The Importance Of Leadership Activities In Addressing The Shortage Of African American Men Completing Doctoral Degrees, 2020 National Louis University
The Importance Of Leadership Activities In Addressing The Shortage Of African American Men Completing Doctoral Degrees, Lerita Watkins
The focus in this qualitative phenomenological study was to examine the experiences of African American men who obtained a doctoral degree and the role of leadership in their success. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 African American men from across the United States. The research develops an understanding of patterns of leadership within institutions of higher education from an African American male perspective. Elements of the critical race theory served as the basis for the conceptual framework. The significant statements made by the 10 African American men reflected their distinct perceptions of the role leadership plays in African ...
The Primary Dilemma: Determining And Overcoming Barriers To A Focus On Prekindergarten Through Grade 3, 2020 National Louis University
The Primary Dilemma: Determining And Overcoming Barriers To A Focus On Prekindergarten Through Grade 3, Sarah Turner Lukas, Sarah Turner Lukas
In 2017, reporters of national data in regard to reading ability among American, fourth grade students indicated low proficiency and achievement gaps. These results were also consistent within the state and district under study. There is a need to increase the focus on prekindergarten and primary grade education taking place prior to the grades in which federally mandated, accountability assessments for student learning take place. The purpose of this study is to determine the potential barriers to a paradigm shift at the state and district levels from a focus on state-assessed grade levels to prekindergarten and primary grade levels. The ...
Negating Amy Gutmann: Deliberative Democracy, Business Influence, And Segmentation Strategies In Education, 2020 NYC Department of Education
Negating Amy Gutmann: Deliberative Democracy, Business Influence, And Segmentation Strategies In Education, Brian Ford
Democracy and Education
The task of creating a public will is daunting in any political system, but a democracy dedicated to the principles of participation and public deliberation faces specific challenges, including overcoming organized opposition that may not accept democratic tenets. In the sphere of education (and social reproduction more generally), business-influenced movements to reform public education question many of the established goals and norms of democratic education and thus may be the vanguard of such opposition. In order to interpret and explore these movements, this article enlists Amy Gutmann's work as a heuristic device. In so doing, it looks at the ...
Is Tuition Free College The Golden Ticket? A Time Series Analysis Of Germany’S Higher Education Policy, 1990-2017, Hannah Wolfram
Business and Economics Honors Papers
Countries which have been able to offer free tertiary education are being applauded while the United States tries to find a way to rectify its high tertiary education costs. Germany has accomplished a system of subsidized higher education since the 1950s, making it seem highly successful. In order to investigate the potential benefits of subsidized higher education, this study uses a time series regression analysis to investigate the relationship between tertiary unemployment rate and public spending as a share of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Germany over the period 1990-2017. The regression analysis corrected for multi-collinearity and serial correlation ...
Addressing Urban Income Inequality Through Education: A Case Study In Atlanta, 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Addressing Urban Income Inequality Through Education: A Case Study In Atlanta, Garrett Bronn
Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses
For decades, the income inequality gap between the rich and poor has continued to expand dramatically, with criticism of existing education systems often at the heart of the issue. Large urban cities are commonly at the forefront of the issue, given the plethora of teacher strikes in recent years. Events such as the 11-day Chicago teacher’s strike in October of 2019 that idled academics and college prep for 350,000 students, have highlighted many current education issues (Hauck, 2019). With underfunded and poorly equipped middle and high schools, students in poor and minority neighborhoods in cities are less prepared ...
Building Faculty Community Via Oer, 2020 Texas Woman's University
Building Faculty Community Via Oer, Jorg Waltje, Amanda Zerangue
Academic Chairpersons Conference Proceedings
This presentation will delineate ways for chairs and college administrators to encourage faculty to explore better and less costly ways to deliver instructional content to their students. It will highlight how to reward and recognize these efforts, while at the same time creating excellent opportunities for faculty collaborations and community building.
A Transformative Opportunity For New York State, 2020 Bank Street College of Education
A Transformative Opportunity For New York State, Bank Street College Of Education
Prepared to Teach
Funded, yearlong teacher residencies save money and improve schools. To fund every new teacher in New York at a rate of $20,000, the total cost would be $440,000. Within 5-7 years, teacher turnover would reduce by two-thirds. Resource reallocation plus cost savings from retention would pay for most or all of the state's future needed teacher pool.
