Endowments, Price Discrimination, And Amenities: The Economics Of Private Colleges, 2018 St. Olaf College
Endowments, Price Discrimination, And Amenities: The Economics Of Private Colleges, Jordan D. Moran
Undergraduate Economic Review
Despite the growing endowments of many private colleges, student debt of graduates is still a significant problem. This paper aims to understand how endowments are being used. Larger endowments theoretically enable colleges to increase expenditure and/or lower the tuition prices paid by students. Empirical evidence of 149 private colleges suggests colleges primarily use endowments to increase expenditures per student as opposed to directing resources to lower tuition. Further this paper uses student survey data on the quality of campus amenities including facilities, dorms, and campus food to understand how the quality of campus amenities is related to tuition prices.
Principles And Consequences In A Virtue Ethics Analysis Of Affirmative Action, 2018 Liberty University
Principles And Consequences In A Virtue Ethics Analysis Of Affirmative Action, Caleb H A Brown
Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research
In this paper, I evaluate affirmative action from the framework of virtue ethics. In doing so, I consider the principles behind affirmative action as well as its consequences because a perfectly virtuous person will act per just principles but will also be concerned with the consequences of her actions. An attempt to restore justice that utilizes a mechanism known to be ineffective is not truly an attempt to restore justice, and so is not virtuous. Therefore, if affirmative action is principally justified, a complete virtue ethical analysis will still ask, “Do we know if it works?” I conclude that affirmative ...
The Relationship Between A School District's Administrative Information Technology Budget As Proportion Of The Overall Undistributed Expenditures Budget And New Jersey 2016-2017 Parcc Performance, 2018 Seton Hall University
The Relationship Between A School District's Administrative Information Technology Budget As Proportion Of The Overall Undistributed Expenditures Budget And New Jersey 2016-2017 Parcc Performance, Peter S. Lutchko
Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)
The purpose of this relational, nonexperimental, explanatory, cross-sectional study with quantitative methods was to explain the relationship, if any, between the administrative information technology budget as a proportion of the overall undistributed expenditure account on PK-12 and K-12 New Jersey public school districts’ student achievement in English language arts (ELA) and mathematics, as measured by the high-stakes New Jersey standardized test entitled Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC), during the 2016–2017 school year. The administrative information technology budget refers to networking, technology infrastructure, and support, rather than hardware. Additionally, the study included examination of the ...
It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer
Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men’s persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three factors are identified as helping them persist from year to year, and in many cases through completion of the doctorate: the role of family, spirituality and faith-based community, and undergraduate mentors. The article concludes with implications for future research and professional practice that may improve the experiences of ...
Breaking Traditions: Teaching Efl In The Dominican Republic, 2018 Utah State University
Breaking Traditions: Teaching Efl In The Dominican Republic, Farlin Paulino
All Graduate Plan B and other Reports
This portfolio is a compilation of the author’s beliefs in regard to effectively teaching English as a Foreign Language and Spanish as a Second language. This work was completed for the Master of Second Language Teaching (MSLT) program at Utah State University. All the work compiled in this portfolio centers on the teaching philosophy statement, which contains what the author believes to be the most important aspects of teaching a second language. In the first section of the portfolio, the author presents the experiences that made him pursue the profession of teaching languages, his personal philosophy of teaching shaped ...
Delayed Enrollment: Analysis Of The Economic Effects, 2018 Liberty University
Delayed Enrollment: Analysis Of The Economic Effects, Darline Glaus
Doctoral Dissertations and Projects
This study provides empirical evidence of enhancing an individual’s ability to make an informed decision about higher education. The purpose of the causal-comparative design was to observe the relationships between the time a student completes a college degree and their self-reported lifetime income while considering gender. A convenience sample of United States residents who earned a four-year (bachelors) degree from an accredited college or university was collected by a professional survey service. The sample size for final analysis was 799 respondents consisting of 32.67% males and 66.58% females. The results of the ANOVA indicated significant differences in ...
Lynn Steen's Imprint On Demographic Change And The Demand For Higher Education, 2018 Carleton College
Lynn Steen's Imprint On Demographic Change And The Demand For Higher Education, Nathan D. Grawe
Nathan D. Grawe. 2018. Demographic Change and the Demand for Higher Education (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press) 192 pp. ISBN 978-1421424132.
