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Evaluating The Validity Of Technology-Enhanced Educational Assessment Items And Tasks: An Empirical Approach To Studying Item Features And Scoring Rubrics., Ally Thomas 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Evaluating The Validity Of Technology-Enhanced Educational Assessment Items And Tasks: An Empirical Approach To Studying Item Features And Scoring Rubrics., Ally Thomas

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

With the advent of the newly developed Common Core State Standards and the Next Generation Science Standards, innovative assessments, including technology-enhanced items and tasks, will be needed to meet the challenges of developing valid and reliable assessments in a world of computer-based testing. In a recent critique of the next generation assessments in math (i.e., Smarter Balanced), Rasmussen (2015) observed that many aspects of the technology “enhancements” can be expected to do more harm than good as the computer interfaces may introduce construct irrelevant variance. This paper focused on issues surrounding the design of TEIs and how cognitive load ...


Supervisory Dyads In School Psychology Internships: Does Personality Difference Affect Ratings Of Supervisory Working Alliance, Supervision Satisfaction, And Work Readiness?, Sheila P. Desai 2016 University of Massachusetts Boston

Supervisory Dyads In School Psychology Internships: Does Personality Difference Affect Ratings Of Supervisory Working Alliance, Supervision Satisfaction, And Work Readiness?, Sheila P. Desai

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

The internship is a critical part of graduate training and often the only opportunity to receive on-site clinical supervision during school psychology practice. Nonetheless, the process of pairing interns with field supervisors is not standardized and sometimes relies on factors such as logistics and supervisor credentials rather than a consideration of interpersonal variables that could optimize the internship experience. Related fields have found mixed evidence for a relationship between personality similarity within a supervisory dyad and outcomes such as a strong supervisory relationship, satisfaction with supervision, and supervisee effectiveness. This study examined the influence of personality similarity on ratings of ...


Understanding How Intentionally Unplugging From Cell Phones Shapes Interpersonal Relationships And The Undergraduate College Experience, Jadelin P. Felipe 2016 University of San Francisco

Understanding How Intentionally Unplugging From Cell Phones Shapes Interpersonal Relationships And The Undergraduate College Experience, Jadelin P. Felipe

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of what motivated college students—the Unplugged Students—to intentionally use their cell phones less and how they understood the impact that unplugging had on their interpersonal relationships and college experience. Nine undergraduate college students from four private schools were interviewed in one-on-one semi- structured interviews. These students, considered non-users, provided a particularly useful perspective as these students made a conscious choice to counteract social norms and experienced both being plugged in and unplugged. Cell phones and the act of unplugging proved to make up a complex and more nuanced ...


The Effects Of Missing Data Treatment On Person Ability Estimates Using Irt Models, Sonia Mariel Suarez Enciso 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Effects Of Missing Data Treatment On Person Ability Estimates Using Irt Models, Sonia Mariel Suarez Enciso

Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences

Unplanned missing responses are common to surveys and tests including large scale assessments. There has been an ongoing debate on how missing responses should be handled and some approaches are preferred over others, especially in the context of the item response theory (IRT) models. In this context, examinees’ abilities are normally estimated with the missing responses generally ignored or treated as incorrect. Most of the studies that have explored the performance of missing data handling approaches have used simulated data. This study uses the SERCE (UNESCO, 2006) dataset and missingness pattern to evaluate the performance of three approaches: treating omitted ...


Counting On It : Early Numeracy Development And The Preschool Child, Kate Reid 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Counting On It : Early Numeracy Development And The Preschool Child, Kate Reid

Dr Kate Reid

Children think mathematically long before they start school. Before children start learning mathematics at school, they show informal understanding of many numeracy concepts. This is informal numeracy knowledge, that is, skills that children develop before starting school that do not depend on written mathematical notation (Purpura & Napoli, 2015). For example, children’s numeracy knowledge is evident in their developing counting skills. It is also evident in their capacity to compare, share, order, estimate and calculate different quantities. Fundamental skills in recognising and responding to numerical cues are apparent in infancy, and, at a very basic level, may be innate. Early numeracy skills influence achievement in school mathematics (Malofeeva, Day, Saco, Young, & Ciancio, 2004; Purpura & Napoli, 2015; Starkey, Klein & Wakeley, 2004). Understanding the importance and development of preschoolers’ numeracy skills is fundamental for those involved in early years education so they can support and encourage children to develop their skills in early learning contexts, and provide appropriate school-entry teaching and learning (Floyd, Hojnoski, & Key, 2006). This review synthesises current research ...


Thinking Through Early Childhood, Jonathan Silin 2016 University of Toronto

Thinking Through Early Childhood, Jonathan Silin

Occasional Paper Series

Working against the grain of history and contemporary assumptions about the nature of the field, the author makes a counterintuitive argument that decenters the child and brings forward the adult in early childhood education (ECE).


Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine 2016 Framingham State University

Becoming-Belieber: Girls' Passionate Encounters With Bieber Culture, Kortney Sherbine

Occasional Paper Series

In this article, I draw on French philosophers Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari’s (1987) notion of becoming to consider the ways in which these encounters with people, materials, and technologies are productive, creating space for Beliebers to come into relationship with one another and with popular culture in ways that are new and that I never could have anticipated during my more carefully organized and school-curriculum-driven interactions with girls during my six years as an elementary school teacher. Through my current research into young girls’ after-school fanaticism, I have been able to come to know girls differently than I ...


Counting On It : Early Numeracy Development And The Preschool Child, Kate Reid 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Counting On It : Early Numeracy Development And The Preschool Child, Kate Reid

Student Learning Processes

Children think mathematically long before they start school. Before children start learning mathematics at school, they show informal understanding of many numeracy concepts. This is informal numeracy knowledge, that is, skills that children develop before starting school that do not depend on written mathematical notation (Purpura & Napoli, 2015). For example, children’s numeracy knowledge is evident in their developing counting skills. It is also evident in their capacity to compare, share, order, estimate and calculate different quantities. Fundamental skills in recognising and responding to numerical cues are apparent in infancy, and, at a very basic level, may be innate. Early numeracy skills influence achievement in school mathematics (Malofeeva, Day, Saco, Young, & Ciancio, 2004; Purpura & Napoli, 2015; Starkey, Klein & Wakeley, 2004). Understanding the importance and development of preschoolers’ numeracy skills is fundamental for those involved in early years education so they can support and encourage children to develop their skills in early learning contexts, and provide appropriate school-entry teaching and learning (Floyd, Hojnoski, & Key, 2006). This review synthesises current research ...


Social Emotional Development's Effect On Academic Achievement Of Children With Special Needs, Adrienne Dunn 2016 Sacred Heart University

Social Emotional Development's Effect On Academic Achievement Of Children With Special Needs, Adrienne Dunn

EDL Sixth Year Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine how social emotional strategies could be embedded into the academic curriculum for students with special needs. In order to develop a greater understanding on how to most effectively embed the strategies, a variety of stakeholders were called upon to gather information about strategies the could be implemented. The effectiveness of the strategies would be illustrated by the students’ attitudes towards learning after the implementation of embedded strategies and skills. This study focused on gathering information from a faculty at an intermediate school and the implementation of strategies was done in a collaborative ...


Childhood Trauma : Developmental Pathways And Implications For The Classroom, Mollie Tobin 2016 Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Childhood Trauma : Developmental Pathways And Implications For The Classroom, Mollie Tobin

Student Learning Processes

New understandings in developmental and neuroscience research have challenged popular ideas about trauma exposure and brain development during childhood. There is a general misconception that children are more resilient than adults to the effects of trauma and will ‘outgrow’ traumatic experiences (Lieberman & Knorr, 2007). However, these ideas are incorrect and are not supported by current research. In the classroom, children’s trauma symptoms may be understood as attentional deficits, learning disabilities, or behavioural or conduct problems (Downey, 2007). Researchers like Teicher et al. (2003) argue that trauma-informed behaviours are important coping mechanisms that a child may develop to survive extremely ...


A Study Of The Academic And Personal Impacts Of A Literacy Intervention Course: Stories From Stakeholders, Jeremy Ray Logsdon 2016 Western Kentucky University

A Study Of The Academic And Personal Impacts Of A Literacy Intervention Course: Stories From Stakeholders, Jeremy Ray Logsdon

Dissertations

This study aims to illuminate, via the qualitative method of portraiture, the academic and personal impacts of both faculty and student stakeholders of a literacy intervention course, offered as an alternative to the traditional developmental reading model, taught at a regional southeastern United States four-year public university. Students who enrolled in the course from the semesters of fall 2012 to fall 2015 were given the opportunity to complete a survey about their experiences with the literacy intervention course. Faculty stakeholders were interviewed for their perspective on course creation, implementation, and delivery, focusing on the six curricular core competencies of reading ...


The Effect Of Principals’ Thinker Communication Style On School Improvement, Jennifer L. Nelson 2016 University of New England

The Effect Of Principals’ Thinker Communication Style On School Improvement, Jennifer L. Nelson

All Theses And Dissertations

This dissertation sought to examine the effect of the communication of Thinker personality type principals on school improvement efforts. Thinker principals prefer to communicate through thoughts and logic. The Process Communication Model® was used to determine participants’ personality types. This examination consisted of a qualitative study that included data collected from surveys administered to principals of buildings with Federal Level IV Special Education programs and alternative high schools. The participating principals had Thinker personality types, and the participating teachers served on their School Improvement Leadership Teams that were led by the participating principals. The teachers had similar and different personality ...


