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Roles And Regulation Of Satellite Cells In Skeletal Muscle Regeneration, Sydney M. Vlasman 2021 Portland State University

Roles And Regulation Of Satellite Cells In Skeletal Muscle Regeneration, Sydney M. Vlasman

University Honors Theses

Skeletal muscle has an innate ability to self-regenerate in response to certain stimuli. In the case of trauma, muscle resident stem cells are required to meet the regenerative needs of the tissue. These resident stem cells, called satellite cells (SCs), are crucial in the regenerative process following injury; understanding the major factors which regulate satellite cell activity can provide valuable insight for regenerative medicine. The ability to implement and properly activate satellite cells has immense potential in the treatment of conditions including trauma, degenerative disorders, and age-related sarcopenia. This review will discuss the current understanding of satellite cell-mediated regeneration and ...


Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass 2021 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Classification Of Traumatic Brain Injury Patients Versus Healthy Controls Using Arterial Spin Labeled Perfusion Mri, Vanessa I. Grass

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most common causes of death and disability worldwide, yet accurate in vivo detection of TBI neuropathology remains challenging due to complexities in the structural and functional changes observed post-injury as well as limitations in conventional neuroimaging modalities. Although advanced neuroimaging techniques such as arterial spin labeling (ASL) can noninvasively assess cerebral blood flow (CBF) changes observed post-injury, this technique is underutilized in TBI research partly due to the low signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) inherent in ASL imaging. The aim of the current study is to examine the use of machine learning, specifically a Support ...


Music As A Gateway To Healing Speech Disorders And Mental Health Holistically In The Patient With Aphasia: A Literature Review, susan warren 2021 Lesley University

Music As A Gateway To Healing Speech Disorders And Mental Health Holistically In The Patient With Aphasia: A Literature Review, Susan Warren

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

People with some types of post-stroke aphasia often experience depression as well as loss of speech. Music therapy has unique properties that allow it to be used therapeutically to treat both speech impairment and depression yet it is rarely used to treat both disorders. This literature review seeks to examine the underlying causes for this discrepancy, review methods used by practitioners to treat both disorders and suggest future directions for additional research and implications for the treatment of patients with aphasia who have both language impairment and depression.


Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson 2021 The University of San Francisco

Reiki For Recovery: Incorporating Japanese Health Practices To Increase Contemporary Resiliency In American Health, Leif Peterson

Master's Projects and Capstones

The Japanese health practice of Reiki attempts to maximize the latent ability of the human system to heal itself. The Reiki system, established over a century ago, combines multiple Asian health traditions, experimenting with practices that maximize the natural processes of the body to perform its own repairs. Reiki encourages healthy behaviors that balance the mind and body, return the human system to a lowered stress level, and allow for an optimal recovery state for the patient. This paper illustrates how this Japanese health-affirming method can be integrated and utilized within existing health and medical practices. An area that is ...


Pre-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest In Children At A Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, Kayla B. Briggs 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pre-Hospital Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Arrest In Children At A Level 1 Pediatric Trauma Center, Kayla B. Briggs

Research Days

Background: The survival of traumatic cardiopulmonary arrest (TCA) requiring pre-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (P-CPR) is abysmal across age groups.

Objectives/Goal: We aim to describe the patterns of injury, pre-hospital interventions, and outcomes of children suffering from TCA leading to P-CPR at our institution to support standardized guidelines addressing the termination of prolonged resuscitation attempts in children.

Methods/Design: Following IRB approval, retrospective review was conducted to identify children ages 0-17 years who suffered TCA leading to P-CPR at our institution between 5/1/2009–3/1/2020. For analysis, patients were stratified into those still undergoing CPR at arrival and ...


A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay BS, MR, Bree A. Harrison BSN, RN, TCRN, Joseph J. Stirparo MD, Michael T. Crowley MD, Nicholas P. Johnson DO, Bryan G. Kane MD, Kathleen E. Kane MD 2021 USF MCOM - LVHN Campus

A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay Bs, Mr, Bree A. Harrison Bsn, Rn, Tcrn, Joseph J. Stirparo Md, Michael T. Crowley Md, Nicholas P. Johnson Do, Bryan G. Kane Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md

USF-LVHN SELECT

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Hypothesis That Viral Meningitis Is A Mimic Of Abusive Head Trauma, Danielle Horton, Tanya Burrell, James Anderst, Lyndsey Hultman, Mary Moffatt, Henry T. Puls, Rangaraj Selvarangan 2021 Children's Mercy Hospital

Evaluation Of The Hypothesis That Viral Meningitis Is A Mimic Of Abusive Head Trauma, Danielle Horton, Tanya Burrell, James Anderst, Lyndsey Hultman, Mary Moffatt, Henry T. Puls, Rangaraj Selvarangan

Posters

Background: Viral meningitis (VM) has been proposed as an alternative cause of subdural hemorrhage (SDH) in young children diagnosed with abusive head trauma (AHT). It has been proposed that VM may mimic symptoms and clinical features of AHT, resulting in an incorrect diagnosis of abuse.


