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Full-Text Articles in Law

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz Mar 3013

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Historical materialism has been called in question by the triumph of neoliberalism and the fall of Communism. I show, by consideration of two examples, the 2008 crisis and recent Supreme Court campaign spending First Amendment jurisprudence, that neoliberalism instead vindicates the explanatory power of (non-mechanical and non-deterministic) historical materialism in accounting for a wide range of recent legal developments in legislation, executive (in)action, and judicial decision-making.


All Things To All People, Part One, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Jan 2105

All Things To All People, Part One, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Our Constitutional Logic has identified the fundamental predicate of Government I, which operated, more or less, under Constitution I, the Constutiton of the year One, as a disposable government. See The Standard Model at War, 17 OCL 350. if government asserts, affirmatively, that it is disposable, isn’t it also asserting that it can replicate its systems (= structures political society) at will? OCL builds on its assertion of political society as a three-goaled contrivance. See Why Do Political Societies Exist? 2 OCL 883. Isn’t such a government asserting the primacy of the needs of civil society? By offering to ...


Recent Developments In Finra Securities Arbitrations, Barry R. Temkin, Robert J. Usinger, Christopher Amore Jul 2104

Recent Developments In Finra Securities Arbitrations, Barry R. Temkin, Robert J. Usinger, Christopher Amore

Barry R. Temkin

This article discusses developments in securities arbitration before the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), including proposals under consideration to narrow the definition of public arbitrator and to provide greater access to advisors' past disciplinary history on FINRA Brokercheck.


Does The Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?, David B. Kopel Apr 2104

Does The Second Amendment Protect Firearms Commerce?, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

The Second Amendment protects the operation of businesses which provide Second Amendment services, including gun stores. Although lower federal courts have split on the issue, the right of firearms commerce is demonstrated by the original history of the Second Amendment, confirmed by the Supreme Court in District of Columbia v. Heller, and consistent with the Court's precedents on other individual rights.


Will More, Better, Cheaper, And Faster Monitoring Improve Environmental Management?, Ryan P. Kelly Jan 2104

Will More, Better, Cheaper, And Faster Monitoring Improve Environmental Management?, Ryan P. Kelly

Ryan P Kelly

Two critical problems in environmental management are a lack of primary data and the difficulty of assessing the environmental impacts of human activities. Producing the information necessary to address these twin challenges is often difficult and expensive, which impedes decisionmaking in environmental management. I focus here on the possibility of making data collection more powerful and more cost-effective with a suite of analyses made tractable by emerging technology for genetic analysis. More, better, cheaper, and faster information about the planet’s living resources promises to influence a wide range of legal and policy processes—from Clean Water Act compliance and ...


How Do We Know When Political Societies Change?, Peter J. Aschenbrenner Jan 2104

How Do We Know When Political Societies Change?, Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Peter J. Aschenbrenner

Predicates, features, attributes and properties of a system are liable to change. How does the change get marked down? For this purpose what facet of a system should command our attention? Any system worth the name, Our Constitutional Logic argues, is aware of its own standing in civil society. OCL considers the issues raised.


Teschner V. Commissioner, 38 T.C. ... No. 101 (1962), Harry A. Haines Jan 2063

Teschner V. Commissioner, 38 T.C. ... No. 101 (1962), Harry A. Haines

Montana Law Review

Teschner v. Commissioner


Are They Pirates Or Pioneers?, Ashley H. Song Ms. Mar 2017

Are They Pirates Or Pioneers?, Ashley H. Song Ms.

Hyein Ashley Song Ms.

Korea has the perceptive corruption level lower than the Western countries and shares the common appetite for the cultural products with the Japanese, often regarding Japanese more noble or superior and Westerns even more. Based on this sentiment, the ‘license musicals’ which have been bilaterally purchased from the West are popularly consumed in Korea. The paper calls this is not the cultural business, but the “self-confined cripples’ money party based on the informational deceptions.” The Korean licensee who has fueled the staggering production in the US transforms to the businessmen, caster, and producer in Korea . The licensed dramatico-musical transforms to ...


Konstantinos G. Margaritis's Accession Of The Eu To The Echr (Forthcoming Circa Dec. 2015) (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Law School Of National And Kapodistrian University Of Athens) (Extract On Hand), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, Seth Barrett Tillman Dec 2015

Konstantinos G. Margaritis's Accession Of The Eu To The Echr (Forthcoming Circa Dec. 2015) (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Law School Of National And Kapodistrian University Of Athens) (Extract On Hand), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, Seth Barrett Tillman

Seth Barrett Tillman

This is an extract from Konstantinos G. Margaritis's Accession of the EU to the ECHR (forthcoming circa Dec. 2015) (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Law School of National and Kapodistrian University of Athens) (on file with author), citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment on Shall and May (extract on hand).

