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Full-Text Articles in Law

Prosecuting Rape Victims While Rapists Run Free: The Consequences Of Police Failure To Investigate Sex Crimes In Britain And The United States, Lisa Avalos Jan 2019

Prosecuting Rape Victims While Rapists Run Free: The Consequences Of Police Failure To Investigate Sex Crimes In Britain And The United States, Lisa Avalos

Michigan Journal of Gender and Law

Imagine that a close friend is raped, and you encourage her to report it to the police. At first, she thinks that the police are taking her report seriously, but the investigation does not seem to move forward. The next thing she knows, they accuse her of lying and ultimately file charges against her. You and your friend are in shock; this outcome never entered your minds. This nightmare may seem inconceivable, but it has in fact occurred repeatedly in both the United States and Britain—countries that are typically lauded for their high levels of gender equality. In Britain ...


The Impeachment Process Of Brazil: A Comparative Look At Impeachment In Brazil And The United States, Alexandra Rattinger Jan 2018

The Impeachment Process Of Brazil: A Comparative Look At Impeachment In Brazil And The United States, Alexandra Rattinger

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Martin's March, David B. Oppenheimer Dec 2017

Martin's March, David B. Oppenheimer

David B Oppenheimer

Discusses the significance of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Role of Martin Luther King Jr. in desegregation demonstrations; Historical overview of the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. INSET: More to be done..


Congress And The Supreme Court's Conflict Over Antidiscrimination Law, David B. Oppenheimer Dec 2017

Congress And The Supreme Court's Conflict Over Antidiscrimination Law, David B. Oppenheimer

David B Oppenheimer

In 1968, in the days following King's assassination, Congress passed the Fair Housing Act, prohibiting most housing discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin. [...] later that same year, the Supreme Court found that the long-dormant 1866 and 1867 Civil Rights Acts, prohibiting private racial discrimination, which had been ignored since the end of Reconstruction, remained valid. Since 1968, Congress has passed several laws intended to broaden federal civil rights, either to include more groups or, with increasing frequency, simply to reverse Supreme Court decisions.\n (California's statute applies to employers of five or more employees and ...


Inseparable: Perspective Of Senator Daniel Webster, Ernest M. Oleksy Dec 2017

Inseparable: Perspective Of Senator Daniel Webster, Ernest M. Oleksy

The Downtown Review

Considering the hypersensitivity that their nation has towards race relations, it is often ineffable to contemporary Americans as to how anyone could have argued against abolition in the 19th century. However, by taking the perspective of Senator Daniel Webster speaking to an audience of disunionist-abolitionists, proslaveryites, and various shades of moderates, numerous points of contention will be brought to light as to why chattel slavery persisted so long in the U.S. Focal points of dialogue will include the Narrative of Frederick Douglass, the "positive good" claims of Senator John C. Calhoun, the disunionism of William Lloyd Garrison, and the ...


Cuba: Déjà Vu Or New Beginnings, Ryan Forrest, Hunter W. Phillips, Magena Rodriguez Dec 2017

Cuba: Déjà Vu Or New Beginnings, Ryan Forrest, Hunter W. Phillips, Magena Rodriguez

University of Miami Business Law Review

That the United States has long had a strained relationship with Cuba is no secret to the international community. Most recently, this strain has been embodied in a commercial, economic and financial embargo that has been enforced by the United States since 1962. That said, focusing only on this limited stretch of history would ignore the greater context of American–Cuban relations. This paper takes a step back to conduct a historical analysis, examine the current state of relations, and to posit on the potential of future economic ties between the two nations. After a thorough examination, an overarching question ...


Political Science Professor’S Book Gets Chinese Translation Dec 2017

Political Science Professor’S Book Gets Chinese Translation

Gary L. Rose

A Chinese firm, Rightol Media Limited, will publish a translated version of Sacred Heart University Professor Gary Rose's book, Shaping a Nation, which delves into 25 Supreme Court cases that had major effects on the United States.


