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Full-Text Articles in Law

Prosecuting Rape Victims While Rapists Run Free: The Consequences Of Police Failure To Investigate Sex Crimes In Britain And The United States, Lisa Avalos Jan 2019

Prosecuting Rape Victims While Rapists Run Free: The Consequences Of Police Failure To Investigate Sex Crimes In Britain And The United States, Lisa Avalos

Michigan Journal of Gender and Law

Imagine that a close friend is raped, and you encourage her to report it to the police. At first, she thinks that the police are taking her report seriously, but the investigation does not seem to move forward. The next thing she knows, they accuse her of lying and ultimately file charges against her. You and your friend are in shock; this outcome never entered your minds. This nightmare may seem inconceivable, but it has in fact occurred repeatedly in both the United States and Britain—countries that are typically lauded for their high levels of gender equality. In Britain ...


The Law Of War After The Dta, Hamdan And The Mca, Ltc Eric Talbot Jensen Feb 2018

The Law Of War After The Dta, Hamdan And The Mca, Ltc Eric Talbot Jensen

Eric Talbot Jensen

I am grateful to be here and part of this panel and to discuss these important issues.


International Crowdfunding: Did The Sec Get It Right When Promulgating Regulation Crowdfunding Relative To Other Leading G20 Crowdfunding Regulations?, Robert Dixon Feb 2018

International Crowdfunding: Did The Sec Get It Right When Promulgating Regulation Crowdfunding Relative To Other Leading G20 Crowdfunding Regulations?, Robert Dixon

Robert A. Dixon Jr.

Countries are taking measures to boost their economies.  Democratizing capital formation by permitting crowdfunding equities to invigorate the small business strata of economies is one of those measures.  To what extent are countries permitting such capital formation is the focus question of this paper.  With respect to the United States, the SEC promulgated Regulation Crowdfunding in 2015 to effectuate Congress's intent to support small-business capital formation as evidenced by the passage of the JOBS Act in 2012.  Regulation Crowdfunding provides small business securities issuers, intermediaries, and investors rules and restrictions concerning their obligations under the law.  So, how effective ...


Hate Speech - The United States Versus The Rest Of The World?, Kevin Boyle Feb 2018

Hate Speech - The United States Versus The Rest Of The World?, Kevin Boyle

Maine Law Review

The search for a commonly agreed upon international legal understanding of the meaning of free speech or freedom of expression, as an individual human right, was a major international preoccupation from the 1940s to the 1980s. During the Cold War it was, of course, also a highly ideological debate. There were three positions, broadly speaking: the Soviet Union and its allies, who had little enthusiasm for the idea at all; the United States, which believed in it—many thought—too much; and the rest, the other Western democracies and developing countries, who tried to hold the middle ground. These contrasting ...


The Scope Of Section 316(B) After Marblegate, Marcel Kahan Feb 2018

The Scope Of Section 316(B) After Marblegate, Marcel Kahan

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Section 316(b) of the Trust Indenture Act provides that right of any to receive payment of the principal and interest may not be impaired or affected without the holder’s consent. This article analyzes the recent case law on whether corporate restructurings that impair the practical ability of bondholders to obtain payment on their bonds violate Section 316(b) of the Trust Indenture Act. After concluding that the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit was correct in confining the scope of Section 316(b) to formal amendments to core payment terms, the article turns to an issue left ...


Combating Domestic Violence In Bangladesh: Law, Policy And Other Relevant Considerations, Dr. Zakia Afrin Jan 2018

Combating Domestic Violence In Bangladesh: Law, Policy And Other Relevant Considerations, Dr. Zakia Afrin

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

In 2011, an incident involving Professor Rumana Manzur of Dhaka University brought the topic of domestic violence in Bangladesh into main stream discussions. Professor Manzur’s husband of ten years, Hasan Syeed Sumon, had tried to gauge out both of her eyes by using his fingers, bit her nose and left her severely injured while they fought in her father’s residence in Dhaka. This incident shocked the whole country as well as diasporas abroad and forced the society to address the legal and societal loopholes to effectively combat this issue. Bangladesh has displayed an understanding of and respect for ...


Human Rights Abuse And Violations In Nigeria: A Case Study Of The Oil-Producing Communities In The Niger Delta Region, Dr. Ifeanyi I. Onwuazombe Jan 2018

Human Rights Abuse And Violations In Nigeria: A Case Study Of The Oil-Producing Communities In The Niger Delta Region, Dr. Ifeanyi I. Onwuazombe

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

Human rights abuses and violations in Nigeria in general and in the oilproducing communities in particular cut across the entire spectrum of rights. The abuses come in different forms and could be direct or indirect. The inhabitants of the Niger Delta region are subjected to regular rights abuses and violations by the state security agents and the oil corporations. The perpetrators of rights violations are hardly or never held accountable or brought to justice due to the myriad of problems besetting the judicial institutions. Besides, there is an apparent lack of trust and confidence in the courts and general apathy ...


