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Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan 2023 Children's Mercy Kansas City

Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: A portable, low-field MRI system is now Food and Drug Administration cleared and has been shown to be safe and useful in adult intensive care unit settings. No neonatal studies have been performed. The objective is to assess our preliminary experience and assess feasibility of using the portable MRI system at the bedside in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a quaternary children's hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-site prospective cohort study in neonates ≥2 kg conducted between October and December 2020. All parents provided informed consent. Neonates underwent portable MRI examination in the NICU with support …


Anxiety And Uterine Artery Doppler Flow In A Population Of Pregnant Women Of High Risk Down Syndrome Fetus: A Prospective Cohort Study, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Mehnoosh Torkzaban, Margan Ghaemi, Maryam Moshfeghi, Mahmood Shirazi, Maryam Emadzadeh, Lida Ahmadi, Zahra Khazaeipoor, Sara Mirzaeian 2023 Tehran University of Medical Sciences

Anxiety And Uterine Artery Doppler Flow In A Population Of Pregnant Women Of High Risk Down Syndrome Fetus: A Prospective Cohort Study, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Mehnoosh Torkzaban, Margan Ghaemi, Maryam Moshfeghi, Mahmood Shirazi, Maryam Emadzadeh, Lida Ahmadi, Zahra Khazaeipoor, Sara Mirzaeian

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Background: Fetal exposure to maternal anxiety is associated with low birth weight and maternal stress may be led to constriction of uterine arteries. This study compared the relation of anxiety and uterine artery doppler flow indices in pregnant women with the high and low-risk of Down syndrome.

Materials and methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted among pregnant women in the second trimester that were classified as having a high or low risk according to their prenatal aneuploidy screening outcome. The high risk group underwent amniocentesis. Anxiety was initially assessed using the Spielberger State-Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and uterine artery blood …


Ratio Of Vascular Pedicle Width And Thoracic Diameter To Differentiate Cardiogenic And Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, Rahmi Afifi, Achmad Fachri, Amir Sjarifuddin Madjid, Joedo Prihartono, Marcel Prasetyo, Andreas Christian 2022 Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia–Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo National Central General Hospital, Jakarta 10430, Indonesia

Ratio Of Vascular Pedicle Width And Thoracic Diameter To Differentiate Cardiogenic And Non-Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema, Rahmi Afifi, Achmad Fachri, Amir Sjarifuddin Madjid, Joedo Prihartono, Marcel Prasetyo, Andreas Christian

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Excess intravascular volume evaluation is essential in the intensive care unit (ICU); however, clinical information to differentiate cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema has been proven ineffective. Thus, this study aimed to distinguish cardiogenic from non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema using the ratio of vascular pedicle width (VPW) to thoracic diameter (VPTR).

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted based on secondary data from chest radiographs of 100 patients with clinical symptoms of pulmonary edema in the ICU from January 2013 to December 2015. Cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema were distinguished using VPW and cardiothoracic ratio measurements (CTR). VPTR was measured …


A Survey Based-Study Reviewing The Career Opportunities For Student In Radiological Technology, Tatiana Ryzhakova, Mikhail Kun, Peber DeJesus, Zoya Vinokur 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

A Survey Based-Study Reviewing The Career Opportunities For Student In Radiological Technology, Tatiana Ryzhakova, Mikhail Kun, Peber Dejesus, Zoya Vinokur

Publications and Research

Recent graduates lack the knowledge of many career opportunities there is after earning a Radiology Technology (RT) certification. The purpose of this study is to investigate how much knowledge students have as a student becomes certified for RT. This study will also represent RT workers' experience today. Questionnaires will be spread to the students in order to determine the level of knowledge of career opportunities they have in the career. The in-depth questions will target the career options in the radiology field; they also will include questions that ask for the age and demographics of students forming the part of …


Designing Of X-Ray Beams To Assess Mineral Loss In Dehydrated Fruits – Radiology Readiness During Climate Change, Angela Moore, Katie Tam 2022 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Designing Of X-Ray Beams To Assess Mineral Loss In Dehydrated Fruits – Radiology Readiness During Climate Change, Angela Moore, Katie Tam

Publications and Research

Key minerals such as iron, manganese and copper are necessary for optimal health and vitality of human beings. These minerals are within the biomolecules of food, particularly in fruits and are not detectable without destroying their natural biochemical roles. A compilation was done on average mineral compositions for multiple apple varieties from USDA and academic horticulture research labs to design the x-ray beams in the low energy ranges in our mammography system that provide “soft” x-rays for imaging light-weight atoms. In this project homemade external filters like Aluminum sheets, Iodine and Gadolinium contrast media were developed to modify low energy …


