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Full-Text Articles in Law

Novel Food Ingredients: Food Safety Law, Animal Testing, And Consumer Perspectives, Taimie Bryant Sep 2022

Novel Food Ingredients: Food Safety Law, Animal Testing, And Consumer Perspectives, Taimie Bryant

Marquette Law Review

In recent years, some major food companies have publicly stated that they will no longer test their product ingredients on animals. Yet despite the availability of more reliably predictive non-animal toxicity tests, some companies continue testing novel food ingredients on animals. This Article uses the lens of a particular innovative plant-based food company’s decision to test a novel food ingredient on animals as a means of considering more generally whether any food producer has rational legal reasons for testing on animals. The Article explores FDA requirements, consumer food safety litigation, and judicial evaluation of animal test data, all of which …


Legal Implications Of A Ubiquitous Metaverse And A Web3 Future, Jon M. Garon Sep 2022

Legal Implications Of A Ubiquitous Metaverse And A Web3 Future, Jon M. Garon

Marquette Law Review

The metaverse is understood to be an immersive virtual world serving as the locus for all forms of work, education, and entertainment experiences. Depicted in books, movies, and games, the metaverse has the potential not just to supplement real-world experiences but to substantially supplant them. This Article explores the rapid emergence and evolution of the Web3 technologies at the heart of the metaverse movement. Web3 itself is a paradigmatic shift in internet commerce.


Holmes V. Walton And Its Enduring Lessons For Originalism, Justin W. Aimonetti Sep 2022

Holmes V. Walton And Its Enduring Lessons For Originalism, Justin W. Aimonetti

Marquette Law Review

Originalism is nothing new. And the New Jersey Supreme Court’s 1780 decision in Holmes v. Walton shows it. In that case, the New Jersey Supreme Court disallowed a state law as repugnant to the state constitution because the law permitted a jury of only six to render a judgment. To reach that result, the court looked to the fixed, original meaning of the jury trial guarantee embedded in the state constitution, and it then constrained its interpretive latitude in conformity with that fixed meaning. Holmes thus cuts against the common misconception that originalism as an interpretive methodology is a modern …


In The Name Of “Justice”: Shiffra-Green Motions And Their Unintended Harms, Katharine A. Adler Sep 2022

In The Name Of “Justice”: Shiffra-Green Motions And Their Unintended Harms, Katharine A. Adler

Marquette Law Review

Sexual assault victims face many barriers to reporting the violence they have experienced. As few as one-third of sexual assaults are reported to the police and even fewer result in criminal charges. The criminal justice system can be grueling for sexual assault victims and carries with it the possibility of testifying at trial in front of their perpetrators, an experience that is daunting at best and terrifying at worst. Because of how few cases make it into the court system, along with how difficult the process can be for victims, any legal mechanisms that would create an unnecessary barrier to …


The First Amendment And The Regulation Of Speech Intermediaries, Shaun B. Spencer Sep 2022

The First Amendment And The Regulation Of Speech Intermediaries, Shaun B. Spencer

Marquette Law Review

Calls to regulate social media platforms abound on both sides of the political spectrum. Some want to prevent platforms from deplatforming users or moderating content, while others want them to deplatform more users and moderate more content. Both types of regulation will draw First Amendment challenges. As Justices Thomas and Alito have observed, applying settled First Amendment doctrine to emerging regulation of social media platforms presents significant analytical challenges.


Some Observations On Separation Of Powers And The Wisconsin Constitution, Chad M. Oldfather Jul 2022

Some Observations On Separation Of Powers And The Wisconsin Constitution, Chad M. Oldfather

Marquette Law Review

In recent years the Wisconsin Supreme Court has decided several high- profile cases concerning the separation of powers under the state constitution. In the abstract, questions concerning the separation of powers do not seem inherently partisan, largely because the partisan balance of government will shift over time. Yet, as has been the case with many of its recent decisions, the justices’ votes have broken along what most observers regard as partisan lines, and the opinions have featured heated prose including accusations of result orientation and methodological illegitimacy.