[October 2, 2013]


The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Ali Reza Najariyan, Saeed Kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi Oct 2015

The Judge Looked At The Consolidation Of Law And The Rights Of Criminal Policy Approach, Ali Reza Najariyan, Saeed Kharadmandi, Ali Asghar Azami, Kheyri Khazayi

ali reza najariyan

Criminal proceedings and the hostility of certain powers and procedures of the judicial system is particularly influenced by the classical justice system but now the interaction criminology in previous "posteriori" of the criminal's policy Legislative broad "Dlmas Marty" in comparison with the policy of criminal narrow "Feuerbach" in criminal purposes has portrayed legislative. the aim of the answers is "Sociality" participatory " de-Ironically " and consequently the " de prison " the criminal justice system although we have focused in this paper on their Muslim criminal policy, criminal policies of the Western model of a plurality of criminal policy in terms of the ...


A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary Lafrance Oct 2015

A Material World: Using Trademark Law To Override Copyright's First Sale Rule For Imported Copies, Mary Lafrance

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

When the Supreme Court held that the first sale rule of copyright law permits the unauthorized importation and domestic sale of lawfully made copies of copyrighted works, regardless of where those copies were made, copyright owners lost much of their ability to engage in territorial price discrimination. Publishers, film and record producers, and software and videogame makers could no longer use copyright law to prevent the importation and domestic resale of gray market copies, and therefore could no longer protect their domestic distributors against competition from cheaper imported copies. However, many of these copyright owners can take advantage of a ...


Dilution At The Patent And Trademark Office, Jeremy N. Sheff Oct 2015

Dilution At The Patent And Trademark Office, Jeremy N. Sheff

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

This Article undertakes the first systematic investigation of trademark dilution in registration practice before the US Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). The Article consists of three distinct descriptive empirical analyses. In the first, I present a new hand-coded dataset of all 453 Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) dispositions of dilution claims through June 30, 2014, and report that dilution has been necessary to the PTO’s refusal of exactly three registrations in over a decade. In the second part, I apply algorithmic coding of the recently released PTO Casefiles Dataset to demonstrate that concurrent registration of identical marks to ...


After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough Oct 2015

After Myriad: Reconsidering The Incentives For Innovation In The Biotech Industry, Daniel K. Yarbrough

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

35 U.S.C. § 101 allows a patent for “any new and useful process, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.” Recently, the Supreme Court issued several key decisions affecting the doctrine of patentable subject matter under § 101. Starting with Bilski v. Kappos (2011), and continuing with Mayo Collaborative Services, Inc. v. Prometheus Laboratories (2012), Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics (2013) and, most recently, Alice Corporation Pty. Ltd. v. CLS Bank International (2014), every year has brought another major change to the way in which the Court assesses patentability. In Myriad, the ...


District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji Oct 2015

District Courts Versus The Usitc: Considering Exclusionary Relief For F/Rand-Encumbered Standard-Essential Patents, Helen H. Ji

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Technological standards allow manufacturers and consumers to rely upon these agreed-upon basic systems to facilitate sales and further invention. However, where these standards involved patented technology, the process of standard-setting raises many concerns at the intersection of antitrust and patent law. As patent holders advocate for their patents to become part of technological standards, how should courts police this activity to prevent patent holdup and other anti-competitive practices? This Note explores the differing approaches to remedies employed by the United States International Trade Commission and the United States District Courts where standard-essential patents are infringed. This Note further proposes that ...


Holding Up And Holding Out, Colleen V. Chien Oct 2015

Holding Up And Holding Out, Colleen V. Chien

Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review

Patent “hold-up” and patent “hold-out” present important, alternative theories for what ails the patent system. Patent “hold-up” occurs when a patent owner sues a company when it is most vulnerable—after it has implemented a technology—and is able wrest a settlement because it is too late for the company to change course. Patent “hold-out” is the practice of companies routinely ignoring patents and resisting patent owner demands because the odds of getting caught are small. Hold-up has arguably predicted the current patent crises, and the ex ante assertion of technology patents whether in the smartphone war, standards, or patent ...


Extract From Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary Of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Sept. 2015), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, Seth Barrett Tillman Sep 2015

Extract From Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary Of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th Ed. Forthcoming Circa Sept. 2015), Citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment On Shall And May, Seth Barrett Tillman

Seth Barrett Tillman

This is an extract from Brian Hunt, Murdoch's Dictionary of Irish Law (Dublin, Bloomsbury Professional 6th ed. forthcoming circa Sept. 2015), citing Tillman & Tillman's A Fragment on Shall and May.

