Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 25088

Full-Text Articles in Law

Finding Law, Stephen E. Sachs Jan 2019

Finding Law, Stephen E. Sachs

Faculty Scholarship

That the judge's task is to find the law, not to make it, was once a commonplace of our legal culture. Today, decades after Erie, the idea of a common law discovered by judges is commonly dismissed -- as a "fallacy," an "illusion," a "brooding omnipresence in the sky." That dismissive view is wrong. Expecting judges to find unwritten law is no childish fiction of the benighted past, but a real and plausible option for a modern legal system.

This Essay seeks to restore the respectability of finding law, in part by responding to two criticisms made by Erie and ...


Highly Skilled Immigration In The United States In An Age Of Globalization: An Institutional And Agency Approach, Marcela F. González Sep 2018

Highly Skilled Immigration In The United States In An Age Of Globalization: An Institutional And Agency Approach, Marcela F. González

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

My dissertation proposes an institutional and agency approach in order to answer a new question to a new set of conditions, processes, and architecture of the new immigration trend for highly skilled immigration in the United States that emerged in the 1990s. The complexification of visa policies for highly skilled immigrants since the 1990s forces many immigrants to follow a multi-step legal pathway to acquire legal permanent residency: first, immigrants have a variety of temporary legal statuses or no legal status, and in a subsequent stage they achieve legal permanent residency. The central question that organizes the dissertation has two ...


Is Government Really Broken?, Cary Coglianese Jul 2018

Is Government Really Broken?, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship

The widespread public angst that surfaced around the 2016 presidential election in the United States revealed that many Americans believe their government has become badly broken. Given the serious problems that continue to persist in society—crime, illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, discrimination, and more—these beliefs in a government breakdown are understandable. Yet a breakdown is actually far from self-evident. In this paper, I explain how diagnoses of governmental performance depend on the perspective from which current conditions in the country are viewed. Certainly when judged against a standard of perfection, America has a long way to go. But perfection is ...


The Rise Of Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn Jun 2018

The Rise Of Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Compares market urbanism to new urbanism and to defenders of suburban sprawl. Like new urbanists, market urbanists find urban life to be socially valuable, and emphasize that sprawl is not always in line with consumer preferences. But market urbanists are more likely to emphasize the role of government regulation in creating suburbanization, and to oppose anti-sprawl land use regulations.


Around Campus Jun 2018

Around Campus

DePaul Magazine

Reburying the Dead: Returning control of ancient remains to Native American tribes; Communicating Climate Change: DePaul professor discusses effective ways to connect with skeptical and disengaged audiences; The Great Mind of Michael Shannon


Passive Investors, Jill E. Fisch, Asaf Hamdani, Steven Davidoff Solomon Jun 2018

Passive Investors, Jill E. Fisch, Asaf Hamdani, Steven Davidoff Solomon

Faculty Scholarship

The increasing percentage of the modern capital markets owned by passive investors – index funds and ETFs – has received extensive media and academic attention. This growing ownership concentration as well as the potential power of passive investors to affect both corporate governance and operational decision-making at their portfolio firms has led some commentators to call for passive investors to be subject to increased regulation and even disenfranchisement. These reactions fail to account for the institutional structure of passive investors and the market context in which they operate. Specifically, this literature assumes that passive investors compete primarily on cost and that, as ...


The History Of The University Of New Mexico School Of Law Librarians' Fight For Faculty Status And Equal Voting Rights, Ernesto A. Longa Jun 2018

The History Of The University Of New Mexico School Of Law Librarians' Fight For Faculty Status And Equal Voting Rights, Ernesto A. Longa

Ernesto A. Longa

Based on research of over sixty years of archival records, this article presents a case study of the University of New Mexico School of Law librarians’ fight for respect, professional recognition, faculty status, and voting rights in the face of persistent opposition from law school administrators, faculty, and head librarians.


Teaching Apportionment, Charles M. Biles Jun 2018

Teaching Apportionment, Charles M. Biles

IdeaFest: Interdisciplinary Journal of Creative Works and Research from Humboldt State University

No abstract provided.