Developing A Patient Satisfaction Measure For Imaging-Based Patient Information During Clinical Consultations, Hindrik J.J. Pinkster, Anne M.L. Meesters, Frank F.A. IJpma, Erik Taal, Joep Kraeima, Peter M. Ten Klooster 2022 University of Twente

Developing A Patient Satisfaction Measure For Imaging-Based Patient Information During Clinical Consultations, Hindrik J.J. Pinkster, Anne M.L. Meesters, Frank F.A. Ijpma, Erik Taal, Joep Kraeima, Peter M. Ten Klooster

Patient Experience Journal

Different types of medical imaging are increasingly being used to explain specific aspects of injuries to patients during consultations. However, there are no validated questionnaires available yet that specifically measure patients’ satisfaction with the use of such images. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a patient-centred measure of satisfaction with the use of medical imaging modalities in clinical treatment. A preliminary 22-item version of the Questionnaire for Patient Satisfaction with Imaging (QPSI) was developed based on extant literature and interviews with trauma patients. Final item selection and psychometric evaluations were conducted amongst a sample of 106 …


Theragnostic Radionuclide Pairs For Prostate Cancer Management, Anupriya Chhabra, Mathew L Thakur 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Theragnostic Radionuclide Pairs For Prostate Cancer Management, Anupriya Chhabra, Mathew L Thakur

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the preeminent causes of mortality in men worldwide. Theragnostic, a combination of therapy and diagnostic, using radionuclide pairs to diagnose and treat disease, has been shown to be a promising approach for combating PCa. In PCa patients, bone is one of the most common sites of metastases, and about 90% of patients develop bone metastases. This review focuses on (i) clinically translated theragnostic radionuclide pairs for the management of PCa, (ii) radionuclide therapy of bone metastases in PCa, and (iii) a special emphasis on emerging theragnostic radionuclide pair, Copper-64/Copper-67 (64Cu/67Cu) …


Neurodevelopment Assessment Of Small For Gestational Age Children In A Community-Based Cohort From Pakistan, Sabahat Naz, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Ali Jaffar, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Babar Hasan, Devyani Chowdhury, Melissa Gladstone 2022 Aga Khan University

Neurodevelopment Assessment Of Small For Gestational Age Children In A Community-Based Cohort From Pakistan, Sabahat Naz, Zahra Hoodbhoy, Ali Jaffar, Sidra Kaleem Jafri, Babar Hasan, Devyani Chowdhury, Melissa Gladstone

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Children born small for gestational age (SGA) may experience more long-term neurodevelopmental issues than those born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). This study aimed to assess differences in the neurodevelopment of children born SGA or AGA within a periurban community in Pakistan.
Methods: This was a prospective cohort study in which study participants were followed from the pilot Doppler cohort study conducted in 2018. This pilot study aimed to develop a pregnancy risk stratification model using machine learning on fetal Dopplers. This project identified 119 newborns who were born SGA (2.4±0.4 kg) based on International Fetal and Newborn Growth …


Prostate Imaging Reporting And Data System Score (Pi-Rads) And Glutathione S-Transferase P1 Methylation Status (Gst-P1) In The Diagnosis Of Prostate Cancer Patients With Borderline Psa Values, Marius Stan, Vladimir Botnarciuc, Andra Iulia Suceveanu, Andreea Cristina Costea, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Laura Mazilu, Ciprian Iorga, Tony Hangan, Corneliu Tudor, Dragos Epistatu, Sergiu Chirila, Viorel Gherghina, Felix Voinea 2022 Valparaiso University

Prostate Imaging Reporting And Data System Score (Pi-Rads) And Glutathione S-Transferase P1 Methylation Status (Gst-P1) In The Diagnosis Of Prostate Cancer Patients With Borderline Psa Values, Marius Stan, Vladimir Botnarciuc, Andra Iulia Suceveanu, Andreea Cristina Costea, Adrian Paul Suceveanu, Laura Mazilu, Ciprian Iorga, Tony Hangan, Corneliu Tudor, Dragos Epistatu, Sergiu Chirila, Viorel Gherghina, Felix Voinea

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential use of Prostate Imaging – Reporting and Data System version 2 (PI-RADS) in combination with Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GST-P1) expression for an improved diagnosis of prostate cancer, in patients with inconclusive values of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Materials and Methods. The study was conducted on 80 patients for whom PSA values were evaluated and were found to be inconclusive (4-10 ng/ml). These patients underwent imagistic evaluation (PI-RADS), followed by transurethral prostate biopsy, with the evaluation of GST-P1 expression and histopathological examination (for diagnosis confirmation). Results. By combining the results of …


