Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Specialties Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

45,934 Full-Text Articles 132,538 Authors 10,313,598 Downloads 321 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Specialties

Faceted Search

45,934 full-text articles. Page 1 of 1917.

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant 2024 University of Vermont

Expanding Awareness Of Tbi Resources In The North Country, Nicholas W. Krant

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Disability, emotional dysregulation and financial stress are only some of the issues that many patients who suffer TBI encounter. While resources are available to alleviate some of these burdens on patients who suffer TBI in New York's North Country, patients often struggle to find these resources. This project endeavors to create a resource for patients, family members and practitioners to find available resources.


Triple Inhaler Therapy In Adolescents And Adults With Moderate And Severe Persistent Asthma, Mark S. L'Eplattenier 2023 University of Lynchburg

Triple Inhaler Therapy In Adolescents And Adults With Moderate And Severe Persistent Asthma, Mark S. L'Eplattenier

Graduate Dissertations and Theses

Expert guidelines, metanalysis, and multiple randomized controlled trials have demonstrated the effectiveness of long-acting inhaled antimuscarinic agents (LAMA) as an additive medication in poorly controlled moderate and severe persistent asthma. LAMAs play an essential role in blocking acetylcholine binding to muscarinic receptors and reducing bronchoconstriction and mucous production. By adding this medication to other combination inhalers - long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), patients can utilize a triple inhaler to improve FEV1 values and decrease exacerbations. Current treatment guidelines allow clinicians to develop more personalized treatment plans for their asthmatic patients.


Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapies In The Management Of Unknown Onset And Wakeup Strokes: A Scoping Review, Saima Nazish 2023 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapies In The Management Of Unknown Onset And Wakeup Strokes: A Scoping Review, Saima Nazish

Pakistan Journal of Neurological Sciences (PJNS)

ABSTRACT Background: The efficacy and safety of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (IV rt-PA) for the management of unknown time onset stroke (UTOS) and wake-up stroke (WUS) are in a debate. Objective:The objective of this review is to discuss the UTOS and its management with intravenous thrombolytic therapies. Data Sources: Databases searched included PubMed and Cochrane electronic databases and manual search. Study Selection and Data Extraction: 45 articles of potential relevance were selected. Results: 14 relevant papers were included. Most of studies including recent trials using Magnetic resonance imaging diffusion-weighted imaging fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (MRIDWI FLAIR) mismatch or Computed tomography …


Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner 2023 Lesley University

Examining The Use Of Expressive Arts Therapies In Neurorehabilitation Treatment Planning, Rebecca J. Horner

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Those undergoing neurorehabilitation after stroke and traumatic brain injury report a diminished sense of overall wellness. This paper examines the conceivable benefits of introducing expressive arts therapies, which is the therapeutic use and combination of the visual arts, movement, drama, music, writing and other intermodal creative processes, into physical therapy and neurorehabilitation treatment planning. Expressive arts therapies have the capacity to engage with an individual’s physical, emotional, social and spiritual states concurrently. They simultaneously offer the ability to promote an increased sense of well-being, address mind-body disconnects, and process trauma non-verbally.

The sections of this narrative literature review focus on …


Ots Delivering Culturally Sensitive Care For Dementia Family Caregivers From Diverse Backgrounds, Abraham Lai, Lucy Palacios Mendez, Darren Sarmiento 2023 Dominican University of California

Ots Delivering Culturally Sensitive Care For Dementia Family Caregivers From Diverse Backgrounds, Abraham Lai, Lucy Palacios Mendez, Darren Sarmiento

Occupational Therapy | Graduate Capstone Projects

As occupational therapists, addressing key cultural barriers that may obstruct access to dementia care and education for individuals with dementia and their caregivers from diverse backgrounds is a priority for client-centered care. Stress, racial discrimination, and distrust may exacerbate symptoms and prevalence of dementia in certain populations, such as Chinese- Americans and Latinx (Quinones et al. 2020). Immigrants’ experiences of aging and health are diverse due to belonging to different socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, and linguistic groups and having varying levels of education and work experience (R. S. 2020). There are existing cultural differences regarding caregiving and family networks, perception and …


Prefrontal Activation During Inhibition Of A Balance Recovery Step, Ezinne Abugu 2023 Utah State University