Objective: We aim to evaluate the hypothesis that VM is a mimic of AHT by comparing the history of present illness (HPI) and initial clinical presentation of young children with proven VM to those with subdural hemorrhage and concomitant suspicious injuries (SDH + CSIs) and to those with SDH and no CSIs (SDH only). We hypothesized ...


A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay BS, MR, Bree A. Harrison BSN, RN, TCRN, Joseph J. Stirparo MD, Michael T. Crowley MD, Nicholas P. Johnson DO, Bryan G. Kane MD, Kathleen E. Kane MD 2021 USF MCOM - LVHN Campus

A Pilot Study Comparing Over And Under Triage Systems At A Center Pursuing Trauma Accreditation, Caitlyn N. Balsay Bs, Mr, Bree A. Harrison Bsn, Rn, Tcrn, Joseph J. Stirparo Md, Michael T. Crowley Md, Nicholas P. Johnson Do, Bryan G. Kane Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md

Department of Emergency Medicine

No abstract provided.


“In This Industry, You're No Longer Human”: An Exploratory Study Of Women’S Experiences In Pornography Production In Sweden, Meghan Donevan 2021 Talita

“In This Industry, You're No Longer Human”: An Exploratory Study Of Women’S Experiences In Pornography Production In Sweden, Meghan Donevan

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

Despite being a global, billion-dollar industry, very little is known about the conditions women face within the pornography industry. The aim of this study was to explore women’s experiences in pornography production, with a particular focus on structural antecedents to entrance, coercion, and violence within the industry, as well as current needs and any barriers to exiting the industry. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with nine women with experiences in pornography production in Sweden. Participants identified young age, financial insecurity, earlier exposure to sexualized violence, and poor mental health as typical antecedents to entering the pornography industry. Once in ...


Trauma-Informed Peripartum Care, Rebecca Gwaltney, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Trauma-Informed Peripartum Care, Rebecca Gwaltney, Elizabeth C. Dykhouse

PEER Liberia Project

This presentation is a part of the PEER Liberia Behavioral Health Lecture Series. It provides an overview of trauma-informed peripartum care, including recognizing the signs, screening and management of peripartum and postpartum trauma.


Mass Casualty Mini Drills On Trauma Surgery Department Staff Knowledge: An Educational Improvement Study., Lisa Hollister, Thein Zhu, Nancy Edwards, Becky Good, Sarah Hoeppner 2021 Parkview Health

Mass Casualty Mini Drills On Trauma Surgery Department Staff Knowledge: An Educational Improvement Study., Lisa Hollister, Thein Zhu, Nancy Edwards, Becky Good, Sarah Hoeppner

Emergency Medicine and Trauma

BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the United States has witnessed an increase in mass casualty incidents (MCIs). The outcome of an MCI depends upon hospital preparedness, yet many hospitals are unfamiliar with their facility MCI procedure. Educational training drills may be one method to improve staff knowledge of policy and procedure.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to improve knowledge gained through educational MCI mini drills of institutional mass casualty policy and procedure in surgery department staff at a level II trauma center.

METHODS: A pre-/posttest design was utilized. The hospital implemented MCI mini training drills as a quality improvement project ...


Tranexamic Acid To Reduce Head Injury Death In People With Traumatic Brain Injury: The Crash-3 International Rct, Ian Roberts, Haleema Shakur-Still, Amy Aeron-Thoma, Danielle Beaumont, Antonio Belli, Amy Brenner, Madeleine Cargill, Rizwana Chaudhri, Nicolas Douglas, Rashid Jooma 2021 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Tranexamic Acid To Reduce Head Injury Death In People With Traumatic Brain Injury: The Crash-3 International Rct, Ian Roberts, Haleema Shakur-Still, Amy Aeron-Thoma, Danielle Beaumont, Antonio Belli, Amy Brenner, Madeleine Cargill, Rizwana Chaudhri, Nicolas Douglas, Rashid Jooma

Section of Neurosurgery

Background: Tranexamic acid safely reduces mortality in traumatic extracranial bleeding. Intracranial bleeding is common after traumatic brain injury and can cause brain herniation and death. We assessed the effects of tranexamic acid in traumatic brain injury patients.
Objective: To assess the effects of tranexamic acid on death, disability and vascular occlusive events in traumatic brain injury patients. We also assessed cost-effectiveness.
Design: Randomised trial and economic evaluation. Patients were assigned by selecting a numbered treatment pack from a box containing eight packs that were identical apart from the pack number. Patients, caregivers and those assessing outcomes were masked to allocation ...


