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Black-White Earnings And Employment Differences In The K-12 Teaching Labor Market – Potential Impact On Black Males With Learning Disabilities, Donald D. Dantzler 2018 University of Wisconsin - Whitewater

Black-White Earnings And Employment Differences In The K-12 Teaching Labor Market – Potential Impact On Black Males With Learning Disabilities, Donald D. Dantzler

Journal of Research Initiatives

This study addresses one possible barrier to more African American (or Black) males with learning disabilities moving through the educational pipeline – the dearth of African American (or Black) teachers. Despite recent attention being given to the educational benefits to Black (and other) students from the presence and contributions of Black teachers, the K-12 teacher labor market in the United States remains largely represented by White teachers. In order to assess whether Black teachers are treated unfairly in this labor market, the notion of competitive labor markets eroding racial disparities over time is studied. In particular, this study builds on prior ...


Progress For Low Income Students, Johann Ducharme 2018 College of William and Mary

Progress For Low Income Students, Johann Ducharme

The William & Mary Educational Review

This essay argues in favor of Mike Rose's assertion that funding cuts to education have a detrimental effect on numerous factors, including stunted job growth in America, not remaining innovative and competitive in global markets, as well as attaining the college graduation goals set by Department of Education. In agreeing with Rose, the author provides comprehensive reasoning and data from numerous national centers: Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce, American Council on Education (ACE), The College Board, and American Association of Community Colleges (AACC). The author also examines the weaknesses of Rose’s arguments as he ...


Bullies And Allies Near The Playground: Mothers' Experiences Of Aggression In Their Children's Schools, Mara Vicente Robinson 2018 University of San Diego

Bullies And Allies Near The Playground: Mothers' Experiences Of Aggression In Their Children's Schools, Mara Vicente Robinson

Dissertations

Despite an increasing understanding of the importance of both parent-involvement and aggression among women, there appears to be little understanding of how these two areas influence each other; specifically, the lack of literature examining the extent to which female guardians experienced aggression from other female guardians and the effect it had on their involvement in their children’s schools. In an effort to investigate the extent to which aggression was prevalent among female guardians, the factors that influenced the aggression, and the effects of that aggression on women’s involvement in their children’s education, a convergent parallel mixed methods ...


The Challenges Of Urban Education, Sokha Bunly 2018 The University of San Francisco

The Challenges Of Urban Education, Sokha Bunly

Master's Theses

This paper will attempt to address the challenges faced in urban education. By analyzing issues such as demographics, racism, new racism, equality, equity, privatization and gentrification I hope to open further discourse on longstanding false pedagogy concerning urban education. I aim to scrutinize the underlying problems of urban schools and the perspectives held by the general public.

When people think of urban areas and urban education they conjure up an image of poor schools in violent neighborhoods. It is true that many urban schools are in fierce areas where crime is prevalent, however, we must look beyond this and see ...


The Impacts Of Natural Disasters On Educational Attainment: Cross-Country Evidence From Macro Data, Lois Onigbinde 2018 The University of San Francisco

The Impacts Of Natural Disasters On Educational Attainment: Cross-Country Evidence From Macro Data, Lois Onigbinde

Master's Theses

Do natural disasters impact educational attainment? Education as a paramount factor of economic development suffers from the uncontrollable effects of these increasing events from storms to floods, earthquakes to wildfires. Globally, educational resources are destroyed, directly and indirectly, students and teachers are displaced or killed, parents’ income is affected because of natural disasters. Investments in human capital for rich- and low-income countries are exposed to the uneven impact of natural disasters that adjusts household and country-level decisions, leaving them to short and long-run losses. Exploring the influence of natural disasters on secondary school attainment across a sample of 85 countries ...


Tennessee Promise: Impact On College Choice In Upper Northeast Tennessee, Jennifer R. Barber 2018 East Tennessee State University

Tennessee Promise: Impact On College Choice In Upper Northeast Tennessee, Jennifer R. Barber

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this correlational study was to explore the relationship between the new statewide two-year financial aid program, Tennessee Promise, and college choice among high school seniors in four counties in upper Northeast Tennessee. Independent variables included GPA, concern about ability to pay for college, and plans to attend a two-year or four-year institution. The dependent variables were scored on three dimensions: cost factors, social factors, and academic factors relating to college choice. Additionally, respondents reported perceptions of Tennessee Promise related to college choice. A 22-item survey was administered to high school seniors from four counties in upper Northeast ...


Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Teacher pay in Arkansas public schools varies widely from district to district across the state. This pay discrepancy is driven by both the funds available to a district and by how these funds are allocated. There is a standard per student budget given to districts across the state, but this budget can be supplemented by additional property taxes collected on property within a district. This leaves districts with more highly valued property at an advantage. Districts are free to allocate their budget for teacher pay as they see fit, with constraints on number of students per teacher and minimum teacher ...


