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Full-Text Articles in Law

Typing A Terrorist Attack: Using Tools From The War On Terror To Fight The War On Ransomware, Jake C. Porath Jan 2023

Typing A Terrorist Attack: Using Tools From The War On Terror To Fight The War On Ransomware, Jake C. Porath

Pepperdine Law Review

The United States faces a grave challenge in its fight against cyberattacks from abroad. Chief among the foreign cyber threats comes from a finite number of “ransomware-as-a-service” gangs, which are responsible for extorting billions of dollars from American citizens and companies annually. Prosecuting these cybercriminals has proven exceedingly difficult. Law enforcement often struggles to forensically trace ransomware attacks, which makes identifying and prosecuting the perpetrators challenging. Moreover, even when prosecutors can identify the perpetrators of these attacks, the ransomware gangs are headquartered in foreign adversarial nations that do not extradite criminals to the United States. Finally, ransomware gangs are governed …


Prevention Or Creation Of Terrorism? The Sri Lankan Prevention Of Terrorism Act, Abigail Castle Jan 2023

Prevention Or Creation Of Terrorism? The Sri Lankan Prevention Of Terrorism Act, Abigail Castle

Immigration and Human Rights Law Review

Abstract

The tyrannical Sri Lankan Prevention of Terrorism Act (“PTA”) has been in effect for over forty years. Dating back to the decades-long civil war, the PTA has terrorized Sri Lankan citizens. The PTA authorizes the Sri Lankan government to arbitrarily detain citizens without warrants for up to eighteen months; use torture to extract confessions; and target protesters, minority groups, and political opponents. The PTA creates a breeding ground for numerous human rights violations with no accountability for the officials who commit human rights abuses. The use of the Act has intensified since 2019 with the Easter Sunday Bombings and …


Adopting Components Of European Union Esg Securities Regulations Into United States Securities Regulation, Chris Wright Jan 2023

Adopting Components Of European Union Esg Securities Regulations Into United States Securities Regulation, Chris Wright

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Places In Purgatory: Accumulation Through Dispossession In U.S. Territories, Erin Mccracken Jan 2023

Places In Purgatory: Accumulation Through Dispossession In U.S. Territories, Erin Mccracken

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Men Are Winning: Why Paid Paternity Leave Has Not Taken Full Flight In The United States, Nina Franco Jan 2023

Men Are Winning: Why Paid Paternity Leave Has Not Taken Full Flight In The United States, Nina Franco

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Mapping The Evolution Of Legitimacy: Arbitration Clauses In Investment Chapters Of American International Free Trade Agreements, Victoria Crynes Jan 2023

Mapping The Evolution Of Legitimacy: Arbitration Clauses In Investment Chapters Of American International Free Trade Agreements, Victoria Crynes

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Emancipating Human Rights Protection From The State's Stronghold: The Need For Multi-Stakeholder Solutions, Mariana Olaizola Rosenblat Jan 2023

Emancipating Human Rights Protection From The State's Stronghold: The Need For Multi-Stakeholder Solutions, Mariana Olaizola Rosenblat

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Comparative Rights To Counsel And Access To Justice: The American And Brazilian Approaches And Realities, Fernanda Antunes Marques Junqueira, Flavio Da Costa Higa, Benjamin H. Barton Jan 2023

Comparative Rights To Counsel And Access To Justice: The American And Brazilian Approaches And Realities, Fernanda Antunes Marques Junqueira, Flavio Da Costa Higa, Benjamin H. Barton

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


An Imperfect War: The Legality Of The 'Soleimani Strike' And Why The Biden Administration Should Adopt Its Precedent For Future Operations In Iraq And Afghanistan, Stephen Jackson Jan 2023

An Imperfect War: The Legality Of The 'Soleimani Strike' And Why The Biden Administration Should Adopt Its Precedent For Future Operations In Iraq And Afghanistan, Stephen Jackson

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Democratic Accountability In Stressful Times: When Decisions Must Be Made Quickly, Letizia Gianni Jan 2023

Democratic Accountability In Stressful Times: When Decisions Must Be Made Quickly, Letizia Gianni

