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Prevalence Of Tp-53/Rb-1 Co-Mutation In Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Hoda Saghaeiannejad Esfahani, Cory M. Vela, Aman Chauhan 2021 University of Kentucky

Prevalence Of Tp-53/Rb-1 Co-Mutation In Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, Hoda Saghaeiannejad Esfahani, Cory M. Vela, Aman Chauhan

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) is a rare and highly aggressive high-grade neuroendocrine neoplasm, which can arise from anywhere in the body. Due to its rarity there is a lacuna in our understanding of LCNEC’s molecular biology. In 2016, Rekhtman and colleagues presented one of the largest molecular sequencing series of pulmonary LCNEC. They differentiated genomic profiles of LCNEC into two major subsets: small cell lung cancer (SCLC)-like, characterized by TP53 + RB1 co-mutation/loss, and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)-like, characterized by the lack of co-altered TP53 + RB1. This finding is of significance because at present ...


Luspatercept Diminishes The Need For Red Blood Cell Replacement In Transfusion-Dependent Β-Thalassemia Patients, Joudeh B. Freij 2021 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Luspatercept Diminishes The Need For Red Blood Cell Replacement In Transfusion-Dependent Β-Thalassemia Patients, Joudeh B. Freij

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising:

Cappellini MD, Viprakasit V, Taher AT, et al. A phase 3 trial of luspatercept in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia. N Engl J Med. 2020;382(13):1219-1231. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1910182

for a patient with transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia.


Acuity Level Of Care As A Predictor Of Case Fatality And Prolonged Hospital Stay In Patients With Covid-19: A Hospital-Based Observational Follow-Up Study From Pakistan, Aysha Almas, Zain Mushtaq, Jette Moller 2021 Aga Khan University

Acuity Level Of Care As A Predictor Of Case Fatality And Prolonged Hospital Stay In Patients With Covid-19: A Hospital-Based Observational Follow-Up Study From Pakistan, Aysha Almas, Zain Mushtaq, Jette Moller

Section of Internal Medicine

Objectives: To determine if there is an association between acuity level of care (ALC), case fatality and length of stay in patients admitted to hospital due to COVID-19.
Design: A hospital-based observational follow-up study.
Setting: Internal Medicine Service of the Aga Khan University Hospital, Pakistan, from 26 February 2020 to 30 June 2020.
Participants: Adult patients with confirmed COVID-19, aged ≥18 years.
Methods: ALC was categorised into low, intermediate and high level and patients were triaged using the standard emergency severity illness score. All patients were followed until the end of hospital admission for the outcome of case fatality and ...


Sepsis In Two Hospitals In Rwanda: A Retrospective Cohort Study Of Presentation, Management, Outcomes, And Predictors Of Mortality., Dennis A Hopkinson, Jean Paul Mvukiyehe, Sudha P Jayaraman, Aamer A Syed, Myles Dworkin, Willy Mucyo, Thierry Cyuzuzo, Anne Tuyizere, Christian Mukwesi, Gaston Nyirigira, Paulin R Banguti, Elisabeth D Riviello 2021 Department of Internal Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, United States

Sepsis In Two Hospitals In Rwanda: A Retrospective Cohort Study Of Presentation, Management, Outcomes, And Predictors Of Mortality., Dennis A Hopkinson, Jean Paul Mvukiyehe, Sudha P Jayaraman, Aamer A Syed, Myles Dworkin, Willy Mucyo, Thierry Cyuzuzo, Anne Tuyizere, Christian Mukwesi, Gaston Nyirigira, Paulin R Banguti, Elisabeth D Riviello

Student Papers & Posters

PURPOSE: Few studies have assessed the presentation, management, and outcomes of sepsis in low-income countries (LICs). We sought to characterize these aspects of sepsis and to assess mortality predictors in sepsis in two referral hospitals in Rwanda.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study in two public academic referral hospitals in Rwanda. Data was abstracted from paper medical records of adult patients who met our criteria for sepsis.

RESULTS: Of the 181 subjects who met eligibility criteria, 111 (61.3%) met our criteria for sepsis without shock and 70 (38.7%) met our criteria for septic shock. Thirty-five ...


Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht 2021 University of San Diego

Get America Talking: Implementing Advanced Care Planning In Primary Care, Sasha Recht

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Advanced Care Planning (ACP) is an essential part of providing adequate care in the primary care setting. Discussing end of life with patients can be a tedious and uncomfortable conversation for many providers, however, its continued avoidance contributes to the stigma of end of life care and may also result in significant healthcare cost expenditure with the use of unwanted invasive treatments. All providers should engage in consistent advanced care planning in order to improve patient and provider communication, improve patient satisfaction, increase advanced directives on file, reduce the stigma of the topic, and improve quality of life.


Anal Cancer Screening At Truman Health Services, Peter D. Tran, Harshdeep Babbar 2021 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Anal Cancer Screening At Truman Health Services, Peter D. Tran, Harshdeep Babbar

Quality Improvement/Patient Safety Symposium

Anal Papanicoloau Screening at Truman Clinic

Anal cancer is a squamous cell cancer associated with human papillomavirus (HPV), the same virus that is associated with cervical cancer. Although vaccination against HPV has been shown to be effective in reducing overall rates of infection, the number of new anal cancer cases has been rising for many years. In HIV-infected men and women, the incidence is even higher of anal cancer than in the general population. Current rates in an HIV-infected MSM population have been estimated to be as high as 70-144 per 100,000, with some studies of HIV-infected individuals showing ...


A Metabolomic Endotype Of Bioenergetic Dysfunction Predicts Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure, Raymond J. Langley, Marie E. Migaud, Lori Flores, J. Will Thompson, Elizabeth A. Kean, Murphy M. Mostellar, Matthew Mowry, Patrick Luckett, Lina D. Purcell, James Lovato, Sheetal Gandotra, Ryan Benton, D. Clark Files, Kevin S. Harrod, Mark N. Gillespie, Peter E. Morris 2021 University of South Alabama

A Metabolomic Endotype Of Bioenergetic Dysfunction Predicts Mortality In Critically Ill Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure, Raymond J. Langley, Marie E. Migaud, Lori Flores, J. Will Thompson, Elizabeth A. Kean, Murphy M. Mostellar, Matthew Mowry, Patrick Luckett, Lina D. Purcell, James Lovato, Sheetal Gandotra, Ryan Benton, D. Clark Files, Kevin S. Harrod, Mark N. Gillespie, Peter E. Morris

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Acute respiratory failure (ARF) requiring mechanical ventilation, a complicating factor in sepsis and other disorders, is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Despite its severity and prevalence, treatment options are limited. In light of accumulating evidence that mitochondrial abnormalities are common in ARF, here we applied broad spectrum quantitative and semiquantitative metabolomic analyses of serum from ARF patients to detect bioenergetic dysfunction and determine its association with survival. Plasma samples from surviving and non-surviving patients (N = 15/group) were taken at day 1 and day 3 after admission to the medical intensive care unit and, in survivors, at hospital discharge ...


Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle McVeigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz 2021 University of Kentucky

Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle Mcveigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz

Statistics Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular complications became a notable cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with lupus as therapeutic advancements became more efficient at managing other complications. The Appalachian community in Kentucky has a higher prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, predisposing them to cardiovascular events. Namely, the mean body mass index of the members of the Kentucky Appalachian community was reported at 33 kg/m2 and 94.3% of male members of this community use tobacco. We sought to identify risk factors that predispose patients with lupus to cardiovascular morbidities and examine the effect of immunomodulatory drugs.

METHODS: We identified ...


Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

Esophageal Necrosis As An Unexpected Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis, Hayden Smith, Tricia James

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

No abstract provided.


Navigating Uncertainty In A Critically Ill Patient, Brandon Tempte, Amy Dechet 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

Navigating Uncertainty In A Critically Ill Patient, Brandon Tempte, Amy Dechet

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Introduction Aspergillus spores are routinely inhaled.Innate immune defenses prevent fungal growth and disease in immunocompetent individuals.However, immunocompromised patients are at risk of developing invasive aspergillosis. Diagnosis of invasive aspergillus is often difficult as biopsy is not always feasible and relies on the interpretation of non-invasive testing. Early recognition and initiation of therapy is paramount as the mortality rate is high.

Case Presentation Patient is a 59 year oldfemale with a history of alcohol abuse admitted with acute encephalopathy and new onset seizure. History: -Initially presented 3 weeks earlier for jaundice, found to have acute alcoholic hepatitis, started and ...


