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Occupational Radiation Exposure Health Risks And Radiation Safety Practices Relative To Interventional Cardiology Providers, Brandon Young 2020 Augsburg University

Occupational Radiation Exposure Health Risks And Radiation Safety Practices Relative To Interventional Cardiology Providers, Brandon Young

Theses and Graduate Projects

Background: Occupational radiation exposure is a health risk for many healthcare professionals working in interventional cardiology. As technology has progressed, interventional procedures have become more complex and subsequently longer in radiation exposure duration, resulting in a need for radiation safety practices to meet the ever growing demands of the interventional team and ideally outpace these demands.

Methods: A comprehensive systematic literature review was conducted using PubMed. Articles on the health risks of occupational radiation exposure were selected to demonstrate the breadth of potential adverse effects of radiation exposure with less focus on the depth of these effects. Articles covering occupational ...


Abdominal Ultrasound - Gallbladder And Biliary Tree, Brian Loe 2020 RAD-AID

Abdominal Ultrasound - Gallbladder And Biliary Tree, Brian Loe

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. The presentation provides an overview of how to perform an abdominal ultrasound of the gallbladder and biliary tree.


Abdominal Ultrasound – Kidneys, Brian Loe 2020 RAD-AID

Abdominal Ultrasound – Kidneys, Brian Loe

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. The presentation provides an overview of how to perform an abdominal ultrasound of the kidneys.


Performance Of Lung Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Pediatric Pneumonia In Mozambique And Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, Naila Nadeem 2020 University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Performance Of Lung Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of Pediatric Pneumonia In Mozambique And Pakistan, Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Jennifer L. Lenahan, Fyezah Jehan, Rubao Bila, Alessandro Lamorte, Jun Hwang, Lola Madrid, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Benazir Baloch, Naila Nadeem

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: Improved pneumonia diagnostics are needed in low-resource settings (LRS); lung ultrasound (LUS) is a promising diagnostic technology for pneumonia. The objective was to compare LUS versus chest radiograph (CXR), and among LUS interpreters, to compare expert versus limited training with respect to interrater reliability.
Methods: We conducted a prospective, observational study among children with World Health Organization (WHO) Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) chest-indrawing pneumonia at two district hospitals in Mozambique and Pakistan, and assessed LUS and CXR examinations. The primary endpoint was interrater reliability between LUS and CXR interpreters for pneumonia diagnosis among children with WHO IMCI ...


Approach To Pediatric Plain Films, Chido D. Vera 2020 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center

Approach To Pediatric Plain Films, Chido D. Vera

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is part of the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. The presentation provides an overview of pediatric plain films radiology. Different approaches are discussed.


Interobserver Reliability Of The Renal Nephrometry Scoring System: Experience From A Developing Nation, Kumail Khandwala, Dawar Khan, Zainab Hussain, Nida Sajjad, Muhammad Ismail Alvi 2020 Aga Khan University

Interobserver Reliability Of The Renal Nephrometry Scoring System: Experience From A Developing Nation, Kumail Khandwala, Dawar Khan, Zainab Hussain, Nida Sajjad, Muhammad Ismail Alvi

Department of Radiology

Introduction: The RENAL (radius, exophytic/endophytic properties, nearness of tumor to the collecting system or sinus in millimeters, anterior/posterior, location relative to polar lines) nephrometry score (RENAL-NS) has been described as a structured and quantifiable method to describe a renal tumor’s relevant anatomic features as they relate to the complexity of the lesion. We aim to evaluate a tumor’s RENAL-NS and to assess the reproducibility of the score among different observers.
Methods: This retrospective study included 49 patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who had complete computed tomography (CT) data, RENAL-NS, and histopathology results. All patients ...


The Correlation Between Stone Nephrolithometry Score And Hemoglobin Drop In Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Basit Salam, Hammad Ather 2020 Aga Khan University

The Correlation Between Stone Nephrolithometry Score And Hemoglobin Drop In Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Basit Salam, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine the correlation between the STONE score [(S)ize of the stone, (T)opography or location, degree of (O)bstruction of the urinary system, (N)umber of stones, and (E)valuation of Hounsfield units] and postoperative hemoglobin drop in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Methods: This was a prospective observational study and all adult patients aged 18-65 years undergoing unilateral, single-tract PCNL using 26 Ch. Amplatz sheath for renal calculi were included. The five variables of the STONE nephrolithometry score were calculated prior to the procedure. The stone-free rates were assessed on imaging ...