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Dedication Jan 2023

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Foreword Jan 2023

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents Jan 2023

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Commercialization Of Separated Human Body Parts - Unpacking Instrumentalization Approach, Arseny Shevelev, Georgy Shevelev Jan 2023

Commercialization Of Separated Human Body Parts - Unpacking Instrumentalization Approach, Arseny Shevelev, Georgy Shevelev

Pace International Law Review

The principle of non-commercialization, which prohibits trade in separated human body parts, has long been firmly embedded in many European legal orders and has become an integral part of them. However, many new uses for human biomaterials have now been discovered, and the need for them has reached a historical climax. This paper aims to explain the main tenets of non-commercialization theory, including such principles as human dignity and need to protect human’s health, and to show that these categories have so far been understood in a very one-sided and visceral way, and largely in contradiction to their true spirit. …


From Well-Side Meetings To Pelican Strategy: A Context-Based Approach To Combat Corruption, Lili Yan Jan 2023

From Well-Side Meetings To Pelican Strategy: A Context-Based Approach To Combat Corruption, Lili Yan

Pace International Law Review

This article takes up the question of what strategy is to be used among different communities to eradicate corruption across borders. The debate between two legal scholars, Steven Salbu and Philip Nichols, over the viability of extraterritorial application of anti-bribery laws remains thought-provoking when we look at the effectiveness of the OECD Anti-bribery Convention or FCPA in curbing corruption. Empirical research shows that firms from countries with extraterritorial legal restrictions do not necessarily refrain themselves from paying bribes in foreign transactions. This article ties the Salbu-Nichols’ debate, ISCT, mediating institutions theory, and Pelican Gambits strategy together to structure a context …


Discrimination On The Basis Of Nationality Under The Convention On The Elimination Of Racial Discrimination, William Thomas Worster Jan 2023

Discrimination On The Basis Of Nationality Under The Convention On The Elimination Of Racial Discrimination, William Thomas Worster

Pace International Law Review

Following a recent judgment by the International Court of Justice (ICJ), a divergence has opened between the Court and the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD Committee) over whether the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) covers nationality-based discrimination. The ICJ held that the CERD does not, but the CERD Committee had previously held the opposite. The solution to this difference is to recognize that the CERD excludes discrimination between citizens and aliens, and, in this, the ICJ was correct. However, this discrimination is distinct from discrimination between foreign persons on the basis …


The Future Of Pandemics: Land Use Controls As Means Of Preventing Zoonotic Disease, Bailey Andree Jan 2023

The Future Of Pandemics: Land Use Controls As Means Of Preventing Zoonotic Disease, Bailey Andree

Pace International Law Review

Zoonotic diseases are increasing in frequency as climate change worsens around the world, with the recent COVID-19 pandemic highlighting the inadequate mechanisms in place to counteract disease spread. This article reviews various zoonotic diseases and their patterns of spread, highlighting land use change as the key driver of disease to demonstrate the need for legal intervention. International land use law is a little-developed subsect of environmental law that holds the key to combating this disease spread, and this article proposes solutions through this legal lens. Land use techniques which may be used to combat disease spread include conservation laws, setback …


Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina Jan 2023

Kepastian Hukum Kantor Perwakilan Badan Usaha Jasa Konstruksi Asing Dalam Melakukan Kegiatan Usaha Di Indonesia, Emy Mutia Zahrina

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Representative offices are present in Indonesia in order to meet the needs of global economic growth in all countries. Multinational companies expand their business to other countries through relocation policies. The aim is none other than an effort to reduce production costs through a number of comparative advantages possessed by Indonesia as well as seizing such a large market for these products, and through this way multinational companies benefit. The presence of representative offices in Indonesia is regulated by Presidential Decree Number 90 of 2000 concerning Representative Offices of Foreign Companies. Through the Presidential Decree, the government limits the scope …


Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun Jan 2023

Cross-Border Transfer Pricing Sebagai Tindakan Tax Avoidance, Elleanor Rigby Bangun