Presuit Lawyer Information Duties Relevant To Civil Litigation, Jeffrey A. Parness Jul 2022

Presuit Lawyer Information Duties Relevant To Civil Litigation, Jeffrey A. Parness

Marquette Law Review

In both federal and state courts in the United States, there are significant civil procedure, professional responsibility, and substantive laws addressing presuit lawyer duties on creating, preserving, producing, and protecting information relevant to later civil litigation. These laws speak to lawyer conduct both in personally handling information and in overseeing the information acts of others. To date, the challenges these laws pose to lawyers have not been well examined, or even largely perceived. And, to date, lawyers have been left unaccountable for their personal violations of these duties.


A Survey Of Civil Procedure: Technology To Covid-19 Within State Courts, Joshua H. Hernandez Jul 2022

A Survey Of Civil Procedure: Technology To Covid-19 Within State Courts, Joshua H. Hernandez

Marquette Law Review

The COVID-19 pandemic catalyzed the implementation of technological innovation within the legal field. Specifically, state courts used technology to adjust their civil procedures while maintaining accurate results, limiting costs, and providing meaningful participation to varying degrees of success. In addition, given the piecemeal nature of these adjustments, there is a lack of knowledge regarding what actions were taken in the early months of the pandemic. Thus, this Comment conducts a survey focusing on how the states adjusted their judicial civil procedures to respond to COVID-19’s impact. This Comment then argues that the most liberal implementation of technological adjustments may not …


A Legal Map Of New Local Parkland, Daniel B. Rosenbaum Jul 2022

A Legal Map Of New Local Parkland, Daniel B. Rosenbaum

Marquette Law Review

Public parks play consequential roles in local communities. Parks can raise property values, encourage or inhibit sprawl, and promote health, safety, and social cohesion. The decision to create a park affects development in the surrounding area and dictates which residents can easily access the property’s new amenities—and which residents cannot.

Yet, public stakeholders are given few signposts in making and monitoring public park acquisitions. Data on new parkland is scarce; moreover, the legal framework undergirding the process is poorly understood and rarely explored, particularly at the local government level. Although local governments are America’s leading stewards and gatekeepers of public …


Does Public Health Start Within Jails? A New Incentive For Reform Of Wisconsin's Bail System, Mahmood N. Abdellatif Jul 2022

Does Public Health Start Within Jails? A New Incentive For Reform Of Wisconsin's Bail System, Mahmood N. Abdellatif

Marquette Law Review

Wisconsin’s Milwaukee and Dane Counties are among many jurisdictions in the country employing modern bail reforms, specifically the Public Safety Assessment (PSA). Most of these jurisdictions adopted the PSA before the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, but are increasingly relevant as the virus continues to derail public health measures. Through the intersection of detainees, correctional officers, judicial officials, attorneys, and visitors, millions of Americans filter in and out of correctional facilities on an annual basis. These facilities serve as a microcosm of society and breeding ground for mass infection. The COVID-19 pandemic amplified an existing need …


Quiescent Sovereignty Of U.S. Territories, Michael J. Kelly Apr 2022

Quiescent Sovereignty Of U.S. Territories, Michael J. Kelly

Marquette Law Review

Under modern democratic theory, the font of sovereignty springs from the people; however, traces of its past as a power emanating from the Crown continue to haunt the domestic and international status of sub-sovereign legal entities such as U.S. Territories. Quiescent sovereignty describes that which is possessed by the people of the Territories; a sovereignty that is theirs, but that is wielded on their behalf by the federal government. Although fiduciary responsibilities attach to this arrangement, cycles of attention/neglect are the modus vivendi. Bilateral relationships between the Territories and the federal government are varied, but such differences should not impact …


A New Metaphor: How Artificial Intelligence Links Legal Reasoning And Mathematical Thinking, Melissa E. Love Koenig, Colleen Mandell Apr 2022

A New Metaphor: How Artificial Intelligence Links Legal Reasoning And Mathematical Thinking, Melissa E. Love Koenig, Colleen Mandell

Marquette Law Review

Artificial intelligence’s (AI’s) impact on the legal community expands exponentially each year. As AI advances, lawyers have more powerful tools to enhance their ability to research and analyze the law, as well as to draft contracts and other legal documents. Lawyers are already using tools powered by AI and are learning to shift their methodologies to take advantage of these enhancements. To continue to grow into their shifting role, lawyers should understand the relationship between AI, mathematics, and legal reasoning.