Theoretical Underpinnings Of Trust Investment Law: Juxtaposing Nigerian Law With Current Trends In Other Common Law Jurisdictions, Dr. Larry O.C. Chukwu Jan 2018

Theoretical Underpinnings Of Trust Investment Law: Juxtaposing Nigerian Law With Current Trends In Other Common Law Jurisdictions, Dr. Larry O.C. Chukwu

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

Over the centuries, common law jurists and scholars have propounded theories and principles which underpin the conduct of the investment duty of trustees. This article offers a comparative analysis of the theoretical underpinnings of trust investment law as applicable in Nigeria vis-a-vis the current trends in other jurisdictions. It concludes that the Nigerian law is hopelessly lagging behind and proffers recommendations for reform.


Accountability Of International Ngos: Human Rights Violations In Healthcare Provision In Developing Countries And The Effectiveness Of Current Measures, Sharmeen Ahmed Jan 2018

Accountability Of International Ngos: Human Rights Violations In Healthcare Provision In Developing Countries And The Effectiveness Of Current Measures, Sharmeen Ahmed

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

In recent years, the number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in the international arena has vastly increased, generally making a positive impact. But, as this influence has deepened, governments in the developing world and scholars have scrutinized the work and accountability of NGOs given they are mostly independent and not subjected to international law. While NGOs must adhere to the domestic laws of the places within which they work, adherence is dependent upon the strength of enforcement of those laws. Proponents argue that this independence is essential for NGOs to effectively carry out their work. However, a review of healthcare ...


Responding To Homegrown Terrorism: The Case Of Boko Haram, Dr. Elimma C. Ezeani Jan 2018

Responding To Homegrown Terrorism: The Case Of Boko Haram, Dr. Elimma C. Ezeani

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

If terrorism as it is known from history is changing, should the response to it change as well? This paper reflects on the rise and activities of Boko Haram in Northern Nigeria and the hesitation of domestic, regional and international efforts in stemming its spread. It finds that the rise and impact of homegrown terrorist groups like Boko Haram deserve closer attention than they have previously received particularly with regard to legal responses by domestic governments and the international community. The activities of Boko Haram in Nigeria have brought to the fore challenges faced by law and governments in tackling ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2018

Table Of Contents

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Acknowledgment Jan 2018

Acknowledgment

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Editorial, Christian N. Okeke Jan 2018

Editorial, Christian N. Okeke

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Masthead And Front Matter Jan 2018

Masthead And Front Matter

Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi Jan 2018

Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: An Analysis Of The Indus Waters Treaty, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

Since India and Pakistan’s independence in 1947, both states have fought over the occupied territories of Kashmir to gain control of water supplies, which are strategically valuable. Even in recent times, the countries are facing constant threats from each other over several separate issues. India and Pakistan’s water conflicts are long-standing and relate to Indian infrastructure on the western tributaries. Pakistan is of the view that India is robbing Pakistan’s water supplies and building its water management capacity only as a political maneuver to gain political supremacy by practicing hydro-hegemony. On the other hand, India maintains that ...


Uniting Foes Of A Single Nation: Religious Dispute Resolution For India And Pakistan, Abraham Reinherz Jan 2018

Uniting Foes Of A Single Nation: Religious Dispute Resolution For India And Pakistan, Abraham Reinherz

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article will bring forth the argument that a religious-based dispute resolution mechanism should be employed to, at a bare minimum, build bridges between the two countries that are dominated by Hinduism and Islam. This article is not suggesting that religious-based dispute resolution will be a panacea to the India-Pakistan conflict, but simply a method of putting the countries on a step towards reconciliation. Section II of the article will detail the historical background of the conflict. Section III will highlight existing ADR in both India and Pakistan. Section IV will go over the Islamic perspective on dispute resolution. Section ...


