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Full-Text Articles in Law

Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones Apr 2023

Privacy And Property: Constitutional Concerns Of Dna Dragnet Testing, E. Wyatt Jones

Honors Projects

DNA dragnets have attracted both public and scholarly criticisms that have yet to be resolved by the Courts. This review will introduce a modern understanding of DNA analysis, a complete introduction to past and present Fourth and Fourteenth Amendment jurisprudence, and existing suggestions concerning similar issues in legal scholarship. Considering these contexts, this review concludes that a focus on privacy and property at once, with a particular sensitivity to the inseverable relationship between the two interests, is Constitutionally consistent with precedent and the most workable means of answering the question at hand.


Determining What’S Not Obvious: Should A Reasonable Expectation Of Success Invalidate Patent Applications?, Natalie Peters Feb 2023

Determining What’S Not Obvious: Should A Reasonable Expectation Of Success Invalidate Patent Applications?, Natalie Peters

University of Massachusetts Law Review

Patents are necessary to incentivize innovation because they grant owners the right to protect inventions. To be patentable, an invention must be useful, it must be novel, and it must not be obvious. But the judiciary has struggled to apply the latter requirement, non-obviousness, particularly for highly technical innovations subject to FDA regulations. For these innovations, the progression through the regulatory jungle can take ten to twenty years and millions of dollars (2.6 billion for a pharmaceutical drug). The complexities of the regulatory process can also render an innovation unprotected by patent rights because, by the end of the process, …


The Consequence Of Final Causality: Competing Views Of Legal Teleology, Jonathan M. Dumdei Jan 2023

The Consequence Of Final Causality: Competing Views Of Legal Teleology, Jonathan M. Dumdei

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

Philosophy of law and legal jurisprudence have received recent attention in the United States due to the significant change in the makeup of the Supreme Court. Historical understanding of the legal philosophies that have influenced the U.S. and the ancient principles upon which they are built must of necessity be properly assessed. This thesis proposes that Aquinas’s conception of Natural Law as the basis for legal teleology provides a superior grounding for American jurisprudence than the theories of legal positivism and critical legal theory due to the superiority of Natural Law’s integration of ultimate final causes. Through a survey of …


Sanksi Hukuman Mati Bagi Penyalahguna Narkotika Dalam Perspektif Ham Berdasarkan Konstitusi, Dharma Rozali Azhar D Jan 2023

Sanksi Hukuman Mati Bagi Penyalahguna Narkotika Dalam Perspektif Ham Berdasarkan Konstitusi, Dharma Rozali Azhar D

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The death penalty is a legal act that is legitimized by the state. In the context of the constitution, the death penalty has created a contradiction in the norms in Article 28 I paragraph (1) and Article 28 J paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) which specifically focus on the right to life as a fundamental right that is very fundamental and divine in nature and the right to life of people. others who also may not be removed by anyone on purpose for any reason. The death penalty in the context of narcotics does not aim to repay crime for …


Intraparty Conflict And The Separation Of Powers, Gregory A. Elinson Jan 2023

Intraparty Conflict And The Separation Of Powers, Gregory A. Elinson

College of Law Faculty Publications

Intent on reconciling constitutional theory to political reality, public law scholars have in recent decades dismissed as naïve both the logic of the Constitution’s design set forth in The Federalist and the Framers’ dismal view of political parties. They argue that contrary to the Madisonian vision competition between our two national political parties undergirds the horizontal and vertical separation of powers. But, in calling attention to the fights that take place between political parties, they underestimate the constitutional significance of the conflicts that persist within them. Reconsidering the law and theory of the separation of powers with attention to intraparty …


Brief For Lorianne Updike Toler As Amicus Curiae Supporting Neither Party, Gorge Design Group, Llc V. Xuansheng, Lorianne Updike Toler, Lawrence A. Stein Dec 2022

Brief For Lorianne Updike Toler As Amicus Curiae Supporting Neither Party, Gorge Design Group, Llc V. Xuansheng, Lorianne Updike Toler, Lawrence A. Stein

College of Law Faculty Publications

The Patent and Copyright Clause in the Constitution was designed to stimulate the economy by promoting “the Progress of Science and useful Arts,” and was also limited to that purpose. Insofar as the economy was not stimulated and promoted in the United States, the Clause had a limit. Thus the Patent and Copyright Clause was not thought to be absolute by its Framers, and was bounded geographically, temporally, and to those inventions that were useful. Under the Fifth Amendment, both the Takings and Due Process Clauses protecting property derived from the Magna Carta of 1215. Since this time, the Takings …


