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Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine 2022 Cooper Medical School of Rowan University

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis: A Case Report And Discussion Of Clinical And Imaging Features, Kristian Quevada, Kishan Patel, Pauline Germaine

Cooper Rowan Medical Journal

Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis (TPP) is a rare manifestation of thyrotoxicosis, resulting in periodic episodes of acute onset muscle weakness in the setting of hypokalemia. The thyrotoxic form of Hypokalemic Periodic Paralysis (HPP) is less studied than the more well-known familial form due to fewer reported cases and smaller prevalence. This case study presents a 30-year-old African American male with multiple episodes of acute lower extremity muscle weakness, tachycardia, and a history of heat intolerance. Abnormal findings on thyroid ultrasound coupled with increased thyroid related immunoglobulins led to a diagnosis of TPP related to exacerbation of newly-found Graves’ disease. The case ...


Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya 2022 Aga Khan University

Shortness Of Breath In A Young Lady, Rare Case Report Of Thoracic Endometriosis, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Davis Rubagumya, Rahma Bakari, Munawar Kaguta, Nancy Matillya

Family Medicine, East Africa

Introduction and importance: Endometrial glandular tissue can implant in the thorax of women suffering from endometriosis. The clinical presentation is depends on site of implantation. Complications include pneumothorax, pneumohemothorax or hemothorax.

Case presentation: A 31 year old woman with history of infertility presented with shortness of breath and was found to have a significant right sided pneumohemothorax. Drainage was done followed by chemical pleurodesis using bleomycin with resolution of symptoms on her follow up.

Clinical discussion: Thoracic endometriosis tend to present with chronic or sub-acute symptoms which are nonspecific symptoms leading to late diagnosis. Video Assisted Thoracoscopic surgery offer both ...


Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, Subhendra Sarkar, Zoya Vinokur, Bleidis Buitrago, Lin Mousa, Hayley Sanchez, Analia Basilicata, Jodi-Ann Douglas, Seanetta Reddock 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Imaging Of Transmetallation And Chelation Phenomena Involving Radiological Contrast Agents In Mineral-Rich Fruits, Subhendra Sarkar, Zoya Vinokur, Bleidis Buitrago, Lin Mousa, Hayley Sanchez, Analia Basilicata, Jodi-Ann Douglas, Seanetta Reddock

Publications and Research

Exogenous heavy metals or non-metallic waste products, for example lanthanide or iodinated contrast media for radiological procedures, may interfere with the biochemical pools in patients and in common food sources, creating an excess buildup of exogenous compounds which may reach toxic levels. Although the mechanisms are unknown, our experiments were designed to test if this toxicity can be attributed to “transmetallation” or “chelation” reactions freeing up lanthanides or chelated transition metals in acidic fruits used as phantoms representing the biologically active and mineral-rich carbohydrate matrix. The rapid breakdown of stable contrast agents have been reported at a lower pH. The ...


Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan 2022 Aga Khan University

Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan

Department of Radiation Oncology

No abstract provided.


Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine LeRoy 2022 St. Joseph's University Medical Center

Atypical Presentation Of Ankylosing Spondylitis, Chandni Patel, Milvin Shroff, Maleeha Memon, Shideh Doroudi, Christine Leroy

Stratford Campus Research Day

Radiographic axial spondyloarthritis axSpA ) or typical ankylosing spondyloarthritis (AS) is a classification of axial spondyloarthritis with the classic radiographic features of sacroiliitis. Axial spondyloarthritis is a disabling spondyloarthropathy of the spine that presents with chronic back pain usually before the age of 45. It may be associated with extraspinal features including dactylitis , synovitis, and enthesitis in addition to other nonarticular signs. Chronic back pain is one of the most common presenting symptoms for AS , but frequently there is a 5-7 year delay between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis of the disease . A standard AP plain radiograph demonstrating changes to ...


Integration Of Biomedical Imaging And Translational Approaches For Management Of Head And Neck Cancer, Abdallah Mohamed, Abdallah Mohamed 2022 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

Integration Of Biomedical Imaging And Translational Approaches For Management Of Head And Neck Cancer, Abdallah Mohamed, Abdallah Mohamed

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The aim of the clinical component of this work was to determine whether the currently available clinical imaging tools can be integrated with radiotherapy (RT) platforms for monitoring and adaptation of radiation dose, prediction of tumor response and disease outcomes, and characterization of patterns of failure and normal tissue toxicity in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with potentially curable tumors. In Aim 1, we showed that the currently available clinical imaging modalities can be successfully used to adapt RT dose based-on dynamic tumor response, predict oncologic disease outcomes, characterize RT-induced toxicity, and identify the patterns of disease failure. We ...