Removal Of Permanent Ivc Filter, Sarah Aleman, Hector Ferral 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Removal Of Permanent Ivc Filter, Sarah Aleman, Hector Ferral

Medical Research Day

A 53-year-old woman with history of Crohn’s disease was referred to interventional radiology for inferior vena cava (IVC) filter removal with the diagnosis of a fractured IVC filter. At the time of evaluation, in early 2022, the patient reported back pain. No imaging was available when the patient was first seen. The IVC filter was originally placed in 2011. The indication for filter placement was the presence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) shortly after small bowel resection. At the time, anticoagulation was contraindicated. Upon spectral CT imaging, several legs of the IVC filter were found to be protruding outside the …


Pulmonary Pseudoaneurysm Due To Penetrating Thoracic Trauma, Michael McMahon, Andrew Ea, Hector Ferral 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Pulmonary Pseudoaneurysm Due To Penetrating Thoracic Trauma, Michael Mcmahon, Andrew Ea, Hector Ferral

Medical Research Day

Background: Pulmonary artery pseudoaneurysm (PAP) is a rare but potentially lethal condition. Acquired PAPs are most commonly caused by iatrogenic trauma and infectious disease. Infectious causes include bacterial endocarditis, tuberculosis, mucormycosis, and pyogenic infection. Traumatic PAPs can be caused iatrogenically by pulmonary artery catheterization. Very few cases have been described of patients developing PAP as a complication of a gunshot wound to the chest. Radiologic findings of PAP include hilar enlargement or a new focal lung mass on chest radiograph. CT angiography shows saccular or fusiform areas of dilatation with homogenous contrast filling which occurs simultaneously with the pulmonary artery. …


Osteomyelitis Of The Clivus Secondary To Mucormycosis: A Rare Case Study, Davin Evanson, Ramiz Ahmad, Michael Romeo DO 2022 Drexel University College of Medicine

Osteomyelitis Of The Clivus Secondary To Mucormycosis: A Rare Case Study, Davin Evanson, Ramiz Ahmad, Michael Romeo Do

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Technical Adaptations For Cardiac Sodium Mri, Taylor L. Marcus

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cardiac sodium (Na+) MRI has the potential to unveil relationships between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Unfortunately, this modality requires many technical adaptations before it’s possible to extract and compare image data between individuals. This study investigated whether cardiac electrocardiogram (ECG) gating could improve image quality, and whether a uniform phantom could increase signal uniformity if a surface coil is used to acquire the image. Healthy participants were imaged with a custom-built surface coil and 3.0-T MR system. Cardiac gated images presented with a decreased signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), but intensity correction significantly increased image signal …


Factors Influencing The Use Of Postoperative Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (Bipap) In Patients Undergoing Adult Cardiac Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Syed Shabbir Ahmed, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Khalid Samad, Hameed Ullah, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui 2022 Aga Khan University

Factors Influencing The Use Of Postoperative Bilevel Positive Airway Pressure (Bipap) In Patients Undergoing Adult Cardiac Surgery: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Syed Shabbir Ahmed, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Khalid Samad, Hameed Ullah, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui

Department of Anaesthesia

Background and aims: Respiratory complications are one of the biggest challenges following cardiac surgery, which can lead to hypoxia and acute respiratory failure (ARF). The aim of this study to identify the factors led to BiPAP application for postoperative respiratory complications and its effectiveness as the main outcome measures after cardiac surgery.
Methods: It was a retrospective cohort study with consecutive sampling technique. A total of 335 postcardiac surgery patients medical record was reviewed who were underwent for surgery from November 1, 2018 to November 30, 2019. 265 patients were finalized for the recruitment, five patients were excluded before the …


Surgical And Oncological Outcomes Of Hepatic Resection For Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Report From A Low Volume Centre In A Developing Country, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Saleema Begum, Muhammad Tayyab Ul Hasan Siddiqui 2022 Aga Khan University

Surgical And Oncological Outcomes Of Hepatic Resection For Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Report From A Low Volume Centre In A Developing Country, Muhammad Rizwan Khan, Saleema Begum, Muhammad Tayyab Ul Hasan Siddiqui

Section of General Surgery

Objective: To review the surgical and oncological outcomes of patients who underwent hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
Study design: Cohort study.
Place and duration of study: Department of Surgery of the Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi, from 2008 to 2019.
Methodology: Consecutive patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC at the Hospital were included. The data were collected and analysed on aspects including demographics, liver function status, tumour characteristics, perioperative management, and surgical and oncological outcomes. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and log-rank test was applied to determine the influence of variables on overall and disease-free …