Effects Of Spending On New York Counties Six Year Graduation Rate, Maxwell B. Costello 2018 Buffalo State College

Effects Of Spending On New York Counties Six Year Graduation Rate, Maxwell B. Costello

Applied Economics Theses

This study set out to find out more about the costs and benefits of educational spending. This was goal was then split into the steps of: reviewing previous literature, developing a model, and testing the model. The main difficulties associated with this were in finding appropriate substitutes for the theoretical variables. Due to the limited availability of data, this study focused on the six-year high school graduation rate of New York State Counties, class size, income, and spending per student as variables. These variables represented educational level, a portion of the efficiency of spending, the parent’s ability to help ...


Quantifying The Return On Investment Of After School Programming, Ayesha Patel 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Quantifying The Return On Investment Of After School Programming, Ayesha Patel

Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses

Each fiscal year, there is a battle on Capitol Hill as lawmakers wrestle with reconciling political promises to financial reality. This process is completed with the goal of efficiently allocating scarce resources, in this case tax dollars and other government revenue, across the needs of the over 325 million diverse residents of the United States. Some budget items garner almost universal support, such as defense funding, infrastructure and education. While individuals may differ on how much funding each of these causes should receive, almost all agree that they should be funded by the federal government. Other budget items, such as ...


Perspectives Of Rural Nebraska Community Leaders On Pre-Kindergarten In Public Schools, Bradley G. Stauffer 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Perspectives Of Rural Nebraska Community Leaders On Pre-Kindergarten In Public Schools, Bradley G. Stauffer

Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

The investigator in this study explored perspectives of rural Nebraska community leaders on pre-kindergarten in public schools. Thirty rural Nebraska community leaders were interviewed, 10 from each of three different communities ranging in population from around 1,000 to 2,500. For this qualitative study, the investigator asked two primary research questions related to the impact of pre-kindergarten on:

  1. Child development
  2. Community development

Six main themes were derived from the interviews:

  1. Child Development
  2. Community Development
  3. Changes in the Family and Society
  4. Funding
  5. Equity
  6. Educating the Community

The literature review focused on the efficacy of pre-kindergarten and early childhood education. Three ...


Customized Financial Interventions That May Affect Retention Rates In Nursing Programs, Joseph Rojek II 2018 Olivet Nazarene University

Customized Financial Interventions That May Affect Retention Rates In Nursing Programs, Joseph Rojek Ii

Scholar Week 2016 - present

With the cost of post-secondary education on the rise and retention rates of university students a major concern for university administrators, the author of the current study desired to explore the effect that a Financial Solutions Team (FST) had on improving the retention and graduation rates of undergraduate (RN-BSN) and graduate level (MSN) nursing students (n = 1030). The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the enhanced FST processes in order to determine its impact on the one-year retention rates after a financial hold was placed on a nurse’s student account, and the graduation rates ...


2nd Place: Budget Disparity In Education, Angelyz Rohena-Franceschini 2018 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

2nd Place: Budget Disparity In Education, Angelyz Rohena-Franceschini

Harrisburg University Research Symposium

The social issue this project deals with is the budget disparity in America's public schools. This problem is important to investigate because today's children are tomorrow's leaders and if they are not being educated properly, then how do we as a society expect them to lead us in the future.


Predicting Teacher Attitudes Toward Education Reform Initiatives, Lauren Taylor Bell 2018 Lake Forest College

Predicting Teacher Attitudes Toward Education Reform Initiatives, Lauren Taylor Bell

Senior Theses

As alternative teacher certification programs, accountability measures urged by federal mandates, and unconventional school structures such as the charter school movement have gained traction, a loud debate over how to ‘fix’ America’s schools has ensued amongst teachers, administrators, researchers, and policymakers. This thesis examines teacher attitudes regarding a number of education reform initiatives including tenure, accountability for student achievement, and school choice using Brookings’ 2003 Survey of Educators, a sample of 3,264 public school teachers. My empirical analysis extends the findings of Moe’s Special Interest by looking at the quality of undergraduate teacher training as a predictor ...


Reducing The Constraints To School Access And Progress: Assessing The Effects Of A School Scholarship Program In Malawi, Stephen Hunsaker 2018 Brigham Young University

Reducing The Constraints To School Access And Progress: Assessing The Effects Of A School Scholarship Program In Malawi, Stephen Hunsaker

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study utilizes a causal-comparative research design to compare the educational experiences and outcomes of two student groups – those who did and those who did not receive a needs-based scholarship to attend secondary or tertiary school. We administered surveys to 89 scholarship recipients and 57 non-recipients in the Dowa, Kasungu and Lilongwe Districts of Malawi. Surveys included items to determine group differences across a range of short and medium-term outcomes, including: career aspirations, attendance rate, withdrawal rate, graduation rate, employment status, time unemployed since graduation, and employment quality (using the Tanzanian Standard Classification of Occupations). This study included students currently ...


