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Nbtxr3 Radiotherapy-Activated Functionalized Hafnium Oxide Nanoparticles Show Efficient Antitumor Effects Across A Large Panel Of Human Cancer Models., Ping Zhang, Julie Marill, Audrey Darmon, Naeemunnisa Mohamed Anesary, Bo Lu, MD, Sébastien Paris 2021 Nanobiotix, Paris, France

Nbtxr3 Radiotherapy-Activated Functionalized Hafnium Oxide Nanoparticles Show Efficient Antitumor Effects Across A Large Panel Of Human Cancer Models., Ping Zhang, Julie Marill, Audrey Darmon, Naeemunnisa Mohamed Anesary, Bo Lu, Md, Sébastien Paris

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: The side effects of radiotherapy induced on healthy tissue limit its use. To overcome this issue and fully exploit the potential of radiotherapy to treat cancers, the first-in-class radioenhancer NBTXR3 (functionalized hafnium oxide nanoparticles) has been designed to amplify the effects of radiotherapy.

Patients and Methods: Thanks to its physical mode of action, NBTXR3 has the potential to be used to treat any type of solid tumor. Here we demonstrate that NBTXR3 can be used to treat a wide variety of solid cancers. For this, we evaluated different parameters on a large panel of human cancer models, such as ...


Initial Clinical Experience Of Mr-Guided Radiotherapy For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer., Cathryn B. Crockett, Pamela Samson, Robert Chuter, Michael Dubec, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Olga L. Green, Sara L. Hackett, Fiona McDonald, Clifford Robinson, Anna-Maria Shiarli, Michael W Straza, Joost J.C. Verhoeff, Maria Werner-Wasik, Gregory Vlacich, David Cobben 2021 The Christie NHS Foundation Trust

Initial Clinical Experience Of Mr-Guided Radiotherapy For Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer., Cathryn B. Crockett, Pamela Samson, Robert Chuter, Michael Dubec, Corinne Faivre-Finn, Olga L. Green, Sara L. Hackett, Fiona Mcdonald, Clifford Robinson, Anna-Maria Shiarli, Michael W Straza, Joost J.C. Verhoeff, Maria Werner-Wasik, Gregory Vlacich, David Cobben

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Curative-intent radiotherapy plays an integral role in the treatment of lung cancer and therefore improving its therapeutic index is vital. MR guided radiotherapy (MRgRT) systems are the latest technological advance which may help with achieving this aim. The majority of MRgRT treatments delivered to date have been stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) based and include the treatment of (ultra-) central tumors. However, there is a move to also implement MRgRT as curative-intent treatment for patients with inoperable locally advanced NSCLC. This paper presents the initial clinical experience of using the two commercially available systems to date: the ViewRay MRIdian and ...


Radiopharmaceutical Validation For Clinical Use, Charles A. Kunos, Rodney Howells, Aman Chauhan, Zin W. Myint, Mark E. Bernard, Riham H. El Khouli, Jacek Capala 2021 National Cancer Institute

Radiopharmaceutical Validation For Clinical Use, Charles A. Kunos, Rodney Howells, Aman Chauhan, Zin W. Myint, Mark E. Bernard, Riham H. El Khouli, Jacek Capala

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Radiopharmaceuticals are reemerging as attractive anticancer agents, but there are no universally adopted guidelines or standardized procedures for evaluating agent validity before early-phase trial implementation. To validate a radiopharmaceutical, it is desirous for the radiopharmaceutical to be specific, selective, and deliverable against tumors of a given, molecularly defined cancer for which it is intended to treat. In this article, we discuss four levels of evidence—target antigen immunohistochemistry, in vitro and in vivo preclinical experiments, animal biodistribution and dosimetry studies, and first-in-human microdose biodistribution studies—that might be used to justify oncology therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals in a drug-development sequence involving early-phase ...


Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (Sbrt) For Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Is Applicable To More Tumors Than Sublobar Resection, Andrew Song, Nathaniel R. Evans III, Scott W. Cowan, Jenny Guo, Tingting Zhan, Bo Lu, Maria Werner-Wasik 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (Sbrt) For Patients With Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Is Applicable To More Tumors Than Sublobar Resection, Andrew Song, Nathaniel R. Evans Iii, Scott W. Cowan, Jenny Guo, Tingting Zhan, Bo Lu, Maria Werner-Wasik

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Background: Virtually all patients with medically inoperable stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can receive stereotactic body radiation therapy. However, the percentage of such patients in whom sublobar resection is technically feasible is unknown. This discrepancy can confound clinical trial eligibility and designs comparing stereotactic body radiation therapy vs. sublobar resection.

