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Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine 2022 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) is a rare manifestation of thyrotoxicosis, resulting in periodic episodes of acute onset muscle weakness in the setting of hypokalemia. The thyrotoxic form of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP) is less studied than the more well-known familial form due to fewer reported cases and smaller prevalence. This case study presents a 30-year-old African American male with multiple episodes of acute lower extremity muscle weakness, tachycardia, and a history of heat intolerance. Abnormal findings on thyroid ultrasound coupled with increased thyroid related immunoglobulins led to a diagnosis of TPP related to exacerbation of newly-found Graves’ disease. The case ...


Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann 2022 University of Louisville

Treating Cytokine Storm In Patients With Covid-19, Ahmed Abdelhaleem, Deekshitha Turaka, Shameera Shaik Masthan, Steven B Lippmann

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection In A Young Male: A Case Report, Irene Tchuente M.D. 2022 Piedmont Macon

Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection In A Young Male: A Case Report, Irene Tchuente M.D.

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of death worldwide. In recent years, there has been an increased focus on Coronary Artery Dissection due to the increasing number of young individuals without any cardiovascular risk factors presenting with chest pain. Many of these patients would also have elevated troponins and sometimes electrocardiogram changes suggestive of myocardial infarction. Many reported cases have been in women and only a handful of cases have been reported in men. Although some potential risk factors have been identified, more data is needed to support these hypotheses. Coronary Artery Dissection (CAD) mimics Acute Coronary Syndrome ...


Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali 2022 Arnot Ogden Medical Center

Management Of Right Sided Carcinoid Heart Failure, Ganesh Arun, Ismat Cheema, Lorrie Pennfield, Mohammed Raza, Erik Raborn, Ami Patel, Farhan Ali

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Carcinoid heart disease is a rare complication of an already rare disease. This issue is theorized to be secondary to released proinflammatory molecules that deposit on the surfaces of heart valves. These molecules are released from the carcinoid tumor itself and manifest symptoms based on liver, lung and brain function. The detection of 5-HIAA, a breakdown source of serotonin, is useful for diagnosis. These deposits occur most commonly on the endocardium of valvular cusps and cardiac chambers. This case presents a 48 year old woman with echo findings of right heart failure in the setting of a carcinoid tumor. It ...


Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore PharmD, Matthew Song PharmD, BCIDP, Brian C. Bohn PharmD, BCIDP, Ashley M. Wilde 2022 Infirmary Health

Antimicrobial Stewardship Meets Transitions Of Care: Defining Length Of Therapy For Community-Acquired Pneumonia (Cap), Christopher Whitman, Sarah E. Moore Pharmd, Matthew Song Pharmd, Bcidp, Brian C. Bohn Pharmd, Bcidp, Ashley M. Wilde

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Introduction: Hospital-based antimicrobial stewardship efforts have traditionally focused on inpatient settings. Antibiotic prescribing at discharge is often an overlooked area of focus for antimicrobial stewardship programs. Discharge prescribing optimization is necessary to combat antibiotic overuse.

Methods: This was an observational, retrospective cohort study at a four–adult community hospital system. Four hundred adult patients admitted with community-acquired pneumonia and discharged with antibiotics were included. The primary outcome was overall (inpatient and discharge) antibiotic length of therapy. The secondary outcome was percentage of patients discharged on a fluoroquinolone who had not received one in the hospital. Descriptive statistics were utilized.

Results ...


Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho 2022 Orlando VA

Covid-19 Case Complicated With Organizing Pneumonia And Pneumothorax: Correspondence, Hammad A. Bhatti, Minh Q. Ho

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray 2022 University of Cincinnati

A Sailor’S Disease Presenting In Urban America With Red Spots On The Legs, John A. Buchan, Bruce H. Gray

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Sailors were often affected by nutritional deficiencies due to the absence of fresh foods on long voyages. One example is the development of scurvy from a lack of vitamin C ingestion. In modern society in which fresh food are available this disease is infrequently recognized. The following case describes a 62-year-old male who presented with “red spots” on his legs and a large area of ecchymosis on his thigh. After initial testing failed to elicit a cause, a dietary history revealed that the patient had a peculiar diet of only ice cream with a total avoidance of fruits and vegetables ...


The Outcome Of A Multidimensional Intervention Strategy For The Management Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder In An Internal Medicine Setting, Nicholas Davidson 2022 Valparaiso University

The Outcome Of A Multidimensional Intervention Strategy For The Management Of Generalized Anxiety Disorder In An Internal Medicine Setting, Nicholas Davidson

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Anxiety disorders are very prevalent in the United States. The most common type, Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), affects 6.8 million adults every year. GAD can cause significant deficits in a person’s ability to function, decrease their quality of life and increases a person’s risk of attempting suicide. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to improve the outcomes of adults diagnosed with GAD in an internal medicine setting by implementing a protocol composed of a combination of interventions. A thorough literature search was conducted to find the best available evidence to support the project. A ...


