Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 5158

Full-Text Articles in Law

Professional Judgment In An Era Of Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning, Frank A. Pasquale Jan 2019

Professional Judgment In An Era Of Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning, Frank A. Pasquale

Faculty Scholarship

Though artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare and education now accomplishes diverse tasks, there are two features that tend to unite the information processing behind efforts to substitute it for professionals in these fields: reductionism and functionalism. True believers in substitutive automation tend to model work in human services by reducing the professional role to a set of behaviors initiated by some stimulus, which are intended to accomplish some predetermined goal, or maximize some measure of well-being. However, true professional judgment hinges on a way of knowing the world that is at odds with the epistemology of substitutive automation. Instead of ...


The Perils Of Philanthrocapitalism, Eric Franklin Amarante Dec 2018

The Perils Of Philanthrocapitalism, Eric Franklin Amarante

Maryland Law Review

For over a century, philosophers, politicians, and sociologists have bemoaned philanthropy’s inherent antidemocratic, paternalistic, and amateuristic aspects. The antidemocratic nature of philanthropy is self-evident: When a wealthy person determines the best way to address a societal problem without the input of either society at large or the intended beneficiaries of the philanthropy, the result is a deficit of democracy. Philanthropy’s amateurism stems from the illogical belief that wealthy individuals ought to address some of the world’s most complex and intransigent problems simply because they successfully amassed a fortune in the private sector. The paternalism critique focuses on ...


1-Click Energy: Managing Corporate Demand For Clean Power, Gina S. Warren Dec 2018

1-Click Energy: Managing Corporate Demand For Clean Power, Gina S. Warren

Maryland Law Review

Globally, more private businesses, especially Fortune 100 companies are generating their own electricity, investing in renewable energy facilities, and voluntarily purchasing renewable energy credits to cover their carbon footprints. This shift could have a significant impact on the existing energy delivery system. On the one hand, this shift shows positive momentum toward the incorporation of clean energy into a fossil fuel dominated grid. As the negative impacts of climate change accelerate around the globe, decreasing reliance on fossil fuels is certainly an important goal. On the other hand, corporate disruption of what has historically been a highly regulated public service ...


Platform Advocacy And The Threat To Deliberative Democracy, Abbey Stemler Dec 2018

Platform Advocacy And The Threat To Deliberative Democracy, Abbey Stemler

Maryland Law Review

Businesses have long tried to influence political outcomes, but today, there is a new and potent form of corporate political power—Platform Advocacy. Internet-based platforms, such as Facebook, Google, and Uber, mobilize their user bases through direct solicitation of support and the more troubling exploitation of irrational behavior. Platform Advocacy helps platforms push policy agendas that create favorable legal environments for themselves, thereby strengthening their own dominance in the marketplace. This new form of advocacy will have radical effects on deliberative democracy.

In the age of constant digital noise and uncertainty, it is more important than ever to detect and ...


Table Of Contents Dec 2018

Table Of Contents

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Error Theory Of Contract, Matthew A. Seligman Dec 2018

The Error Theory Of Contract, Matthew A. Seligman

Maryland Law Review

Many people have false beliefs about contract doctrine. That pervasive phenomenon has profound practical, theoretical, and normative implications that neither courts nor scholars have recognized. This Article will make three contributions to fill that gap. First, it will establish just how widespread the phenomenon is among non-lawyers. After synthesizing the existing evidence of false beliefs about contract law, it will contribute a new empirical study showing that between one-third and one-half of people falsely believe specific performance rather than damages is the remedy for breach.

The Article will then argue that people’s false beliefs about contract doctrine pose a ...


Law & Health Care Newsletter, Fall 2018 Oct 2018

Law & Health Care Newsletter, Fall 2018

Law & Health Care Newsletter

No abstract provided.


C-Drum News, Fall 2018 Oct 2018

C-Drum News, Fall 2018

The C-DRUM News

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2018 Oct 2018

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall 2018

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Security Court, Matt Steilen Sep 2018

The Security Court, Matt Steilen

Maryland Law Review Online

The Supreme Court is concerned not only with the limits of our government’s power to protect us, but also with how it protects us. Government can protect us by passing laws that grant powers to its agencies or by conferring discretion on the officers in those agencies. Security by law is preferable to the extent that it promotes rule of law values—certainty, predictability, uniformity, and so on—but, security by discretion is preferable to the extent that it gives government the room it needs to meet threats in whatever form they present themselves. Drawing a line between security ...