[May 12, 2014]


Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, Yehezkel Margalit May 2015

Scarce Medical Resources – Parenthood At Every Age, In Every Case And Subsidized By The State?, Yehezkel Margalit

Hezi Margalit

The dilemma of scarce medical resources is deeply rooted in the ancient mankind history, but it has been accelerated in the modern era with the appearance of the bio-medical innovations. This acute dilemma is relevant to all the western developed states, include Israel. Nevertheless, in one field there is the notion that Israel has unlimited medical resources – the fulfillment of its citizen's procreation and parenthood rights. Thus, for sociological, demographical, religious and security reasons the State of Israel invests a vast amount of money to develop and use the various fertility treatments. Israel, today, has the highest per capita ...


Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, Amy Sepinwall Apr 2015

Conscience And Complicity: Assessing Pleas For Religious Exemptions In Hobby Lobby's Wake, Amy Sepinwall

Amy J. Sepinwall

In the paradigmatic case of conscientious objection, the objector claims that his religion forbids him from actively participating in a wrong (e.g., by fighting in a war). In the religious challenges to the Affordable Care Act’s employer mandate, on the other hand, employers claim that their religious convictions forbid them from merely subsidizing insurance through which their employees might commit a wrong (e.g., by using contraception). The understanding of complicity underpinning these challenges is vastly more expansive than what standard legal doctrine or moral theory contemplates. Courts routinely reject claims of conscientious objection to taxes that fund ...


Una Teoría Global Del Derecho. Algunas Propuestas Ante La Crisis De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño Apr 2015

Una Teoría Global Del Derecho. Algunas Propuestas Ante La Crisis De La Tradición Jurídica Occidental, Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

Juan Pablo Pampillo Baliño

No abstract provided.


Driving Into The Unknown: Examining The Crossroads Of Criminal Law And Autonomous Vehicles, Jeffrey K. Gurney Apr 2015

Driving Into The Unknown: Examining The Crossroads Of Criminal Law And Autonomous Vehicles, Jeffrey K. Gurney

Jeffrey K Gurney

This Article examines the application of criminal law to autonomous vehicles. The Article applies the general purposes of punishment to criminal laws which intersect with autonomous vehicles. These laws include: (1) rules of the road; (2) driving under the influence; (3) reckless driving; (4) vehicular manslaughter; (5) location specific crimes; and (6) physical and virtual interference with a vehicle. This Article provides an overview of how a violation of these criminal laws will be treated under current criminal law, and then it argues that current law should be amended because the current application of criminal and traffic laws to autonomous ...


Extract From Derek T. Muller, Scrutinizing Federal Electoral Qualifications, Indiana Law Journal (Forthcoming Circa Mar. 2015), Citing Tillman's Why Our Next President May Keep His Or Her Senate Seat, Seth Barrett Tillman Mar 2015

Extract From Derek T. Muller, Scrutinizing Federal Electoral Qualifications, Indiana Law Journal (Forthcoming Circa Mar. 2015), Citing Tillman's Why Our Next President May Keep His Or Her Senate Seat, Seth Barrett Tillman

Seth Barrett Tillman

Extract from Derek T. Muller, Scrutinizing Federal Electoral Qualifications, 90 Ind. L.J. (forthcoming circa Mar. 2015) (manuscript at 1 n.*, 8 n.21, 12 n.60), citing Tillman's Why Our Next President May Keep His or Her Senate Seat.

[September 1, 2014]


Less Enforcement, More Compliance, Emily Ryo Mar 2015

Less Enforcement, More Compliance, Emily Ryo

Emily Ryo

A common assumption underlying the current public discourse and legal treatment of unauthorized immigrants is that unauthorized immigrants are lawless individuals who will break the law—any law—in search of economic gain. This notion persists despite substantial empirical evidence to the contrary. This Article examines unauthorized immigrants and their relationship to the law from a novel perspective with original empirical data to make two major contributions. First, I demonstrate that unauthorized immigrants view themselves and their noncompliance with U.S. immigration law in a manner that is strikingly different from the prevalent view of criminality and lawlessness found in ...


The Open Access Advantage For American Law Reviews, James M. Donovan, Carol A. Watson, Caroline Osborne Mar 2015

The Open Access Advantage For American Law Reviews, James M. Donovan, Carol A. Watson, Caroline Osborne

James M. Donovan

Open access legal scholarship generates a prolific discussion, but few empirical details have been available to describe the scholarly impact of providing unrestricted access to law review articles. The present project fills this gap with specific findings on what authors and law reviews can expect.

Articles available in open access formats enjoy an advantage in citation by subsequent law review works of 53%. For every two citations an article would otherwise receive, it can expect a third when made freely available on the Internet. This benefit is not uniformly spread through the law school tiers. Higher tier journals experience a ...


