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Case Western Reserve University School of Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 8413

Full-Text Articles in Law

(Un)Civil Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta Jan 2019

(Un)Civil Denaturalization, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Irina D. Manta

Faculty Publications

Over the last fifty years, naturalized citizens in the United States were able to feel a sense of finality and security in their rights. Denaturalization, wielded frequently as a political tool in the McCarthy era, had become exceedingly rare. Indeed, denaturalization was best known as an adjunct to criminal proceedings brought against former Nazis and other war criminals who had entered the country under false pretenses.


Denaturalization is no longer so rare. Naturalized citizens’ sense of security has been fundamentally shaken by policy developments in the last five years. The number of denaturalization cases is growing, and if current trends ...


Personal Health Records As A Tool For Transparency In Health Care (Draft), Sharona Hoffman Jan 2018

Personal Health Records As A Tool For Transparency In Health Care (Draft), Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

This chapter explores the benefits and limitations of personal health records (PHRs) as a tool to promote transparency in health care. A PHR can be defined as “an electronic application through which individuals can access, manage and share their health information . . . in a private, secure, and confidential environment.” PHRs can enhance efficiency, communication, data accuracy, and health outcomes. At the same time, they can disrupt the physician-patient relationship and raise liability concerns. For example, PHRs may induce patients and physicians to rely on electronic communication when office visits would be far more appropriate. The chapter analyzes the impact of PHRs ...


Blockchain Technology: An Interconnected Legal Framework For An Interconnected System, Marina Fyrigou-Koulouri Jan 2018

Blockchain Technology: An Interconnected Legal Framework For An Interconnected System, Marina Fyrigou-Koulouri

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

In 2018, someone hiding behind the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto created Bitcoin, the first decentralized cryptocurrency operating without a central bank or authority. However, the true revolution seems to be its underlying technology; blockchain. Today, a lot of discussion is taking place around the legal issues of this nascent technology. This paper focuses on blockchain and the law. After exploring blockchain’s basic features, it will propose an international regulatory framework suitable for this technology’s characteristics and its borderless nature.


Auer Evasions, Jonathan Adler Jan 2018

Auer Evasions, Jonathan Adler

Faculty Publications

Auer v. Robbins requires federal courts to defer to federal agency interpretations of ambiguous regulations. Auer built upon, and arguably expanded, the Court’s long-standing practice of deferring to agency interpretations of their own regulations born in Bowles v. Seminole Rock. Although initially uncontroversial, the doctrine has come under fire from legal commentators and prominent jurists, including Auer’s author, the late Justice Antonin Scalia. As Justice Scalia came to recognize, Auer deference enables agencies to evade a wide range of legal constraints that are otherwise imposed upon agency behavior, the ability of agencies to take action with the force ...


Revisionist Municipal Liability, Avidan Y. Cover Jan 2018

Revisionist Municipal Liability, Avidan Y. Cover

Faculty Publications

The current constitutional torts system under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 affords little relief to victims of government wrongdoing. Victims of police brutality seeking accountability and compensation from local police departments find their remedies severely limited because the municipal liability doctrine demands plaintiffs meet near-impossible standards of proof relating to policies and causation.

The article provides a revisionist historical account of the Supreme Court’s municipal liability doctrine’s origins. Most private litigants’ claims for damages against cities or police departments do not implicate the doctrine’s early federalism concerns over protracted federal judicial interference with local governance. Meanwhile the ...


Sex, Lies, And Ultrasound, B. Jessie Hill Jan 2018

Sex, Lies, And Ultrasound, B. Jessie Hill

Faculty Publications

State-mandated falsehoods are rampant in the context of abortion regulation. State legislatures have required doctors, before performing abortions, to provide scientifically unsupported information to women, such as that having an abortion increases the risk of breast cancer, or that it has negative mental health effects. Given the lack of evidence to sustain these sorts of claims, it seems reasonable to refer to such statements as government-mandated lies. However, this article argues that government mandated lies in the abortion context are unique in several ways that make them unlikely to be found unconstitutional, despite the fact that they obviously hinder patients ...


