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Modern Approaches For Antiandrogen-Resistant Prostate Cancer Therapy, Felix Voinea, Laura Mazilu, Ioan Sergiu Micu, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Madalina Iliescu, Andrada Dumitru, Vlad Denis Constantin, Ioana Paunica, Andra Iulia Suceveanu 2021 OVIDIUS UNIVERSITY, FACULTY OF MEDICINE, DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGY, CONSTANTA, ROMANIA

Modern Approaches For Antiandrogen-Resistant Prostate Cancer Therapy, Felix Voinea, Laura Mazilu, Ioan Sergiu Micu, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Madalina Iliescu, Andrada Dumitru, Vlad Denis Constantin, Ioana Paunica, Andra Iulia Suceveanu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Prostate cancer represents the leading malignant tumor in men over 50 years of age with 400,000 new cases being diagnosed yearly in Europe. Even if the incidence rate is higher than the mortality rate, still there is an increasing trend when speaking of its mortality. The increasing incidence of the metabolic syndrome, the unhealthy lifestyle, the high lipid and Calcium intake, the high spread of infections with Human Papilloma Virus, Human Herpes Virus, the excess of androgen consumption and the longer life expectancy, are few of the main causes of prostate cancer increasing incidence. The new systemic therapies such ...


The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, Denisa Oana Balalau, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Stana Paunica, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Anca Daniela Stanescu 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

The Analysis Of Risk Factors Associated With Women's Urinary Incontinence; Literature Review, Denisa Oana Balalau, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Stana Paunica, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Anca Daniela Stanescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common condition among women. Approximately 50% of them had an involuntary loss of urine at least once in their lifetime. It can be present during sexual activity, contributing to sexual dysfunction and often associated with anxiety or even depression, thus having a negative impact on the quality of life. The incidence of UI is related to the existence of predisposing factors. The best known are: age, weight, family history, race/ ethnicity, number of pregnancies and mode of birth, history of genitourinary interventions and factors related to ordinary habits: smoking, caffeine consumption, oral contraceptives. Studies on ...


Analysis Of 114 Pedigrees Of Renal Stone Patients: A Retrospective Review, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Daniya Umer, Zehra Kazmi, Hussam Uddin Soomro, Rubab Mansoor 2021 Aga Khan University

Analysis Of 114 Pedigrees Of Renal Stone Patients: A Retrospective Review, Syed Raziuddin Biyabani, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Daniya Umer, Zehra Kazmi, Hussam Uddin Soomro, Rubab Mansoor

Section of Urology

Background: Renal and ureteric stones (RS) can form due to genetic, metabolic, environmental, and diet-hydration related factors. Studies have shown that patients with family history (FH) of RS have higher likelihood of recurrence.
Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study on 114 pedigrees to investigate the impact of FH on recurrence of RS and examine patterns of inheritance. Results: Family history of renal stone disease was found in 42% of all patients. There was a significant increase of stone recurrence in RS patients with a positive FH (p=0.001). Seventy-one percent of patients with recurrent stones had ...


Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, M Hammad Ather 2021 Aga Khan University

Non-Invasive Predictors Of Response To Tamsulosin For Benign Prostatic Obstruction, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, M Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objectives: To identify non-invasive predictors of response to tamsulosin 0.4 mg in patients with benign prostatic obstruction (BPO).
Methods: Males ≥ 50 years of age with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of BPO for over three months were included in the study. We assessed change in the mean International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximum flow rate (Qmax) after six weeks of medical therapy. Clinical and uroflowmetry parameters were compared between two groups of patients with >25% vs. <25% change in the IPSS after treatment. Pre- and post-treatment post-void residue (PVR), Qmax, and IPSS were compared by independent t-test, univariate/multivariate regression analysis.
Results: A total of 121 patients were included. At presentation, the mean prostate size was 35.7±12.2 grams and ...


Factors Influencing General Surgeons To Involve Urologists In Bladder Trauma Management, Joseph Schultz, Paul Chung, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Factors Influencing General Surgeons To Involve Urologists In Bladder Trauma Management, Joseph Schultz, Paul Chung, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Bladder trauma injuries, which are graded by severity, often require immediate care and surgical management by General Surgeons (GS) or Urologists. This study seeks to understand the inconsistencies that exist in collaboration between GS and Urologists in bladder trauma management. We hypothesize that the decision for GS to involve Urologists in bladder trauma management is a multifactorial decision with severity of bladder trauma being the primary determining factor as opposed to other factors like provider experience or hospital setting.

Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study surveyed GS to determine how likely they were to involve Urologists in bladder trauma management ...


