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2007

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Voting Rights Act Reauthorization Of 2006: Perspectives On Democracy, Participation, And Power, Christopher Edley, Ana Henderson Dec 2015

Voting Rights Act Reauthorization Of 2006: Perspectives On Democracy, Participation, And Power, Christopher Edley, Ana Henderson

Ana Henderson

No abstract provided.


Hong Kong Interception Of Communications And Surveillance Ordinance: A Critical Assessment, Kam Wong Sep 2015

Hong Kong Interception Of Communications And Surveillance Ordinance: A Critical Assessment, Kam Wong

Kam C. Wong

ABSTRACT On August 6, 2006, the Hong Kong Legislative Council passed the Interception of Communications Surveillance Ordinance (ICO) in Hong Kong. The ICO is a first successful legislative attempt by the Hong Kong government to regulate the interception of citizens’ private communications. A review of the literature finds no comprehensive, systematic and critical assessment of the IOC since its passage. This is a first attempt to do so. As a critique, this article makes seven observations. First, viewed in a historical context, the ICO is a politically mature legislation. Second, viewed in a legal context, the ICO is a constitutionally ...


The Impact Of Usa Patriot Act On American Society: An Evidence Based Assessment, Kam Wong Sep 2015

The Impact Of Usa Patriot Act On American Society: An Evidence Based Assessment, Kam Wong

Kam C. Wong

Book Description: Much has been written about the USA Patriot Act, and the controversy that surrounds this far-reaching legislation has also generated a great deal of confusion and uncertainty about its impact and importance in the war on terrorism. As Professor Kam C. Wong notes in this important contribution to the literature: "There is little scholarly research on the legislation, implementation and impact of the Act."

Undoubtedly, few Americans are actually aware of most of the details in the Act, or its implications in a free society. The events of September 11, 2001 in attacks on the World Trade Center ...


Regulating Over Internet Protocol: An Eu/Us Comparative Approach, Rebecca Wong, Daniel Garrie Jul 2015

Regulating Over Internet Protocol: An Eu/Us Comparative Approach, Rebecca Wong, Daniel Garrie

Daniel Garrie

The objective of this paper is to examine current privacy protection legislation for Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) transmissions and services in both the US and the European Union and to highlight and discuss concerns arising from such legislation. It first describes the functionality of VoIP and how privacy can be threatened by the technology. It looks at the New Regulatory Framework (NRF) which is the principle instrument for the protection of VoIP services in Europe and highlights the areas for concern within the framework. It then goes on to look at VoIP privacy concerns from the United States perspective ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Jun 2015

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

Alquiler Coches

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Jan 2015

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

bobbymartin76@shaw.ca

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Exclusionary Bundling And The Effects Of A Competitive Fringe, Bart Wilson, Anil Caliskan, David Porter, Stephen Rassenti, Vernon Smith Aug 2014

Exclusionary Bundling And The Effects Of A Competitive Fringe, Bart Wilson, Anil Caliskan, David Porter, Stephen Rassenti, Vernon Smith

Bart J Wilson

No abstract provided.


Experimental Economics And Antitrust: What Can We Learn From Laboratory Markets?, Bart Wilson Aug 2014

Experimental Economics And Antitrust: What Can We Learn From Laboratory Markets?, Bart Wilson

Bart J Wilson

No abstract provided.


Sustaining Cooperation In Trust Games, Vernon Smith, Mary Rigdon, Kevin Mccabe Mar 2014

Sustaining Cooperation In Trust Games, Vernon Smith, Mary Rigdon, Kevin Mccabe

Kevin A McCabe

It is well known in evolutionary game theory that population clustering in Prisoner's Dilemma games allows some cooperative strategies to invade populations of stable defecting strategies. We adapt this idea of population clustering to a two-person trust game. Without knowing it, players are typed based on their recent track record as to whether or not they are trusting (Players 1) and whether or not they are trustworthy (Players 2). They are then paired according to those types: trustors with trustworthy types, and similarly non-trustors with untrustworthy types. In the control comparisons, Players 1 are randomly repaired with Players 2 ...


Essentially A Mother, Jennifer Hendricks Mar 2014

Essentially A Mother, Jennifer Hendricks

Jennifer S. Hendricks

This article connects the constitutional jurisprudence of the family to debates over reproductive technology and surrogacy. Despite the outpouring of literature on reproductive technologies, courts and scholars have paid little attention to the constitutional foundation of parental rights. Focusing on the structural/political function of parental rights, I argue that a gestational mother has a constitutional claim to be recognized as a legal parent.