Informational Regulation, The Environment, And The Public, Katrina Fischer Kuh Apr 2022

Informational Regulation, The Environment, And The Public, Katrina Fischer Kuh

Marquette Law Review

Informational Regulation, the Environment, and the Public generates a typology to analyze how public disclosure functions in informational regulation. In the environmental context, informational regulation compels the public disclosure of environmental information without mandating substantive environmental outcomes in the expectation that disclosure itself will prompt beneficial change in the environmental context. Application of the Article’s typology reveals that the emperor has no clothes: Communication of environmental information to the public is considered central to policies employing informational regulation, but the information produced pursuant to these measures largely fails to reach or be understood by lay individuals. For example, empirical data …


Republication Liability On The Web, Jeffrey Standen Apr 2022

Republication Liability On The Web, Jeffrey Standen

Marquette Law Review

The tort of defamation evolved in an era where defamatory speech was published in books, magazines, newspapers, or other printed documents. The doctrines that are antecedent to the tort, such as publication, fault, defamation per se, presumed damages, and republication liability, similarly presumed that most defamation would appear in written form in a published work. Similarly, the significant limitations on defamation liability that were produced by a succession of Supreme Court constitutional precedent, including restrictions on prior restraint, heightened fault standards, expanded “public” classes, the “fact/opinion” dichotomy, and the “truth/substantial truth” burden shifting, also were based on a publishing world …


The Impact Of Social Security Of Dependents And Financing Of Post-Secondary Education Of Dependents On Support Obligations In Particularly California Divorces After The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Of 2017, John R. Dorocak Mar 2022

The Impact Of Social Security Of Dependents And Financing Of Post-Secondary Education Of Dependents On Support Obligations In Particularly California Divorces After The Tax Cuts And Jobs Act Of 2017, John R. Dorocak

Marquette Benefits and Social Welfare Law Review

The 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act made alimony in divorce decrees and separation agreements entered into after December 31, 2018, neither deductible by the payor nor income to the payee for federal income tax purposes. Likely, that change in the tax law will result in less income to payees in a divorce and higher taxes for payors. In California, support in divorces is basically calculated by the software program Dissomaster. With payors facing higher taxes, such payors may look for possible sources of additional income for paying support. Payors may receive a credit in California against the support obligation …


Wisconsin's 2011 Act 108, Legislative Inaction, And Severe Racial Disparity: A Recipe For A Fair Housing Violation, Taylor N. Haefele Mar 2022

Wisconsin's 2011 Act 108, Legislative Inaction, And Severe Racial Disparity: A Recipe For A Fair Housing Violation, Taylor N. Haefele

Marquette Benefits and Social Welfare Law Review

When individuals are released from prison, the biggest predictor of whether they will reoffend or successfully reenter society is whether the recently released individual has access to stable housing. Unfortunately, nearly every avenue to housing requires passing a criminal background check. Recognizing this as posing a nearly insurmountable barrier to accessing stable housing upon release from prison, Seattle, Washington; Minneapolis, Minnesota; and San Francisco, California have all enacted ordinances regulating the use of background checks to help ensure access to stable housing for formerly incarcerated individuals. Madison, Wisconsin, and other Wisconsin cities had similar ordinances that regulated the use of …


A Critical Jeffersonian Mind For A Community Reinvestment Bind, Chaz D. Brooks Mar 2022