Politik Hukum Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Indonesia, Anita Anita Dec 2022

Politik Hukum Dalam Penegakan Hukum Di Indonesia, Anita Anita

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Law is a guide and rules related to the concept of social life and will always be in accordance with the conditions of society. Law is a demand to be able to provide justice, meaning that the law is always faced with the question of whether the law can bring about justice. In relation to the legal concept, legal politics is defined as an activity that determines the patterns and methods of shaping law, supervises the operation of the law, and reforms the law for the purposes of the State. Therefore, law is a determinant of politics, and is also …


American Voter Turnout: The Influence Of Education Levels On Voter Participation, Jack Thomas Bunzel-Hardie Nov 2022

American Voter Turnout: The Influence Of Education Levels On Voter Participation, Jack Thomas Bunzel-Hardie

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

This study is intended to explore the relevant relationship between mistrust in government officials and voter turnout. Within a research article such as this, it is important to distinguish the dependent and independent factors from one another so as not to get them confused. This article identifies the growing sense of mistrust that many Americans feel towards their government officials as the independent factor while examining the relationship that voter turnout has with that growing fear, therefore making that the dependent variable. While this issue has been studied in the past there have been many new events taking place and …


Restraint Of Polygamy In Jurisprudence And Law: A Comparative Study, Qais Abdul Wahab Issa Dr. Nov 2022

Restraint Of Polygamy In Jurisprudence And Law: A Comparative Study, Qais Abdul Wahab Issa Dr.

مجلة جامعة الإمارات للبحوث القانونية UAEU LAW JOURNAL

Polygamy is a subject addressed in Sharia that has been established by the Holy Quran and the Prophetic Sunnah. Islamic jurists have debated about this subject in terms of its obligation, permissibility and revocability. To enjoy this right, a man has to be obligated to the legal controls, such that he should be able to maintain more than a wife. Moreover, this person is to take into account social, economic, psychological and health-related aspects of his life and make sure that he is able to maintain justice between all his wives. Furthermore, the man must have no more than four …


"A Sword In The Bed": Bringing An End To The Fusion Of Law And Equity, Brooks M. Chupp Nov 2022

"A Sword In The Bed": Bringing An End To The Fusion Of Law And Equity, Brooks M. Chupp

Notre Dame Law Review

Those who called for the fusion of law and equity have, throughout the years, argued that the existence of a parallel court system for equity would be inefficient and confusing for parties. While there is limited merit to this viewpoint, the United States has been willing to create courts of limited jurisdiction to hear cases of a highly specialized or technical nature in other areas of the law (for example, tax and bankruptcy). This Note argues that the specialized-courts approach is viable as it relates to equity and that it is, in fact, preferable to the current system. This Note …


The New Rule To Deter Slapps, Robert A. Kudlicki Iii Nov 2022

The New Rule To Deter Slapps, Robert A. Kudlicki Iii

Northern Illinois Law Review Supplement

A Strategic Lawsuit Against Public Participation (SLAPP) serves to intimidate and chill the speech of defendants who are engaged in First Amendment protected forms of speech and press. A SLAPP is not filed with the intention of presenting a legitimate claim against a defendant; rather, it serves only to silence. Defendants face significant litigation costs during a SLAPP; thus, they become fearful of speaking out and criticizing the plaintiff again in the future. While some jurisdictions have protections against SLAPP suits, others have no protection or only limited forms of protection from SLAPP suits. This article proposes creating a new …


Beyond #Freebritney: A Legal Analysis Of The Conservatorship System In The United States, Ashleigh M. Zurek Nov 2022

Beyond #Freebritney: A Legal Analysis Of The Conservatorship System In The United States, Ashleigh M. Zurek

Northern Illinois University Law Review

In this article the author will explore the state of conservatorships in the United States and how, too often, individuals with disabilities are abused and taken advantage of in this structure. The author will discuss particular areas of conservatorship abuse, including: financial abuse, physical abuse, exploitation, and death. The author will then proceed to discuss potential solutions to curb conservatorship abuse and how best to improve the conservatorship system in the United States. Particular solutions discussed include: special needs trusts, federal legislation (past, current, and future), and supported decision-making.


