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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Alliance Of Small Island States: Intellectual Property, Cultural Heritage, And Climate Change, Matthew Rimmer Apr 2018

The Alliance Of Small Island States: Intellectual Property, Cultural Heritage, And Climate Change, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

This article will consider the role of AOSIS in debates over intellectual property, the environment, and climate change. It will consider questions of technology transfer, climate justice, and intergenerational equity. This article will conclude that there is a need for AOSIS to bolster its position on intellectual property, technology transfer, access to genetic resources, and Indigenous Knowledge. Moreover, the group could seek to benefit from the development of international networks – such as the Technology Mechanism established under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 1992, and the Global Indigenous Network announced by Australia at the Rio 20 discussions on ...


Forward, Curtis E.A. Karnow Dec 2017

Forward, Curtis E.A. Karnow

Curtis E.A. Karnow

This Forward to a new book on artificial intelligence (AI) and the law begins by describing how law changes over time. It explains how technological development and economic investment influence these changes as judges are compelled to choose analogies from precedent. The Forward summarizes recent developments in self-teaching systems and outlines some of the legal issues AI is likely to pose.


The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer Dec 2017

The Maker Movement: Copyright Law, Remix Culture, And 3d Printing, Matthew Rimmer

Matthew Rimmer

3D printing is a process of making physical objects from three-dimensional digital models. 3D printing is a form of additive manufacturing – rather than a traditional form of subtractive manufacturing. 3D printing is a disruptive technology, which promises to transform art and design, science and manufacturing, and the digital economy.

The Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, the Hon. Christopher Pyne, has highlighted the key role of 3D printing for manufacturing and material science in Australia: ‘Manufacturing remains a key driver in our economy, but as the industrial landscape changes, the sector needs to transition to more innovative and economically viable ...


Private Law And The Future Of Patents, Oskar Liivak Nov 2017

Private Law And The Future Of Patents, Oskar Liivak

Oskar Liivak

As it operates today, patent law does not qualify as private law and, without change, I doubt it ever will. For some, this is as it should be and any private law aspects that remain in the patent system should be purged. The basic argument is that the dominant theory of patents is just not compatible with private law and patent doctrine should reflect a pure public law theoretical basis. I agree that today's dominant patent theory is incompatible with private law principles. Yet agreeing with that inherent incompatibility does not imply that doctrine needs to be reformed. There ...


Reevaluating Intellectual Property Law In A 3d Printing Era., Lucas S. Osborn Nov 2017

Reevaluating Intellectual Property Law In A 3d Printing Era., Lucas S. Osborn

Lucas S. Osborn

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Ucita: Lessons From The Open Source Movement, Matthew D. Stein Nov 2017

Rethinking Ucita: Lessons From The Open Source Movement, Matthew D. Stein

Maine Law Review

For those within the information technology (IT) industry, the phrase “open source” has been as prominent at water cooler and boardroom discussions over the last several years as the phrase “out source.” Open source is at once a software development model, a business model, a social movement, and a philosophy that has recently garnered attention from outside of the IT sphere. As such, the topic has become increasingly fertile ground for academic scholarship from several disciplines. Economists, legal academics and practitioners, computer engineers, and social commentators have offered their varying perspectives on open source software. Whether or not this attention ...


New Wine, Old Wineskins: Application Of Intellectual Property Law To Web-Based Activity, Katherine G. Grincewich, Esq. Nov 2017

New Wine, Old Wineskins: Application Of Intellectual Property Law To Web-Based Activity, Katherine G. Grincewich, Esq.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


You Can Run But You Can't Hide: Cell Phone Tracking Data Do Not Receive Fourth Amendment Protection, Merissa Sabol Nov 2017

You Can Run But You Can't Hide: Cell Phone Tracking Data Do Not Receive Fourth Amendment Protection, Merissa Sabol

Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Vmg Salsoul, L.L.C. V. Ciccone: The Ninth Circuit Strikes A Pose, Applying The De Minimis Exception To Music Sampling, Jacob Quinn Nov 2017

Vmg Salsoul, L.L.C. V. Ciccone: The Ninth Circuit Strikes A Pose, Applying The De Minimis Exception To Music Sampling, Jacob Quinn

Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Is Your Roommate A Felon? Considering The Effect Of Criminalizing Password Sharing In Nosal Ii, London Ryyanen England Nov 2017

