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Potential Therapeutic Effects Of Snake Venom Components On Pain Management In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients, Maggie Metzger 2021 Portland State University

Potential Therapeutic Effects Of Snake Venom Components On Pain Management In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients, Maggie Metzger

University Honors Theses

This paper reviews the existing literature on the uses of snake venom in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and pain management. Venom from the families Elapidae and Viperidae have been shown to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. The analgesic findings of research on arthritis murine models are discussed, and the existing uses of snake venom in medicine to suggest the therapeutic potential of venom in the pain management of rheumatoid arthritis are taken into account. Snake venom has anti-inflammatory effects by reducing levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines and increasing levels of anti-inflammatory cytokines. Additionally, snake venom can reduce structural damage from ...


Enhanced Arthrocentesis Of The Flexed Knee With Pneumatic Compression, Sumir Brahmbhatt, Maheswari Muruganandam, Ahsan Iqbal, David Cisneros, Adnan Kiani, Nicole Suzanne Emil, Sharon Nunez, William Hayward, Philip Band, Wilmer Sibbitt Jr. 2021 University of New Mexico

Enhanced Arthrocentesis Of The Flexed Knee With Pneumatic Compression, Sumir Brahmbhatt, Maheswari Muruganandam, Ahsan Iqbal, David Cisneros, Adnan Kiani, Nicole Suzanne Emil, Sharon Nunez, William Hayward, Philip Band, Wilmer Sibbitt Jr.

Quality Improvement/Patient Safety Symposium

Background/Objective: To explore an alternative to standard extended knee arthrocentesis using pneumatic compression of the flexed knee.

Methods: Using a paired sample design, 41 consecutive effusive knees underwent arthrocentesis in the flexed knee position first without and then with pneumatic compression of suprapatellar bursa. Arthrocentesis success and fluid yield in milliliters (ml) were measured. For comparison 41 consecutive patients who had undergone extended knee arthrocentesis without and with compression were also studied.

Results: Successful diagnostic arthrocentesis (≥ 3 ml) of the effusive flexed knee was 85% (35/41) without compression and increased significantly to 100% (41/41) with pneumatic compression ...


Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle McVeigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz 2021 University of Kentucky

Cardiovascular Complications Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Impact Of Risk Factors And Therapeutic Efficacy--A Tertiary Centre Experience In An Appalachian State, Elise Danielle Mcveigh, Amna Batool, Arnold J. Stromberg, Ahmed K. Abdel-Latif, Nayef Mohammed Kazzaz

Statistics Faculty Publications

OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular complications became a notable cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with lupus as therapeutic advancements became more efficient at managing other complications. The Appalachian community in Kentucky has a higher prevalence of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, predisposing them to cardiovascular events. Namely, the mean body mass index of the members of the Kentucky Appalachian community was reported at 33 kg/m2 and 94.3% of male members of this community use tobacco. We sought to identify risk factors that predispose patients with lupus to cardiovascular morbidities and examine the effect of immunomodulatory drugs.

METHODS: We identified ...


Localization Of Hand And Wrist Anatomic Structures Among Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Residents: Implication Of Ultrasonography In Palpation Skill Verification, Se Won Lee, Phuong Uyen Le, Craig Van Dien, Stefanie Lai, Eric Aguila 2021 Sunrise Health GME Consortium

Localization Of Hand And Wrist Anatomic Structures Among Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Residents: Implication Of Ultrasonography In Palpation Skill Verification, Se Won Lee, Phuong Uyen Le, Craig Van Dien, Stefanie Lai, Eric Aguila

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Objective

The objective of this cross-sectional study is to evaluate the accuracy of physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) resident palpation skills of hand and wrist joint and soft tissue structures using ultrasonography (US) verification.

Methods

PM&R residents palpated hand and wrist anatomic structures in an outpatient musculoskeletal (MSK) clinic. Once the presumed structures were localized, residents marked a one centimeter size circle on the overlying skin with an ink marker. The accuracy of the circle over the joint line and soft tissue structures was verified using US.

Results

Overall palpation accuracy for 16 joint line and soft tissue ...


Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran 2021 Aga Khan University

Need For Clinical Guidelines For Management Of Osteoporosis And Way Forward For Pakistan, Aysha Habib Khan, Manju Chandran

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis: A Survey Of Down Syndrome Clinic Providers., Jordan T. Jones, Chelsey Smith, Nasreen Talib 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Assessment Of Down Syndrome-Associated Arthritis: A Survey Of Down Syndrome Clinic Providers., Jordan T. Jones, Chelsey Smith, Nasreen Talib

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

No abstract provided.


Challenges In Medicine: The Odyssey Of A Patient With Isolated Igg4-Related Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis Presenting As A Locally Destructive Sinonasal Mass, Snigdha Nutalapati, Richard O'Neal, William O'Connor, Brett T. Comer, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt 2021 University of Kentucky

Challenges In Medicine: The Odyssey Of A Patient With Isolated Igg4-Related Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis Presenting As A Locally Destructive Sinonasal Mass, Snigdha Nutalapati, Richard O'Neal, William O'Connor, Brett T. Comer, Gerhard C. Hildebrandt

Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery Faculty Publications

Eosinophilic angiocentric fibrosis (EAF) is an exceeding rare clinical entity and is considered a part of the spectrum of IgG4-related disease (IgG4RD). We hereby present such an unusual case of a 60-year-old female who presented to us with recurrent sinonasal mass, after a decade long haul of multiple clinical evaluations, biopsies, and debulking surgery without a definitive diagnosis. Over this period, the mass eroded through the ethmoid cells along with nasal septal destruction leading to saddle nose deformity, extended superiorly through the cribriform plates to right frontal lobe, and compressed the optic nerve leading to visual loss. Although initial biopsy ...


Exploring Pediatric Tele-Rheumatology Practices During Covid-19: A Survey Of The Prcoin Network., Y Ingrid Goh, Danielle R. Bullock, Janalee Taylor, Rajdeep Pooni, Tzielan C. Lee, Sheetal S. Vora, Cagri Yildirim-Toruner, Esi M. Morgan, Nancy Pan, Julia G. Harris, Andrew Warmin, Kendra Wiegand, Jon M. Burnham, Fatima Barbar-Smiley 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Exploring Pediatric Tele-Rheumatology Practices During Covid-19: A Survey Of The Prcoin Network., Y Ingrid Goh, Danielle R. Bullock, Janalee Taylor, Rajdeep Pooni, Tzielan C. Lee, Sheetal S. Vora, Cagri Yildirim-Toruner, Esi M. Morgan, Nancy Pan, Julia G. Harris, Andrew Warmin, Kendra Wiegand, Jon M. Burnham, Fatima Barbar-Smiley

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Healthcare providers were rapidly forced to modify the way they practiced medicine during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Many providers transitioned from seeing their patients in person to virtually using telemedicine platforms with limited training and experience using this medium. In pediatric rheumatology, this was further complicated as musculoskeletal exams typically require hands-on assessment of patients. The objective of this study was to examine the adoption of telemedicine into pediatric rheumatology practices, to assess its benefits and challenges, and to gather opinions on its continued use. A survey was sent to the lead representatives of each Pediatric Rheumatology Care ...


Engaging Patients And Parents To Improve Mental Health Intervention For Youth With Rheumatological Disease., Oluwatunmise A. Fawole, Michelle V. Reed, Julia G. Harris, Aimee Hersh, Martha Rodriguez, Karen Onel, Erica Lawson, Tamar Rubinstein, Kaveh Ardalan, Esi Morgan, Anne Paul, Judy Barlin, R Paola Daly, Mitali Dave, Shannon Malloy, Shari Hume, Suzanne Schrandt, Laura Marrow, Angela Chapson, Donna Napoli, Michael Napoli, Miranda Moyer, Vincent Delgaizo, Ashley Danguecan, Emily von Scheven, Andrea Knight, CARRA Investigators 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Engaging Patients And Parents To Improve Mental Health Intervention For Youth With Rheumatological Disease., Oluwatunmise A. Fawole, Michelle V. Reed, Julia G. Harris, Aimee Hersh, Martha Rodriguez, Karen Onel, Erica Lawson, Tamar Rubinstein, Kaveh Ardalan, Esi Morgan, Anne Paul, Judy Barlin, R Paola Daly, Mitali Dave, Shannon Malloy, Shari Hume, Suzanne Schrandt, Laura Marrow, Angela Chapson, Donna Napoli, Michael Napoli, Miranda Moyer, Vincent Delgaizo, Ashley Danguecan, Emily Von Scheven, Andrea Knight, Carra Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Mental health disorders are common in youth with rheumatological disease yet optimal intervention strategies are understudied in this population. We examined patient and parent perspectives on mental health intervention for youth with rheumatological disease.

METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods cross-sectional study, via anonymous online survey, developed by researchers together with patient/parent partners, to quantitatively and qualitatively examine youth experiences with mental health services and resources in North America. Patients ages 14-24 years with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, juvenile dermatomyositis, or systemic lupus erythematous, and parents of patients ages 8-24 with these diseases were eligible (not required to participate ...


Duration Of Rheumatoid Arthritis And The Risk Of Developing Interstitial Lung Disease, Michael P. Mohning, Isabelle Amigues, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Evans R. Fernández Pérez, Tristan J. Huie, Rebecca K. Keith, Amy L. Olson, Zulma X. Yunt, Jonathan H. Chung, Stephen B. Hobbs, Jeffrey J. Swigris, Joshua J. Solomon 2021 National Jewish Health

Duration Of Rheumatoid Arthritis And The Risk Of Developing Interstitial Lung Disease, Michael P. Mohning, Isabelle Amigues, M. Kristen Demoruelle, Evans R. Fernández Pérez, Tristan J. Huie, Rebecca K. Keith, Amy L. Olson, Zulma X. Yunt, Jonathan H. Chung, Stephen B. Hobbs, Jeffrey J. Swigris, Joshua J. Solomon

Radiology Faculty Publications

Age of ILD onset is similar in patients with RA-UIP and RA-NSIP but duration of RA before ILD onset differs.


Efficacy And Safety Of Biosimilar Ct-P17 Versus Reference Adalimumab In Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis: 24-Week Results From A Randomized Study, Jonathan Kay, Edward Keystone 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Efficacy And Safety Of Biosimilar Ct-P17 Versus Reference Adalimumab In Subjects With Rheumatoid Arthritis: 24-Week Results From A Randomized Study, Jonathan Kay, Edward Keystone

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

BACKGROUND: To demonstrate equivalent efficacy of the proposed high-concentration (100 mg/ml), citrate-free adalimumab biosimilar CT-P17 to European Union-approved adalimumab (EU-adalimumab) in subjects with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS: This randomized, double-blind phase III study ( ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT03789292) randomized (1:1) subjects with active RA at 52 centers to receive CT-P17 or EU-adalimumab 40 mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks until week 52. Results to week 24 are reported here. The primary endpoint was 20% improvement by American College of Rheumatology criteria (ACR20) response rate at week 24. Equivalence was concluded if the corresponding confidence intervals (CIs) for the estimate of ...


Filgotinib In Combination With Methotrexate Or As Monotherapy Versus Methotrexate Monotherapy In Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis And Limited Or No Prior Exposure To Methotrexate: The Phase 3, Randomised Controlled Finch 3 Trial, Rene Westhovens, Jonathan Kay 2021 Catholic University of Leuven

Filgotinib In Combination With Methotrexate Or As Monotherapy Versus Methotrexate Monotherapy In Patients With Active Rheumatoid Arthritis And Limited Or No Prior Exposure To Methotrexate: The Phase 3, Randomised Controlled Finch 3 Trial, Rene Westhovens, Jonathan Kay

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVES: To investigate efficacy and safety of the Janus kinase-1 inhibitor filgotinib in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with limited or no prior methotrexate (MTX) exposure.

METHODS: This 52-week, phase 3, multicentre, double-blind clinical trial (NCT02886728) evaluated once-daily oral filgotinib in 1252 patients with RA randomised 2:1:1:2 to filgotinib 200 mg with MTX (FIL200 +MTX), filgotinib 100 mg with MTX (FIL100 +MTX), filgotinib 200 mg monotherapy (FIL200), or MTX. The primary endpoint was proportion achieving 20% improvement in American College of Rheumatology criteria (ACR20) at week 24.

