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Articles 1 - 30 of 5493

Full-Text Articles in Law

Harmonizing The Liner Notes: How The Usco’S Adoption Of Metadata Standards Will Improve The Efficiency Of Licensing Agreements For Audiovisual Works, Michael Reed Feb 2019

Harmonizing The Liner Notes: How The Usco’S Adoption Of Metadata Standards Will Improve The Efficiency Of Licensing Agreements For Audiovisual Works, Michael Reed

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

It is no secret that making a living as a musician is not as lucrative of a proposition as it was a generation ago. For this reason, musicians have had to diversify their sources of income. Placement of a song in advertisements, film, or television programs have become an integral part of many successful musician’s careers, but far too many independent artists still find these opportunities out of reach. This disparity is often the result of technical deficiencies in the audio files submitted for consideration, making it difficult to identify and contact the requisite rights holders in order to ...


The Crime Of Product Counterfeiting: A Legal Analysis Of The Usage Of State-Level Statutes, Kari Kammel Esq., Brandon A. Sullivan Ph.D., Lorryn P. Young Feb 2019

The Crime Of Product Counterfeiting: A Legal Analysis Of The Usage Of State-Level Statutes, Kari Kammel Esq., Brandon A. Sullivan Ph.D., Lorryn P. Young

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

This legal analysis of the state-level trademark counterfeiting criminal enforcement framework in the United States (“U.S.”) scrutinizes the use and non-use of state statutes to prosecute and convict trademark counterfeiters. Relying on state-level appellate court cases and conviction data, we found: (1) states inconsistently use and interpret criminal anti-counterfeiting statutes across the U.S.; and (2) strategies for building evidence in trademark counterfeiting criminal cases are strongest when based on cooperation with the victim (trademark owner). Based on our findings, to improve state-level anti-counterfeiting efforts, we recommend several best practices:

  • Adoption of specific criminal trademark counterfeiting statutes if states ...


The Patent On-Sale Bar Post-Helsinn And Its Effect On The Pharmaceutical Industry, Raja Chatterjee Feb 2019

The Patent On-Sale Bar Post-Helsinn And Its Effect On The Pharmaceutical Industry, Raja Chatterjee

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

The purpose of the patent on-sale bar is to discourage inventors from misusing the patent system and unfairly extending their patent exclusivity period. In Helsinn Healthcare v. Teva Pharmaceuticals, the Federal Circuit has distorted this doctrine far beyond its purpose. By including non-public business transactions within the scope of the on-sale bar, the Federal Circuit’s decision contradicts legislative history and express statutory language from the America Invents Act (“AIA”). This interpretation also makes the U.S. the only major patent system where a non-public sale can lead to the forfeiture of an inventor’s patent rights. The inclusion of ...


Patent Citation Analysis And Patent Damages, Dr. Peter A. Malaspina Feb 2019

Patent Citation Analysis And Patent Damages, Dr. Peter A. Malaspina

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


A Tale Of Two Approaches: Analysis Of Responses To Eu’S Fta Initiatives On Geographical Indications (Gis), Masayoshi Omachi Feb 2019

A Tale Of Two Approaches: Analysis Of Responses To Eu’S Fta Initiatives On Geographical Indications (Gis), Masayoshi Omachi

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Petitioner Estoppel From Patent Trial And Appeal Board Proceedings After Sas Institute Inc. V. Iancu, Jennifer Esch, Paula Miller, Stacy Lewis, Tom Irving Feb 2019

Petitioner Estoppel From Patent Trial And Appeal Board Proceedings After Sas Institute Inc. V. Iancu, Jennifer Esch, Paula Miller, Stacy Lewis, Tom Irving

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Due Process In Aia Proceedings After Sas Institute Inc. V. Iancu, Mikaela Stone, Britton Davis Feb 2019

Due Process In Aia Proceedings After Sas Institute Inc. V. Iancu, Mikaela Stone, Britton Davis

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


All Or Nothing: Why The Supreme Court Sas Mandate Does Not Eliminate The Shaw Safe Harbor, Matt Johnson, Michael Lavine, Daniel Kazhdan Ph.D, Lisa Furby, David Anderson Feb 2019

All Or Nothing: Why The Supreme Court Sas Mandate Does Not Eliminate The Shaw Safe Harbor, Matt Johnson, Michael Lavine, Daniel Kazhdan Ph.D, Lisa Furby, David Anderson

