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Full-Text Articles in Law

Table Of Contents Apr 2023

Table Of Contents

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Does The Death Penalty Still Matter: Reflections Of A Death Row Lawyer, David I. Bruck Apr 2023

Does The Death Penalty Still Matter: Reflections Of A Death Row Lawyer, David I. Bruck

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

This talk was given by Professor David Bruck for the Frances Lewis Law Center at Washington and Lee University School of Law, April, 2002. It is a follow-up to “Does the Death Penalty Matter?,” given by Professor Bruck as the 1990 Ralph E. Shikes Lecture at Harvard Law School.


Editor's Note, Peyton Holahan Apr 2023

Editor's Note, Peyton Holahan

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

To commemorate the accomplishment of abolition and to look back at Virginia’s long and complicated history with the death penalty, the Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice’s 2021–2022 Symposium titled Revoking Irrevocable Punishment centered around Virginia’s long, complex, and sorrowful path toward abolition. From February 10 to February 11 of 2021, the Journal organized and moderated seven panels that addressed various components of the death penalty discourse in Virginia, past and present.


The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler Apr 2023

The Gross Injustices Of Capital Punishment: A Torturous Practice And Justice Thurgood Marshall’S Astute Appraisal Of The Death Penalty’S Cruelty, Discriminatory Use, And Unconstitutionality, John D. Bessler

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

Through the centuries, capital punishment and torture have been used by monarchs, authoritarian regimes, and judicial systems around the world. Although torture is now expressly outlawed by international law, capital punishment—questioned by Quakers in the seventeenth century and by the Italian philosopher Cesare Beccaria and many others in the following century—has been authorized over time by various legislative bodies, including in the United States. It was Beccaria’s book, Dei delitti e delle pene (1764), translated into French and then into English as An Essay on Crimes and Punishments (1767), that fueled the still-ongoing international movement to outlaw the death penalty. …


Severe Mental Illness And The Death Penalty: A Menu Of Legislative Options, Richard J. Bonnie Apr 2023

Severe Mental Illness And The Death Penalty: A Menu Of Legislative Options, Richard J. Bonnie

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

In 2003, the American Bar Association established a Task Force on Mental Disability and the Death Penalty to further specify and implement the Supreme Court’s ruling banning execution of persons with intellectual disability and to consider an analogous ban against imposing the death penalty on defendants with severe mental disorders. The Task Force established formal links with the American Psychological Association, the American Psychiatric Association, and the National Alliance on Mental Illness and the final report was approved by the ABA and the participating organizations in 2005 and 2006. This brief article focuses primarily on diminished responsibility at the time …


The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker Apr 2023

The Court And Capital Punishment On Different Paths: Abolition In Waiting, Carol S. Steiker, Jordan M. Steiker

Washington and Lee Journal of Civil Rights and Social Justice

The American death penalty finds itself in an unusual position. On the ground, the practice is weaker than at any other time in our history. Eleven jurisdictions have abandoned the death penalty over the past fifteen years, almost doubling the number of states without the punishment (twenty-three). Executions have declined substantially, totaling twenty-five or fewer a year nationwide for the past six years, compared to an average of seventy-seven a year during the six-year span around the millennium (1997-2002). Most tellingly, death sentences have fallen off a cliff, with fewer the fifty death sentences a year nationwide over the past …


The Making And Unmaking Of Urban Citizenship In The Maspero Triangle, Nadine Abd El Razek Feb 2023

The Making And Unmaking Of Urban Citizenship In The Maspero Triangle, Nadine Abd El Razek

Theses and Dissertations

Cairo is undergoing a moment of sharpened exclusion and inclusion, with the city’s residents of informal settlements disproportionately experiencing displacement and abrupt interruptions to their social fabric to make way for investment opportunities. In pursuit of achieving the status of a global city, the Egyptian state has effectively widened its practice of structural violence, in order to accumulate capital through dispossession. In the process of doing so, the state has problematized the contested status of urban citizenship, disenfranchising the urban dwellers of Cairo from their right to the city. Following the temporal shifts in the negotiation for urban citizenship, the …


Invisibility And Dis-Identification Of Algerian Women: Feminist Jurisprudence Eyes On The Legal Provisions Related To Personal Status And Criminal, Sophia Lina Meziane Feb 2023

Invisibility And Dis-Identification Of Algerian Women: Feminist Jurisprudence Eyes On The Legal Provisions Related To Personal Status And Criminal, Sophia Lina Meziane

Theses and Dissertations

Much of the debate around women’s rights in legal systems focuses on the increase of protection as a legal mechanism for approaching and guaranteeing gender equality. Yet, what extensive or comprehensive analysis has been done on how effective such laws are when applied? This thesis discusses the extent to which a feminist legal theory, separate and distinct from the patriarchal legal system, can demonstrate how an Islamic or Napoleonic order is conceptually another male rationality. While one could possibly identify inefficiencies of laws proclaiming equality and protection for women, the context of the question is inevitably entrenched in the very …


