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Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

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Vertical Transmission Of Sars-Cov-2 In A Twin Pregnancy, Tiffany C. Chang, Rebecca F. Herbert, Stacey N. Tran, Victoria M. Weprinsky, Bhaskari Burra, Chi Dola 2022 Tulane University School of Medicine

Vertical Transmission Of Sars-Cov-2 In A Twin Pregnancy, Tiffany C. Chang, Rebecca F. Herbert, Stacey N. Tran, Victoria M. Weprinsky, Bhaskari Burra, Chi Dola

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first identified in 2019 and rapidly evolved into the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The emergence of a highly morbid disease has posed ongoing challenges in the diagnosis, management, and prevention of COVID-19. The uncertainty underlying medical decision making is further compounded by preexisting conditions, including pregnancy. Here, we report a twin pregnancy complicated by maternal COVID-19 and the vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We hope that our experiences contribute to a better understanding of the disease in pregnancy and, ultimately, guide the development of effective treatment and prevention …


Comparison Of Pregnancy Complication Rates: Does Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy Make A Difference?, Alexa Pfeiffer OMS-III, Michael Falcone OMS-III, Pritha Aggarwal OMS-III, Andrea M. Bodine MD 2022 University of New England College of Osteopathic Medicine

Comparison Of Pregnancy Complication Rates: Does Opioid Agonist Pharmacotherapy Make A Difference?, Alexa Pfeiffer Oms-Iii, Michael Falcone Oms-Iii, Pritha Aggarwal Oms-Iii, Andrea M. Bodine Md

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Background: Over the past decade, the prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant patients has increased by 131% with an associated increase in pregnancy complications. Opioid agonist pharmacotherapy (OAP) with methadone or buprenorphine is recommended by ACOG for the management of OUD. The objectives of our study are to compare the incidence of pregnancy complications among patients who at the time of their delivery used OAP, OAP plus any additional substance (OAP+), illicit or prescribed opioids, and no opioids.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at Berkshire Medical Center in Pittsfield, MA, between January 1, 2018, through December …


Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group 2022 KLE Academy of Higher Education and Research

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objective: To describe the process of community engagement (CE) in northern Karnataka, India and its impact on pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness and complication readiness, pregnancy-related care seeking and maternal morbidity.

Design: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised trial of Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP). A total of 12 clusters based on primary health centre catchment areas were randomised to intervention or control. CE was conducted in intervention clusters. CE attendance was summarised according to participant group using both quantitative and qualitative assessment. Pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness, health services engagement and perinatal outcomes was evaluated within …


Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr. 2022 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Births In The Mountain West, 2016-2020, Corryn Richardson, Hira Ahmed, Caitlin J. Saladino, William E. Brown Jr.

Health

This fact sheet examines state-level data on births and health indicators from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), a government health statistics unit of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This fact sheet presents data related to births in the Mountain West states of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah.


Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers 2022 Kennesaw State University

Protocols For Postpartum Hemorrhage, Jackleen Chambers

Symposium of Student Scholars

The occurrence of postpartum hemorrhages (PH) within the healthcare system are on the rise. The detrimental effects that can occur are extremely serious and require an intervention of education and proper training. Labor and delivery units experience traumatic PHs due to lack of proper training regarding early warning signs and correct technical interventions needed for a quick turnaround. This project will use research from scholarly articles to take a closer look at statistical evidence based on the outcomes of being prepared versus underprepared. The project will discuss various methods on how to better prepare nurses to care for hemorrhagic situations. …


Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman 2022 Kennesaw State University

Postpartum Depression For Mothers With Early Fetal Death Or Stillbirths, Callie Goldman

Symposium of Student Scholars

Background: Many times, prevention of early fetus death and stillbirths is possible; however, some mortality events are spontaneous or unavoidable. While existing research reveals the likelihood of postpartum depression for mothers following birth, few studies address the potential for postpartum depression of mothers of stillbirth or demised fetuses. The purpose of this study is to determine how mothers can be better prepared for the hardship of losing a baby during childbirth, while going through common difficulties, such as postpartum depression, following birth. Methods: A mixed method approach will be conducted to gather qualitative (interview) and quantitative (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale …


Exploring Alternative Treatment Options For A Patient With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding And Mistrust Of The Healthcare System, Rachel A. O'Dell 2022 Wayne State University

Exploring Alternative Treatment Options For A Patient With Heavy Menstrual Bleeding And Mistrust Of The Healthcare System, Rachel A. O'Dell

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Tinelli A, Gustapane S, D’Oria O, Licchelli M, Panese G. Nutraceuticals in fibroid management after ulipristal acetate administration: An observational study on patients’ compliance. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics; 2022;156(1):133-138. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijgo.13692

for a patient with chronic, symptomatic anemia with menorrhagia and uterine fibroid.


