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Honoring Veterans’ Wishes: Efficacy Of An Evidence-Based Shared Decision-Making Tool In Va Icu Goals-Of-Care Discussions, Stephanie Alexander, Anna Astashchanka MD, Venktesh Ramnath MD 2024 University of San Diego

Honoring Veterans’ Wishes: Efficacy Of An Evidence-Based Shared Decision-Making Tool In Va Icu Goals-Of-Care Discussions, Stephanie Alexander, Anna Astashchanka Md, Venktesh Ramnath Md

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Introduction: This Doctor of Nursing Practice project aimed to enhance the knowledge and confidence of the San Diego Veterans Health Administration’s (VASD) Intensive Care Unit (ICU) medical providers in goals-of-care discussions (GOCD). Additionally, this project aimed to improve the documentation of these discussions.

Background: Delays in GOCD can lead to futile medical and surgical interventions, inappropriate antibiotic use, and higher rates of mental health conditions in patients and their loved ones. Earlier GOCD are associated with lower ventilation and resuscitation rates, earlier hospice enrollment, reduced ICU admissions, lower financial costs, and better patient and caregiver quality of life. However, …


Increasing Palliative Care Team Involvement In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Meagan Vacek, Lisa Tarbell, Melissa List, Erin Hall, Jennifer Linebarger, Kelstan Ellis, Gina Jones, Joel Thompson 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Increasing Palliative Care Team Involvement In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Meagan Vacek, Lisa Tarbell, Melissa List, Erin Hall, Jennifer Linebarger, Kelstan Ellis, Gina Jones, Joel Thompson

Research Days

Early implementation of palliative care in pediatric oncology is well established but its role in pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients is yet to be fully determined. Multiple organizations encourage palliative care involvement in HSCT patients. Our aim was to increase palliative care team consults for patients receiving HSCT for our targeted diagnosis. Though we did not achieve this aim, we were able to increase the palliative care team's involvement in the total cohort of patients undergoing HSCT.


How Neonates Die: Mortality Trends And Associations In A Level Iv Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Erin Bolen, Ashley K. Sherman, Julie Weiner, Jotishna Sharma 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

How Neonates Die: Mortality Trends And Associations In A Level Iv Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Erin Bolen, Ashley K. Sherman, Julie Weiner, Jotishna Sharma

Research Days

Background

Modes of neonatal mortality include withdrawal of life-sustaining interventions, non-escalation of interventions, and secondary to a code event. Mortality trends have been examined broadly, but the impact of clinical and demographic factors on the mode of neonatal mortality has yet to be evaluated. A greater understanding of this information would help guide medical decision-making and identify potential inequities. The aim is to evaluate the impact of clinical and demographic factors on the mode of neonatal death in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Study Design/Methods

Data were collected via retrospective chart review of patients who died at …


Emotion Regulation Strategies And Perceived Emotional Intelligence: The Effect Of Age., Iwanna Sepiadou 2024 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Emotion Regulation Strategies And Perceived Emotional Intelligence: The Effect Of Age., Iwanna Sepiadou

Adultspan Journal

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence and the reported use of cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression. We also investigated the possible effects of age on the aforementioned variables. The total sample consisted of 379 people (158 men, 220 women, 1 unreported). Across participants, 273 were young (20-39 years old) and 106 were middle-aged (40-65 years old). We found statistically significant positive correlations between the dimensions of perceived emotional intelligence and the reported use of cognitive reappraisal and negative primarily correlations between the dimensions of perceived emotional intelligence and the reported use of …


Mortality In Medicine, Maren Dougherty 2024 Bridgewater College

Mortality In Medicine, Maren Dougherty

Honors Projects

Practitioners in the medical field attend to health issues across one’s lifespan from birth to death and everything in between. A common conflict in today’s practice of medicine is establishing the true function of medicine. The complete reliance on medicine to ward off death proliferates the biomedicalization of natural life processes, like death. Biomedicalization is the process in which medical authority and its accompanying technology begin to control other aspects of daily life. With medicine’s ultimate goal being to cure disease and fight death, it interferes with the inevitability of human mortality. End-of-life treatment can be taken too far without …