Time For Reintroducing Hpv Vaccine In Pakistan For Primary Prevention Of Cervical Cancer, Uzma Shamsi, Afshan Anwar, Zainab Samad 2022 Aga Khan University

Time For Reintroducing Hpv Vaccine In Pakistan For Primary Prevention Of Cervical Cancer, Uzma Shamsi, Afshan Anwar, Zainab Samad

Community Health Sciences

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Malpositioned Endotracheal Tube With Resultant Left Lung Collapse., Anushri Naga, Anushri Naga 2022 JSS Academy Of Higher Education And Research

A Case Of Malpositioned Endotracheal Tube With Resultant Left Lung Collapse., Anushri Naga, Anushri Naga

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

BACKGROUND

ENDOTRACHEAL INTUBATION IS USUALLY DONE AS A PART OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT OF PATIENTS WITH A THREATENED AIRWAY AND GENERAL ANAESTHSIA, IN ORDER TO ENSURE PATENCY OF THE AIRWAY AS WELL AS PROPER VENTILATION. POSITIONING AN ET TUBE CORRECTLY IS OF PARAMOUNT IMPORTANCE IN ORDER TO PREVENT HYPOVENTILATION, INAPPROPRIATE VENTILATION AND ALSO COLLAPSE OF LUNG DUE TO MALPOSITIONING OF ET TUBE.

ETT POSITION IS USUALLY ASSESSED USING FRONTAL CHEST RADIOGRAPH. THE POSITION OF THE ETT IS DEPENDENT ON THE POSITION OF THE HEAD & NECK. THE MANDIBLE CAN BE USED FOR ASSESSMENT OF WHETHER THE NECK IS IN A NEUTRAL …


Breast Cancer In A Teenage Girl With Brca Mutation: A Case Report From A Low Middle-Income Country, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Danish Ali, Syeda Amrah Hashmi, Meher Angez 2022 Aga Khan University

Breast Cancer In A Teenage Girl With Brca Mutation: A Case Report From A Low Middle-Income Country, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Danish Ali, Syeda Amrah Hashmi, Meher Angez

Section of General Surgery

Introduction: A staggering majority of pediatric breast masses are benign (mostly fibroadenoma) and so a biopsy is not readily performed as it can potentially lead to a future breast disfigurement. However, this should not be standard practice as this can lead to a delayed diagnosis, and hence, the treatment of pediatric breast cancer (BC); this was also seen in our patient's scenario.
Case history: Here, we report the case of the youngest known breast cancer patient in Pakistan, a 15-year-old girl. The right-sided breast lump which was diagnosed clinically as a fibroadenoma later turned out to be stage IIb pT3N0M0 …


Periprosthetic Knee Infection After Benign Tumor Excision Complicated By Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: A Case Report, Jennifer Adams, Daniel Habenicht, Duncan C. Ramsey 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Periprosthetic Knee Infection After Benign Tumor Excision Complicated By Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae: A Case Report, Jennifer Adams, Daniel Habenicht, Duncan C. Ramsey

MEDI 9331 Scholarly Activities Clinical Years

Introduction

Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a major complication after total knee arthroscopy. Enterobacter is a rare cause of PJI.

Case presentation

We present a 65 year old Caucasian man who presented with acute right knee PJI with Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) two months after undergoing right knee intra-articular mass removal with endoprosthetic reconstruction. The periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) was treated with revision with 1-stage static spacer and IV meropenem.

Discussion

CRE is an uncommon cause of PJI, but when it does occur, it commonly infects patients who are immunosuppressed or have specific risk factors. For an immunocompetent patient with CRE …


Menstrual Irregularities Following Covid-19 Vaccination: A Global Cross-Sectional Survey, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Zainab Nadeem, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda 2022 Aga Khan University

Menstrual Irregularities Following Covid-19 Vaccination: A Global Cross-Sectional Survey, Azza Sarfraz, Zouina Sarfraz, Muzna Sarfraz, Zainab Nadeem, Miguel Felix, Ivan Cherrez-Ojeda

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Introduction: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccination generates protective immunity against SARS-CoV-2 infection. There is no clear evidence of COVID-19 vaccine-induced menstrual irregularities.
Objective: To identify potential menstrual irregularities following COVID-19 vaccine among females.
Methods: A worldwide cross-sectional survey study was conducted from June 10, 2021, to July 10, 2021 using online mediums. The survey consisted of 15 questions divided into baseline characteristics, vaccination status and dosage, menstruation and relate factors, and thoughts and knowledge about menstrual irregularities. Non-probability convenience sampling method was used including 510 responses. The results were tabulated, with bivariate analysis and chi-square test results. The sensitivity …


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