Functional Constipation Induces Bladder Overactivity Associated With Upregulations Of Htr2 And Trpv2 Pathways., Nao Iguchi, Alonso Carrasco, Alison X. Xie, Ricardo H. Pineda, Anna P. Malykhina, Duncan T. Wilcox 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Functional Constipation Induces Bladder Overactivity Associated With Upregulations Of Htr2 And Trpv2 Pathways., Nao Iguchi, Alonso Carrasco, Alison X. Xie, Ricardo H. Pineda, Anna P. Malykhina, Duncan T. Wilcox

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Bladder and bowel dysfunction (BBD) is a common yet underdiagnosed paediatric entity that describes lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) accompanied by abnormal bowel patterns manifested as constipation and/or encopresis. LUTS usually manifest as urgency, urinary frequency, incontinence, and urinary tract infections (UTI). Despite increasing recognition of BBD as a risk factor for long-term urinary tract problems including recurrent UTI, vesicoureteral reflux, and renal scarring, the mechanisms underlying BBD have been unclear, and treatment remains empirical. We investigated how constipation affects the lower urinary tract function using a juvenile murine model of functional constipation. Following four days of functional constipation ...


Surgical Education And Training, Syed Ather Enam, Hammad Ather, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui 2021 Aga Khan University

Surgical Education And Training, Syed Ather Enam, Hammad Ather, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui

Section of Neurosurgery

No abstract provided.


Simulation Based Team Training In Surgery - A Review, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Qamar Riaz 2021 Aga Khan University

Simulation Based Team Training In Surgery - A Review, Syed Muhammad Nazim, Qamar Riaz

Section of Urology

The healthcare environment in surgery is complex, dynamic and often ambiguous. Besides subject knowledge and technical skills, other competencies, such as team work, communication skills and situation awareness, are required to ensure better patient-related outcome. Teams that demonstrate poor non-technical skills make more technical errors, often resulting in patient morbidity or mortality. Different hospital-based locations, such as operating rooms, intensive care units, emergency rooms and surgical wards, are the areas where poor team dynamics prevail. Simulation-based team training is a strategy to provide inter-professional training and experiential learning opportunities for surgeons, anaesthetists and allied health professionals. It helps them to ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Once-Daily Vibegron For Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Patients Aged ≥65 And ≥75 Years: Subpopulation Analysis From The Empowur Randomized, International, Phase Iii Study, Susann Varano, David Staskin, Jeffrey Frankel, Denise Shortino, Rachel Jankowich, Paul N. Mudd 2021 Sacred Heart University

Efficacy And Safety Of Once-Daily Vibegron For Treatment Of Overactive Bladder In Patients Aged ≥65 And ≥75 Years: Subpopulation Analysis From The Empowur Randomized, International, Phase Iii Study, Susann Varano, David Staskin, Jeffrey Frankel, Denise Shortino, Rachel Jankowich, Paul N. Mudd

Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Publications

Background

Overactive bladder (OAB) is common among older adults. The efficacy and safety of vibegron for the treatment of OAB were demonstrated in the international, phase III EMPOWUR trial. This subpopulation analysis from EMPOWUR assessed the efficacy and safety of vibegron in patients aged ≥ 65 and ≥ 75 years.

Methods

In EMPOWUR, patients with OAB were randomly assigned 5:5:4 to receive once-daily vibegron 75 mg, placebo, or tolterodine 4 mg extended release, respectively, once daily for 12 weeks. Coprimary efficacy endpoints were change from baseline at week 12 in average daily number of micturitions and urge urinary incontinence (UUI ...


Workplace Based Assessment: Tools To Assess Competencies In A Clinical Setting, Amber Shahmim Sultan, Rahila Ali, Sara Shakil, Rehan Nasir Khan 2021 Aga Khan University

Workplace Based Assessment: Tools To Assess Competencies In A Clinical Setting, Amber Shahmim Sultan, Rahila Ali, Sara Shakil, Rehan Nasir Khan

Department for Educational Development

The apprenticeship model has been used for long in surgical training. It initially provides opportunity to the trainee to observe the attending surgeon, followed by gradual introduction to surgical technique under direct supervision and later with detached supervision. The attending provides informal feedback at different intervals to the trainee. Several changes have been made in postgraduate programmes with a shift towards using workplace-based assessment tools for formative and summative evaluation of the trainee's clinical skills.


Internet Transparency Of Local Men’S Health Clinics In Nebraska, Jinfeng Jiang, Jordan Stegman, Christopher M. Deibert 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Medicine

Internet Transparency Of Local Men’S Health Clinics In Nebraska, Jinfeng Jiang, Jordan Stegman, Christopher M. Deibert

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

An overview of Men’s Health Clinics offering Testosterone Therapy in a Midwest State.