A Case Of Vaccine-Preventable Back Pain, Gerald Hutfles, Tricia James 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

A Case Of Vaccine-Preventable Back Pain, Gerald Hutfles, Tricia James

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

The Case 55-year-old male with minimal medical history who presented multiple times over 9 months with progressive and severe gluteal & back pain, ultimately found to be from anal cancer.

HPV - The Bad, Insidious Bug

What is it? •Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a double-stranded DNA virus of the Papillomaviridaefamily. Its lifecycle is tied to epithelial tissue. Why do we care? •HPV is associated with warts (including condyloma acuminatum) and cancer •Approximately 45,000 HPV-associated cancers occur in the US each year •7,083 -anal cancer •12,143 -cervical cancer •19,975 -oropharyngeal cancer What About Anal Cancer? •Affects ~1.6/100 ...


Double The Battle: Two Cases Of Irreversible Endocrinopathies In Patients Already Fighting Metastatic Cancer., Olesya Petrenko, Nicholas L Stucky 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Double The Battle: Two Cases Of Irreversible Endocrinopathies In Patients Already Fighting Metastatic Cancer., Olesya Petrenko, Nicholas L Stucky

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

INTRODUCTION: Emergence of cancer immunotherapy has instigated a new era in field of oncology and revolutionized treatment of cancer. In 2011, Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICI) gained approval for treatment of advanced solid and hematological malignancies and have had remarkable results. Since being released, new cases of irreversible endocrine adverse events are increasingly becoming reported and leave patients with a new life-long diagnosis after battling metastatic cancer.

Discussion • 6 Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICIs) approved: •CTLA-4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4) inhibitor Ipilimumab •PD-1 (programmed cell death protein 1) inhibitors nivolumab, pembrolizumab •PD-L1 (programmed cell death ligand 1) inhibitors atezolizumab, avelumab, durvalumab •T-cell ...


The Peculiar Case Of Purulent Pericarditis, Laura Bennetts, Meera Jain 2021 Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Portland, OR; Providence Cancer Institute, Portland OR

The Peculiar Case Of Purulent Pericarditis, Laura Bennetts, Meera Jain

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Introduction

Purulent pericarditis is a localized purulent infection in the pericardial space •Before the era of antibiotics, purulent pericarditis was related to complications of pneumococcal pneumonia. Now more frequently associated with thoracic surgeries, immunocompromised hosts and nosocomial blood infections.1 •This case is an unusual presentation of acute methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) purulent pericarditis with a course complicated by cardiac tamponade, opiate withdrawal, and a right ventricle (RV) laceration.

Case Presentation

History of Present Illness •Patient is a 30-year-old M active intravenous drug use (IDU) with a recent history of MRSA bacteremia, endocarditis, parasternal abscess s/p I&D, and ...


Adding Incapacity To Injury: A Case Of Trauma And Central Cord Syndrome, Christopher Bender, Jesse Powell 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Adding Incapacity To Injury: A Case Of Trauma And Central Cord Syndrome, Christopher Bender, Jesse Powell

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Introduction Central cord syndrome occurs with a lesion or soft tissue injury affecting the central anatomy of the spinal cord, causing weakness more prominent in the arms than legs, and sensory abnormalities at the level of the lesion. Here I present a case of central cord syndrome caused by a traumatic fall.

Case Patient A 71 year oldman with history of ESRD, CAD, CHF, and atrial fibrillation HPI Admitted to the hospital after a syncopalevent at home with traumatic falland subsequent development of weakness Exam Weakness was greater in the upper extremities than lower extremitiesand had a left sided predominance ...


Hormone Wars: The Thyroid Strikes Back! A Case Of Hashimoto Encephalopathy Manifesting As Diffuse Extremity Weakness And Confusion, Cody Paiva, Brinton Clark 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Hormone Wars: The Thyroid Strikes Back! A Case Of Hashimoto Encephalopathy Manifesting As Diffuse Extremity Weakness And Confusion, Cody Paiva, Brinton Clark

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Case Presentation

A 42-year-old female with a past medical history of schizoaffective disorder recently discontinued on multiple psychiatric medications, stable HIV, and hypothyroidism presented with a chief complaint of diffuse extremity weakness and Parkinsonism-like symptoms. History of Present Illness •4-month history of jerking leg movements bilaterally •2-week history of ”feeling paralyzed” with difficulty ambulating •Recent long-term hospitalization at a psychiatric facility as a ward of the state •Multiple changes to psychiatric medication regimen, including abrupt discontinuation of clozapine and risperidone •Abrupt onset confusion at facility and decreased level of interaction at facility prior to admission Exam •T 98.8F, BP ...


