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Full-Text Articles in Law

What Accounts For The Variation Of Immigration Policies In Western Democracies Since 9/11?, Hayley Mcelroy Jan 2021

What Accounts For The Variation Of Immigration Policies In Western Democracies Since 9/11?, Hayley Mcelroy

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

From the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks to now, there has been a dramatic change of immigration policies among Western Democracies. This comparative paper will measure the change of refugee acceptance rates and will discover the reasons for these variations. Immigration has become a major issue in the United States as well as in other Western democracies. Even though most of these democracies are located in similar geographic areas and have similar cultures, they all have different approaches when it comes to accepting immigrants and refugees. Furthermore, this paper will analyze the policies of the United States, the ...


Masthead Jul 2020

Masthead

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Combatting Corruption In The “Era Of Xi Jinping”: A Law And Economics Perspective, Miron Mushkat, Roda Mushkat Jul 2020

Combatting Corruption In The “Era Of Xi Jinping”: A Law And Economics Perspective, Miron Mushkat, Roda Mushkat

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

Pervasive graft, widely observed throughout Chinese history but deprived of proper outlets and suppressed in the years following the Communist Revolution, resurfaced on massive scale when partial marketization of the economy was embraced in 1978 and beyond. The authorities had endeavored to alleviate the problem, but in an uneven and less than determined fashion. The battle against corruption has greatly intensified after Xi Jinping ascended to power in 2012. The multiyear antigraft campaign that has unfolded has been carried out in an iron-fisted and relentless fashion. It has yielded some tangible benefits, yet the negative side of the ledger is ...


Eu-China Fta: Enhanced Enforcement And Umbrella Coverage Of Anticorruption, Ron Brown Jul 2020

Eu-China Fta: Enhanced Enforcement And Umbrella Coverage Of Anticorruption, Ron Brown

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Should The Proud Dragon Repent? A Relative Theory For China’S State Capitalist Banking Sector Based On East Asia’S Experience, Yueh-Ping (Alex) Yang Jul 2020

Should The Proud Dragon Repent? A Relative Theory For China’S State Capitalist Banking Sector Based On East Asia’S Experience, Yueh-Ping (Alex) Yang

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

Amidst the U.S.-China trade war, China’s banking sector, the backbone of China’s economy, plays a key role in this battle. China’s banking sector, however, poses a puzzle to contemporary studies of state-owned banks (“SBs”). According to the property right theory, the mainstream SB theory, SBs are negative for the financial and economic development of an economy because it is susceptible to more serious agency problems, excessive political intervention, and conflict of interest between state regulators and state owners. That said, the economic success of China, whose banks are mostly owned and controlled by the Chinese ...


California And The European Union Take The Lead In Data Protection, Dyann Heward-Mills, Helga Turku Jul 2020

California And The European Union Take The Lead In Data Protection, Dyann Heward-Mills, Helga Turku

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Japanese Financial Regulations And Keiretsu Style Groups On Japanese Corporate Governance, Ken Kobayashi Jul 2020

Effects Of Japanese Financial Regulations And Keiretsu Style Groups On Japanese Corporate Governance, Ken Kobayashi

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


From The Editor, Anushri Mehta Jul 2020

From The Editor, Anushri Mehta

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

No abstract provided.


Systems Of Preferential Tax Treatment In The Eu: A Case Study Of Apple, Inc., Constanza Ortiz Jul 2020

Systems Of Preferential Tax Treatment In The Eu: A Case Study Of Apple, Inc., Constanza Ortiz

Hastings International and Comparative Law Review

Transfer pricing allows corporations to shift profits from high-tax jurisdictions to low-tax jurisdictions. When employed by multinational corporations, which produce up to 70% of the wordl’s trade, many can shelter billions of dollars in tax havens. This paper explores how this is possible by analyzing the ise of Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Tools in Ireland.


Policing The Wombs Of The World's Women: The Mexico City Policy, Samantha Lalisan Jul 2020

Policing The Wombs Of The World's Women: The Mexico City Policy, Samantha Lalisan

Indiana Law Journal

This Comment argues that the Policy should be repealed because it undermines

firmly held First Amendment values and would be considered unconstitutional if

applied to domestic nongovernmental organizations (DNGOs). It proceeds in four

parts. Part I describes the inception of the Policy and contextualizes it among other

antiabortion policies that resulted as a backlash to the U.S. Supreme Court’s

landmark decision in Roe v. Wade. Part II explains the Policy’s actual effect on

FNGOs, particularly focusing on organizations based in Nepal and Peru, and argues

that the Policy undermines democratic processes abroad and fails to achieve its ...


Letter From The Editor, Brad A. Rocheville Jun 2020

Letter From The Editor, Brad A. Rocheville

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


International "Constitutions" And Comparative Constitutional Law, Michael Da Silva Jun 2020

International "Constitutions" And Comparative Constitutional Law, Michael Da Silva

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Many legal scholars and jurists see a particular document or a collection of documents as a means of constitutionalizing international law. The Charter of the United Nations is a prime example. Based on this, comparisons are made between international law and domestic constitutional orders, and these comparisons are sometimes used to decide cases. However, there is reason to question whether the international legal order has enough features of domestic constitutional orders to justify judicial comparison between the international legal order and domestic constitutional orders. The ongoing constitutionalization process is unlikely to produce an international legal order with sufficiently similar features ...


