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Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada 2021 Dominican University of California

Disparities Among Black Women In Maternal Health, Josefina Teresa Estrada

Nursing | Senior Theses

The literature shows that Black women face many disparities in terms of health care access and the quality of care. These obstacles could negatively affect the health of the mother and their child. This paper includes a literature review and proposed research study. The objective of this research study is to identify the outcomes of Black women compared to White women and other women of color in terms of maternal health. A literature review is provided in order to identify how race affects the following factors: obstacles that limit access to healthcare, rates of obtaining prenatal care, postpartum outcomes and ...


A Novel In Vitro Method For Pelvic Floor Dysfunction In Pcos Women, Ruben Vila 2021 Oregon Health & Science University

A Novel In Vitro Method For Pelvic Floor Dysfunction In Pcos Women, Ruben Vila

University Honors Theses

Background:

Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction are reproductive diseases with comorbidities whose novel relationship deserves further investigation.

Methods:

Levator Ani Muscle/Paravaginal Attachment was dissected from female Rhesus Macaque and subjected to tissue dissociation. Cells were treated with serum level hormones E2, T, and DHT. PCR, ICC, and IHC were used, followed by statistical analysis.

Results:

RNA analysis show differences in relative expression for endpoints ER, PR, AR, Ki-67, Col1A, and Vimentin. IHC along with ICC showed expression and localization in vivo.

Conclusions:

A novel in vitro model was created from macaque Levator Ani Muscle/Paravaginal Attachment ...


The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber 2021 St. John Fisher College

The Ways In Which Women’S Suffrage Affected Healthcare, Madison M. Weber

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

The 19th Amendment had and continues to have a major impact on women’s healthcare in the United States. Prior to suffrage, women had little to no ability to voice their thoughts on and change policies that regarded their own health. This essay addresses the way in which the vote both directly and indirectly impacted healthcare; including workplace conditions, maternal and reproductive rights, racial disparities, political advocacy and healthcare, the different waves of feminism, and how this has all affected modern healthcare for women. From progressive articles being published in women's magazines, to the establishment of marital rape, to ...


Unique Evaluation And Management Considerations For Adolescents With Late Gynecologic And Colorectal Issues In The Setting Of Anorectal Malformations, Wendy Jo Svetanoff 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Unique Evaluation And Management Considerations For Adolescents With Late Gynecologic And Colorectal Issues In The Setting Of Anorectal Malformations, Wendy Jo Svetanoff

Research Days

Background: Females born with anorectal malformations (ARMs) and bladder exstrophy have a greater incidence of Mullerian and genital anomalies requiring early gynecologic assessment and frequent surgical intervention. However, there is little guidance for management considerations of pubertally identified Mullerian anomalies in these patients

Objectives/Goal: We sought to assess the unique colorectal, gynecologic, and psychological issues present during the adolescent years.

Methods/Design: A retrospective review was performed of 10-25 year old female patients born with an ARM, cloaca, or exstrophy that presented to our multidisciplinary clinic between 2009 and 2019. Data abstracted included the presenting problem, history, imaging studies ...


Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Do Males With 45,X/46,Xy Mosaicism Have Turner Syndrome, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

Background: Patients with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism can have genitalia spanning the range from typical female to typical male, and the sex assigned at birth is often based on the appearance of the genitalia. According to current nomenclature, only the subgroup assigned female are diagnosed with Turner syndrome (TS) (Gravholt et al, 2017). Clinical practice guidelines recommend that girls with TS be screened for several comorbidities, including short stature, cardiac and renal anomalies, and autoimmune conditions, but there are no recommendations for screening of boys with 45,X/46,XY mosaicism.

Objectives/Goal: We sought to determine if boys ...


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome For The Pcp, Madeline Taskier, MD 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome For The Pcp, Madeline Taskier, Md

Department of Family & Community Medicine Presentations and Grand Rounds

Objectives

  • Define PCOS
  • Outline varying diagnostic criteria
  • Briefly review pathophysiology and diagnostic approach
  • Review primary care management of PCOS symptoms
  • Summarize role of PCP for clinical monitoring
  • Explore influence of PCOS on fertility and pregnancy


Guided Imagery And Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Pain, Brandy Alicia Kirk 2021 Valparaiso University

Guided Imagery And Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Pain, Brandy Alicia Kirk

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

The standard of care in the treatment for women diagnosed with breast cancer includes identification and biopsy of the sentinel lymph nodes (SLN) of the breast (Chaterjee et al., 2017; Kneece, 2017). The process of identifying the SLNs involves radioisotope injections into or near the areola. Because this area is highly sensitive, women report this procedure to be considerably painful. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to determine if the provision of a 5-minute session of guided imagery (GI), as a complementary alternative medicine, prior to SLN injections was effective in mitigating reports of procedural pain. A ...