Ptsd Perceptions In U.S. Military Members And Their Families: A Qualitative Study, Jennifer L. Thomson 2021 Messiah University

Ptsd Perceptions In U.S. Military Members And Their Families: A Qualitative Study, Jennifer L. Thomson

Psychology Educator Scholarship

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic and debilitating disorder characterized by hypervigilance and recurrent, intrusive memories of the traumatic event. Estimates for lifetime prevalence of PTSD diagnoses for United States military personnel vary widely from 10% to more than 30%. The current study aimed to investigate the attitudes and beliefs regarding PTSD and its diagnosis and treatment within U.S. military service members and their families. An online survey was administered to current and former members of the U.S. military and members of their immediate families. The results revealed low levels of mental health stigma and positive attitudes ...


Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr) Training Strategies In The Times Of Covid-19: A Systematic Literature Review Comparing Different Training Methodologies, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Mirza Noor Ali Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan McNally, Junaid Razzak 2021 Aga Khan University

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (Cpr) Training Strategies In The Times Of Covid-19: A Systematic Literature Review Comparing Different Training Methodologies, Daniyal Mansoor Ali, Butool Hisam, Natasha Shaukat, Mirza Noor Ali Baig, Marcus Eng Hock Ong, Jonathan L. Epstein, Eric Goralnick, Paul D. Kivela, Bryan Mcnally, Junaid Razzak

Department of Emergency Medicine

Background: Traditional, instructor led, in-person training of CPR skills has become more challenging due to COVID-19 pandemic. We compared the learning outcomes of standard in-person CPR training (ST) with alternative methods of training such as hybrid or online-only training (AT) on CPR performance, quality, and knowledge among laypersons with no previous CPR training.
Methods: We searched PubMed and Google Scholar for relevant articles from January 1995 to May 2020. Covidence was used to review articles by two independent researchers. Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) Quality Assessment Tool was used to assess quality of the manuscripts.
Results: Of the 978 ...


Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Adapting A Traumatic Brain Injury Goals-Of-Care Decision Aid For Critically Ill Patients To Intracerebral Hemorrhage And Hemispheric Acute Ischemic Stroke, Kelsey Goostrey, Christopher Lee, Kelsey Jones, Thomas Quinn, Jesse Moskowitz, Jolanta J. Pach, Andrea K. Knies, Lori Shutter, Robert J. Goldberg, Kathleen M. Mazor, David Y. Hwang, Susanne Muehlschlegel

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

Objectives: Families in the neurologic ICU urgently request goals-of-care decision support and shared decision-making tools. We recently developed a goals-of-care decision aid for surrogates of critically ill traumatic brain injury patients using a systematic development process adherent to the International Patient Decision Aid Standards. To widen its applicability, we adapted this decision aid to critically ill patients with intracerebral hemorrhage and large hemispheric acute ischemic stroke.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Two academic neurologic ICUs.

Subjects: Twenty family members of patients in the neurologic ICU were recruited from July 2018 to October 2018.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: We ...


Incidence And Risk Factors Of Delirium In Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Madiha Hashmi, Waqas Ahmed, Syed Amir Raza, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Bushra Salim 2021 Aga Khan University

Incidence And Risk Factors Of Delirium In Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Muhammad Asghar Ali, Madiha Hashmi, Waqas Ahmed, Syed Amir Raza, Muhammad Faisal Khan, Bushra Salim

Department of Anaesthesia

Background: To evaluate the incidence and modifiable risk factors of delirium in surgical intensive care unit (SICU) of tertiary care hospital in a low-income and middle-income country.
Methods: We conducted a single cohort observational study in patients over 18 years of age who were admitted to the SICU for >24 hours in Aga Khan University Hospital from January to December 2016. Patients who had pre-existing cognitive dysfunction were excluded. Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist was used to assess delirium. Incidence of delirium was computed, and univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to observe the relationship between outcome and associated factors ...


