Educational Fiscal Policy And Its Effects On How Our Children Learn: Comparing Minnesota And Illinois, 2017 Minnesota State University, Mankato
Educational Fiscal Policy And Its Effects On How Our Children Learn: Comparing Minnesota And Illinois, Sally Anne Stenzel
The study compares Illinois’ and Minnesota’s education fiscal policies. Illinois funds it’s education system mainly from the local level, whereas Minnesota funds it’s mainly from the state level. Thus, in Illinois, if there are discrepancies between household incomes in wealthier and poorer areas, the schools in wealthier areas would receive more money than those in poorer areas. Test scores are then compared. Illinois typically has lower scores than Minnesota. The conclusion is that Illinois’ policies are hindering their students’ learning, compared to Minnesota students, with some mixed results.
Diversity: Is It Worth It?, 2017 Claremont McKenna College
Diversity: Is It Worth It?, Christopher Jackson
CMC Senior Theses
This paper takes a dive into understanding if funding extra diversity initiatives at Claremont McKenna College currently spurred on by students are worth the cost to the institution. Resources like that of Claremont McKenna’s C.A.R.E. Center (Civility, Access, Resources, and Expression) and funding for representative student organizations place large pressures on the institution’s available budget and there is not much proof that they will pay off in the long-run. In this paper, financial costs for supporting diverse students on campus are aggregated and compared to the possible financial benefits that may come of their consequential ...
The Immigrants In The Central Coast Of California Need Motivation To Attend Classes And Learn English As Their Second Language, 2016 University of San Francisco
The Immigrants In The Central Coast Of California Need Motivation To Attend Classes And Learn English As Their Second Language, Martin Rodriguez-Juarez
This field project shows that the immigrant community that works in the fields from the Central Coast of California need the motivation to attend adult school to learn English as their second language. A six-week courses is included.
Community College Alumni Engagement: Exploring The Relationship Of Social Media To Alumni Giving, 2016 Liberty University
Community College Alumni Engagement: Exploring The Relationship Of Social Media To Alumni Giving, Amy Hall
Doctoral Dissertations and Projects
Community colleges have begun to rely more heavily on private funding sources like alumni donations to support their overall fiscal health. This correlational study tested the theory of planned behavior as it relates to level of engagement through social media for community college alumni and alumni giving behavior for Virginia’s community colleges. More specifically, it attempted to determine whether a relationship exists between alumni use of their alma mater’s Facebook page and engagement behaviors. Survey data were gathered from participating colleges and from a randomly drawn sample of alumni of Virginia’s 23 community colleges (N=4,100 ...
High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, 2016 The Bank of Korea
High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem
The proportion of U.S. high school students working during the school year ranges from 23% in the freshman year to 75% in the senior year. This study estimates how cumulative work histories during the high school years affect probability of dropout, high school academic performance, and the probability of attending college. Variation in individual date of birth and in state truancy laws along with the strength of local demand for low-skill labor are used as instruments for endogenous work hours during the high school career. Working more hours during the academic year does not affect high school academic performance ...
The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, 2016 Iowa State University
The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos
Few empirical relationships have been investigated more frequently than that between years of schooling and earnings. Hundreds of studies using a wide variety of datasets from developed countries, spanning many decades, and employing alternative specifications to correct for various potential sources of bias, have consistently found positive private returns per year of schooling.• Returns arc frequent ly equal to or above long-run average market returns to other investments.
Lack Of Education, 2016 Iowa State University
Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem
This chapter reviews the stylized facts regarding the distribution of human capital investments and the returns to those investments in developing countries. It then examines recent evidence regarding which policies can induce increased human capital investments in the most efficient manner, using estimated benefits and costs as a guide. Supplyside strategies such as increasing school access or improving school quality are more costly, have less certain benefits, and have a weak record of success. Demand-side interventions such as school sited health programs, vouchers, and conditional transfers have a greater likelihood of improving literacy in the most cost-effective manner.
Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, 2016 Iowa State University
Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem
The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...
Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, 2016 Korea Institute for Vocational Education and Training
Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem
This study evaluates a program designed to stimulate girls' schooling through the creation of private girls' schools in poor urban neighborhoods of Quetta, Pakistan. Enrollment growth in these randomly selected neighborhoods is compared to enrollment growth in otherwise similar neighborhoods that were randomly assigned to a control group. The analysis indicates that the program increased girls' enrollment around 33 percentage points. Boys' enrollment rose as well, partly because boys were allowed to attend the new schools and partly because parents would not send their girls to school without also educating their boys. This outcome suggests that programs targeted at girls ...
Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth
In decentralized education systems programs that promote central mandates may have to be devolved to local governments, communities, and providers. When participation by local governments and providers is voluntary rather than compulsory, the determinants of program placement are important in predicting potential benefits to individuals. This article analyzes incentives for municipalities and private schools to participate in Colombia's voucher program. It finds that the demand for secondary education relative to the capacity of public schools and the availability of spaces in private schools in the municipality were key predictors of municipal participation, whereas the number of underserved students had ...