Methods: A total of 137 patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy for lung lesions (3/2013-11/2017) underwent retrospective review. Diagnostic CT chest and PET/CT images, stereotactic body radiation therapy dates, and demographic data were collected on 100 of 137 patients. Two experienced board-certified thoracic surgeons ...


High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy For The Treatment Of Basal And Squamous Cell Carcinomas On Sensitive Areas Of The Face: A Report Of Clinical Outcomes And Acute And Subacute Toxicities, James M. Taylor, Bahar Dasgeb, Spencer Liem, Ayesha Ali, Amy Harrison, Mitchell Finkelstein, Jisun Cha, Rani Anne, Steven Greenbaum, William Sherwin, Wenyin Shi 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

High-Dose-Rate Brachytherapy For The Treatment Of Basal And Squamous Cell Carcinomas On Sensitive Areas Of The Face: A Report Of Clinical Outcomes And Acute And Subacute Toxicities, James M. Taylor, Bahar Dasgeb, Spencer Liem, Ayesha Ali, Amy Harrison, Mitchell Finkelstein, Jisun Cha, Rani Anne, Steven Greenbaum, William Sherwin, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose Basal cell and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma are common malignancies (keratinocyte carcinomas [KCs]). Surgical resection is the standard of care. Radiation using high-dose rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) may serve as a superior alternative where surgical scars may be of cosmetic concern or in elderly patients with significant comorbidity. We aim to describe the clinical and cosmetic outcomes as well as posttreatment radiation toxicities associated with HDR-BT in patients who were treated for KCs of the face.

Methods and Materials Patients with KCs treated with HDR-BT from 2015 to 2018 were included in the study. Patient medical records and clinical photos ...


Mir-21 Plays A Dual Role In Tumor Formation And Cytotoxic Response In Breast Tumors, Tu Dan, Anuradha A. Shastri, Ajay Palagani, Simone Buraschi, Thomas Neill, Jason E Savage, Aastha Kapoor, Tiziana DeAngelis, Sankar Addya, Kevin Camphausen, Renato V. Iozzo, Nicole L Simone 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Mir-21 Plays A Dual Role In Tumor Formation And Cytotoxic Response In Breast Tumors, Tu Dan, Anuradha A. Shastri, Ajay Palagani, Simone Buraschi, Thomas Neill, Jason E Savage, Aastha Kapoor, Tiziana Deangelis, Sankar Addya, Kevin Camphausen, Renato V. Iozzo, Nicole L Simone

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Breast cancer (BrCa) relies on specific microRNAs to drive disease progression. Oncogenic miR-21 is upregulated in many cancers, including BrCa, and is associated with poor survival and treatment resistance. We sought to determine the role of miR-21 in BrCa tumor initiation, progression and treatment response. In a triple-negative BrCa model, radiation exposure increased miR-21 in both primary tumor and metastases. In vitro, miR-21 knockdown decreased survival in all BrCa subtypes in the presence of radiation. The role of miR-21 in BrCa initiation was evaluated by implanting wild-type miR-21 BrCa cells into genetically engineered mouse models where miR-21 was intact, heterozygous ...


Combined High-Dose Lattice Radiation Therapy And Immune Checkpoint Blockade For Advanced Bulky Tumors: The Concept And A Case Report, Liuqing Jiang, Xiaobo Li, Jianping Zhang, Wenyao Li, Fangfen Dong, Cheng Chen, Qingliang Lin, Chonglin Zhang, Fen Zheng, Weisi Yan, Yi Zheng, Xiaodong Wu, Benhua Xu 2021 Fujian Medical University Union Hospital

Combined High-Dose Lattice Radiation Therapy And Immune Checkpoint Blockade For Advanced Bulky Tumors: The Concept And A Case Report, Liuqing Jiang, Xiaobo Li, Jianping Zhang, Wenyao Li, Fangfen Dong, Cheng Chen, Qingliang Lin, Chonglin Zhang, Fen Zheng, Weisi Yan, Yi Zheng, Xiaodong Wu, Benhua Xu