Variability Of Breast Density Assessment And The Need For Additional Imaging: A Comparison Between Computed Mammography And Digital Mammography, Shaista Afzal Saeed, Imrana Masroor, Hina Iqbal, Saira Naz Sufian, Muhammad Awais 2020 Aga Khan University

Variability Of Breast Density Assessment And The Need For Additional Imaging: A Comparison Between Computed Mammography And Digital Mammography, Shaista Afzal Saeed, Imrana Masroor, Hina Iqbal, Saira Naz Sufian, Muhammad Awais

Department of Radiology

Objective: To determine the variability of breast density assessment and the need for additional imaging using computed radiography (CR) mammography versus digital radiography (DR) mammography.
Study design: Cohort study.
Place and duration of study: Department of Radiology, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi from March to June 2018.
Methodology: Patients who underwent screening CR mammography, followed by DR mammography a year later, were selected. Only disease-free individuals were included in the study. Evaluation of breast density was done subjectively, using the breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) by two independent experienced radiologists. Statistical analysis was performed using the Wilcox ...


Scalp Myiasis In An Ulcerated Abscess In A 7-Year Old Child, Abdullah Khan, Faheem Ullah Khan, Jawad Ahmad, Hameed Ullah, Wiqar Ahmad 2020 Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, Pakistan

Scalp Myiasis In An Ulcerated Abscess In A 7-Year Old Child, Abdullah Khan, Faheem Ullah Khan, Jawad Ahmad, Hameed Ullah, Wiqar Ahmad

Department of Radiology

No abstract provided.


Malignant Phyllodes Tumor With Extensive Lipomatous Differentiation., Jeffrey Landy, Priya Johal, Alexander Sevrukov, Ida Teberian, Jason Shames, Christopher Sebastiano, Theresa Kaufman 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Malignant Phyllodes Tumor With Extensive Lipomatous Differentiation., Jeffrey Landy, Priya Johal, Alexander Sevrukov, Ida Teberian, Jason Shames, Christopher Sebastiano, Theresa Kaufman

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Phyllodes tumors are uncommon neoplasms of the breast. Lipomatous differentiation of malignant phyllodes tumor is a rare stromal alteration of this fibroepithelial tumor, demonstrated as a fat-containing mass on imaging. We present the case of a 46-year-old woman who was diagnosed with a malignant phyllodes tumor of the breast that demonstrated extensive lipomatous differentiation.


Incorporation Of A Machine Learning Algorithm With Object Detection Within The Thyroid Imaging Reporting And Data System Improves The Diagnosis Of Genetic Risk., Shuo Wang, Jiajun Xu, Aylin Tahmasebi, Kelly Daniels, Ji-Bin Liu, Joseph Curry, Elizabeth Cottrill, Andrej Lyshchik, John R Eisenbrey 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Incorporation Of A Machine Learning Algorithm With Object Detection Within The Thyroid Imaging Reporting And Data System Improves The Diagnosis Of Genetic Risk., Shuo Wang, Jiajun Xu, Aylin Tahmasebi, Kelly Daniels, Ji-Bin Liu, Joseph Curry, Elizabeth Cottrill, Andrej Lyshchik, John R Eisenbrey

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Background: The role of next generation sequencing (NGS) for identifying high risk mutations in thyroid nodules following fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy continues to grow. However, ultrasound diagnosis even using the American College of Radiology's Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) has limited ability to stratify genetic risk. The purpose of this study was to incorporate an artificial intelligence (AI) algorithm of thyroid ultrasound with object detection within the TI-RADS scoring system to improve prediction of genetic risk in these nodules.

Methods: Two hundred fifty-two nodules from 249 patients that underwent ultrasound imaging and ultrasound-guided FNA with NGS ...