Perspectives From Patients With Chronic Lung Disease On A Telehealth-Facilitated Integrated Palliative Care Model: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Jeannette Kates, Carrie Tompkins Stricker, Kristin L. Rising, Alexzandra Gentsch, Ellen Solomon, Victoria Powers, Venise J. Salcedo, Brooke Worster 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Perspectives From Patients With Chronic Lung Disease On A Telehealth-Facilitated Integrated Palliative Care Model: A Qualitative Content Analysis Study, Jeannette Kates, Carrie Tompkins Stricker, Kristin L. Rising, Alexzandra Gentsch, Ellen Solomon, Victoria Powers, Venise J. Salcedo, Brooke Worster

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Chronic lung disease affects nearly 37 million Americans and often results in significant quality of life impairment and healthcare burden. Despite guidelines calling for palliative care (PC) integration into pulmonary care as a vital part of chronic lung disease management, existing PC models have limited access and lack scalability. Use of telehealth to provide PC offers a potential solution to these barriers. This study explored perceptions of patients with chronic lung disease regarding a telehealth integrated palliative care (TIPC) model, with plans to use findings to inform development of an intervention protocol for future testing.

METHODS: For this qualitative …


Effects Of Family Dignity Interventions Combined With Standard Palliative Care On Family Adaptability, Cohesion, And Anticipatory Grief In Adult Advanced Cancer Survivors And Their Family Caregivers: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nannan Wang, Kun Wang, Xinyu Lu, Shuyu Zhang, Xuhan Sun, Yuxi Zhang 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Effects Of Family Dignity Interventions Combined With Standard Palliative Care On Family Adaptability, Cohesion, And Anticipatory Grief In Adult Advanced Cancer Survivors And Their Family Caregivers: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Nannan Wang, Kun Wang, Xinyu Lu, Shuyu Zhang, Xuhan Sun, Yuxi Zhang

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Family involvement and comfort are equally important in palliative care. Dignity undertook a new meaning and novel challenges as a result of restrictions on visits and companionship during the pandemic. Family-centered family dignity interventions have been shown to be effective in increasing patients' sense of dignity, increasing levels of hope, and reducing psychological distress; however, the effectiveness in enhancing family adaptability and intimacy in the survivor-caregiver binary and reducing expected grief have been inconclusive.

OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of family dignity interventions on family adaptability and cohesion. The secondary objective was …


Occupational Impact Of Caregivers In Pediatric Palliative Care, Lezlye Ramos, Karen Park, Jazminne O. Arteaga 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Occupational Impact Of Caregivers In Pediatric Palliative Care, Lezlye Ramos, Karen Park, Jazminne O. Arteaga

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

The purpose of this study is to understand the occupational impact for caregivers who had a child with a life-limiting or life-threatening condition who had received pediatric palliative care. A lack of understanding of occupational therapy’s role in end-of-life care ultimately underutilizes and under-prepares occupational therapists to work in this practice area. Becoming a medical family caregiver, neglecting personal needs and desires becomes a norm having a in-direct effect on physical and psychological health and well-being. Findings from this study suggest that it is reasonable to infer that occupational participation among caregivers is influenced by finding time for self and …


Values Of Occupational Balance And Harmony Among Bipoc Caregivers, Vanessa Duran, Karen Park 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Values Of Occupational Balance And Harmony Among Bipoc Caregivers, Vanessa Duran, Karen Park

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Background. Historically minoritized populations are underrepresented within hospice care. The lack of diversity among hospice care recipients impacts the development of culturally responsive programming within hospice care for BIPOC family caregivers.

Objective. To learn of the values and perspectives of BIPOC family caregivers in hospice care regarding occupational balance and occupational harmony.

Methods. A mixed-methods study that included an online survey and an optional interview. Measurements utilized were the Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ-11) and an anonymous survey. Three participants completed the online survey.

Results. Preliminary codes were determined by the student researcher from the online survey responses. Four …


Increasing Palliative Care Team Involvement In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Meagan Vacek, Lisa Tarbell, Melissa List, Erin Hall, Jennifer Linebarger, Kelstan Ellis, Gina Jones, Joel Thompson 2024 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Increasing Palliative Care Team Involvement In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Meagan Vacek, Lisa Tarbell, Melissa List, Erin Hall, Jennifer Linebarger, Kelstan Ellis, Gina Jones, Joel Thompson

Posters

Background: Palliative care facilitates communication, helps with physical and psychological symptom management, and assists in goals of care and advance care planning discussions.1 Multiple organizations, including the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Society of Clinical Oncology encourage palliative care engagement and their involvement with hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients has been shown to be beneficial as HSCT is associated with a high degree of morbidity and possible mortality.2-3 Objective: To increase the number of PaCT consults for patients receiving HSCT for our targeted diagnoses from 48% to 75% by December 2023. Methods: Chart review was conducted for patients …


