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High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem 2016 The Bank of Korea

High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

The proportion of U.S. high school students working during the school year ranges from 23% in the freshman year to 75% in the senior year. This study estimates how cumulative work histories during the high school years affect probability of dropout, high school academic performance, and the probability of attending college. Variation in individual date of birth and in state truancy laws along with the strength of local demand for low-skill labor are used as instruments for endogenous work hours during the high school career. Working more hours during the academic year does not affect high school academic performance ...


The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos 2016 Iowa State University

The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos

Peter Orazem

Few empirical relationships have been investigated more frequently than that between years of schooling and earnings. Hundreds of studies using a wide variety of datasets from developed countries, spanning many decades, and employing alternative specifications to correct for various potential sources of bias, have consistently found positive private returns per year of schooling.• Returns arc frequent ly equal to or above long-run average market returns to other investments.


Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Iowa State University

Lack Of Education, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

This chapter reviews the stylized facts regarding the distribution of human capital investments and the returns to those investments in developing countries. It then examines recent evidence regarding which policies can induce increased human capital investments in the most efficient manner, using estimated benefits and costs as a guide. Supplyside strategies such as increasing school access or improving school quality are more costly, have less certain benefits, and have a weak record of success. Demand-side interventions such as school sited health programs, vouchers, and conditional transfers have a greater likelihood of improving literacy in the most cost-effective manner.


Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Iowa State University

Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...


Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Korea Institute for Vocational Education and Training

Can Private School Subsidies Increase Enrollment For The Poor? The Quetta Urban Fellowship Program, Jooseop Kim, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

This study evaluates a program designed to stimulate girls' schooling through the creation of private girls' schools in poor urban neighborhoods of Quetta, Pakistan. Enrollment growth in these randomly selected neighborhoods is compared to enrollment growth in otherwise similar neighborhoods that were randomly assigned to a control group. The analysis indicates that the program increased girls' enrollment around 33 percentage points. Boys' enrollment rose as well, partly because boys were allowed to attend the new schools and partly because parents would not send their girls to school without also educating their boys. This outcome suggests that programs targeted at girls ...


Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth 2016 World Bank

Central Mandates And Local Incentives: The Colombia Education Voucher Program, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Darin R. Wohlgemuth

Peter Orazem

In decentralized education systems programs that promote central mandates may have to be devolved to local governments, communities, and providers. When participation by local governments and providers is voluntary rather than compulsory, the determinants of program placement are important in predicting potential benefits to individuals. This article analyzes incentives for municipalities and private schools to participate in Colombia's voucher program. It finds that the demand for secondary education relative to the capacity of public schools and the availability of spaces in private schools in the municipality were key predictors of municipal participation, whereas the number of underserved students had ...


School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno 2016 World Bank

School Quality, School Cost, And The Public/Private School Choices Of Low-Income Households In Pakistan, Harold Alderman, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno

Peter Orazem

Variation in school attributes, proximity, and fees across neighborhoods is used to identify factors that affect whether poor households send their children to government school, private school, or no school. Analysis shows that even the poorest households use private schools extensively, and that utilization increases with income. Lowering private school fees or distance or raising measured quality raises private school enrollments, partly by transfers from government schools and partly from enrollments of children who otherwise would not have gone to school. The strong demand for private schools is consistent with evidence of greater mathematics and language achievement in private schools ...


Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec 2016 EKE ARIKO Consulting Ltd

Employment And Wage Dynamics In Estonia, 1989-95, Rivo Noorkoiv, Peter F. Orazem, Allan Puur, Milan Vodopivec

Peter Orazem

This study monitors the effects of economic transition on wages and employment in a former Soviet Republic. Estonia's case is of particular interest because of its early adoption of relatively free labour market policies. Relative wages for the highest educated groups rose for all age groups. There were also rapid increases in returns to job experience, particularly at young ages. Increasing wage dispersion across human capital groups was accompanied by narrowing wage dispersion within human capital groups. Relative wages rose in sectors which gained relative employment, while they fell in shrinking sectors. In addition, there were large flows of ...


Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, Peter F. Orazem 2016 Iowa State University

Black-White Differences In Schooling Investment And Human Capital Production In Segregated Schools, Peter F. Orazem

Peter Orazem

The lower level of school quality available for blacks relative to whites in the segregated era is frequently cited as a primary cause for the currently observed gap in black-white average wages. The inferior education pro­ vided to black children is argued to have caused lower levels of human capital produc­ tion in black schools than white schools. The gap in black-white wages can be traced to this gap in human capital. Similarly, the convergence in black-and-white average wages during the 1960's and 1970's may be explained by the steady convergence in black-and-white school quality and atten­ dance ...


Open Education At Unh, Daniel Carchidi, Eleta Exline, Catherine Overson 2016 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

Open Education At Unh, Daniel Carchidi, Eleta Exline, Catherine Overson

Open Access Week

Last year UNH faculty helped save students nearly $150,000 by assigning Open Educational Resources in place of expensive textbooks. Find out more about this exciting project!


Evaluating The Impact Of State Funding Vehicles Of Appropriations And Financial Aid On Graduation Rates At Public Institutions: A Multilevel Analysis, Tara Abbott 2016 Seton Hall University

Evaluating The Impact Of State Funding Vehicles Of Appropriations And Financial Aid On Graduation Rates At Public Institutions: A Multilevel Analysis, Tara Abbott

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Guided by a theoretical framework derived from principal-agent models, persistence theories or college impact models, and microeconomic theory, the present study utilized multilevel modeling techniques to assess the correlation between state higher education funding vehicles of appropriations, need-based financial aid, and merit-based financial aid and graduation rates after controlling for known covariates at the institution and state levels. The present study also evaluated the correlation between funding vehicles and minority student graduation rates as well as determined if funding vehicles impact institutions with greater percentages of minority students differently than those with a less diverse student population. The present study ...