Is Your Roommate A Felon? Considering The Effect Of Criminalizing Password Sharing In Nosal Ii, London Ryyanen England

Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Lost Esi Under The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Jeffrey A. Parness Nov 2017

Lost Esi Under The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Jeffrey A. Parness

Science and Technology Law Review

Current Issue

Volume 20, Number 1 – The Privacy, Probability, and Political Pitfalls of Universal DNA Collection

Meghan J. Ryan 20 SMU Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 3 Watson and Crick’s discovery of the structure of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in 1953 launched a truth-finding mission not only in science but also in the law. Just thirty years later–after the science had evolved–DNA evidence was being introduced in criminal courts. Today, DNA evidence is heavily relied on in criminal and related cases. It is routinely introduced in murder and rape cases as evidence of guilt; DNA databases have grown as even arrestees have been required to surrender DNA samples; and this evidence has been used to exonerate hundreds of convicted individuals. DNA evidence is generally revered as the “gold standard” in criminal cases because, unlike eyewitness testimony, bite-mark evidence, hair analysis, and the like, it is considered nearly infallible. This potency of DNA evidence has led to suggestions that we, as a nation, should magnify the power of DNA by increasing the size ...


The Wisdom Of Universal Dna Collection: A Reply To Professor Meghan J. Ryan, Arnold Loewy Nov 2017

The Wisdom Of Universal Dna Collection: A Reply To Professor Meghan J. Ryan, Arnold Loewy

Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Privacy, Probability, And Political Pitfalls Of Universal Dna Collection, Meghan J. Ryan Nov 2017

The Privacy, Probability, And Political Pitfalls Of Universal Dna Collection, Meghan J. Ryan

Science and Technology Law Review

Watson and Crick’s discovery of the structure of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in 1953 launched a truth-finding mission not only in science but also in the law. Just thirty years later–after the science had evolved–DNA evidence was being introduced in criminal courts. Today, DNA evidence is heavily relied on in criminal and related cases. It is routinely introduced in murder and rape cases as evidence of guilt; DNA databases have grown as even arrestees have been required to surrender DNA samples; and this evidence has been used to exonerate hundreds of convicted individuals. DNA evidence is generally revered ...


Front Matter Nov 2017

Front Matter

Science and Technology Law Review

No abstract provided.


Fair Dealing On Trial, Lisa Di Valentino Nov 2017

Fair Dealing On Trial, Lisa Di Valentino

Lisa Di Valentino

Discusses and critiques Access Copyright v. York University, 2017 FC 669, a Federal Court of Canada decision that addresses fair dealing policy and practice at a major university.


Common Copyright Calamities, G. Franklin Rothwell, Esq. Nov 2017

Common Copyright Calamities, G. Franklin Rothwell, Esq.

The Catholic Lawyer

No abstract provided.


At&T V. Microsoft: Is This A Case Of Deepsouth Déjà Vu?, Christopher R. Rogers Nov 2017

At&T V. Microsoft: Is This A Case Of Deepsouth Déjà Vu?, Christopher R. Rogers

Maine Law Review

It has been stated many times by various courts that the patent laws of the United States do not reach beyond the borders of the United States. In an age of expanding world commerce, the territorial reach of our patent laws has sometimes made it difficult for U.S. inventors to meaningfully protect their intellectual property. For example, the Supreme Court holding in Deepsouth Packing Co. v. Laitram Corp. opened up a loophole that allowed unlicensed U.S. manufacturers to essentially export patented inventions, thereby trampling on the patent rights of U.S. patent holders selling to foreign markets. The ...


Assigning Infringement Claims: Silvers V. Sony Pictures, Heather B. Sanborn Nov 2017

Assigning Infringement Claims: Silvers V. Sony Pictures, Heather B. Sanborn

Maine Law Review

The Copyright Act establishes protection for original, creative works of authorship as a means of providing ex ante incentives for creativity. But how real is that protection? Imagine that you have written a script and managed to have your play produced in a local community theater. A few years later, you find that a major Hollywood studio has taken your script, adapted it slightly, and made it into the next summer blockbuster, raking in millions without ever obtaining a license from you. Of course, you can sue them for infringement. But how much will that litigation cost and what are ...