Mesenteric Lymphatic Malformation Mimicking An Adnexal Source In A Teenager, Victoria L. Troesch, Erica M. Carlisle, Sarah A. Shaffer 2020 University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa

Mesenteric Lymphatic Malformation Mimicking An Adnexal Source In A Teenager, Victoria L. Troesch, Erica M. Carlisle, Sarah A. Shaffer

Proceedings in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Mesenteric lymphatic malformations are rare benign tumors that are usually found in children and very rarely are they found in the abdomen. We present a rare case in which a mesenteric lymphatic malformation mimics an adnexal source. This is an important contribution to obstetrics and gynecology literature to show the importance of keeping this rare diagnosis on the differential, as well as the value of multi-disciplinary care.


Radiofrequency Ablation For The Palliative Treatment Of Bone Metastases: Outcomes From The Multicenter Osteocool Tumor Ablation Post-Market Study (Opus One Study) In 100 Patients, Jason Levy, Thomas Hopkins, Jonathan Morris, Nam D. Tran, Elizabeth David, Francesco Massari, Hamed Farid, Alexander Vogel, William G. O'Connell, Peter Sunenshine, Robert Dixon, Afshin Gangi, Nicolas von der Hoh, Sandeep Bagla 2020 Northside Hospital

Radiofrequency Ablation For The Palliative Treatment Of Bone Metastases: Outcomes From The Multicenter Osteocool Tumor Ablation Post-Market Study (Opus One Study) In 100 Patients, Jason Levy, Thomas Hopkins, Jonathan Morris, Nam D. Tran, Elizabeth David, Francesco Massari, Hamed Farid, Alexander Vogel, William G. O'Connell, Peter Sunenshine, Robert Dixon, Afshin Gangi, Nicolas Von Der Hoh, Sandeep Bagla

Radiology Publications

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of radiofrequency (RF) ablation as measured by change in worst pain score from baseline to 3 mo after RF ablation for the palliative treatment of painful bone metastases.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients (mean age, 64.6 y) underwent RF ablation for metastatic bone disease and were followed up to 6 mo. Subjects' pain and quality of life were measured before RF ablation and postoperatively by using the Brief Pain Index and European Quality of Life questionnaires. Opioid agent use and device-, procedure-, and/or therapy-related adverse events (AEs) were collected.

RESULTS: Eighty-seven patients ...


Postoperative Retroperitoneal Hematoma: A Case Of Saw Palmetto And The Importance Of Primary Care Intervention, Seetha Venkateswaran, Ricardo Declet-Bauzo, Michael Shodeinde, Patricia Gilford 2020 Orange Park Medical Center

Postoperative Retroperitoneal Hematoma: A Case Of Saw Palmetto And The Importance Of Primary Care Intervention, Seetha Venkateswaran, Ricardo Declet-Bauzo, Michael Shodeinde, Patricia Gilford

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction: A middle-aged male with a history of bilateral inguinal hernia repair was admitted for acute abdominal pain. The patient reported that he took prescribed hydrocodone and a saw palmetto supplement prior to surgery. He denied any recent trauma after the procedure, and he was unable to schedule a follow-up appointment with the surgeon or the primary care physician.

Clinical Findings: Diagnosis: The CT angiography of the abdomen/pelvis was indicative of new interval development of a large left retroperitoneal hematoma. Intervention: No emergent intervention was required following the evaluation by the surgery and interventional radiology (IR) departments. Outcome: There ...


Pulmonary Edema: A Pictorial Review Of Imaging Manifestations And Current Understanding Of Mechanisms Of Disease, Maria Barile 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Pulmonary Edema: A Pictorial Review Of Imaging Manifestations And Current Understanding Of Mechanisms Of Disease, Maria Barile

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Pulmonary edema is a common clinical entity caused by the extravascular movement of fluid into the pulmonary interstitium and alveoli. The four physiologic categories of edema include hydrostatic pressure edema, permeability edema with and without diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), and mixed edema where there is both an increase in hydrostatic pressure and membrane permeability. As radiographic manifestations and etiologies are varied, an appreciation for both the common and uncommon manifestations and causes of pulmonary edema is essential for accurate diagnosis.


