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Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht 2021 University of San Diego

Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Advanced Care Planning (ACP) is an essential part of providing adequate care in the primary care setting. Discussing end of life with patients can be a tedious and uncomfortable conversation for many providers, however, its continued avoidance contributes to the stigma of end of life care and may also result in significant healthcare cost expenditure with the use of unwanted invasive treatments. All providers should engage in consistent advanced care planning in order to improve patient and provider communication, improve patient satisfaction, increase advanced directives on file, reduce the stigma of the topic, and improve quality of life.


Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle McVeigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz 2021 University of Kentucky

Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle Mcveigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz

Statistics Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular complications became a notable cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with lupus as therapeutic advancements became more efficient at managing other complications. The Appalachian community in Kentucky has a higher prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, predisposing them to cardiovascular events. Namely, the mean body mass index of the members of the Kentucky Appalachian community was reported at 33 kg/m2 and 94.3% of male members of this community use tobacco. We sought to identify risk factors that predispose patients with lupus to cardiovascular morbidities and examine the effect of immunomodulatory drugs.

METHODS: We identified ...


Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze 2021 Grand Strand Medical Center

Guillain-Barré Syndrome In A Patient With Sickle Cell Anemia, Kunjan Udani, Pooja Patel, Dveet Patel, Hajra Awwab, Nino Balanchivadze

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

A 24-year-old African American male with a history of sickle cell anemia (Hb S/S) presented to an outside hospital with acute colitis, acute renal failure and sickle cell crisis and was treated with supportive measures. On day 3 of hospitalization, he developed bilateral ascending paralysis with sacral numbness. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated epidural lipomatosis, which was attributed as the cause of his paralysis. He was transferred to our facility for neurosurgery evaluation. Based on the physical examination, Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) was suspected. This conclusion lead to a lumbar puncture with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis that confirmed the diagnosis ...


Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Adrenal Insufficiency Following Intraarticular Steroid Injections, Julia Hitchcock, Ankur Gupta

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

A 59-year-old woman presented with fatigue and 50 pounds weight gain in the last two years.She has been receiving triamcinolone steroid injections in both knees every three months for the last two years.She has also been receiving triamcinolone injections in ankles sporadically during this time period. Laboratory evaluation showed undetectable serum cortisol and inappropriately normal serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The patient underwent cosyntropinstimulation test confirming secondary adrenal insufficiency (Table 1).Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a normal pituitary gland with no tumors.She was started on hydrocortisone 10mg twice daily with improvement in fatigue.The patient was recommended ...


Streptococcus Anginosus Lung Infection And Empyema: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Nishita Tripathi, Kuldeep Ghosh, Anupama Raghuram 2021 University of Louisville

Streptococcus Anginosus Lung Infection And Empyema: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature, Nishita Tripathi, Kuldeep Ghosh, Anupama Raghuram

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Streptococcus milleri group (SMG) also referred to as the Streptococcus anginosus group. These are Gram-positive, variable hemolysis, catalase negative, microaerophilic, non-motile facultative anaerobes which have been known to cause abscesses in humans. We report a case of empyema caused by Streptococcus anginosus in a patient with an unresolved pneumonia for over a month. In early October 2018, the patient presented to an emergency room with the complaints of shortness of air, productive cough, chills, subjective fever and weight loss for 4 weeks. A chest X-ray revealed a left lower lobe pneumonia. He was treated with 250 mg of azithromycin for ...


An Ensemble Of The Icluster Method To Analyze Longitudinal Lncrna Expression Data For Psoriasis Patients, Suyan Tian, Chi Wang 2021 The First Hospital of Jilin University, China

An Ensemble Of The Icluster Method To Analyze Longitudinal Lncrna Expression Data For Psoriasis Patients, Suyan Tian, Chi Wang

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an immune-mediated, inflammatory disorder of the skin with chronic inflammation and hyper-proliferation of the epidermis. Since psoriasis has genetic components and the diseased tissue of psoriasis is very easily accessible, it is natural to use high-throughput technologies to characterize psoriasis and thus seek targeted therapies. Transcriptional profiles change correspondingly after an intervention. Unlike cross-sectional gene expression data, longitudinal gene expression data can capture the dynamic changes and thus facilitate causal inference.