Rembrandts In The Research Lab: Why Universities Should Take A Lesson From Big Business To Increase Innovation, Kristen Osenga Nov 2017

Rembrandts In The Research Lab: Why Universities Should Take A Lesson From Big Business To Increase Innovation, Kristen Osenga

Maine Law Review

Universities are typically considered to have two complementary goals: providing education and performing research. While the determination of which objective deserves primacy has long been debated and is not within the scope of this paper, it is indisputable that productive research serves to further a university's goal of education, both directly by adding to the body of knowledge to be dispensed to the students and indirectly by increasing the university's prestige, thereby attracting lucrative grants, quality students, and competitive faculty members to the university. It is, at the very least, safe to say that research is the heart ...


Open Source Approaches In Biotechnology: Utopia Revisited, Yann Joly Nov 2017

Open Source Approaches In Biotechnology: Utopia Revisited, Yann Joly

Maine Law Review

Tracing its origin to Greek antiquity, intellectual property has become an institution in modern legal systems worldwide. This growing importance of intellectual property was confirmed with the 1994 adoption of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Agreement by the World Trade Organization (WTO), which harmonized the rules of intellectual property amongst the various members of the international community on the model of developed countries. However enshrined in the legal tradition, intellectual property law has also had its share of detractors and has recently come under severe criticism. The exercise of intellectual property rights in such diverse fields of creation ...


Road Map To Revolution? Patent-Based Open Science, Lee Petherbridge Nov 2017

Road Map To Revolution? Patent-Based Open Science, Lee Petherbridge

Maine Law Review

The contemporary approach to innovation in the life sciences relies on a patent-based proprietary model. Limitations on patent rights and business concerns often focus innovation to markets where the near-term monetary rewards are highest. This is “efficient” under an austere understanding of the term, but the proprietary model can be problematic from a practical perspective because it may not focus innovation to certain deserving markets. This Article contends that the property rights conferred by patent law may still serve as a positive base for innovation directed to underserved markets. The comparatively strong rights conferred by patent law provide upstream or ...


A Virtue-Centered Approach To The Biotechnology Commons (Or, The Virtuous Penguin), David W. Opderbeck Nov 2017

A Virtue-Centered Approach To The Biotechnology Commons (Or, The Virtuous Penguin), David W. Opderbeck

Maine Law Review

The instrumentalist emphasis of the current biotechnology intellectual property rights (IPR) debate is not surprising. In the American tradition, intellectual property law has long been justified primarily by instrumentalist concerns. Thomas Jefferson famously acceded to the “embarrassment of patent and copyright monopolies because he believed a limited monopoly would encourage the production of new scholarship and inventions. The framers' willingness to allow this embarrassment for the greater good is enshrined in the Intellectual Property Clause of the U.S. Constitution. Countless judicial opinions refer to intellectual property law as a tool that provides necessary incentives to creators and innovators. Intellectual ...


The Experimental Use Exception To Patent Infringement: Do Universities Deserve Special Treatment?, Elizabeth A. Rowe Nov 2017

The Experimental Use Exception To Patent Infringement: Do Universities Deserve Special Treatment?, Elizabeth A. Rowe

Maine Law Review

Inventor Ivan owns a patent on a new Gizmo. He has spent a substantial portion of his time and resources to develop the Gizmo. He has also spent thousands of dollars on his patent attorneys to obtain the patent. Ivan had to wait over two years for the patent application to be processed and approved. But it was all worth it. Our patent laws grant Ivan a negative right-the right to exclude others from practicing his invention during the period of the patent. The local university is using Ivan's invention to further its own research. The university's research ...


Adoption Of The Bayh-Dolye Act In Developed Countries: Added Presure For A Broad Research Exemption In The United States?, Michael S. Mireles Nov 2017

Adoption Of The Bayh-Dolye Act In Developed Countries: Added Presure For A Broad Research Exemption In The United States?, Michael S. Mireles

Maine Law Review

Numerous developed countries, most if not all members of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), including Japan, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Spain, and Finland, have or are considering adopting legislation similar to the Bayh-Dole Act. These countries apparently believe that passage of legislation similar to the Bayh-Dole Act will lead to the transfer of government funded research results from the university laboratory to the marketplace and other economic activity. In the United States, the birthplace of the Bayh-Dole Act (the Act), it is not entirely clear whether its passage is the direct result ...