School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno
Variation in school attributes, proximity, and fees across neighborhoods is used to identify factors that affect whether poor households send their children to government school, private school, or no school. Analysis shows that even the poorest households use private schools extensively, and that utilization increases with income. Lowering private school fees or distance or raising measured quality raises private school enrollments, partly by transfers from government schools and partly from enrollments of children who otherwise would not have gone to school. The strong demand for private schools is consistent with evidence of greater mathematics and language achievement in private schools ...
Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, 2016 EKE ARIKO Consulting Ltd
Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec
This study monitors the effects of economic transition on wages and employment in a former Soviet Republic. Estonia's case is of particular interest because of its early adoption of relatively free labour market policies. Relative wages for the highest educated groups rose for all age groups. There were also rapid increases in returns to job experience, particularly at young ages. Increasing wage dispersion across human capital groups was accompanied by narrowing wage dispersion within human capital groups. Relative wages rose in sectors which gained relative employment, while they fell in shrinking sectors. In addition, there were large flows of ...
Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, 2016 Iowa State University
Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, Peter F. Orazem
The lower level of school quality available for blacks relative to whites in the segregated era is frequently cited as a primary cause for the currently observed gap in black-white average wages. The inferior education pro vided to black children is argued to have caused lower levels of human capital produc tion in black schools than white schools. The gap in black-white wages can be traced to this gap in human capital. Similarly, the convergence in black-and-white average wages during the 1960's and 1970's may be explained by the steady convergence in black-and-white school quality and atten dance ...
Open Education At Unh, 2016 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus
Open Education At Unh, Daniel Carchidi, Eleta Exline, Catherine Overson
Open Access Week
Last year UNH faculty helped save students nearly $150,000 by assigning Open Educational Resources in place of expensive textbooks. Find out more about this exciting project!
Evaluating The Impact Of State Funding Vehicles Of Appropriations And Financial Aid On Graduation Rates At Public Institutions: A Multilevel Analysis, Tara Abbott
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
Guided by a theoretical framework derived from principal-agent models, persistence theories or college impact models, and microeconomic theory, the present study utilized multilevel modeling techniques to assess the correlation between state higher education funding vehicles of appropriations, need-based financial aid, and merit-based financial aid and graduation rates after controlling for known covariates at the institution and state levels. The present study also evaluated the correlation between funding vehicles and minority student graduation rates as well as determined if funding vehicles impact institutions with greater percentages of minority students differently than those with a less diverse student population. The present study ...
Membuat Kuesioner, 2016 university pgri adi buana
Membuat Kuesioner, Priyono Priyono
priyono iyon priyono management
Salah satu instrumen pengumpul data dalam penelitian adalah kuesioner, atau disebut juga daftar pertanyaan (terstruktur). Kuesioner ini biasanya berkaitan erat dengan masalah penelitian, atau juga hipotesis penelitian yang dirumuskan. Disebut juga dengan istilah pedoman wawancara (interview schedule), namun kita akan menggunakan istilah generiknya yaitu kuesioner
The Influence Of Motivation And Discipline Work Against Employee Work Productivity Tona'an Markets, 2016 university pgri adi buana
The Influence Of Motivation And Discipline Work Against Employee Work Productivity Tona'an Markets, Priyono Priyono, Zaenal Zaenal
priyono iyon priyono management
Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine and examine whether there is influence of motivation, and discipline kerjai on employee productivity in office environments Bangkalan tona'an market? The method used in this research is quantitative research approach with linear regression analysis techniques. multiple. The population in this study were all employees of the office market tona'an Bangkalan of 20 people, while samples in this study were all employees of the market tona'an some 20 people. Results from this study is, the hypothesis that motivational effect on work productivity in office environments market Tona'an Bangkalan ...
An Analysis Of The Connection Between Workforce Development And Higher Education Within State Policy And The Sharing Of Best Practices, Arthur C. Evans Iii
South Florida Education Research Conference
Workforce development policy is a major cornerstone for many governments. The success can be linked to educational programs that support the training of the workforce. Sharing of best practices among higher education institutions supporting workforce development can help newer institutions and support regional workforce development goals.
Rethinking Apprenticeship Training For The Construction Industry In Ireland, 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology
Rethinking Apprenticeship Training For The Construction Industry In Ireland, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy
The construction industry is of strategic importance to any economy, as it delivers the building and infrastructural needs of society; it is also a major provider of employment. The over-reliance on construction was a contributing factor to the collapse of the Irish economy and employment in construction fell to under 50% of its 2007 peak as a consequence. The decline devastated apprentice training with a reduction in excess of 90% of new registrations of construction apprentices at the lowest point. The implication of this to the industry is disquieting, given the crucial role apprenticeships play in the sector. The Irish ...
The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement In New Jersey, 2016 University of Pennsylvania
The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement In New Jersey, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Francine Stephens, Julie Kubelka, Patrick Mcguinn, Hannah Ingersoll
CPRE Working Papers
The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement in New Jersey analyzes the scope, factors, and context of the opt-out movement that occurred in New Jersey in the spring of 2015. Using test participation data released in February 2016 by the New Jersey Department of Education, we found that approximately 135,000 students did not take the state assessment in the spring of 2015. Depending on how it was calculated, this represented between 11-19% of the population of students eligible for testing in grades 3 to 11 in the state. There was also a positive correlation between higher district opt-out rates ...