METHODS: Using the iCluster method as a building block, an ensemble method was proposed and applied to a longitudinal gene expression dataset for psoriasis, with the ...


Heart-Healthy Integrative Nutritional Counseling Group Education Sessions Among Chinese Americans With Cardiovascular Risk Factors Or Disease: A Primary Care Quality Improvement Pilot, Jasmin Woo, Evelyn Y. Ho, Jane Jih 2021 University of California, San Francisco

Heart-Healthy Integrative Nutritional Counseling Group Education Sessions Among Chinese Americans With Cardiovascular Risk Factors Or Disease: A Primary Care Quality Improvement Pilot, Jasmin Woo, Evelyn Y. Ho, Jane Jih

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: Current biomedical cardiovascular disease nutrition counseling does not incorporate Chinese medicine principles.

Methods: A heart-healthy integrative nutritional counseling (H2INC) curriculum consistent with Chinese medicine principles and biomedical nutrition guidelines was taught to Chinese Americans in group education sessions. Chinese-speaking patients with cardiovascular disease or risk factors from an urban general medicine practice were recruited to attend a 90-minute group session. Participants completed pre-post surveys to assess the impact of H2INC on their perceived heart-healthy nutrition knowledge and empowerment, as well as the cultural relevance of H2INC.

Results: A total of 47 participants (mean age: 74 years; 63.8% female ...


Biochemical And Echocardiographic Markers For The Early Detection Of Cardiotoxicity Under Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy, Ionela-Emilia Popovici, Angela Cozma, Olga Hilda Orasan, George Ciulei, Ana Maria Poenar, Cristina Buchman, Simina Tarmure, Sorina Secara, Adela Sitar-Taut, Teodora Alexescu, Andrada Lazar, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc 2021 DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, IULIU HAŢIEGANU UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA

Biochemical And Echocardiographic Markers For The Early Detection Of Cardiotoxicity Under Monoclonal Antibodies Therapy, Ionela-Emilia Popovici, Angela Cozma, Olga Hilda Orasan, George Ciulei, Ana Maria Poenar, Cristina Buchman, Simina Tarmure, Sorina Secara, Adela Sitar-Taut, Teodora Alexescu, Andrada Lazar, Vasile Negrean, Lucia Maria Procopciuc

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The progress made over the past years in the field of cancer therapy has led to a significant decrease in cancer mortality, but these therapies have many adverse effects, cardiovascular effects being among the most frequent ones. For increasing lifelong expectancy of surviving cancer patients, cardiac monitoring represents an important task. Current studies and practice recommend echocardiography using strain analysis for monitoring the cardio toxic effects of cancer therapy. The potential of combining imaging techniques with biomarkers for the early detection and diagnosis seems a promising path for future research.


Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage 2021 University of Kentucky

Association Between Obesity And Histological Tumor Budding In Patients With Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer, Tong Gan, Kurt B. Schaberg, Daheng He, Akila Mansour, Harit Kapoor, Chi Wang, B. Mark Evers, Therese J. Bocklage

Surgery Faculty Publications

Importance: Obesity is associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) and a more aggressive disease course. Tumor budding (TB) is an important prognostic factor for CRC, but its association with obesity is unknown.

Objective: To evaluate the association of TB with obesity and other prognostic factors in colon cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study involved a histological review of colon cancer specimens obtained during 7 years (January 2008 to December 2015) at the University of Kentucky Medical Center; data analysis was conducted from February 2020 to January 2021. Specimens came from 200 patients with stage I to ...


Intimate Partner Violence Is A Barrier To Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among Hiv - Positive Women: Evidence From Government Facilities In Kenya, Bornice C. Biomndo, Alexander Bergmann, Nils Lahmann, Lukoye Atwoli 2021 Charite-Universitätsmedizin Berlin,Germany

Intimate Partner Violence Is A Barrier To Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among Hiv - Positive Women: Evidence From Government Facilities In Kenya, Bornice C. Biomndo, Alexander Bergmann, Nils Lahmann, Lukoye Atwoli

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is linked to low engagement with HIV management services and adverse clinical outcomes, including poor ART adherence. In sub-Saharan Africa, studies on pregnant/postpartum women and transactional sex workers have produced divergent evidence regarding IPV’s association with poor ART adherence. We investigate this association among a broad group of women.

