilingual children ...


Beyond Personal Transformation: Engaging Students As Agents For Social Change., James A. Gambrell 2017 Portland State University

Beyond Personal Transformation: Engaging Students As Agents For Social Change., James A. Gambrell

Journal of Multicultural Affairs

Although Transformative Learning Theory (TLT) has been around for more than 40 years, few studies empirically engage critical theoretical frameworks to move beyond personal learning to identify the impacts of transformation on society. The purpose of this article is to discuss academic literature that expands TLT in the direction of societal transformation rather than merely personal change. Moreover, this article appeals for empirical studies that inform TLT through various socially constructed variables of race, class, (trans)gender, (a)sexuality, (dis)ability, and culture. The author titles this post-modern, intersectional approach critical social transformative learning theory.


Supporting English Learners In Your Online Courses, Cristina Cottom 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Worldwide

Supporting English Learners In Your Online Courses, Cristina Cottom

Publications

Research shows that approximately a quarter of post-secondary students are enrolled in online courses (Smith, 2016). As online education continues to grow, so does the need for differentiated instruction in the online environment. Differentiating content, product, and/or processes can enable teachers to meet the language needs of English Learners (ELs) in their online course. ELs can vary from international study students to immigrant refugees students. In addition, the educational backgrounds and English proficiency can differ. Due to this variation of English skills, ELs often have increased needs in an online course because they are navigating two languages as well ...


Using Acei's Global Guidelines Assessment For Improving Early Education, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Belinda J. Hardin, Sue C. Wortham 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Using Acei's Global Guidelines Assessment For Improving Early Education, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Belinda J. Hardin, Sue C. Wortham

Elizabeth Sandell

The Global Guidelines for Early Childhood Education and Care in the 21st Century were developed as a collaborative project between the U. S. National Committee of the World Organization for Early Childhood (OMEP) and of the Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI). The project’s intent was to provide guidance concerning the fundamental elements that are necessary to create high quality environments for early care and education. This paper presents the history of the development of a related instrument, called the ACEI Global Guidelines Assessment (GGA). The GGA was developed to help early childhood educators assess and improve program quality ...


Where Cultural Competency Begins: Changes In Undergraduate Students' Intercultural Competency, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Samantha J. Tupy 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Where Cultural Competency Begins: Changes In Undergraduate Students' Intercultural Competency, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Samantha J. Tupy

Elizabeth Sandell

Teacher preparation programs and accreditation organizations have acknowledged need for educators to demonstrate intercultural knowledge, skills, and abilities. Teacher educators are responding to emphasis in higher education to assure that graduates achieve intercultural competence (NCATE, 2008). This study compared the cultural competency of university students before and after participation in domestic intensive and intentional cross-cultural undergraduate courses. Data analysis showed that undergraduate students began their classes at the same levels of intercultural competence, with ethnocentric views that minimize cultural differences between themselves and others. Students usually began with over-estimating their intercultural competence. However, their actual developmental orientation toward cultural differences ...


Fostering Global-Mindedness In Teacher Preparation, Gail D. Zahn, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Caryn E. Lindsey 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Fostering Global-Mindedness In Teacher Preparation, Gail D. Zahn, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Caryn E. Lindsey

Elizabeth J. Sandell, Ph. D.

Teacher education programs require attention to the rapid changes in the world, in part because populations are becoming increasingly diverse. These rapidly changing classroom environments have prompted a need to train teachers who can communicate with and teach students from increasingly diverse backgrounds. In addition, they must have an understanding of cultural family values and practices which influence individual students among the various ethnic populations they teach. This paper will describe steps taken by one College of Education to create international partnerships and learning experiences in an effort to enhance their teacher training programs and develop an environment of global-mindedness.


Comparison Of Intercultural Competency Between Russian And American University Students = Сравнение Межкультурной Компетенции Студентов Российских И Американских Университетов, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Olga Victorovna Klypa, Elizabeth A. Lohrenz, Oleg Voskresensky 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Comparison Of Intercultural Competency Between Russian And American University Students = Сравнение Межкультурной Компетенции Студентов Российских И Американских Университетов, Elizabeth J. Sandell, Olga Victorovna Klypa, Elizabeth A. Lohrenz, Oleg Voskresensky

Elizabeth Sandell

Intercultural competency influences the quality of international relations as cultural and global perceptions impact individual and collective attitudes and levels of participation. Research addressing differences and causes of varying levels of intercultural competency could ultimately provide insight, understanding, and progress towards enhancing global awareness. The purpose of this study was to compare American undergraduate university students' intercultural competency to that of Russian undergraduate university students. This study was theoretically based on the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), developed by Bennett (1986). The DMIS described six stages of intercultural competency: (a) Denial or Unaware; (b) Polarization or Defense; (c) Minimization ...


The Anala Collaborative: Umass Boston’S Asian American, Native American, Latin@ And African Diaspora Institutes, Barbara Lewis, Carolyn Wong, Cedric Woods, Elena Stone 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

The Anala Collaborative: Umass Boston’S Asian American, Native American, Latin@ And African Diaspora Institutes, Barbara Lewis, Carolyn Wong, Cedric Woods, Elena Stone

Barbara Lewis

The ANALA Collaborative is the newly-formed umbrella for the four UMass Boston racial and ethnic institutes. This year, with help from a team from the College of Management’s Emerging Leaders Program, we have come together to form ANALA in recognition of the area’s increasing racial and ethnic diversity and the need for majority-minority communities to work together toward common goals. While each of the four institutes will retain its separate identity and programs, we will also place greater emphasis on collaborative efforts in the service of our common mission and vision.


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