A Second Chance On Earth: Understanding The Selection Process Of The Judges Of The Colombian Special Jurisdiction For Peace, Santiago Pardo Rodríguez Jun 2020

A Second Chance On Earth: Understanding The Selection Process Of The Judges Of The Colombian Special Jurisdiction For Peace, Santiago Pardo Rodríguez

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

For over fifty years, Colombia has faced a bloody and cruel civil conflict. Some of the most conservative studies have estimated that the total death toll of the war may be 220,000. The weight of this number heavily lies on the civilian population. It is estimated that around 81% of those killed in the conflict are non-combatant civilians. This represents, according to the data collected by the government’s Center for National Memory, around 180,000 civilian victims. In other words, as a civilian, the probability of being a victim in the Colombian conflict was nine times higher than ...


Challenges To, And Manifesto For, Fact-Finding In A Time Of Disinformation, Agnés Callamard Jun 2020

Challenges To, And Manifesto For, Fact-Finding In A Time Of Disinformation, Agnés Callamard

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Liberal and democratic values are in jeopardy, as is the rules-based international system and the norms it embodies, both being subject to multiple attacks that, once taboo, now, quite to the contrary, are both claimed and carried out with pride. This Article assesses the current human rights environment from the perspective of a United Nations factfinder. The impact of technological advancement on the human rights framework and the process of evidence-gathering is discussed, particularly regarding the spread of misinformation. The Article concludes with a manifesto for fact-finding as a pathway to knowledge and justice.


The Rise Of Hybrid Warfare, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi Jun 2020

The Rise Of Hybrid Warfare, Waseem Ahmad Qureshi

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

In the twenty-first century, wars are not declared or waged conventionally; instead, conflicts are instigated by clandestine agents using cyber tools, information operations, NGOs, nonstate actors, economic tools, propaganda, ambiguity, terrorism, and insurgency or rebel movements. In hybrid warfare, the lines between peacetime and wartime and between combatants and civilians are blurred. Further, systemic aggression is imposed on a targeted state using gray zones, nonlinear warfare, unrestricted warfare, unconventional warfare, and color revolutions to avoid attribution and possible retribution for the aggression. Hybrid warfare employs a wide array of power tools, ranging from political, economic, military, and civil to informational ...


Legal System Network Effects And Global Legal Development, David C. Donald Jun 2020

Legal System Network Effects And Global Legal Development, David C. Donald

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

Law originates in local environments, yet can be transmitted globally or over time to new contexts and foreign or future users. At its origin, law arises in response to social needs, but once formalized it takes on a semantic life of its own in a network of users. A rule created in response to a random New York plaintiff could—with sufficient popularity—end up as the standard norm applied globally, regardless of its underlying suitability for specific local needs.

To better understand the consequence of these legal system network effects on global legal development, this Article applies Klausner’s ...


Modernity And The Law: A Late Twentieth Century View, Robert P. Burns Jun 2020

Modernity And The Law: A Late Twentieth Century View, Robert P. Burns

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

This Article explores Roberto Unger’s understanding of the specific significance that modernity has for law. It provides an account of the distinctions among customary law, bureaucratic law, the modern liberal rule of law ideal, and the unraveling of the rule of law in postliberal societies. It compares his views with those of other major theorists of modernity and with legal theorists. Finally, it discusses his speculations about then future developments and the relationship between central institutional and philosophical issues.


Masthead Jun 2020

Masthead

Notre Dame Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Guinea-Bissau Constitutional Reform Debate, Watson Aila Gomes Jun 2020

The Guinea-Bissau Constitutional Reform Debate, Watson Aila Gomes

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The enactment of law is not to be confused with the rule of law, and simply having a constitution does not guarantee political order. In Guinea-Bissau there have been calls to write a new constitution, but whether that helps Guinea-Bissau become a more stable country is questionable. Currently, there is a gap in the research of social science, history and political science examining how the processes of instability have unfolded in Guinea-Bissau. Few studies attempt to examine the correlation between a country’s stability and its constitution. A paradoxical situation exists in many countries in Africa where the political system ...


Extraterritoriality As Choice Of Law, Carlos Manuel Vázquez Jun 2020

Extraterritoriality As Choice Of Law, Carlos Manuel Vázquez

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The proper treatment of provisions that specify the extraterritorial scope of statutes has long been a matter of controversy in Conflict of Laws scholarship. This issue is a matter of considerable contemporary interest because the Third Restatement of Conflict of Laws proposes to address such provisions in a way that diverges from how they were treated in the Second Restatement. The Second Restatement treats such provisions—which I call geographic scope limitations—as choice-of-law rules, meaning, inter alia, that the courts will ordinarily disregard them when the forum’s choice-of-law rules or a contractual choice-of-law clause selects the law of ...