The Nuremberg Trials Project At Harvard Law School: Making History Accessible To All, Judith A. Haran Jun 2018

The Nuremberg Trials Project At Harvard Law School: Making History Accessible To All, Judith A. Haran

Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies

This article is primarily a case study of the Nuremberg Trials Project at the Harvard Law School Library in Cambridge, Massachusetts. It begins with an historical note about the war crimes trials and their documentary record, including the fate of the several tons of trial documents that were distributed in 1949. The second part of the article is a description of the Harvard Law School Nuremberg project, including its history, goals, logistical considerations, digitization process and challenges, and resulting impact. The structure and function of the project website is described, followed by a description of a typical user experience, the ...


Is Antitrust's Consumer Welfare Principle Imperiled?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jun 2018

Is Antitrust's Consumer Welfare Principle Imperiled?, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship

Antitrust’s consumer welfare principle stands for the proposition that antitrust policy should encourage markets to produce output as high as is consistent with sustainable competition, and prices that are accordingly as low. Such a policy does not protect every interest group. For example, it opposes the interests of cartels or other competition-limiting associations who profit from lower output and higher prices. It also runs counter to the interest of less competitive firms that need higher prices in order to survive. Market structure is relevant to antitrust policy, but its importance is contingent rather than absolute – that is, market structure ...


Cryptocurrency Competition And The U.S. Monetary System, Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde Jun 2018

Cryptocurrency Competition And The U.S. Monetary System, Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde

Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative

Advocates of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin believe that having currency competition will help achieve the economic objective of price stability. This Issue Brief summarizes research that explores whether competition among privately issued fiat currencies can actually produce price stability. The research finds that in most cases, a system of private monies does not deliver price stability. And even when it does, it always is subject to self-fulfilling inflationary episodes, and it supplies a suboptimal amount of money. Although there is no economic reason to curb the use of cryptocurrencies at the moment, it is important to review key regulatory issues ...


Illustrating A Technical Manual: Copyright And Fair Use In A Real World Professional Context, Karyn Hinkle Jun 2018

Illustrating A Technical Manual: Copyright And Fair Use In A Real World Professional Context, Karyn Hinkle

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

This lesson was developed for students preparing to enter professional practice who were assigned to write and/or illustrate a technical howto manual on a topic of their choice (how to put on ski boots, draw blood, use a fitness tracking app, etc.). The teaching librarian conducts a class session on finding and creating images to illustrate the manuals and teaches differences between using copyrighted and non-copyrighted images. The students work on finding images in the public domain, creating their own images, and incorporating copyrighted images via Creative Commons licenses and the principle of fair use. Librarians can teach this ...


Reforming Children's Rights: The Criminalization Of Youth At The Intersection Of Schools And Juvenile Justice Systems, Nicole Carbone Jun 2018

Reforming Children's Rights: The Criminalization Of Youth At The Intersection Of Schools And Juvenile Justice Systems, Nicole Carbone

Global Honors Theses

This thesis examines children’s rights and support structures for youth of color in the United States, while relying on South Africa as a framework of the needed balance between individual rights and enforcement in a democratic country. Institutionalized racism and treatment of children can be seen throughout many different cultural histories. However, the United States is the only country that has not ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, with no robust standard on the treatment of children across the Country. Because of this, the literature review explores the consequences youth of color face in ...


Reconsidering The Immutability Of "Race": An Examination Of The Disconnect Between "Race" In Title Vii Jurisprudence And Social Science Literature, Natalie Tupta Jun 2018

Reconsidering The Immutability Of "Race": An Examination Of The Disconnect Between "Race" In Title Vii Jurisprudence And Social Science Literature, Natalie Tupta

Graduate Student Research Symposium

This paper discusses reconceptualizing racial discrimination under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act in light of modern social science theories on racial identity. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, and the judiciary calls these bases for discrimination “protected classes.” To bring a successful legal claim under Title VII, a person must demonstrate that she actually belongs to a protected class. In the case of a claim of racial discrimination, this means the plaintiff must belong to a racial group based on immutable characteristics, which are traits that cannot simply ...


