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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome For The Pcp, Madeline Taskier, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome For The Pcp, Madeline Taskier, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives

  • Define PCOS
  • Outline varying diagnostic criteria
  • Briefly review pathophysiology and diagnostic approach
  • Review primary care management of PCOS symptoms
  • Summarize role of PCP for clinical monitoring
  • Explore influence of PCOS on fertility and pregnancy


Loss Of Obstetric Services In Rural Appalachia: A Qualitative Study Of Community Perceptions, Caroline R. Efird, David Dry, Rachel F. Seidman 2021 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Loss Of Obstetric Services In Rural Appalachia: A Qualitative Study Of Community Perceptions, Caroline R. Efird, David Dry, Rachel F. Seidman

Journal of Appalachian Health

Background: As rural hospitals across the United States increasingly downsize or close, the availability of inpatient obstetric services continues to decline in rural areas. In rural Appalachia, the termination of obstetric services threatens to exacerbate the existing risk of adverse birth outcomes for women and infants, yet less is known about how the cessation of these services affects the broader community.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain how the loss of local obstetric services affects perceptions of healthcare among multi-generational residents of a remote, rural Appalachian community in western North Carolina.

Methods: An interdisciplinary team of researchers ...


Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Prenatal dietary education is a very important component of care in healthy pregnancies, but more than that, dietary education can be an indicator of the value a healthcare provider places on holistic care or preventive medicine. The United States and Ireland are compared in this study because they represent high intervention vs. low intervention approaches, respectively, to obstetric care. Healthcare professionals from the United States and Ireland perceive the most important nutrients and method of receiving those differently. Maybe the most telling contrast, healthcare professionals in Ireland perceive food as the way pregnant women should receive vital nutrients, but healthcare ...


The Impact Of Menstrual Hygiene Management Interventions On Adolescent Female’S School Attendance In Middle- And Low- Income Countries: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, McKenzie Canon 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Impact Of Menstrual Hygiene Management Interventions On Adolescent Female’S School Attendance In Middle- And Low- Income Countries: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Mckenzie Canon

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Menstruation is an ongoing biological process that affects a large portion of the population and requires consistent health and medical care. However, menstruation does not affect women and girls equally in resource-poor communities and girl-unfriendly schools, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Without proper menstrual hygiene management (MHM) and menstrual health and hygiene (MHH), girl’s attendance at school is reported to decline or cease altogether. Providing the proper resources to fulfill women’s and girl’s menstrual hygiene needs may impact female’s attendance rates at school, and furthering women’s education is fundamental in advancing female’s ...


Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell 2021 Wright State University

Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Genetic Carrier Screening (GCS) is a genetic test that allows patients to find out if they carry genes for certain genetic disorders. The results of the test enable patients to make changes to their family planning decisions and prenatal care when appropriate and allow them the opportunity to seek further medical and social support. Despite these health benefits and notable clinical utility of GCS, GCS has not been utilized in most nations due to moral and ethical controversy among the public. Previous studies have demonstrated patients’ ethnicity, socio-demographic (age, education) and economic factors were associated with the patient’s intention ...


Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and wound infiltration with local anesthetics are shown to reduce opiate use and pain scores when compared to controls who received narcotic pain medications. With the current opiate epidemic, finding different ways to control pain without opiates is important,-to prevent unnecessary use of these drugs and reduce the potential for addiction in patients having a Cesarean delivery who often times receive opiate medications on schedule regardless of their reported pain.


The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The purpose of this study is to determine whether drawing anatomical structures and teaching it virtually to others improves student confidence in remembering anatomy and improves student perceptions of OB/GYN anatomy in the obstetrics and gynecology core clerkship. Active recall is a superior method of learning and memory retention because it practices information retrieval. If one draws an anatomic region of the human body after visualization and then teaches it, the learner would be exercising retrieval thus promotion retention of the material. The specific act of writing things down on paper promotes memory retention. This study sets a precedence ...


A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Interstitial and cornual ectopic pregnancies are rare forms of ectopic with high mortality rate. As such, they pose significant challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and follow up.

This patient was a 42 y/o female G2P1001 at 25+3 weeks gestational age who presented from an outside hospital after an episode of sudden onset abdominal pain with syncope. She was noted to have hypotension, tachycardia, lactic acidosis, and peritoneal free fluid. Physical exam was significant for peritoneal signs with abdominal guarding and rebound. Her pregnancy was complicated by advanced maternal age, THC use, and late presentation for prenatal care in the ...


Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Surgical patients are routinely prescribed opioid analgesics that are strongly associated with drug overdose deaths. Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic that received FDA approval in 2011 for local surgical site infiltration to promote post-operative analgesia. This anesthetic has demonstrated an improvement in post-operative pain control in various surgical realms, indicating a decreased need for opiates and subsequently decreased risks. However, few studies have investigated its use at the time of cesarean delivery.


Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David McKenna 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David Mckenna

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Water birth is child delivery that occurs in a tub of water. Water birth delivery has been offered by Miami Valley Hospital in the Family Beginnings Birth Center since 1994. The first water birth delivery that was documented in a medical journal occurred in France in 1805, which reported that the delivery resulted in a healthy baby. Water birth deliveries have been growing in popularity in the United States as mothers are interested in the possible alleged benefits of water birth including shorter labor, less pain, improved maternal experience of childbirth, and more. Although there are many potential benefits, The ...


Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Preeclampsia is a life-threatening, pregnancy-associated disorder characterized by the rapid development of hypertension with renal dysfunction. While preeclampsia generally occurs later in pregnancy, early-onset preeclampsia (EOPE) can occur much earlier and is usually more devastating. Early-onset preeclampsia is also associated with an increased risk of maternal cardiovascular and metabolic disease in mothers later in life and neurocognitive dysfunction in their offspring. EOPE is strongly associated with abnormal placental development and fetal growth restriction during pregnancy.


Oncofertility Awareness And Attitudes Among Health Care Providers And Breast Cancer Patients In A Chinese Academic Setting1, John P. Zucal, Ewelina Biskup, Xin Zhaochen, Yun Sun, Yao Lu, Leslie C. Appiah, Hongwei Zhang, Steven R. Lindheim 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Oncofertility Awareness And Attitudes Among Health Care Providers And Breast Cancer Patients In A Chinese Academic Setting1, John P. Zucal, Ewelina Biskup, Xin Zhaochen, Yun Sun, Yao Lu, Leslie C. Appiah, Hongwei Zhang, Steven R. Lindheim

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

As cancer has become a major public health issue in China, fertility preservation remains limited despite the wide application of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) throughout the country.


Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Early Exposure: Obstetrics And Gynecology Two-Week Virtual Elective, Elisabeth Adkins, Marilyn Kindig, Rose A. Maxwell 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Evaluating The Effectiveness Of Early Exposure: Obstetrics And Gynecology Two-Week Virtual Elective, Elisabeth Adkins, Marilyn Kindig, Rose A. Maxwell

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Clinical clerkships are an integral part of undergraduate medical education. Until now, clerkships have either been offered through simulation labs, didactics or in the healthcare setting dependent upon the pedagogical approach of each institutions’ curricula. Subsequent to coronavirus-2019, medical students had decreased accessibility to the aforementioned educational settings. This has provided an innovative opportunity for clerkship directors to provide the same clinical experience to students in a novel way –virtually.

Recently, the Larner College of Medicine at the University of Vermont created a two-week virtual simulated clerkship electiveencompassing the curricula taught throughout the OB/GYN clerkship. Until now, this virtual ...


Disparities In Access To Assisted Reproductive Technology Among Hispanic Women In The United States, Madison Gallagher 2021 University of South Dakota

Disparities In Access To Assisted Reproductive Technology Among Hispanic Women In The United States, Madison Gallagher

Honors Thesis

Infertility is a health problem that affects approximately 7 million women in the United States (Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, 2015). Due to the high costs of reproductive medicine and infertility treatment, these services tend to be expensive and have limited accessibility without full insurance coverage. Emerging literature outlines the disparities in access to proper treatment for reproductive complications. These existing studies highlight that many minority populations in the United States experience increased challenges regarding access to reproductive medicine and infertility treatment. Among these minority groups are Hispanic women, who are more likely to require reproductive ...


The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen 2021 University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine

The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen

Patient Experience Journal

The attrition of small volume surgical and maternity services in rural Canada over the past three decades has made access to these services especially challenging for rural citizens. While many of these closures have occurred as consequences of regionalization, a strategy to regionally centralize healthcare services, many studies investigating outcomes of regionalization have focused on costs and medical endpoints rather than the direct experiences of the rural patients affected. In this study, we aimed to understand and document the experiences of rural residents accessing procedural and maternity care both locally and away from home. This study is part of a ...