Angioembolisation For The Treatment Of Pseudo-Aneurysm Of Internal Maxillary Artery, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Anosha Khan, Atif Hafeez Siddiqui, Asad Shakil, Basit Salam, Raza Sayani 2021 Aga Khan University

Angioembolisation For The Treatment Of Pseudo-Aneurysm Of Internal Maxillary Artery, Muhammad Azeemuddin, Anosha Khan, Atif Hafeez Siddiqui, Asad Shakil, Basit Salam, Raza Sayani

Department of Radiology

Pseudo-aneurysm of internal maxillary artery, following a road traffic accident, is a rare clinical scenario. The consequence of pseudo-aneurysm may be spontaneous rupture of the arterial wall, which may eventually lead to life-threatening hemorrhage. We report a case of a 20-year male who presented with recurrent epistaxis. CT scan was performed, which revealed a pseudo-aneurysm of the internal maxillary artery; this was successfully treated by angioembolisation. Similar cases of traumatic pseudo-aneurysms have been reported, however, none presented with recurrent epistaxis after management of pan-facial fractures. Key Words: Epistaxis, Pseudo-aneurysm, Angioembolisation, Pan-facial fracture.


Trauma Recidivism In An Aging Population: Who Is Most At Risk?, Ryan Taylor, Austin McCrea, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Keely Muertos, Saptarshi Biswas, Christoph Kaufmann 2021 University of South Carolina School of Medicine

Trauma Recidivism In An Aging Population: Who Is Most At Risk?, Ryan Taylor, Austin Mccrea, Nayda Parisio Poldiak, Keely Muertos, Saptarshi Biswas, Christoph Kaufmann

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

Repeated episodes of trauma, particularly in older adults, result in increased morbidity and mortality. This study investigates trauma recidivism in our adult population to identify which patients in our region are more likely to become recidivists.

Materials and Methods

This 4 year retrospective study (2013 to 2017) examines all patients 18 years of age or older with multiple hospital admissions for trauma, comparing patients ages 65 and older (older adults) to those ages 18 to 64 (younger adults). Exclusion criteria consisted of those younger than 18 and/or had a home zip code outside of the study region. Data ...


Accuracy Of Procalcitonin Levels For Diagnosis Of Culture-Positive Sepsis In Critically Ill Trauma Patients: A Retrospective Analysis, Aisha Bakhtiar, Syed Jawad Haider Kazmi, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Muhammad Nadeem Khurshaidi, Salman Mazhar, Noman A. Khan, Nisar Ahmed, Farah Yasmin, Rabail Yaseen, Maira Hassan 2021 Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, PAK.

Accuracy Of Procalcitonin Levels For Diagnosis Of Culture-Positive Sepsis In Critically Ill Trauma Patients: A Retrospective Analysis, Aisha Bakhtiar, Syed Jawad Haider Kazmi, Muhammad Sohaib Asghar, Muhammad Nadeem Khurshaidi, Salman Mazhar, Noman A. Khan, Nisar Ahmed, Farah Yasmin, Rabail Yaseen, Maira Hassan

Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Background: Abdominal trauma and intra-abdominal sepsis are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Microcirculation in the gut is disrupted in hemorrhagic and septic shock leading to tissue hypoxia, and the damaged gut acts as a reservoir rich in inflammatory mediators and provides a continual source of inflammation to the systemic circulation leading to sepsis. Sepsis is defined as the presence (probable or documented) of infection together with a systemic inflammatory response to infection. Blood culture is commonly considered to be the preferred approach for diagnosing sepsis, although it is time-consuming, that is, reports are normally available only after 12-48 hours ...


Assessment Strategy For Implementation Of Evidence-Based Protocol For Antibiotics In Appendicitis, Alexa J. Golden, Alia Aunchman, Gary An 2021 University of Vermont, Larner College of Medicine

Assessment Strategy For Implementation Of Evidence-Based Protocol For Antibiotics In Appendicitis, Alexa J. Golden, Alia Aunchman, Gary An

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

Introduction:

Evidence-based protocols (EBP) exist to guide clinicians in decision-making, however, EBP are often delayed and not optimally implemented [1]. Antibiotic stewardship is heavily guided by EBP and highly relevant to surgical practice. Antibiotic regimens for one of the most common surgical diseases, acute appendicitis (AA) can be highly variable. Post-operative antibiotic (POA) use in non-perforated AA has been largely shown to be non-beneficial and potentially harmful [2]; 4 days of POA in cases where source control is obtained has shown to be non-inferior to commonly prescribed longer courses [3]. We identified lack of consistent antibiotic usage for AA at ...


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