I begin with the “unwed father cases” from the 1970s. Despite believing that natural sex differences justified distinctions in parental rights, the Court crafted a test giving men parental rights if they established relationships with their ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Feb 2014

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

arditahaskoceloj@yahoo.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Corporate Social Accountability Standards In The Global Supply Chain: Resistance, Reconsideration, And Resolution In China, Li-Wen Lin Nov 2013

Corporate Social Accountability Standards In The Global Supply Chain: Resistance, Reconsideration, And Resolution In China, Li-Wen Lin

Li-Wen Lin

This Article provides a view on corporate social accountability standards from a Chinese perspective, a slightly different angle from that of legal scholars in the United States. The legal literature in the United States typically only focuses on the importance and effectiveness of corporate social accountability standards to regulate the conduct of multinational companies in the era of globalization. However, the views of the outsourced companies in the developing countries on which the multinational companies impose the standards have seldom received attention. This Article tries to fill this void by examining the situation in China. As shown in this Article ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Nov 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

lyzhang@uta.edu

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure. Rule 55 – Default Judgement, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure. Rule 55 – Default Judgement, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Oct 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

asghar.es@gmail.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Oct 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

asghar.es@gmail.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Oct 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

kash_1465@yahoo.co.in

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Legal Methodologies For Maximizing Freedom Of Scientific Research, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Legal Methodologies For Maximizing Freedom Of Scientific Research, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Theological Perspectives On Globalization—Traditional Knowledge And The Prospects For Lasting Peace, Kevin Lee Jul 2013

Theological Perspectives On Globalization—Traditional Knowledge And The Prospects For Lasting Peace, Kevin Lee

Kevin P. Lee

No abstract provided.


The Foundations Of Catholic Legal Theory: A Primer, Kevin Lee Jul 2013

The Foundations Of Catholic Legal Theory: A Primer, Kevin Lee

Kevin P. Lee

No abstract provided.


Contemporary Challenges To Natural Law Theories, Kevin Lee Jul 2013

Contemporary Challenges To Natural Law Theories, Kevin Lee

Kevin P. Lee

No abstract provided.


The Lawyer As Citizen: Why I Teach The Trial Of Socrates, Kevin Lee Jul 2013

The Lawyer As Citizen: Why I Teach The Trial Of Socrates, Kevin Lee

Kevin P. Lee

No abstract provided.


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Apr 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

evertonj832@gmail.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Aei-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper, Vernon Smith, William Baumol, Robert Litan, Martin Cave, Peter Cramton, Robert Hahn, Thomas Hazlett, Paul Joskow, Alfred Kahn, John Mayo, Patrick Messerlin, Bruce Owen, Robert Pindyck, Scott Wallsten, Leonard Waverman, Lawrence White, Scott Savage Feb 2013

Aei-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper, Vernon Smith, William Baumol, Robert Litan, Martin Cave, Peter Cramton, Robert Hahn, Thomas Hazlett, Paul Joskow, Alfred Kahn, John Mayo, Patrick Messerlin, Bruce Owen, Robert Pindyck, Scott Wallsten, Leonard Waverman, Lawrence White, Scott Savage

Bruce Owen

Network neutrality is a policy proposal that would regulate how network providers manage and price the use of their networks. Congress has introduced several bills on network neutrality. Proposed legislation generally would mandate that Internet service providers exercise no control over the content that flows over their lines and would bar providers from charging more for preferentially faster access to the Internet. These proposals must be considered carefully in light of the underlying economics. Our basic concern is that most proposals aimed at implementing net neutrality are likely to do more harm than good.