Methods: We sampled 408 HIV-positive women receiving free ART from different types of HIV clinics at government health facilities, assessing for IPV exposure by a current partner, ART adherence rate, and other factors that affect ART adherence (e.g. education, disclosure). ART adherence rates ...


Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber 2021 University of Kentucky

Novel Fusion Ktn1-Prkd1 In Cribriform Adenocarcinoma Of Salivary Glands Located In The Parotid Gland: Case Report Including Cytologic Findings, Treeva K. Jassim, T. Sheng, Shulin Zhang, Sainan Wei, Susanne M. Arnold, Alexandra E. Kejner, Therese J. Bocklage, Julie C. Dueber

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Background
Cribriform adenocarcinoma of salivary glands (CASG) is a rare, predominantly minor salivary gland tumor first described in 1999. Because the tumor shares morphologic and molecular features with polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PAC), in 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) included CASG within the spectrum of PAC. Almost 75% of CASG harbor molecular alterations in the PRKD (Protein kinase D) gene family, and some cases show ARID1A (AT-rich interaction domain 1A)-PRKD1 or DDX3X (DEAD-Box Helicase 3 X-Linked)-PRKD1 fusions.

Case presentation
A 39-year-old man presented with headache and painless right cheek mass of two years duration. Imaging showed a well-circumscribed, lobulated ...


Sudden Cardiac Death: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis And Management, Akshay Kumar, Dor Mordehay Avishay, Calvin Richard Jones, Juber Dastagir Shaikh, Roopvir Kaur, Michael Aljadah, Asim Kichloo, Nimisha Shiwalkar, Suresh Keshavamurthy 2021 University of Pittsburgh

Sudden Cardiac Death: Epidemiology, Pathogenesis And Management, Akshay Kumar, Dor Mordehay Avishay, Calvin Richard Jones, Juber Dastagir Shaikh, Roopvir Kaur, Michael Aljadah, Asim Kichloo, Nimisha Shiwalkar, Suresh Keshavamurthy

Surgery Faculty Publications

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is an unexpected sudden death due to a heart condition, that occurs within one hour of symptoms onset. SCD is a leading cause of death in western countries, and is responsible for the majority of deaths from cardiovascular disease. Moreover, SCD accounts for mortality in approximately half of all coronary heart disease patients. Nevertheless, the recent advancements made in screening, prevention, treatment, and management of the underlying causes has decreased this number. In this article, we sought to review established and new modes of screening patients at risk for SCD, treatment and prevention of SCD, and ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Vancomycin Loading Doses In Critically Ill Patients With Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Alexander H. Flannery, Katie L. Wallace, Christian N. Rhudy, Allison S. Olmsted, Rachel C. Minrath, Stuart M. Pope, Aaron M. Cook, David S. Burgess, Peter E. Morris 2021 University of Kentucky

Efficacy And Safety Of Vancomycin Loading Doses In Critically Ill Patients With Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Infection, Alexander H. Flannery, Katie L. Wallace, Christian N. Rhudy, Allison S. Olmsted, Rachel C. Minrath, Stuart M. Pope, Aaron M. Cook, David S. Burgess, Peter E. Morris

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

Background: While vancomycin loading doses may facilitate earlier pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic target attainment, the impact of loading doses on clinical outcomes remains understudied. Critically ill patients are at highest risk of morbidity and mortality from methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection and hypothesized to most likely benefit from a loading dose. We sought to determine the association between receipt of a vancomycin loading dose and clinical outcomes in a cohort of critically ill adults.

Methods: Four hundred and forty-nine critically ill patients with MRSA cultures isolated from blood or respiratory specimens were eligible for the study. Cohorts were established by receipt ...