Regulating Spyware: The Limitations Of State Laboratories And The Case For Federal Preemption Of State Unfair Competition Laws, Peter S. Menell Dec 2017

Regulating Spyware: The Limitations Of State Laboratories And The Case For Federal Preemption Of State Unfair Competition Laws, Peter S. Menell

Peter Menell

Drawing on Justice Brandeis's oft-cited observation that states can serve as 'laboratories" of policy experimentation, this Article develops a framework for assessing the allocation of governance authority for regulating Internet activities. In particular, it focuses on whether states should be free to experiment with regulatory approaches or whether the federal government should have principal, if not exclusive (preemptive), regulatory authority over Internet-related activities. Using recent efforts to regulate spyware and adware as a case study, the analysis shows that the lack of harmonization of and uncertainty surrounding, state unfair competition law produces costly, confusing, multi-district litigation and pushes enterprises ...


A Comparative Examination Of Counter-Terrorism Law And Policy, Laurent Mayali, John Yoo Dec 2017

A Comparative Examination Of Counter-Terrorism Law And Policy, Laurent Mayali, John Yoo

Laurent Mayali

This article conducts a comparative analysis of U.S. and European counter-terrorism law and policy. Recent attacks vy ISIS in the U.S., France, and Germany have revealed important differences between American and European approaches. Before September 11, 2001, the United States responded to terrorism primarily with existing law enforcement authorities, though in isolated cases it pursued military measures abroad. In this respect, it lagged behind the approach of European nations, which had confronted internal terrorism inspired vy leftwing ideology or separatist goals. But after the 9-11 attacks, the United States adopted a preventive posture that aimed to pre-empt terrorist ...


Justice Scalia's Other Standing Legacy, Tara Leigh Grove Dec 2017

Justice Scalia's Other Standing Legacy, Tara Leigh Grove

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan Nov 2017

Secession And Federalism In The United States: Tools For Managing Regional Conflict In A Pluralist Society, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This Article explores the use of federalism and secession as tools for managing regional conflict within pluralist governance, drawing on underappreciated features of the American experience.  Epic struggles to balance autonomy with interdependence have taken on new urgency as dissatisfaction with globalization inspires political cataclysms unimaginable just a few years ago—including ‘Brexit’ from the European Union and American threats to leave NATO.  The same impetus toward devolution also surfaces in heated intra-national conflicts.  Recent calls for secession in Catalonia, Iraqi Kurdistan, Scotland, Québec, South Sudan, and even the United States reveal multiple political contexts in which questions have been ...


Race, Ethnicity, Erasure: The Salience Of Race To Latcrit Theory, Ian F. Haney-Lopez Nov 2017

Race, Ethnicity, Erasure: The Salience Of Race To Latcrit Theory, Ian F. Haney-Lopez

Ian F. Haney-López

Discusses issues related to race relations in the United States using the `Hernandez v. Texas' case. Social constructionist understanding of Latino racial identity; Salience of race in Latino identity; Extent of Latino racialization; Question of the language of race's appropriateness.


Trending @ Rwu Law: Professor David Coombs's Post: The Immigrant Veteran: Service And Honor 11-14-2017, David Coombs Nov 2017

Trending @ Rwu Law: Professor David Coombs's Post: The Immigrant Veteran: Service And Honor 11-14-2017, David Coombs

Law School Blogs

No abstract provided.


Healthcare And Its Impact On Nurses: The United States Vs. The United Kingdom, Alexandria Colovos Nov 2017

Healthcare And Its Impact On Nurses: The United States Vs. The United Kingdom, Alexandria Colovos

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Currently, in the United States, the topic of healthcare reform is in the back of everyone’s mind. What will come of our healthcare system? Will the cost of healthcare decrease? Will patients have better access to care? With this Capstone Experience/Thesis, I wanted to explore the differences between the current healthcare system that we have in the United States, to the nearly seventy-year-old National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom, which provides healthcare to all. The NHS is free at the point of care and is funded by taxation. To understand if such a system would work ...


Adr-Based Workplace Conflict Management Systems: A Case Of American Exceptionalism, Paul Teague, William Roche, Denise Currie, Tom Gormley Nov 2017

Adr-Based Workplace Conflict Management Systems: A Case Of American Exceptionalism, Paul Teague, William Roche, Denise Currie, Tom Gormley

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

[Excerpt] The diffusion of ADR-based conflict management systems is a development increasingly highlighted in the literature. Organizations are seen as putting in place multiple procedures and practices so that different varieties of workplace conflict can be effectively addressed. Just why organizations are electing to introduce these integrated bundles of innovative conflict management practices is a matter of debate, but many view the development as transforming the manner in which workplace problems are managed in modern organizations, with some even pronouncing that it amounts to the rewriting of the social contract at work (Lipsky and Seeber 2006). This paper argues that ...