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Although the combination of immune checkpoint blockades with high dose of radiation has indicated the potential of co-stimulatory effects, consistent clinical outcome has been yet to be demonstrated. Bulky tumors present challenges for radiation treatment to achieve high rate of tumor control due to large tumor sizes and normal tissue toxicities. As an alternative, spatially fractionated radiotherapy (SFRT) technique has been applied, in the forms of GRID or LATTICE radiation therapy (LRT), to safely treat bulky tumors. When used alone in a single or a few fractions, GRID or LRT can be best classified as palliative or tumor de-bulking treatments ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery For High-Grade Gliomas At First Recurrence: A Single-Center Experience., Yun Guan, Ji Xiong, Mingyuan Pan, Wenyin Shi, Jing Li, Huaguang Zhu, Xiu Gong, Chao Li, Guanghai Mei, Xiaoxia Liu, Li Pan, Jiazhong Dai, Yang Wang, Enmin Wang, Xin Wang 2021 Fudan University, Shanghai Clinical Medical Center of Neurosurgery, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Brain Function and Restoration and Neural Regeneration

Safety And Efficacy Of Hypofractionated Stereotactic Radiosurgery For High-Grade Gliomas At First Recurrence: A Single-Center Experience., Yun Guan, Ji Xiong, Mingyuan Pan, Wenyin Shi, Jing Li, Huaguang Zhu, Xiu Gong, Chao Li, Guanghai Mei, Xiaoxia Liu, Li Pan, Jiazhong Dai, Yang Wang, Enmin Wang, Xin Wang

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment for recurrent high-grade gliomas (rHGGs) remains uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of hypofractionated stereotactic radiosurgery (HSRS) as a first-line salvage treatment for in-field recurrence of high-grade gliomas.

METHODS: Between January 2016 and October 2019, 70 patients with rHGG who underwent HSRS were retrospectively analysed. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), and secondary endpoints included both progression-free survival (PFS) and adverse events, which were assessed according to Common Toxicity Criteria Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5. The prognostic value of key clinical features (age, performance status, planning target volume, dose, use of ...


A Multidisciplinary Approach To Triage Patients With Breast Disease During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Experience From A Tertiary Care Center In The Developing World, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, Syed Ather Enam 2021 Aga Khan University

A Multidisciplinary Approach To Triage Patients With Breast Disease During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Experience From A Tertiary Care Center In The Developing World, Abida K. Sattar, Hania Shahzad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Azmina Tajdin Valimohammad, Sadaf Khan, Yasmin Vellani, Romana Idrees, Nasir Ali, Imrana Masroor, Humera Saeed, Gulzar S. Lakhani, Nadia Ayoub, Atif Waqar, Muhammad Zia-Ul Islam, Salman Kirmani, Asad Latif, Syed Ather Enam

Section of General Surgery

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has created a need to prioritize care because of limitation of resources. Owing to the heterogeneity and high prevalence of breast cancers, the need to prioritize care in this vulnerable population is essential. While various medical societies have published recommendations to manage breast disease during the COVID-19 pandemic, most are focused on the Western world and do not necessarily address the challenges of a resource-limited setting.
Aim: In this article, we describe our institutional approach for prioritizing care for patients presenting with breast disease.
Methods and results: The breast disease management guidelines were developed and approved ...


Treatment Of Orbital Lesions Using Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Emily Morahan 2021 Misericordia University

Treatment Of Orbital Lesions Using Cyberknife Stereotactic Radiosurgery, Emily Morahan

Student Research Poster Presentations 2021

The purpose of the research done was to evaluate the use of CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) for treating orbital lesions. Efficacy and tolerability of such treatment was analyzed with data drawn from multiple sources, regarding dose and fractionation, quality of life following treatment(s) and prognosis. CyberKnife SRS is the newest, most advanced model of radiation delivery systems, featuring a robotic arm capable of manipulating the linear accelerator into thousands of unique angles. The addition of new angles allows for a more precise concentration of radiation delivered to the lesions. In the case of optic lesions, it is crucial to ...


Analysis Of Racial/Ethnic Disparities And Language Barriers In Radiation Therapy, Carrie Warner 2020 Grand Valley State University

Analysis Of Racial/Ethnic Disparities And Language Barriers In Radiation Therapy, Carrie Warner

Honors Projects

It is important for every patient within healthcare to have access to and receive quality care no matter their race, ethnicity, and/or primary language. Focusing on cancer care in the United States, there are racial and ethnic disparities as well as language barriers, both within the English language itself and with foreign languages, that prevent patients from receiving high quality care. This meta-analysis provides evidence of current disparities within healthcare that can be applied to the radiation oncology department and reveals suggestions for advancements including the use of language-concordant physicians and medical interpreters. Some of the policies, plans, and ...