Making Teacher Preparation Policy Work, 2020 Bank Street College of Education
Making Teacher Preparation Policy Work, Bank Street College Of Education
Prepared to Teach
Making Teacher Preparation Policy Work is the fifth public report from Prepared To Teach. This policy-focused report shares lessons from New York's clinically-rich preparation pilot including principles for policy to support funded teacher residencies in New York and beyond.
Time To Play: The Relationship Between Time Spent Playing And Educational Outcomes In Peru, 2020 Macalester College
Time To Play: The Relationship Between Time Spent Playing And Educational Outcomes In Peru, Jasmine Davidson
Economics Honors Projects
Every day, children around the world are playing. There has been plenty of research on the importance of different kinds of play, but very little on the importance of the quantity of play. Understanding the relationship between educational outcomes and the amount of time spent playing would allow parents to better structure their children’s time and would settle the debate between psychologists and economists on whether play has inherent value for a child’s future outcomes. I focus on Peru because conducting this research in a developing country context broadens the current research mostly focused on high-income countries. Using ...
The Value Of Food: A Small Rural School Cafeteria Budget Case Study, 2020 University of New England
The Value Of Food: A Small Rural School Cafeteria Budget Case Study, Rosie Rochelle Slentz
All Theses And Dissertations
This mixed-methods case study was used to examine a small school district in a rural setting that operates a child nutrition program without encroaching on the general fund, while still serving organic, made-from-scratch meals. Current research confirms that school districts are challenged to balance the requirements of the National School Lunch Program while maintaining quality. School lunch programs, particularly small rural ones, are operating at a deficit. This researcher addressed an important gap by providing a comprehensive account of a fiscally sound cafeteria budget in a rural area for a small school, serving 150 lunches per day. In this study ...
Parent/Guardian Experience: How Schools Can Improve The Parent Experience And How That Leads To Positive Outcomes., 2020 Wess Walters & Associates
Parent/Guardian Experience: How Schools Can Improve The Parent Experience And How That Leads To Positive Outcomes., Wesley H. Walters
National Youth-At-Risk Conference Savannah
Parent/Guardian eXperience: How creating an awesome Parent/guardian experience can lead to increased parent participation, and how parent participation leads to success of the student & the overall success of the school. The goal of this presentation is to engage parents in their child’s school experience by building a genuine connection with the school and a positive parent experience.
Task Force On Textbook Affordability Final Report, 2020 William & Mary
Task Force On Textbook Affordability Final Report, Marian Taliaferro, Paul D. Heideman, Asia Randolph
W&M Libraries Publications
Costs of textbooks and course materials for undergraduates are estimated nationally at up to $1200 per student per year. With that estimate, the aggregate costs for William & Mary’s 6250 undergraduates may approach $7.5 million per year; graduate students may add $1-2 million to that total. Course books and materials increase costs of college attendance, and for some students are barriers to success. The Textbook Affordability Taskforce (TATF) composed of W&M faculty, staff, and students was formed in August 2019. The TATF was charged with examining the issue of textbook affordability and with developing and delivering near-term and long-term recommendations for making textbooks more affordable for W&M students ...
Rethinking Constitutionality In Education Rights Cases, 2020 West Virginia University
Rethinking Constitutionality In Education Rights Cases, Joshua E. Weishart
Arkansas Law Review
Education rights cases often devolve into a farce of constitutional brinkmanship played by a miserable cast of reluctant courts and recalcitrant legislatures. Between successive rounds of litigation and tepid legislative fixes, come threats of impeaching judges, closing schools, stripping courts of jurisdiction, and holding legislators in contempt. Despite all the bluster, judges and legislators both anxiously await the curtain call, when they can bow out and terminate the matter. In the end, what passes for constitutionality in the successful cases is a school funding scheme judged “reasonably likely” or “reasonably calculated” to achieve an adequate or equitable education—as opposed ...
Lifelong Effects Of Poverty, 2020 Fairbury Public Schools
Lifelong Effects Of Poverty, Jill Mccaslin-Timmons, Marilyn Grady
Contemporary Issues in Educational Leadership
Poverty in the United States affects children in public schools. In reviewing the poverty literature, the following themes emerged the struggle to define poverty in the United States, characteristics of families in poverty, the impact of poverty on school performance, and the lifelong effects of poverty on children.
A personal story of a public school administrator who grew up in poverty is part of the report. The impact of the experiences of poverty continue to affect the way the individual thinks about poverty and interacts with families who experience poverty.