Prefrontal Activation During Inhibition Of A Balance Recovery Step, Ezinne Abugu

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The ability to quickly step is an important strategy to avoid a fall. However, real-world settings often constrain a stepping path. Such constraints necessitate response inhibition to prevent an inappropriate step and select a new course of action to ultimately recover balance. The present study investigated neural mechanisms that underlie this ability to stop a highly automatic balance recovery step. In the field of cognitive neuroscience, response inhibition has typically been researched using focal hand reaction tasks performed by seated participants. This approach combined with neuroimaging has revealed a neural stopping network, which includes the right Inferior Frontal Gyrus (right …


Coronary Flow And Unloading In Acute Myocardial Infarction Shock, Kiyo Ishikawa 2023 Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Coronary Flow And Unloading In Acute Myocardial Infarction Shock, Kiyo Ishikawa

Journal of Shock and Hemodynamics

In patients with cardiogenic shock that undergo successful coronary intervention, there are still factors complicating myocardial recovery. There is room for improvement in coronary flow using mechanical circulatory devices, specifically by left ventricular unloading. This idea was further explored in a research study using pigs. Results showed that subjects with acute myocardial infarction who have reduced cardiac contractility and/or high diastolic pressure would benefit from support strategies targeting left ventricular unloading.


One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

One And A Half-Stage Revision With Prosthetic Articulating Spacer For Definitive Management Of Knee Periprosthetic Joint Infection., Ahmed Siddiqi, Yusuf Mahmoud, Salvador A. Forte, Thomas A Novack, James Nace

Orthopedic Surgery Resident Research

This paper is a comprehensive review that describes indications, contraindications, clinical outcomes, and pearls and pitfalls of 1.5-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) utilizing a primary TKA femoral component, all-polyethylene tibial component, and hand-crafted antibiotic cement for the management of chronic periprosthetic joint infection. The 1.5-stage exchange TKA details placement of an articulating spacer for an indefinite period, prolonging revision until reinfection, deterioration of functional status, or construct failure. A 1.5-stage revision TKA technique is a viable option for treatment of chronic periprosthetic knee infections. The inherent advantages of decreased health-care costs, decreased morbidity and mortality, and improved emotional ease …


Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Using Exterior Housing Conditions To Predict Elevated Pediatric Blood Lead Levels., Neal J Wilson, Elizabeth Friedman, Kevin Kennedy, Panayiotis T. Manolakos, Lori Reierson, Amy Roberts, Steve Simon

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Housing-based lead paint dust is the most common source of lead exposure for US-born children. Although year of housing construction is a critical indicator of the lead hazard to US children, not all housing of the same age poses the same risk to children. Additional information about housing condition is required to differentiate the housing-based lead risk at the parcel level. This study aimed to identify and assess a method for gathering and using observations of exterior housing conditions to identify active housing-based lead hazards at the parcel level. We used a dataset of pediatric blood lead observations (sample years …


Ob-Gyn Resident Education Of Postpartum Care: A Needs Assessment, Melanie Hotz, MS, MD, Cheryl Godcharles, MD, IBCLC, Julia Switzer, MD 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Ob-Gyn Resident Education Of Postpartum Care: A Needs Assessment, Melanie Hotz, Ms, Md, Cheryl Godcharles, Md, Ibclc, Julia Switzer, Md

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Background

  • Increased recognition of the importance of the ‘fourth trimester’ and the pressing need to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality, has led to a renewed focus on postpartum care.
  • Advanced Milestones for The Care of the Postpartum Patient include ability to effectively counsel patients on antenatal, intrapartum and postpartum complications, collaboration with other members of the health care team in postpartum care and application of innovative approaches to the management of patients in the postpartum period.1
  • The CREOG Learning objectives include several specific learning objectives regarding the diagnosis, management and counseling about normal postpartum recovery and complications of the …


What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin 2023 Indiana University

What Did We Learn About Vads In 2022?, Maya Guglin

The VAD Journal

This is our 9th annual literature review on mechanical circulatory support devices. Our previous reports were well received by the readers.

In this paper, we summarized the most interesting and important, from our standpoint, publications from 2022. There may be some slight overlap with the end of 2021 because some papers were published online first, and the year of the publication changed when they became available in print.

For the sixth time, we wrote a section on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) which primarily addresses new developments in veno-arterial ECMO.