Target Treatment With Stereotactic Radiation For Recurrent Gliomas, Ayesha Ali, Victor E. Chen, Claire Zurlo, James M Taylor, Christian Fernandez, Wenyin Shi 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Target Treatment With Stereotactic Radiation For Recurrent Gliomas, Ayesha Ali, Victor E. Chen, Claire Zurlo, James M Taylor, Christian Fernandez, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

High grade gliomas (HGG) have a propensity to recur locally and have poor outcomes. As such, safe and effective treatment is paramount. Target treatment with stereotactic radiation allows safe re-irradiation through minimizing normal brain tissue radiation due to its high precision. In this review, we evaluated the clinical experiences using SRS and FSRT for re-irradiation in HGG. We report the radiobiological advantages and disadvantages of both modalities as well as the safety and efficacy published in current literature.


A Systematic Review Of Home-Based Dietary Interventions During Radiation Therapy For Cancer., Taylor H Allenby, Megan L Crenshaw, Katlynn Mathis, Colin E Champ, Nicole L Simone, Kathryn H Schmitz, Leila T Tchelebi, Nicholas G Zaorsky 2020 Penn State Cancer Institute

A Systematic Review Of Home-Based Dietary Interventions During Radiation Therapy For Cancer., Taylor H Allenby, Megan L Crenshaw, Katlynn Mathis, Colin E Champ, Nicole L Simone, Kathryn H Schmitz, Leila T Tchelebi, Nicholas G Zaorsky

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Purpose: Our objectives are to assess (1) the acceptability and feasibility of dietary interventions for patients undergoing radiation therapy (RT), and (2) the impact of dietary interventions on patient reported outcomes, toxicities, and survival.

Methods: A PICOS/PRISMA/MOOSE selection protocol was used to include articles that evaluate adding dietary interventions to patients receiving RT. Acceptability was defined as (# accepting/# approached); feasibility was (# completing/# approached). Patient-reported outcomes were reported based on questionnaires used in each study and survival was measured from the date of diagnosis until death in each study. Level of evidence was assessed with Center for Evidence-Based Medicine ...


The Impact Of Prostate Cancer Treatment On Quality Of Life: A Narrative Review With A Focus On Randomized Data., James M Taylor, Victor E. Chen, Ryan C. Miller, Benjamin A. Greenberger 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

The Impact Of Prostate Cancer Treatment On Quality Of Life: A Narrative Review With A Focus On Randomized Data., James M Taylor, Victor E. Chen, Ryan C. Miller, Benjamin A. Greenberger

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Despite excellent oncologic outcomes, the management of localized prostate cancer remains complex and is dependent on multiple factors, including patient life expectancy, medical comorbidities, tumor characteristics, and genetic risk factors. Decades of iterative clinical trials have improved the optimization and utilization of surgical and radiation-based modalities, as well as their combinatorial use with anti-androgen and systemic therapies. While cure rates are high and converging on equivalent disease control should an upfront surgical or radiotherapeutic approach be optimized, the long-term side effects of surgical and radiation-based treatments can differ significantly in nature. Decisions regarding the selection of therapy are therefore best ...


Feasibility Of Removable Balloon Implant For Simultaneous Magnetic Nanoparticle Heating And Hdr Brachytherapy Of Brain Tumor Resection Cavities., Paul R. Stauffer, Dario B. Rodrigues, Robert Goldstein, Thinh Nguyen, Yan Yu, Shuying Wan, Richard Woodward, Michael Gibbs, Ilya L. Vasilchenko, Alexey M. Osintsev, Voichita Bar-Ad, Dennis B. Leeper, Wenyin Shi, Kevin D. Judy, Mark D. Hurwitz 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Feasibility Of Removable Balloon Implant For Simultaneous Magnetic Nanoparticle Heating And Hdr Brachytherapy Of Brain Tumor Resection Cavities., Paul R. Stauffer, Dario B. Rodrigues, Robert Goldstein, Thinh Nguyen, Yan Yu, Shuying Wan, Richard Woodward, Michael Gibbs, Ilya L. Vasilchenko, Alexey M. Osintsev, Voichita Bar-Ad, Dennis B. Leeper, Wenyin Shi, Kevin D. Judy, Mark D. Hurwitz

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

AIM: Hyperthermia (HT) has been shown to improve clinical response to radiation therapy (RT) for cancer. Synergism is dramatically enhanced if HT and RT are combined simultaneously, but appropriate technology to apply treatments together does not exist. This study investigates the feasibility of delivering HT with RT to a 5-10mm annular rim of at-risk tissue around a tumor resection cavity using a temporary thermobrachytherapy (TBT) balloon implant.

METHODS: A balloon catheter was designed to deliver radiation from High Dose Rate (HDR) brachytherapy concurrent with HT delivered by filling the balloon with magnetic nanoparticles (MNP) and immersing it in a radiofrequency ...