Patient Reported Experience In A Radiation Oncology Department, Demetra Yannitsos, Petra Grendarova, Abdulla Al-Rashdan, Linda Watson, Wendy Smith, Fiona Lochray, Jackson Wu, Lisa Barbera 2022 Department of Oncology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada

Patient Reported Experience In A Radiation Oncology Department, Demetra Yannitsos, Petra Grendarova, Abdulla Al-Rashdan, Linda Watson, Wendy Smith, Fiona Lochray, Jackson Wu, Lisa Barbera

Patient Experience Journal

Understanding patient experience is essential to providing high quality, person-centered care. A real-time baseline cross-sectional study was completed to identify gaps in patient experience that can be targeted for quality improvement (QI). This study is part of PROSE (Person-centered Radiation Oncology Service Enhancement), a QI initiative developed to improve patient experience at a tertiary cancer centre Radiation Oncology (RO) Department. Data was collected using the Your Voice Matters (YVM) questionnaire. The YVM captures information on the patient’s last visit, and questions are organized based on dimensions of person-centered care. Recruitment occurred between May and August 2019 in the radiation ...


An Artificial Intelligence Deep Learning Platform Achieves High Diagnostic Accuracy For Covid-19 Pneumonia By Reading Chest X-Ray Images, Dongguang Li, Shaoguang Li 2022 University of Massachusetts Medical School

An Artificial Intelligence Deep Learning Platform Achieves High Diagnostic Accuracy For Covid-19 Pneumonia By Reading Chest X-Ray Images, Dongguang Li, Shaoguang Li

COVID-19 Publications by UMass Chan Authors

The coronavirus disease of 2019 (Covid-19) causes deadly lung infections (pneumonia). Accurate clinical diagnosis of Covid-19 is essential for guiding treatment. Covid-19 RNA test does not reflect clinical features and severity of the disease. Pneumonia in Covid-19 patients could be caused by non-Covid-19 organisms and distinguishing Covid-19 pneumonia from non-Covid-19 pneumonia is critical. Chest X-ray detects pneumonia, but a high diagnostic accuracy is difficult to achieve. We develop an artificial intelligence-based (AI) deep learning method with a high diagnostic accuracy for Covid-19 pneumonia. We analyzed 10,182 chest X-ray images of healthy individuals, bacterial pneumonia. and viral pneumonia (Covid-19 and ...


Development Of A Dual Drug-Loaded, Surfactant-Stabilized Contrast Agent Containing Oxygen, Raj Patel, Quezia Lacerda, Brian E Oeffinger, John R. Eisenbrey, Ankit K. Rochani, Gagan Kaushal, Corinne Wessner, Margaret A Wheatley 2022 Drexel University

Development Of A Dual Drug-Loaded, Surfactant-Stabilized Contrast Agent Containing Oxygen, Raj Patel, Quezia Lacerda, Brian E Oeffinger, John R. Eisenbrey, Ankit K. Rochani, Gagan Kaushal, Corinne Wessner, Margaret A Wheatley

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Co-delivery of cancer therapeutics improves efficacy and encourages synergy, but delivery faces challenges, including multidrug resistance and spatiotemporal distribution of therapeutics. To address these, we added paclitaxel to previously developed acoustically labile, oxygen-core, surfactant-stabilized microbubbles encapsulating lonidamine, with the aim of developing an agent containing both a therapeutic gas and two drugs acting in combination. Upon comparison of unloaded, single-loaded, and dual-loaded microbubbles, size (~1.7 µm) and yield (~2 × 109 microbubbles/mL) (~1.7) were not statistically different, nor were acoustic properties (maximum in vitro enhancements roughly 18 dB, in vitro enhancements roughly 18 dB). Both drugs encapsulated above ...


The Benign Mimickers Of Carcinoma On Breast Mri, Irmak Durur-Subasi, Adem Karaman, Elif Demirci, Sare Sipal, Mufide Nuran Akcay 2022 Istanbul Medipol University, International Faculty of Medicine

The Benign Mimickers Of Carcinoma On Breast Mri, Irmak Durur-Subasi, Adem Karaman, Elif Demirci, Sare Sipal, Mufide Nuran Akcay

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The similarity between benign and malignant pathologies on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a wide-ranging variability of the lesions from benign proliferative changes to invasive breast carcinoma cause a lower and wide-ranging specificity of breast MRI relative to its surpass sensitivity. A wide range of tissue components such as the skin, the adipose tissue, vascular and neural tissues, connective tissues, glandular tissues, ducts, and muscle tissues are found here all together. This pictorial review was aimed at deliberating benign mimickers of breast carcinoma on MRI and trying to call attention to the overlapping and distinctive features.