Acceptability And Feasibility Of A Low-Cost Device For Gestational Age Assessment In A Low-Resource Setting: Qualitative Study, Angela Koech, Peris Muoga Musitia, Grace Mwashigadi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Craik, J. Alison Noble, Peter Dadelszen von Dadelszen, Aris T . Papageorghiou 2022 Aga Khan University

Acceptability And Feasibility Of A Low-Cost Device For Gestational Age Assessment In A Low-Resource Setting: Qualitative Study, Angela Koech, Peris Muoga Musitia, Grace Mwashigadi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Marianne Vidler, Marleen Temmerman, Rachel Craik, J. Alison Noble, Peter Dadelszen Von Dadelszen, Aris T . Papageorghiou

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Ultrasound for gestational age (GA) assessment is not routinely available in resource-constrained settings, particularly in rural and remote locations. The TraCer device combines a handheld wireless ultrasound probe and a tablet with artificial intelligence (AI)-enabled software that obtains GA from videos of the fetal head by automated measurements of the fetal transcerebellar diameter and head circumference.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the perceptions of pregnant women, their families, and health care workers regarding the feasibility and acceptability of the TraCer device in an appropriate setting.

Methods: A descriptive study using qualitative methods was conducted in …


Rare Causes Of Genital Fistula In Nine African Countries: A Retrospective Review, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas J.I.P. Raassen, Marietta Mahendeka, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos van Roosmalen, Marleen Temmerman 2022 Global Health Division, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, USA

Rare Causes Of Genital Fistula In Nine African Countries: A Retrospective Review, Carrie J. Ngongo, Thomas J.I.P. Raassen, Marietta Mahendeka, Ladeisha Lombard, Jos Van Roosmalen, Marleen Temmerman

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Most genital fistulas result from prolonged, obstructed labor or surgical complications. Other causes include trauma (from accidents, traditional healers, or sexual violence), radiation, carcinoma, infection, unsafe abortion, and congenital malformation.

Methods: This retrospective records review focuses on rare fistula causes among 6,787 women who developed fistula after 1980 and sought treatment between 1994 and 2017 in Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi, Zambia, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Somalia, and South Sudan. We compare fistula etiologies across countries and assess associations between rare causes and type of incontinence (urine, feces, or both).

Results: Rare fistula accounted for 1.12% (76/6,787) of all fistulas, including traumatic …


Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney 2022 Sera Prognostics, Inc

Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objectives: Preterm birth occurs in more than 10% of U.S. births and is the leading cause of U.S. neonatal deaths, with estimated annual costs exceeding $25 billion USD. Using real-world data, we modeled the potential clinical and economic utility of a prematurity-reduction program comprising screening in a racially and ethnically diverse population with a validated proteomic biomarker risk predictor, followed by case management with or without pharmacological treatment.

Methods: The ACCORDANT microsimulation model used individual patient data from a prespecified, randomly selected sub-cohort (N = 847) of a multicenter, observational study of U.S. subjects receiving standard obstetric care with …


Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor 2022 University of Iowa

Using Genomic Variation To Distinguish Ovarian High-Grade Serous Carcinoma From Benign Fallopian Tubes, Jesus Gonzalez-Bosquet, Nicholas D Cardillo, Henry D Reyes, Brian J Smith, Kimberly K Leslie, David P Bender, Michael J Goodheart, Eric J Devor

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The preoperative diagnosis of pelvic masses has been elusive to date. Methods for characterization such as CA-125 have had limited specificity. We hypothesize that genomic variation can be used to create prediction models which accurately distinguish high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) from benign tissue.

Methods: In this retrospective, pilot study, we extracted DNA and RNA from HGSC specimens and from benign fallopian tubes. Then, we performed whole exome sequencing and RNA sequencing, and identified single nucleotide variants (SNV), copy number variants (CNV) and structural variants (SV). We used these variants to create prediction models to distinguish cancer from benign …


Surgical Resection Of A Rare Primary Retroperitoneal Mucinous Borderline Tumor Of Müllerian Origin: A Case Report, Taylor R. Kavanagh, Nneamaka Nwaoduah, Scott D. Richard, Wilbur Bowne, Norman G Rosenblum 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

Surgical Resection Of A Rare Primary Retroperitoneal Mucinous Borderline Tumor Of Müllerian Origin: A Case Report, Taylor R. Kavanagh, Nneamaka Nwaoduah, Scott D. Richard, Wilbur Bowne, Norman G Rosenblum

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

•Primary retroperitoneal mucinous tumors (PRMTs) are a rare group of cystic neoplasms consisting of three subtypes.•PRMTs are histologically similar to ovarian mucinous tumors but lack true ovarian tissue.•PRMTs should be considered in the differential diagnosis when encountering retroperitoneal cystic lesions.•During surgical resection tumor disruption should be avoided.•Surgical resection alone provides durable disease control for mucinous borderline tumors of low malignant potential.