RESULTS: The primary endpoint was achieved by 81% of ...


Patient-Reported Outcomes Data In Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis From A Randomised Trial Of Etanercept And Methotrexate As Monotherapy Or In Combination., Vibeke Strand, Philip Mease, Ervant J Maksabedian Hernandez, Bradley S Stolshek, Lyrica X H Liu, David H Collier, Gregory Kricorian, Joseph F Merola 2021 Swedish Medical Center

Patient-Reported Outcomes Data In Patients With Psoriatic Arthritis From A Randomised Trial Of Etanercept And Methotrexate As Monotherapy Or In Combination., Vibeke Strand, Philip Mease, Ervant J Maksabedian Hernandez, Bradley S Stolshek, Lyrica X H Liu, David H Collier, Gregory Kricorian, Joseph F Merola

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

OBJECTIVES: We examined patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in The Study of Etanercept And Methotrexate in Patients with Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA); a 48-week, phase 3, randomised controlled trial that compared outcomes with methotrexate (MTX) monotherapy, etanercept monotherapy, and MTX+ etanercept in patients with PsA.

METHODS: Efficacy endpoints included: mean changes from baseline and proportion of patients who reported improvements≥minimal clinically important difference (MCID) at week 24 in treatment groups for Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, Patient Global Assessment (PtGA), Patient Global Assessment of Joint Pain (PtGAJP) and Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Questionnaire (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS), and Mental Component Summary ...


The Quality Of Intervention Reporting In Trials Of Therapeutic Exercise For Hip Osteoarthritis: A Secondary Analysis Of A Systematic Review, Louise C. Burgess, Thomas C. Wainwright, Khara A. James, Johan von Heideken, Maura D. Iversen 2021 Orthopaedic Research Institute, Bournemouth University

The Quality Of Intervention Reporting In Trials Of Therapeutic Exercise For Hip Osteoarthritis: A Secondary Analysis Of A Systematic Review, Louise C. Burgess, Thomas C. Wainwright, Khara A. James, Johan Von Heideken, Maura D. Iversen

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Background: Therapeutic exercise is recommended as a core treatment for hip osteoarthritis (HOA). Whilst it is widely accepted that exercise can improve pain and disability, optimal type and dose of exercise are yet to be agreed upon. This may, in part, be attributed to the wide variation and inadequate reporting of interventions within the literature. This study evaluates the quality of intervention reporting among trials of therapeutic exercise in HOA.

Methods: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were sourced in a systematic review, completed in August 2020. Two raters independently used the Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) and Consensus on ...


Multi-Digit Auto-Amputation In Setting Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Kishan P. Patel, Jennifer L. Medlin, Michelene Hearth-Holmes 2020 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Multi-Digit Auto-Amputation In Setting Of Mixed Connective Tissue Disease, Kishan P. Patel, Jennifer L. Medlin, Michelene Hearth-Holmes

Graduate Medical Education Research Journal

Raynaud’s disease is a cutaneous manifestation often present in various connective tissue and vascular diseases. Depending on the age of onset and acuity of symptoms, the phenomenon can provide clinicians with some insight as to the severity of underlying disease, including the distinction between primary and secondary Raynaud’s. However, this diagnostic approach seems to have its limitations regarding efficacy and timing of treatment. Traditionally, treatment of Raynaud’s has focused on reestablishing blood perfusion to affected tissue, which has previously been achieved with vasodilatory medications and site-specific surgical intervention. In lieu of the severe sequelae of Raynaud’s ...


Hydroxychloroquine And The Risk Of Respiratory Infections Among Ra Patients, Joel M. Kremer, George W. Reed, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Leslie R. Harrold, Kevin J. Kane, Jeffrey Greenberg, Kevin Winthrop 2020 Albany Medical College

Hydroxychloroquine And The Risk Of Respiratory Infections Among Ra Patients, Joel M. Kremer, George W. Reed, Dimitrios A. Pappas, Leslie R. Harrold, Kevin J. Kane, Jeffrey Greenberg, Kevin Winthrop

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of hydroxychloroquine on the incidence of new respiratory infections in a large registry of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients compared with a matched cohort receiving other conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs).