Readers who wish to supplement this review, argue with the …


Old But Not Vain : Two Cases Of Refractory Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia Associated With Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Treated With Quinidine, Tit-Kei Ng, Tommy King-Him Ma, Chi-Chun Au, Janice Woon-Yan Wong, Jenny Nga-Lai Chow, Andrew Vincent Li, Adrian Yin-Cheung Luk, Sze-Wah Lai, Candy Ming-Yan Cheuk, Jaclyn Chi-Lin Chan, Li-Wah Tam 2023 Department of Medicine & Geriatrics, Kwong Wah Hospital, HKSAR

Old But Not Vain : Two Cases Of Refractory Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia Associated With Coronary Artery Disease Successfully Treated With Quinidine, Tit-Kei Ng, Tommy King-Him Ma, Chi-Chun Au, Janice Woon-Yan Wong, Jenny Nga-Lai Chow, Andrew Vincent Li, Adrian Yin-Cheung Luk, Sze-Wah Lai, Candy Ming-Yan Cheuk, Jaclyn Chi-Lin Chan, Li-Wah Tam

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Post myocardial infarct polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (VT) triggered by injured Purkinje fibres can cause VT storms that are refractory to various treatment even after successful reperfusion or revascularization. We reported such recurrent polymorphic VT in two post myocardial infarct patients after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. Both of them responded readily to Quinidine. We also discussed the pathophysiology of this arrhythmia and the treatment option of it, namely catheter ablation and antiarrhythmics


Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong 2023 Department of Medicine and Geriatrics, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong

Recurrent Cyanotic Spells In An Octogenarian, Chin Tong Kwok, Chun Kit Wong

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

We report rare case of an octogenarian who, after years of diagnostic delay, was found to have a patent foramen ovale, and due to an ascending aortic aneurysm that anatomically facilitated right-to-left shunt, presenting with life-threatening cyanotic attacks. The characteristic orthodeoxia-platypnea syndrome and high alveolar arterial gradient hint to the diagnosis. She was eventually treated successfully with urgent percutaneous PFO closure. Routine ordering of a transthoracic echocardiogram, without agitated saline injection under provocation maneuvers, may not be sufficient to rule out shunts.


Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan 2023 Pro-Care Heart Clinic

Roles Of Exercise Treadmill Test In The Diagnosis & Risk Stratification Of Cardiac Channelopathies, Kit Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Channelopathies are the leading causes of SCD in patients without structural heart disease. Missing the diagnosis of high-risk but concealed channelopathies could have lethal clinical consequences. However, the diagnosis of channelopathies is often challenging due to the dynamic clinical presentations and elusive ECG manifestations of these diseases. An integrated approach including clinical assessment, repeated electrocardiography, drug provocation tests, exercise stress test and genetic studies is often required for establishing the diagnosis. Pharmacological provocation tests may have limited sensitivity and may be associated with false positive results. Wide-spread use of genetic studies are limited by low yield, cost-effectiveness and availability issue. …


The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun KWONG, Kwok Ho YAU, Eugene SIN, Kwok Keung CHAN 2023 Department of Medicine, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital

The Impact Of Renal Insufficiency Upon Admission On The Clinical Outcome Of Patients With Acute St-Elevation Myocardial Infarction Undergoing Primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, Wai Lun Kwong, Kwok Ho Yau, Eugene Sin, Kwok Keung Chan

Journal of the Hong Kong College of Cardiology

Background: Coronary artery disease is common in patients with renal insufficiency. In acute coronary syndrome, impaired renal function is present in approximately 30-40% of patients and is associated with worse prognosis. Local data regarding the risks and benefits for those patients suffering from acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is scarce. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of patients suffering from STEMI with and without renal insufficiency upon admission who underwent PPCI.

Methods: From 1st January 2009 to 30th September 2017, all patients with STEMI treated with PPCI were identified. The primary …


Disparities In Contraception In Women With Cardiovascular Diseases In The Cardiac-Obstetrical Clinic, Laura Fiorini, Maria De Abreu Pineda, Jason K. Baxter, Rebekah J. McCurdy, Andria Jones, Indranee Rajapreyar, Amanda Roman-Camargo 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Disparities In Contraception In Women With Cardiovascular Diseases In The Cardiac-Obstetrical Clinic, Laura Fiorini, Maria De Abreu Pineda, Jason K. Baxter, Rebekah J. Mccurdy, Andria Jones, Indranee Rajapreyar, Amanda Roman-Camargo

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Posters

Objective

- National Survey of Family Growth 2017-19 survey reported a 65.3% contraceptive use:

  • 18% tubal, 5.6% vasectomy
  • 18% hormonal therapy
  • 8.4% intrauterine devices (IUD)
  • 8.4% condoms