Fentanyl-Induced Wooden Chest Syndrome Masquerading As Severe Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Covid-19, Grace Judd, Rachael Starcher, David Hotchkin 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Fentanyl-Induced Wooden Chest Syndrome Masquerading As Severe Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Covid-19, Grace Judd, Rachael Starcher, David Hotchkin

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Case Presentation

History •47 yo M with no PMH presented with fever and respiratory distress •Admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia Hospital Course •Intubated for moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) on hospital day 11 •Fentanyl infusion started •Hypoxia improved within 36 hrsbut plateau pressures consistently >30 cm H2O despite minimizing dead space •Trial of airway pressure release ventilation worsened hypercarbia •Bronchoscopy w/o mucous plugging, airway collapse, or purulent secretions •Lung compliance worsened (Pplat=50 on 4 cc/kg) w/o change in oxygenation •Developed suspicion for wooden chest syndrome (WCS) and discontinued fentanyl Outcome •Pplatnadired at 16 within one hour ...


The Deadly Hoover: A Curiouser And Curiouser Case Of Disappearing Platelets, Rachael Starcher 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center – Portland, OR

The Deadly Hoover: A Curiouser And Curiouser Case Of Disappearing Platelets, Rachael Starcher

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

No abstract provided.


Cryptococcoma From Disseminated Cryptococcus Neoformans Infection In An Immunocompetent Patient, Megan Block, David Hotchkin, Amy Dechet 2021 Providence Portland Medical Center

Cryptococcoma From Disseminated Cryptococcus Neoformans Infection In An Immunocompetent Patient, Megan Block, David Hotchkin, Amy Dechet

Providence Portland Medical Center Internal Medicine 2021

Background Cryptococcal infection is an infection caused by encapsulated yeasts of the Cryptococcusfungi that primarily manifests in the CNS or lungs in immunocompromised hosts. Our case describes disseminated Cryptococcus neoformansinfection and cerebral cryptococcomain an immunocompetent individual.

Case History •A 64 year-oldmale with no pertinent medical history presented to his PCP for worsening headaches for the past 2 months. •MRI: new ring enhancing lesion of the left thalamus •CT chest: bilateral upper lobe tree-in-bud nodules and a right upper lobe nodule with stippled calcification. •Lung biopsy, complicated by pneumothorax, was unremarkable. •2 days later developed headaches and nausea, became non-verbal, and ...


Pharmacist Pilot Project To Reduce Hypoglycemic Events On Internal Medicine Unit, Carly Barnes, Pamela Levine 2021 Providence St. Vincent

Pharmacist Pilot Project To Reduce Hypoglycemic Events On Internal Medicine Unit, Carly Barnes, Pamela Levine

Providence Pharmacy PGY1 Program at Providence Portland and Providence St. Vincent Medical Centers 2021

No abstract provided.


Overloadipine–Emerging Therapies To Treat Refractory Shock, Stephanie Barayuga, Irene Hendrickson 2021 Providence St. Vincent

Overloadipine–Emerging Therapies To Treat Refractory Shock, Stephanie Barayuga, Irene Hendrickson

Providence St. Vincent Internal Medicine 2021

Introduction

Refractory vasodilatory shock develops from uncontrolled vasodilation and hyporesponsivenessto vasopressors. •Management of calcium channel blockers (CCB) toxicity can be difficult because it can result in refractory vasodilatory

Case Presentation

•21-year-old male with history of depression and prior suicide attempts presented after intentional ingestion of amlodipine (300 mg) and metformin (150 tablets of 1000 mg). •Presented with slightly altered mentation and hypotension, then quickly deteriorated and required intubation and high vasopressor requirements. •Transferred to PSVMC for consideration of venoarterialextracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO). Since he was hyperdynamic on echocardiogram, our team did not feel he would benefit from VA-ECMO. •His vasopressor ...


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