A Bargaining Dynamic Transaction Cost Approach To Understanding Framework Contracts, Juliet P. Kostritsky Jan 2018

A Bargaining Dynamic Transaction Cost Approach To Understanding Framework Contracts, Juliet P. Kostritsky

Faculty Publications

This Article takes a different approach. It draws on the literature of these scholars but suggests that another way to understand the arrangements parties enter into in a variety of settings to purchase or sell goods or to innovate on a product or drug can best be understood in terms of a bargaining dynamic that looks at how the private interests of the parties are turned into joint interests in the agreement reached. It is a mistake to talk about the form of a contract without first understanding the bargaining needs and positions of the parties and how those needs ...


Step Therapy: Legal And Ethical Implications Of A Cost-Cutting Measure, Sharona Hoffman Jan 2018

Step Therapy: Legal And Ethical Implications Of A Cost-Cutting Measure, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

The very high and ever-increasing costs of medical care in the United States are well-recognized and much discussed. Health insurers have employed a variety of strategies in an effort to control their expenditures, including one that is common but has received relatively little attention: step therapy. Step therapy programs require patients to try less expensive treatments and find them to be ineffective or otherwise problematic before the insurer will approve a more high-priced option. This Article is the first law journal piece dedicated to analyzing this important cost control measure.

The Article explores the strengths and weaknesses of step therapy ...


Graduate Education And The Taxation Of Tuition Reductions, Erik M. Jensen Jan 2018

Graduate Education And The Taxation Of Tuition Reductions, Erik M. Jensen

Faculty Publications

While the legislation popularly (or unpopularly) known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 was working its way through Congress, many colleges and universities were afraid that the repeal of Internal Revenue Code section 117(d), as provided in the House version of the bill, would have catastrophic effects on American graduate education. The concern was that, after repeal, graduate teaching and research assistants would be taxed on their tuition reductions, and the measure of the income would be determined using the stated tuition figure—the sticker price—for the academic institution. Section 117(d) survived, but it ...


The Foreign Emoluments Clause, Erik M. Jensen Jan 2018

The Foreign Emoluments Clause, Erik M. Jensen

Faculty Publications

Because of the foreign business dealings of President Donald Trump and his family, interpreting the Foreign Emoluments Clause has become a nearly fulltime job for political pundits, with stories about the clause appearing in every conceivable media outlet. The clause provides that “no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under [the United States] shall, without the Consent of Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince, or foreign State.” If the president is benefitting economically from business dealings with foreign governments (or organizations that might be treated as agencies ...


Volume 9, Masthead Jan 2018

Volume 9, Masthead

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

No abstract provided.


The Modern Trolley Problem: Ethical And Economically-Sound Liability Schemes For Autonomous Vehicles, Amar Kumar Moolayil Jan 2018

The Modern Trolley Problem: Ethical And Economically-Sound Liability Schemes For Autonomous Vehicles, Amar Kumar Moolayil

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

The paper synthesizes modern scholarship in the fields of Artificial Intelligence law, Ethics, Corporate Liability, and Economics to develop potential liability schemes that the automotive and insurance industries may impose when autonomous vehicles eventually come to dominate the roadways. By addressing the issues of whom the autonomous vehicle’s AI protects and who bears liability in the event of an accident—two issues that this author believes are critical to the successful adoption of autonomous vehicle technology—the transition from human drivers to AI drivers will be less contentious. Because of the prescient nature of the topic, as well as ...


From Alice To Bob: The Patent Eligibility Of Blockchain In A Post-Cls Bank World, Antonio M. Dinizo Jr. Jan 2018

From Alice To Bob: The Patent Eligibility Of Blockchain In A Post-Cls Bank World, Antonio M. Dinizo Jr.

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

Every year the World Economic Forum publishes a list of the top ten emerging technologies. This list of breakthrough technologies has included 3-D printing, self-healing biomimicry materials, and human microbiome therapeutics. In 2016, the financial technology Blockchain dominated the list. Over $1 billion was invested into Blockchain technology and major financial firms are actively exploring Blockchain innovation.

