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Trapped In Tragedies: Childhood Trauma, Spatial Inequality, And Law, David Dante Troutt Mar 2018

Trapped In Tragedies: Childhood Trauma, Spatial Inequality, And Law, David Dante Troutt

Marquette Law Review

Each year, psychological trauma arising from community and domestic violence, abuse, and neglect brings profound psychological, physiological, and academic harm to millions of American children, disproportionately poor children of color. This Article represents the first comprehensive legal analysis of the causes of and remedies for a crisis that can have lifelong and epigenetic consequences. Using civil rights and local government law, this Article argues that children’s reactions to complex trauma represent the natural symptomatology of severe structural inequality—legally sanctioned environments of isolated, segregated poverty. The sources of psychological trauma may be largely environmental, but the traumatic environments themselves ...


Getting It Righted: Access To Counsel In Rapid Removals, Stephen Manning, Kari Hong Mar 2018

Getting It Righted: Access To Counsel In Rapid Removals, Stephen Manning, Kari Hong

Marquette Law Review

None


The Light Of Nature: John Locke, Natural Rights, And The Origins Of American Religious Liberty, Steven J. Heyman Mar 2018

The Light Of Nature: John Locke, Natural Rights, And The Origins Of American Religious Liberty, Steven J. Heyman

Marquette Law Review

This Article explores John Locke’s theory of religious liberty, which deeply influenced the adoption of the First Amendment and the first state bills of rights. Locke sharply criticized the religious and political order of Restoration England—a regime in which the king claimed to hold absolute power by divine right and in which individuals were required by law to conform to the established church.

In opposition to this regime, Locke developed a powerful theory of human beings as rational creatures who were entitled to think for themselves, to direct their own actions, and to pursue their own happiness within ...


Bringing The Science Of Policing To Liability For Third-Party Crime At Shopping Malls, Aaron D. Twerski, Jon M. Shane Mar 2018

Bringing The Science Of Policing To Liability For Third-Party Crime At Shopping Malls, Aaron D. Twerski, Jon M. Shane

Marquette Law Review

Unlike state and municipal police forces that can generally not be sued by victims of crime on the grounds that they provided inadequate policing, shopping malls are regularly the targets by crime victims in tort actions for failing to provide adequate security. Courts have struggled with the question of how to set the standard for reasonable policing. Most courts place heavy emphasis on the foreseeability by the mall management of the likelihood of criminal activity to take place on the grounds of the mall. In doing so, they rely on the testimony of security experts who intuit as to the ...


International Human Rights Law: An Unexpected Threat To Peace, Ingrid Wuerth Mar 2018

International Human Rights Law: An Unexpected Threat To Peace, Ingrid Wuerth

Marquette Law Review

None


Polishing Up Wisconsin's Fiduciary Duties In Llc Law To Attract New Suitors, Collin D. Brunk Mar 2018

Polishing Up Wisconsin's Fiduciary Duties In Llc Law To Attract New Suitors, Collin D. Brunk

Marquette Law Review

None


Sharing Is Caring: Regulating Rather Than Prohibiting Home Sharing In Wisconsin, Apallonia C. Wilhelm Mar 2018

Sharing Is Caring: Regulating Rather Than Prohibiting Home Sharing In Wisconsin, Apallonia C. Wilhelm

Marquette Law Review

None


Personhood Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Vincent J. Samar Dec 2017

Personhood Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Vincent J. Samar

Marquette Law Review

This Article examines recent claims that the fetus be afforded the status of a person under the Fourteenth Amendment. It shows that such claims do not carry the necessary objectivity to operate reasonably in a pluralistic society. It then goes on to afford what a better view of personhood that could so operate might actually look like. Along the way, this Article takes seriously the real deep concerns many have for the sanctity of human life. By the end, it attempts to find a balance for those concerns with the view of personhood offered that should engage current debates about ...