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Administrative Oversight: Justice Gorsuch’S Patent Opinions, The Ptab, And Antagonism Toward The Administrative State, Daniel D. Kim, Jonathan Stroud Feb 2019

Administrative Oversight: Justice Gorsuch’S Patent Opinions, The Ptab, And Antagonism Toward The Administrative State, Daniel D. Kim, Jonathan Stroud

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

In his first term, Justice Neil Gorsuch has made a surprisingly forceful impact on, of all things, patent law—and even more unlikely, the United States Patent and Trademark Office’s adjudicatory arm, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board. Was there any way to predict, from his 10th Circuit opinions below, that he would author opinions in all three patent cases in his first term? Was this attention the result of deeply submerged but long-felt opinions on patent law, or rather a result of his sharp distrust of administrative overreach? We analyze 10th Circuit and Supreme Court opinions authored by ...


"Good Reason" Laws Under The Gun: May-Issue States And The Right To Bear Arms, Jack M. Amaro Feb 2019

"Good Reason" Laws Under The Gun: May-Issue States And The Right To Bear Arms, Jack M. Amaro

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This note proposes a framework for analyzing the point at which discretionary restrictions on the concealed carry of firearms are unconstitutional under the Second Amendment, which, at its core, guarantees the responsible, law-abiding citizen at least the right to use a firearm for self-defense. Although the Supreme Court has yet to affirmatively answer whether and to what extent this right extends beyond the home, every state allows its residents to publicly carry a firearm in some form—be it open or concealed. But states have the power to limit who may exercise this right; and some states curtail it to ...


President Trump's Big Beautiful Wall: Discrimination, Eminent Domain, And The Public Use Requirement, Meghan K. Tierney Feb 2019

President Trump's Big Beautiful Wall: Discrimination, Eminent Domain, And The Public Use Requirement, Meghan K. Tierney

Chicago-Kent Law Review

At a press conference held in Trump Tower New York City on June 16, 2015, Donald Trump announced his candidacy for President of the United States by promising to expand the border wall along the Southern United States. President Trump has insisted that his only reasons behind completely separating the United States from Mexico are to curtail illegal immigration and curb drug cartel activity, but many argue that his statements indicate a much more sinister motive based in racial discrimination. The public use requirement of the Fifth Amendment Takings Clause allows the federal government to take private land for the ...


Is Dna Really A Natural Product? It's Time To Separate Fact From (Legal) Fiction: An Examination Of Dna Patentability As A Biological Algorithm In The Post-Myriad Era, Nicholas Ulen Feb 2019

Is Dna Really A Natural Product? It's Time To Separate Fact From (Legal) Fiction: An Examination Of Dna Patentability As A Biological Algorithm In The Post-Myriad Era, Nicholas Ulen

Chicago-Kent Law Review

In 2013, the United States Supreme Court delivered its landmark decision in Ass’n for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, Inc., holding isolated DNA unpatentable, thereby invalidating the claims of thousands of DNA patents in the process. The opinion, delivered by Justice Thomas, reasoned that the act of separating DNA from the body did not sufficiently transform the molecule beyond what naturally exists. Yet the Court found that line to be crossed when it held certain artificially synthesized complementary DNA molecules coding for the exact same gene patentable. Unlike the Federal Circuit, the Court focused its analysis not on the ...


The Fatal Attraction Of Pay-For-Delay, Robin C. Feldman, Prianka Misra Feb 2019

The Fatal Attraction Of Pay-For-Delay, Robin C. Feldman, Prianka Misra

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Copyright Protection For Conceptually Separable Artistic Features Post-Star Athletica: A Useful Article On Useful Articles, Daan G. Erikson Feb 2019

Copyright Protection For Conceptually Separable Artistic Features Post-Star Athletica: A Useful Article On Useful Articles, Daan G. Erikson

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

In the wake of the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in Star Athletica v. Varsity Brands in 2017, U.S. federal district courts and the Copyright Office Review Board have grappled with the Supreme Court’s reimagined conceptual separability test for determining the copyrightability of artistic aspects of useful articles. An examination of the decisions in the first eighteen months post-Star Athletica reveals district courts have interpreted the Supreme Court’s guidance inconsistently, with some courts adding language to the test and even using overruled portions of previous tests. The author takes an empirical approach to evaluating such ...


