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Full-Text Articles in Law

Table Of Contents Jul 2018

Table Of Contents

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


Title Page Jul 2018

Title Page

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


The First Amendment, The University And Conflict: An Introduction To The Symposium, Christina E. Wells Jul 2018

The First Amendment, The University And Conflict: An Introduction To The Symposium, Christina E. Wells

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Symposium addresses our continuing issues with campus speech conflicts. It aims to help us recognize that speech conflicts are not abstract disputes between ideas – Justice Holmes’s famous rhetoric notwithstanding. Rather our words and ideas represent underlying conflicts between very real people and groups. The speech we use may cause, exacerbate, or resolve conflicts. Sometimes the Supreme Court’s free speech doctrine can aid our understanding and resolution of these conflicts. Other times it cannot. Regardless, simply relying on a First Amendment frame – i.e., claiming that it is one’s right to express oneself in a par-ticular way ...


Resolving Conflict On Campus: A Case Study On Free Speech And Controversial Speakers, Benson Clayton T., J. Huff Jul 2018

Resolving Conflict On Campus: A Case Study On Free Speech And Controversial Speakers, Benson Clayton T., J. Huff

Journal of Dispute Resolution

By their very charge, institutions of higher education are intended to serve as venues for exploring personal ideologies, promoting intellectual curiosity, and en-couraging vigorous debate about contested issues. However, when an institution and its core values come into direct conflict with viewpoints that are fundamentally inconsistent with those values, the dissonance created by the clash of perspectives can be profound. Fundamental differences in perspective on highly charged issues and topics have become recurring themes for universities in the United States. From campus speakers, to speaker protests, to demonstrations in support of free speech and a range of other inclusion and ...


Generating A Dissolution Process At The University Of Missouri: A Student Perspective, Evonnia S. Woods Jul 2018

Generating A Dissolution Process At The University Of Missouri: A Student Perspective, Evonnia S. Woods

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Although student protests and campus politics during the Fall of 2015 on the University of Missouri’s flagship campus were far more complex than depicted in the media, the point remains that student protests revealed many shortcomings of the University. One of these shortcomings was the lack of a policy-driven dissolution process which, amongst other things, resulted in national critique of how student protests and student demands were handled.


Free Speech Conflict: What We Learned At Middlebury College, Baishakhi Taylor Jul 2018

Free Speech Conflict: What We Learned At Middlebury College, Baishakhi Taylor

Journal of Dispute Resolution

On February 16, Middlebury’s President, Dr. Laurie L. Patton, received an invitation from a student group called the American Enterprise Institute Club (AEI) to give opening remarks at a lecture by a speaker they had invited to campus. The Club was Middlebury’s student chapter of the AEI,8 a conservative think-tank based in Washington, D.C., which has student clubs all across the coun-try. The speaker was Dr. Charles Murray, an American political scientist who is now an AEI emeritus scholar. This was not Dr. Murray’s first visit to the College. He had previously visited the campus ...


Beyond The Narratives: How Free Speech In Higher Education Is Truly Restricted, Azhar Majeed Jul 2018

Beyond The Narratives: How Free Speech In Higher Education Is Truly Restricted, Azhar Majeed

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Over the past year, much of the national conversation surrounding freedom of speech on college campuses has focused on controversial speakers, including those invited by students or student groups as well as those appearing on campus without an invitation. The debate continues to rage on as to whether university communities should allow allegedly offensive speakers to come to campus and spew their hateful views; whether universities have an obligation to foot the bill for the security they deem necessary to host such an event; and whether disruptions of speaker events are indicative of decreased tolerance on the part of today ...


Our Obligation: Protecting Free Speech And Fostering Inclusive Environments, Patricia Telles-Irvin Jul 2018

Our Obligation: Protecting Free Speech And Fostering Inclusive Environments, Patricia Telles-Irvin

Journal of Dispute Resolution

There is much discussion and debate these days on college campuses on how to protect freedom of expression while, at the same time, cultivate an inclusive en-vironment that promotes learning for all members of the community. While it is clear that freedom of expression is fundamental to the mission of an institution of higher education, creating an inclusive community can be challenging when toxic speech, under the protection of the First Amendment, aims only to demean and marginalize groups of individuals with no true redeeming value to advance knowledge. If our core mission is to educate by allowing the expression ...