“You Must Construct Additional Pylons”: Building A Better Framework For Esports Governance, Laura L. Chao Nov 2017

“You Must Construct Additional Pylons”: Building A Better Framework For Esports Governance, Laura L. Chao

Fordham Law Review

The popularity of “esports,” also known as “electronic sports” or competitive video gaming, has exploded in recent years and captured the attention of cord-cutting millennials—often to the detriment of sports such as basketball, football, baseball, and hockey. In the United States, the commercial dominance of such traditional sports stems from decades of regulatory support. Consequently, while esports regulation is likely to emulate many aspects of traditional sports governance, the esports industry is fraught with challenges that inhibit sophisticated ownership and capital investment. Domestic regulation is complicated by underlying intellectual property ownership and ancillary considerations such as fluctuations in a ...


Wild Westworld: Section 230 Of The Cda And Social Networks’ Use Of Machine-Learning Algorithms, Catherine Tremble Nov 2017

Wild Westworld: Section 230 Of The Cda And Social Networks’ Use Of Machine-Learning Algorithms, Catherine Tremble

Fordham Law Review

This Note argues that Facebook’s services—specifically the personalization of content through machine-learning algorithms—constitute the “development” of content and as such do not qualify for § 230 immunity. This Note analyzes the evolution of § 230 jurisprudence to help inform the development of a revised framework. This framework is guided by congressional and public policy goals and creates brighter lines for technological immunity. It tailors immunity to account for user data mined by ISPs and the pervasive effect that the use of that data has on users—two issues that courts have yet to confront. This Note concludes that under ...


Spec Kit 357 Libraries, Presses, And Publishing November 2017, Laurie N. Taylor, Brian W. Keith, Chelsea Dinsmore, Meredith Morris-Babb Nov 2017

Spec Kit 357 Libraries, Presses, And Publishing November 2017, Laurie N. Taylor, Brian W. Keith, Chelsea Dinsmore, Meredith Morris-Babb

Copyright, Fair Use, Scholarly Communication, etc.

Many Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members have robust and long-standing publishing activities, often in collaboration with or running parallel to the press of the larger institutional entity. As reported in the Association of American University Presses (AAUP) 2015–2016 annual report, 30 AAUP member presses are in libraries. Eighty-one institutions are both ARL and AAUP members, and at 21 of those institutions, the press reports to the library. Other libraries—including Amherst College Press and the University of Cincinnati Press—launched new presses within libraries. Most of the 123 ARL member libraries are engaged in publishing or publishing support ...


Understanding Nautilus's Reasonable-Certainty Standard: Requirements For Linguistic And Physical Definiteness Of Patent Claims, Gary M. Fox Nov 2017

Understanding Nautilus's Reasonable-Certainty Standard: Requirements For Linguistic And Physical Definiteness Of Patent Claims, Gary M. Fox

Michigan Law Review

Patent applicants must satisfy a variety of requirements to obtain a patent from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The definiteness requirement forces applicants to describe their inventions in unambiguous terms so that other inventors will understand the scope of granted patent rights. Although the statutory provision for the definiteness requirement has been stable for many years, the Supreme Court’s decision in Nautilus v. Biosig Instruments altered the doctrine. The Court abrogated the Federal Circuit’s insoluble-ambiguity standard and replaced it with a new reasonable-certainty standard. Various district courts have applied the new standard in different ways ...


Activating Actavis, Aaron Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro Oct 2017

Activating Actavis, Aaron Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro

Aaron Edlin

In Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc., the Supreme Court provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. The Court came down strongly in favor of an antitrust solution to the problem, concluding that “an antitrust action is likely to prove more feasible administratively than the Eleventh Circuit believed.” At the same time, Justice Breyer’s majority opinion acknowledged that the Court did not answer every relevant question. The opinion closed by “leav[ing] to the lower courts the structuring of the present rule-of-reason antitrust litigation.”

This article is an effort to help ...


Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro Oct 2017

Actavis And Error Costs: A Reply To Critics, Aaron S. Edlin, C. Scott Hemphill, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Carl Shapiro

Aaron Edlin

The Supreme Court’s opinion in Federal Trade Commission v. Actavis, Inc. provided fundamental guidance about how courts should handle antitrust challenges to reverse payment patent settlements. In our previous article, Activating Actavis, we identified and operationalized the essential features of the Court’s analysis. Our analysis has been challenged by four economists, who argue that our approach might condemn procompetitive settlements.As we explain in this reply, such settlements are feasible, however, only under special circumstances. Moreover, even where feasible, the parties would not actually choose such a settlement in equilibrium. These considerations, and others discussed in the reply ...