Creative Communities And Intellectual Property Law, Laura A. Heymann Nov 2017

Creative Communities And Intellectual Property Law, Laura A. Heymann

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Law Library Blog (November 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Nov 2017

Law Library Blog (November 2017): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Do Women Justices Matter?, Ashley Shula Oct 2017

Do Women Justices Matter?, Ashley Shula

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

In recent years, women have started to have a considerable impact on the political process. While literature exists on women in Congress and in district court settings, little research exists on the role played by female Supreme Court Justices. The author attempts to shed light on the impact of female justices by assessing statements made by the justices, in addition to their voting records. The author finds that the new women Supreme Court Justices have had little impact so far, but offers that perhaps as time goes on, this will change.


A Mission Of Divine Calling: A Chosen Nation's Crusade Against Evil, Ashley Harrington Oct 2017

A Mission Of Divine Calling: A Chosen Nation's Crusade Against Evil, Ashley Harrington

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

For decades, political scientists have and continue to theorize about influences on presidential decision-making and policy implementation. Faith and religious analysis however, remain relatively new to the study of presidential politics. This particular research examines two Republican presidents, both Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush, that had vastly different ideas about how to combat nations whose policies limited freedom and liberty.


In Defense Of Judicial Supremacy, Erwin Chemerinsky Oct 2017

In Defense Of Judicial Supremacy, Erwin Chemerinsky

Erwin Chemerinsky

“Judicial supremacy” is the idea that the Supreme Court should be viewed as the authoritative interpreter of the Constitution and that we should deem its decisions as binding on the other branches and levels of government, until and unless constitutional amendment or subsequent decision overrules them. This is desirable because we want to have an authoritative interpreter of the Constitution and the Court is best suited to play this role. Under this view, doctrines which keep federal courts from enforcing constitutional provisions—such as denying standing for generalized grievances, the political question doctrine, and the state secrets doctrine—are misguided ...


Reflections On Firearms And The Criminal Law, Franklin E. Zimring Oct 2017

Reflections On Firearms And The Criminal Law, Franklin E. Zimring

Franklin E. Zimring

The article presents the author's opinion on firearms and violence. Firearms and firearms control have never been an important issue in criminal law scholarship, even though firearms are used in many violent crimes and the criminal law is the principal mechanism used to regulate gun ownership and use in the U.S. Concern about violence and its control is the major reason for interest in firearms and firearms control, but what is not so clear is why a focus on violence emerged in the 1990s. The homicide rate in the U.S. doubled betweem 1964 and 1974 and has ...


Getches-Wilkinson Center Newsletter, Fall 2017, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment Oct 2017

Getches-Wilkinson Center Newsletter, Fall 2017, University Of Colorado Boulder. Getches-Wilkinson Center For Natural Resources, Energy, And The Environment

Getches-Wilkinson Center for Natural Resources, Energy, and the Environment Newsletter (2013-)

No abstract provided.


Systems For Conflict Resolution In Comparative Perspective, Martin Behrens, Alexander Colvin, Lisa Dorigatti, Andreas H. Pekarek Oct 2017

Systems For Conflict Resolution In Comparative Perspective, Martin Behrens, Alexander Colvin, Lisa Dorigatti, Andreas H. Pekarek

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

[Excerpt] It is a cornerstone of industrial relations (IR) theory that the potential for conflict is inherent to the employment relationship. Across countries, forms of workplace conflict and methods of conflict resolution take a range of different forms. Yet aside from attempts to understand cross-national variation in strikes, there is little research examining systemic differences in the manifestation and management of workplace conflict (a notable exception is Roche et al. 2014). The following analysis seeks to fill this void by analyzing through a comparative lens practices for addressing employment related conflict in four countries: Germany, Italy, the US and Australia.