Using A Phillips Construction In All Ptab Trials: The Impact On District Court Patent Actions And Ptab Proceedings, Sarah Jelsema, Andrew Mason, John Vandenberg Feb 2019

Using A Phillips Construction In All Ptab Trials: The Impact On District Court Patent Actions And Ptab Proceedings, Sarah Jelsema, Andrew Mason, John Vandenberg

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


The Collapse Of Covered Business Method Reviews, Eleanor M. Yost Feb 2019

The Collapse Of Covered Business Method Reviews, Eleanor M. Yost

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Huge Numbers Of Patent Cases: How One District Judge Manages Them - The 2018 Supreme Court Ip Review Address, The Honorable William Alsup Feb 2019

Huge Numbers Of Patent Cases: How One District Judge Manages Them - The 2018 Supreme Court Ip Review Address, The Honorable William Alsup

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Is The Federal Circuit Learning Its Lessons? A Case Study Of Bpcia Preemption, Mary Lafleur Feb 2019

Is The Federal Circuit Learning Its Lessons? A Case Study Of Bpcia Preemption, Mary Lafleur

Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, Chicago-Kent Law Review Feb 2019

Table Of Contents, Chicago-Kent Law Review

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Metastasization Of Mandatory Arbitration, Alexander J.S. Colvin Feb 2019

The Metastasization Of Mandatory Arbitration, Alexander J.S. Colvin

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Mandatory arbitration procedures have expanded to become a common feature of American employment relations. This article presents the results of a new original survey examining the extent of mandatory arbitration, where it is most commonly used, and which employees it is most likely to affect. Overall, 53.9 percent of private sector business establishments, representing 56.2 percent of nonunion employees, have mandatory arbitration procedures. Larger employers are more likely to have adopted mandatory arbitration, as are workplaces with lower paid employees. Mandatory arbitration is particularly common in California, North Carolina, and Texas, but is widespread nationwide. Class action waivers ...


The "Art" Of Future Life: Rethinking Personal Injury Law For The Negligent Deprivation Of A Patient's Right To Procreation In The Age Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Erika N. Auger Feb 2019

The "Art" Of Future Life: Rethinking Personal Injury Law For The Negligent Deprivation Of A Patient's Right To Procreation In The Age Of Assisted Reproductive Technologies, Erika N. Auger

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


Consequences For Patent Owners If A Patent Is Unconstitutionally Invalidated By The Patent Trial And Appeal Board, Mark Magas Feb 2019

Consequences For Patent Owners If A Patent Is Unconstitutionally Invalidated By The Patent Trial And Appeal Board, Mark Magas

Chicago-Kent Law Review

There have been many constitutional challenges against the Patent Trial and Appeal Board (“PTAB”) since it was created by the America Invents Act in 2011. While the merits of these challenges have been widely debated, there has been little analysis of what would happen if one of these challenges succeeded and patents are found to have been unconstitutionally invalidated. This note examines how issues with waiver, retroactivity, and finality may prevent patent owners from getting their patent rights back, considering the type of constitutional challenge and the different stages of the PTAB process. While the odds are stacked against patent ...


Path To Destruction: Cook County's Property Tax System Is A Cause For Concern As It Mimics The Defunct Taxing Procedures That Led To The Detroit Foreclosure Crisis, Robert Romano Feb 2019

Path To Destruction: Cook County's Property Tax System Is A Cause For Concern As It Mimics The Defunct Taxing Procedures That Led To The Detroit Foreclosure Crisis, Robert Romano

Chicago-Kent Law Review

For decades, Cook County, Illinois, has had one of the highest property tax rates in the country, and as a result the County has begun to experience unprecedented foreclosure rates which has contributed, in part, to the State’s significant population decline. Residents are forced to endure a property tax system that disproportionately burdens low-income homeowners, while providing tax breaks to higher-income individuals and commercial owners. The primary causes and characteristics of Cook County’s defunct property tax system are strikingly similar to those that sent the City of Detroit spiraling into bankruptcy in 2013.

This note provides a comparative ...