This essay introduces and excerpts my Demographic Change and the Demand for Higher Education, published by Johns Hopkins University Press. The book reflects Lynn Steen's vision of quantitative reasoning as more to do with the quality of thought than the impressiveness of the mathematical tools involved. The excerpt lays out the basic demographic challenge facing higher education and how a refinement of simple headcount forecasts can support institutions of higher education as they make preparations.
On Human Capital Development In Bangladesh, 2018 Singapore Management University
On Human Capital Development In Bangladesh, Sijia Xu
Dissertations and Theses Collection (Open Access)
This dissertation consists of three chapters on human capital development in Bangladesh. The first chapter provides microeconometric evidence that access to electricity has a positive impact on the nutritional status of children under five in rural Bangladesh.
Black-White Earnings And Employment Differences In The K-12 Teaching Labor Market – Potential Impact On Black Males With Learning Disabilities, 2018 University of Wisconsin - Whitewater
Black-White Earnings And Employment Differences In The K-12 Teaching Labor Market – Potential Impact On Black Males With Learning Disabilities, Donald D. Dantzler
Journal of Research Initiatives
This study addresses one possible barrier to more African American (or Black) males with learning disabilities moving through the educational pipeline – the dearth of African American (or Black) teachers. Despite recent attention being given to the educational benefits to Black (and other) students from the presence and contributions of Black teachers, the K-12 teacher labor market in the United States remains largely represented by White teachers. In order to assess whether Black teachers are treated unfairly in this labor market, the notion of competitive labor markets eroding racial disparities over time is studied. In particular, this study builds on prior ...
Progress For Low Income Students, 2018 College of William and Mary
Progress For Low Income Students, Johann Ducharme
The William & Mary Educational Review
This essay argues in favor of Mike Rose's assertion that funding cuts to education have a detrimental effect on numerous factors, including stunted job growth in America, not remaining innovative and competitive in global markets, as well as attaining the college graduation goals set by Department of Education. In agreeing with Rose, the author provides comprehensive reasoning and data from numerous national centers: Georgetown University’s Center on Education and the Workforce, American Council on Education (ACE), The College Board, and American Association of Community Colleges (AACC). The author also examines the weaknesses of Rose’s arguments as he ...
The Hidden Curriculum In Financial Literacy: Economics, Standards, And The Teaching Of Young Children, 2018 CUNY Hunter College
The Hidden Curriculum In Financial Literacy: Economics, Standards, And The Teaching Of Young Children, Debbie Sonu, Anand R. Marri
Publications and Research
No abstract provided.
The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, 2018 Union College
The Effects Of Stem Education On Economic Growth, Mallory Croak
This thesis aims to build on existing studies of human capital and returns to education with a focus on innovation-fueling, STEM-based education, to answer: How does STEM education affect macroeconomic growth across different countries? A review of literature reveals that many studies account for human capital in growth equations, measured as average years of education. However, educational attainment as a measure of human capital leaves out the additional impact of research, technological know-how and innovation on growth. This thesis seeks to bridge some of the overlap between education and innovation as it affects productivity by focusing on education in STEM ...
Bullies And Allies Near The Playground: Mothers' Experiences Of Aggression In Their Children's Schools, 2018 University of San Diego
Bullies And Allies Near The Playground: Mothers' Experiences Of Aggression In Their Children's Schools, Mara Vicente Robinson
Despite an increasing understanding of the importance of both parent-involvement and aggression among women, there appears to be little understanding of how these two areas influence each other; specifically, the lack of literature examining the extent to which female guardians experienced aggression from other female guardians and the effect it had on their involvement in their children’s schools. In an effort to investigate the extent to which aggression was prevalent among female guardians, the factors that influenced the aggression, and the effects of that aggression on women’s involvement in their children’s education, a convergent parallel mixed methods ...
The Challenges Of Urban Education, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Challenges Of Urban Education, Sokha Bunly
This paper will attempt to address the challenges faced in urban education. By analyzing issues such as demographics, racism, new racism, equality, equity, privatization and gentrification I hope to open further discourse on longstanding false pedagogy concerning urban education. I aim to scrutinize the underlying problems of urban schools and the perspectives held by the general public.