Innovations In U.S. Health Care Delivery To Reduce Disparities In Maternal Mortality Among African American And American Indian/Alaskan Native Women, Swapna Reddy, Nina Patel, Mary Saxon, Nina Amin, Rizwana Biviji 2021 Arizona State University

Innovations In U.S. Health Care Delivery To Reduce Disparities In Maternal Mortality Among African American And American Indian/Alaskan Native Women, Swapna Reddy, Nina Patel, Mary Saxon, Nina Amin, Rizwana Biviji

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Despite spending more on health care than any other country, the United States has the worst maternal mortality rate among all developed nations. African American and American Indian/Alaskan Native women have the worst outcomes by race, representing a stark health disparity within the country. Contributing factors disproportionately experienced by these minority populations include challenges of access to consistent and high-quality prenatal care, prevalence of underlying conditions, toxic stress due to systemic racism, and unconscious bias in health care. While many of these factors lie upstream in the lives of women, and seemingly beyond the scope of the clinical walls ...


Clinician Perspectives On The Need For Training And Caring For Pregnant Women With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Nili S. Amir, Lauren Smith, Anne M. Valentine, Monika Mitra, Susan L. Parish, Tiffany Moore Simas 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Clinician Perspectives On The Need For Training And Caring For Pregnant Women With Intellectual And Developmental Disabilities, Nili S. Amir, Lauren Smith, Anne M. Valentine, Monika Mitra, Susan L. Parish, Tiffany Moore Simas

Senior Scholars Program

Background: Women with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) experience disparities in obstetric care access and quality, in addition to communication gaps with healthcare providers. Many obstetric providers are untrained and uneducated about critical aspects of providing care to persons with IDD.

Objectives: The present study was conducted (1) to describe obstetric clinicians’ training experiences related to providing obstetric care to women with IDD, (2) to assess obstetric clinicians’ perceived need for formalized training, and (3) to identify recommendations for training content and dissemination.

Methods: This study involved qualitative individual interviews (n=9) and one focus group (n=8) with obstetric ...


Caesarean Section Versus Vaginal Birth In The Perception Of Woman Who Gave Birth By Both Methods, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Cristina Raduta, Liana Ples, Adriana Vasilache, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Andrei Vasilache, Oana Denisa Balalau 2021 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Caesarean Section Versus Vaginal Birth In The Perception Of Woman Who Gave Birth By Both Methods, Octavian Gabriel Olaru, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Cristina Raduta, Liana Ples, Adriana Vasilache, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Andrei Vasilache, Oana Denisa Balalau

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The increase in the number of births by Caesarean section is a phenomenon whose global expansion is generated by numerous factors and especially by the contemporary perceptions of women regarding childbirth meeting the interests of the professionals in the field. However, the opinion of many women towards the benefits of Caesarean delivery is often not based on the experience or information from reliable sources. This study aimed at sharing the experience of women who gave birth both vaginally and by Caesarean section, focusing on their perception of these events. The study included 26 women and the conclusion of the vast ...


The Social And The Psychological Impact Of Endometriosis On The Romanian Urban Population, Iulia Baciu, Alecsandra Irimie-Ana, Anca Maria Panaitescu, Gheorghe Peltecu, Corina Gica, Nicolae Gica 2021 FILANTROPIA CLINICAL HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

The Social And The Psychological Impact Of Endometriosis On The Romanian Urban Population, Iulia Baciu, Alecsandra Irimie-Ana, Anca Maria Panaitescu, Gheorghe Peltecu, Corina Gica, Nicolae Gica

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. Our study assesses the social and psychological impact of the symptoms of endometriosis. Materials and methods. This crosssectional study was conducted from January 2014 to January 2016. The research involved two groups. The study instrument, the EHP-5 questionnaire, was completed by the respondents on the admission date or on the routine gynecological visit day. Results. Endometriosis has a negative social and psychological impact on women’s life, the most affected areas being work, fertility and sexual activity. Moreover, pain and the negative perception of self-image are major sources of distress. Conclusion. The symptoms and effects of endometriosis, especially chronic ...


A Comprehensive Analysis Of Postpartum Depression And Delivery Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional Study, Navdar Dogus Uzun, Mustafa Tekin, Fulya Uzun 2021 MARDIN STATE HOSPITAL, DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY, MARDIN, TURKEY

A Comprehensive Analysis Of Postpartum Depression And Delivery Characteristics: A Cross-Sectional Study, Navdar Dogus Uzun, Mustafa Tekin, Fulya Uzun

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objective: We attempted to identify risk factors for postpartum depression (PPD) by evaluating individuals in terms of their birth patterns, as well as other characteristics, including income level, smoking habits, number of children, age, and history of antidepressants. Methods and results: Participants completed a questionnaire consisting of three sections: demographic characteristics, delivery characteristics, and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale. Participants with a depression medical history had a higher depression level during the postpartum. There were significant correlations between postpartum depression, the husband’s working status, the desire fo r the pregnancy, and the patient’s depression medical history. PPD levels did ...


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