Site-Specific Multi Disciplinary Tumour Board Is An Important Milestone In Cancer Patient's Treatment Journey, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sehrish Abrar, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi 2020 Aga Khan University

Site-Specific Multi Disciplinary Tumour Board Is An Important Milestone In Cancer Patient's Treatment Journey, Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sehrish Abrar, Bilal Mazhar Qureshi

Department of Radiation Oncology

No abstract provided.


Breast Carcinoma Metastasis In A Resected Meningioma With Early Diagnosis Of Oligometastatic Disease: A Case Report., Christian Fernandez, Louis Cappelli, Sara Chapin,, Lawrence Kenyon, Christopher J Farrell, Wenyin Shi 2020 Thomas Jefferson University

Breast Carcinoma Metastasis In A Resected Meningioma With Early Diagnosis Of Oligometastatic Disease: A Case Report., Christian Fernandez, Louis Cappelli, Sara Chapin,, Lawrence Kenyon, Christopher J Farrell, Wenyin Shi

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Tumor-to-tumor metastasis describes the ability of primary tumors to metastasize to other primary tumors. These events generally occur in aggressive and widely-metastatic disease, with the appropriate management and significance of these events unknown. A 56-year-old woman with a history of bilateral, localized, invasive lobular breast carcinoma treated with surgery, systemic therapy, and adjuvant radiation presented five and two years post-treatment with progressive neurological symptoms. Imaging revealed an intracranial meningioma, and the patient underwent resection. Pathology revealed metastatic invasive lobular carcinoma cells within the resected meningioma, and the patient was treated with postoperative radiation without sequelae. Subsequent staging scans revealed a ...


Outcomes After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy As A Bridging Modality To Liver Transplantation For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Rashi Garg, Kim Foley, Babak Movahedi, Mark Masciocchi, Jacob R. Bledsoe, Linda Ding, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Shirin Sioshansi 2020 Tufts University

Outcomes After Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy As A Bridging Modality To Liver Transplantation For Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Rashi Garg, Kim Foley, Babak Movahedi, Mark Masciocchi, Jacob R. Bledsoe, Linda Ding, Paul Rava, Thomas J. Fitzgerald, Shirin Sioshansi

Radiology Publications

Purpose: For patients with hepatocellular carcinoma awaiting liver transplantation (LT), stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has emerged as a bridging treatment to ensure patients maintain priority status and eligibility per Milan criteria. In this study, we aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of SBRT in such situations.

Methods and Materials: A retrospective analysis was conducted of the outcomes of 27 patients treated with SBRT who were listed for LT at 1 institution. Among these, 20 patients with 26 tumors went on to LT and were the focus of this study. Operative reports and postoperative charts were evaluated for potential ...


Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu 2020 University of Kentucky

Develop A High-Throughput Screening Method To Identify C-P4h1 (Collagen Prolyl 4-Hydroxylase 1) Inhibitors From Fda-Approved Chemicals, Shike Wang, Kuo-Hao Lee, Nathália Victoria Araujo, Chang-Guo Zhan, Vivek M. Rangnekar, Ren Xu

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylase 1 (C-P4H1) is an α-ketoglutarate (α-KG)-dependent dioxygenase that catalyzes 4-hydroxylation of proline on collagen. C-P4H1-induced prolyl hydroxylation is required for proper collagen deposition and cancer metastasis. Therefore, targeting C-P4H1 is considered a potential therapeutic strategy for collagen-related cancer progression and metastasis. However, no C-P4H1 inhibitors are available for clinical testing, and the high content assay is currently not available for C-P4H1 inhibitor screening. In the present study, we developed a high-throughput screening assay by quantifying succinate, a byproduct of C-P4H-catalyzed hydroxylation. C-P4H1 is the major isoform of collagen prolyl 4-hydroxylases (CP4Hs) that contributes the majority prolyl ...


Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan

Biochemistry Publications

Purpose: Inhomogeneous exposures to ionizing radiation can be detected and quantified with the Dicentric Chromosome Assay (DCA) of metaphase cells. Complete automation of interpretation of the DCA for whole body irradiation has significantly improved throughput without compromising accuracy, however low levels of residual false positive dicentric chromosomes (DCs) have confounded its application for partial body exposure determination.

Materials and Methods: We describe a method of estimating and correcting for false positive DCs in digitally processed images of metaphase cells. Nearly all DCs detected in unirradiated calibration samples are introduced by digital image processing. DC frequencies of irradiated calibration samples and ...


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