When people think of urban areas and urban education they conjure up an image of poor schools in violent neighborhoods. It is true that many urban schools are in fierce areas where crime is prevalent, however, we must look beyond this and see ...
The Impacts Of Natural Disasters On Educational Attainment: Cross-Country Evidence From Macro Data, 2018 The University of San Francisco
The Impacts Of Natural Disasters On Educational Attainment: Cross-Country Evidence From Macro Data, Lois Onigbinde
Do natural disasters impact educational attainment? Education as a paramount factor of economic development suffers from the uncontrollable effects of these increasing events from storms to floods, earthquakes to wildfires. Globally, educational resources are destroyed, directly and indirectly, students and teachers are displaced or killed, parents’ income is affected because of natural disasters. Investments in human capital for rich- and low-income countries are exposed to the uneven impact of natural disasters that adjusts household and country-level decisions, leaving them to short and long-run losses. Exploring the influence of natural disasters on secondary school attainment across a sample of 85 countries ...
Perspectives Of Rural Nebraska Community Leaders On Pre-Kindergarten In Public Schools, 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Perspectives Of Rural Nebraska Community Leaders On Pre-Kindergarten In Public Schools, Bradley G. Stauffer
Educational Administration: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research
The investigator in this study explored perspectives of rural Nebraska community leaders on pre-kindergarten in public schools. Thirty rural Nebraska community leaders were interviewed, 10 from each of three different communities ranging in population from around 1,000 to 2,500. For this qualitative study, the investigator asked two primary research questions related to the impact of pre-kindergarten on:
- Child development
- Community development
Six main themes were derived from the interviews:
- Child Development
- Community Development
- Changes in the Family and Society
- Educating the Community
The literature review focused on the efficacy of pre-kindergarten and early childhood education. Three ...
Effects Of Spending On New York Counties Six Year Graduation Rate, 2018 Buffalo State College
Effects Of Spending On New York Counties Six Year Graduation Rate, Maxwell B. Costello
Applied Economics Theses
This study set out to find out more about the costs and benefits of educational spending. This was goal was then split into the steps of: reviewing previous literature, developing a model, and testing the model. The main difficulties associated with this were in finding appropriate substitutes for the theoretical variables. Due to the limited availability of data, this study focused on the six-year high school graduation rate of New York State Counties, class size, income, and spending per student as variables. These variables represented educational level, a portion of the efficiency of spending, the parent’s ability to help ...
Quantifying The Return On Investment Of After School Programming, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Quantifying The Return On Investment Of After School Programming, Ayesha Patel
Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses
Each fiscal year, there is a battle on Capitol Hill as lawmakers wrestle with reconciling political promises to financial reality. This process is completed with the goal of efficiently allocating scarce resources, in this case tax dollars and other government revenue, across the needs of the over 325 million diverse residents of the United States. Some budget items garner almost universal support, such as defense funding, infrastructure and education. While individuals may differ on how much funding each of these causes should receive, almost all agree that they should be funded by the federal government. Other budget items, such as ...
Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders
Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses
Teacher pay in Arkansas public schools varies widely from district to district across the state. This pay discrepancy is driven by both the funds available to a district and by how these funds are allocated. There is a standard per student budget given to districts across the state, but this budget can be supplemented by additional property taxes collected on property within a district. This leaves districts with more highly valued property at an advantage. Districts are free to allocate their budget for teacher pay as they see fit, with constraints on number of students per teacher and minimum teacher ...
Tennessee Promise: Impact On College Choice In Upper Northeast Tennessee, 2018 East Tennessee State University
Tennessee Promise: Impact On College Choice In Upper Northeast Tennessee, Jennifer R. Barber
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The purpose of this correlational study was to explore the relationship between the new statewide two-year financial aid program, Tennessee Promise, and college choice among high school seniors in four counties in upper Northeast Tennessee. Independent variables included GPA, concern about ability to pay for college, and plans to attend a two-year or four-year institution. The dependent variables were scored on three dimensions: cost factors, social factors, and academic factors relating to college choice. Additionally, respondents reported perceptions of Tennessee Promise related to college choice. A 22-item survey was administered to high school seniors from four counties in upper Northeast ...