Framing Campus Free Expression Conflict Through A Dispute Resolution Optic: Insights For Campus Leaders, Robert H. Jerry Ii Jul 2018

Framing Campus Free Expression Conflict Through A Dispute Resolution Optic: Insights For Campus Leaders, Robert H. Jerry Ii

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Essay, with campus leaders as its intended audience (i.e., presidents, chancellors, provosts, deans, department chairs, and faculty, staff, and student governance leaders), maintains that acquaintance with constructs familiar to dispute resolution scholars and practitioners can deepen understanding of free expression conflict on college campuses, increase self-awareness and enhance leaders’ ability to act consciously and purposively in response to conflict, and help equip campus leaders with useful tools for managing conflict when it arises. This Essay will stress framing, but many constructs in the dispute resolution field illuminate the techniques and skills campus leaders need if they are to ...


“It All Started With A Mouse”: Resolving International Trademark Disputes Using Arbitration, Ashlyn Calhoun Jul 2018

“It All Started With A Mouse”: Resolving International Trademark Disputes Using Arbitration, Ashlyn Calhoun

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Comment will address how arbitration can resolve international trademark disputes by examining the nature of both international disputes and trademark disputes. In order to do so, Part II will discuss the nature of domestic and international trademark disputes. Part III will examine the benefits of using arbitration in place of litigation. Finally, Part IV will evaluate the use of arbitration to resolve trademark disputes.


The Jury Is Out: Mandating Pre-Treatment Arbitration Clauses In Patient Intake Contracts, Sarah Sachs Jul 2018

The Jury Is Out: Mandating Pre-Treatment Arbitration Clauses In Patient Intake Contracts, Sarah Sachs

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Comment advocates against the use of mandatory arbitration clauses in healthcare providers’ patient intake contracts and discusses the interplay between federal and state statutes that create disparities in enforceability and unenforceability of mandatory arbitration clauses in state courts. Part II discusses the history of mandatory arbitration and its development in healthcare providers’ patient intake contracts. Part III examines state statutory limitations on pre-treatment arbitration clauses. Finally, Part IV addresses how courts analyze these agreements and possible approaches to avoid mandatory arbitration arising in healthcare providers’ patient intake contracts.


Journal Description Jul 2018

Journal Description

Journal of Dispute Resolution

No abstract provided.


The Centrality Of Ongoing Relationships, Jacob Appelsmith Jul 2018

The Centrality Of Ongoing Relationships, Jacob Appelsmith

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Should anyone feel positive after a day of discussing the First Amendment in the context of threats to American universities and colleges from Nazis, white su-premacists, anarchists, and others using the campus as the staging ground for disruption and violence? Yes, because it was clear from the Center for the Study of Dispute Resolution’s (“CSDR”) Symposium, at the University of Missouri School of Law, that the evolution in thought over the past year on how institutions of higher education should handle these challenges is truly remarkable. The speakers as a body demonstrated that if an institution is thoughtful in ...


Four Questions About Free Speech And Campus Conflict, Jennifer Gerarda Brown Jul 2018

Four Questions About Free Speech And Campus Conflict, Jennifer Gerarda Brown

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Rather than presenting theories or truths about free speech and campus conflict, this Essay instead offers four questions—derived from lessons I have learned as a teacher, scholar, and practitioner of dispute resolution—that might shed some light on best practices in campus free speech disputes. These are considerations one might want to take into account before deciding who may speak, what they may say, and how those questions ought to be answered in any given situation. The four questions are these: What is the context for this dispute? Do the parties have an ongoing relationship? Is it fair to ...


The Modern Arbitration Frankenstein: The Rise And Fall Of The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S Arbitration Rule, Nick Leyh Jul 2018

The Modern Arbitration Frankenstein: The Rise And Fall Of The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’S Arbitration Rule, Nick Leyh

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Comment will analyze the CFPB’s proposed rule prohibiting companies from including a ban on class actions within their arbitration provisions. The CFPB’s proposed rule5 has created a political firestorm, resulting in strong opposition to the ban on class action waivers amongst both House and Senate legislators. Further, the current proposed rule has already been rejected by the House, utilizing the Congressional Review Act, an act passed in 1996 that allows the legislature to “fast-track” votes on legislation with only a simple majority from both houses of Congress, to enable a vote. The debate that surrounded the rule ...