Alpha-Fetoprotein (Afp) And Afp-L3 Is Most Useful In Detection Of Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients After Tumor Ablation And With Low Afp Level, Madison Force, Grace Park, Divya Chalikonda, Christopher G. Roth, Micah Cohen, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Hie-Won Hann 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Alpha-Fetoprotein (Afp) And Afp-L3 Is Most Useful In Detection Of Recurrence Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Patients After Tumor Ablation And With Low Afp Level, Madison Force, Grace Park, Divya Chalikonda, Christopher G. Roth, Micah Cohen, Dina Halegoua-De Marzio, Hie-Won Hann

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver and is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. While there are many risk factors for HCC including alcohol, obesity, and diabetes, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection still account for the majority of HCC worldwide. Globally, HBV is the leading risk factor for HCC. Patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and advanced liver disease are at high risk for HCC. Screening for HCC is done routinely with ultrasound with or without alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) at six-month intervals. The combination of ultrasound and AFP has been ...


Making Waves: How Ultrasound-Targeted Drug Delivery Is Changing Pharmaceutical Approaches., Lauren J Delaney, Selin Isguven, John R Eisenbrey, Noreen J Hickok, Flemming Forsberg 2022 Department of Radiology, Thomas Jefferson University, 132 S. 10th Street, Main 763, Philadelphia, 19107, PA, United States

Making Waves: How Ultrasound-Targeted Drug Delivery Is Changing Pharmaceutical Approaches., Lauren J Delaney, Selin Isguven, John R Eisenbrey, Noreen J Hickok, Flemming Forsberg

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Administration of drugs through oral and intravenous routes is a mainstay of modern medicine, but this approach suffers from limitations associated with off-target side effects and narrow therapeutic windows. It is often apparent that a controlled delivery of drugs, either localized to a specific site or during a specific time, can increase efficacy and bypass problems with systemic toxicity and insufficient local availability. To overcome some of these issues, local delivery systems have been devised, but most are still restricted in terms of elution kinetics, duration, and temporal control. Ultrasound-targeted drug delivery offers a powerful approach to increase delivery, therapeutic ...


Mcph1: A Novel Case Report And A Review Of The Literature, Stefano Giuseppe Caraffi, Marzia Pollazzon, Muhammad Farooq, Ambrin Fatima, Lars Allan Larsen, Roberta Zuntini, Manuela Napoli, Livia Garavelli 2022 Medical Genetics Unit, Azienda

Mcph1: A Novel Case Report And A Review Of The Literature, Stefano Giuseppe Caraffi, Marzia Pollazzon, Muhammad Farooq, Ambrin Fatima, Lars Allan Larsen, Roberta Zuntini, Manuela Napoli, Livia Garavelli

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Microcephaly primary hereditary (MCPH) is a congenital disease characterized by nonsyndromic reduction in brain size due to impaired neurogenesis, often associated with a variable degree of intellectual disability (ID). The genetic etiology of MCPH is heterogeneous and comprises more than 20 loci, nearly all following a recessive inheritance pattern. The first causative gene identified, MCPH1 or Microcephalin, encodes a centrosomal protein that modulates chromosome condensation and cell cycle progression. It is also involved in DNA damage response and telomere maintenance in the nucleus. Despite numerous studies on MCPH1 function, MCPH1-affected individuals are rare and the available clinical reports are not ...


18 Fdg Pet/Ct Imaging In Carcinoma Cesophagus, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima 2022 Aga Khan University

18 Fdg Pet/Ct Imaging In Carcinoma Cesophagus, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima

Department of Radiology

No abstract provided.