Current Navigation Points In Drug Diversion Law: Hidden Rocks In Shallow, Murky, Drug-Infested Waters, John J. Mulrooney Ii, Katherine E. Legel Dec 2017

Current Navigation Points In Drug Diversion Law: Hidden Rocks In Shallow, Murky, Drug-Infested Waters, John J. Mulrooney Ii, Katherine E. Legel

Marquette Law Review

None


Morality And Securities Fraud, Jayme Herschkopf Dec 2017

Morality And Securities Fraud, Jayme Herschkopf

Marquette Law Review

Securities fraud features prominently in conversations about financial reform, and for good reason. In addition to the disproportionate number of securities fraud lawsuits and government actions filed every year, securities fraud case law is frequently consulted as an analytical aid for other types of corporate fraud. And yet, in discussing the interpretation and application of the securities laws, scholars, judges, and lawmakers alike have largely overlooked a feature of securities fraud that could offer significant assistance in many challenging areas: namely, that securities fraud, including civil securities fraud, has a pronounced moral dimension.

This Article explores the role that moral ...


Codify This: Exculpatory Contracts In Wisconsin Recreational Businesses, Blake A. Nold Dec 2017

Codify This: Exculpatory Contracts In Wisconsin Recreational Businesses, Blake A. Nold

Marquette Law Review

It is common practice for recreational businesses, such as ski resorts or fitness centers, to require their customers to sign a release of liability form. The purpose of this release form is to relieve the business from any potential liability in the event a customer suffers an injury. However, since 1982, the Wisconsin Supreme Court has yet to uphold an exculpatory contract. Rather than attempting to lay out principles and guidelines for how to draft an exculpatory agreement—in hopes that it will be ruled enforceable—this Comment proposes that Wisconsin recreational businesses, like ski resorts or gyms, should not ...


A Consumer Protection Rationale For Regulation Of Tax Return Preparers, Pippa Browde Dec 2017

A Consumer Protection Rationale For Regulation Of Tax Return Preparers, Pippa Browde

Marquette Law Review

Of the 150 million tax returns filed each year, approximately fifty-six percent are prepared with the help of a paid preparer. Although state-licensed lawyers and certified public accountants may prepare tax returns for clients, the vast majority of paid tax return preparers are completely unregulated. For low-income taxpayers who are eligible for refundable tax credits, these unregulated tax return preparers do more than just fill out tax returns. Return preparers who serve low-income taxpayers often also market consumer credit products, such as refund anticipation loans or checks.

Government agencies and consumer advocates have documented widespread problems with the tax return ...


Success, Merit, And Capital In America, Eli Wald Sep 2017

Success, Merit, And Capital In America, Eli Wald

Marquette Law Review

None


Pluralism Applied: A Concordant Approach To Selecting Contract Rules, Samuel F. Ernst Sep 2017

Pluralism Applied: A Concordant Approach To Selecting Contract Rules, Samuel F. Ernst

Marquette Law Review

Contract rules can be justified by utilitarian theories (such as efficiency theory), which are concerned with promoting rules that enhance societal wealth and utility. Contract rules can also be justified by rights-based theories (such as promissory and reliance theories), which are concerned with protecting the contractual freedom and interests ofthe individual parties to the contract. Or, contract rules can be analyzed through the lenses of a host of other theories, including critical legal theory, bargain theory, and so on. Because no single, unitary theory can ever explain the complex body of laws and societal conventions surrounding contracts, the best rule ...


Smoking Guns: The Supreme Court's Willingness To Lower Procedural Barriers To Merits Review In Cases Involving Egregious Racial Bias In The Criminal Justice System, Carrie Leonetti Sep 2017

Smoking Guns: The Supreme Court's Willingness To Lower Procedural Barriers To Merits Review In Cases Involving Egregious Racial Bias In The Criminal Justice System, Carrie Leonetti

Marquette Law Review

The systematic foreclosure of federal-court review of even the most meritorious federal constitutional challenges of state criminal convictions has made review on the merits of an inmate’s claim that a state court violated the U.S. Constitution in adjudicating a criminal case exceedingly rare. Nonetheless, over the past two terms, the Supreme Court appears to have started down a different road, overlooking potential procedural hurdles in several cases to uphold on the merits state inmates’ claims that their criminal trials were tainted by explicit race discrimination. While these cases taken together seem to suggest that the Court is willing ...


Redistricting Reform In Wisconsin To Curtail Gerrymandering: The Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission, Joseph W. Bukowski Sep 2017

Redistricting Reform In Wisconsin To Curtail Gerrymandering: The Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission, Joseph W. Bukowski

Marquette Law Review

After an extremely partisan gerrymander in 2011, Wisconsin needs redistricting reform in order to eliminate partisan politics from the process. Now more than ever, momentum for change has reached its peak: the Wisconsin legislative maps as drawn in 2011 were ruled unconstitutional in Whitford v. Gill; the Supreme Court has recently ruled in favor of states implementing independent redistricting commissions; and nearly half of the states in the United States are beginning to use independent commissions for redistricting. This Comment proposes a unique approach for Wisconsin to adopt in order to curtail gerrymandering: the Wisconsin Impartial Citizens Redistricting Commission (WICRC ...