Prevention Or Creation Of Terrorism? The Sri Lankan Prevention Of Terrorism Act, Abigail Castle Jan 2023

Prevention Or Creation Of Terrorism? The Sri Lankan Prevention Of Terrorism Act, Abigail Castle

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Abstract

The tyrannical Sri Lankan Prevention of Terrorism Act (“PTA”) has been in effect for over forty years. Dating back to the decades-long civil war, the PTA has terrorized Sri Lankan citizens. The PTA authorizes the Sri Lankan government to arbitrarily detain citizens without warrants for up to eighteen months; use torture to extract confessions; and target protesters, minority groups, and political opponents. The PTA creates a breeding ground for numerous human rights violations with no accountability for the officials who commit human rights abuses. The use of the Act has intensified since 2019 with the Easter Sunday Bombings and …


Discrimination On The Basis Of Nationality Under The Convention On The Elimination Of Racial Discrimination, William Thomas Worster Jan 2023

Discrimination On The Basis Of Nationality Under The Convention On The Elimination Of Racial Discrimination, William Thomas Worster

Pace International Law Review

Following a recent judgment by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), a divergence has opened between the Court and the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD Committee) over whether the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) covers nationality-based discrimination. The ICJ held that the CERD does not, but the CERD Committee had previously held the opposite. The solution to this difference is to recognize that the CERD excludes discrimination between citizens and aliens, and, in this, the ICJ was correct. However, this discrimination is distinct from discrimination between foreign persons on the basis …


Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina Jan 2023

Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Representative offices are present in Indonesia in order to meet the needs of global economic growth in all countries. Multinational companies expand their business to other countries through relocation policies. The aim is none other than an effort to reduce production costs through a number of comparative advantages possessed by Indonesia as well as seizing such a large market for these products, and through this way multinational companies benefit. The presence of representative offices in Indonesia is regulated by Presidential Decree Number 90 of 2000 concerning Representative Offices of Foreign Companies. Through the Presidential Decree, the government limits the scope …


Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun Jan 2023

Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Transfer Pricing refers to pricing transaction within and between enterprises situated in different countries and belong to the same multinational group. Cross-border transaction inevitably affects international taxation, especially when multinational enterprises encounter two or more countries that apply different tax collection systems. Consequently, a Tax Treaty (Perjanjian Penghindaran Pajak Berganda/P3B) is made to resolve issues involving double taxation. However, since the Tax Treaty’s benefits vary by country, the investors or companies tend to abuse the agreement in order to gain the most profitable benefits or incentives. Abusing the benefits of Tax Treaty (P3B) could be categorized as an act against …


Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi Jan 2023

Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Amendments to Law No. 4 of 2009 became Law No. 4 of 2009 withdrawing almost all local government authority into central authority. Leaving room for delegation of some of the authority of the Central Government to provincial regional governments for the issuance of IPR and SIPB, even district-city governments no longer have space for authority over coal mineral mining matters. the authority of provincial or district/city regional governments in mining affairs, is a concurrent matter which in its handling involves the central government and regional governments, withdraws most of the authority and does not involve regional governments, of course it …


Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat Jan 2023

Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Sexual violence in Indonesia has caused a public’s worry. The bill on the elimination of sexual violence (RUU PKS) is considered very important to be passed. Purpose of this article is to analyze the suitability of the principles in the RUU PKS with Indonesian act of Formulation of Laws and Regulation Number 12 of 2011 (UU P3). The method used in writing this article uses the normative legal research. Results of this study are formal principles in the anti sexual violence bill is appropriate with the UU P3 except the principle of openness. Likewise with the material principles in the …


Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani Jan 2023

Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Law Number 37 of 2004 (UUK-PKPU) is a refinement of the old bankruptcy regulation of Faillissementsverordening (Fv) and Law Number 4 of 1998 (UUK). Completion is done in order to meet the needs and solve problems that arise in connection with bankruptcy. However, despite the changes and improvements to the regulation, there are still problems that arise, especially in accelerating the timing of debt collection (acceleration). In the UKK and Fv acceleration is not regulated normatively. So the judge has the discretion to make the discovery of the law differently in each case. In UUK-PKPU acceleration found in the explanation …


Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati Jan 2023

Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper discusses the application of pre-emptive rights over tax debt collection in bankruptcy disputes regulated in Article 41 paragraph (3) of Law Number 37 of 2004 concerning the Bankruptcy and Deferral of Debt Payment Obligations displayed by the Directorate General of Taxes. Tax debts outside the bankruptcy process for compulsory taxes are being filed for bankruptcy by requesting the Commercial Court to return all tax liabilities that would harm the interests of the country. In the event that a taxpayer has been declared bankrupt, the Directorate General of Taxes still has the right to overtake and is privileged, requesting …


Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah Jan 2023

Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The purpose of this paper is to find out and analyze the position of Indirect evidence used by KPPU in the completion of cartel practices in Indonesia and to analyze indirect evidence in terms of systems of verification in Indonesia. The research method used in this writing is a method of legal research that is prescriptive. The position of Indirect Evidence or evidence in the process of evidence can be accepted as evidence in proof of a cartel case and is evidence that must support the occurrence of alleged cartel practices in terms of price fixing and this indirect evidence …


Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri Jan 2023

Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity prices at harvest by storing farmers' harvests in the warehouse. The building manager will issue a Warehouse Receipt as proof of ownership of the goods stored as collateral for the debt that can be transferred by the inventory collateral. Therefore, the government Act No. 9 of 2011 concerning Amendment to Law No. 9 of 2006 concerning the Warehouse Receipt System (SRG Law). This research seeks to answer can the warehouse receipt provisions …


Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda Jan 2023

Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

With the present development of technology and the internet, everything has been made easier. One sector that is affected by the development of information and communication technology is Banking, an economic sub-sector that mobilizes public funds. Behind the convenience obtained from the use of Internet Banking, there are also risks that can be used in the use of this service, among others, many violations of law regarding personal data via the Internet and also regarding financial risks suffered by bank customers in the use of Internet Banking The IT criminals cause the Banking industry to be able to prepare security …


Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis Jan 2023

Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The case of mangrove damage on the South Coast of West Sumatra in 2016-2017 where the defendant was a Deputy Regent who owned land in the Nagari Mandeh area, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatra. The land was built without an environmental permit. The absence of an environmental permit has emerged because of the mangrove damage. This paper focuses on the absence of environmental permits because there is no stipulation on the types of businesses that are required to have UKL / UPL which should be stipulated by a regional regulation (Perda) by the Regional Government of the Pesisir Selatan Regency. This …


Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani Jan 2023

Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Environmental law enforcement by regional governments in the context of regional autonomy is an important part of realizing quality environmental protection and management through the formation of regional legal policies. Regional legal policies regarding the protection and management of life-based on statutory regulations at the central level also influence the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the regions. This article aims to review the pattern of environmental law enforcement based on the Law on Environmental Protection and Management, the Regional Government Law, and the Job Creation Act, and discusses the relationship between the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the …


Disharmonis Penyelenggaraaan Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional Bagi Aparatur Sipil Negara Di Indonesia, Prima Anindya Kartika Jan 2023

Disharmonis Penyelenggaraaan Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional Bagi Aparatur Sipil Negara Di Indonesia, Prima Anindya Kartika

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Social security system is made to actualize prosperity, welfare, and justice to Indonesian society. When Law No. 24 Year 2011 published, the existence of social security system cause discrimination, especially for government employee, because the healthcare security is merged. Moreover, the other insurance is also going to be merged with other sector such as private sector, businessman or investor, even an unemployment. It is stated in Article 65 Law No. 24 Year 2011, that PT ASABRI and PT TASPEN (PERSERO) which is now manage the pensions and retirement benefits of military and civil servants the transfer the program of Insurance …


Kausalitas Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Korupsi Terhadap Stabilitas Keuangan Negara, Nur Ghenasyarifa Albany Tanjung Jan 2023

Kausalitas Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Korupsi Terhadap Stabilitas Keuangan Negara, Nur Ghenasyarifa Albany Tanjung

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Corruption is an extraordinary crime because it touches various lines of life. One of the fundamental elements in corruption is the loss of the country's economy and finance. So far, various efforts have been made for criminal law enforcement, through various criminal sanctions, as well as the existence of an independent institution specifically tasked with conducting criminal law enforcement. However, corruption continues to be massive in Indonesia, which will also affect state losses. This article will discuss the causality of law enforcement on corruption against state financial stability. There is a causality between law enforcement of criminal acts which has …


Perlindungan Bagi Umkm Terhadap Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Nadia Feby Artharini Jan 2023

Perlindungan Bagi Umkm Terhadap Persaingan Usaha Tidak Sehat, Nadia Feby Artharini

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This journal discusses the protection of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) against unfair business competition. This research uses literature study on secondary data. The result of the research is the identification of regulations regarding unfair business competition, especially for MSMEs. Regarding the protection for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises or MSMEs against unfair business competition, there are several aspects, namely the reasons why protection for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises or MSMEs should be held against unfair business competition and the form of protection provided by the KPPU to MSMEs in unfair business competition.