“Hardly Be Said To Offer An Education At All”: Endrew And Its Impact On Special Education Mediation, Grant Simon Jul 2018

“Hardly Be Said To Offer An Education At All”: Endrew And Its Impact On Special Education Mediation, Grant Simon

Journal of Dispute Resolution

As the standards for special education students in America rise, the need to handle the resulting disputes arises as well. Special education disputes are a common yet emotional process for all parties involved. Such disputes can result in a split between the family and the school district- a split that can potentially leave negative consequences on the student. In 1975, Congress, realizing the personal nature and prevalence of special education issues, passed what would become the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The IDEA offers states federal funds to assist in educating children with disabilities. This Act also authorizes the ...


Private Universities And The First Amendment, Ben Trachtenberg Jul 2018

Private Universities And The First Amendment, Ben Trachtenberg

Journal of Dispute Resolution

This Article questions whether private colleges and universities should act as though the First Amendment applies to them in the same way it constrains the policy of public colleges and universities. Specifically, the Article examines the common suggestion—by laypersons, lawyers, and scholars alike—that private universities ought to tolerate offensive, hateful, bigoted speech because the values animating First Amendment jurisprudence are similar to those guiding the decisions of good universities committed to free inquiry and the open exchange of ideas. It then notes that this suggestion, while commonly made, is rarely defended with much rigor or vigor. The Article ...


Masthead Jun 2018

Masthead

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

No abstract provided.


You Down With Mwbe? Yeah You Know Me: A Summary Of The Mbe, Wbe, And Dbe Programs In The State Of Missouri, Shomari Benton, David Lloyd Jun 2018

You Down With Mwbe? Yeah You Know Me: A Summary Of The Mbe, Wbe, And Dbe Programs In The State Of Missouri, Shomari Benton, David Lloyd

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

The State of Missouri and Missouri municipalities want to encourage minority and women owned businesses in their communities. The governments have created formalized programs to utilize these businesses. The purpose of these programs is to increase participation of women, minority, and other historically disadvantaged businesses in government related contracts. To bid upon or enter into government related contracts, minority, women, and other historically disadvantaged groups must apply for and receive program certification by different government entities. The certification application and process can be confusing, time consuming, and costly. But with guidance, can be navigated and be beneficial to minority and ...


The New Blame Game: How Airbnb Has Been Mis-Regulated As The Scapegoat For Century-Old Problems, Kenyon Briggs Jun 2018

The New Blame Game: How Airbnb Has Been Mis-Regulated As The Scapegoat For Century-Old Problems, Kenyon Briggs

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

Mis-regulation occurs when regulation does not fix the problem it was enacted to solve. This article first looks at what sort of issues regulation is capable of fixing. After that, a regulatory framework is provided that urges policymakers to only enact regulation that provides the greatest net benefit for all involved. In the case of Airbnb, two-way reputational mechanisms — the ability to rate the other party, usually through a public “five-star” rating system — has solved most of the problems regulation is capable of curing. Then, the article analyzes the current anti-Airbnb laws in New York City and San Francisco, and ...


Picking Cotton For Pennies: An Exploration Into The Law’S Modern Endorsement Of A Free-Prison Workforce, Renee Elaine Henson Jun 2018

Picking Cotton For Pennies: An Exploration Into The Law’S Modern Endorsement Of A Free-Prison Workforce, Renee Elaine Henson

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

The Thirteenth Amendment made slavery unconstitutional, but also created an exception where “[n]either slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” This carve-out opened the door for prison-dependent companies to make handsome profits from large scale prison labor. Inmates must work full time in demanding conditions, and are paid nominally in return. Inmates do not receive minimum wages because they are excluded from the protections of the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) through judicial interpretation. Low ...


Rsp Redux: Is Irc Section 83’S Overreach “In [C]Onnection With The [P]Erformance Of [S]Ervices” The Real “[U]Nwarranted And [U]Nintended” Result?, Charles F. Mccormick Jun 2018

Rsp Redux: Is Irc Section 83’S Overreach “In [C]Onnection With The [P]Erformance Of [S]Ervices” The Real “[U]Nwarranted And [U]Nintended” Result?, Charles F. Mccormick

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

This article analyzes the effects of IRC § 83 from the perspective of those most often subject to it. While § 83 remains a critical tax consideration for entrepreneurs, this article concludes that § 83 has become, in practice, a solution searching for a problem that in fact causes more problems than it solves. Drafters of § 83 believed they were closing a significant loophole regarding the taxation of executive compensation. Looking at the problem legislators believed they were solving in the context of contemporary executive compensation structures, it is hard to understand what the actual problem was. Section 83(b) was supposed to ...