A Critical Jeffersonian Mind For A Community Reinvestment Bind, Chaz D. Brooks

Marquette Benefits and Social Welfare Law Review

The Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 ("CRA") primarily sought to remedy decades of government sanctioned disinvestment in so-called “redlined communities.” Through the Home Owners’ Loan Corporation and later the Federal Housing Administration, the United States of America created from whole cloth a structure that encouraged and subsidized the explosion of homeownership in white American households. Following decades of racialized wealth generation, the United States had a change of heart. Congress determined that financiers needed a gentle push to invest fairly. Additionally, Congress wanted one thing clear in the drafting of this remedy— it must not allocate credit. This essay considers …


Your Liberty Is Not A Right To Jeopardize My Health: How A State Covid-19 Vaccine Mandate Promotes Health Justice, Rebecca L. Doloski Mar 2022

Your Liberty Is Not A Right To Jeopardize My Health: How A State Covid-19 Vaccine Mandate Promotes Health Justice, Rebecca L. Doloski

Marquette Benefits and Social Welfare Law Review

The COVID-19 pandemic has once again brought the vaccine debate into the national spotlight. Except this time, whether to be vaccinated or not has become widely politicized and the rapid spread of misinformation has led to a deadly game of those who refuse to be vaccinated not only allowing themselves to be susceptible to a deadly virus, but also putting others at risk. In addition to the misinformation and politicization of this issue, the question of constitutionality of such measures is back in the spotlight as potential state vaccine mandates appear to be on the horizon. This paper seeks to …


Labor & Employment Law Guidance For Professional Sports Teams, Christopher R. Deubert Jan 2022

Labor & Employment Law Guidance For Professional Sports Teams, Christopher R. Deubert

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Think Like Adidas: A Quantitative Analysis Of Adidas' Trademark Protection Strategies, Katie M. Brown, Natasha T. Brison Jan 2022

Think Like Adidas: A Quantitative Analysis Of Adidas' Trademark Protection Strategies, Katie M. Brown, Natasha T. Brison

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


College Football: Proposals For Structural Reform And Antitrust Implications, Drew Thornley Jan 2022

College Football: Proposals For Structural Reform And Antitrust Implications, Drew Thornley

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Bosman And Beyond: How A Court Decision A Quarter Century Ago Impacted Football On And Off The Pitch, James J. Wold Jan 2022

Bosman And Beyond: How A Court Decision A Quarter Century Ago Impacted Football On And Off The Pitch, James J. Wold

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


It's (Not) All Par For The Course: An In-Depth Analysis Of The Pga's Controversial Nonprofit Status, Laurel C. Montag Jan 2022

It's (Not) All Par For The Course: An In-Depth Analysis Of The Pga's Controversial Nonprofit Status, Laurel C. Montag

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Pros And Kahns: The Proper Coach Liability Standard For Athlete Injuries In Collegiate Athletics, Mark R. Hamilton Jr. Jan 2022

Pros And Kahns: The Proper Coach Liability Standard For Athlete Injuries In Collegiate Athletics, Mark R. Hamilton Jr.

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


We've Got Spirit, But Now We Want Rights Too!, Sara A. Thurber Jan 2022

We've Got Spirit, But Now We Want Rights Too!, Sara A. Thurber

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents Jan 2022

Table Of Contents

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Ethics Of Sign Stealing In College Football, Joshua D. Winneker, Ian Silfies Jan 2022

The Ethics Of Sign Stealing In College Football, Joshua D. Winneker, Ian Silfies

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Intersection Of Trademark Law, Athletes, And Money: A "Three-Peat®", Abby R. Glaus Jan 2022

The Intersection Of Trademark Law, Athletes, And Money: A "Three-Peat®", Abby R. Glaus

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


2021 Annual Survey: Recent Developments In Sports Law, Abby R. Glaus Jan 2022

2021 Annual Survey: Recent Developments In Sports Law, Abby R. Glaus

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


Index: Sports Law In Law Reviews And Journals, Abby R. Glaus Jan 2022

Index: Sports Law In Law Reviews And Journals, Abby R. Glaus

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.