Keywords: UMKM, protection, unfair business …


Analisis Sistem Pemilihan Umum Noken Di Provinsi Papua Dalam Prinsip Demokrasi Dan Sistem Hukum Nasional, Muhammad Malikul Lubbi Jan 2023

Analisis Sistem Pemilihan Umum Noken Di Provinsi Papua Dalam Prinsip Demokrasi Dan Sistem Hukum Nasional, Muhammad Malikul Lubbi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Nokensis the name of a typical Papua bag. But in matters of elections or local elections, noken is a system. There are two patterns used in this system. The first pattern, the choice of votes of all members of the tribe, is represented by the respective chiefs. The second pattern, noken functions as a substitute for the ballot box. Where the voters' ballot papers are put in noken are hung according to the number of parties or pairs of candidates. This practice has received sharp criticism from many parties since it was implemented separately in a number of districts. The …


Penanganan Situs Internet Bermuatan Negatif Menurut Undang Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Dan Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi Dan Informasi Nomor 19 Tahun 2014, Muhammad Farhansyah Hamid Jan 2023

Penanganan Situs Internet Bermuatan Negatif Menurut Undang Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2008 Dan Peraturan Menteri Komunikasi Dan Informasi Nomor 19 Tahun 2014, Muhammad Farhansyah Hamid

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper discuss about the concept of a internet sites that is defined to be negative and how’s the Indonesian law regulates it, and about the mechanism of negative site handling based of peraturan menteri komunikasi dan informasi nomor 19 tahun 2014. Furthermore, it will be discussed about the human rights to have access to the information and how negative content handling related to it. This legal research uses normative juridical approach with secondary data from national, regulations, books, and interview with sources. The result of this research is that content handling is so related to limitation of human rights …


Tugas Dan Wewenang Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Nasional Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Hak Cipta, Muhammad Faisal Jan 2023

Tugas Dan Wewenang Lembaga Manajemen Kolektif Nasional Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Hak Cipta, Muhammad Faisal

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Copyright Law No. 28 Year 2014 is bringing hope for the Creator, Copyright Owner, and Related Right Owner because this law regulated about National Collective Management Organization and Collective Management Organization where with those organizations the process of collecting and distributing the Royalti is hoped to be better where finally the Creator, Copyright Owner, and Related Right Owner do not have to think over about their economical right (royalty) and they can more focus on their new works. This writing is discussing the task and authority of the National Collective Management Organization and Collective Management Organization, how to form a …


Pembaharuan Hukum Atas Hak Cipta Di Indonesia, Lucky Adhandani Jan 2023

Pembaharuan Hukum Atas Hak Cipta Di Indonesia, Lucky Adhandani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Copyright in this era of globalization is an important commodity for international trade, but violation in copyright in Indonesia still very high, for the good legal guarantees for copyright holders and related rights holders, this legal reform is a matter the important thing is to be able to explain legal reform, The author in this case takes a review of sociological jurisprudence as a basis for researching legal reform. With interdisciplinary research methods, the sociological jurisprudence sees law not merely as a normative phenomenon but at the same time normative and sociological phenomena, because the reality of law in society …


Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Investor Dalam Pelaksanaan Transaksi Saham Dengan Sistem Perdagangan Online Trading, Indira Pratiwi Jan 2023

Perlindungan Hukum Bagi Investor Dalam Pelaksanaan Transaksi Saham Dengan Sistem Perdagangan Online Trading, Indira Pratiwi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper analyzes the mechanism of transactions with online trading systems and protection of investors in online trading transactions, specifically in stock trading. The growth of online trading shows us a method of stock trading that is suitable in the technology development era where technology is used as a vital point for financial transactions. Legal protection of investors in the implementation of online trading systems, specifically in stock trading has been regulated in some regulations but still not comprehensive. In addition to the OJK Law which regulates the protection of investors in a preventive and repressive manner, the Capital Market …


Komparasi Pengalihan Objek Jaminan Fidusia Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 1999 Tentang Jaminan Fidusia Dan Fatwa Dsn-Mui Nomor 68/Dsn-Mui/Iii/2008, Ibnu Iyadh Jan 2023

Komparasi Pengalihan Objek Jaminan Fidusia Dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 1999 Tentang Jaminan Fidusia Dan Fatwa Dsn-Mui Nomor 68/Dsn-Mui/Iii/2008, Ibnu Iyadh

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Fiduciary institutions were born with the background of fulfilling the increasing and developing needs of the community and the many shortcomings of institutions that were previously the only institutions in fulfilling the needs of the community. which results in a person being unable to continue paying their debts, so that a debt transfer is carried out, among others, namely after paying a down payment of two or three installments in the first month, the debtor is not willing to pay the remaining installments on the grounds that he only wants to experience new goods and, due to frequent defaults committed …