Clarifying The Scope Of The Self-Incrimination Clause: City Of Hays V. Vogt, Samantha Ruben Feb 2019

Clarifying The Scope Of The Self-Incrimination Clause: City Of Hays V. Vogt, Samantha Ruben

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Three months after oral arguments, the Supreme Court dismissed the writ of certiorari in City of Hays v. Vogt as improvidently granted. The question in Vogt was whether the Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination is violated when incriminating statements are used at a probable cause hearing, as opposed to a criminal trial. As a result of the “DIG,” the Court left a circuit split unresolved surrounding the meaning of a “criminal case” within the Fifth Amendment’s Self-Incrimination Clause.

This note argues that the Supreme Court should not have dismissed Vogt and should have decided that the Fifth Amendment right ...


Enhanced Patent Infringement Damages Post-Halo And The Problem With Using The Read Factors, Betul Serbest Feb 2019

Enhanced Patent Infringement Damages Post-Halo And The Problem With Using The Read Factors, Betul Serbest

Chicago-Kent Law Review

The United States Patent Act allows a patent holder to recover treble damages for “willful infringement.” The standard for willful infringement has changed over the years, with the United States Supreme Court providing the most recent explanation of what is “willful” in Halo Electronics, Inc. v. Pulse Electronics, Inc. in 2016. Courts, however, continue to use a set of factors set forth in Read Corp. v. Portec, Inc. in 1992 to aid their discretion in awarding willful infringement enhanced damages. In this article, I argue that at least two of the Read factors are inconsistent with the Supreme Court’s ...


Vol. 35, No. 4, Roxana M. Underwood Oct 2018

Vol. 35, No. 4, Roxana M. Underwood

The Illinois Public Employee Relations Report

Managing Public Employee Speech in the Age of Social Media – Instituting Policies Regulating Public Employee Conduct While Balancing Access to the “Democratic Forums of the Internet”, by Roxana M. Underwood

Recent Developments


Fiduciary Duties Of Directors Of Insolvent Corporations: A Comparative Perspective, Alessandra Zanardo Sep 2018

Fiduciary Duties Of Directors Of Insolvent Corporations: A Comparative Perspective, Alessandra Zanardo

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Over the last two decades, in many jurisdictions great emphasis has been placed on directors’ fiduciary duties when a corporation is insolvent or in the amorphous “zone of insolvency”; notably, to investigate whether the directors should continue to promote the best interests of the corporation for the benefits of its shareholders, or whether their duties shift to creditors.

The resolution of this ubiquitous issue will help to answer the following questions: Do creditors have standing to pursue claims for breach of fiduciary duties in the insolvency scenario? And, if they do, is it direct or derivative standing?

This Article will ...


Preventing Drug-Related Deaths At Music Festivals: Why The "Rave" Act Should Be Amended To Provide An Exception For Harm Reduction Services, Robin Mohr Sep 2018

Preventing Drug-Related Deaths At Music Festivals: Why The "Rave" Act Should Be Amended To Provide An Exception For Harm Reduction Services, Robin Mohr

Chicago-Kent Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Canadian Lens On Third Party Litigation Funding In The American Bankruptcy Context, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Emily Uza Sep 2018

A Canadian Lens On Third Party Litigation Funding In The American Bankruptcy Context, Stephanie Ben-Ishai, Emily Uza

Chicago-Kent Law Review

This Article offers two major recommendations to expand the use of third party litigation funding (“TPLF”) into the U.S. insolvency context. As seen in the Canadian context, courts have accepted the use of litigation funding agreements fitting within certain parameters. If U.S. courts follow suit, friction against the implementation of TPLF can be mitigated. Alternatively, regulation may occur through legislative and regulatory models to govern and set out precisely what types of arrangements are permitted. Involving entities such as the SEC may expedite the acceptance of TPLF, but special attention is necessary not to intermingle notions of fiduciaries ...


When Borders Dissolve, Laura N. Coordes Sep 2018

When Borders Dissolve, Laura N. Coordes

Chicago-Kent Law Review

Scholars have long sought to apply principles from U.S. bankruptcy law to sovereign debt restructurings. Chapter 9 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, used to adjust the debts of municipalities, has been a particular source of inspiration, and several proposals currently exist to adapt chapter 9 to address the challenges of sovereign debt restructuring.

The difficulties of applying chapter 9 in practice, however, have demonstrated the limitations of a one-size-fits-all solution to municipal distress. Similarly, attempts to adapt chapter 9 to apply uniformly to a broad range of sovereign states may be ineffective. A recurring problem lies in the ...