In The Face Of The Robot, David J. Gunkel Oct 2022

In The Face Of The Robot, David J. Gunkel

communication +1

“Robot” designates something that does not quite fit the standard way of organizing beings into the mutually exclusive categories of “person” or “thing.” The figure of the robot interrupts this fundamental organizing schema, resisting efforts at both reification and personification. Consequently, what is seen reflected in the face or faceplate of the robot is the fact that the existing moral and legal ontology—the way that we make sense of and organize our world—is already broken or at least straining against its own limitations. What is needed in response to this robot uprising is a significantly reformulated moral and legal ontology …


Estimated Expertise In The Law Of The Principles Of Sharia No. 31. Of The Year 1959 And The Legal Modifications Until The Year 2016 Legal Jurisprudence Study, Walid Baklizi Oct 2022

Estimated Expertise In The Law Of The Principles Of Sharia No. 31. Of The Year 1959 And The Legal Modifications Until The Year 2016 Legal Jurisprudence Study, Walid Baklizi

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

This study focuses on the estimated expertise and its roll in achieving justice. And due to the fact of courts corridors filling up with suits that lack the estimated expertise to end litigations, so there were the need to shine the lights on the Estimated expertise in law of the principles of sharia and jurisprudence to indicate the differences and similarities, to show the development of law of the principles of sharia and through its later modifying articles.

This study took the rooting of estimated expertise, its’concept, the terms of experts and finally the estimating in law suits that needed …


Collaborative Constructions: Designing High School History Curriculum With The Lost & Found Game Series, Owen Gottlieb, Shawn Clybor Oct 2022

Collaborative Constructions: Designing High School History Curriculum With The Lost & Found Game Series, Owen Gottlieb, Shawn Clybor

Articles

This chapter addresses design research and iterative curriculum design for the Lost & Found games series. The Lost & Found card-to-mobile series is set in Fustat (Old Cairo) in the twelfth century and focuses on religious laws of the period. The first two games focus on Moses Maimonides’ Mishneh Torah, a key Jewish law code. A new expansion module which was in development at the time of the fieldwork described in this article that introduces Islamic laws of the period, and a mobile prototype of the initial strategy game has been developed with support National Endowment for the Humanities. The …


What Web3 Means For Lawyers' Ethical Duties, Heidi L. Frostestad Oct 2022

What Web3 Means For Lawyers' Ethical Duties, Heidi L. Frostestad

College of Law Faculty Publications

Evolving technologies are one of the greatest issues of our time and continue to affect legal practice at a rapid rate, exponentially changing the structure of law firms and traditional practice.


Zero Textbook Cost Syllabus For Com 3045 (Communication, Law, And Free Speech), Donovan Bisbee Oct 2022

Zero Textbook Cost Syllabus For Com 3045 (Communication, Law, And Free Speech), Donovan Bisbee

Open Educational Resources

From pornography to political speech, from the lewd to the libelous, and everywhere in between, the law is forever drawing lines that divide protected speech (what you can say in America) from unprotected speech (what you cannot say in America). This is an interdisciplinary course that draws on philosophical, legal, and rhetorical theories of communication to help explain how those lines are drawn. Readings include famous court cases involving freedom of speech, as well as political and philosophical writings on all sides of the free speech debate. This course is part of the required core for the Communication Studies Major, …


Reforming Copyright Or Toward Another Science? A More Human Rights-Oriented Approach Under The Rebspa In Constructing A "Right To Research" For Scholarly Publishing, Klaus Beiter Oct 2022

Reforming Copyright Or Toward Another Science? A More Human Rights-Oriented Approach Under The Rebspa In Constructing A "Right To Research" For Scholarly Publishing, Klaus Beiter

Joint PIJIP/TLS Research Paper Series

This article identifies copyright impediments existing in the sphere of science, to then make (tentative) suggestions as to how these may be overcome. It focuses on scholarly publishing only, and here primarily on digital content, specifically asking whether expensive commercial scholarly publishers continue to “add value” to research in the digital era. The deficits of copyright law and potential solutions thereto are assessed in the light of the right of everyone “to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications” (REBSPA) as laid down in Article 15(1)(b) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) of …