Broker-Dealer: A Fiduciary By Any Other Name?, William Alan Nelson Ii Mar 2015

Broker-Dealer: A Fiduciary By Any Other Name?, William Alan Nelson Ii

William Alan Nelson II

Broker-dealers, unlike investment advisers, are not regulated as fiduciaries when providing investment advice, even though broker-dealers are holding themselves out as financial advisors and offering virtually identical services to investors. The lack of consistent regulation of financial service providers arises from the structure in which advice historically has been delivered. Financial services regulation since the Great Depression has developed along roughly dual tracks: laws governing the sale of financial products, which may or may not require that the products be suitable for the customer, and laws governing investment advice, which impose a fiduciary requirement on the adviser to act solely ...


The Open Access Advantage For American Law Reviews, Carol A. Watson, James M. Donovan, Caroline Osborne Mar 2015

The Open Access Advantage For American Law Reviews, Carol A. Watson, James M. Donovan, Caroline Osborne

Scholarly Works

Open access legal scholarship generates a prolific discussion, but few empirical details have been available to describe the scholarly impact of providing unrestricted access to law review articles. The present project ills this gap with specific findings on what authors and law reviews can expect.

Articles available in open access formats enjoy an advantage in citation by subsequent law review works of 53%. For every two citations an article would otherwise receive, it can expect a third when made freely available on the Internet. This benefit is not uniformly spread through the law school tiers. Higher tier journals experience a ...


Political Contestability And Contract Rigidity: An Analysis Of Procurement Contracts, Marian W. Moszoro Feb 2015

Political Contestability And Contract Rigidity: An Analysis Of Procurement Contracts, Marian W. Moszoro

Law & Economics Workshop

No abstract provided.


A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins Jd, Llm, Jennifer L. Chapman Jd, Cpa, Jason M. Gordon Jd, Mba Feb 2015

A Whole New World: Income Tax Considerations Of The Bitcoin Economy, Benjamin W. Akins Jd, Llm, Jennifer L. Chapman Jd, Cpa, Jason M. Gordon Jd, Mba

Benjamin W. Akins

Bitcoin is a virtual, cryptocurrency growing rapidly in influence throughout the world. Numerous characteristics associated with the bitcoin system, including low transaction costs and greater user privacy, make it appealing as a medium of electronic payment. The number of users of bitcoin, including merchants accepting the currency as a form of payment, has grown considerably in recent years. Estimates indicate that there are more than 60,000 active bitcoin users as of September 2012, with nearly 11 million bitcoins in existence. According to the latest estimates, bitcoin market capitalization is roughly $9 billion. The growth of bitcoin as an accepted ...


Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii Feb 2015

Take It Or Leave It: Unconscionability Of Mandatory Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreements In The Securities Industry, William Alan Nelson Ii

William Alan Nelson II

The pervasive use of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements in the securities industry is a relatively new phenomenon. However, research reflects that an overwhelming majority of retail brokerage and investment advisory agreements include language requiring that all disputes between the customer and the broker-dealer / investment adviser be resolved through arbitration – most often with Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Dispute Resolution. Thus, only in rare instances can an investor open either a brokerage or investment advisory account without agreeing to submit to mandatory pre-dispute arbitration.

The enclosed article is the first to focus on the fairness of mandatory pre-dispute arbitration agreements through ...


Hassle, Jane Bambauer Feb 2015

Hassle, Jane Bambauer

Michigan Law Review

Before police perform a search or seizure, they typically must meet the probable cause or reasonable suspicion standard. Moreover, even if they meet the appropriate standard, their evidence must be individualized to the suspect and cannot rely on purely probabilistic inferences. Scholars and courts have long defended the distinction between individualized and purely probabilistic evidence, but existing theories of individualization fail to articulate principles that are descriptively accurate or normatively desirable. They overlook the only benefit that the individualization requirement can offer: reducing hassle. Hassle measures the chance that an innocent person will experience a search or seizure. Because some ...


Forcing Patent Claims, Tun-Jen Chiang Feb 2015

Forcing Patent Claims, Tun-Jen Chiang

Michigan Law Review

An enormous literature has criticized patent claims for being ambiguous. In this Article, I explain that this literature misunderstands the real problem: the fundamental concern is not that patent claims are ambiguous but that they are drafted by patentees with self-serving incentives to write claims in an overbroad manner. No one has asked why the patent system gives self-interested patentees the leading role in delineating the scope of their own patents. This Article makes two contributions to the literature. First, it explicitly frames the problem with patent claims as one of patentee self-interest rather than the intrinsic ambiguity of claim ...