Microrna Analysis In Maternal Blood Of Pregnancies With Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes Reveals A Distinct Expression Profile, Michail Spiliopoulos, Andrew Haddad, Huda B Al-Kouatly, Saeed Haleema, Michael J Paidas, Sara N Iqbal, Robert I Glazer 2022 University of Miami

Microrna Analysis In Maternal Blood Of Pregnancies With Preterm Premature Rupture Of Membranes Reveals A Distinct Expression Profile, Michail Spiliopoulos, Andrew Haddad, Huda B Al-Kouatly, Saeed Haleema, Michael J Paidas, Sara N Iqbal, Robert I Glazer

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression profile of microRNAs in the peripheral blood of pregnant women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) compared to that of healthy pregnant women.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a pilot study with case-control design in pregnant patients enrolled between January 2017 and June 2019. Patients with healthy pregnancies and those affected by PPROM between 20- and 33+6 weeks of gestation were matched by gestational age and selected for inclusion to the study. Patients were excluded for multiple gestation and presence of a major obstetrical complication such as preeclampsia, diabetes, fetal growth restriction and stillbirth. A …


Vaginal Microbiota In Women With Spontaneous Preterm Labor Versus Those With Term Labor In Kenya: A Case Control Study, Edgar Gulavi, Fridah Mwendwa, David Atandi, Patricia Okiro, Michael Hall, Robert G. Beiko, Rodney Adam 2022 Aga Khan University

Vaginal Microbiota In Women With Spontaneous Preterm Labor Versus Those With Term Labor In Kenya: A Case Control Study, Edgar Gulavi, Fridah Mwendwa, David Atandi, Patricia Okiro, Michael Hall, Robert G. Beiko, Rodney Adam

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Preterm birth is a global problem with about 12% of births in sub-Saharan Africa occurring before 37 weeks of gestation. Several studies have explored a potential association between vaginal microbiota and preterm birth, and some have found an association while others have not. We performed a study designed to determine whether there is an association with vaginal microbiota and/or placental microbiota and preterm birth in an African setting.

Methods: Women presenting to the study hospital in labor with a gestational age of 26 to 36 weeks plus six days were prospectively enrolled in a study of the …


Management Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus In Pregnancy, Oana Denisa Balalau, Mihai George Loghin, Delia Maria Bogheanu, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Octavian Gabriel Olaru 2022 CAROL DAVILA UNIVERSITY OF MEDICINE AND PHARMACY, BUCHAREST, ROMANIA

Management Of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus In Pregnancy, Oana Denisa Balalau, Mihai George Loghin, Delia Maria Bogheanu, Nicolae Bacalbasa, Anca Daniela Stanescu, Daniela Gabriela Bălan, Ioana Păunică, Octavian Gabriel Olaru

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Systemic lupus erythematosus is one of the most common autoimmune disorders affecting young women. Pregnant women with lupus are generally at higher risk for certain pregnancy complications than women without comorbidities. Even so, a pregnancy with lupus can be carried to term in optimal conditions if it is properly managed by a doctor. Monitoring is generally recommended six months after the onset of lupus symptoms, and ideally there should be no active lupus symptoms prior to conception. General screening tests should include the anti-phospholipid, anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies. Women who are positive for these antibodies have an increased risk of …


External Cephalic Version For A Malpresenting First Twin Before Labor: A Prospective Case Series, Laura Felder, Rebekah Jo McCurdy, Vincenzo Berghella 2022 Thomas Jefferson University

External Cephalic Version For A Malpresenting First Twin Before Labor: A Prospective Case Series, Laura Felder, Rebekah Jo Mccurdy, Vincenzo Berghella

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Background: In twin pregnancies where the presenting twin is not cephalic, cesarean delivery is the standard of care. External cephalic version (ECV) has been used for malpresenting singleton pregnancies with low risk of complications. ECV in twin pregnancies is poorly studied.

Objective: To assess feasibility and report any complications of ECV of a malpresenting twin before labor.