Evidence-Based Practice For Terminal Extubation: A Guideline Development For Critical Care, Heather Marica 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

Evidence-Based Practice For Terminal Extubation: A Guideline Development For Critical Care, Heather Marica

Student Scholarly Projects

Practice Problem: In the critical care unit it was identified that providers utilized various practices in managing patients who were to be terminally extubated (TE). The variations in TE practice resulted in healthcare providers engaging in the TE process feeling unsure of the care they were providing and questioning if best practice measures were being implemented.

PICOT: The PICOT question guiding this project was: “In acute care adult patients who are to be TE (P), how does the development of an evidence-based TE guideline (I) compared to current TE practices (C) improve critical care healthcare workers perception and ability to …


Racial Disparities In Palliative Care Utilization In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Margaret S. Bove, Benjamin Huber, Myles Hardeman, Daniel Harris, Areeba Jawed, Amber Comer 2024 Wayne State University

Racial Disparities In Palliative Care Utilization In The Covid-19 Pandemic, Margaret S. Bove, Benjamin Huber, Myles Hardeman, Daniel Harris, Areeba Jawed, Amber Comer

Medical Student Research Symposium

BACKGROUND

Palliative care is a vital resource for the critically or terminally ill. It has myriad benefits such as improved quality of life, reduced depressive symptoms, and decreased scarce resource utilization. Self-identified Black/African patients, however, are less likely to utilize advanced care directives or engage in hospice/comfort care measures and are more likely to prefer intensive treatment at the end of life. There is no research, however, on how the COVID-19 pandemic may have affected these trends.

METHODS

A retrospective cohort study of patients who experienced in hospital mortality or in hospital hospice due to COVID-19 between March 2020 – …


Using A Virtual, Case-Based Approach To Developing Clinical Competency In Hospice, Melissa Robinson, Sasha Holden, Tara Poulsen 2024 Providence

Using A Virtual, Case-Based Approach To Developing Clinical Competency In Hospice, Melissa Robinson, Sasha Holden, Tara Poulsen

Providence Nursing Research Conference 2023 – Present

Background:

There has been a shift in nursing education away from a teacher-centered approach that is focused on requiring learners to memorize large amounts of content to a concept-based approach that is learner-centered and focuses on the development of critical thinking, clinical judgment, and problem-solving skills (Giddens et al., 2020). Conceptual learning requires learners to connect facts and exemplars to concepts through active learning experiences such as completing case studies or problem-solving activities (Baron, 2017). This allows learners to ‘practice’ thinking and apply new knowledge to clinical practice.

The clinical education team is applying this knowledge to the current competency-based …


Assessment Of Social Vulnerability Impact In Care And Prognosis Of Sinonasal Cancers In The United States, Achilles A. Kanaris, David J. Fei-Zhang, Lily B. Fletcher, Stephanie S. Smith, Urjeet A. Patel, Jill N. D'Souza, Daniel C. Chelius, Anthony M. Sheyn, Jeffrey C. Rastatter 2024 Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine

Assessment Of Social Vulnerability Impact In Care And Prognosis Of Sinonasal Cancers In The United States, Achilles A. Kanaris, David J. Fei-Zhang, Lily B. Fletcher, Stephanie S. Smith, Urjeet A. Patel, Jill N. D'Souza, Daniel C. Chelius, Anthony M. Sheyn, Jeffrey C. Rastatter

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Key Points: Social determinants of health interactively influence sinonasal cancer care and prognosis. Housing-transportation and socioeconomic status showed the largest associations with disparities. The social vulnerability index can reveal the social determinants of sinonasal cancers.