State Exit Exams And Graduation Rates: A Hierarchical Slx Modelling Approach, 2020 West Virginia University
State Exit Exams And Graduation Rates: A Hierarchical Slx Modelling Approach, Joshua Hall, Donald Lacombe, Shree B. Pokharel
Economics Faculty Working Papers Series
The literature on high school exit exams has found both positive and negative effects of these high stake exams on high school graduation rates. To this point the literature has not taken into account the embedded nature of school districts within state education systems. We employ a Bayesian Hierarchical SLX model to account for the hierachical nature of education data in the United States. Our approach also allows us to account for spatial spillovers that influence graduation rates across districts and states. Using school district and state-level data for 45 states and 8194 school districts in the United States in ...
How Does An Increase In The Minimum Wage Affect High School Enrollment?, 2020 Macalester College
How Does An Increase In The Minimum Wage Affect High School Enrollment?, Esther Swehla
Economics Honors Projects
In this paper, I explore how the probability of a student being in different combinations of enrolled/not enrolled and employed/unemployed/not in the labor force is affected by an increase in the minimum wage. I use binomial logistic regression, and experiment with both state and county level of observation and fixed effects. I also use year fixed effects. I find that when either the nominal or real minimum wage increases, the probability of a student being employed and enrolled increases, while the probability of being in any of the other groups decreases. However, these changes are not substantial ...
Parents Or Teachers: Who Play A More Important Role In Influencing Children’S Academic Gains In Early Childhood Education?, Praew Grittayaphong
Senior Capstone Projects
Finding ways to increase the effectiveness of early childhood education has been a big concern for many educators and policymakers. In an attempt to solve this problem, they are faced with a dilemma of whether to concentrate on parent or teacher inputs. Previous research has studied the impact of either teacher or parent factors on students’ academic performance. However, not many papers narrow their focus to the outcomes from early childhood programs. Using the National Center for Early Development and Learning (NCEDL) Multistate Study of Pre-Kindergarten (2001-2003) data, the paper aims to fill in this gap in the literature. Multiple ...
Using Innovative E-Book Based On Picture Stories For Economic Literacy Teenagers: A Study On Junior High Schools Student In Malang Indonesia, 2019 *Malangkucecwara College of Economics*
Using Innovative E-Book Based On Picture Stories For Economic Literacy Teenagers: A Study On Junior High Schools Student In Malang Indonesia, Nunung Utami
Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)
This study analyzes using a book that has been developed by the author in a previous study: An innovative book based on a picture story to improve understanding of economic literacy for teenagers. The data was taken using a questionnaire of 180 junior high school students through 20 standard questions of understanding economic literacy developed by NCEE. The data using before and after the application of innovative literacy economic for teenagers based on e-book pictures stories.
The results of the analysis obtained differences (decreases) incorrect answer of respondents from the value of Pre Test and Post Test, the value ...
How Teachers Perceive Students’ Socioeconomic Background And Academic Performance In Charter Schools, 2019 Concordia University - Portland
How Teachers Perceive Students’ Socioeconomic Background And Academic Performance In Charter Schools, Brittany Strickland
Teachers represent the frontline of education and many of them find themselves working daily with impoverished students. Teachers’ qualitative perceptions are useful for developing solutions to the problem of educating diverse students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds in charter schools. The purpose of this study was to understand teachers’ perceptions of a charter school environment and the association between low socioeconomic status (SES) students and their academic performance. A qualitative design and a case study methodology were used with two charter schools, including 45 participating teachers. Results from questionnaires and interviews ensured a sufficient understanding of the phenomenon. The collected information ...
Short- And Long-Run Effects Of Early Grades, 2019 Singapore Management University
Short- And Long-Run Effects Of Early Grades, Luca Facchinello
Research Collection School of Economics
Does early grading affect educational choices? To answer the question, I exploit the staggeredimplementation of a reform which postponed grade assignment in Swedish compulsoryschool. I identify short- and long-term effects of early grading, for students with differentacademic ability and socioeconomic status (SES). When graded early on, high-ability students(especially if high-SES) perform better, and are more likely to choose academic coursesduring compulsory school. Low-ability students react in the opposite way, in particular iflow-SES. While high school attainment increases for high-ability low-SES students, collegeattainment decreases for low-ability low-SES students. None of these effects carry over tothe labor market. This suggests that ...