- To evaluate postpartum contraception plans and use in pregnant women with cardiovascular disease (CVD) after visits to the combined cardio-obstetric clinic


Predictors Of Neurological Complications Of Pediatric Post-Cardiotomy Extracorporeal Life Support, Hala Mounir Agha, Amr Fathalla, Giuseppe Isgro, Mauro Cotza 2023 Department of Pediatrics, Pediatric Cardiology Division, Specialized Pediatric Hospital, Cairo University

Predictors Of Neurological Complications Of Pediatric Post-Cardiotomy Extracorporeal Life Support, Hala Mounir Agha, Amr Fathalla, Giuseppe Isgro, Mauro Cotza

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Background: Post-cardiotomy extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was associated with significant neurological complications affecting the overall outcome. The aim of the work is to determine the incidence and the predictors of neurological events during pediatric extracorporeal life support after cardiac surgery. Patients & Methods: This is a retrospective study that encompassed all neonates, infants, and children (<18 years of age) who need extracorporeal life support following cardiac surgery between January 2015 and December 2018 at San Donato Hospital, Italy. Data as regards surgical procedure of congenital heart disease, in-hospital mortality, length of ECMO, hospital stay durations, short-term neurological ECMO complications and outcome were analyzed. Results: The sixty-three patients who received post-cardiotomy ECMO, Neurological complications were evident in 31.7% in the form of ischemic stroke in 17.5% and hemorrhagic stroke in 11.1%. By multivariable analysis, the older age of cyanotic cases, the need for a venting cannula, and the rapid CO2 drop in the first 24 h were the most independent risk factors for neurological complications. Prolonged ECMO support and hospital stay duration were associated with neurological sequelae. Conclusion: Neurological complications either ischemic or hemorrhagic strokes were common during pediatric postcardiotomy ECMO and were significantly related to prolonged ECMO support and hospital stay. Predictors of these neurological sequelae are the older cyanotic cases, the need for a venting cannula, the oxygenator thrombosis, and the rapid CO2 drop in the first 24 h of ECMO.


Cardiogenic Shock Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Middle Eastern Country: A Single-Centre Experience, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Sheeren Khaled 2023 Cardiac center, King Abdullah Medical City- Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Cardiogenic Shock Among Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction In A Middle Eastern Country: A Single-Centre Experience, Ghada Shalaby, Azmat Khadija Niazi, Sheeren Khaled

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic Shock (CS) remains the most common cause of death in hospitalized acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. Predictors of outcomes in those patients include clinical, laboratory, radiologic variables, and management strategies. The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence, characteristics, predictors of cardiogenic shock and mortality among acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients in our center METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center study conducted at KAMC, Makkah during 2015-2020. All acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients during this era were divided into two groups CS group and non-CS group. RESULTS: In this study total 3074 acute ST-segment …


Investigating Stigma During The Early Stages Of A Pandemic Through The Lens Of Covid-19, Zach Thornton, Bethany Hodge, Sheridan Langford 2023 University of Louisville

Investigating Stigma During The Early Stages Of A Pandemic Through The Lens Of Covid-19, Zach Thornton, Bethany Hodge, Sheridan Langford

The University of Louisville Journal of Respiratory Infections

Background: Individuals face stigma associated with numerous health conditions. Stigma can arise rapidly during the early spread of a new disease, adding to the burden felt by those affected. COVID-19 can be used as an example to study stigma during the early phases of a pandemic. This narrative review is a descriptive analysis that tracks the ways in which COVID-19 stigma was discussed in the scholarly literature during the first year of the pandemic to understand how stigma was viewed in the context of a rapidly spreading pandemic.

Methods: PubMed was used as a non-exhaustive sample of the literature. Searches …


Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan 2023 University of Toronto

Parental Contextual Factors And Decision-Making Related To Periviable Birth: An Integrative Review, Amy L. Wright, Elizabeth Mens, Gausiha Rathitharan

The Qualitative Report

Parents facing a periviable birth, or birth before 25 weeks of gestation, commonly engage in antenatal consultation with healthcare providers to determine a plan of care. Parents’ pre-existing contextual factors, beliefs, and values influence their decisions regarding birth and the care of their infant. This study aims to understand the role of parental contextual factors and best-practices to their integration during antenatal consultation The Whittemore and Knafl (2005) approach to conducting an integrative review along with thematic analysis was employed to determine and present the findings. Results describe three themes related to how contextual factors influence parental decision-making: personal values …


Digital Commons powered by bepress