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has extended the survivability of critically ill patients beyond their unsupported prognosis and has widened the timeframe for making an informed decision about the goal of care. However, an extended time window for survival does not necessarily translate into a better outcome and the sustaining treatment is ultimately withdrawn in many patients. Emerging evidence has implicated the determining role of palliative care consult (PCC) in direction of the care that critically ill patients receive. Objective: To evaluate the impact of PCC in withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (WOLST) among critically ill patients, who were placed on …


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study, Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has extended the survivability of critically ill patients beyond their unsupported prognosis and has widened the timeframe for making an informed decision about the goal of care. However, an extended time window for survival does not necessarily translate into a better outcome and the sustaining treatment is ultimately withdrawn in many patients. Emerging evidence has implicated the determining role of palliative care consult (PCC) in direction of the care that critically ill patients receive. Objective: To evaluate the impact of PCC in withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment (WOLST) among critically ill patients, who were placed on …


The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study., Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

The Role Of Palliative Care Consultation In Withdrawal Of Life-Sustaining Treatment Among Icu Patients Receiving Veno-Venous Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (Vv-Ecmo): A Retrospective Case-Control Study., Gabriel Patarroyo-Aponte, Saeed Shoar, Deptmer M Ashley, Ali Noorbaksh, Dev Patel, Alisha Y Young, Bindu H Akkanti, Mark T Warner, Maria M Patarroyo-Aponte, Biswajit Kar, Igor D Gregoric, Caroline Ha, Bela Patel

Journal Articles

No abstract provided.


The Urologist’S Role In Bowel Management Of Adult Spina Bifida: A Narrative Review, Malcolm Sundell, George E. Koch, Melissa Kaufman 2024 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

The Urologist’S Role In Bowel Management Of Adult Spina Bifida: A Narrative Review, Malcolm Sundell, George E. Koch, Melissa Kaufman

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Background and Objective: Urologists are central to the coordinated care of patients with spina bifida (SB), and efforts to optimize bladder management and protection of the upper tracts are well established. However, the urologist’s role in treating this population often extends to the management of bowel dysfunction which may be less defined. The methods available to the urologist for bowel management range from lifestyle modifications to medical and surgical therapy, with many patients requiring combinations of multiple strategies to combat conflicting symptoms of constipation and fecal incontinence (FI). This narrative review aims to compile a detailed algorithm of management options, …


Occupational Therapy’S Opportunity To Impact Care At The End Of Life, Macey Genzlinger, Mackenzie L. Feldhacker 2024 University of South Dakota

Occupational Therapy’S Opportunity To Impact Care At The End Of Life, Macey Genzlinger, Mackenzie L. Feldhacker

Student Journal of Occupational Therapy

Navigating and managing the end of life can be difficult. The focus of occupational therapy in care at the end of life is to aid the patient and caregiver through these challenges by facilitating improved safety, comfort, and quality of life through the participation in meaningful occupations. Despite the ways that occupational therapy benefits these patients, occupational therapy involvement in care at the end of life is misunderstood, under-researched, and underutilized. There is a general lack of awareness regarding this topic and a stigma that occupational therapy focuses only on rehabilitation and therefore does not belong in care at the …


End-Of-Life Care For Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure, Comparisons Of International Guidelines, Frederick Berro Rivera, Sarang Choi, Genquen Philip Carado, Arcel V. Adizas, Nathan Ross B. Bantayan, Gerard Jude P. Loyola, Sung Whoy Cha, John Paul Aparece, Anlene Jane B. Rocha, Siena Placino, Marie Francesca M. Ansay, Gerard Francis E. Mangubat, Mer Lorraine P. Mahilum, Abdullah Al-Abcha, Natasha Suleman, Nishant Shah, Tisha Marie B. Suboc, Annabelle Santos Volgman 2024 Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center

End-Of-Life Care For Patients With End-Stage Heart Failure, Comparisons Of International Guidelines, Frederick Berro Rivera, Sarang Choi, Genquen Philip Carado, Arcel V. Adizas, Nathan Ross B. Bantayan, Gerard Jude P. Loyola, Sung Whoy Cha, John Paul Aparece, Anlene Jane B. Rocha, Siena Placino, Marie Francesca M. Ansay, Gerard Francis E. Mangubat, Mer Lorraine P. Mahilum, Abdullah Al-Abcha, Natasha Suleman, Nishant Shah, Tisha Marie B. Suboc, Annabelle Santos Volgman

Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health Publications

Heart failure (HF) is a chronic, debilitating condition associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic burden. Patients with end-stage HF (ESHF) who are not a candidate for advanced therapies will continue to progress despite standard medical therapy. Thus, the focus of care shifts from prolonging life to controlling symptoms and improving quality of life through palliative care (PC). Because the condition and prognosis of HF patients evolve and can rapidly deteriorate, it is imperative to begin the discussion on end-of-life (EOL) issues early during HF management. These include the completion of an advance directive, do-not-resuscitate orders, and policies on device …


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