Membuat Kuesioner, priyono priyono 2016 university pgri adi buana

Membuat Kuesioner, Priyono Priyono

priyono iyon priyono management

Salah satu instrumen pengumpul data dalam penelitian adalah kuesioner, atau disebut juga daftar pertanyaan (terstruktur). Kuesioner ini biasanya berkaitan erat dengan masalah penelitian, atau juga hipotesis penelitian yang dirumuskan. Disebut juga dengan istilah pedoman wawancara (interview schedule), namun kita akan menggunakan istilah generiknya yaitu kuesioner


The Influence Of Motivation And Discipline Work Against Employee Work Productivity Tona'an Markets, priyono priyono, zaenal zaenal 2016 university pgri adi buana

The Influence Of Motivation And Discipline Work Against Employee Work Productivity Tona'an Markets, Priyono Priyono, Zaenal Zaenal

priyono iyon priyono management

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine and examine whether there is influence of motivation, and discipline kerjai on employee productivity in office environments Bangkalan tona'an market? The method used in this research is quantitative research approach with linear regression analysis techniques. multiple. The population in this study were all employees of the office market tona'an Bangkalan of 20 people, while samples in this study were all employees of the market tona'an some 20 people. Results from this study is, the hypothesis that motivational effect on work productivity in office environments market Tona'an Bangkalan ...


An Analysis Of The Connection Between Workforce Development And Higher Education Within State Policy And The Sharing Of Best Practices, Arthur C. Evans III 2016 Keiser University

An Analysis Of The Connection Between Workforce Development And Higher Education Within State Policy And The Sharing Of Best Practices, Arthur C. Evans Iii

South Florida Education Research Conference

Workforce development policy is a major cornerstone for many governments. The success can be linked to educational programs that support the training of the workforce. Sharing of best practices among higher education institutions supporting workforce development can help newer institutions and support regional workforce development goals.


Rethinking Apprenticeship Training For The Construction Industry In Ireland, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy 2016 Dublin Institute of Technology

Rethinking Apprenticeship Training For The Construction Industry In Ireland, Eoghan Ó Murchadha, Roisin Murphy

Conference papers

The construction industry is of strategic importance to any economy, as it delivers the building and infrastructural needs of society; it is also a major provider of employment. The over-reliance on construction was a contributing factor to the collapse of the Irish economy and employment in construction fell to under 50% of its 2007 peak as a consequence. The decline devastated apprentice training with a reduction in excess of 90% of new registrations of construction apprentices at the lowest point. The implication of this to the industry is disquieting, given the crucial role apprenticeships play in the sector. The Irish ...


The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement In New Jersey, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Francine Stephens, Julie Kubelka, Patrick McGuinn, Hannah Ingersoll 2016 University of Pennsylvania

The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement In New Jersey, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Francine Stephens, Julie Kubelka, Patrick Mcguinn, Hannah Ingersoll

CPRE Working Papers

The Bubble Bursts: The 2015 Opt-Out Movement in New Jersey analyzes the scope, factors, and context of the opt-out movement that occurred in New Jersey in the spring of 2015. Using test participation data released in February 2016 by the New Jersey Department of Education, we found that approximately 135,000 students did not take the state assessment in the spring of 2015. Depending on how it was calculated, this represented between 11-19% of the population of students eligible for testing in grades 3 to 11 in the state. There was also a positive correlation between higher district opt-out rates ...


Pennsylvania School Tax Burden, Gregory J. Collins 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania School Tax Burden, Gregory J. Collins

CPRE Policy Briefs

PA Act 35 was signed into law on June 1, 2016. The act amended the state public school code, including the creation of a school funding formula. In this policy brief, Pennsylvania School Tax Burden, Gregory Collins examines how the new formula directs state basic education funding, how it is allocated to local school districts based on need, its ability to pay, and the local school tax effort. Pennsylvania School Tax Burden examines the claim that differences exist in local school tax burdens across Pennsylvania's 500 districts.


A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde 2016 SIT Graduate Institute

A National Bilingual Education Policy For The Economic And Academic Empowerment Of Youth In St. Lucia, West Indies, Gabriella Bellegarde

Capstone Collection

This campaign portfolio argues the case for a national bilingual education policy on the island of St. Lucia, where youth speak both St Lucian Creole and St. Lucian standard English. The portfolio consists of a policy paper and brief, an advocacy plan, a communications plan, monitoring and evaluation plan. The Bilingual Education Taskforce (BET), made up of teachers, parents and principals, is an advocacy organization that discovered the need for a bilingual education intervention when they observed, assessed and analyzed the written work of struggling readers at their school, the Anse la Raye Infant School on the west coast of ...


Institutional Expenditures And State Economic Factors Influencing 2012-2014 Public University Graduation Rates, Brian Todd Hester 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Institutional Expenditures And State Economic Factors Influencing 2012-2014 Public University Graduation Rates, Brian Todd Hester

Doctoral Dissertations

American higher education has seen public postsecondary funding sharply decline over the past couple of decades and has now fallen behind other countries in being the world leader in college degree production. Many U.S. states have begun to place more accountability on their public institutions to prove they are using appropriations as effectively and efficiently as possible. State financial support is increasingly being appropriated on the basis of performance – i.e. student outcomes, primarily measured by student graduation rates. The better an institution can use its financial resources to increase its graduation rates, the more state financial support it ...


Coda, Gail M. Boldt 2016 Penn State University

Coda, Gail M. Boldt

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


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