Loss Of Obstetric Services In Rural Appalachia: A Qualitative Study Of Community Perceptions, Caroline R. Efird, David Dry, Rachel F. Seidman 2021 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Loss Of Obstetric Services In Rural Appalachia: A Qualitative Study Of Community Perceptions, Caroline R. Efird, David Dry, Rachel F. Seidman

Journal of Appalachian Health

Background: As rural hospitals across the United States increasingly downsize or close, the availability of inpatient obstetric services continues to decline in rural areas. In rural Appalachia, the termination of obstetric services threatens to exacerbate the existing risk of adverse birth outcomes for women and infants, yet less is known about how the cessation of these services affects the broader community.

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explain how the loss of local obstetric services affects perceptions of healthcare among multi-generational residents of a remote, rural Appalachian community in western North Carolina.

Methods: An interdisciplinary team of researchers ...


Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Prenatal Dietary Education, Using The Midwifery Model, In Ireland Vs The United States, Allison Erby

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Prenatal dietary education is a very important component of care in healthy pregnancies, but more than that, dietary education can be an indicator of the value a healthcare provider places on holistic care or preventive medicine. The United States and Ireland are compared in this study because they represent high intervention vs. low intervention approaches, respectively, to obstetric care. Healthcare professionals from the United States and Ireland perceive the most important nutrients and method of receiving those differently. Maybe the most telling contrast, healthcare professionals in Ireland perceive food as the way pregnant women should receive vital nutrients, but healthcare ...


The Impact Of Menstrual Hygiene Management Interventions On Adolescent Female’S School Attendance In Middle- And Low- Income Countries: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, McKenzie Canon 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Impact Of Menstrual Hygiene Management Interventions On Adolescent Female’S School Attendance In Middle- And Low- Income Countries: A Systematic Review Of The Literature, Mckenzie Canon

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Menstruation is an ongoing biological process that affects a large portion of the population and requires consistent health and medical care. However, menstruation does not affect women and girls equally in resource-poor communities and girl-unfriendly schools, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Without proper menstrual hygiene management (MHM) and menstrual health and hygiene (MHH), girl’s attendance at school is reported to decline or cease altogether. Providing the proper resources to fulfill women’s and girl’s menstrual hygiene needs may impact female’s attendance rates at school, and furthering women’s education is fundamental in advancing female’s ...


Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Protocol In Gynecologic Oncology., Tanvi V. Joshi, Shaina F. Bruce, Rod Grim, Tommy Buchanan, Sudeshna Chatterjee-Paer, Elizabeth R. Burton, Joel I. Sorosky, Mark S. Shahin, Mitchell I. Edelson 2021 Abington Jefferson Health

Implementation Of An Enhanced Recovery Protocol In Gynecologic Oncology., Tanvi V. Joshi, Shaina F. Bruce, Rod Grim, Tommy Buchanan, Sudeshna Chatterjee-Paer, Elizabeth R. Burton, Joel I. Sorosky, Mark S. Shahin, Mitchell I. Edelson

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) is an evidence-based approach that aims to reduce narcotic use and maintain anabolic balance to enable full functional recovery. Our primary aim was to determine the effect of ERAS on narcotic usage among patients who underwent exploratory laparotomy by gynecologic oncologists. We characterized its effect on length of stay, intraoperative blood transfusions, bowel function, 30-day readmissions, and postoperative complications. A retrospective cohort study was performed at Abington Hospital-Jefferson Health in gynecologic oncology. Women who underwent an exploratory laparotomy from 2011 to 2016 for both benign and malignant etiologies were included before and after implementation of ...


Differences In Obstetric Care Between Japan And The Us: A Qualitative Analysis Of Blogs, Rei Yamada, Maki Kano-Lueckerath, Walter K. Kraft 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Differences In Obstetric Care Between Japan And The Us: A Qualitative Analysis Of Blogs, Rei Yamada, Maki Kano-Lueckerath, Walter K. Kraft

Student Papers & Posters

Aim

To investigate patient-reported differences in obstetric care between Japan and the US by characterizing the information Japanese immigrants and expatriates share online.


Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell 2021 Wright State University

Identifying Factors Underlying The Decision For Genetic Carrier Screening Among Women In Montgomery County, Sowon Kim, Rose A. Maxwell

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Genetic Carrier Screening (GCS) is a genetic test that allows patients to find out if they carry genes for certain genetic disorders. The results of the test enable patients to make changes to their family planning decisions and prenatal care when appropriate and allow them the opportunity to seek further medical and social support. Despite these health benefits and notable clinical utility of GCS, GCS has not been utilized in most nations due to moral and ethical controversy among the public. Previous studies have demonstrated patients’ ethnicity, socio-demographic (age, education) and economic factors were associated with the patient’s intention ...


Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Liposomal Bupivacaine Infiltration And Transversus Abdominis Plane Block Versus Standard Of Care For Post Caesarean Pain Control: A Retrospective Chart Review, Ellie Ganz, Darren Adams, Rose A. Maxwell, Theresa Roby, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and wound infiltration with local anesthetics are shown to reduce opiate use and pain scores when compared to controls who received narcotic pain medications. With the current opiate epidemic, finding different ways to control pain without opiates is important,-to prevent unnecessary use of these drugs and reduce the potential for addiction in patients having a Cesarean delivery who often times receive opiate medications on schedule regardless of their reported pain.


The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

The Role Of Art In Teaching Virtual Anatomy During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Shaigan Bhatti, Ashwatha Thenappan, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

The purpose of this study is to determine whether drawing anatomical structures and teaching it virtually to others improves student confidence in remembering anatomy and improves student perceptions of OB/GYN anatomy in the obstetrics and gynecology core clerkship. Active recall is a superior method of learning and memory retention because it practices information retrieval. If one draws an anatomic region of the human body after visualization and then teaches it, the learner would be exercising retrieval thus promotion retention of the material. The specific act of writing things down on paper promotes memory retention. This study sets a precedence ...


A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

A Case Of Ruptured Cornual Pregnancy With Delivery Of A Viable Pre-Term Infant, Elana Miller, Elena Fuell-Wysong, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Interstitial and cornual ectopic pregnancies are rare forms of ectopic with high mortality rate. As such, they pose significant challenges in diagnosis, treatment, and follow up.

This patient was a 42 y/o female G2P1001 at 25+3 weeks gestational age who presented from an outside hospital after an episode of sudden onset abdominal pain with syncope. She was noted to have hypotension, tachycardia, lactic acidosis, and peritoneal free fluid. Physical exam was significant for peritoneal signs with abdominal guarding and rebound. Her pregnancy was complicated by advanced maternal age, THC use, and late presentation for prenatal care in the ...


Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Local Wound Infiltration With Liposomal Bupivacaine Decreases Post-Cesarean Pain Scores, Avni Gupta, Justin Williams, Rose A. Maxwell, Marilyn Kindig

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Surgical patients are routinely prescribed opioid analgesics that are strongly associated with drug overdose deaths. Liposomal bupivacaine is a long-acting local anesthetic that received FDA approval in 2011 for local surgical site infiltration to promote post-operative analgesia. This anesthetic has demonstrated an improvement in post-operative pain control in various surgical realms, indicating a decreased need for opiates and subsequently decreased risks. However, few studies have investigated its use at the time of cesarean delivery.


Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David McKenna 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Neonatal Health Outcomes Following Water Immersion During Labor And Delivery, Ariel L. Lanier, Samantha L. Wiegand, David Mckenna

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Water birth is child delivery that occurs in a tub of water. Water birth delivery has been offered by Miami Valley Hospital in the Family Beginnings Birth Center since 1994. The first water birth delivery that was documented in a medical journal occurred in France in 1805, which reported that the delivery resulted in a healthy baby. Water birth deliveries have been growing in popularity in the United States as mothers are interested in the possible alleged benefits of water birth including shorter labor, less pain, improved maternal experience of childbirth, and more. Although there are many potential benefits, The ...


Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Placental Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1 Alpha In Early-Onset Preeclampsia As A Predictor Of Future Risk In Maternal And Fetal Health, Julie Slyby, Bryce Linkous, Sarah Scott, Chandni Chandiramani, Amy Hwang, Danielle Spanbauer, Melissa R. Kaufman, Traci Rackett, Kailey Nolan, Emily Stone, Rose A. Maxwell, David N. Dhanraj, Thomas L. Brown

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

Preeclampsia is a life-threatening, pregnancy-associated disorder characterized by the rapid development of hypertension with renal dysfunction. While preeclampsia generally occurs later in pregnancy, early-onset preeclampsia (EOPE) can occur much earlier and is usually more devastating. Early-onset preeclampsia is also associated with an increased risk of maternal cardiovascular and metabolic disease in mothers later in life and neurocognitive dysfunction in their offspring. EOPE is strongly associated with abnormal placental development and fetal growth restriction during pregnancy.


Oncofertility Awareness And Attitudes Among Health Care Providers And Breast Cancer Patients In A Chinese Academic Setting1, John P. Zucal, Ewelina Biskup, Xin Zhaochen, Yun Sun, Yao Lu, Leslie C. Appiah, Hongwei Zhang, Steven R. Lindheim 2021 Wright State University - Main Campus

Oncofertility Awareness And Attitudes Among Health Care Providers And Breast Cancer Patients In A Chinese Academic Setting1, John P. Zucal, Ewelina Biskup, Xin Zhaochen, Yun Sun, Yao Lu, Leslie C. Appiah, Hongwei Zhang, Steven R. Lindheim

Medical Student Research Symposium Abstracts and Posters

As cancer has become a major public health issue in China, fertility preservation remains limited despite the wide application of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) throughout the country.


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