Law As Instrumentality, Jeremiah A. Ho Sep 2017

Law As Instrumentality, Jeremiah A. Ho

Marquette Law Review

Our conceptions of law affect how we objectify the law and ultimately how we study it. Despite a century’s worth of theoretical progress in American law—from legal realism to critical legal studies movements and postmodernism—the formalist conception of“law as science,” as promulgated by Christopher Langdell at Harvard Law School in the late-nineteenth century, continues to influence the inductive methodologies used today to impart knowledge in American legal education. This lasting influence of the Langdellian scientific conception of law has persisted even as the present crisis in legal education has engendered other reforms. However, subsequent movements of ...


What's Wrong With Partial Intestacy?, Richard F. Storrow Jan 2017

What's Wrong With Partial Intestacy?, Richard F. Storrow

Marquette Law Review

This article questions whether wills law's disapproval of partial intestacy rests on defensible assumptions about testamentary intent. After examining the causes of and antidotes to partial intestacy, I make three primary points. First, the presumption against intestacy applies only to wills that contain an ambiguous bequest of the residue. Second, the law's disapproval of partial intestacy is due in part to its failure to make an important distinction between testamentary intention and dispositive intention. Third, a theory of passive intention, heretofore barely alluded to in the law of wills, supplies the necessary validation of partially intestate estates.


Who Needs Contracts? Generalized Exchange Within Investment Accelerators, Brad Bernthal Jan 2017

Who Needs Contracts? Generalized Exchange Within Investment Accelerators, Brad Bernthal

Marquette Law Review

This Article investigates why an expert volunteers on behalf of startups that participate in a novel type of small venture capital ("VC") fund known as a mentor-driven investment accelerator ("MDIA"). A MDIA organizes a pool of seasoned individuals - called "mentors" - to help new companies. An obvious organizational strategy would be to contract with mentors. Mentors instead voluntarily assist. Legal studies of norm-based exchanges do not explain what this Article calls the "mentorship conundrum" - i.e., the puzzling motivation of a mentor to volunteer within otherwise for-profit environments. This Article is the first to bridge the insights of generalized exchange theory ...


God And State Preambles, Peter J. Smith, Robert W. Tuttle Jan 2017

God And State Preambles, Peter J. Smith, Robert W. Tuttle

Marquette Law Review

Those who question the permissibility of official acknowledgements of God might be surprised to learn that the preambles of forty-five of the fifty state constitutions expressly invoke God. The practice is common in both liberal and conservative states and is equally prevalent in all regions of the country. Virtually all of those preambles give thanks to God, and many also seek God's blessing n the state's endeavors. Yet there has been no detailed assessment of the preambles' history or significance. This paper seeks to remedy that gap.

The preambles complicate the claim that official acknowledgements of God are ...


Indigency, Secrecy, And Questions Of Quality: Minimizing The Risk Of "Bad" Mediation For Low-Income Litigants, Robert Rubinson Jan 2017

Indigency, Secrecy, And Questions Of Quality: Minimizing The Risk Of "Bad" Mediation For Low-Income Litigants, Robert Rubinson

Marquette Law Review

Mediation can be magical. In the face of seemingly insurmountable differences, it can lead to productive resolutions far beyond what litigation could ever produce. In the hands of sophisticated practitioners and in appropriate cases, it offers a means for participants to engage in self-determination and more flexible conflict resolution. In light of how well mediation can work, it has experienced explosive growth in all areas of conflict, and in both private and court-connected contexts. There is, nevertheless, a risk that mediators can be unskilled or, worse, affirmatively damaging. The risk is endemic to all mediation but play out in particularly ...