Will The Zika Virus Enable A Transplant Of Roe V. Wade To Brazil?, Amanda Greenberg Jan 2018

Will The Zika Virus Enable A Transplant Of Roe V. Wade To Brazil?, Amanda Greenberg

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Impeachment Process Of Brazil: A Comparative Look At Impeachment In Brazil And The United States, Alexandra Rattinger Jan 2018

The Impeachment Process Of Brazil: A Comparative Look At Impeachment In Brazil And The United States, Alexandra Rattinger

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Creation Of The Sierra Del Divisor National Park: The Conservation Of Foreign Investment In Peru, Or How A National Park Neglects To Fully Protect Natural Resources Or Indigenous Communities, Charles Short Jan 2018

The Creation Of The Sierra Del Divisor National Park: The Conservation Of Foreign Investment In Peru, Or How A National Park Neglects To Fully Protect Natural Resources Or Indigenous Communities, Charles Short

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Deforestation Caused By Illegal Avocado Farming: A Case Study On The Effectiveness Of Mexico’S Payment For Ecosystem Services Program, Olivia Hansen Jan 2018

Deforestation Caused By Illegal Avocado Farming: A Case Study On The Effectiveness Of Mexico’S Payment For Ecosystem Services Program, Olivia Hansen

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Comparative Law In A Time Of Nativism, Margaret Woo Jan 2018

Comparative Law In A Time Of Nativism, Margaret Woo

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

Pressures of globalization have strained population movements, restructured markets have led to widening economic divides, and terrorism has redefined national borders and identity. What we have seen in response is a rise in nationalism, nativism and in the extreme cases, isolationism. This inward turn seems to be true at least in the U.S. and in China. This turning inward presents a challenge to those of us who work in and champion the cause of comparative law, since comparative studies by its nature urges us to turn our gaze outward. This article examines what the turn to nativism means for ...


Looking Beyond The Positive-Negative Rights Distinction: Analyzing Constitutional Rights According To Their Nature, Effect, And Reach, Jorge M. Farinacci-Fernós Jan 2018

Looking Beyond The Positive-Negative Rights Distinction: Analyzing Constitutional Rights According To Their Nature, Effect, And Reach, Jorge M. Farinacci-Fernós

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

The relatively short catalogue of rights recognized by the Constitution of the United States, coupled with their near exclusive articulation as political and civil rights of a negative character opposable only to state action, has substantially narrowed the scope of analysis as to the different features and manifestations of constitutional rights in general. This has led the debate amongst U.S. scholars to focus their attention to rights as a sometimes simplistic dichotomy between negative political rights on the one hand, and positive socioeconomic rights on the other, which are more typically found in modern, teleological constitutions. In this brief ...


Three Arguments Of The “Right To Secession” In The Civil War: International Perspectives, Han Liu Jan 2018

Three Arguments Of The “Right To Secession” In The Civil War: International Perspectives, Han Liu

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

Secession becomes a source of controversies again both within and outside the United States. In both political discourse and public imagination, the image of secession of the South in the mid-nineteenth century, as well as the Civil War it triggered, occupies an important position. Conducted in blood, the end of the Civil War is usually thought to establish a constitutional rule that no state shall secede from the Union. Challenging the conventional understanding, recent legal scholarship has shown that the legality/constitutionality of secession did not receive a definitive, legal answer at Appomattox. But the question remains: Why so? Explaining ...


U.N. Security Council Resolution 1540: An Exemplary Model For A Framework To Safeguard Dangerous Dams Against Sabotage By Nonstate Actors, Ian Andrew Barber Jan 2018

U.N. Security Council Resolution 1540: An Exemplary Model For A Framework To Safeguard Dangerous Dams Against Sabotage By Nonstate Actors, Ian Andrew Barber

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

The purpose of this research is to explore how an international framework could be developed in order to safeguard large dams against sabotage by nonstate actors, such as terrorist organizations or hostile civilians. The necessity of an international security agreement to manage dams as a global security threat will be clearly substantiated via an analysis of three determinants: the possible magnitude of dam failure, the inadequacies of international law to regulate asymmetric warfare, and the evolving threat of dam sabotage in the developing world. Subsequently, various legal components and regulatory mechanisms from an existing international agreement will be considered with ...


U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism, Curtis A. Bradley Jan 2018

U.S. War Powers And The Potential Benefits Of Comparativism, Curtis A. Bradley

Faculty Scholarship

There is no issue of foreign relations law more important than the allocation of authority over the use of military force. This issue is especially important for the United States given the frequency with which it is involved in military activities abroad. Yet there is significant uncertainty and debate in the United States over this issue — in particular, over whether and to what extent military actions must be authorized by Congress. Because U.S. courts in the modern era have generally declined to review the legality of military actions, disputes over this issue have had to be resolved, as a ...