Digging Them Out Alive, Michael Millemann, Rebecca Bowman Rivas, Elizabeth Smith Sep 2018

Digging Them Out Alive, Michael Millemann, Rebecca Bowman Rivas, Elizabeth Smith

Faculty Scholarship

From 2013-2018, we taught a collection of interrelated law and social work clinical courses, which we call “the Unger clinic.” This clinic was part of a major, multi-year criminal justice project, led by the Maryland Office of the Public Defender. The clinic and project responded to a need created by a 2012 Maryland Court of Appeals decision, Unger v. State. It, as later clarified, required that all Maryland prisoners who were convicted by juries before 1981—237 older, long-incarcerated prisoners—be given new trials. This was because prior to 1981 Maryland judges in criminal trials were required to instruct the ...


Enforcing/Protection: The Danger Of Chevron In Refugee Act Cases, Maureen A. Sweeney Jul 2018

Enforcing/Protection: The Danger Of Chevron In Refugee Act Cases, Maureen A. Sweeney

Faculty Scholarship

United States immigration courts that decide asylum cases are situated within the Justice Department – a law enforcement agency deeply invested in enforcing border control – and are subordinate to the Attorney General, the nation’s politically appointed chief law enforcement officer. This institutional subjugation of immigration judges and the Board of Immigration Appeals challenges the system’s integrity and leaves people seeking protection promised by international treaty to the whims of an enforcement agency. Courts exacerbate the problem when they give Chevron deference to those Justice Department decisions rather than reviewing them rigorously. Given the prosecutorial nature of the Justice Department ...


Law & Health Care Newsletter, Summer 2018 Jul 2018

Law & Health Care Newsletter, Summer 2018

Law & Health Care Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Jackson V. Dackman Co.: The Legislative Modification Of Common Law Tort Remedies Under Article 19 Of The Maryland Declaration Of Rights, Dan Friedman Jun 2018

Jackson V. Dackman Co.: The Legislative Modification Of Common Law Tort Remedies Under Article 19 Of The Maryland Declaration Of Rights, Dan Friedman

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Final Countdown: California Public Employees’ Retirement System V. Anz Securities And The Sweeping Ban On Tolling Statutes Of Repose In Class Actions, Emily Kelsay Jun 2018

The Final Countdown: California Public Employees’ Retirement System V. Anz Securities And The Sweeping Ban On Tolling Statutes Of Repose In Class Actions, Emily Kelsay

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Combatting Wage Theft: Establishing Employees As Secured Creditors Under The Maryland Unpaid Wage Lien Law, Rebecca Lineberry Jun 2018

Combatting Wage Theft: Establishing Employees As Secured Creditors Under The Maryland Unpaid Wage Lien Law, Rebecca Lineberry

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Take-Home Toxin: Following Kesner’S Lead And Creating A Consistent Framework For Determining Duty Toward Victims Of Secondary Asbestos Exposure, Brendan Kelly Jun 2018

Take-Home Toxin: Following Kesner’S Lead And Creating A Consistent Framework For Determining Duty Toward Victims Of Secondary Asbestos Exposure, Brendan Kelly

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


End Of Life And Autonomy: The Case For Relational Nudges In End-Of-Life Decision-Making Law And Policy, Megan S. Wright Jun 2018

End Of Life And Autonomy: The Case For Relational Nudges In End-Of-Life Decision-Making Law And Policy, Megan S. Wright

Maryland Law Review

Autonomy is a central principle in many areas of health law. In the case of end-of-life decision-making law and policy, however, the principle of autonomy requires revision. On the whole, law conceptualizes autonomy at the end of life as an individual making private, personal decisions based solely on their interests and values, and independent of others. But ordinary people understand autonomous decisionmaking at the end of life differently, in a way that acknowledges the importance of their interpersonal relationships. Social science research has documented that strengthening relationships with others, sharing responsibility in the decision-making process with healthcare providers, and taking ...