Simple Quantitative Chest Ct For Pulmonary Edema, Maria Barile, Tomoyuki Hida, Mark Hammer, Hiroto Hatabu 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Simple Quantitative Chest Ct For Pulmonary Edema, Maria Barile, Tomoyuki Hida, Mark Hammer, Hiroto Hatabu

Radiology Publications

Purpose: To determine the accuracy of quantitative CT to diagnose pulmonary edema compared to qualitative CT and CXR and to determine a threshold Hounsfield unit (HU) measurement for pulmonary edema on CT examinations.

Method: Electronic medical records were searched for patients with a billing diagnosis of heart failure and a Chest CT and CXR performed within three hours between 1/1/2016 to 10/1/2016, yielding 100 patients. CXR and CT examinations were scored for the presence and severity of edema, using a 0-5 scale, and CT HU measurements were obtained in each lobe. Polyserial correlation coefficients evaluated the ...


Introduction To Normal And Abnormal Fetal Anatomy, Brian Loe 2020 RAD-AID

Introduction To Normal And Abnormal Fetal Anatomy, Brian Loe

PEER Liberia Project

This is a lecture in the PEER Liberia Radiology Lecture Series. This presentation provides an overview of normal and abnormal fetal anatomy and how to discern between the two by using ultrasound methods.


Characterization Of Indeterminate Breast Lesions On B-Mode Ultrasound Using Automated Machine Learning Models, Shuo Wang, Sihua Niu, Enze Qu, Flemming Forsberg, Annina Wilkes, Alexander Sevrukov, Kibo Nam, Robert F. Mattrey, Haydee Ojeda-Fournier, John R. Eisenbrey 2020 Thomas Jefferson University; Drexel University

Characterization Of Indeterminate Breast Lesions On B-Mode Ultrasound Using Automated Machine Learning Models, Shuo Wang, Sihua Niu, Enze Qu, Flemming Forsberg, Annina Wilkes, Alexander Sevrukov, Kibo Nam, Robert F. Mattrey, Haydee Ojeda-Fournier, John R. Eisenbrey

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Purpose: While mammography has excellent sensitivity for the detection of breast lesions, its specificity is limited. Adjunct screening with ultrasound may partially alleviate this issue, but also increases false positives, resulting in unnecessary biopsies. This study investigated the use of Google AutoML Vision (Mountain View, CA), a commercially available machine learning service, to both identify and characterize indeterminate breast lesions on ultrasound.

Methods: B-mode images from 253 independent cases of indeterminate breast lesions scheduled for core biopsy were used for model creation and validation. The performances of two sub-models from AutoML Vision, the image classification model and object detection model ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2020, 2020 Advocate Aurora Health

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2020

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Abstracts published in this supplement were among those presented at the 46th annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium, held virtually on May 20, 2020. The symposium provides a forum for describing research studies conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and allied health professionals affiliated with Wisconsin-based Aurora Health Care, a part of the Advocate Aurora Health health system, which publishes the Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews.


Lipophilic Dye-Compatible Brain Clearing Technique Allowing Correlative Magnetic Resonance/High-Resolution Fluorescence Imaging In Rat Models Of Glioblastoma, Marco Peviani, Giorgia Spano, Antonella Pagani, Gianluca Brugnara, Cesare Covino, Rossella Galli, Alessandra Biffi, Letterio S. Politi 2020 Harvard Medical School

Lipophilic Dye-Compatible Brain Clearing Technique Allowing Correlative Magnetic Resonance/High-Resolution Fluorescence Imaging In Rat Models Of Glioblastoma, Marco Peviani, Giorgia Spano, Antonella Pagani, Gianluca Brugnara, Cesare Covino, Rossella Galli, Alessandra Biffi, Letterio S. Politi

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

In this work we optimized a novel approach for combining in vivo MRI and ex vivo high-resolution fluorescence microscopy that involves: (i) a method for slicing rat brain tissue into sections with the same thickness and spatial orientation as in in vivo MRI, to better correlate in vivo MRI analyses with ex-vivo imaging via scanning confocal microscope and (ii) an improved clearing protocol compatible with lipophilic dyes that highlight the neurovascular network, to obtain high tissue transparency while preserving tissue staining and morphology with no significant tissue shrinkage or expansion. We applied this methodology in two rat models of glioblastoma ...


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