Introduction/ Background – Since 2001, there has been a 300% increase in the use of Testosterone therapy. However, there remains limited published data on the demographics of facilities and providers that advertise this service. This study aims to look at such demographics of advertised Men’s health clinics in Nebraska.

Methods/ Materials – An internet search was conducted with the phrases “Nebraska Male health clinics, Nebraska Low T/testosterone, Nebraska Hormone Replacement Therapy”. All clinics that were found offering Testosterone therapy with Men’s health in their mission ...


Intraoperative Icg-Nir Fluorescence Angiography Visualization Of Testicular Perfusion In Operations For Testicular Torsion, Colton D. Wayne, Mohammad A. Emran, Leon Smith-Harrison, P. Stephen Almond, Haroon I. Patel, Shannon Koehler 2020 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Intraoperative Icg-Nir Fluorescence Angiography Visualization Of Testicular Perfusion In Operations For Testicular Torsion, Colton D. Wayne, Mohammad A. Emran, Leon Smith-Harrison, P. Stephen Almond, Haroon I. Patel, Shannon Koehler

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Purpose: Indocyanine Green (ICG) near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence angiography is used in assessing testicular perfusion after reduction of testicular torsion to assess tissue viability.

Introduction: Determination of viability of a testicle after reduction of a testicular torsion has been performed by numerous methods including visual assessment, Doppler ultrasound, and cutting the testicular capsule. Each of these has limitations, are not always reproducible, and may involve damage to the testicle and confusion of capsular blood flow for internal perfusion. A possible alternative to these methods is the use of ICG-NIR fluorescence angiography. ICG was FDA-approved in 1959 and has been in use ...


The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli 2020 The University of Western Ontario

The Effect Of Mtor Inhibitor Rapamycin On A Dietary Drosophila Melanogaster Model Of Calcium Oxalate Nephrolithiasis, Michael T. Pignanelli

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Impaired cellular tolerance of reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been suggested as a common mechanistic link associated with aging in both metabolic syndrome and nephrolithiasis. The mechanistic (mammalian) target of rapamycin (mTOR) activity is characteristic of metabolic syndrome. When nutrients are abundant, mTOR is active. Conversely, fasting inhibits mTOR. Metabolic syndrome is correlated with an increased risk of self-reported or imaging findings of nephrolithiasis. At the individual level, patients with a higher BMI have an increased prevalence of recurrent symptomatic nephrolithiasis, 24-hour urinary excretion of oxalate, sodium, uric acid, calcium, and phosphorous as well as lower pH. Calcium oxalate crystals ...


Emerging Roles Of Urine-Derived Components For The Management Of Bladder Cancer: One Man’S Trash Is Another Man’S Treasure, Sarah Minkler, Fabrice Lucien, Michael J. Kimber, Agnes Bourgois-Mochel, Margaret Musser, Chad M. Johannes, Igor Frank, John Cheville, Karin Allenspach, Jonathan P. Mochel 2020 Iowa State University

Emerging Roles Of Urine-Derived Components For The Management Of Bladder Cancer: One Man’S Trash Is Another Man’S Treasure, Sarah Minkler, Fabrice Lucien, Michael J. Kimber, Agnes Bourgois-Mochel, Margaret Musser, Chad M. Johannes, Igor Frank, John Cheville, Karin Allenspach, Jonathan P. Mochel

Biomedical Sciences Publications

Urinary bladder cancer (UBC) is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract in humans, with an estimated global prevalence of 1.1 million cases over 5 years. Due to high rates of recurrence and resistance to chemotherapy, UBC is one of the most expensive cancers to treat, resulting in significant health care costs. There is, therefore, a critical need to develop innovative molecular and cellular tools to refine patient stratification and help predict response to treatment. Urine is an underused resource of biological components shed from bladder tumors, such as exfoliated cells and extracellular vesicles, that could serve as ...


Interobserver Reliability Of The Renal Nephrometry Scoring System: Experience From A Developing Nation, Kumail Khandwala, Dawar Khan, Zainab Hussain, Nida Sajjad, Muhammad Ismail Alvi 2020 Aga Khan University

Interobserver Reliability Of The Renal Nephrometry Scoring System: Experience From A Developing Nation, Kumail Khandwala, Dawar Khan, Zainab Hussain, Nida Sajjad, Muhammad Ismail Alvi

Department of Radiology

Introduction: The RENAL (radius, exophytic/endophytic properties, nearness of tumor to the collecting system or sinus in millimeters, anterior/posterior, location relative to polar lines) nephrometry score (RENAL-NS) has been described as a structured and quantifiable method to describe a renal tumor’s relevant anatomic features as they relate to the complexity of the lesion. We aim to evaluate a tumor’s RENAL-NS and to assess the reproducibility of the score among different observers.
Methods: This retrospective study included 49 patients diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who had complete computed tomography (CT) data, RENAL-NS, and histopathology results. All patients ...