Table Of Contents Jun 2018

Table Of Contents

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Parallel Enforcement And Agency Interdependence, Anthony O'Rourke Jun 2018

Parallel Enforcement And Agency Interdependence, Anthony O'Rourke

Maryland Law Review

Parallel civil and criminal enforcement dominates public enforcement of everything from securities regulation to immigration control. The scholarship, however, lacks any structural analysis of how parallel enforcement differs from other types of inter-agency coordination. Drawing on original interviews with prosecutors, regulators, and white-collar defense attorneys, this Article is the first to provide a realistic presentation of how parallel enforcement works in practice. It builds on this descriptive account to offer an explanatory theory of the pressures and incentives that shape parallel enforcement. The Article shows that, in parallel proceedings, criminal prosecutors lack the gatekeeping monopoly that traditionally defines their relationships ...


“Dishonesty” In Fact: The Future Uncertainty Of Maryland’S Statutory Interpretation Of Good Faith & Encouraging Lax Lender Liability, Kara N. Achilihu Jun 2018

“Dishonesty” In Fact: The Future Uncertainty Of Maryland’S Statutory Interpretation Of Good Faith & Encouraging Lax Lender Liability, Kara N. Achilihu

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Hernandez V. Mesa: Preserving The Zone Of Constitutional Uncertainty At The Border, Alexandra A. Botsaris May 2018

Hernandez V. Mesa: Preserving The Zone Of Constitutional Uncertainty At The Border, Alexandra A. Botsaris

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Memoriam: The Honorable Howard S. Chasanow May 2018

In Memoriam: The Honorable Howard S. Chasanow

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Positive Legal Education: Flourishing Law Students And Thriving Law Schools, Debra S. Austin May 2018

Positive Legal Education: Flourishing Law Students And Thriving Law Schools, Debra S. Austin

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Judicial Candidates’ Right To Lie, Nat Stern May 2018

Judicial Candidates’ Right To Lie, Nat Stern

Maryland Law Review

, the Supreme Court struck down a law forbidding certain judicial campaign speech. A decade later, the Court in United States v. Alvarez ruled that factually false statements do not constitute categorically unprotected expression under the First Amendment. Together, these two holdings, along with the Court’s wider protection of political expression and disapproval of content-based restrictions, cast serious doubt on states’ ability to ban false and misleading speech by judicial candidates. Commonly known as the misrepresent clause, this prohibition has intuitive appeal in light of judges’ responsibilities and still exists in many states. Given the provision’s vulnerability to challenge ...


Equal Work, Stephanie Bornstein May 2018

Equal Work, Stephanie Bornstein

Maryland Law Review

Most Americans have heard of the gender pay gap and the statistic that, today, women earn on average eighty cents to every dollar men earn. Far less discussed, there is an even greater racial pay gap. Black and Latino men average only seventy-one cents to the dollar of white men. Compounding these gaps is the “polluting” impact of status characteristics on pay: as women and racial minorities enter occupations formerly dominated by white men, the pay for those occupations goes down. Improvement in the gender pay gap has been stalled for nearly two decades; the racial pay gap is actually ...


Shawe V. Elting: The Imperfect Sale Of Transperfect Global, Inc., Sarah M. Samaha May 2018

Shawe V. Elting: The Imperfect Sale Of Transperfect Global, Inc., Sarah M. Samaha

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents May 2018

Table Of Contents

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Interpretation As Statecraft: Chancellor Kent And The Collaborative Era Of American Statutory Interpretation, Farah Peterson May 2018

Interpretation As Statecraft: Chancellor Kent And The Collaborative Era Of American Statutory Interpretation, Farah Peterson

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.


Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. V. Superior Court: Reproaching The Sliding Scale Approach For The Fixable Fault Of Sliding Too Far, John V. Feliccia May 2018

Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. V. Superior Court: Reproaching The Sliding Scale Approach For The Fixable Fault Of Sliding Too Far, John V. Feliccia

Maryland Law Review

No abstract provided.