Study design: This is a prospective cohort of twin pregnancies with malpresenting first twin. Inclusion criteria included English or Spanish speaking women. Exclusions included cases where there was a contraindication to vaginal delivery. ECV was performed according to the institutional singleton protocol. Fetal …


Manual Vacuum Aspiration: Familiarity And Comfort Among Obgyn Physicians At Louisiana State University, Alexis Hernandez, Stacey Scheib 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Manual Vacuum Aspiration: Familiarity And Comfort Among Obgyn Physicians At Louisiana State University, Alexis Hernandez, Stacey Scheib

Medical Research Day

Background: Manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) uses a hand-held aspirator to generate a vacuum to aspirate uterine contents for management of early pregnancy loss or elective abortion prior to 12 weeks gestation. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, MVA is a safe, costsaving procedure that promotes patient comfort, convenience, and privacy. Despite the advantages of this procedure, it is often overlooked in favor of electric suction or dilation and curettage, more extensive procedures that are associated with increased cost and post-procedural pain and bleeding. The goal of this study is to assess the attitudes, familiarity, and comfort towards …


Radiance1: Reducing Delays In Endometrial Cancer Care Symptomsthrough Gynecologic Oncology Referral, Nicole Catalano, Jessica Anderson, Kyla Maupin, Hannah Sibley, Rebecca Maitski, Navaya Nair, Tara Castellano, Andrew Chapple, Amelia Jernigan 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Radiance1: Reducing Delays In Endometrial Cancer Care Symptomsthrough Gynecologic Oncology Referral, Nicole Catalano, Jessica Anderson, Kyla Maupin, Hannah Sibley, Rebecca Maitski, Navaya Nair, Tara Castellano, Andrew Chapple, Amelia Jernigan

Medical Research Day

Objective: In this cohort of women seeking care at a university practice in the Gulf South, we aimed to identify specific delays from patient experience of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) to referral to gynecologic oncology (GON) with a diagnosis of endometrial cancer (EC). Methods: A multicenter, IRB-approved retrospective chart review was performed. Women diagnosed with Stage I-IV endometrial cancer from 2013 to 2022 were included. Demographic, pathologic and treatment data were collected. Symptom duration and key appointment, procedure, or result dates were recorded. Time frames between key events were calculated. Timed events were censored if there was insufficient data to …


Diversifying Clinical Trials: Does Presentation At Gynecologic Oncology Tumor Board Increase Equitable Access To Clinical Trials For Black And Latinx Patients?, Afryea L. Dunbar, Fraya G. King, Madison A. Keller, Yaseen Khan, Amber R. Bardarson, Amelia Jernigan, Andrew G. Chapple, Tara Castellano, Navya Nair 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Diversifying Clinical Trials: Does Presentation At Gynecologic Oncology Tumor Board Increase Equitable Access To Clinical Trials For Black And Latinx Patients?, Afryea L. Dunbar, Fraya G. King, Madison A. Keller, Yaseen Khan, Amber R. Bardarson, Amelia Jernigan, Andrew G. Chapple, Tara Castellano, Navya Nair

Medical Research Day

Background: Tumor boards are multidisciplinary cancer conferences held to review all the clinical data, evidence-based guidelines, latest literature, and available clinical trials for each cancer case that is discussed. Objectives: This study aims to determine whether presentation at gynecologic oncology tumor board (GO TB) increases clinical trial enrollment of black and latinX cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective chart review of all cases presented at multidisciplinary GO TB from Jan 2019 – Jun 2022 were analyzed. For each case, demographic and cancer-specific variables as well as tumor board discussions regarding clinical trials were collected. Continuous covariates were summarized within groups by …


Genitourinary And Sexual Health Care For Women With Cancer: Overlooked Quality Of Life Indicators, Hannah C. DellaCroce, Nancy L. Ren, Andrew G. Chapple, Sydni Barras, Shawna Morron, Tara Castellano, Navya Nair, Amelia Jernigan 2022 LSU Health Sciences Center- New Orleans

Genitourinary And Sexual Health Care For Women With Cancer: Overlooked Quality Of Life Indicators, Hannah C. Dellacroce, Nancy L. Ren, Andrew G. Chapple, Sydni Barras, Shawna Morron, Tara Castellano, Navya Nair, Amelia Jernigan

Medical Research Day

BACKGROUND: Genitourinary health and sexual well-being are critical aspects of quality of life and overall health, especially for patients with malignancy who face the negative physical and emotional consequences of cancer and cancer treatment. However, evidence suggests that physicians rarely address these concerns in clinical practice. As cancer survivorship continues to improve with advancements in detection and treatment, the need for supportive gynecologic and sexual health care for women with cancer is greater than ever. The purpose of this study was to characterize the prevalence of oncologist-reported counseling for genitourinary syndromes (GUS) or sexual health concerns (SHC) in women with …


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