Remembering An Abolitionist, Ambassador John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017), Eleanor Kennelly Gaetan, Donna M. Hughes Oct 2017

Remembering An Abolitionist, Ambassador John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017), Eleanor Kennelly Gaetan, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

A memorial for Ambassador-at-Large to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, John R. Miller (May 23, 1938-October 4, 2017). Ambassador Miller believed modern-day slavery, encompassing sex trafficking and forced labor, requires a principled global offensive that the United States is morally obligated to lead. In the four formative years he led the State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, 2002 to 2006, John Miller set the office’s course as diplomatically aggressive and programmatically creative. He made the annual Trafficking in Persons report more than a bureaucratic submission, putting daring heroes at the center, and insisting ...


Brief Of The National Association For Public Defense As Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioner, Stein V. United States Of America (U.S. September 15, 2017) (No. 17-250)., Janet Moore Sep 2017

Brief Of The National Association For Public Defense As Amici Curiae Supporting Petitioner, Stein V. United States Of America (U.S. September 15, 2017) (No. 17-250)., Janet Moore

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

Petitioner’s case asks a basic but fundamental question: Will our criminal justice system permit convictions obtained through the knowing use of false testimony, simply because the prosecutor has not also suppressed evidence indicating the testimony was false? The Eleventh Circuit answered this question in the affirmative, but for decades this Court has known a very different justice system, one in which the knowing, uncorrected use of false testimony by the prosecutor could never be countenanced. And for good reason. As this Court has long recognized, the knowing use of false testimony is “as inconsistent with the rudimentary demands of ...


Immigrants Benefit The Community And Economy, Jenny Minier Sep 2017

Immigrants Benefit The Community And Economy, Jenny Minier

Center for Equality and Social Justice Position Papers

Immigration has historically been a defining characteristic of the United States, and it remains one of the country’s most significant economic advantages. Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) was implemented by President Obama to grant temporary legal status to undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children, as long as they are enrolled in school or working. Given President Trump’s recent comments about ending the DACA program, Congress must work on a policy solution that will allow the nearly 800,000 “Dreamers” currently enrolled in DACA to remain legally in the U.S. There are ...


Prosecuting Buyers In Human Trafficking Cases: An Analysis Of The Implications Of United States V. Jungers And United States V. Bonestroo, Andrea J. Nichols, Erin Heil Sep 2017

Prosecuting Buyers In Human Trafficking Cases: An Analysis Of The Implications Of United States V. Jungers And United States V. Bonestroo, Andrea J. Nichols, Erin Heil

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

This article provides a review and analysis of United States v. Jungers and United States v. Bonestroo, important court cases providing precedent for charging buyers of sex as traffickers in cases involving minors. The decisions in these court cases, and in subsequent cases, further solidify the presence of end-demand efforts in the form of prosecution. Yet, the decisions in these cases raise additional questions about their implications for state-level prosecution, the prosecution of buyers in cases involving adults who experience sex trafficking, and the buyers of trafficked labor. Drawing from an analysis of relevant cases, this article analyzes the impact ...


War Time Hysteria, 1917: Senator Miles Poindexter, 'American-Ness,' And The Strange Case Of Colonel Carl Reichmann, Joshua E. Kastenberg Aug 2017

War Time Hysteria, 1917: Senator Miles Poindexter, 'American-Ness,' And The Strange Case Of Colonel Carl Reichmann, Joshua E. Kastenberg

Joshua E. Kastenberg

One hundred years ago, after the United States entered into World War I, Congress passed the Espionage Act and other significant limitations on basic freedoms. Several state governments likewise vigorously prosecuted alleged "subversives" under anti-syndicalism acts. The diminution of basic rights and the treatment of ethnic German minorities has been the subject of scholarship since. However, the treatment of German minorities in the armed forces has not been thoroughly studied, even though such a study could add to the broader field of civil-military relations. Nor has the wartime behavior of legislators in regard to the armed forces as well as ...


The Future Of U.S. Claims For Property Restoration In Cuba, Ashley Morales Aug 2017

The Future Of U.S. Claims For Property Restoration In Cuba, Ashley Morales

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Comparative Defamation Law: England And The United States, Vincent R. Johnson Aug 2017

Comparative Defamation Law: England And The United States, Vincent R. Johnson

University of Miami International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.