Diet, Exercise, Self-Monitoring, Technology, And Motivational Interviewing For Weight Loss In Adults, Ashleigh D. Warburton 2022 Valparaiso University

Diet, Exercise, Self-Monitoring, Technology, And Motivational Interviewing For Weight Loss In Adults, Ashleigh D. Warburton

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Obesity, an epidemic in the United States (US), affected 42.4% of adults as of 2017-2018 (Hales, 2020). Comorbidities associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes (Orringer et al., 2020), are some of the leading causes of death in the US (Kochanek et al., 2020). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to answer the following PICOT question: In adult patients aged 19 years or older who are considered overweight or obese as measured by body mass index (BMI) of ≥ 25 kg/m2 (P), how effective is diet and exercise combined with self-monitoring, a phone ...


The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio 2022 Valparaiso University

The Efficacy Of Tailored Text Messages To Improve Medication Adherence And Lifestyle Changes For Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Vanessa B. Silverio

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease characterized by increased amounts of glucose in the blood, and is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (United Health Foundation [UHF]), 2021). T2DM can be effectively treated with medication and behavioral lifestyle modifications. Even small improvements in glycemic control can reduce the risk for debilitating complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, sepsis, and retinopathy (Wang et al., 2021, Haider et al., 2019). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to identify the most effective intervention for improving medication adherence, lifestyle changes, and hemoglobin ...


A Fatal Case Of Covid-19 Pneumonia In A Fully Vaccinated Heart Transplant Recipient, Agastya D. Belur, Diana Otero, Christina Dunbar Matos 2022 University of Louisville

A Fatal Case Of Covid-19 Pneumonia In A Fully Vaccinated Heart Transplant Recipient, Agastya D. Belur, Diana Otero, Christina Dunbar Matos

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

The development and administration of mRNA vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 are seeing lower numbers of COVID-19 cases and fatalities among fully vaccinated, immunocompetent adults. We present a case of fatal COVID-19 pneumonia in a heart transplant recipient who had received two doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine before the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention had recommended additional doses.


Covid-19, Vaccination, And Heart Transplantation, Forest W. Arnold 2022 University of Louisville

Covid-19, Vaccination, And Heart Transplantation, Forest W. Arnold

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

No abstract provided.


Improving Osteoporosis Screening Rates Of Women In A Primary Care Setting, Kristine E. Davis 2022 Valparaiso University

Improving Osteoporosis Screening Rates Of Women In A Primary Care Setting, Kristine E. Davis

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Osteoporosis is caused by caused by low bone mass, microarchitecture disruption and increase in skeletal fragility (Rosen & Drezner, 2021). This disease presents as a silent disease without any clinical manifestations and increases risk for bone fracture. The purpose of this Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) project was to increase screening rates for osteoporosis in the female population by mailing a patient reminder letter to the home of qualifying patients in the primary care setting and to determine if mailing a patient reminder letter would increase screening rates. The Johns Hopkins Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses and Healthcare professionals (JHEBP) model was used as ...


Walking Is Worthy: Walking For Hypertension, Ashleigh Y. Peterson 2022 Valparaiso University

Walking Is Worthy: Walking For Hypertension, Ashleigh Y. Peterson

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Elevated blood pressure (BP), or hypertension (HTN), can cause a cascade of detrimental effects to the body. It is associated with increased risk of stroke, angina, myocardial infarction, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, end-stage renal disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysms (Whelton et al., 2018). HTN is also a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the United States’ (U.S.) leading cause of death in men and women (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [USPSTF], 2020). The PICOT question for this project was: does an eight-week (T) structured walking program utilizing a smartwatch for step ...


Back To The Basics With Smart Goals: A Multimodal Intervention For Adults Who Have Type 2 Diabetes, Alyssa L. Snyder 2022 Valparaiso University

Back To The Basics With Smart Goals: A Multimodal Intervention For Adults Who Have Type 2 Diabetes, Alyssa L. Snyder

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Diabetes, the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2020a) and the ninth leading cause of death worldwide (World Health Organization [WHO], 2020), has increased by 70% over the last two decades (WHO, 2020). Type 2 diabetes (T2D), the most prevalent type accounting for 90% to 95% of diagnosed cases (CDC, 2020a), affects individuals of all ages and often results in major health problems including stroke, heart attack, and kidney disease. The purpose of this patient-centered, evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal intervention on hemoglobin ...


Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Associated Enteropathy- Brief Report, Falgun Gosai, Neha Gosai 2022 Adult Hospitalist, SFMC Peoria, Illinois

Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Associated Enteropathy- Brief Report, Falgun Gosai, Neha Gosai

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

The current literature has shown equivocal results regarding the association of Olmesartan and other angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) use and the presence of Celiac sprue-like enteropathy (CSLE). Various factors affecting the association are- patient population under study, geographic area, and duration of use of medication. Various case reports/ case series and observational studies have shown the mixed results regarding an association. We have tried to answer a question what exists in the literature regarding the angiotensin receptor blockers related sprue like enteropathy.


The Racial Divide: A Follow Up Study On Racial Disparity Amongst Covid-19 Survivors In An Urban Community, Christopher Millet, Emily Racoosin, Spandana Narvaneni, George Horani, Sherif Roman, Alisa Farokhian, Arslan Chaudhry, Sohail Chaudhry, Yezin Shamoon, Humberto Jimenez, Patrick Michael, Jin Suh 2022 Internal Medicine Department, St. Joseph’s University Medical Center, Paterson, NJ, USA.

The Racial Divide: A Follow Up Study On Racial Disparity Amongst Covid-19 Survivors In An Urban Community, Christopher Millet, Emily Racoosin, Spandana Narvaneni, George Horani, Sherif Roman, Alisa Farokhian, Arslan Chaudhry, Sohail Chaudhry, Yezin Shamoon, Humberto Jimenez, Patrick Michael, Jin Suh

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background Studies have shown that COVID-19 has had a disproportionate effect on minority groups in both the clinical and social settings in America. We conducted a follow up study on patients previously diagnosed with COVID-19 one year ago in an urban community in New Jersey. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of COVID-19 as well as assess for receptiveness towards COVID-19 vaccination amongst various ethnic groups.

Methods This was a prospective cohort study consisting of patients who had recovered from COVID-19 one year prior. The patients included in the study had a confirmed COVID-19 diagnosis ...


Neurosyphilis: A Monkey Among Men, Cameron Rowe DO, Nathan Buckley DO, Bhaskar Chhetri MD, Suresh Paudel MD 2022 Cape Fear Valley Medical Center

Neurosyphilis: A Monkey Among Men, Cameron Rowe Do, Nathan Buckley Do, Bhaskar Chhetri Md, Suresh Paudel Md

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Neurosyphilis is the progression of the untreated sexually transmitted infection caused by Treponema pallidum. When the initial infection is not adequately treated, progression of primary syphilis can lead to a wide variety of serious health sequelae. While neurosyphilis can appear up to 10-30 years after the initial infection, syphilis can invade the nervous system at any stage of infection and can imitate symptoms of many other diseases. This variety of symptoms is why syphilis has been called “The Great Pretender” or “The monkey among diseases” (12). This is a case report of an 83-year-old female with a history of multiple ...


Development Of A Community Hospital Medicine Affiliated Inpatient Rotation For Family Medicine Residents - A Collaborative Success, David M. Gallagher, Anthony J. Viera, William E. Bynum, Poonam Sharma, John W. Ragsdale, Jeffrey Eschbach, Lalit Verma 2022 Hospital Medicine Programs, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA

Development Of A Community Hospital Medicine Affiliated Inpatient Rotation For Family Medicine Residents - A Collaborative Success, David M. Gallagher, Anthony J. Viera, William E. Bynum, Poonam Sharma, John W. Ragsdale, Jeffrey Eschbach, Lalit Verma

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background: Hospitalists perform key roles as inpatient educators for family medicine residents. For the past decade, Duke University Family Medicine Residency Program had its inpatient family medicine resident rotation at non-Duke facilities.

Objective: The authors describe the steps taken in 2020 to develop an inpatient Duke family medicine rotation at a North Carolina community hospital, Duke Regional Hospital, and provide outcomes data.

Methods: Duke Family Medicine Residency and Duke Regional Hospital Medicine collaborated in addressing key issues to develop an inpatient rotation for family medicine residents. Performance metrics of patients cared for by both the family medicine inpatient resident team ...


Effective Therapies And Nursing Approaches: Improving Cognition In Older Adult Stroke Patients, Selyna Baltazar 2022 Dominican University of California

Effective Therapies And Nursing Approaches: Improving Cognition In Older Adult Stroke Patients, Selyna Baltazar

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

Ischemic stroke occurs in thousands of older adults throughout the year. Due to the lack of oxygen entering the brain, many patients experience a decline in cognitive function due to ischemic stroke. Cognition is the ability to understand, learn, and remember information which is needed for completing daily tasks. Modern technology has allowed for patients to survive ischemic strokes but has yet to provide proper screening tools and methods for stroke-related cognitive impairment.

Objective

To investigate the best practices for identifying, treating, and caring for patients with a cognitive injury related to a stroke. A review of the research ...


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