Insider Trading Framework In United States And Egyptian Stock Markets, Elsayed Eldaydamony May 2020

Insider Trading Framework In United States And Egyptian Stock Markets, Elsayed Eldaydamony

The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law

This article examines the law of insider trading in both the American and Egyptian legal systems. It seeks to pinpoint the policy rationale behind prohibiting insider trading, the theories of civil enforcement and criminalization, and the concept of tipping in the United States. It also analyzes the express statutory prohibition under Egyptian law. Furthermore, it explains the doctrinal link between securities fraud and insider trading in the U.S. as well as the enforcement mechanisms in place at the SEC, the NYSE, and the NASDAQ. It also surveys the surveillance authority of the Egyptian Financial Regularity Authority and of the ...


Eu Crypto Currency Regulation: Creating A Haven For Businesses Or For Criminals?, Blake Hamil May 2020

Eu Crypto Currency Regulation: Creating A Haven For Businesses Or For Criminals?, Blake Hamil

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


Speak Up, Or Not: Lack Of Freedom Of Speech Protection In Vietnam, Its Global Impact, And Proposed Solutions For Adequate Remedies, H. Grant Doan May 2020

Speak Up, Or Not: Lack Of Freedom Of Speech Protection In Vietnam, Its Global Impact, And Proposed Solutions For Adequate Remedies, H. Grant Doan

Georgia Journal of International & Comparative Law

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Risky Bet For Environmental Law And Policy In Brazil, Julio Borges May 2020

The Politics Of Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Risky Bet For Environmental Law And Policy In Brazil, Julio Borges

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

Seeking to disseminate cost-benefit analysis as part of a global agenda of reforms on regulatory policy, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (“OECD”) has advocated this economic tool to all its member countries. A key partner of that international organization since 2007, Brazil officially sought in 2017 to be a permanent OECD member, which means accepting orientation from that organization on policy reforms, namely regulatory policy. This Article disagrees with OECD’s recommendation because traditional cost-benefit analysis has been technically flawed and politically biased towards a deregulatory agenda. The purpose of this Article, therefore, is to analyze the potential ...


Minority Vetoes In Consociational Legislatures: Ultimately Weaponized?, Devin Haymond May 2020

Minority Vetoes In Consociational Legislatures: Ultimately Weaponized?, Devin Haymond

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

In societies emerging from or at risk for conflict, dividing power among rival groups—called power-sharing—can be an appropriate arrangement to maintaining peace. But how can groups, who are often emerging from violent conflict, trust sharing a government with rival groups that were just recently shooting at them?

A potential solution is the minority veto, which is allows minority groups to block the government from harming those groups’ vital interests. But what sorts of change blocking mechanisms constitute a minority veto? Who gets the veto power, and when can they be used? Do minority vetoes function as effective incentives ...


Taxonomy Of Powers And Roles Of Upper Chambers In Bicameral Legislatures, Carolyn Griffith May 2020

Taxonomy Of Powers And Roles Of Upper Chambers In Bicameral Legislatures, Carolyn Griffith

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

Bicameral legislatures exist around the world, with power divisions to create checks and balances on the constitutional order as a whole. In the context of constitutional design, this presents a variety of options of roles and rights given to each chamber at each step in both the legislative process and beyond. Taken as a whole, this taxonomy demonstrates there are nearly an infinite number of possibilities for separating powers between upper and lower chambers in bicameral legislatures. Often, these decisions are guided by the history of the country. For each federal legislature that places powers or votes in one chamber ...


Models Of Pre-Promulgation Review Of Legislation, Rachel Myers May 2020

Models Of Pre-Promulgation Review Of Legislation, Rachel Myers

Indiana Journal of Constitutional Design

Pre-promulgation review seeks to harmonize legislation with the constitution by engaging in a dialogue among government institutions that seeks to prevent unconstitutional legislation from becoming law. Pre-promulgation review is an integral part of the lawmaking process, and this study seeks to unite scholarship on different methods of this review in a comparative survey to assist lawyers, policymakers, and scholars. A wide range of institutions may fulfill the function of reviewing proposed legislation for compliance with the constitution or other codes of national importance prior to their passage into law. Because of this diversity, scholarship on the topic of pre-promulgation review ...


Prefatory Matter And Table Of Contents May 2020

Prefatory Matter And Table Of Contents

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Narcotraffic As Connected Political Crime In Colombia: The Farc Case, Andrea Mateus-Rugeles, Paula C. Arias May 2020

Narcotraffic As Connected Political Crime In Colombia: The Farc Case, Andrea Mateus-Rugeles, Paula C. Arias

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.


Nicolás Maduro’S Impunity Is A Foregone Conclusion: A Case For Replacing The Treaty-Based Rule Of Law Model With Universal Jurisdiction, Alec Waid May 2020

Nicolás Maduro’S Impunity Is A Foregone Conclusion: A Case For Replacing The Treaty-Based Rule Of Law Model With Universal Jurisdiction, Alec Waid

University of Miami Inter-American Law Review

No abstract provided.