Introduction To Criminal Justice, Sindee Kerker Oct 2022

Introduction To Criminal Justice, Sindee Kerker

Lynn University Digital Press Books

This iBook, replete with innovative learning tools, explores the three components of the American criminal justice system: police, courts, and corrections. Divided into ten chapters, the highly interactive text discusses a wide range of topics. Subjects like what constitutes a crime, constitutional rights, contemporary lawn enforcement issue, administration of justice, the court system, and various forms of corrections: jails, prisons, intermediate sanctions, and the juvenile justice system are explored. Recurring components of the iBook include: introductory high-profile media cases which, YouTube videos detailing various criminal justice career options (over 20), a Fact vs. Fiction section highlighting common myths and misperceptions …


Municipalities Could Provide Valuable Second-Life Uses Of Electric Vehicle Li-Ion Batteries While Legislators And Manufacturers Refine Safe Recycling And Disposal Practices, Heather D. Stewart Sep 2022

Municipalities Could Provide Valuable Second-Life Uses Of Electric Vehicle Li-Ion Batteries While Legislators And Manufacturers Refine Safe Recycling And Disposal Practices, Heather D. Stewart

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

As consumers are embracing emerging electric vehicles (EVs) as an important step to take in combating climate change, the reality is that the EV solution has some serious short-term issues to address, especially when evaluating the lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) that power most EVs. This comment first discusses the potential problems associated with the lack of recycling and disposal technology as well as regulations that are available for EV LIBs. Even though consumers and regulators alike are supportive that fossil fuel-burning internal combustion engines need to be replaced with cleaner transportation options such as EVs, policies, and proclamations are still subject …


Addressing The Disproportionate Adverse Health Effects Among Bipoc Communities As A Result Of Environmental Racism, Lindsay M. Farbent Sep 2022

Addressing The Disproportionate Adverse Health Effects Among Bipoc Communities As A Result Of Environmental Racism, Lindsay M. Farbent

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

This article examines factors that contribute to the negative health impacts on Black Americans, other minorities, and low-income communities that are living in areas with high levels of air pollution, toxic waste, and environmental hazards. First, this article assesses the role of historical residential redlining on the segregation of BIPOC neighborhoods. Furthermore, the article addresses gaps in both federal and state environmental laws that allow facilities to keep obtaining permits and polluting in BIPOC and primarily low-income neighborhoods. Moreover, the article explains the higher rates of trauma, stress, and stress-related illnesses among BIPOC communities exposed to high levels of environmental …


Is Bitcoin The New Gold? The Two May Be More Similar Than You Think, Including Their Value, Uses, And Deleterious Effects On The Environment, Justin Allen Sep 2022

Is Bitcoin The New Gold? The Two May Be More Similar Than You Think, Including Their Value, Uses, And Deleterious Effects On The Environment, Justin Allen

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

In the 1850s, the Gold Rush started in the United States, and in 2010, an analogous phenomenon, the Cryptoboom, began. Similar to the Gold Rush, Bitcoin’s initial boom was marred by the deleterious effects that mining for valuable coins had on the environment, but there are steps that can be taken to mitigate the negative effect cryptocurrencies have on the environment. Cryptocurrencies, including Bitcoin and the blockchain technology that powers cryptocurrencies, have been widely embraced by many people, corporations, and even entire governments for a multitude of reasons. Some have embraced the fruits of blockchain to use as a decentralized …


Miami Is Setting The Expectation On How Coastal Communities In Florida Should Respond To Protect Homeowners From The Sinking State, Dayana B. Blanco Sep 2022

Miami Is Setting The Expectation On How Coastal Communities In Florida Should Respond To Protect Homeowners From The Sinking State, Dayana B. Blanco

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

This note begins by explaining what environmental factors are causing the sea level rise to increase at just a rapid pace and how coastal communities are ultimately affected. Because Florida is a slice of paradise within the states, it causes the population to increase vastly. Thus, millions of homeowners could face tragic consequences, such as total inundation of residential homes, flooding within the community, and a drastic decrease in home value. In response to this natural disaster, in 2021, Governor Ron DeSantis passed Senate Bill 1954 into law, which requires the Department of Environmental Protection to complete a statewide flood …


Congress Invests In A New Generation: The Future Of Commercial Fishing Is Supported By The Implementation Of The Young Fishermen’S Development Act, Shayla Alltop Sep 2022

Congress Invests In A New Generation: The Future Of Commercial Fishing Is Supported By The Implementation Of The Young Fishermen’S Development Act, Shayla Alltop

Environmental and Earth Law Journal (EELJ)