The Correlation Between Stone Nephrolithometry Score And Hemoglobin Drop In Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Basit Salam, Hammad Ather 2020 Aga Khan University

The Correlation Between Stone Nephrolithometry Score And Hemoglobin Drop In Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhibullah Bangash, Basit Salam, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine the correlation between the STONE score [(S)ize of the stone, (T)opography or location, degree of (O)bstruction of the urinary system, (N)umber of stones, and (E)valuation of Hounsfield units] and postoperative hemoglobin drop in patients undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).
Methods: This was a prospective observational study and all adult patients aged 18-65 years undergoing unilateral, single-tract PCNL using 26 Ch. Amplatz sheath for renal calculi were included. The five variables of the STONE nephrolithometry score were calculated prior to the procedure. The stone-free rates were assessed on imaging ...


Relationship Of Spot Urine Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio And 24 Hours Urinary Oxalate Excretion In Patients With Urolithiasis, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Wajahat Aziz, Aysha Habib Khan 2020 Aga Khan University

Relationship Of Spot Urine Oxalate To Creatinine Ratio And 24 Hours Urinary Oxalate Excretion In Patients With Urolithiasis, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Lena Jafri, Hafsa Majid, Jamsheer Jehangir Talati, Wajahat Aziz, Aysha Habib Khan

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: The evaluation of 24 h urinary oxalate excretion is the gold standard for diagnosing hyperoxaluria in patients with recurrent urolithiasis. However, 24 h urine sample collection is cumbersome. Therefore we aim to see if oxalate to creatinine ratio in random urine sample can be used as an alternative.
Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Section of Chemical Pathology, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Aga Khan University Karachi from 1st February to December 31, 2019. A total of 62 adult patients, 18-60 years of age with history of kidney stones presenting to the clinical laboratory for ...


Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria: Pandora’S Box?, Mihnea Alexandru Găman, Iulia Ursuleac, Daniel Coriu 2020 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, FACULTY OF GENERAL MEDICINE, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria: Pandora’S Box?, Mihnea Alexandru Găman, Iulia Ursuleac, Daniel Coriu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an acquired non-malignant hematological disorder which affects the pluripotent hematopoietic stem cell. The cause of PNH development is the occurrence of somatic mutations in the phosphatidylinositol glycan-A gene which encodes a protein necessary for the biosynthesis of glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchors. The diagnosis of PNH requires the presence of signs of intravascular hemolysis, thrombosis, and (or) bone marrow failure. Case Report. We report the case of a 42-year-old female, diagnosed with PNH at the age of 27, whose evolution was initially characterized predominantly by hemolytic attacks and whose disease pattern evolved towards thromboembolic episodes with the ...


Urdu Translation And Validation Of Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (Pedt), Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Mohammad Shoaib, Hammad Ather 2020 Aga Khan University

Urdu Translation And Validation Of Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool (Pedt), Muhibullah Bangash, Wajahat Aziz, Mohammad Shoaib, Hammad Ather

Section of Urology

Objective: To validate an Urdu translation of premature ejaculation diagnostic tool (PEDT) by analyzing the association of this diagnostic tool with the clinical diagnosis of premature ejaculation (PE) and intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT).
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the urology section of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, for six months duration, from July 2018 to December 2018. In our study 108 subjects, aged 20 to 50 years, who were in a stable sexual relationship (heterosexual) for a minimum duration of six months, were asked to fill the Urdu version of PEDT, 61 with PE and 47 ...


Ureteroscopic Biopsy Of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Role Of Urinary Biomarkers, Katherine E Smentkowski, Demetrius H. Bagley, Scott G. Hubosky 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Ureteroscopic Biopsy Of Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma And Role Of Urinary Biomarkers, Katherine E Smentkowski, Demetrius H. Bagley, Scott G. Hubosky

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

Ureteroscopic biopsy is an integral part of diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract. It can be a technical challenge, but diagnostic rates have improved remarkably with refinements in surgical technique and specimen processing. Cytology aids with diagnosis and other urinary biomarkers continue to evolve, which may help further stratify patients for treatment. The current literature on the ureteroscopic biopsy and role of urinary biomarkers is reviewed and summarized below.


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