Treaty Exit And Intra-Branch Conflict At The Interface Of International And Domestic Law, Laurence R. Helfer Jan 2018

Treaty Exit And Intra-Branch Conflict At The Interface Of International And Domestic Law, Laurence R. Helfer

Faculty Scholarship

This chapter, forthcoming in the Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law, considers two important and unresolved issues raised by unilateral withdrawal from or denunciation of treaties. The first issue concerns whether treaty obligations end in both international and domestic law after a state leaves a treaty. Exit often produces the same effects in both legal systems, but some withdrawals bifurcate a treaty’s status, ending its obligations in domestic law but continuing to bind the state internationally, or vice versa. The second issue concerns denunciations initiated by different branches of government. The decision to withdraw from a treaty is ...


Temporary Legislation's Finest Hour?: Towards A Proper Model Of Temporary Legislation In Israel שעתן היפה של הוראות השעה?: לקראת מודל ראוי של חקיקה זמנית בישראל, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov Dec 2017

Temporary Legislation's Finest Hour?: Towards A Proper Model Of Temporary Legislation In Israel שעתן היפה של הוראות השעה?: לקראת מודל ראוי של חקיקה זמנית בישראל, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

Dr. Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

This article discusses a major trend in Israeli legislation in recent years: the rise of temporary legislation in Israel. The first part of the article presents a first-of-its-kind empirical study that reveals that the Knesset is increasingly using temporary legislation, which is referred to in Israel as "temporary provisions." Against this background, the main purpose of the article is normative: to propose a model for proper use of temporary legislation in Israel. After reviewing the normative debate for and against temporary legislation, the article focuses on two central questions: When is it appropriate to make use of temporary legislation; and ...


A Necessary Decision Or An Unjustified "Major Deviation" From The Case Law?: Commentary On Hcj 10042/16 Quantinsky V. The Israeli Knesset In The Matter Of The Third Apartment Tax ?החלטה מתבקשת או "סטיה רבתי" בלתי מוצדקת מההלכה הפסוקה הערת פסיקה על בג"ץ 10042/16 קוונטינסקי נ' כנסת ישראל בעניין מס דירה שלישית, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov Dec 2017

A Necessary Decision Or An Unjustified "Major Deviation" From The Case Law?: Commentary On Hcj 10042/16 Quantinsky V. The Israeli Knesset In The Matter Of The Third Apartment Tax ?החלטה מתבקשת או "סטיה רבתי" בלתי מוצדקת מההלכה הפסוקה הערת פסיקה על בג"ץ 10042/16 קוונטינסקי נ' כנסת ישראל בעניין מס דירה שלישית, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

Dr. Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

This article analyzes the judgment of the Supreme Court of Israel in HCJ 10042/16 Quantinsky v. the Israeli Knesset, which invalidated the “Third Apartment Tax” provisions in the Arrangements Law. This is one of the most important judgments in the field of judicial review of the legislative process and the first case that invalidated a law due to defects in its legislative process. The article argues that the judgment is characterized by a considerable gap between the positions of the Justices in the majority to the dissent opinion in characterizing the judgment and its relationship to the Poultry Growers ...


Revolution Or Continuity? Bank Hamizrachi's Role In The Development Of Judicial Review Models In Israel מהפכה או המשכיות?: מקומו של פסק דין בנק המזרחי בהתפתחות המודלים של ביקורת שיפוטית בישראל, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov Dec 2017

Revolution Or Continuity? Bank Hamizrachi's Role In The Development Of Judicial Review Models In Israel מהפכה או המשכיות?: מקומו של פסק דין בנק המזרחי בהתפתחות המודלים של ביקורת שיפוטית בישראל, Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

Dr. Ittai Bar-Siman-Tov

This article examines the role of the Bank Hamizrachi case in the development of models of judicial review in Israel. The article analyzes the developments over the years in the attitude of the case-law toward the various models of judicial review: from the era of parliamentary sovereignty; through the Bergman case, which created a model of semi-procedural judicial review stemming from procedural constitutional entrenchment; and the Nimrodi case, which recognized the procedural model a few years before Bank Hamizrachi, which in turn, created the substantive constitutional model; to the Quantinsky ruling in the matter of a multi-apartment tax, which was ...


Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China, Erin Ryan Dec 2017

Breathing Air With Heft: An Experiential Report On Environmental Regulation And Public Health In Urban China, Erin Ryan

Erin Ryan

This article explores the gritty intersections of daily life and environmental law in modern China, an industrial powerhouse still struggling to reconcile economic opportunity with breathable air, clean water, healthy food, and safe products.  With comparative perspective on analogous challenges in the United States, the article reports on these critical domestic challenges for China at a pivotal moment in its reemergence as a dominant world power.  China’s continued geopolitical rise may well hinge on its ability to respond successfully to the environmental causes of growing social unrest.
 
In 2011, in the midst of this maelstrom, I brought my husband ...