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Transfer Pricing refers to pricing transaction within and between enterprises situated in different countries and belong to the same multinational group. Cross-border transaction inevitably affects international taxation, especially when multinational enterprises encounter two or more countries that apply different tax collection systems. Consequently, a Tax Treaty (Perjanjian Penghindaran Pajak Berganda/P3B) is made to resolve issues involving double taxation. However, since the Tax Treaty’s benefits vary by country, the investors or companies tend to abuse the agreement in order to gain the most profitable benefits or incentives. Abusing the benefits of Tax Treaty (P3B) could be categorized as an act against …


Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi Jan 2023

Resentralisasi Kewenagan Pengelolaan Pertambangan Mineral Dan Batura, Muhammad Salman Al Farisi

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Amendments to Law No. 4 of 2009 became Law No. 4 of 2009 withdrawing almost all local government authority into central authority. Leaving room for delegation of some of the authority of the Central Government to provincial regional governments for the issuance of IPR and SIPB, even district-city governments no longer have space for authority over coal mineral mining matters. the authority of provincial or district/city regional governments in mining affairs, is a concurrent matter which in its handling involves the central government and regional governments, withdraws most of the authority and does not involve regional governments, of course it …


Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat Jan 2023

Analisis Terhadap Penerapan Asas Formil Dan Materiil Pembentukan Rancangan Undang-Undang Tentang Penghapusan Kekerasan Seksual, Siti Sharhana Drajat

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Sexual violence in Indonesia has caused a public’s worry. The bill on the elimination of sexual violence (RUU PKS) is considered very important to be passed. Purpose of this article is to analyze the suitability of the principles in the RUU PKS with Indonesian act of Formulation of Laws and Regulation Number 12 of 2011 (UU P3). The method used in writing this article uses the normative legal research. Results of this study are formal principles in the anti sexual violence bill is appropriate with the UU P3 except the principle of openness. Likewise with the material principles in the …


Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani Jan 2023

Analisis Kritis Mengenai Percepatan Waktu Penagihan Utang Dalam Sengketa-Sengketa Kepailitan, Siti Rahmah Sari Ramadhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Law Number 37 of 2004 (UUK-PKPU) is a refinement of the old bankruptcy regulation of Faillissementsverordening (Fv) and Law Number 4 of 1998 (UUK). Completion is done in order to meet the needs and solve problems that arise in connection with bankruptcy. However, despite the changes and improvements to the regulation, there are still problems that arise, especially in accelerating the timing of debt collection (acceleration). In the UKK and Fv acceleration is not regulated normatively. So the judge has the discretion to make the discovery of the law differently in each case. In UUK-PKPU acceleration found in the explanation …


Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati Jan 2023

Tinjauan Hukum Penerapan Hak Mendahulu Utang Pajak Dalam Perkara Kepailitan Pt Industries Badja Garuda Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 37 Tahun 2004 Tentang Kepailitan Dan Penundaan Kewajiban Pembayaran Utang, Siti Fatimah Citra Nurislamiati

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

This paper discusses the application of pre-emptive rights over tax debt collection in bankruptcy disputes regulated in Article 41 paragraph (3) of Law Number 37 of 2004 concerning the Bankruptcy and Deferral of Debt Payment Obligations displayed by the Directorate General of Taxes. Tax debts outside the bankruptcy process for compulsory taxes are being filed for bankruptcy by requesting the Commercial Court to return all tax liabilities that would harm the interests of the country. In the event that a taxpayer has been declared bankrupt, the Directorate General of Taxes still has the right to overtake and is privileged, requesting …


Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah Jan 2023

Kedudukan Bukti Tidak Langsung (Indirect Evidence) Dalam Penyelesaian Praktik Kartel Di Indonesia, Siti Aminah

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The purpose of this paper is to find out and analyze the position of Indirect evidence used by KPPU in the completion of cartel practices in Indonesia and to analyze indirect evidence in terms of systems of verification in Indonesia. The research method used in this writing is a method of legal research that is prescriptive. The position of Indirect Evidence or evidence in the process of evidence can be accepted as evidence in proof of a cartel case and is evidence that must support the occurrence of alleged cartel practices in terms of price fixing and this indirect evidence …


Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri Jan 2023

Tinjauan Resi Gudang Sebagai Lembaga Jaminan, Savitri Islamiana Putri

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity Warehouse Receipt System is expected as a solution to overcome the fall in commodity prices at harvest by storing farmers' harvests in the warehouse. The building manager will issue a Warehouse Receipt as proof of ownership of the goods stored as collateral for the debt that can be transferred by the inventory collateral. Therefore, the government Act No. 9 of 2011 concerning Amendment to Law No. 9 of 2006 concerning the Warehouse Receipt System (SRG Law). This research seeks to answer can the warehouse receipt provisions …


Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda Jan 2023

Analisis Hukum Terhadap Perlindungan Nasabah Dalam Menggunakan Internet Banking Di Indonesia (Studi Kasus Bank X), Salsabila Putrianda

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

With the present development of technology and the internet, everything has been made easier. One sector that is affected by the development of information and communication technology is Banking, an economic sub-sector that mobilizes public funds. Behind the convenience obtained from the use of Internet Banking, there are also risks that can be used in the use of this service, among others, many violations of law regarding personal data via the Internet and also regarding financial risks suffered by bank customers in the use of Internet Banking The IT criminals cause the Banking industry to be able to prepare security …


Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis Jan 2023

Dampak Ketiadaan Perda Penetapan Ukl/Upl Pada Kepastian Hukum Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Di Bidang Lingkungan Hidup, Puteri Amirillis

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

The case of mangrove damage on the South Coast of West Sumatra in 2016-2017 where the defendant was a Deputy Regent who owned land in the Nagari Mandeh area, Pesisir Selatan, West Sumatra. The land was built without an environmental permit. The absence of an environmental permit has emerged because of the mangrove damage. This paper focuses on the absence of environmental permits because there is no stipulation on the types of businesses that are required to have UKL / UPL which should be stipulated by a regional regulation (Perda) by the Regional Government of the Pesisir Selatan Regency. This …


Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani Jan 2023

Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan Hidup Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Dalam Kerangka Otonomi Daerah, Prahesti Sekar Kumandhani

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Environmental law enforcement by regional governments in the context of regional autonomy is an important part of realizing quality environmental protection and management through the formation of regional legal policies. Regional legal policies regarding the protection and management of life-based on statutory regulations at the central level also influence the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the regions. This article aims to review the pattern of environmental law enforcement based on the Law on Environmental Protection and Management, the Regional Government Law, and the Job Creation Act, and discusses the relationship between the functioning of environmental law enforcement in the …


Disharmonis Penyelenggaraaan Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional Bagi Aparatur Sipil Negara Di Indonesia, Prima Anindya Kartika Jan 2023

Disharmonis Penyelenggaraaan Sistem Jaminan Sosial Nasional Bagi Aparatur Sipil Negara Di Indonesia, Prima Anindya Kartika

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Social security system is made to actualize prosperity, welfare, and justice to Indonesian society. When Law No. 24 Year 2011 published, the existence of social security system cause discrimination, especially for government employee, because the healthcare security is merged. Moreover, the other insurance is also going to be merged with other sector such as private sector, businessman or investor, even an unemployment. It is stated in Article 65 Law No. 24 Year 2011, that PT ASABRI and PT TASPEN (PERSERO) which is now manage the pensions and retirement benefits of military and civil servants the transfer the program of Insurance …


Kausalitas Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Korupsi Terhadap Stabilitas Keuangan Negara, Nur Ghenasyarifa Albany Tanjung Jan 2023

Kausalitas Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Korupsi Terhadap Stabilitas Keuangan Negara, Nur Ghenasyarifa Albany Tanjung

"Dharmasisya” Jurnal Program Magister Hukum FHUI

Corruption is an extraordinary crime because it touches various lines of life. One of the fundamental elements in corruption is the loss of the country's economy and finance. So far, various efforts have been made for criminal law enforcement, through various criminal sanctions, as well as the existence of an independent institution specifically tasked with conducting criminal law enforcement. However, corruption continues to be massive in Indonesia, which will also affect state losses. This article will discuss the causality of law enforcement on corruption against state financial stability. There is a causality between law enforcement of criminal acts which has …