A Comparison Between The U.S. And Japan Concerning The Tax Treatment Of Prepaid Income, Hiroshi Noguchi Jun 2018

A Comparison Between The U.S. And Japan Concerning The Tax Treatment Of Prepaid Income, Hiroshi Noguchi

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

This article examines the crucial distinctions of methodology between the U.S. and the Japanese tax laws with respect to the timing for recognizing income. In addition, it studies the advantages and disadvantages of both tax treatment methods concerning prepaid income. As a result, it concludes that the advantages of Japanese tax law concerning prepaid income outweigh those of the American tax law. This article also suggests that U.S. tax law could borrow the Japanese mentality regarding the tax treatment of prepaid income.


Information Rights — A Survey, Allen Sparkman Jun 2018

Information Rights — A Survey, Allen Sparkman

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

This paper traces the development of the rights of owners of entities to examine and copy the entity’s books and records. The paper then surveys the current state of the law for corporations, limited liability companies, limited partnerships, and partnerships and makes recommendations.


Employees Beware: How Sb 43 Takes Missouri Anti-Discrimination Law Too Far, Emily Crane Jun 2018

Employees Beware: How Sb 43 Takes Missouri Anti-Discrimination Law Too Far, Emily Crane

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

SB 43 passed through the Missouri Legislature and was signed into law by Governor Eric Greitens on June 30, 2017. Ostensibly intended to bring Missouri’s anti-discrimination law in line with analogous federal law, SB 43 amended the Missouri Human Rights Act and thereby improperly increased the legal burden on employment discrimination plaintiffs. This article examines the causation standards under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Americans with Disabilities Act and contrasts those with the newly-amended Missouri Human Rights Act to demonstrate just how far Missouri law has gone. In so doing, this article ultimately ...


Hollywood’S Red Dawn: China’S Restrictions On American Film, Taylor Shortal Jun 2018

Hollywood’S Red Dawn: China’S Restrictions On American Film, Taylor Shortal

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

The Chinese film market has undergone unprecedented expansion in the past 17 years. As North American box office revenues drop, Hollywood film studios often rely on the Chinese market to balance the costs of blockbuster films. However, Beijing maintains strict regulations on China’s film imports, including annual quotas on the number of foreign films released, and limits on the share of grosses. Hollywood studios can receive from their films, and content censorship based on Communist Party directives. Many of these regulations are designed to incentivize Hollywood studios to co-produce films with Chinese companies. Through co-production agreements, Beijing anticipates that ...


Overtime Overruled: Why The New Department Of Labor Overtime Regulations Should Not Go Into Effect, Morgan Westhues Jun 2018

Overtime Overruled: Why The New Department Of Labor Overtime Regulations Should Not Go Into Effect, Morgan Westhues

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

The United States Department of Labor recently revised its overtime regulations for white collar workers to keep up with the changing economy and inflation. While the salary level for who can receive overtime pay needs to be elevated, the proposed elevation to the salary level under the Obama Administration is too drastic. The proposed overtime regulations essentially double the current salary level for overtime eligibility. This drastic increase is already having negative effects on employees, even though it has not yet gone into effect. To prepare for the new regulations to take effect, employers have begun to find ways around ...


Table Of Contents Jun 2018

Table Of Contents

The Business, Entrepreneurship & Tax Law Review

No abstract provided.


Dispute Resolution In The Digital Age - Online Dispute Resolution, Amy J. Schmitz May 2018

Dispute Resolution In The Digital Age - Online Dispute Resolution, Amy J. Schmitz

Open Educational Resources

Dispute Resolution in the Digital Age includes the resources created and used by Professor Amy J. Schmitz at the University of Missouri School of Law to teach online dispute resolution. These materials are created as as open educational resources under a Creative Commons BY-NC 4.0 license. The materials may be shared and adapted as long as Prof. Schmitz receives attribution and the use is non-commercial.


Value And Judgment In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Frederic Gilles Sourgens Jan 2018

Value And Judgment In Investment Treaty Arbitration, Frederic Gilles Sourgens

Journal of Dispute Resolution

Are international treaties consenting to the resolution of disputes between foreign investors and the host states to their investment still a good idea? Recent and not so recent criticism of such treaty provisions calls into question whether investor-state tribunals can act as neutral arbiters of such disputes. This criticism argues that tribunals are biased in favor of the business interests of investors—and therefore disfavor the state’s right to regulate. Responses to this criticism frequently have alleged the opposite: The arbitral tribunals constituted under international treaties are, if anything, too friendly towards the interests of states. They fail to ...