This note speaks to the importance and potential impact of the Young Fishermen’s Development Act. This ongoing, historical legislation, ultimately signed into law on January 5, 2021, will establish funds over several fiscal years to support the future of commercial fishing. The Alaska and New England regions are discussed briefly to show the significance of the commercial fishing industry to those areas. An overview of the Act is provided, and the context for its need is explained as it relates to the industry’s entrants. Further, the phenomenon known as “graying of the fleet” is examined, as well as some of …


Antiracist Lawyering In Practice Begins With The Practice Of Teaching And Learning Antiracism In Law School, Danielle M. Conway Sep 2022

Antiracist Lawyering In Practice Begins With The Practice Of Teaching And Learning Antiracism In Law School, Danielle M. Conway

Utah Law Review

I was honored by the invitation to deliver the 2021 Lee E. Teitelbaum keynote address. Dean Teitelbaum was a gentleman and a titan for justice. I am confident the antiracism work ongoing at the S.J. Quinney College of Law would have deeply resonated with him, especially knowing the challenges we are currently facing within and outside of legal education, the legal academy, and the legal profession. I am fortified in this work by Dean Elizabeth Kronk Warner’s commitment to antiracism and associated diversity, equity, and inclusion work. Finally, I applaud the students who serve on the Utah Law Review for …


User Guided Abductive Proof Generation For Answer Set Programming Queries, Avishkar Mahajan, Martin Strecker, Meng Weng (Huang Mingrong) Wong Sep 2022

User Guided Abductive Proof Generation For Answer Set Programming Queries, Avishkar Mahajan, Martin Strecker, Meng Weng (Huang Mingrong) Wong

Research Collection Yong Pung How School Of Law

We present a method for generating possible proofs of a query with respect to a given Answer Set Programming (ASP) rule set using an abductive process where the space of abducibles is automatically constructed just from the input rules alone. Given a (possibly empty) set of user provided facts, our method infers any additional facts that may be needed for the entailment of a query and then outputs these extra facts, without the user needing to explicitly specify the space of all abducibles. We also present a method to generate a set of directed edges corresponding to the justification graph …


The Role Of Recognition In Kelsen's Account Of Legal Obligation And Political Duty, David Ingram Sep 2022

The Role Of Recognition In Kelsen's Account Of Legal Obligation And Political Duty, David Ingram

Philosophy: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Kelsen’s critique of absolute sovereignty famously appeals to a basic norm of international recognition. However, in his discussion of legal obligation, generally speaking, he notoriously rejects mutual recognition as having any normative consequence. I argue that this apparent contradiction in Kelsen's estimate regarding the normative force of recognition is resolved in his dynamic account of the democratic generation of law. Democracy is embedded within a modern political ethos that obligates legal subjects to recognize each other along four dimensions: as contractors whose mutually beneficial cooperation measures esteem by fair standards of contribution; as autonomous agents endowed with equal rights; as …


Understanding Loss Of (Right To) Use Damages: Defining Fair And Reasonable Compensation For Loss Of Use In Light Of Historical Origins And Practical Considerations, Matthew J. Forrest Aug 2022

Understanding Loss Of (Right To) Use Damages: Defining Fair And Reasonable Compensation For Loss Of Use In Light Of Historical Origins And Practical Considerations, Matthew J. Forrest

Pace Law Review

Loss of use is fundamentally about the denial of property rights regardless of its intended use. Property ownership vests the owner with certain intrinsic rights, including the right to use or not use. When they are deprived of that choice through the tortious conduct of another, that deprivation is compensable. This Article reviews the historical origins of loss of use law to determine that tort victims denied the right to use their property must be compensated regardless of how they would have chosen to use their property. Because these damages do not depend on the owner’s actual use, loss of …


Contract Law Casebook Research Spreadsheet, Raza M. Husnain Aug 2022

Contract Law Casebook Research Spreadsheet, Raza M. Husnain

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This is a spreadsheet with case law and legal articles & commentaries that pertain to updates, interesting discussions, and critiques of Canadian contract law since 2017. This was done for the purpose of updating the Cases and Materials on Contract Law casebook used for first-year Western Law students. The focus of the research is on the Canadian context, but international sources, particularly those from commonwealth nations, are drawn from as well.


American Contagions: Unexpected Pasts, Unwieldy Presents, And Contested Futures, John Fabian Witt Aug 2022

American Contagions: Unexpected Pasts, Unwieldy Presents, And Contested Futures, John Fabian Witt

University of St. Thomas Law Journal

No abstract provided.