The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant 2018 Brigham Young University

The Impact Of Gap Years On Academic Outcomes For Women: A Case Study From The Missionary Age Change, Margaret Marchant

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Young adults throughout the United States and other countries participate in “gap years,” or time away from school, often for travel, work, or volunteering. This practice is promoted as a way to mature and refocus. However, some worry that it lowers the likelihood of college completion. Previous literature has investigated the academic, social, and personal benefits of gap years with mixed results; however selection into gap years confounds the true impact with unobservable personal characteristics. To overcome selection issues, I exploit an exogenous policy change that lowered age requirements for missionary service, a unique type of gap year, resulting in ...


The Impact Of Education Expenditures On Income Inequality: Evidence From Us States, Bryanna Seefeldt 2018 Bryant University

The Impact Of Education Expenditures On Income Inequality: Evidence From Us States, Bryanna Seefeldt

Honors Projects in Economics

While the effect of various types of government expenditures on income inequality has been studied extensively, whether education expenditures impacts income inequality is less clear. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between education expenditures and income inequality. Specifically, I explore the impact of tertiary versus primary and secondary education spending on income inequality using panel data for 50 US states over the period 1987-2015. Using an ordinary least squares model with time and state fixed effects, I find that total and disaggregated education expenditures have a significant inequality-reducing effect on the income distribution. The findings support ...


Advocate, Vol. 29, Spring No. 1-2 (2018), Advocate 2018 CUNY Graduate Center

Advocate, Vol. 29, Spring No. 1-2 (2018), Advocate

The Advocate

TABLE OF CONTENTS:

Editorial:

- On Being Late. Nandini Ramachandran (p. 3)

Features:

- Imperialism and Class Struggle in Chagos and Mauritius. Gordon Barnes (p. 8)

- The Streets Tell What the Press Hides: Disaster Capitalism in Puerto Rico. Maria Heyaca (p. 20)

- Moral Depravity, Discontent and Socialism: The Politics of the Urban Revolution. Harry Blain (p. 35)

- Neoliberalizing Childhood and Education: WeWork’s “Entrepreneurial” Schools. Hillary Donnell (p. 46)

CUNY Life:

- CUNY-Wide Conference in Defense of Immigrants Held at Grad Center. CUNY Internationalist Marxist Club (p. 52)

- A New Era. CUNY Struggle (p. 58)

- Accessing Digital Literacy. Sarah Hildebrand (p. 62)

- The ...


Following The Money: Exploring Residency Funding Through The Lens Of Economics, Karen DeMoss 2018 Bank Street College of Education

Following The Money: Exploring Residency Funding Through The Lens Of Economics, Karen Demoss

Faculty and Staff Publications

Following the Money digs into how the system for funding teacher preparation fuels a host of shortcomings: subpar routes to teaching, inadequate practice before entering the classroom, shortages in high need areas, underprepared teachers. Following the Money finds that financial barriers limit our ability to grow to a universally high-quality teacher preparation system, calling for a stronger knowledge base about the economics of teacher preparation to understand how we can realize the quality we need.


A Case Study Of The Southwest Virginia Higher Education Center, Sonia Vanhook 2018 Old Dominion University

A Case Study Of The Southwest Virginia Higher Education Center, Sonia Vanhook

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of the study was to identify the impact that the Southwest Virginia Higher Education Center (SWVHEC), located in Abingdon, has had on area residents in the past twenty years. The case study presented here is different from others that have been written in that it measures the number of courses offered, student registrations, and professional developments available to local residents. The data was collected and triangulated using different methods, such as structured interviews, archival records, newspaper articles, University websites, and participant-observations. The study included colleges and universities with either main campuses or satellite locations in Southwest Virginia and ...


A Phenomenological Study Of African American College Students' Experiences With College Readiness, Rachel Strang 2018 Liberty University

A Phenomenological Study Of African American College Students' Experiences With College Readiness, Rachel Strang

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this transcendental phenomenology was to understand how African American college students at mid-Atlantic 4-year public universities experience college readiness their freshman year. Using Schlossberg’s (1981) transition theory, this study has attempted to answer the central research question: How do African American students in mid-Atlantic 4-year institutions describe their college readiness experiences? Sub-questions sought to address the students’ experiences moving in to their freshman year and continued through the stages of the transition theory. These questions explored how they were able to successfully transition into their second year based upon their individual situation, self, supports, and strategies ...


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