As innovators enter the Blockchain space, they have pushed for patent protection. This Note examines whether Blockchain is patent eligible. Patent eligibility for business methods and software patents is determined under the Supreme Court’s holding in Alice v. CLS Bank. The first ...


Regulating Decentralized Cryptocurrencies Under Payment Services Law: Lessons From The European Union, Asress Adimi Gikay Dr. Jan 2018

Regulating Decentralized Cryptocurrencies Under Payment Services Law: Lessons From The European Union, Asress Adimi Gikay Dr.

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

Several years after the inception of the most dominant cryptocurrency, bitcoin, the European Central Bank in 2015 indicated the need for establishing legal clarity by relevant authorities through explaining how the current legal framework applies to cryptocurrencies. Three years later, no meaningful step has been taken by any of the European Union (EU) institutions including the parliament. By examining the EU’s legal framework governing payments services, including the Single Euro Payment Area (SEPA) Regulation, the Electronic Money Directive, the Payment Services Directive and the proposed AML/CTF Directive, this article concludes that (a) because the existing payment services laws ...


Privacy And Outrage, Jordan M. Blanke Jan 2018

Privacy And Outrage, Jordan M. Blanke

Journal of Law, Technology, & the Internet

It is not an understatement that technology has dramatically altered virtually every aspect of our life in recent years. While technology has always driven change, these changes are occurring more rapidly and more extensively than ever before. We are fully entrenched in the world of Big Data, the Internet of Things, and Smart Cities – and we are never going back. As always, society and its laws must evolve, but it is not always an easy process.

The notion of privacy has certainly changed in our data-driven world and continues to change daily. While it has always been difficult to define ...


Forensic Science: Daubert’S Failure, Paul C. Giannelli Jan 2018

Forensic Science: Daubert’S Failure, Paul C. Giannelli

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Who Speaks For Neuroscience? Neuroimaging Evidence And Courtroom Expertise, Jane Campbell Moriarty, Daniel D. Langleben Jan 2018

Who Speaks For Neuroscience? Neuroimaging Evidence And Courtroom Expertise, Jane Campbell Moriarty, Daniel D. Langleben

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


National Security, National Origin, And The Constitution: 75 Years After Eo 9066, Geoffrey R. Stone Jan 2018

National Security, National Origin, And The Constitution: 75 Years After Eo 9066, Geoffrey R. Stone

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Resistance, Resettlement, And Redress, Frank Abe Jan 2018

Resistance, Resettlement, And Redress, Frank Abe

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Masthead, Volume 68 Issue 4 (2018) Jan 2018

Masthead, Volume 68 Issue 4 (2018)

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Brandon L. Garrett Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Brandon L. Garrett

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Karen Nelson Moore Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Karen Nelson Moore

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Erin Murphy Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Erin Murphy

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Dale Nance Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Dale Nance

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Edward J. Imwinkelried Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Edward J. Imwinkelried

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Barbara R. Snyder Jan 2018

Tribute To Professor Paul Giannelli, Barbara R. Snyder

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Clearing The Judicial Fog: Codifying Abstention, James Bedell Jan 2018

Clearing The Judicial Fog: Codifying Abstention, James Bedell

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David F. Forte Jan 2018

Righting A Wrong: Woodrow Wilson, Warren G. Harding, And The Espionage Act Prosecutions, David F. Forte

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


Curbing Remedies For Official Wrongs: The Need For Bivens Suits In National Security Cases, Peter S. Margulies Jan 2018

Curbing Remedies For Official Wrongs: The Need For Bivens Suits In National Security Cases, Peter S. Margulies

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Reform To Police Department Hiring: Preventing The Tragedy Of Police Misconduct, Owen Doherty Jan 2018

A Reform To Police Department Hiring: Preventing The Tragedy Of Police Misconduct, Owen Doherty

Case Western Reserve Law Review

No abstract provided.