Man Up Or Go Home: Exploring Perceptions Of Women In Leadership, Abigail Perdue Jan 2017

Man Up Or Go Home: Exploring Perceptions Of Women In Leadership, Abigail Perdue

Marquette Law Review

Throughout history, women in positions of authority have often been perceived as violating well-established gender norms. Perhaps as a result, female leadership has often been viewed as a threat to male power and privilege and thus provoked resistance. Female leaders challenge longstanding sex stereotypes and patriarchal structures, subverting the identities of androcentric institutions and the people who comprise them. In so doing, they redefine notions of what it means to be a leader as well as what it means to be a woman. Cisgender male subordinates in particular may feel that their masculinity is under assault when they are placed ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2017

Table Of Contents

Marquette Law Review

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Embracing Race-Conscious College Admissions Programs: How Fisher V. University Of Texas At Austin Redefines "Affirmative Action" As A Holistic Approach To Admissions That Ensures Equal, Not Preferential, Treatment, Nancy L. Zisk Jan 2017

Embracing Race-Conscious College Admissions Programs: How Fisher V. University Of Texas At Austin Redefines "Affirmative Action" As A Holistic Approach To Admissions That Ensures Equal, Not Preferential, Treatment, Nancy L. Zisk

Marquette Law Review

In Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, the United States Supreme Court affirmed well-established Supreme Court doctrine that race may be considered when a college or university decides whom to admit and whom to reject, as long as the consideration of race is part of a narrowly tailored holistic consideration of an applicant's many distinguishing features. The Court's latest decision heralds a new way of thinking about holistic race-conscious admissions programs. Rather than considering them as "affirmative action" plans that prefer any one applicant to the disadvantage of another, they should be viewed as the Court has ...


Interpreting Wisconsin Statutes, Daniel R. Suhr Jan 2017

Interpreting Wisconsin Statutes, Daniel R. Suhr

Marquette Law Review

"The seminal case on statutory interpretation in recent years is State ex rel. Kalal v. Circuit Court for Dane County, 2014 WI 58. . . . In Kalal, the court emphasized the importance of statutory text when it embraced the principle that a court's role is to determine what a statute means rather than determine what the legislature intended." - Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice David Prosser, 2014.


Time To Act: Correcting The Inadequacy Of Youth Concussion Legislation Through A Federal Act, Lance K. Spaude Jan 2017

Time To Act: Correcting The Inadequacy Of Youth Concussion Legislation Through A Federal Act, Lance K. Spaude

Marquette Law Review

Concussions in sports are inevitable. Although an increased focus on concussions in youth sports has improved understandings, the prevalence of concussions in youth sports, the health and safety dangers they pose, and the legal liability they create are still relative unknowns. Despite remaining unknowns, a greater understanding of the long-term effects of concussions and the increased dangers in head impacts in youth athletics in recent years has resulted in lawsuits against the youth coaches, schools, and state athletic associations for athlete injuries suffered as a result of repetitive head trauma and concussions.

This Comment focuses on the need for federal ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2017

Table Of Contents

Marquette Law Review

None


Volume 100, Summer 2017 Masthead Jan 2017

Volume 100, Summer 2017 Masthead

Marquette Law Review

None


Humility In Criminal Justice: What It Might Invite Us To Reconsider, Dean A. Strang Jan 2017

Humility In Criminal Justice: What It Might Invite Us To Reconsider, Dean A. Strang

Marquette Law Review

Imagine how our system of criminal justice might look different if one value ascended in the system's hierarchy of values: humility. Day to day, in my work, I do not see much humility among police officers, defense lawyers, prosecutors, probation agents, and judges. This is noteworthy, given how unavoidability uncertain--or at least contestable or close--many of the outcomes in our trial and appellate courts are to an objective eye. Even when the basic facts on guilt are fairly certain, the right sentence often is not. I propose that humility is an essential value that, properly understood, is tied to ...


Collision Course: State Community Property Laws And Termination Rights Under The Federal Copyright Act--Who Should Have The Right Of Way?, Loren E. Mulraine Jan 2017

Collision Course: State Community Property Laws And Termination Rights Under The Federal Copyright Act--Who Should Have The Right Of Way?, Loren E. Mulraine

Marquette Law Review

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of recapture rights under copyright law, as well as a primer on the difference between common law and community property law as it relates to property rights in a divorce proceeding. The paper will utilize as a case study the dispute between William "Smokey" Robinson and his former spouse, Claudette Robinson, and provide a statutory solution for future disputes where federal copyright law and state community property laws collide at the intersection of copyright terminations. Specifically, should these newly recaptured rights be treated as a new estate and thus not ...