The Mathematical Disposition Of Middle School Students: An Examination Of Students’ Self-Concept Of Ability In Mathematics, Katrina Leigh Hall 2016 University of New England

The Mathematical Disposition Of Middle School Students: An Examination Of Students’ Self-Concept Of Ability In Mathematics, Katrina Leigh Hall

All Theses And Dissertations

The purpose of this mixed methods case study was to answer the following research questions via the lens of social-constructivism: How do middle school students describe their self-concept of ability in math? What teacher/classroom interventions are recognized by students as having an impact on their self-concept of ability? This study specifically addressed the utilization of student voice and the need to recognize self-concept of ability as a separate academic domain in research. The purposeful sampling for this case study consisted of 10 eighth-grade middle school students who participated in both an online survey and a semi-structured interview. The major ...


Understanding Posttraumatic Stress And Academic Achievement: Exploring Attentional Control, Self-Efficacy, And Coping Among College Students, Ashley M. Cantrell 2016 Western Kentucky University

Understanding Posttraumatic Stress And Academic Achievement: Exploring Attentional Control, Self-Efficacy, And Coping Among College Students, Ashley M. Cantrell

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The present study examined differences in attentional control, attentional control self-efficacy, and coping as self-regulatory mechanisms among students with varying grade point averages (GPA) who experience posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Subjects included 58 college students from one large comprehensive university in the Mid-South who met the criteria for diagnosis of PTSS based on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R). Three groups were created based on college GPA and graduation requirements at the university (at-risk for graduation, on-track for graduation, and ontrack for graduating with honors). Participants completed a survey that included demographics and measures of PTSS, attentional control, attentional control ...


Outside Looking In: A Phenomenological Study Of Non-Residential African American Fathers’ Perceptions Of Their Roles In The Academic Process Of Their Male Children, Chaundra Creekmu 2016 Liberty University

Outside Looking In: A Phenomenological Study Of Non-Residential African American Fathers’ Perceptions Of Their Roles In The Academic Process Of Their Male Children, Chaundra Creekmu

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this transcendental, phenomenological study was to understand the perceptions of non-residential African American fathers’ roles in the academic process of their male children in in a suburban city in the Eastern region of Georgia. The following questions guided the study: (a) What roles do non-residential African American fathers play in the academic process of their male children? (b) What factors shape non-residential African American fathers’ perceptions of their roles in the academic process of their male children? (c) What do non-residential African American fathers perceive as the value of their involvement in the academic process of their ...


Identity Development And Self-Esteem Of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study, Kathryn P. Alessandria, Eileen S. Nelson 2016 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Identity Development And Self-Esteem Of First-Generation American College Students: An Exploratory Study, Kathryn P. Alessandria, Eileen S. Nelson

Kathryn Alessandria

No abstract provided.


Understanding Korean Immigrant Children's Motivation To Learn Korean And Their Situated Identities, Jung-In Kim 2016 School of Education and Human Development at the University of Colorado Denver

Understanding Korean Immigrant Children's Motivation To Learn Korean And Their Situated Identities, Jung-In Kim

Jung-In Kim

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Three Instructional Methods On The Learning And Transfer Of Learning Strategies To Different Learning Contexts, Jung-In Kim, Claire Ellen Weinstein 2016 School of Education and Human Development at the University of Colorado Denver

The Impact Of Three Instructional Methods On The Learning And Transfer Of Learning Strategies To Different Learning Contexts, Jung-In Kim, Claire Ellen Weinstein

Jung-In Kim

No abstract provided.


Under- And Over- Challenging Tasks As Antecedents To Students' Boredom, T. W. Acee, Y. Cho, Jung-In Kim, B. Barry 2016 School of Education and Human Development at the University of Colorado Denver

Under- And Over- Challenging Tasks As Antecedents To Students' Boredom, T. W. Acee, Y. Cho, Jung-In Kim, B. Barry

Jung-In Kim

Research on antecedents of boredom in educational settings is scarce despite the many students who cite boredom as a major reason for dropping out of school (Bridgeland, DiIulio, & Morison, 2006). The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of task difficulty on boredom. We investigated students’ perceptions of boredom during two experimentally-manipulated puzzle tasks designed to be too easy or too difficult. Using the 10-item Academic Boredom Scale (ABS-10; Acee et al., 2010), we investigated two types of boredom: self-focused boredom (ennui) and task-focused boredom (tedium). We were interested in which type of boredom was more salient for students during the under- and over-challenging tasks. Also, of concern was the dimensionality of the ABS-10 for each task. Research on boredom has suggested that task difficulty is an important antecedent of boredom. Csikszentmihalyi (1990) posited that boredom is experienced when a person ...


College Students' Facebook Posts And Locus Of Control, Rachel M. Hartnett 2016 Rowan University

College Students' Facebook Posts And Locus Of Control, Rachel M. Hartnett

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this thesis is to investigate the relationship between college students' Facebook posts and external locus of control. The primary purpose of this study is to determine if the type, frequency or number of “likes” of a Facebook post will correlate to an external locus of control. Facebook has been in use for over a decade and has over a billion users worldwide. Previous studies have researched the amount of time on Facebook and activity of users; however, this study will add to the growing number of studies on social media and examine the one particular activity of ...


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