Human Trafficking In Japan Through The Use Of Schoolgirls, Khyrsten Acadimia Jun 2018

Human Trafficking In Japan Through The Use Of Schoolgirls, Khyrsten Acadimia

International ResearchScape Journal

Joshi Kosei (JK Business), is the integration of schoolgirls in the human trafficking industry in Japan. It is a form of compensated dating called “Enjo Kosai.” Japan is currently ranked as a tier 2 country within the Trafficking in Persons 2017 report that is conducted by the United States Department of State. This is due to the lack of enforcement behind the current policies to prosecute traffickers and protect victims. This paper traces the human trafficking industry from World War II to present times, as well as the Joshi Kosei phenomena from the 1990s to the present. After that there ...


Book Review: Business And Commercial Litigation In Federal Courts (Fourth), Roger Z. Bollman Jun 2018

Book Review: Business And Commercial Litigation In Federal Courts (Fourth), Roger Z. Bollman

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Failing Our Workers: How The Fmla And Rfra Disadvantage Female Workers In The United States When Compared To Their European Union Counterparts, Penelope Scudder Jun 2018

Failing Our Workers: How The Fmla And Rfra Disadvantage Female Workers In The United States When Compared To Their European Union Counterparts, Penelope Scudder

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


One Size Fits All: Unaccompanied Alien Children And The Right To Appointed Counsel, Ginny Nunez, Esq. Jun 2018

One Size Fits All: Unaccompanied Alien Children And The Right To Appointed Counsel, Ginny Nunez, Esq.

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Child Soldiers In Myanmar: Role Of Myanmar Government And Limitations Of International Law, Prajakta Gupte Jun 2018

Child Soldiers In Myanmar: Role Of Myanmar Government And Limitations Of International Law, Prajakta Gupte

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The "Leniency Epidemic": A Study Of Leniency Granted To Convicted Rapists In America And Australia, Kathleen Tierney Jun 2018

The "Leniency Epidemic": A Study Of Leniency Granted To Convicted Rapists In America And Australia, Kathleen Tierney

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


A Prescription To Cure The High Cost Of Pharmaceuticals In America, Anthony J. Jensen Jun 2018

A Prescription To Cure The High Cost Of Pharmaceuticals In America, Anthony J. Jensen

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


U.S. Policy In The Arctic: The Implications Of The South China Sea Arbitration Award On American Policy And Unclos, Brian Finneran Jun 2018

U.S. Policy In The Arctic: The Implications Of The South China Sea Arbitration Award On American Policy And Unclos, Brian Finneran

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


How Principles Of Sharia Law Could Encourage Savings By America's Poor, Joseph M. Ruth Jun 2018

How Principles Of Sharia Law Could Encourage Savings By America's Poor, Joseph M. Ruth

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Vigilante "Justice": The Need For An International Response To End President Duterte's Lawless Antidrug Campaign In The Philippines, Daniel Sawey Jun 2018

Vigilante "Justice": The Need For An International Response To End President Duterte's Lawless Antidrug Campaign In The Philippines, Daniel Sawey

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Untangling The Complicated Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law And Human Rights Law In Armed Conflict, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi Jun 2018

Untangling The Complicated Relationship Between International Humanitarian Law And Human Rights Law In Armed Conflict, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


A Conceptual Incongruence Between International Laws Of Self-Defense And The International Core Crime Of Aggression, Salar Abbasi Jun 2018

A Conceptual Incongruence Between International Laws Of Self-Defense And The International Core Crime Of Aggression, Salar Abbasi

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Nato, The Eu, And The Arab Refugee Crisis, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji Jun 2018

Nato, The Eu, And The Arab Refugee Crisis, Shams Al Din Al Hajjaji

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Pushing A Right To Abortion Through The Back Door: The Need For Integrity In The U.N. Treaty Monitoring System, And Perhaps A Treaty Amendment, Andrea Stevens Jun 2018

Pushing A Right To Abortion Through The Back Door: The Need For Integrity In The U.N. Treaty Monitoring System, And Perhaps A Treaty Amendment, Andrea Stevens

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Anti-Conversion Laws And The International Response, Meghan G. Fischer Jun 2018

Anti-Conversion Laws And The International Response, Meghan G. Fischer

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Foreward Jun 2018

Foreward

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.