Supreme Court Amicus Brief Regarding Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. V. Public Utility District No. 1 Of Snohomish County, Washington, Vernon Smith, William Baumol, Colin Blaydon, Charles Cicchetti, Rene Stulz, Jeffrey Dubin, Franklin Fisher, Robert Hahn, Jerry Hausman, William Hogan, Joseph Kalt, Paul Kleindorfer, Robert Michaels, Bruce Owen, Craig Pirrong, Michael Salinger, Steven Shavell, James Sweeney, Robert Willig, Catherine Wolfram Feb 2013

Supreme Court Amicus Brief Regarding Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. V. Public Utility District No. 1 Of Snohomish County, Washington, Vernon Smith, William Baumol, Colin Blaydon, Charles Cicchetti, Rene Stulz, Jeffrey Dubin, Franklin Fisher, Robert Hahn, Jerry Hausman, William Hogan, Joseph Kalt, Paul Kleindorfer, Robert Michaels, Bruce Owen, Craig Pirrong, Michael Salinger, Steven Shavell, James Sweeney, Robert Willig, Catherine Wolfram

Bruce Owen

Economists have long recognized that certainty of contract is essential to a healthy economy. Long-term forward contracts, in particular, help reduce financial risk. Those contracts can only accomplish that goal, however, if parties know the contracts will be enforced. From an economic and policy standpoint, long-term energy contracts should be abrogated only in truly exceptional circumstances. The mere fact that a price seems too high in retrospect does not justify abrogating contracts voluntarily agreed to by sophisticated buyers and sellers. Nor do generalized claims of - market dysfunction - at the time the contract was formed.


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Jan 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

liruijiao@live.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas. Jan 2013

Matevosyan Nr. E-Learning In Reproductive Health: Deployment Of E-Learning Opens Up New Vistas.

loimagm@gmail.com

PROBLEM DEFINITION: e-Learning creates new and emerging paradigms in RH education like self-directed learning, limitations of which can defocus the endpoint selection in clinical and experimental trials. Nowadays, the citation of the open-for-access (OFA) RH research papers, are gradually dominating upon the citation of fundamental not-open-for-access (NOFA) literature and solid innovative conclusions. The researchers, clinicians, and policymakers must confront the question of whether or not the OFA literature accelerates scientific advancement and knowledge translation of research into practice. SAMPLING: A cohort of OFA and NOFA articles published in the journal ‘Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care’, between March 2005 and June ...


Iranian Judicial System (Court's Structure), Ehsan Zarrokh Oct 2012

Iranian Judicial System (Court's Structure), Ehsan Zarrokh

Ehsan zarrokh

In an Iranian court the judge acts as prosecutor, jury, and arbiter; the system is a form of the inquisitorial system. However, according to Article 168 of Iran's constitution, in certain cases involving the media a jury is allowed to be the arbiter. The judge holds absolute power. In practice, judges may be overwhelmed by cases, and not have the time to excogitate about each case. All judges are certified in Islamic law, and most, but not all, are members of the ruling clergy. I'm going to explain courts structure in this article. Keywords: courts, Iran, legal system ...


Balancing Knowledge Sharing With Knowledge Protection: The Influence Of Role-Criticality, David Bray, Ramnath Chellappa, Benn Konsynski, Dominic Thomas Sep 2011

Balancing Knowledge Sharing With Knowledge Protection: The Influence Of Role-Criticality, David Bray, Ramnath Chellappa, Benn Konsynski, Dominic Thomas

Dominic Thomas

For knowledge-intensive, information-sensitive organizations, we suggest two orthogonal constructs, namely the perceived levels of knowledge sharing and knowledge protection, influence the perceived levels of organizational performance, to include the constructs of organizational responsiveness and organizational efficiency. For a large organization of more than 10,000 employees, we observe that a knowledge-worker's role criticality directly and indirectly shapes perceived organizational performance. First, we find that greater perceived levels of knowledge protection and knowledge sharing strongly correlate with greater perceived levels of organizational performance (for both responsiveness and efficiency). Second, we find that workers with greater role-criticality negatively discount the contribution ...


Is-Driven Organizational Responsiveness, David Bray, Benn Konsynski, Dominic Thomas Sep 2011

Is-Driven Organizational Responsiveness, David Bray, Benn Konsynski, Dominic Thomas

Dominic Thomas

We develop and subsequently test a model detailing how knowledge technologies, embodied in intra-organizational information systems (IS), provide opportunities that influence individual-level human motivations to engage in knowledge exchange processes, thereby influencing organizational responsiveness. Our model both explains and predicts the different contributions of IS-driven antecedents influencing organizational responsiveness, to include knowledge technologies, employee motivations, and processes to exchange knowledge. We specifically examine a large government agency charged with responding to national security threats, public health outbreaks, and environmental disasters. For knowledge-intensive enterprises confronting such challenges, organizational responsiveness represents their ability to respond to emergent opportunities or concerns. Our results ...