METHODS: We reviewed physician-reported infections including upper respiratory infections (URI), bronchitis and pneumonia in the Corrona RA registry from June 2008 to February 2020 with the goal of comparing infections in biologic/targeted synthetic (b/ts) DMARDs naive HCQ starts compared with starts of other csDMARDs and no HCQ. Patients on different interventions were compared using time-varying adjusted Cox models adjusting for age, sex, duration ...


Joint Protection Programs For People With Hand Arthritis, Pavlos Bobos 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Joint Protection Programs For People With Hand Arthritis, Pavlos Bobos

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The fact that Joint Protection Programs (JPP) can reduce pain and improve function is based on small, but definitive Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), conducted in the 1980s. However, changes over time in the nature of hand use, the rapid expansion of technology, and improvements in our understanding of health literacy mean that these programs are now outdated. Further, problems with adherence to JPP are well documented. The purpose of this thesis was 1) to conduct a scoping review to map all the available evidence around joint protection programs in published and unpublished studies 2) to evaluate the effectiveness of joint ...


Il-1 Inhibitor Anakinra Is An Effective Alternative To Standard Treatments For Reducing Pain Due To Acute Gout Flare, Cheryl Craig 2020 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Il-1 Inhibitor Anakinra Is An Effective Alternative To Standard Treatments For Reducing Pain Due To Acute Gout Flare, Cheryl Craig

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising Janssen CA, Voshaar MAHO, Vonkeman HE, et al. Anakinra for the treatment of acute gout flares: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, active-comparator, non-inferiority trial. Rheumatology. 2019;58(8):1344-1352. https://doi.org/10.1093/rheumatology/key402 for a patient with an acute gouty attack refractory to standard treatment.


Changes In Selected Haematological Parameters Associated With Jak1/Jak2 Inhibition Observed In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated With Baricitinib, Jonathan Kay, Masayoshi Harigai, Josh Rancourt, Christina Dickson, Thomas Melby, Maher Issa, Inmaculada de la Torre, Yoshitaka Isaka, Anabela Cardoso, Chadi Saifan, Edward C. Keystone, Ronald F. van Vollenhoven, Jon T. Giles, Tom Wj. Huizinga, Joel M. Kremer 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Changes In Selected Haematological Parameters Associated With Jak1/Jak2 Inhibition Observed In Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis Treated With Baricitinib, Jonathan Kay, Masayoshi Harigai, Josh Rancourt, Christina Dickson, Thomas Melby, Maher Issa, Inmaculada De La Torre, Yoshitaka Isaka, Anabela Cardoso, Chadi Saifan, Edward C. Keystone, Ronald F. Van Vollenhoven, Jon T. Giles, Tom Wj. Huizinga, Joel M. Kremer

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

OBJECTIVE: To characterise changes in selected haematological parameters following once-daily oral baricitinib dosing.

METHODS: Data were pooled from eight randomised clinical trials (four phase 3, three phase 2, one phase 1b) and one long-term extension. Changes in haematological parameters were evaluated up to 128 weeks (N=2387); overall safety of baricitinib was assessed up to 6 years (N=3492).

RESULTS: Mean absolute neutrophil counts decreased (-1.36x10(9)/L) within 1 month, followed by stabilisation within the normal reference range through week 128. The incidence of serious infections was not elevated in patients with neutropenia during the 24-week placebo-controlled period ...


Measures Of Pediatric Function And Physical Activity In Arthritis, Anna E. Greer, Maura D. Iversen 2020 Sacred Heart University

Measures Of Pediatric Function And Physical Activity In Arthritis, Anna E. Greer, Maura D. Iversen

Exercise Science Faculty Publications

Physical function can be assessed through physical examination with the use of performance-based measures and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs). Each form of assessment provides a unique contribution to the understanding of the impact of rheumatologic conditions on the patient. PROMs of physical function (PF) are an important component of the assessment of children with arthritis and have been included in the recommended core set of measures for childhood arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions. These measures provide the child’s or parent’s perspective of function within the context of daily living. Measures of PF include both generic measures, which are designed ...


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