Prevalence And Characteristics Of Self-Reported Hypothyroidism And Its Association With Nonorgan-Specific Manifestations In Us Sarcoidosis Patients: A Nationwide Registry Study, Bashar N. Alzghoul, Farah N. Amer, Diana Barb, Ayoub Innabi, Mamoun T. Mardini, Chen Bai, Bara Alzghoul, Tamara Al-Hakim, Noopur Singh, Mindy Buchanan, Leslie Serchuck, Diana Gomez Manjarres, Whitney W. Woodmansee, Lisa A. Maier, Divya C. Patel 2021 University of Florida

Prevalence And Characteristics Of Self-Reported Hypothyroidism And Its Association With Nonorgan-Specific Manifestations In Us Sarcoidosis Patients: A Nationwide Registry Study, Bashar N. Alzghoul, Farah N. Amer, Diana Barb, Ayoub Innabi, Mamoun T. Mardini, Chen Bai, Bara Alzghoul, Tamara Al-Hakim, Noopur Singh, Mindy Buchanan, Leslie Serchuck, Diana Gomez Manjarres, Whitney W. Woodmansee, Lisa A. Maier, Divya C. Patel

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Little is known about the prevalence, clinical characteristics and impact of hypothyroidism in patients with sarcoidosis. We aimed to determine the prevalence and clinical features of hypothyroidism and its relation to organ involvement and other clinical manifestations in patients with sarcoidosis.

We conducted a national registry-based study investigating 3835 respondents to the Sarcoidosis Advanced Registry for Cures Questionnaire between June 2014 and August 2019. This registry is based on a self-reported, web-based questionnaire that provides data related to demographics, diagnostics, sarcoidosis manifestations and treatment. We compared sarcoidosis patients with and without self-reported hypothyroidism. We used multivariable logistic regression and adjusted ...


Hepatic Candidiasis In An Immunocompetent Patient: A Diagnostic Challenge, Zorays Moazzam, Amman Yousaf, Zahid Iqbal, Ahmad Tayyab, Muhammad Hashim Hayat 2021 Aga Khan University

Hepatic Candidiasis In An Immunocompetent Patient: A Diagnostic Challenge, Zorays Moazzam, Amman Yousaf, Zahid Iqbal, Ahmad Tayyab, Muhammad Hashim Hayat

Medical College Documents

Hepatic candidiasis is a manifestation of disseminated candidiasis, which typically presents in immunocompromised patients. Focal hepatic candidiasis in immunocompetent patients, however, is infrequent/extremely rare. We present the case of an immunocompetent female patient who presented with respiratory distress and right-sided pleural effusion. The pleural fluid tap did not grow anything, and a contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a right liver lobe subcapsular collection. CT-guided aspiration and culture resulted in Candida albicans growth. The patient responded to oral fluconazole, and a follow-up CT scan demonstrated resolution of the collection. Although hepatic candidiasis rarely occurs in immunocompetent patients, it should ...


Challenges In Medicine: The Odyssey Of A Patient With Isolated Igg4-Related Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis Presenting As A Locally Destructive Sinonasal Mass, Snigdha Nutalapati, Richard O'Neal, William O'Connor, Brett T. Comer, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt 2021 University of Kentucky

Challenges In Medicine: The Odyssey Of A Patient With Isolated Igg4-Related Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis Presenting As A Locally Destructive Sinonasal Mass, Snigdha Nutalapati, Richard O'Neal, William O'Connor, Brett T. Comer, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt

Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery Faculty Publications

Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is an exceeding rare clinical entity and is considered a part of the spectrum of IgG4-related disease (IgG4RD). We hereby present such an unusual case of a 60-year-old female who presented to us with recurrent sinonasal mass, after a decade long haul of multiple clinical evaluations, biopsies, and debulking surgery without a definitive diagnosis. Over this period, the mass eroded through the ethmoid cells along with nasal septal destruction leading to saddle nose deformity, extended superiorly through the cribriform plates to right frontal lobe, and compressed the optic nerve leading to visual loss. Although initial biopsy ...


Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. McKay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold 2021 World Health Organization

Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis Identifies Pleiotropic Risk Loci For Aerodigestive Squamous Cell Cancers, Corina Lesseur, Aida Ferreiro-Iglesias, James D. Mckay, Yohan Bossé, Mattias Johansson, Valerie Gaborieau, Maria Teresa Landi, David C. Christiani, Neil C. Caporaso, Stig E. Bojesen, Christopher I. Amos, Sanjay Shete, Geoffrey Liu, Gadi Rennert, Demetrius Albanes, Melinda C. Aldrich, Adonina Tardon, Chu Chen, Liloglou Triantafillos, John K. Field, Susanne Arnold

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC) of the aerodigestive tract have similar etiological risk factors. Although genetic risk variants for individual cancers have been identified, an agnostic, genome-wide search for shared genetic susceptibility has not been performed. To identify novel and pleotropic SqCC risk variants, we performed a meta-analysis of GWAS data on lung SqCC (LuSqCC), oro/pharyngeal SqCC (OSqCC), laryngeal SqCC (LaSqCC) and esophageal SqCC (ESqCC) cancers, totaling 13,887 cases and 61,961 controls of European ancestry. We identified one novel genome-wide significant (Pmeta< 5x10-8) aerodigestive SqCC susceptibility loci in the 2q33.1 region (rs56321285, TMEM273). Additionally, three previously ...


Radiopharmaceutical Validation For Clinical Use, Charles A. Kunos, Rodney Howells, Aman Chauhan, Zin W. Myint, Mark E. Bernard, Riham H. El Khouli, Jacek Capala 2021 National Cancer Institute

Radiopharmaceutical Validation For Clinical Use, Charles A. Kunos, Rodney Howells, Aman Chauhan, Zin W. Myint, Mark E. Bernard, Riham H. El Khouli, Jacek Capala

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Radiopharmaceuticals are reemerging as attractive anticancer agents, but there are no universally adopted guidelines or standardized procedures for evaluating agent validity before early-phase trial implementation. To validate a radiopharmaceutical, it is desirous for the radiopharmaceutical to be specific, selective, and deliverable against tumors of a given, molecularly defined cancer for which it is intended to treat. In this article, we discuss four levels of evidence—target antigen immunohistochemistry, in vitro and in vivo preclinical experiments, animal biodistribution and dosimetry studies, and first-in-human microdose biodistribution studies—that might be used to justify oncology therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals in a drug-development sequence involving early-phase ...


Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi 2021 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Methamphetamine Associated Cardiomyopathy In Pregnancy: The Distinctions And The Implications, Ashan Hatharasinghe, Hossein Akhondi

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy (MAC) and peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are both rare obstetric conditions. Literature regarding methamphetamine associated cardiomyopathy in the obstetric population is limited, and it can be difficult to make the distinction between the two given the similarities in clinical presentation. However similar, there are significant distinctions in the pathophysiology of these two that can help clinicians with the management process.

Clinical Findings and Outcomes

This case involves a 35-year-old Hispanic G6P5005 at 37 weeks gestation presenting with acute respiratory failure secondary to acute decompensated heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and superimposed preeclampsia leading to urgent cesarean ...


Real World Clinicopathologic Observations Of Patients With Metastatic Solid Tumors Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy: Analysis From Kentucky Cancer Registry, Aasems Jacob, Jianrong Wu, Jill M. Kolesar, Eric B. Durbin, Aju Mathew, Susanne Arnold, Aman Chauhan 2021 University of Kentucky

Real World Clinicopathologic Observations Of Patients With Metastatic Solid Tumors Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy: Analysis From Kentucky Cancer Registry, Aasems Jacob, Jianrong Wu, Jill M. Kolesar, Eric B. Durbin, Aju Mathew, Susanne Arnold, Aman Chauhan

Biostatistics Faculty Publications

The state of Kentucky has the highest cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. High‐risk populations such as this are often underrepresented in clinical trials. The study aims to do a comprehensive analysis of molecular landscape of metastatic cancers among these patients with detailed evaluation of factors affecting response and outcomes to immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy. We performed a retrospective analysis of metastatic solid tumor patients who received ICI and underwent molecular profiling at our institution.

Sixty nine patients with metastatic solid tumors who received ICI were included in the study. Prevalence of smoking and secondhand tobacco ...


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