Virtual Meetings During Covid-19 Pandemic: Is It Time To Say Goodbye To Physical Meetings?, Maseeh uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima 2022 Aga Khan University

Virtual Meetings During Covid-19 Pandemic: Is It Time To Say Goodbye To Physical Meetings?, Maseeh Uz Zaman, Nosheen Fatima

Department of Radiology

Abstract are not provided by the author/publisher


Identifying The 'Vulnerable Plaque' In Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Disease Patients, Zia Ur Rehman 2022 Aga Khan University

Identifying The 'Vulnerable Plaque' In Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Disease Patients, Zia Ur Rehman

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Development And Validation Of Standard And Real Patient Gallstone Library Using Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Lena Jafri, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Humera Asif, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Hafsa Majid, Farooq Ghani, Sibtain Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib 2022 Aga Khan University

Development And Validation Of Standard And Real Patient Gallstone Library Using Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy, Lena Jafri, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Humera Asif, Syed Bilal Hashmi, Hafsa Majid, Farooq Ghani, Sibtain Ahmed, Imran Siddiqui, Aysha Habib

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Analysis of the constituents of gallstones using various spectroscopic techniques assists in identification of the pathogenesis of gallstones. In the current study, using Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR) Spectroscopy, a Gallstone Standard Library (GSL) and a Gallstone Real Patients' Library (GRPL) were developed and validated for gallstone composition analysis.
Methods: The study was conducted at the Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Aga Khan University, Pakistan. Pure standards (cholesterol, calcium carbonate, bilirubin and bile salts) and gallstone specimens were analyzed using FTIR Nicolet iS-5 Spectrometer from Thermo Fisher Scientific, USA. Thermo Scientific™ QCheck™ algorithm, embedded within the OMNIC™ software, was used ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants With And Without Aspirin: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Talal Almas, Adeena Musheer, Arooba Ejaz, Fahd Niaz Shaikh, Anousheh Awais Paracha, Fizza Raza, Maryam Sarwar Khan, Fahad Masood, Faiza Siddiqui, Muhammad Hasnain Mankani 2022 RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences

Efficacy And Safety Of Direct Oral Anticoagulants With And Without Aspirin: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Talal Almas, Adeena Musheer, Arooba Ejaz, Fahd Niaz Shaikh, Anousheh Awais Paracha, Fizza Raza, Maryam Sarwar Khan, Fahad Masood, Faiza Siddiqui, Muhammad Hasnain Mankani

Medical College Documents

Background: Various anticoagulant therapies are prescribed to patients under physicians' discretion and recently Direct Oral Anticoagulants(DOAC) have been under trials to evaluate their safety and efficacy. In addition to this, the regimen of DOACs and Aspirin is of keen interest as researchers continue to find an optimal regimen to treat blood clots in patients. This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and observational studies that asses the safety and efficacy of DOAC with and without Aspirin.
Methods: We queried MEDLINE and Cochrane CENTRAL from their inception to April 2021, for published and randomized ...


Practical Needs And Considerations For Refugees And Other Forcibly Displaced Persons With Neurological Disorders: Recommendations Using A Modified Delphi Approach, Shawheen Rezaei, Foksouna Sakadi, Fu-Liong Hiew, Ildefonso Rodriguez-Leyva, Jera Kruja, Mohammad Wasay, Osheik AbuAsha Seidi, Saad Abdel-Aziz, Shahriar Nafissi, Farrah Mateen 2022 Massachusetts General Hospital

Practical Needs And Considerations For Refugees And Other Forcibly Displaced Persons With Neurological Disorders: Recommendations Using A Modified Delphi Approach, Shawheen Rezaei, Foksouna Sakadi, Fu-Liong Hiew, Ildefonso Rodriguez-Leyva, Jera Kruja, Mohammad Wasay, Osheik Abuasha Seidi, Saad Abdel-Aziz, Shahriar Nafissi, Farrah Mateen

Section of Neurology

Background: There are >70 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, including refugees, internally displaced persons, and asylum seekers. While the health needs of forcibly displaced people have been characterized in the literature, more still needs to be done globally to translate this knowledge into effective policies and actions, particularly in neurology.
Methods: In 2020, a global network of published experts on neurological disease and refugees was convened. Nine physician experts from nine countries (2 low, 1 lower-middle income, 5 upper-middle, 1 high income) with experience treating displaced people originating from 18 countries participated in three survey and two discussion rounds in ...


Idiopathic Midaortic Syndrome, David Saul, Rahul Nikam, Vinay Kandula, Achala Donuru 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Idiopathic Midaortic Syndrome, David Saul, Rahul Nikam, Vinay Kandula, Achala Donuru

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Midaortic syndrome (MAS) is characterized by narrowing of the descending aorta between the distal aortic arch and the aortic bifurcation. We present the case of a 4-year-old male presenting with a murmur and diagnosed with MAS. He was treated with a thoracoabdominal bypass graft.


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